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HARVARD UNIVERSITY. 




LIBRARY 



MUSEUM OF COMPARATIVE ZOOLOGY. 



\%^^. 



0) /)(XAMkA/va£_- 



VV\V 



CATALOGUE 



LEPIDOPTERA VEALJMM 



BRITISH MUSEUM 



VOLUME VIII, 



^L O N D N : 
PRINTED BY ORDER OF THE TRUSTEES. 
1909. 

(All rights reserved.) 



CATALOGUE 



OF THE 



NOCTFIDJi 



COLLECTION 



BRITISH MUSEUM. 



Sir GEORGE F. HAMPSON, Bart. 



LONDON: 
PRINTED BY ORDER OF THE TRUSTEES. 

SOLD BY 

LONGMANS & Co.. 39 PATERNOSTER ROW, E.G.; 

B. QUARITCH, 11 GRAFTON STREET, NEW BOND STREET, W. ; 

DULAU & Co., 37 SOHO SQUARE, VV. ; 

AND AT THE 

BRITISH MUSEUM (NATURAL HISTORY), CROMWELL ROAD, ."3. W. 

1909. 






PRINTED BY TAYLOR AND FRANCIS, 
ItED LIOK COURT, FLEET STREET. 



PREFACE. 



The subject; of Vol. VIII. of the ' Catalogue of Moths ' is the 
second part of the Noctuid subfamily Acronyctince ; it contains 
720 species belonging to 104 genera as compared with 8-13 
species belonging to 96 genera in Vol. VII., leaving 171 genera 
to be dealt with in the third and final part of the subfamily, 
which it is hoped will appear before the end of the current year. 

Sir George Hampson desires to thank all those who helped 
him with the earlier volumes of the Catalogue for their assistance 
in the preparation of the present volume. 



SIDNEY F. HARMER, 

British Museum (Natural History), Keejicr of Zoology. 

March 18th, 1909. 



SYSTEMATIC INDEX. 



Page 

Fam. NOCTUID^. 1 

Subfam. Acronyctin^ . . 1 

Cosmodes, Guen 17 

3591. eleo-ans (Donov.) 17 

Canna, Wlk 19 

8592. prasinaria ( Wlk.) ]9 

3693. malachitis (Oberth.) .. 20 

3594. pulchripicta, Wlk 21 

Daseochseta, Warren 22 

3595. viridis (Leech) 22 

3596. metaphaea, Hmpsn 23 

3597. pallida (Moore) 24 

3598. vivida (Leech) 25 

3599. vigens ( Wlk.) 26 

3600. brevipennis, Hmpsn. . . 27 

3601. fasciata (Moore) 28 

3602. chrysochlora (Hmpsn.) . 28 

3603. alpium (Osbeck) 30 

3604. niuscosa (Hmpsn.) .... 31 

3605. discibninnea (Moore) . . 32 

3606. marmorea (Leech) .... 33 

3607. Yerbenata (Dist.) 34 

3608. beryllodes ( Turner) . . 35 
Leuconycta, Hmfisn , 35 

3609. diphteroides (G^wew.) .. 36 

3610. vesta (Schaus) 37 

Agriopodes, Hmpsn 37 

3611. fallax (Hcrr.-Schciff.) . . 38 

3612. geminata (Smith) 39 

3613. tybo (Barnes) 40 

3614. Viridata (Harv.) 40 

Polionycta, Hmpsn 41 

3615. apicata, Hmpsn 4] 

Thalatha, Wlk 42 

3616. raalagassica, Hmpsn. . . 42 

3617. dinava (Beth.-Buker) . . 43 

3618. eceicei (Beth.-Baker) . . 44 

3619. psorallina (Lower) .... 45 



3620. cebeEe (Beth.-Baker) . . 46 

3621. conjecturalis (Sioinh.) . 47 

3622. sinens ( Wlk.) 48 

3623. melaleuca, Hmpsn. . . . , 48 
Goenycta, Hmpsn 49 

3624. niveiguttata (Hmpsn.) . 49 
Tycracona, Moore 50 

3625. obliqua, Moore 50 

Craniopliora, Snell 51 

3626. nigrivitta (Hmpsn.) . . 52 

3627. fasciata (Moore) 52 

3628. albonigra (Herz.) 53 

3629. prseolara (Grces.) 54 

3630. uubilata (Hmpsn.) .... 65 

3631. pontica (Stand.) 55 

3632. paragrapba (Feld.) 56 

3633. ligustri (Schif.) 57 

3634. obscura, Leech 58 

Acronycta, Treit 59 

3635. tbeodora, Schaus 62 

3636. mansueta, Smith 63 

3637. hemileuca, Filng 64 

3638. strigosa (Schif.) 64 

3639. vinuula (Grote) 65 

3640. paupercula, Grote .... 66 

3641. lepetita, Smith 67 

3642. parallela (Grote) 68 

3643. alboriifa, Grote 68 

3644. connecta. Grote ...... 69 

3645. exilis, Grote 70 

3646. modica, Wlk 71 

3647. ovata, Grote 71 

3648. heesitata (Grote) 72 

3649. hasta, Gue7i 73 

3650. mavmorata, Smith .... 74 

3651. albioi'bis, Hmpsn 74 

3652. jancoiisci (Oherth.) 75 

3653. crenulata, Beth.-Baker . 76 

3654. fragilis (Guen.) 77 

3655. liturata, Smith 77 



vni 



SYSTEMATIC INDEX. 



Page 
Arronycta (con.), 

36-56. bruinosa, Gue?i 78 

3657. velia, Schatis 79 

36.58. inclara, Smith SO 

36.59. clarescens, Guen 80 

3660. minella {Dyar) 81 

3661. superans, Guen 82 

3662. subochrea, Grate 83 

3663. noctivaga, Grote 84 

3664. carbonaria, Grces 8-5 

366-5. subornata, Leech 85 

3666. afflicta, Grote 86 

3667. hamamelis, Guen 87 

3668. iucreta, Morr 88 

3669. retardata ( Wlk.) 88 

3670. csesarep, Smith 89 

3671. impleta, Wlk 90 

3672. illita, Smith 90 

3673. pniinosa, Guen 91 

3674. consanguis, Butl 92 

8<^75. albistigma, South .... 93 

3676. rnmicis (Linn.) 93 

3677. lutea, Brnn. <^ Grey . . 95 

3678. catocaloida, Grces 95 

3679. quadrata, Grote ...... 101 

8680. strigulata, S^nith 101 

3681. tlioracica {(7rote) 102 

3682. leetitica, Smith 103 

3683. lobelife, Guen 104 

3684. manitoba, Smith 105 

3685. fureifera, Guen 105 

3686. psi {Linn.) 106 

3687. tridens {Schiff.) 108 

3688. incretata, Hmpsn 109 

3689. cuspis, Hilbn 110 

3690. leucocuspis, ^16^/. .... Ill 

3691. orientalis, Mann Ill 

3692. maxima {Moore) 112 

3693. iria, Sivinh 113 

3694. herculep, -FeW 114 

3695. rubiginosa, WJk 115 

3696. taurica, Stand 116 

8697. aeeris (Zw/?.) 116 

3698. maior. Brem 117 

8699. eldora, Smith 118 

3700. tritona {Hilbn.) 110 

3701. falcula {Grote) 120 

3702. elizabeta, Smith 120 

3703. revellata. Smith 121 

3704. grisea, Wlk 122 

3705. alni {Linn.) . . , 123 

3706. fimeralis, Grote ^- Bob ., 124 

3707. morula, Grote & Bob. . . 125 

3708. transversal a, Smith. ... 126 

3709. iota (Grote) 127 



Page 
-3710. radcliffei {Harv.) .... 127 

3711. felina {Grote) 128 

3712. frigida, Smith 129 

3713. cyanescens, 7/w/j«yj. .. 129 

3714. pacifica, Smith 130 

3715. interriipta, Gueii 130 

3716. spinigera, Guen 131 

3717. auricoma (^V/u/.) 1.32 

3718. pulverosa, Hmpsn 133 

3719. menyaiitbidis ( Fim.j. . 184 

3720. c&nn^QwsiSjSmithl^Dyar 135 

3721. Cinderella, Smith 13.5 

3722. lepusculiiia, Guen 1.36 

3723. chinnocliroa, Hmpsn. . . 136 

3724. populi, Biley 137 

8725. similana. Smith 138 

8726. gastridia, Sivinh 138 

3727. metaxantha, Hmpsn. . . 139 

3728. nigrican.?, Leech 1 40 

3729. emaculata, Smith .... 140 
37,30. impre.-6a, Wlk 141 

3731. distans {Grote) 142 

3732. edolata {Grote) 148 

3733. lithospila, Grote 148 

8734. barnesi. Smith 144 

37.35. perdita, Grote J 45 

3736. extricata [Grote) 145 

3737. digna {Bvtl.) 146 

3738. raphaelis, Uberth 147 

37-39. rubricoma, Guen 148 

3740. centralis, Brsch ] 48 

3741. megacephala {Schiff.) . . 149 

8742. tiena, Fiiny. .'. . ].50 

3743. bicolor, Moore 150 

8744. betulse, Biley 151 

374-5. americana {Harris). . . . 151 

8746. hesperida. Smith 152 

8747, bastulifera {Smith ^- 

Abbot) 153 

3748. dactylina, Grote 154 

3749. insita, Wlk 155 

37,50. innotata, Gue^i 155 

3751. Othello, Smith 156 

3752. longa, Guen 1-57 

3753. sperata, Grote 157 

3754. euphorbise (l^chiff.) .... 158 

3755. abscondita, T>-eit 1 .59 

3756. cretata, Smith 100 

3757. leporina {Linn.) 161 

Eulonche, Grote 162 

3758. ohhmtn {iimith Si- Abbot) 163 

3759. aiioch {Streck.) 164 

3760. lanceolaria {Grote) .... 164 
8761. insolita (6Vofe) 164 

Meroloiiche, Grote 165 



SYSTEMATIC INDEX. 



Page 

3762. lupini {Grote) 165 

3763. uisijia, Smith *^ Dyur. . 166 

3764. spinea (Grote) 167 

Stilbina, Stand. 168 

3765. hj^psenides, Stand. .... 168 
Uvpeiilhina, Led 169 

3'766. fulourita, Led 169 

3767. numida (0^>e?-^;».) 170 

Pseudoligia, Stand 170 

3768. similiaria (Men.) 171 

Scotocampa, Stand. 171 

3769. iiidig-esta, Stand 172 

Leiometopoii, Stand 172 

3770. simyrides, Stand 172 

Siiiiyra, Ochs 173 

3771. buettneri ( Hering) .... 174 

3772. nervosa {Schif.) 174 

3773. splendida (Stand.) .... 175 

3774. dentinosa (Fyv.) 175 

3775. hemici (Grote) 176 

3776. colorada (Smith) 177 

3777. albovenosa (Goeze) . . 177 

3778. ssepistriata {Alph.) .... 178 

3779. albicosta, Hinpsn 178 

3780. confiisa (7r/^.) 178 

3781. coHspersa, Moore .... 179 
Eogena, Guen 179 

37'82. contaminei {Eo.) 179 

Caliipliasidia, Hmpsn 180 

3783. lucala (Szcinh.) 180 

3784. radiata (Stoinh.) 181 

3785. deiitifera; Hmjisn 182 

Cetola, Wlk 182 

3786. rubricosta, Hmpsn. . . 183 

3787. dentata, Wlk 183 

3788. radiata, Hmpsn 184 

Watopo, Dist 185 

3789. nigrivittata, Hmpsn. . . 185 

3790. inangulata, Hmpsn. . . 186 

3791 . typica, Dist 186 

3792. actinophora, Hmpsn. . . 187 

3793. selecta ( IVlk.) 188 

3794. heiTiileuca, Hmpsn. . . 189 

3795. neotropicalis, D. Jones . 189 
Delta, Saalm 190 

3796. goniosema, Hmpsn. . . 191 

3797. intermedia (Brem.). . . . 192 

3798. ramosula (Guen.) .... 193 

3799. steuarti (Grote) 193 

3S00. stolifera, Saahn 194 

3801. campy la, i/mps?j 194 

3802. gnorima (Piing.) 195 

3803. detersina (Stand.) 196 

3804. indica { Wlk.) 196 

3805. peterseni (Christ.) 197 

3806. nea {Druce) 198 



Pnge 

3807. albiclava, Druce 198 

Audropolia, Grate 199 

3808. diversilineata { G'ro/Ie) . . 199 

3809. illepida (Grote) 200 

3810. pulverulenta (Smith) . . 201 

3811. contacta ( Wlk.) 202 

3812. pallifera (Grote) 202 

3813. dispar (Smith) 203 

3814. ochracea (Sjnith) 204 

3815. olorina ( Grote) 204 

3816. aedoD (Grote) 205 

3817. extincta (Stnith) 206 

3818. theodori ( Grote) 206 

3819. maxima (Di/ar) 207 

3820. acera (S^nith) 208 

LithomcBa, Hilbri 208 

3821. rectilinea {Esp.) 209 

3822. xylinoides (Guen.) 210 

3823. brunneiciista (»S'??wYA). . 211 

3824. indistincta {Smith) 212 

Vvi\iihm?i, Alph 213 

3825. catomelas, Alph 213 

Fota, Grote 214 

3826. minovata, Grote ...... 214 

3827. armata, Grote 215 

Oxycnemis, Grote 215 

3828. fiisimacula. Smith 216 

3829. gustis, Smith 217 

3830. baboquavaria, Smith . . 217 

3831. ad vena, Grote 218 

3832. subsimplex, Dyar .... 218 

3833. acuna, Barnes 219 

3834. gracillinea (Grote) 219 

3835. adusta, Smith 220 

Fala, Grote 220 

3836. ptycliophora, Grvte . . 221 
Leucocnemis, /Z»«/Jsw 221 

3837. sectilis (Smith) 222 . 

3838. perfundis (Smith) 222 

3839. nivalis (Smith) 223 

Stoniafrontia Hmpsn 223 

3810. albifasciata, Hmpsn, . . 223 
Cephalospaigeta, Moschl 224 

3841. elongata, Moschl 224 

Prothrinax, Hm,psn 225 

3842. luteomedia (Smith) . . 225 
Copibryophila, Smith 226 

3843. angelica. Smith 226 

Prodicella, Hmpsn 227 

3844. darena (Druce) 227 

Escaria, Grote 228 

3845. clauda, Grote 228 

Aleptina, Dyar 229 

3846. inca, Dyar 229 

Proracliia, Hmpsn 230 

3847. daria (Vruce) 230 



STSTEMATIC INDEX. 



Hiidenella, Grote -31 

3848. rectiradiala (//»«>««.). . 231 

3849. peiyentilis, Grote 232 

Fotella, Grote 232 

3850. cyliiidrica {Grote) .... 233 
38ol. uotalis, Grote 233 

Catabena, Wlk 234 

3852. esula [Druce) , 234 

3853. lineolata, Wlk 235 

3854. vitrina ( Wlk.) 236 

3855. terens ( WUc) 236 

Clrripha, Wlk 237 

3856. involuta, Wlk 237 

Calograuima, Guen 238 

3857. festiva (Bonov.) 239 

Pi'odenia, Gue?i 240 

3858. nibrifusa, Hmpsn 240 

3859. dolichos {Fahr.) 242 

3860. \^\i\c\\e\\?i{Herr.-Schqff.) 243 

3861. andropea (Cram.) .... 244 

3862. litura (Fahr.) 245 

3863. lati fascia, Wlk ^^^47 

3864. ornithog-alli, Gven 248 

3865. prseiica, Grote 250 

3866. niai'iina, Schaus 251 

8podopteia, Guen 251 

3867. ULubraculafa ( Wlk.) . . 252 

3868. pefiten, Guen 252 

3869. abyssinia, Guen 254 

3870. compta ( Wlk.) 255 

3871. mauritia (Boisd.) .... 256 

3872. postfiisca, Htripsu 258 

Laphygnia, Guen 258 

3873. leucophlebia (Hmpsn.) . 259 

3874. apertura ( Wlk.) 260 

3875. exempta ( Wlk.) 261 

3876. fruo-iperda (Smth 8f 

Abbot) 262 

3877. flaviraaculata (Harv.) . 264 

3878. exigua (Hilhn.) 265 

Neolaphygnia, Hmpsn 266 

3879. leucoplaga, Hmpsn. . . 267 
Lophotarsia, Hmpsn 268 

3880. ocbropiocta, Hinpsn. . . 268 
Staui'opides, Hmpsn 269 

3881. superba (Druce) 269 

3882. persimilis, Hmpsn 270 

Xylomyges, Guen 271 

3883. eridania (Oam.) 271 

3884. peruviana ( Wlk.) 273 

3885. ochrea, Hmpsn 273 

3886. sunia, Guen 274 

Antha, Staud 274 

3887. grata (Butl.) 275 

Acroria, Wlk. 276 

3888. terens ( Wlk.) 276 



rage 

3889. denterna (Guen.) 277 

3890. niexicana, Hmpsn 278 

3891. dimimita (Guen.) 279 

Acroriodes, Hmjjsn 279 

3892. dipb)lopha, Druce 280 

Paracroria, Hmpsn 281 

3893. griseocincta (Hinpsn.) . . 281 
Thvatirodes, Hmpsn 282 

3894. godalma {Scha7is) .... 282 
Strigiphlebia, Hmpsn. 283 

3896. flavirena, Hmpsn 283 

Centrartbva, Hmpsn 284 

3896. furcivitta, Hmpsn 284 

Mimleucania, Hmpsn 285 

3897. leucosiima (Fcld.) 285 

3898. perstriata, Hmpsn 286 

Rhabiiiopteryx, Christ 287 

3899. turaiiica (Ersch.) 287 

3900. subtilis (Mah.) 288 

Epimecia, Guen 288 

3901. ustula (Frr.) 288 

Fergana, Staud 289 

3902. oreophila, Staud 290 

Stilbia, Steph 290 

3903. faille, Fung 291 

3904. anomala (Hate.) 291 

Prgestilbia, Staud 292 

3905. ai-meniaca, Staud 292 

Ilypostilbia., Hmpsn 293 

3906. megastignia (I'iinc/.) . . 293 

3907. correpta (i'/my.) ...... 294 

Auiphidriua, Staud 294 

3908. pexicera, Hnpsn. 295 

3909. amurensis (Staud.) 296 

3910. glaucistis (Hmpsn.) 296 

3911. intaminata ( Wlk.) 297 

3912. spEelotidia (Butl.) .... 297 

3913. agrotina, Staud 298 

Athetis, Hubn 299 

3914. cliionopis, Hnpsn 299 

3915. albipuncla (Hnqisn.) . . 300 

3916. caica (H)ipsn.) 300 

3917. melanopis, Hmpsn. . . 301 

3918. leucopis (Hmp.m.) 302 

3919. nephrosticta, Hmpsn. . . 303 

3920. capicola (Herr.-Sckdff.). 303 

3921. rutipuncta (Hmpsn.) . . 303 

3922. poliostrota, Hnpsn. . . 304 
;i923. microtera (Hmpsn.) . . 304 

3924. tenebrata (Hnpsn.) . . 305 

3925. expolita (Butl.) 305 

3926. externa ( Wlk.) 306 

3927. cervina {Moore) 306 

3928. castaneipavs (Moore^ . . 307 

S929. foveata, Hmpsn 307 

3930. delecta (Moore) 313 



STSTEiUATIC INDEX. 



XI 



Pnge 

~3931. conspicua (Leech) .... 313 

3932. Iriqueti-a (GVo^e) .... 314 

3933. atriluna (Giien.) 315 

3934. gonionephra, JInqjsn. . . 315 
393.5. prastexta (Stvinh.) 316 

3936. contusa (Frr.) 317 

3937. placata (Leech) 317 

3938. divisa (Moore) 318 

3939. furvula (Hilbn.) 318 

3940. alsines (Brahm) 319 

3941. iDlanda (Schif.) 320 

3942. ambio-ua (Schif.) 321 

3943. siiperstes (Treit.) 322 

3944. respersa (Schif.) 322 

3945. leucosticta, Hmpsn. . , 323 

3946. interstincta (Moore) . . 324 

3947. loDgiciliata, Hmpsn. . . 324 

3948. fasciata (Moore) 325 

3949. satellitia (Hmpsn.) 325 

3950. conformis ( Wlk.) 326 

3951. pulmonaris (Esp.) .... 326 
31)52. flava (ObertL) 327 

3953. fusca (Leech) 328 

3954. morosa (Led.) 328 

3955. rebel! (Siaud.) 329 

3956. roiigemonti (Spider) . . 329 

3957. jiirassica (Migfjenbach) . 330 

3958. selini (Boisd.) 331 

3959. flavirena (Guen.) 331 

3960. vuUschlegeli (Filnff.) . . 332 

3961. selinoides (Bell.) 333 

3962. menetriesi (Kretschmar) 333 

3963. bremusa (Swinh.) 334 

3964. UQultifera ( Wlk.) 334 

3965. liimalevica (KoU.) .... 335 

3966. chinensis {Leech) 336 

3967. clavipalpis ( Scop.) 336 

3968. extima ( Wlk.) 337 

3969. giisea (Ev.) 338 

3970. hispanica (Mab.) 339 

3971. iiigrata (Stand.) 339 

3972. albina (Ev.) 340 

3973. terrea (Frr.) 340 

3974. f usicoruis (Rmbr. ) 341 

3975. melauosticta, iZ^//?^s«. . . 342 

3976. Havipuncta, Hmpsn. . . 343 

3977. croceipuiicta, Hmpsn. . . 343 

3978. germaini (Http.) 344 

3979. obtusa (Hmpsn.) 344 

3980. ignava (Guen.) 345 

3981. pigra (Guen.) 346 

3982. sincera (Stvinh.) 346 

3983. placida (Moore) 347 

3984. coguata (Moore) 347 

3985. singula (Moschl.) 348 

8986. heliastis; Hmpsn. .... 348 



3987. anoniceosis, Hmpf^n. 

3988. albirena (Hmpsn.) . 

3989. leuconephra, Hmpsn 

3990. bicoruis (Hmpsn.) . 

3991. mernlis (Morr.) . . . 

3992. nielanopis, Hmpsn. . 

3993. glaiica (Hmjjsn.) . . . 

3994. melanepbra, Hmpsn. 

3995. atrireiia (-ffw/«?i.)' . 

3996. absorbens ( IF//.;.) . 

3997. pallicornis (Feld:) . 

3998. pertiiiax (Stand.) . 

3999. vicina (Stand.) . . . 

4000. flavitincta, Hmpsji. 

4001. stygia, Hmpi^n. . . . 

4002. paupera (Christ.) . 

4003. morpheus (Hiifn.) . 

4004. aescbria, Hmpsn.. . . 

4005. iiitens [Saalni.) . . 

4006. funesta ( Stand.) . . 

4007. gluteosa (Treit.). . 

4008. tarda (6?MPw.) 

4009. smintha (Hmpsn.) 

4010. aspersa (Bmbr.) . . 

4011. maculatra (Lower) 

4012. bimacula (Wlk.).. 

4013. maurella (Stand.) 

4014. hypereet-cbra, Hmpsn 

4015. variana (Swinh.) . . . 

4016. g-ilva (Bonz.) ..... 

4017. drasteroides (Smith) 

4018. tlxseni (Christ.) . .. 

4019. casearia (Stand.) . . . 

4020. nielanuriua (Stand.) 
Prometnpus, Gue^i 

4021. flavicollis (Leech) . 

4022. albistigma (Sirinh.) 

4023. horologa (Meyr.) . 

4024. inassueta (Gue?i.) . 

4025. nodyna, Turner . . . 
Eremocbroa, Meyr 

4026. psammias, Meyr. . . . 

4027. tbermidora, Hquj^sii. 

4028. niacropa (Lower) . 

4029. paradesma, Lower . 

4030. alphitias, Meyr. . . . 
Micropia, Hmpsn 

4031. rbodoceatra (Loicer) 
Ompbaletis, Hmpsn 

4032. florescens ( Wlk.) . 

4033. passalota (Turner) . 

4034. exundans (Guen.) . 

4035. beliosema (Lower) . 

4036. niina (Guen.) 

4037. melodora (Lower) . 

4038. metaneura (Loioer). 



Page 
349 
349 
350 
350 
351 
351 
352 
352 



354 
.-^54 
355 
355 
356 
357 
357 
357 
358 
359 
359 
360 
360 
361 
362 
362 
363 
363 
364 
364 
365 
365 
366 
366 
367 
367 
367 
.•168 
369 
369 
370 
370 
371 
371 
372 
372 
373 
373 
.-574 
374 
374 
376 
377 
377 
378 
379 



STSTKMATIC INDEX. 



Oinphaletis (am..). Page 

4039. sarcomorpha (Lower) . . 380 

4040. petrodora (Lower) .... 381 

4041. xerampelina ( 7 wraer) . . 381 

4042. plintbina (Turner) 382 

4043. etliiopica, Ilmpsn 382 

Ariathisa, Wlk 383 

4044. ochroleuca (Loiver) .... 383 

4045. pelosticta (Lower) 383 

4046. endesma (Lotver) .... 384 

4047. coruuta (Lotver) ...... 385 

4048. euchroa (Lower) 385 

4040. angasi (Feld.) 386 

4050. araathodes ( Turner) . . 386 

4051. excisa (IIerr..Schdff:).. 387 

4052. semilima (Hmpsn.) 388 

4053. tortisigna ( Wlk.) .... 390 
^054, cbrysospila (Lotver) . . 391 

4055. paragypsa (Lotcer) .... 392 

4056. gypsina [Lower] 392 

4057. paratorna (Lotver) .... 393 

4058. cliionopasta, Hmpsn. . . 393 

4059. cyanoloma (Lotver) .... 394 

4060. calliniera (Lower) 394 

4001. etoniana (Lotoer) .... 396 

4062. bydraBcioides (Gr'zie?t.) . . 395 

4063. marginalis ( Wlk.) .... 396 

4064. microspila (Loiver) .... 397 

4065. atraoscopa (Lotver) .... 397 

4066. coQfinis ( Wlk.) 398 

4067. \to\\oc\'OS»di. (Turner) .. 398 

4068. porphyrepcens (Lotver) . 399 

4069. bistrgula ( Wlk.) .... 399 

4070. capularis (Guen.) .... 400 

4071. comma ( Wlk.) 400 

4072. atra (Guen.). 401 

4073. microdes (Lotver) .... 402 

4074. atrisquaraata (Lotver) . 403 

4075. cryphaea (TVwcr) .... 403 

4076. heterogama (Lotver) . . 404 

4077. monochroa (Loiver) . , 404 

4078. adelpbodes (Lotver) . . 405 

4079. leucosticta ( Turner) , . 405 

4080. interferens ( Wlk.) 406 

4081. flexirena ( Wlk.) 406 

4082. adelopa (Lower) 407 

4083. nycteris ( Turner) 407 

4084. basisticha ( Turner) .... 408 

4085. striolata (Butl.) 408 

4086. acallis (Turner) 409 

4087. melaiiogi-ap]ia( Zurner). 409 
Acopa, Harv 410 

4088. pacitica, H. Edw 410 

4089. carina, Haro 410 

4090. iijcana. H. Edw 411 

4091. perpallida, Grote 412 

Acosmetia, Steph. .......... 412 

4002. tenuipennis, Hmpsn. . . 412 



4093. caliginosa (Hilbn.) 413 

4094. arida, de Joan 414 

Petilampa, Auriv 414 

4095. minima (Hmvorth) . . . . 414 

4096. palustris (Hilbn.) 415 

4097. anotba (Dyar) 41(i 

4098. camina (Smith) 417 

Amefrontia, Hmpsn 417 

4099. purpurea, Hmpsn 41 7 

Ethiopica, Htnpsn 418 

4100. vinosa (Hmpsn.) 418 

4101. cu-pricolor A (Hmpsn.). . 419 

4102. polyastra, Hmpsn 419 

4103. hesperonota, Hmpsn. . , 420 

4104. micra (Hmpsn.) 420 

4105. asteropa, Hmpsn 421 

Paromphale, Hmpsn 421 

4106. cffica (Stvinh.) 421 

Hypoperigea, Hmpsn 422 

4107. albonotata (Hmpsn.) . . 423 

4108. leprosticta (Hmpsn.) . . 423 

4109. turpis ( Wlk.) 424 

4110. tonsa (Guen.) 425 

4111. liEemorrhanta, Turner . 425 
Dysmilichia, Speiser 426 

4112. rw^aYxs (Beth.-Baker). . 426 

4113. geraella (Leech) 427 

4114. calamistrata (Moore) . . 428 
4116. pfirigeta ((ScAffJis) .... 428 

4116. bicyclica (Stand.) 429 

Proxenus, Herr.-Schiiff. 430 

4117. hospes (Frr.) 430 

4118. xantholopba (Zf»H/jsn.). 431 

4119. dissimilis (/SoMJ^A) 431 

4120. xanthopis, Hmpsn 432 

4121. fragosa I Grote) 433 

4122. distracta (Lv.) 433 

4123. tenuis (Butl.) 434 

4124. lepigone (Moschl.) 4-34 

4125. iiiteus (Di/ar) 435 

4126. mir&ndia. (Grote) 435 

4127. hennia (Stot'nk.) 436 

4128. insipida (Strei;k.) 436 

4129. cinerea (Alph.) 436 

4130. tristis (Brem.) 437 

Mesotrosta, Led 437 

4131. signalis (Treit)., 437 

Haemassia, Htnpsn 438 

4132. renalis (Hilbn.) 438 

Galgula, Guen 439 

4133. subapicalis, Hmpsn 440 

4134. partita (Guen.) 440 

4135. castra, Schaus 441 

Micrathetis, Hmpsn 442 

4136. canifimbria ( Wlk.) 442 

4137. triplex ( Wlk.) 443 

4138. dasarada (Bruce) 444 



SYSTEMATIC IXDEX. 



xni 



Page 

Htygiathetis, Hmpsn 444 

41;39. nuis {Hin2)sn.) 445 

Crambodes, Ouen, . 445 

4140. talidiformis, Guen 446 

Plfityseiita., Grote 447 

4141. temecula, Barnes 447 

4142. discistriga (Smith) .... 448 
4148. videns {Guen.) 448 

4144. albipuncta, Smith. ..... 449 

Gonodes, Hvipsn 450 

4145. dianiphea, D. Jones. . . , 450 

4146. albitissa, Bruce 451 

4147. obli'^ua, Bruce 452 

4148. liquida (Moschl.) ...... 452 

4149. aroensis (Schaus) 453 

Ealsa, Wik. . 454 

4150. malana (Fitch) . 454 

4151. tristrigella ( JFlk.) 456 

4152. Uhecula (Grote) 456 

Mnnndos, Guen 457 

4153. cuprescens, Hmpsn 457 

4154. deliriosa ( Wlk.) 458 

4155. ag3'ra (Bruce) ........ 459 

4156. villicosta ( Wlk.) 460 

4157. devara (Bruce) 461 

4158. barbarossa, Hmpsn 461 

4159. vittifera, Hmpsn 462 

4160. antica ( Wlk.) 463 

4161. fuscimacula (Grote). . . . 464 

4162. hyposcota, Hmpsn 464 

4163. itisipida (Bogn.) 465 

4164. deltoides (Moschl.) 465 

4165. uuoicolora, Guen 466 

4166. subnibens (G^jicH.) .... 467 

4167. punctula (Schmis) .... 468 

4168. coiijiitrata {Moore) .... 473 

4169. fissistigma (Hmpsn.) . , 473 

4170. albiviata, Hmpsn 474 

4171. trifissa, Hmpsn 475 

4172. plectilis (Guen.) 475 

4173. atrisecta, Hmpsn 476 

4174. interstriata, Hmpsn. . . 476 

4175. nibrisecta, Hmpsn 477 

4176. costagna (Schaus) .... 477 

4177. monyiua, Bruce 478 

4178. agrotiaa (Guen?) 478 

4179. proleiica, Hmpsn 479 

4180. subobliqua (Wlk.) 479 

4181. jalapeusis (Schaus) .... 480 

4182. Versicolora {Grote) 481 

4183. cbaicedonia (Hiibn.) . . 482 

4184. festivoides {Guen.) 482 

4185. exeaa (Guen.) 483 

4186. obliquirena, H77ipsn. . . 484 

4187. ensina {Barnes) 485 

4188. polysticta, B. Jones .... 485 



Page 

4189. apioalis (Schaus) ..... 486 

4190. pallescens, Hmj)sn 486 

4191. hemipolia, Bruce 487 

4192. pha3opera, Hmpsn 488 

4193. iiiveiplaga (Schaus) .... 488 

4194. leucomela, Bofpi 489 

4195. mastera (Schaus) -. 490 

4196. marmorata (Schaus) . . 490 

4197. seminifa, Bruce ...... 491 

4198. repanda (Schaus) 491 

4199. basistigma ( W/k.) 492 

4200. heinileiica, I). Jones . . 493 
4201 YeimstwVd ( Hiihn.) 49;i 

4202. phiBoplaga, B. Jones . . 495 

4203. chlorozoua, B. Jones . . 495 

4204. bertha {Schaus) 496 

4205. sanctanna (Guen.) .... 496 

4206. rubripicta, Hmpsn 497 

4207. leucostigma, Bruce .... 498 

4208. algama (Schaus) 498 

4209. pulchra (Bruce) 499 

4210. orblciilata {Schaus) 499 

421 1 . chionopis, Bruce 500 

4212. thoracica (Schaus) ,501 

4213. castrensis (Schaus) .... ,501 

4214. cenicieota (Bof/n.) .... 502 

4215. stelligera (Schaus) 503 

4216. mesomela, Bogn 503 

4217. cadema (Schaus) ...... 504 

4218. flaviorbis, Boi/n 504 

4219. callopistrica, Hmpsn. . . 505 

4220. RCEiSte {Rerr.-Schaff.) .. 505 

4221. langia (Bruce) 508 

4222. bastula (Schaus) 507 

4223. tenebrosa, Bo(/n. ...... 507 

4224. stygiata, Hmpsn 508 

4225. hpetnassa, Hmpsn. ..... 508 

4226. miochroa, B. Jones .... 509 

4227. grata (Hiibn.) 510 

4228. steiionephra, Hmjjsn. , . 510 

4229. lentilinea, Hmpsn 511 

4230. targa (Schaus) 512 

4231. atrisigna, Hmpsn 512 

4232. jonea {Schaus) 613 

4233. editha (Schnits) 513 

4234. lifchodia (Schaus) . . 514 

4235. thionaris {Schaus) .... 514 

4236. yiresoens {Schaus) .... 515 
42.37. stenelea (Schaus) 516 

4238. costipnncta (Schaus) . . 516 

4239. ditriiroiia, B. Jones .... 517 

4240. bucephalina (Mab.) 517 

Neomilichia, Hmpsn 518 

4241. caternaulti ( &'jze?i. ) .... 518 

4242. hylea (Cram.) 519 

4243. veprecola (Swinh.) .... 520 



SYSTEM ATrC INDEX. 



Page 

Hadjina, Stand 521 

4L>44. radiata {Leech) 521 

4245. biguttiila {Motsch.) 523 

424B. carcaroda {Dist. ) 524 

4247. illustrata {Stand.) .... 524 

4248. cupieipennis (Moore) . . 525 

4249. chiuensis ( WUgrn.) .... 525 

4250. Yichti {Hirsch'ke) 526 

4251. cinerea, Jlinjysn 526 

4252. lutosa, Stand 527 

4253. heata {Stand.) 527 

4254. atrinota, Hmpsn 528 

4255. modestissima (S?2ell.) . . 528 

4256. viscDsa {Frr.) 529 

4257. palfestiuensis (>S'/!rt«<f^.) .. 530 

4258. poliastis {Hmpsn.) .... 530 

4259. feiTugiiiea {South) .... 531 

4260. pyroxantha {Hvipsn.) . . 531 

4261. grisea {H')nps7i.) 532 

4262. pallida {Leech) 532 

I'rocrateria, Hmpsn 533 

4263. pterota, Hmpsn 633 

4264. noloides, Hmpsn 534 

Xyloiucea, Staud 534 

4265. Ifetrina (Druce) 535 

4266. didonea {Smith) 536 

4267. graminea (Gires.) .... 536 
Iluacodes, Hinjjsn 537 

4268. tela {Smith) 537 

Amiana, Di/ar 538 

4269. Isetabilis {S7nith) 538 

4270. continens {H Edu\) . . 539 

4271. niama, Dyar 540 

Catamecia, Staud 540 

4272. furtiva (Swinh.) 541 

4273. connectens {Hmpsn.) . . 542 

4274. deceptrix (Staud.) 542 

4275. minima {Swi7iA.) 543 

4276. jordana, Staud 543 

4277. contvita (Christ.) 544 



Page 

Namangann, Staud 544 

4278. pectinicoriiis {Hmpsn.) 545 

4279. licentiosa (Smith) 545 

4280. alfceni (Grote) 546 

4281. minor (Butl.) 547 

4282. praecuta (Smith) 547 

4283. adela {Hmpsn.) 548 

4284. cashmirensis (Moore) . . 550 

4285. atrescens {Hn)2)sn.). . . . 550 

4286. canoa (Barnes) 551 

4287. atripars, Hmps?i 552 

4288. abalus {Smith) 552 

4289. vuluerea (Grote) 552 

4290. flavistriga (Smith) .... 553 

4291. ciei?ice?L, Stand 554 

4292. accm'ata (Christ.) .... 554 

4293. morsa (Smith) 555 

4294. begallo (Barnes) 555 

4295. egestis {S77iith) 556 

4296. leucorena (S7mth) .... 556 

4297. albirena, Hm2)S7i 557 

4298. niveirena (Hai-v.) .... 557 

4299. consors {S7nith) 558 

4300. texana (S77iith) 558 

4301. variata (Schaus) 559 

4302. charada (Schawls) 560 

Carbona, Schaus 560 

4303. obscu'-a, Schaus 560 

Cingalesa, Hmpsn 561 

4304. strigicosta {Hmps7i.) . . 561 
Neostrotia, Hnpsn 562 

4305. nigripalpis (Schaus) .... 562 

4306. malonia (Schaus) 563 

Neomonodes, Hmps7j 564 

4307. bertha (Schaus) 564 

Micromonodes, Hmpsn 565 

4308. mochensis (Schaus) .... 565 

4309. marita (Schaus) bm 

4310. giiarama (Schau,^) .... 567 



CATALOGUE 



LEPIDOPTERA PHAL^NJ^. 



Family NOCTUIUiE. 

Subfamily ACRONYCTINiE {continued). 

The key to the Genera is reprinted, with some additions and correc- 
tions, from Vol. YII. of the Catalogue, with the references to the pages 
of the present volume inserted with the figure (2) before them. 

Kei/ to the Genera. 

A. Fore wing without an areole. 

a. Fore wing with vein 7 stalked with 8, 9. 
a'. Fore wing with vein 10 stalked with 8, 9, 
or 9 absent. 

a'. Frons with pointed corneous process Pachylbpis, p. 

62. Frons with rounded prominence with 
raised edges. 
a^. Proboscis absent ; hind wing with vein 8 
anastomosing with the cell to middle, 

then approximated to it to extremity ... Stomafrontia, (2)p. 223. 
b^. Proboscis fully developed. 
a*. Hind wing with vein 8 approximated to [(2) p. 224. 

the cell to middle Oephalospargeta, 

b*. Hind wing with vein 8 anastomosing 

with the cell near base only Prometopus, (2)p. 367. 

c". Frons with slight rounded prominence. 

a^. Abdomen with dorsal crest at base Ejiarginea, p. 

^3. Abdomen without crests Micrapatetis, p. 

d^. Frons without prominence. 
a^. Abdomen with dorsal series of crests. 
a*. Fore wing with the termen angled at 

middle Neopistria, p. 530. 

b*. Fore wing with the termen evenly curved. 

«5. Fore wing with vein 9 absent Cingalbsa, (2) p. 561. 

6'. Fore wing with vein 9 present Arboricoenis, p. 358. 

b^. Abdomen without crests, 
a"*.' Fore wing with vein 9 absent ; meta- 

thorax with paired crests Neolaphygm.\, (2)p. 266. 

b*. Fore wing with vein 9 present. 

a». Proboscis aborted, small Neolita, p. 

VOL. vm. 3 



2 NOCTUID^. 

b^. Proboscis fully developed. 

af>. Metathomx with spreading crest Neostrotia, (2jp. 562. 

i^. Metathorax without crest, 
a'. Tarsi with the 1st joint tufted with 

scales Loi'iioTARsiA, (2)p. 268. 

b''. Tarsi with the 1st joint not tufted 

with scales Clostkromoupiia, p. 

i'. Fore wing with vein 10 from the cell. 
a-. Abdomen with dorsal series of crests. 
a-*. Pro- and metathorax with spreading crests. 

a*. Proboscis aborted, minute Neomonodes, (2)p. 564. 

i'*. Proboscis fully developed Fkacaka, p. 6U(). 

/A Thorax without crests Chasminodes, p. 

b'^. Abdomen with dorsal crest at base only. 
a^. Pore wing with the termen angled at vein 4. Gonostygia, p. 
^3. Fore wing with the termen strongly 

excurved at middle Ni.oCALYMNiA, p. 

c2. Abdomen withuut crests. 

«3. Frons with rounded prominence Xenopskustis, p. 

b'i. Frons without prominence MicuoMONonBS, (2)p.665. 

b. Fore wing with \eins8,U, 10 stalked, 7 from cell. 
o^. Eyes small, reniform. 

a-. Frons with trUobate process Jantiiinea, p. 

b-. i'roiis with rounded prominence with 
raised edges and central process. 

a?. Palpi upturned Micriantiia, p. 

Ifi. Palpi porrect Aj'austis, p. 

b^. Eyes large, round. 
«-. Frons with transverse corneous plate ...... Xantiiolepjs, p. 

b'^. Frons smooth. 
a^. Fore wing with the termen angled at vein 4. Leucosigma, p. 
b^. Fore wing with the termen nut angled at 

vein 4 Borbotana, p. 584. 

c. Fore wing with veins 8, 9 stalked, 7 and 10 

from cell. 
ai. Frons with bifid corneous plate from middle ; 

abdomen without crests EuTf.RriODES, p. 

Ji. Frons -with i-ounded prominence ; abdomen 

with dorsal crests on basal segments Musotiiyjia, p. 

B. Fore wing with areole. 

a. Fore tibiawith one or more claws on outer side. 
«i. Frons with heart-shaped corneous promi- 
nence Polenta, p. 

6^ Frons with trilobate process NARTUECornoRA, p. 

c'. Frons smooth Centuoi'ODIA, p. 452. 

b. Fore tibia with small claws at inner and outer 

sides ; frons with pointed prominence con- 
nected ty a keel witli the trilobate plate below 
it. which is produced to lateral points below. Par.egle, p. 

c. Fore tibia with large semilunar plate at ex- 

tremity, and large and small claws on inner 

side Triocnemis, p. 

d. Fore tibia with long curved claw on inner 

side and two claws on outer Derrima, p. 

e. Fore tibia with long curved claw on inner 

side and small claw on outer. 
a^. Frons with truncate prominence with raised 

edges PiAGiOiMiMicus, p. 

/)'. Frons smooth, with corneous plate behjw it. Pseudacontia, p. 
/. Fore tibia with claw on inner side only. 
a^. Frons wi h shovel-shaped plate at middle 

and corneous plate below it Pinacoplus, p, 

6'. Frons with pointed prominence with tri- 
lobate plate below it Metjsgle, p. 



iToface p. 2. 



Hw. 

Fo, 

la, 

Escar 



a. Hyj)en 



hoda. 
■oodes. Ch 

Si/ncala-) 

~\ 
.cycla. Bi 

1 
'largia. 2 



'alodes. M 



tocam 



I 
Azem'a. 



licrohelia. Xanthothrix. 



\des. 



TrisfylJeliothodes. Axenus. Janthinea, 



lutricopis. Annaphila. Stemmaphora. Micriantha. 



'adinocera 



Pseudacontia. Mydrodoxa. 



ia. Pseuidalima. Ccenotoca. Fanemeria. Copanarta. Baphcsniora. 



Cat. Lep. Phil B. il. voL v 



PHTLOGENY OF THE ACRONYUTIN^. 
























Acrapex. - Nonaqria. 


Wri».. 


Betamia. Arglfroipila. 




\ Syiotiola. Conu 


■oj^nha. 



lahrsMit. JfgymlrolU. Ifto paina. 

'knurmla. Calpiforntii. Data. Enepv^. 












Proxmia. MaUmig, 



Ci/lofht/mia. Megah 



Call yna. Orijlhru. Eulerpia. Pa 




ACRONYCTIN.E. d 

ci. Frons with corneous prominence with raised 
edg(*s and central process. 

o'. Proboscis aborted Centuogone, p. 

b^. Proboscis i'uUy developed. 

cfi. Eyes small, reniforin Xanthotiirix, p. 

b^. Ejes large, round. 
«•*. Thorax clothed with rough scales; pro- 
and metathorax with crests ; patagia 

curled upwards at extreniit)' Chalcoi'asta, p. 

i*. Thorax smoothly clothed with scales. 
ftS. Pro- and metathorax with slight crests. Fota, (2) p. 214. 
6'. Pro- and metathorax without crests ... Antaplaga, p. 
c*. Thorax clothed with hair and hair-like 

scales Calopiiasidia, (2) p. 181. 

d,-^. Thorax clothed witli hair only, the pro- 

and metathorax with spreading crests... Fala, (2)p. 220. 
d^. Frons with corneous prominence with raised 
edges, its lower edge produced to a point. 
«2. Fore wing with the apex prod need and acute. Stiria, p. 

/A Fore wing with the apex round Oierhophanus, p. 

e^. Frons with corneous prominence with 
raised edges not produced to a point. 

a^. Proboscis aborted, minute Metopopi-us, p. 

b'-. ProboHcis fully developed, 
a-*. Fore wing with the termen excurved at 

middle and oblique towards tornus BASiiiODES, p. 

63. Fore wing with the termen evenly curved. Stibadium, p. 
/'. Frons with rounded prominence with 

corneous plate below it Xanthiria, p. 

</'. Frons without prominence. 
Or. Proboscis aborted, small. 
aS. Pro-and metathorax with spreading crests. Pseudoligia, (2)p. 170. 
6^. Protborax without crest, metathorax with 

large crest Oxycnemis, (2)p. 215. 

h^. Proboscis fully developed. 
a^. Thorax smoothly clothed with scales. 
ai. Pro- and metathorax with spreading 

crests COPANAKTA, p. 

b'^. Thorax without crests Leucocne.mis, (2)p. 221. 

63. Thorax roughly clotlied with hair and 

hair-like scales Oentraktiira, (2)p. 284. 

g. Fore tibia without claws. 
«!. Fore tarsus with curved claw-like spines on 
outer side of 1st joint. 
a^. Frons with truncate conical prominence 
with raised edges. 
a?. Pi'oboscis aborted, small ; abdomen with 

dorsal crest at base only Mycteroflus, p. 

63. Proboscis fully developed ; abdomen with- 
out crests. 
a*. Thorax clothed chiefly with scales, the 

metathorax with paired crests Ojiphaletis, (2)p. 374. 

i**. Thorax clothed with hair only and 

without crests Psectrotarsia, p. 

62. Frons with rounded prominence with cor- 
neous plate below it ; proboscis aborted... Micropia, (2)p. 373. 
C'. Frons with vertical ridge. 
«3. Abdomen with dorsal crest at base only... Callargyra, p. 515. 

63. Abdomen without crests Sootocampa, (2)p. 171. 

d". Frons without prominence. 
ft.3. Prothorax with sharp ridge-like crest, 
metathorax with spreading crest ; abdo- 
men with basal crest Ehodcecia, p. . 

b2 



NOCTUIDtE. 

p. Pro- and niehathorax with spreading 

crests; abdomen without crests Pseudohadena, p. 454. 

61. Fore tarsus without claw-like spines on outer 
side of 1st joint. 
a2, jTrons with truncate corneous prominence 
with raised edges, its lower edges pro- 
duced to a trilobate jjlate with corneous 
plate below it. 

. a3. Thorax clothed chiefly with scales Cytothymia, p. 

b^. Thorax clothed with rough hair and hair- 
like scales Megalodes, p. 

i2. Frons with long trilobate process and cor- 
neous plate below it. 
a3. Proboscis aborted, small. 
a*. Palpi oblique, reaching to bejond frons . Azknia, p. 

b*. Palpi porreut, very short Pseudinodes, p. 

b^. Proboscis fully developed. 

a* Eyes small, reniform Stemmapiioea, p. 

b*. Eyes large, round. 
a5. JPalpi extending to just beyond frons. 
«6. Metatliorax with spreading crests ... Tristyla, p. 

66. Thorax without crests Modaria, p. 

¥'. Palpi very short and not reaching as 

far as frons Synthymia, p. 

ci. Fi'ons with long bilobate corneous process. 
a?. Proboscis aborted, small. 
a*. Fronswith long triangular plate belowit. Proturinax, (2)p. 225. 
h-^. Frons with short plate below it excised 
in front. 
a^. Thorax clothed with hair and scales, 
the pro- and metatliorax with spread- 
ing crests Stilbina, (2)p. 168. 

b^. Thorax clothed almost entirely with 

scales and without crests Cycloi'era, p. 

c^. Thorax clothed with hair and hair-like 

scales and without crests Ociirocalama, p. 

c*. Frons without plate below it Archanara, p. 

b'^. Proboscis fully developed. 

a.*. Metathoras with spreading crest Dipinacia, p. 

b*. Metatliorax without crest ^Egle, p. 

d^. Frons with rounded prominence with 
shovel-shaped process at middle and cor- 
neous plate below it. 

d^. Proboscis absent Hypeuthina, (2)p. 169. 

()^. Proboscis aborted, small, 
a.*. Frons with the corneous process some- 
what pointed at extremity and keeled 

below DiPAROPSis, p. 509. 

b-i. Frons with the corneous process not 
pointed or keeled. 

«•■'. Palpi upturned AiiEFRONTtA, (2) p. 417. 

b^. Palpi obliquely porreet Stiriodes, p. 

&'. Proboscis fully developed. 

a-*. Byes small, reniform Apina, p. 

b'. Eyes large, round. 
flS. Thorax clothed chiefly with scales. 
a^. Frons with trilobate plate below it ; 

hind wing with veins 3,4 from cell... Copibry'opiiila, (2)p. 226. 
b^. Frons with triangular plate below it ; 

hind wing with veins 3, 4 stalked ... Prodicella, (2) p. 227. 
c^. Frons with the corneous plate below 
it excised in front ; hind wing with 

vein 5 i'rom well below middle of cell. Albptfna, (2) p. 229, 
6^. Thorax clothed with hair only Ipanka, p. 



ACEONYCTIN"^. i 

e^. Frons with truncate conical prominence 
with raised edges. 
«3. Abdomen with dorsal crests on basal 
segments. 
a-*. Proboscis aborted, minute. 
flS. Fore wing, with the termen and cilia 

strongly dentate Cetola, (2) p. 182. 

i*. Fore wing with the termen and cilia 

slightly crenulate Atrephes, p. 284. 

¥. Proboscis fully developed. 
«■'. Thoi-ax with slight double ridge-like 

crest Stauropides, (2)p. 269. 

b^. Pro- and metathoras with spreading 

crests Speocropia, p. 2.')5. 

c5. Prothorax without crest, nietathorax 

with large spreading crest Eudryas, p. 

d^. Thorax without crests. 
o6. Thorax clothed with rough hair and 

scales mixed Paratuerta, p. 

b^. Thorax clothed with hair and hair-like 
scales. 

a7. Palpi upturned Seudyra, p. 

h7. Palpi porrect Gerra, p. 

/;3. Abdomen with dorsal crest at base only. 
a*. Prothorax with spreading crest. 
a5. Frons with flattened vertical process to 

the frontal prominence Ruacodes, (2)p. 537. 

b^. Frons with long central process hollowed 
out ia front to the frontal prominence. 

a6. Proboscis abfirted, minute Syncalama, p. 

68. Proboscis fully developed Hadenella, (2)p. 231. 

CO. Frons without central process to the 
frontal prominence. 

o6. Proboscis aborted Ecbolemi A, p. 448. 

b^. Proboscis fully developed. 
a^. Hind wing with vein 5 from middle 

of discocellulars Catamecia, (2) p. 540. 

b^. Hind wing with vein 5 from below 
middle of discocellulars. 

aS. Frontal prominence large Procrateria, (2)p. 533. 

hs. Frontal prominence small Hypoperigea, (2) p. 422. 

6-*. Prothorax without crest. 
a^. Frons with truncate process in middle 

of prominence Nocloa, p. 

b^. Frons without truncate process in 
middle of prominence. 

a^. Proboscis aborted, small Oslarta, p. 

b*'. Proboscis fully developed. 
a'. Frontal prominence large. 
a^. Palpi upturned, 
ft!". Mesothorax with paired crests ... Iambiodes, p.659. 

?)9. Meso thorax without crest Apocalymnia, p. 

68. Palpi porrect. 

«9. Eyes small, reniform Agaristooes, p. 

b^. Eyes large, round. 
a^". Thorax clothed with hair and 
scales mixed, 
ft^i. Patagia fringed with long rough 

hair and scales Ovios, p. . 

ill. Patagia normal. 
ai2. Abdomen with fan-like crest 

formed of scales Radinocera, p. 

612. Abdomen with tufted crest 

formed of hairs Erocua, p. 



NOCTUID^. 

i^". Thorax clotlied witli hair only. 
«ii. Patngia with the extreinilios 
turned upwards, the meta- 

thorax with paired crests Oerrodes, p. 

ft". Patagia noruial Caularis, p. 

ft'. Frontal prominence very small. 

a^. Palpi upturned Tiiai.atiia, (■2)p. 42. 

b^. Palpi porrect, the '6vd joint down- 
turned and dilated at extremity ... Leucogonia, p. 
?^ Abdomen without dorsal crests. 
o^. Ej-es small, reniform. 
a*. Frontal prominence with its lower edge 

produced to a corneous plate Axenus, p. 

fts. Fronlal prominence with its lower edge 

not produced to a corneous plate. 

«<>. Frontal prominence with central 

process Microhelia, p. 

ft". Frontal prominence without central 

process Heliotiiodes, ]). 

b^. Eyes large, round. 
a^. Frons with beak-shaped process from 

lower edge of prominence C'YrocANis, p. . 

ft^. Frons with flattened plate from lower 

edge of prominence, grooved in front. Oallcecia, p. 
c5. Frons with wedge-shaped process in 

middle of prominence Basilica, p. 

ds<. Frons with rounded truncate process in 

middle of proininence Selentstis, p. 

e^. Fi'ons with vertical ridge in middle of 

prominence Argyriioda, p, , 

/*. Frons without process in middle of 
prominence. 
oC, Frontal pronnnence long. 
aj. Thorax clothed with hair and scales 
mixed ; abdomen smoothly scaled. 
0,8. Palpi upturned, the Srdjointporrect. Idalima, p. 
fts. Palpi porrect. 
a^. Proboscis absent, 
oi". Prothorax with spreading crest . Rabila, p. 

ftjo. Prothorax without crest Erejiociiroa, (■2)p. 370. 

ft9. Proboscis aborted, minute; frontal 

prominence indented below Escaria, (2) p. 228. 

c9. Proboscis fully developed. 
«!". Frons with pointed corneous 

plate below it Molvena, p. 

ftio. Frons without corneous plate 

below it Ehosus, p. 

b"!. Thorax clothed with hair only ; ab- 
domen clothed with rough hair. 

a^. Palpi upturned Auoula, p. 

ft8. Palpi porrect Leu Co vis, p. 

Ifi. Frontal prominence short. 
«". Thorax with broad dorsal ridge of scales, 
a*. Frons with the corneous promi- 
nence large Paracroria, (2)p. 281. 

ft^. Frons with the corneous promi- 
nence small TllYATlRODES, (2)p. 282. 

ft'. Pro- and metathorax with spreading 

crests Hypercaly.mnia, p. 

ci. Metathorax with depressed crest ; 

hind wing with veins 3, 4 stalked ... Parompiiale, (2)p. 421. 
di. Thorax without crests. 
a^. Palpi with the 2nd joint reaching 
vertex of head ; thorax clotlied 
with hair and hair-like scales Stvgiatiietis, (2)p. 444. 



ACEONTCTINiE. 

b^. Palpi with the 2ucl joiut reaching 

middle of fror.s ; thorax clothed 

with hair and scales mixed. 

a^. Palpi upturned, slender ; fore wing 

with the teriuenexcurved at middle 

and oblique towards tornus Satrapodes, p. 

h^. Palpi oblique, short ; fore wing 

with the termen evenly curved ... Dysjiiliohia, (2) p. 426. 
y"2. Frons with pointed prominence. 

«•*. Eyes small, reniform Psyciiomorpiia, p. 

//•*. Eyes large, round. 
«t'*. Abdomen with dorsal crests on basal 
segments. 

«■''. Pi-oboscis aborted, Tuinute Achatodes, p. 

¥'. Proboscist'uUy developed Ca:NoToCA, p. 

dK Abdomen with dorsal crest at base only. 
a^. Prothorax with sharp triangular ridge- 
like crest, the metathorax with divided 

crest Xantiicecia, p. 

ffi. Prothorax with divided crest, meta- 
thorax with spreiding crest Xerociris, p. 

C'"'. Thorax without crests. 
a^. Frons with beak-like pointed process; 
palpi with the 2nd joint very broadly 

scaled Apsarasa, p. 

66. Frons with slight pointed prominence ; 
palpi slender. 

a?. Palpi upturned Mazuca, p. 

b7. Palpi porrect Protoseudyra, p, 

c*. Abdomen without crests. 

«.5. Proboscis aborted, minute Conicoerontia, p. 

b^. Proboscis fully developed. 
a^. Thorax clothed almost entirely with 

scales Microlita, p, 

b^. Thorax clothed with hair and hair- 
like scales CcENOBiA, p. . 

g". Frons with rounded prondnence with trans- 
verse corneous plate at middle square in 

front Phragmatii'iiila, p. 

h^. Frons with roundrd prominence with ver- 
tical ridge at middle. 

a^. Abdomen with dorsal series of crests Eucropia, p. 286. 

63. Abdomen with dorsal crest at base only. 

a\ Palpi upturned Pariambia, p. 660. 

Zc*. Palpi porrect Metaxantiiia, p. 

c3. Abdomen without crests Chrysobcia, p. 

i^- Frons with rounded prominence with 
slight transverse ridge. 
a3. Frons with corneous plate below it. 
a-4. Abdomen with dorsal crests on first two 

segments Ciialcoecia, p. 

b\ Abdomen without crests Proraciiia, (2)p.2."0. 

b^. Frons without corneous plate below it ... ffiniPLExiA, p. 218. 
J^. Frons with rounded pronunence. 
a^. Abdomen with dorsal crests on basal 
segments, 
a*. Proboscis absent, 
a*. Pro- and metathorax with spreading 

crests TUIIIDIFRONTIA, p. 

65. Pro- and metathorax without crests ... Mionides, p. 616. 
6*. Proboscis fully developed. 
aP. Pro- and metathorax with spreading 

crests CEderemia, p. 405. 

6\ Pi-o- and metathorax without crests, 
a*". Thorax smootldy clothed with scales 

only GoENYCTA, (2)p. 49. 



NOCTUII)^. 

b<'. Thorax clothed with rough hair and 

scales mixed Zalissa, p. 

h'K Abdomen with dorsal crest at base only, 
tt"*. Prothorax with spreading crest. 
a^. Fore wing with the termen oblique 
towai'ds torn us. 
«6. Fore wing with scale-tooth at tornus . Ectoiofiia, p. 
b''. Fore wing without scale- tooth at 

tornus Xylom(ea, (2)p. 534. 

Z>5. Fore wing with the termen evenly curved. 
flB. Build stout. 
«<■. Fore wing with the termen crenulate. Amiana, (2) p. 538. 
b''. Fore wing with the termen not 

crenulate Matopo, (2)p. 185. 

b'^. Build slender Nboajilichia, (2)p. 518. 

h*. Prothorax without crest. 
aP. Thorax clothed chiefly with scales. 
a^. Fore wing with the apex produced, 

the termen obliquely curved Fotei,la, (2)p. 232. 

b^. Fore wing with the apex not pro- 
duced, the termen more erect. 
a7. AntennjE laminate, almost simple ... Tycracona, (2)p. 50. 
Z)'. Antenna ciliated. 
ftS. Fore wing narrow, the margins sab- 
parallel Beyolt.mkia, p. 

b^. Fore wing triangular Trichocosaiia p. 

b^. Thorax clothed with hair only Erythececia, p. 

c3. Abdomen without dorsal crests. 
a.-*. Eyes small, elliptical. 
a^. Thorax clothed with rough hair and scales. Annaphii.a, p. 

h^. Thorax smoothly scaled Mesotkosta, (2)p. 437. 

b*. Eyes large, round. 
a^. Metathorax with crest. 
a^. Prothorax with spreading crest. 

«'. Proboscis absent Acopa, ('2) p. 410. 

b^. Proboscis aborted, small H^massia, (2)p. 438. 

c'i. Proboscis fully developed Cea, p. 

Z)6. Prothorax without crest. 
a'. Proboscis aborted, minute. 
a*. Thorax clothed with hajr and scales 

mixed Leiometopon, (2)p. 172. 

b^. Thorax clothed with hair only Sphida, p. 

b^. Proboscis fully developed Rhabinopteryx, (2)p.287. 

55. Metathorax without crest. 
3*5. Thorax clothed almost entirely with 
scales. 

a'. Proboscis aborted Merolecca, p. 687. 

b'i. Proboscis fully developed. 
ftS. Frons with corneous ridge above ... Neumoegenia, p. 
b^. Frons without corneous ridge above. 
«8. Fore wing with the apex rather 

produced and acute Xylostola, p. 

/>9. Fore wing with the apex rounded . Acosmetja, (2) p. 412. 
b^. Thorax clothed with hair and hair- 
like scales Arcilasisa, p. 

c5. Thorax clothed with hair only Oxythres, p. 

X"2. Frons with vertical jElattened process with 
rounded edge. 

cv^. Abdomen with dorsal series of crests EjiBOLfECiA, p. 

b'i. Abdomen with dorsal crest at base only... Copifeontia, p. 
1-. Frons with transverse ridge. 

a'i. Abdomen with dorsal series of crests Antha, (2)p. 274. 

b^. Abdomen with dorsal crest at baee only, 
ft*. Pro- and metathorax with spreading 

crests Leuconycta, (2)p. 35. 

b*. Pro- and metathorax without crests Polygrammata, p. 689. 



ACRON'TCTIN'^. e* 

w?2. Fi'ons smooth and wiUiont prominence, 
a**. Proboscis aborted or absent. 
«■*. Abdomen with dorsal series of crests. 
a&. Prothorax without crest, metathorax 

with spreading crest ,. Bryomcea, p. 615. 

b^. Thorax without crests. 

«6. Palpi upturned, thickly scaled Aciiehdoa, p. 591. 

/A Palpi porrect, slander Pouobrya, p. 617. 

J"*. Abdomen with dorsal crest at base only. 
65. Thorax clothed almost entirely with 
scales. 

o6. Prothorax with divided crest Phaleroues, p. 

b^. Prothcrax without crest. 
a'. Palpi with the 2nd joint reaching 

vertex of head Plusilla, p. 590. 

6'. Palpi with the 2nd joint reaching 

about middle of frons Bryoleuca, p. 686. 

J». Thorax clothed with hair and hair-like 
scales. 
a^. Pro- and metathorax with spreading 

crests Calamistis, p. 

b^. Pro- and metathorax without crests. 
a''. Fore wing very narrow and produced 

at apex Eitlonciie, (2)p. 162.__^ 

b7. Pore wing triangular Mekoloncue, (2)p. 165. 

c*. Abdomen without crests. 
«5. Thorax clothed chiefly with scales. 
a6. Hind wing with vein 8 anastomosing 

with the cell to near extremi.y Acylita, p. 

^6. Hind wing with vein 8 anastomosing 

with the cell to middle Doerriesa, p. 

c^. Hind wing with vein 8 anastomosing 
with the cell near base only. 
«". Pro- and metathorax with spreading 

crests Etuiopica, (2) p. 418. 

¥. Pro- and metathorax without crests. 
«8. Palpi with the hair at extremity of 
2nd joint produced to a point, the 

SrdJDOrrect Dantona, p. 

b^. Palpi with the 2nd joint slightly 
fringed with hair in front. 
«9. Palpi witii the 3rd joint porrect... Cilla, p. 
b^. Palpi with the 3rd joint upturned. Amolita, p. 
65. Thorax clothed with hair and hair-like 
scales. 
flG. Pro- and metathorax with spreading 
crests. 
«>. Palpi upturned ; fore wing with the 
termen nob crenulate. 
aS. P'ore wing with the termen oblique 

towards tornus Nonagrh, p. 

/j8. Fore wing with the termen evenly 

curved Sblicanis, p. 

b7. Palpi porrect ; fore wing with the 

termen crenulate Margelana, p. 449. 

l^. Thorax without crests, 
a'. Fore wing with the apex produced 
and acute ; hind wing with veins 3, 
4 usually stalked, 5 from below 

middle of discocellulars Acrapex, p. 

6'. Fore wing with the apex not pro- 
duced; hind wing with veins 3, 4 
from cell, 5 from middle of disco- 
cellulars. 
a«. Palpi upturned ; frons with large 

tuft of hair Spiietta, p. 



10 NOCTtriD.T;. 

l>^. Palpi porrect ; frons witliout tuft 

oChair Petilampa, (2) p. 414. 

c'->. Tliorax clothed with hair only. 

a^'. Metathorax with spreading crest Bellura, p, . 

i''. Thorax witiioiit crests. 

ft". Palpi upturned Sesajiia, p. , 

b' . Palpi porrect. 
a**. Fore wing with the apex produced 

and acute Simyra, (2)]). 173. 

h^. Fore wing with the apex rounded... Eogena, (2jp. 179. 
fr*. Pi-oboscis fully developed, 
a^. Abdomen with dorsal series of crests. 
a^. Thorax with double ridge-like crest. 
aK Thorax clotiied chiefly with scales. 
«'. Palpi with the 2nd joint broadly 

angled with hair in front Ohtiiogonica, p. 45. 

h'. Palpi with the 2nd joint moderately 

fringed with hair in front. 
«*. Fore wing long and narrow, the 
termen not excised towards tornns. 
a^. TeguljB produced at a slight dorsal 

ridge Delta, (2)p. 190. 

b^. TeguliB not produced to a dorsal 
ridge, 
(jrio Frons tufted with hair, 
a'^ Fore wing very nari'ow, the 

termen very obliquely curved. Magusa, p. 55. 
i^'. Fore wing broader, the termen 

more erect Pauasticutis, p. 76. 

fiio. Fi'ons smooth witli a slight cor- 
neous plate below it Xylomyges, (2)p. 271. 

IP. Fore wing shorter, the termen ex- 
cised towards tornus. 
ao. Palpi with the 2nd joint reacliing 

to about vertex of head Stenopterygia, p. 61. 

Z»9. Palpi with the 2nd joint reaching 
to about middle of frons. 

o.^". Frons tufted with hair Dipterygia, p. 64. 

ftio. Frons smoothly scaled Ackouia, (2) p. 276. 

bs. Thorax clothed with hair and hair-like 

scales Agropeiuna, p. 39S. 

Ip. Thorax with broad ridge-like crest Eukabila, p. 109. 

6-5, Prothorax with triangular crest. 
«6. Thorax clothed chiefly with scales ... Lopiiotyna, p. 
b^. Thorax clothed with hair and hair-like 

scales Pulciieria, (2)p. 213. 

c^. Thorax clothed with hair only. 
«'. Fore wing with the termen excised 

below vein 4 Trigonopiiora, p. 486. 

b''. Fore wing with the termen evenly 
curved. 
a^. Abdomen with the crests mixed with 

scales CnuTAPiiA, p. 491. 

b^. Abdomen with the crests formed of 

hair only Habryntis, p. 498. 

d^. Pro-, meso- and metathorax with large 

divided crests Mania, p. 49. 

e^. Pro- and metathorax with divided crests. 
a^. Thorax clothed chiefly with scales. 

fl^ Abdomen dorsally flattened Oiiecupa, p. 111. 

b^. Abdomen not dorsally flattened. 
a^. Fore wing with vein 5 nearly 
straight, from just below middle 

of discocellulars Euplexidia, p. 110. 

b^. Fore wing with vein 5 curved, from 

just above lower angle of cell Trachea, p. 113. 



ACEONYCTIN^. 11 

JG. Thorax clotbed with hair and hair-like 

scales Paratraciiea, p. 21(). 

JK Prothorax with spreading crest, meta- 

thorax with divided crest Polypii/Exis, p. G67. 

^». Prothorax with long oblique flattened 
crest. 

ftf. JVIetathorax with divided crest Papaipema. p. 

Ifi. Metathorax with spreading crest Ogdoconta, p. 

hfl. Pro- and metathorax with spreading 
crests. 
«G. Thorax clothed chiefly with scales. 
a'l. Fore wing with slight scale-tooth at 
toriius. 
aS. Abdomen with long forked crest on 

2nd segment Argyrostrotis. p. 517. 

ly^. Abdomen without forked crest on 
2nd segment. 
a9. Fore wing with the termeu more 
or less angled at vein 4, then 

oblique Eriopus, p. .531. 

}fi. Fore wmg with the termen angled 

at vein 3, then dentate Cosmodes, (2)p. 17. 

c9. Fore wing with the termen evenly 

curved, dentate Data, p. 526. 

h'. Fore wing without scale-tooth at 
tornus. 
ftS. Palpi with the 3rd joint porrect. 
ffiS. Palpi with the 2nd joint reaching 

vertex of head, the'3rd long Angara, p. 249. 

69. Palpi with the 2nd joint reaching 
about middle of frous, the 3rd 
short. 
«io. Abdomen with large dorsal crest 

on 3rd segment Telesilla, p. ,587. 

i'o. Abdomen with the dorsal crests 

sliglit Anduopolia, (2)p. 199. 

l)^. Palpi with the 3rd joint upturned. 
«9. Palpi with the 3rd joint long and 

dilated at extremity, 
fli". Fore wing witli the termen ex- 
curved at middle and excised 

towards tornus Vespoj.a, p. 

61", Fore wing with the termen evenly 

curved Cropia, p. 260. 

V^. Palpi with the 3rd joint very long, 
not dilated, in male tufted with 
long hair on inner side and re- 
curved over head Corytiiurus, p. 360. 

c9. Palpi with the 3rd joint shorter 
and not dilated, 
a'". Fore wing with the cilia strongly 

dentate towards tornus Perigeodes, p. 287. 

h^^. Fore wing with the cilia slightly 
crenulate. 
all. Palpi with the 2nd joint reach- 
ing vertex of iiead. 
«!-. Abdomen with very large 
crests on 3rd and 4th seg- 
ments ; build slender Ciiytonix, p. 600. 

IP'. Abdomen with the crests on 
medial segments equal ; build 
stout. 
a}-'^. Thorax and fore wing roughly 

scaled HRTEROcnROMA, p. 271. 



12 NOCTUID.'E. 

b^^. Thorax and fore wing smootlily 

scaled Perigba, p. 292. 

ill. Palpi with the 2Dd joint reach- 
ing ahout middle of frons. 
ai2. Abdomen with large crest on 

3rd segment ; build stout ... Euplexia, p. 219. 
lA". Abdomen with large crest on 

4th segment ; build slender... Microplexia, p. 354. 
ci2. Abdomen with the crests on 
medial segments equal. 
ai3. Fore wing with the apex 
rectangular and somewhat 

acute ... GORTYNA, p. . 

5i3_ Fore wing with the apex 

rounded Oligia, p. 361. 

b^. Thorax clothed with hair and hair-like 

scales. 

a^. Prothorax with the crest long, meso- 

thorax with small paired crests ; 

abdomen with very large double 

crest at base Acroriodes, (2) p. 279. 

6'. Abdomen without large double crest 
at base. 
a^. Tegulse produced to a slight dorsal 

ridge Apamea, p. 

b^. Tegul^ not produced to a dorsal 
ridge. 

«9. Thorax qnadrately scaled Lithomoea, (2) p. 208. 

b^. Thorax not quadrately scaled, 
flio. Thorax clothed with long rough 

hair and hair-like scales Daseocii.eta, (2)p. 22. 

610. Thorax smoothly clothed with 

hair and hair-like scales Eremobia, p. 409. 

c6. Thorax clothed with hair only Teichoplexia, p. 482. 

is. Prothorax without distinct crest. 
tt6. Thorax clothed chiefly with scales. 
a''. Palpi with the 2nd joint reaching 
vertex of head, the 3rd long. 
a^. Palpi with the 3rd joint porrect ... Pseuderastria, p. 614. 
h^. Palpi with the 3rd joint upturned... Bkyophila, p. 618. 
6'. Palpi with tiie 2nd joint reaching 
about middle of frons, the 3rd short, 
e^. Abdomen with very large crest on 
4th segment. 
a^. Metathorax with very large crest 

of long spatulate scales Harrisuiemna, p. 648, 

b^. Metathorax with moderate crest ... Cer.ma, p. 651. 
b^. Abdomen with the crests small. 
«9. Fore wing with the termen oblique 

towards torn us Zambia, p. 654. 

fe9. Fore wing with the termen evenly 
curved, 
o.io. Fore wing long and narrow, 
all. Fore wing wit^h the termen 

erect / Calogramma, (2)p. 238. 

ftii. Fore wing w;th the termen 

obliquely cur''ed Prodenia, (2) p. 240. 

610. Fore wing short ano brr^sid Craniopiiora, (2)p. 51. 

b^. Thorax clothed with hair and hair-iike 
scales. 
a'. Mesothorax with paired crests, patagia 

curled upwards at extremity Canna, (2) p. 19. 

N. Mesothorax without crests, patiigia 

not curled upwards at extremity ... Co:<seev0La, p. 499. 



ACRONYCTIN^, 13 

ys. Tliorax without crests, 
ft". Thorax clothed chiefly with scales. 
aj. Palpi smoothly scaled and flattened 
against frons ; fore wing narrow 

with the margins Bubparallel Clethrorasa, p. 

W. Palpi not flattened against frons and 
with a tuft of scales at extremity of 

2nd joint; fore wing triangular ... Neopii.ems, p. 681. 
Ifi. Thorax clothed with hair and hair- 
like scales ■. Fagitana, p. 592. 

icf. K bdomen with dorsal crest at base only. 
«5. Pro- and metathorax with divided 

crests Oalpiformis, p. .504. 

h'>. Prothorax with sharp triangular crest, 

metathorax with divided crest Macronoctua, p. 431. 

c5. Prothorax with sharp triangular crest, 

metathorax with spreading crest Hydrcecia, p. 

dp. Prothorax with ridge-like crest, meta- 
thorax with spreading crest Androly.mnia, p. 

e>. Thorax with slight dorsal ridge-like 

crest Pyrriiia, p. 

/s. Pro- and metathorax with spreading 

crests. 

ftfi. Thorax clothed chiefly with scales. 

(i1. Pro- and metathorax with the ci-ests 

formed of very long spatulate scales. 

a^. Fore wing with the apex produced 

and acute Pcecilograiima, p. 

}fl. Fore wing with the apex rounded... Opsyra, p. 
h~'. Prothorax with long flattened crest 

projecting backwards. 
«8. Fore wing with the termen excised 

below apex and excurved at middle. Geroda, p. 
h^. Fore wing with the termen evenly 

curved Macapta, p. 

c". Prothorax with short spreading crest, 
a*. Mesothorax with slight paired 

crests Crambodks, (2) p. 445. 

Ifi. Mesothorax without crests. 
a9. Palpi upturned, the 2nd joint 
reaching vertex of head. 
«'o. Build sleuder. 
all. Hind wing with vein 5 from 
middle of discocellulars. 
«12. Foi'e wing with the termen 

excised from apex to middle. Gonodes, (2) p. 450. 
h^". Fore wing with the termen ^ 

evenly curved. 
dS''. Fore wing with the apex 
somewhat produced and 

acute Platvsenta, (2)p. 447. 

^13. Fore wing with the apex 

rounded Monodes, (2)p. 4.57. 

511. Hind wing with vein 5 from 

below middle of discocellulars. Hadjina, (2)p. 521. 

ftio. Build stout Monoptya, p. 432. 

}fi. Palpi upturned, the 2nd joint 
reaching about to middle of fious. 

ffio. Thorax roughly scaled Hypoplexia, p. 426. 

5'i'. Thorax smoothly scaled, 
all. Palpi with the 3rd joint porrect. 
ai2_ Tegulse produced to a slight 

dorsal ridge and hood Catabena, (2) p. 234. 

Ji'. Tegulse normal Najiangana, (2)p. 544. 



14 NOCTUIDJJ. 

jn. Pulpi with the 3rd joint up- 
turned. 
ai2. Fore wing with tufts of raised 

scales on the stigmata Pii^orYUA, p. 19. 

b^~. Fore wing without tufts of 

raised scales on the stigmata. Euro.moea, p. 425. 
&■>. Palpi obliquely porrect, extending 

about tlie length of head Balsa, (2) p. 454. 

^6. Thorax clothed with hair and hair-like 
scales. 
aJ. Palpi with the 3rd joint long and 

porrect Rhynciioplexia, p. 433. 

b'^. Palpi with the 3rd joint short. 
a^. Palpi with the2ncl joint reaching to 

about vertex of head, build slender. T/ENiosea, p. 430. 
b^. Palpi with the second joint reacii- 
ing to about middle of frons. 
a". Fore wing with the apex produced 

and acute Ciiiripiia, (2)p. 237. 

b^. Fore wing with the apex rounded, 
aio. Fore wing with the termen 

oblique towards tornus Hek.ema, p. 429. 

i'". Fore wing with the ternieu not 

oblique towards tornus Sidemia, p. 435. 

f*'. Thorax clotlied with hair only Lasiplexia, p. 483. 

</^. Prothcrax without crest, metathorax 
with sprending crest. 
a^. Thorax clothed almost entirely with 
scales. 
G'. Palpi with the 2nd joint reaching 

vertex of head Auciia, p. 661. 

6'. Palpi with the 2iid joint reaching 
about middle of frons. 
flS. Fore tibia broadly fringed with hair ; 

fore wing rather broad ... Spodopteua, (2) p. 251. 

b^. Fore tibia slightly fringed with hair'; 

fore wing long and narrow Laphygma, (2) p. 258. 

b^. Thorax clothed with hair and hair-like 

scales Cobaliodes, p. 505. 

/?s. Thorax without crests. 
0.6. Palpi with the 2nd joint reaching 
vertex of head. 
a'. Hind wing with vein 5 from middle 
of discocellulars. 

a^. Palpi with the 3rd joint long Polionycta, (■2)p. 41. 

h'i. Palpi with the 3rd joint short Galgula, (2) p. 439. 

b''. Hind wing with vein 5 from below 
middle of discocellulars. 
a^. Palpi with the 2nd joint flattened 

against frons .. . Ciiasmina, p. 

bs. Palpi with the 2iid joint cylindrical. Pagisara, p. 
6^. Palpi with the 2nd joint not reach- 
ing above middle of frons, the 3rd 
short. 
«'. Antennae laminate and almost simple. 
a^. Fore wing with the inner margin 

somewhat excised towards tornus... EulymniA, p. 
b^. Fore wing with the inner margin 

not excised towards tornus Acronycta, (2)p. 59. 

b'^. Antennse ciliated. 
oS. Thorax clothed chiefly with scales . Agriopodes, (2)p. 37. 
^8. Thorax clothed with hair only Euterpia, p. 



ACRONYCTINiE. 15 

c-f. Abdomen without dorsal crests. 
W'. Thorax with dorsal ridge-like crest ; 
frons with projecting corneous plate 

beh>wit EccLETA, p. 685. 

Zi5. Prothorax with triangular crest ; meta- 
thorax with double ridge-like crest. 
aP. Fore wing witli the ternieu strongly 

excurved at middle Braciiyxantiha, p. 

i6. Fore wing with the termen evenly 

curved Lopiiocalama, p. 

cs. Prothorax with triangular crest, meta- 

thorax with spreading crest Ipijjorimia, p. 

dJ<. Prothorax with spreading crest, meta- 

thorax with divided crest TiiALPOPntLA, p. G79. 

e^ Pro- and metatliorax with spreading 
crests. 
«•>. Thorax clothed chiefly with scales. 
a'. Fore wing long and narrow. 
cfi. Palpi with the 2nd joint reach- 
ing vertex of head Ak.ea, p. G88. 

/;*. Palpi with the 2nd joint nut reach- 
ing middle of frons Syriiusis, p. 5U8. 

h''. Fore wing broad. 
c(?. Palpi with the 2nd joint reaching 
vertex of head. 
a^. Palpi with the ord joint long. 
c(}^. Hind wing with vein 5 from 

middle of discocellulars Gracilipalpus, p. 42. 

ftio. Hind wing with vein 5 from 

below middle of discocellulars. Selambina, p. 616. 
^5. Palpi with tlie 3rd joint moderate, 
ffii". Palpi witli the 3rd joint porrect. 
all. Fore wing with the apex pro- 
duced Callogonia, p. ."189. 

ftii. Fore wing with apex rounded... Carbona, (2)p. 660. 
ii". Palpi with the 3rd joint up- 
turned ; fore wing with the 
apex somewhat produced and 

acute Strigiphlebia, (2)p. 283. 

Ifi. Palpi with the 2od joint reaching 

about middle of frons Ampiiidrina, (2)p. 294. 

/;6. Thorax clothed with hair and hair-like 

scales 

a'. Palpi with 2nd joint reaching vertex 
of head ; iiind wing with the termen 

excised at discal fold Stygiostola, p. 44. 

h''. Palpi with the 2nd joint reaching 
middle of frons ; hind wing with the 
termen evenly curved. 
o?. Palpi with the 3rd joint porrect ; 

fore wing narrow Luperina, p. 466. 

J8. Palpi with the 3rd joint upturned ; 

fore wing broader Meristis, p. 

/5. Pi'othorax with spreading crest ; meta- 
thorax without crest. 
a6. Fore wing narrow, the margins sub- 
parallel. 
a'. Palpi with the 2nd joint reaching 
vertex of head. 
cfi. Hind wing with veins 3, 4 stalked. Hypostilbia, (2) p. 293. 
¥•. Hind wing with vein? 3, 4 from cell. Atiietis, (2) p. 296. 
h''. Palpi slender, the 2nd joint reaching 

middle of frons Argyrospila, p. . 



16 NOCTlJIDiE. 

f'. Fore wing broad, triangular. 
a7. Thorax clothed with hair and scales 

liiixed Ramesodes, p. 

b'. Thorax clothed with hair and hair- 
like scales .. Arenostola, p. 

ff^. Prothorax without crest ; luetathorax 

' with small paired crests Ariatiiisa, ('2)p. 383. 

It'K Prothorax without crest ; metathorax 
with spreading crest. 
fflS. Thorax clothed with scales and hair 
mixed. 
ai. Palpi with the 2nd joint reaching 
vertex of head. 
(1,^. Palpi with the 3rd joint porrect ... Ati.m.ea, p. 
It. Palpi with the 3rd joint upturned... Cai.ymniodes, p. 
b^. Palpi with the 2nd joint reaching 

about middle of frons Pseudina, p. 

c^. Palpi short, porrect. 
«*. Tegul£e produced behind into a slight 

hood Epimecia, (2)p. 288. 

b^. Tegulis not produced into a hood, 
a". Fore wing long and narrow, 
ftiu. Fore wing with the apex pro- 
duced, the termen oblique Fekgana, (2) p. 289. 

b^^. Fore wing with the apex not 

produced, the termen less oblique. Stii.bia, (2)p. 290. 
b^. Fore wing shorter and broader ... Pr/Estilbia, (2)p. 292. 

b^. Thorax clothed with hair only Mydrodoxa, p. 

i^. Thorax without crests. 
«•>. Thorax clothed chiefly with scales. 

a'. Abdomen dorsally flattened PeriNjENia, p. 21. 

b''. Abdomen not dorsally flattened. 
a^. Fore wing long and narrow. 

a9. Build stout Agrotisia, p. 692. 

69. Build slender Pro-xenus, (2)p. 430. 

6**. Fore wing short and broad, 
a". Build stout. 

a'o. Palpi with the 2nd joint reaching 
vertex of head, slender, 
ff'^. Palpi flattened against frons ... Callyna, p. 

b^'^. Palpi cylindrical Elydna, p. 

6'". Palpi with the 2nd joint reaching 

middle of frons, broadly scaled. 

«ii. Hind wing with the termen 

excised at discal fold Phuphena, p. 593. 

ill. Hind wing with the termen 

evenly, curved Nicara, p. 

b^. Build slender, 
flio. Palpi upturned, the 2nd joint 
reaching vertex of head, 
a^i. Palpi with the 3rd joint long... Melagramma, p. 691. 
6ii. Palpi with the 3rd joint mode- 
rate MiCRATHETIS, (2) p. 443. 

6W. Palpi oblique, the 2nd joint 

reaching middle of frons Amphilita, p. 

Thorax clothed with hair and hair- 
like scales. 
«'. Abdomen dorsally flattened. 
a^. Palpi with the 2nd joint fringed 
with hair in front. 
a^. Hind wing with vein 6 from 

middle of discocelliilars Peripyra, p. 25. 

b-\ Hind wing with vein 5 from below 

middle of discocellulars Syntomopus, p. 22. 



COSMODES. 17 

68. Palpi smoothly scaled ; hind wing 
with vein 5 from middle of disco- 

eellulars AjiPiiirrRA, p. 26. 

/'.Abdomen not dorsally flattened. 
«8. Head and thorax clothed with rough 

hair and spatulate scales OROPLE.'crA, p. 510. 

b^. Head and thorax smoothly clothed 
with hair and hair-like scales. 
a9. Frous with ridges of hair above 

and between antennce Mimleucania, (2) p. 285. 

b^. Frons without ridges of hair. 
^io_ Pore wing with the apex some- 
what produced and acute Cai.ymnia, p. 

510. Fore wing with the apex rounded. JJicycla, p. 
c". Thorax clothed with hair only. 
aJ. Eyes small, reniform. 
as. Palpi extending about the length 

of head Eitjucopis, p. 

bs. Palpi extending to just beyond 

frons Panemeria, p. 

b'. Eyes large, round. 

«8. Abdomen dorsally flattened Bitvla, p. 41. 

is. Abdomen not dorsally flattened. 
a^. Abdomen entirely clothed with 

rough hair Dapidenura, p. 

i". Abdomen with rough hair at base 
only. 
«!". Build stout, 
a'l. Palpi upturned, the 2nd joint 
moderately fringed with hair 

in front ,. E.vargia, p. 

^11. Palpi porrect, the 2nd joint 
fringed with long hair below. 

fc^-. Fore wing narrow Calamia, p. 

6'^. Fore wing broad Okta, p. 

/;'". Build slender Hypoccena, p. 

c^. Abdomen smoothly scaled. 

«!". Palpi upturned Ommatostola, p. 

61". Palpi porrect Hypocalamia, p. 

Genus COSMODES. 

Type. 

Cosmodes, Guen. Noct. ii. p. 289 (1852) elcgans. 

Proboscis fully developed ; palpi upturned, the 2nd joint reaching about 
to middle of frons and moderately fringed with hair, the 3rd shoi-t ; frons 
smooth ; eyes large, round ; antenufB of male ciliated ; thorax clothed almost 
entirely with scales, the pro- and metathorax with spreading crests ; tibire 
moderately fringed with hair ; abdomen with dorsal crests on basal segments 
and large crest on 3rd segment. Fore wing with the apex rather produced and 
acute, the termen excised to vein 3 where it is angled, then excised to tornus 
where there is a scale-tooth ; veins 3 and .5 from near angle of cell ; (i from 
upper angle ; 9 from 10 anastomosing with 8 to form the areole ; 11 from cell. 
Hind wing with veins 3, 4 fron) angle of cell ; 5 obsolescent from middle of 
discocellulars ; 6, 7 shortly stalked or from angle ; 8 anastomosing with the 
cell near base only. 

3591. Cosmodes elegans. 

Phaltsna elegans, Donov. Ins. New Holl. pi. 36. f. 5 (1805) ; Hudson, New- 
Zealand Moths & Butterflies, p. 33, pi. vi. f. 2. 

d" . Head and thorax whitish tinged with rufous, whitish at tips ; 

YOL. viii. , t; 



]8 MOCTriD32. 

frons white with rufous bars above aud between antennae which are 
rufous ; tegulae with two slight dark lines at middle ; patagia with 
oblique white bands ; metathorax with whitish patch, some blackish 
scales at tips of patagia and metathorax ; pectus and legs whitish 
tinged with rufous; abdomen white with the dorsal crests rufous. 
Pore wing whitish tinged Avith rufous and irrorated with a few 
black scales, the terminal area suffused with deep rufous and 
brown except towards costa ; a very pale yellow-green fascia 
from subcostal nervure near base curving down to below vein 1,, 
then upwards to median nervure at middle where it is con- 
fluent with a wedge-shaped mark in cell, these markings defined 
by silvery white lines ; two similarly coloured conical patches 




lig. 1. — Cosmodes eleffcins, J. }. 

beyond the cell between veins 7 and 3 and 2 and 1, an oblique palo 
rufous fascia between veins 3 and 2 which are streaked with 
white, the area beyond the conical patches deep rufous to the 
silvery white postmedial line, which arises below costa, is angled 
outwards at vein 6 then oblique to vein 3 and between veins 2 
and 1 ; a series of dark subtermiual striae excurved from costa to 
vein 6, then defined on inner side by silvery white striae angled out- 
wards at vein 3 aud ending at vein 2, with deep rufous before them 
between veins 6 and 4; a terminal series of dark stria3 with 
whitish before them above and below vein 3 ; cilia brown with a 
dark line through them, whitish at apex and below vein 3. Hind 
wing yellowish white, the terminal area broadly tinged Avith rufous 
from apex to vein 2 ; the underside white with a faint rufous 
tinge. 

2 . Head and tegulae deep rufous ; thorax pale rufous ; fore 
wino- deep rufous, the costa dark with white points towards apex ; 
the interspace between veins 3 and 2 pale rufous at base, then 
o-reyish, the postmedial Avhite line obsolete except betAveen veins 7 
and 4 and Avith some tiery red beyond it, the subterminal line 
obsolete; hind wing with the terminal half blood-red. 

Bab. Queensland, Brisbane (Turner, Lucas), 1 cJ , 2 § , Moreton 
Bay (Diggles), 2 c? ; E". S. Wales, Sydney {DoiMeday, Lambert, 
Daniel, liaynor, De la Garde, Riefmann), Id, 9 § ; Victoria, 
Gisborne (Lyell), 1 $; New Zealand, Auckland {Colenso, Bolton, 
Oxley), 4 9 , Cbristchurch, Governors Bay, Napier, Okan. Ex]). 
32-36 millim. 



CANXA. 19 

Genus CANNA. 

Type. 
Canna, Wlk. xxxm. 790 (1865) pulchripicta. 

Proboscis fully deT eloped ; palpi upturned, the 2nd joint reaching about to 
middle of fronsand moderately fringed with hair, the 3rd short; frons smooth ; 
eyes large, round ; antenna laminate; thorax clothed with elongate scales, the 
prothorax without crest, the mesothorax with paired tufts of scales, the meta- 
thorax with spreading crest ; the patagia with upturned tufts of scales at 
exti-emity ; tibise fringed with long hair ; abdomen with dorsal series of crests, 
the crest on 4th segment large. Fore wing short and broad, the apex rounded, 
the termen excurved at middle and excised below apex and towards tornus 
which is somewhat lobed ; veins 3 and 5 from near angle of cell ; 6 from upper 
angle; 9 from 10 anastomosing with 8 to form the areole ; 11 from cell. 
Hind wing with veins 3, 4 from angle of cell ; 5 obsolescent from just below 
middle of discocellulars ; 6,7 from upper angle; 8 anastomosing with the 
cell near base only. 

A. Abdomen with the crest on 4th segment formed of long 

black scales. 

a. Fore wing with the medial band green tinged w-ith 

fuscous ^jra«»arzff . 

b. Fore wing with the medial band red-brown mcdachitis. 

B. Abdomen with the crest on 4th segment formed of ochreous 

hair indchrificia. 

3592. Canna prasinaria. (Plate CXXIII. fig. 18.) 

Diphthera praainaria, Wlk. xxxii. 615 (1865) ; Hmpsn. Moths lud ii. 
p. 294. 

Head and thorax bright emerald-green ; palpi black with some 
white in front and at extremity of 2nd joint ; fions white below and 
with lateral black bars ; some black behind the ej-es ; antennge 
blackish ; tips of tegulye and outer edge of patagia with some white, 
the patagia tipped with black ; a pair of black-tipped tufts of hair 
from mesothorax ; pectus and legs with some white, the tibi^ 
marked with black, the tarsi black ringed with white; abdomen 
white, with diffused dorsal black bands, the crest on 4th seg- 
ment very large and black, the ventral surface black at base, white 
at extremity. Fore wing bright emerald-green ; subbasal line 
black, defined by white on outer side, excurved at median nervure 
and angled outwards as a triangular bla( k mark on vein 1, a black 
streak beyond it on costa ; antemedial line black defined by white 
on inner side, slightly angled inwards in cell and on vein 1, and 
very strongly excurved between those points, the area between it 
and medial line suffused with fuscous except below costa and cell 
and above inner margin ; the medial line black defined by white on 
outer side, incurved below costa, slightly angled outwards in cell 
and inwards on median nervure, then bent outwards and angled iu 
submedian fold, then incurved ; reniforra represented by an elliptical 
white patch, some slight fuscous suff'asion beyond lower angle of 
cell ; pGstmedial part of costa with white spots with black marks 
between them ; the postmedial line almost subterminal, black 

c2 



20 NOCTUIB^. 

defined by white on outer side, incurved below costa, slightly angled 
outwards at vein 6, angled inwards at discal and submedian folds, 
excurved and minutely waved between those points ; a subtermiual 
black spot in discal fold ; a terminal series of black points and 
lunule at discal fold ; cilia intersected with brownish, with patch at 
discal fold and black lunules at tips. Hind wing very pale green, 
deeper at termen ; a fuscous postmedial band expanding into a patch 
at discal fold ; some black points on termen ; cilia brownish white 
at tips ; the underside white, the costal area striated with brown 
and irrorated with a few black scales, a blackish discoidal spot and 
diffused postmedial band from costa to vein 4. 

Hah. SiKHiM (AtJcinson, Lidderdale, Holler, Dudgeon), 4 c? , 8 $ , 
type. Exp. 3G-40 millim. 

3593. Canna malachitis. 

Telesilla malachitis, Obertb. Et. Ent. v. p. 80, pi. 3. f. 9 (1881) ; Hmpsn. 

Moths Ind. ii. p. 294; Staucl. Cat. Lep. pal. p. 130. 
Canna splendens, Moore, P. Z. S. 1888, p. 412 ; JButl. 111. Het. B. M. vii. 

p. 59, pi. 128. f. 4. 

' cJ . Head and tegulse white, tinged with bright apple-green ; 
palpi dark red-brown, the tips of 2nd and 3rd joints white ; an- 
tennae red-brown, the basal joint white, black at tip; patagia 
rufous ; vertex of thorax white mixed with rufous ; pectus white, 
the legs suffused with rufous, the tarsi ringed with white ; abdomen 
whitish, dorsally tinged with rufous, the crest on 4th segment 
formed of black scales, the ventral surface rufous. Pore wing 
brilliant malachite-green, the base daiker green; subbasal line 
black, defined by white on outer side, slightly incurved from costa 
to vein 1, then angled outwards and rather diffused above inner 
margin ; a medial pale rufous band, irrorated slightly with red- 
brown and defined by white lines, the inner edge with fine black 
line between the white and rufous from costa to vein 1, and the 
outer side with black line towards costa, the inner edge very 
obliquely excurved from costa to submedian fold, very slightly 
angled outwards at median nervure, and produced as a fascia on 
inner margin to near subbasal line, the outer edge oblique and 
irregularly sinuous from costa to below vein 2, then erect ; the 
orbicular represented by a green point defined by black on inner 
edge of medial band, the reniform by an undefined white lunule : a 
dark striga from costa on the m'edial band ; a brown point on costa 
just beyond the band ; the costal edge white, with some brown points 
towards apex ; the terminal area whitish to vein 6 and a white patch in 
submedian interspace ; a terminal series of black points and a black- 
brown spot below vein 6 with a white lunide on it ; cilia white Avith 
red-brown patches above and below middle. Hind wingwhite,faintly 
tinged with green ; a diffused fuscous subterminal patch, broad at 
costa, narrowing to a point in submedian fold; a teiminal series of 



CANNA. 21 

black points ; the underside white, the costal area irrorated with a 
few black scales except towards base, the subterminal patch emittino- 
teeth on the veins to termen, a terminal series of small black 
lunules from apex to vein 2. 

5 . Hind wing- with the brown subterminal band entire, narrow- 
ing to tornus. 

Hah. E. Siberia, Ussuri, 2 c? ; W. China, Moupin {KricJieldorf\ 
1 S ; Punjab, Kulu, Sultanjjur {O. Toi:ng), 1 $ , Simla (Hen-ford), 
1 c?, Murree (Harford), 1 ($ , Dharmsala (Hoclcing), 4 2 type 
sphiidens ; Sikhim. ^.17:). 32-40 millim. 



3594. Canna pulchripicta. 

Canora pulchripicta, Wlk. sxxiii. 790 (ISfif)) ; Moore, P. Z. S. 1867, p. 61, 
pi. 6. f. 10 ; limpsn. Moths Ind. ii. p. 293. 

S . Head and tegulse bright apple-green, the latter edged with 
white ; palpi red-brown ; frons with red-brown marks at sides ; 
antennae red-brown ; thorax bright rufous, blackish behind, the pro- 
thorax with white patch ; pectus whitish ; legs rufous, with green 
patches on fore tibiae ; abdomen whitish, tinged with rufous. Fore 
wing bright emerald-green ; a rufous band from base of costa ex- 
tending as a fascia along inner margin to beyond middle, where it 




Fig. 2. — Canna pulchripicta, (^ . \. 

ends in a point ; a medial rufous band very oblique from costa to 
vein 2, then bent inwards to the fascia on inner margin, these rufous 
markings defined by fine white lines ; a faint oblique darker green 
fascia from costa just before apex to the angle of medial band ; a 
terminal white band from apex to vein 5, its lower part tinged with 
rufous ; a rufous lunule slightly edged v/ith white on termen in sub- 
median interspace ; cilia rufous, white at apex. Hind wing white, 
the terminal area tinged with brown from apex to vein 4, some 
slight black points on termen towards apex ; cilia tinged with 
rufous ; the underside with the costal area tinged with rufous. 

Hah. Sikhim (Eussell, Atkinson, Dudgeon), 8 cJ type. Exj). 34- 
36 millim. 



22 intoctuid.e. 



Genus DASEOCH^TA. ,. 

Tjpe. 

Laseochmta, Warren, Seitz. Macrolepidoptera, pt. 9, p. 11 (1907) . viridis. 
Diphtherocume, Warren, Seitz. Macrolepidoptera, pt. 9, p. 11 

(1907) pallida. 

Proboscis fully developed ; paljDi upturned, the 2nd joint reaching about to 
vertex of head and fringed with hair in front, the 3rd rather long, naked ; 
irons smooth ; eyes large, round ; antennae of male typically ciliated ; thorax 
clothed with long rough hair and hair-like scales, the pro- and metathorax with 
spreading crests, the patagia tufted at extremity ; tibiic fringed with hair ; ab- 
domen with dorsal series of crests, large at middle. Fore wing with the apex 
rounded, the termen evenly curved und not crenulate ; veins 3 and 5 from near 
angle of cell ; 6 from upper angle ; 9 from 10 anastomosing with 8 to form the 
areola; 11 from cell. Hind wing with veins 3, 4 from angle of cell; 5 obso- 
lescent from middle of discocellulars ; 6, 7 from upper angle; 8 anastomosing 
w ith the cell near base only 



Sect. I. {fiaaeoclicBta). Antennae of male bipectinate with long branches to apex. 

3595. Da-seochseta viridis. 

Agriopis viridis, Leech, P. Z. S. 1889, p. 502, pi. 51. f. 6. 

Head and thorax j-ellow-green ; palpi black ; sides of frons 
brown ; antennae brown ; tegulse -with black band at base and 
black lunnles at middle ; pro- and metathorax with black bands ; 
pectus ochreous white ; fore tibiae streaked with black, the mid and 
hind tibiae banded with black, the tarsi banded black and white ; 
abdomen dark red-brown, the ventral surface whitish at middle. 




Baseochoeta viridis, (^ . 



Fore wing yellow-green ; subbasal line represented by a black point 
on costa followed by a striga ; a short black streak in base of sub- 
median fold; a slight subbasal black streak above inner margin ; 
antemedial line black defined by white on outer side, double at 
costa, incurved in cell, then waved, excurved in submedian inter- 
space and oblique to inner margin ; claviform short and broad, 
defined by black ; orbicular and renit'orm large, defined by black 
and white at sides, open above and below, the former round, a 
blackish streak between them above median nervure ; an irregular 
medial black bar from costa and a waved line from cell to inner 
margin interrupted above the claviform, then teaching it ; post- 
medial line double at costa, strongly bent outwards and obsolete 



r)ASEOCH-T:TA. 23 

below costa, then black defined by whife on inner side, waved, 
angled inwards in discal fold and strongly incurved below vein 4, 
then outwardly oblique to inner margin, two black points on its 
inner edge in submedian interspace and some black and white 
points beyond it on costa ; an oblique black bar from costa before 
apex, a short oblique subterminal streak above tornus and point on 
inner margin ; a terminal series of black points ; cilia ochreous at 
base, chequered white and brownish at tips. Hind wing brown 
with traces of a pale postmedial line ; the termen whitish between 
veins 4 and 1 ; cilia white with some brown marks at base, wholly 
brown at apex ; the underside brown with slight discoidal point and 
indistinct sinuous whitish postmedial line, the termen whitish with 
black strife. 

Hah. Japan, Yokohama (Manhy, Fryer), 3^,22 type. Kvp. 
44-50 millim. 



Sect. TI. (DipJifharocome). Antennas of male bipectinate with moderate 
branches, the apical fourth ciliated. 

A. P'ore wing with strong black band on outer edge of post- 

medial lino ...., mefapJuea. 

B. Fore wiug without strong black band beyond postmedial 

line. 

a. Fore wing with black mark in submedian interspace 

before postmedial line pallida. 

b. Fore wing without black mark in submedian interspace 

before postmedial line viuirl.a. 

3596. Daseochseta iHetaphsea, n. sp. (Plate CXXIII. fig. 19.) 

Head and thorax bright emerald-green ; palpi and sides of frons 
black; antennae brown ; tegulse with black outer edge and dorsal 
spot ; pro-, meso- and metathorax with paired black spots ; pectus 
brownish and black ; tibiae banded green and black, the tarsi black 
and white ; abdomen brownish white suffused with black at middle 
above and below. Fore wing bright emerald-green ; a subbasal 
black bar from costa ; a short black streak in base of submedian 
fold and a black streak above inner margin from near base to the 
antemedial line, which is strong, black defined by white on outer 
side, angled inwards on median nervure and outwards in submedian 
fold, then incurved and ending at the black streak above inner 
margin, a slight white streak beyond it in submedian iuterspace, 
with black striga representing the extremity of claviform, then a 
black fascia before postmedial line with spurs above and below from 
its inner side ; orbicular and reniform defined by black and white 
at sides and with quadrate black patch between them, open above 
and below, the former small, round ; a black bar from middle of 
costa and spot on inner margin ; postmedial line with double black 
points at costa, strongly bent outwards and obsolete below costa, 
then forming a strong black band defined by white on inner side, 
joined by a black bar from costa, its inner edge angled inwards in 
discal fold and outwards at vein 4, then sinuous and very oblique 



24 NOCTUID^. 

to submcdian fold and excurved to inner margin, its onter edge 
exciirvcd at middle; a terminal series of black points; cilia with 
.series of black lunules at tips. Hind wing fuscous brown with 
narrow x)ale green terminal band with some dark striae on termen ; 
cilia whitish ; the underside brownish white, the costal area green, 
a strong black band from costa to the discoidal spot, and faint band 
from it to inner margin, traces of a much interrupted postmedial 
line and some black striae on termen. 

Ab. 1. Hind wing white not tinged with fuscous or green. 

Uah. W. Chi^s-a, Pu-tsu-fang, 3 J , 2 $ type. Exp. 30-34 
millim. 

3597. Daseochseta pallida. 

Biphtera 2xcUida, Moore, P. Z. S. 1867, p. 46, pi. 6. f. 6 ; Hinpsn. Moths 
Ind. ii. p. 295. 

Head and thorax yellow-green ; palpi black, white at tips ; sides 
of frons black ; antennae brown, white at base ; tegulae with dorsal 
black spot at base ; pro- and metathorax with paired black spots ; 
shoulders with black streaks ; tibiae with black spots, the tarsi 
banded black and white; pectus ventrallj^ with black patch; abdomen 
brownish white dorsally tinged with green, the crests black, ven- 
trally with large black patch with some white sublateral points. 
Fore wing yellow-green, the costal edge white ; snbbasal line repre- 
sented by a black striga from costa followed by a bar ; a short 
curved black streak below base of cell and a curved streak above 




Fig. 4. — Daseochata pallida, (5. \. 

inner margin, with some whitish above it extending to antemedial 
line, which is represented by two black striae from costa and a black 
line defined by white on outer side from subcostal nervure to the 
black fascia below vein 1, bent outwards at median nervure, angled 
outwards in submedian fold, then incurved ; the medial area with 
white fascia in submedian fold crossed by a black striga representing 
the extremity of the claviform, the orbicular defined by a black striga 
on inner side, its outer side by a quadrate black patch angled in- 
wards above median nervure defining the inner edge of reniform, 
which has a black bar with points above and below it on its outer 
edge, the stigmata with some white on the edges of the black marks, 
a black spot on costa above outer edge of reniform, a short oblique 
streak from inner margin with its inner extremity bent upwards, 
and a short fascia in submedian fold with spurs from its inner 



BASEOCHiETA. 25 

extremity above and below before the postmedial line, which is repre- 
sented by two black points on costa and bj'^ a black line defined by 
M'hite on inner side from below costa much nearer termen, angled 
inwards in discal fold, outwards at veins 4, 3, then bent inwards 
and sinuous to inner margin, an oblique black bar beyond it from 
costa; a subterminal series of black points with slight white marks 
before them in the interspaces between veins 7 and 1 ; cilia green 
at base, the tips white with a series of black lunules. Hind wing 
pale blue-green with faint blackish discoidal spot and traces of 
medial and postmedial lines; the underside with strong black-brown 
band from costa to the discoidal spot and interrupted line from it 
to inner margin, a slight much-interrupted postmedial line and 
series of points and strise just before termen. 

Hah. W. China, Omei-Shan, 1 5 ■, Pu-tsu-fang, 1 2 ; Kashmir, 
Goorais Valley {Leech)., 1 $ ; Punjab, Thundiani {Yerbury), 1 § ; 
SiKHiM Tibet. Yatong (Hobson, BingJiam), 2 c? , 3 $ ; Sikhim 
[AtJcinson, Liclderdale), 1 d' , 2 $ type. Exp. 36-46 millim. 

3598. Daseochseta vivida. (Plate CXXIII. fig. 20.) 
Biphthera vivida, Leech, Trans. Ent. Soc. 1900, p. 137. 

Head and thorax yellow-green ; palpi black, ochreous at tips ; 
frons and vertex of thorax ochreous ; antenniB ochreous ringed 
with black ; shoulders with black-brown patches ; pectus ochreous 
and red-brown, the tibia? green with black spots, the tarsi ochreous 
banded with black; abdomen ochreous white with some blackish 
hairs, the ventral surface with large black-brown patch. Fore 
wing yellow-green ; subbasal line represented by double black strias 
from costa and spot below cell ; a black fascia above inner margin 
from base to the antemedial line, which is black defined by white 
on outer side, incurved in cell, angled outwards in submedian fold 
then incurved and ending at the black fascia ; claviform defined by 
black and white at extremity ; orbicular and reniform defined by 
black and white at sides and with quadrate black patch between 
them, open above and below, the former round ; a black bar from 
costa to outer edge of orbicular and a slight minutely waved oblique 
brown line from cell to inner margin ; postmedial line with double 
black points at costa, then black defined by white on inner side, 
strongly bent outwards below costa, then dentate and strongly in- 
curved below vein 4, an oblique black bar beyond it from costa 
and some brownish suffusion on its outer edge ; a terminal series of 
black points ; cilia che(iuered red-brown and white at tips. Hind, 
wing white faintly tinged with green ; slight traces of a discoidal 
spot and postmedial line ; the underside with the costal area suf- 
fused with green, a black band from costa to lower angle of cell 
with short streak before it in cell, and obsolescent band to inner 
margin, an interrupted postmedial line from costa to vein 4, and on 
inner area and series of small lunules just before termen. 

Hah. W. China, Omei-8h;in, 1 $ , Ni-tou, 3 $ , Pu-tsu-fang, 2 d" , 
2 $ type. Exp. 34-40 millim. 



26 



NOCTUIDJ^. 



Sect. III. Antenna; of male bipecLinate with short branches, the apical third 
ciliated. 

A. Hind wing with broad brownish subterminal band vigcns. 

B. Hind wing without subteriuinal band. 

a. Fore wing with large quadrate black mark in snbmedian 

interspace before postmedial line hrev'qxnnis. 

h. Fore wing with slight black spot in submedian interspace 

before postmedial line fasciafa. 



3599. DaseochsDta vigens. 

Diphiera vigcns, Wlk. xxxii. 616 (1865) ; Hmpsn. Moths Ind. ii. p. 294. 

Head and thorax deep emerald-green ; palpi black, white at tips ; 
frons whitish, black at sides ; antennae black-brown ; shoulders 
with black streaks ; metathorax with paired black patches ; pectus 
ventrally black-brown ; the tibiae green with black spots, the tarsi 
black-brown banded with whitish ; abdomen yellow suffused with 
black-brown on terminal half, some green on dorsum and anal tuft, 
the crests tipped with black, the ventral surface black-brown with 
two sublateral white points at middle, a ventral series and bar 
before the green anal tuft. Fore wing deep emerald-green, the 
costal edge white ; a curved black mark from base of costa to 
median nervure, a subbasal black striga from costa and a black 
fascia on inner marain extending to the antemedial line, which is 



?s*^ 



TO. 
Fig. 5. — Dasecckcef.d viffcns, S . \. 

black defined by white on outer side, angled inwards on median 
nervure, outwards in submedian fold, then oblique and excurved 
above inner margin ; a black striga in submedian fold representing 
the extremity of the claviform with white fascia from it to the 
black spot on inner edge of postmedial line ; orbicular and reniform 
defined by black and white at sides, and with quadrate black patch 
between them, open above and below, the former round ; a black 
bar from costa to outer edge of orbicular, and a slight blackish 
lunule on inner margin ; postmedial line represented by two black 
points on costa and a black line defined by silvery white on inner 
side from below costa much nearer termen, incurved in discal fold, 
angled outwards at vein 4, then oblique and slightly sinuous to 
submedian fold and outwardly oblique to inner margin, a band of 
dark suffusion beyond it and some black and white points on costa ; 





tiaseoch.i<:ta. 27 

a terminal series of black points ; cilia white at tips with series of 
black-brown lunules. Hind wing pale emerald-green, the basal and 
inner areas suffused with brownish ochreous ; traces of a medial 
line ; a fine postmedial line angled outwards at vein 5, then in- 
curved, and a broad brownish subterminal band ; cilia brown at 
apex; the underside with black band from cosla to just before the 
discoidal lunule and brownish band on inner area, postmedial line 
with spots on costa and in discal and submedian folds, slightly bent 
outwards below costa and incurved in submedian fold, a broad 
black-brown band beyond it from costa to vein 4, some strise on 
termen and two spots at discal fold. 

Enb. ^iJi-TiiM {Atlinson, Moller, Dudgeon), 5 J , 5 5 type. Eajj. 
36-40 millim. 



3600. Daseochaeta brevipennis, n. sp. (Plate CXXIII. fig. 21.) 

Head and thorax pale blue-green ; palpi black ; antennae brown; 
shoulders with black patches ; tibiae with black spots, the tarsi 
banded black and white ; abdomen ochreous white dorsally suffused 
with brown, ventrally black-brown. Fore wing pale blue-green, 
the basal and postmedial areas suff'used with olive-green ; subbasal 
line represented by a black striga from costa ; a short black streak 
in base of submedian fold and a curved black streak above iuner 
margin from near base to the antemedial line, which is black defined 
by white on outer side, incurved in cell, angled outwards in sub- 
mediiin fold, then incurved and ending at the streak above inner 
margin ; claviform minute, defined by some black scales above and 
at extremity ; orbicular and reniform defined by black and white at 
sides and with quadrate black patch between them, the former 
small, round, sometimes defined by black below ; a black bar from 
middle of costa and oblique striga from inner margin ; the medial 
area with white fascia in submedian fold ending in a quadrate black 
spot before postmedial line, with spurs above and below from its 
inner edge ; postmedial line black defined by white on inner side, bent 
outwards below costa, incurved at discal fold, excurved and slightly 
angled at veins 4, 3, then strongly incurved to submedian fold and 
excurved to inner margin, some black points beyond it on costa, fol- 
lowed by a triangular spot ; a series of black points formed by diffused 
scales towards termen ; cilia with terminal series of black lunules. 
Hind wing white faintly tinged with green ; a diffused blackish dis- 
coidal spot with diffused band from it to inner margin and traces of a 
postmedial line at middle and towards tornus ; the underside with 
slight black streak in middle of cell, diffused curved medial band 
blacker towards costa and more or less confluent with the discoidal 
spot, much interrupted postmedial line, and series of black points 
before termen. 

Hah. SiKHiM Tibet, Yatong {Blmjliam), 2 (f , 1 $ type. Exj), 
32 millim. 



28 NOCTXJID.E. 



3601. Daseochaeta fasciata. 

DipUhem fasciata, Moore, P. Z. S. 1838, p. 408 ; Butl. 111. Het. B. M. vii. 
p. 30, pi. 1'22. f. 1 ; Hrapsn. Moths Ind. ii. p. 295. 

Palpi blaclv, white at tips ; head brownish white, the vertex 
green, the sides of frons black, the antennae brown, white at base ; 
tegulae and patagia blue-green, the dorsum of thorax brownish 
white ; pectus green at sides, black-brown ventrally ; tibiae green 
with black marks, the tarsi banded black -brown and white ; abdo- 
men brownish white with large black -brown ventral patch. Fore 
wing pale blue-green with some darker suffusion before the ante- 
medial and beyond tlie postmedial line ; subbasal line represented 
by a black point on costa followed by a bar ; a very short black 
streak below base of cell and an oblique white fascia above a 
curved black fascia on inner area extending to the antemedial line, 
which is represented by an oblique striga from costa and a line 
slightly defined by white on outer side from subcostal nervure to 
the black streak above inner margin, bent outwards at median 
nervure, angled outwards in submedian fold, then incurved ; the 
medial area with white streak in submedian fold with black point 
on it at extremity of claviform ; orbicular and reniform defined by 
black and white at side and with quadrate black patch between 
them, open above and below, the former round, a black bar from 
costa to the black patch, a point on inner margin and a small black 
lunule in submedian fold on inner edge of the postmedial line, which 
is represented by two black points on costa and a black line defined 
by white on inner side from below costa much nearer termen, 
angled inwards in discal fold, outwards on veins 4, 3, then bent 
inwards and outwardly oblique to inner margin, a black spot with 
white point on it beyond it on costa ; cilia with slight black-brown 
lunules at tips. Hind wing pale blue-green with some ochreous 
hair on inner area ; a diffused blackish discoidal spot ; the under- 
side with strong black bar from costa to the discoidal spot and two 
spots on inner area, postmedial points below costa and vein 7 and 
small spots in discal and submedian folds and above inner margin. 

Hah. W. China, Pu-tsu-fang, 1 c? , 1 § ; Punjab, Laka (Hocking), 
1 § ; SiKHiM, 1 $ . Ex^). 44 millim. 



Sect. IV. Antennfe of male serrate and fasciculate. 

3602. DaseochaBta chrysochlora. 

Diphikera chrysochlora, Hmpsn. J. Bomb. Nat. Hist. Soc. xi. p. 445 (1897). 

Head and thorax bright yellow-green ; palpi brown above, whitish 
at tips ; frons whitish tinged with rufous ; antennse brown, ochreous 
at tips ; pectus and legs rufous, the fore tibiae green in front ; abdo- 
men rufous, the crest on 3i'd segment green, the ventral surface 
whitish irroratcd with red-brown. Fore wing bright yellow-green 



BASEOCHJETA. 29 

irrorated with dark green and suffused with dark green before the 
antemedial line, below end of cell and beyond the postraedial line ; 
a rather diffused dark subbasal line from costa to submedian fold 
in which there is a short diffused dark streak at base ; antemedial 
line rather diffused, double filled in with green, highljr waved, erect ; 
claviform slightly defined by brownish, large ; orbicular and reni- 
form bright green slightly defined by brownish and their centres by 
dark green, a brown patch between them in cell, the former small, 




Fig. 6. — Baseochmta chrysochlora, (^ . \. 

round, the latter slightly angled inwards on median nervure ; a 
brownish patch on middle of costa; postmedial line double filled in 
with green and with some whitish scales in places, bent outwards 
below costa, then dentate, strongly incurved in discal fold, angled 
outwards at vein 4, very oblique to submedian fold and angled 
outwards on' vein 1 ; subterminal line only defined by the irregular 
edge of the dark green area, angled outwards at veins 7 and 4 and 
inwards at discal and submedian folds ; a terminal series of slight 
blackish lunules defined on inner side by slight pale lunules, be- 
coming whitish between vein 3 and tornus ; cilia with slight black 
lunules at tips from vein 4 to tornus. Hind wing deep red-brown, 
the cilia brownish white with a slight dark line through them ; the 
underside with some whitish in interspaces of medial area and at 
apes, a blackish discoidal lunule, waved postmedial line excurved 
below costa then oblique, and terminal series of black lunules. 
Hah. Assam, Khasis, 1 d , 1 § type. Exp. S 30, $ 32 millim. 



Sect. V. Antenna of male ciliated. 

A. Hind wing with white patch at tornus crossed by an 

oblique black bar ,, alpmm. 

B. Hind wing without white patch at tornus. 

a. Fore wing with black postmedial band interrupted by 

white streaks on veins 6, 4, 3, 2 omiscosa. 

b. Fore wing with the postmedial band not interrupted 

by white sti-eaks. 
a}. Fore wing with the postraedial line interrupted by 
rufous between veins 4, 3. 
a?. Fore wing with minutely dentate subterminal 

line on outer edge of postmedial band discihrunnea. 

h'^. Fore wing with the subterminal line not defined... marmorea. 
h^. Fore wing with the postmedial line not interrupted 
by rufous between veins 4, 3. 

a?. Hind wing with the ground-colour whitish verhenaia. 

h-. Hind wing with the ground-colour yellow beryUodcs 



30 



N0CTUIDJ5, 



3603. Daseochseta alpium. 

Noctua liidifica, Sepp, lus. Ned. i. (4) p. 41, pi. 9. ff. 1-8 (1732), nee Limi. 
Noctua aprilina, Schiff. Wien. Verz. p. 70 (1770) ; Sepp, Ins. Ned. iv. 

(corrigenda); Hiibn. Eur. Schniett., Noct. f. 22 (nee Linn.). 
Noctua alpium, Osbeck, Gotheb. Samml. Handl. (Wet. Afd.) i. p. 52, 

pL 1. f. 2 (1778) ; Staud. Cat. Lep. pal. p. 130. 
Noctua orion, Esjj. Schmett. iv. pi. 118. ff. 4-7 (1787) ; Dnp. Lep. Fr. vi. 

p. 203, pi. 85. f. 5 ; Stepli. 111. Brit. Ent., Haust. iii. pi. 4B. f. 2 ; Curt. 

Brif. Ent. v. pi. 404 ; Err. Beitr. pi. 22. 
Noctua runica, Grrnel. Ed. Syst. Nat. i. 5, p. 2561 (1788). 
Moma onurrJiina, GrsEs. Berl. ent. Zeit. 1888, p. 314. 

Head and thorax emerald-green ; palpi black, the extremity of 
2nd joint white, the 3rd joint white with black band ; sides of 
Irons black ; antenn?e ringed black and white at base ; tegnlae 
black, white at base and white and green at tips ; patagia mostly 
black at tips ; vertex of thorax with some black hair ; pectus and 
legs white mixed with brown, the tarsi banded brown and white; 
abdomen pale brown with white segmental rings, the crests black, 
the ventral surface whitish. Fore wing emerald-green ; a white 
fascia in submedian fold from base to postmedial line, the costal 
edge white ; a subbasal black point on costa ; a black anteraedial 
band expanding into a patch on costa, slightly angled inwards in 
cell and outwards on median nervure, angled inwards to base at 




Fig. 7. — J) aieochcBta alpium, (^ . \. 

vein 1, where it is interrupted ; orbicular represented by a very 
oblique black mark confluent with the lower edge of reniforra, 
which is represented by two black bars on a white patch, with 
black patch from costa to inner bar with points before and beyond 
it ; a medial black line from origin of vein 2 to inner margin, angled 
outwards in submedian fold and forming a triangular mark on 
vein 1 with oblique black striae before and beyond it across the 
white fascia in submedian fold ; postmedial line strong, black, 
defined on outer side by small rather wedge-shaped brownish 
marks except towards costa, where it is dilated with two points on 
it, excurved below vein 7 and at middle and incurved below vein 3 : 
a subterminal series of small white spots in the interspaces with 
black lunules on their outer side and black patches before them at 
middle and in submedian interspace ; cilia chequered white and 
fuscous. Hind Aving whitish suffused with brown, the terminal 
area slightly darker ; an indistinct dark discoidal lunule ; a white 



1)ASK0CH,ETA. 31 

patch at tornus crossed by an oblique bro\yn bar and with black 
point on its inner edge ; cilia chequered fuscous and white ; the 
underside greenish wbite slightly tinged with brown, the costal 
area with some brown irroration at and beyond middle, the terminal 
area irrorared with brown, a black discoidal bar, postmedial line 
waved from costa to vein 5, then incurved and almost obsolete, and 
diffused waved postmedial line. 

Ab. 1. murrliina. Tore wing with the terminal area mostly 
suffused with red-brown. 

Hab. Britain, I.eech Coll. ; France, Sand &, Leech Colls. ; Ger- 
many, Zeller, Prey, & Leech Colls.; Austria, Leech Coll.; Hungary; 
Switzerland; Spain, Lilbao ; Lxaly ; Scandinavia; Russia, 
Livonia, Zeller Coll. ; Armenia ; E. Siberia, Ussuri ; Japan, Myano- 
shita ( rerbury), 1 J , 1 $ , Oiwake (Fryer), 3 J , Tokio (Fenton), 
2 2 , Yokohama (Jonas, Fryer), 1 d , 1 $ ; Corea, Gensan (Leech), 
1 d, 1 ?; C. China, Kiukiang (ProW), 1 §; W. China, Omeishan, 
1 2 , Chang-yaLg (Fratt), 1 cT , 2 $ . E.vp. 33-42 millim. 

Larva. Meyr. Brit. Lep. p. 139; Barrett, Lep. Brit. iii. p. 21G, pi. 119 
f. 2. i i I ■ 

Brownish ochreous with several irregular yellowish lines, the 
dorsum black on somites 3-11 : pale yellow or whitish transverse 
dorsal patches on somites 4-6 and 9 ; tubercles reddish, bearing 
tufts of brown or whitish hairs ; head black, marked with yellowish. 
Lood-plants : Oak, Birch, Beech, &c. 7-9. 



3604. DaseochaBta muscosa. 

Bryophila mu&cosa, ITmpsn. 111. Het. B. M. viii. p 72, pi 144 f 15 

(1891 ) ; id. Moths Ind. ii. p. 298. 
Diplithera imray, Hmpsn. J. Bomb. Nat. Hist. Soc. xTii. p. 472 (1906). 

Palpi black with a few white scales, the extremity of 2nd joint 
white ; frons white ; vertex of head black mixed with white scales, 
the basal joint of antennae white behind and the back of head with 
white patches, the base of shaft of antennae ringed with white ; 
tegulae and patagia green and white at base, black at tips ; vertex 
of thorax black and white mixed ; pectus mostly white, the legs 
black, the tibiae and tarsi ringed with white and with white patches 
at base of tibiae ; abdomen whitish suffused with black leaving 
slight white segmental rings, the crest on 3rd segment rufons, the 
anal tuft white at tip. Pore wing blue-green, the costa black 
except at ba&e ; a white spot at base with some black beyond and 
below it ; a short white fascia in submedian interspace ; a subbasal 
white point on costa followed by a black patch extending to median 
nervure ; an antemedial white point on costa, black spot in sub- 
median fold and black points with white point between them on 
inner margin ; claviform white defined by black suffusion ; orbicular 
white defined by black, small, round ; reniform white defined by 
black with some green in centre and black point in upper part and 



32 KOCTuid:. 

spot in lower, elliptical; a medial black bar from costa and oblique 
line from cell to inner margin ; the veins beyond the ceil with white 
streaks with postmedial black point on vein 6 and obliq.ue minutely 
dentate line from vein 4 to inner margin, incurved in submedian 
interspace ; postmedial part of costa with three small white spots ; 
a broad black subterminal band interrupted by dentate white marks 
between veins 4 and 2, its outer edges excurved below costa and at 
middle and with white spot at vein 6 ; the terminal area with black 
bar from apex and irregular spot at vein 6, the veins with short 
black streaks at extremities ; a terminal series of black stria3 ; cilia 
chequered black and white. Hind wing whitish, the costal half and 
terminal area suffused with black, the inner area with brown hair ; 
cilia white intersected with black and mixed with black towards 
apex ; the underside white, the costal area thickly irrorated with 
black and the apex suffused with black, a diffused black bar from 
middle of costa, slight discoidal spot, black postmedial line curved 
and minutely waved from costa to vein 4, then indistinct, aud ter- 
minal series of lunules except towards tornus. 

5 . Hind wing nearly entirely suffused with blade. 

The thorax has rather more scales than in typical species. 

Hob. Madkas, Nilgiris (Hamj^son), 1 9 ^ype ; TKAVANCOKn:, 
Pirmad (Imray), 3 (5 , 2 § , type imrayi. Buy. 34-38 millim. 



3605. Daseochseta discibrunnea. (Plate CXXIII. fig. 22.) 

Diphtliera discibrunnea, Moore, P. Z. S. 1867, p. 46, pi. 6. f. 14 ; Hmpsn. 
Moths Ind. ii. p. 295. 

Head and thorax pale yellow-green; palpi brown, the extremity 
of 2nd joint white ; frons with lateral brown bars; antennae pale 
brown ; tegulse and patagia slightly edged with brown ; shoulders 
with brown patches ; pectus and legs whitish tinged with red- 
brown ; abdomen whitish tinged with yellow-brown, the crests 
fuscous at tips. Fore wing yellow-green mixed with whitish ; sub- 
basal line double, black-brown, from costa to a red-brown patch in 
base of submedian interspace with small blackish loop below it ; 
antemedial line represented by small double dark brown spots on 
costa and submedian interspace and single mark in cell, the inner 
submedian spot confluent with the basal brown patch ; claviform 
defined by a blackish lunule at extremity ; orbicular defined by 
blackish lunules at sides, the reniform by blackish lunules at sides 
with slight whitish striee representing the annulus ; a red-brown 
bar from middle of costa extending between the stigmata ; post- 
medial line double, minutely waved, much interrupted, bent out- 
wards and interrupted below costa, interrupted by rufous at vein 6 
and between veins 4, 3, incurved below vein 3 and angled outwards 
at vein 1 ; postmedial area suffused with rufous except at costa 
and inner margin, and with some white points with black streaks 
between them on costa, its outer edge formed by the faint, minutely 



T)ASBnCH.*:TA. 33 

waved subterminal line, with some slight browu points on its outer 
side, slightlj' angled inwards below costa,escurved at middle and bent 
outwards totornus; the terminal area slightly irrorated with fuscous, 
a terminal series of black points ; cilia with a series of brown spots 
at tips. Hind wing very pale green, tinged with yellow-brown on 
disk and inner area, the apical area sufiused with brown ; a faint 
curved postraedial line and faint subterminal line incurved below 
vein 4 and bent outwards to tornus ; cilia brown at apex, whitish, 
with a brown spot below apex ; the underside white, the costal area 
irrorated with rufous, and the apex suffused with rufous, a brown 
discoidal spot and maculate postmedial line incurved below vein 3, 
some brown lunules on termen from apex to veia 2. 

2 . Hind wing with the broad brownish subterminal band 
entire. 

Ab. 1. Pore wing suffused with olive-green. — Punjab. 

I/ab. Pun JAB, Murree (Harford), 1 cJ , Dalhousie (Harford), 
1 5 ; SiKHi.M (Atkinson, Dudgeon), 3 J , 3 ^ , type. Exjy. 36-44 
millim. 



3606. Daseochaeta marmorea. (Plate CXXIII. fig. 23.) 

Diphthera marmorea. Leech, Trans. Ent. Soc. 1900, p. 130. 

Head white tinged with ochreous ; palpi black-brown, whitish at 
tips of 2nd and 3rd joints ; sides of frons and head behind antenuie 
with black-brown marks ; antennse brownish ; thorax pale green, 
the tegalae and patagia slightly edged with brown, the prothoracic 
crests ochreous ; pectus and legs ochreous and dark red-brown, the 
tibiae with some green, the tarsi with pale rings ; abdomen ochreous 
mixed with dark brown towards extremity, the ventral surface dark 
brown irrorated with ochreous. Pore wing pale yellow-green, the 
base red-brown confluent with a conical subbasal black-brown mark 
in submedian interspace, its outer edge extending to just below 
vein 1 ; a subbasal green striga from costa on the brown area ; an 
antemedial triangular black-brown spot on costa with point beyond 
it ; claviform represented by a curved black striga at extremity 
from median nervure ; orbicular and reniform very large and defined 
by black at sides only, the former rather quadrate, the latter ellip- 
tical, the cell between them suff'used with rufous ; a black-browu 
bar from middle of costa ; the area beyond and below reniform 
suffused with rufous ; a black point on inner margin before the 
postraedial line which is double, the inner line indistinct and very 
incomplete, bent outwards and interrupted below costa, interrupted 
by rufous at vein 6 and between veins 4, 3, incurved at discal fold, 
slightly angled outwards at veins 4, 2, 1, and strongly inwards in 
submedian fold ; the postmedial area sufPused with rufous and with 
black in submedian interspace, and with some pale points on costa, 
its outer edge representing the subterminal line, slightly incurved 

VOL. VIM. JJ 



'3-i yocTuivjE. 

lielow costa, angled outAvards at vein 5, then incurved ; a series of 
1)lack points just before terra en ; cilia with series of black-brown 
lunulas at tips. Hind wing very jjale green, the basul and inner 
areas yellowish, the apical area suffused with brown, a faint dis- 
coidal spot and curved postmedial line; the underside with the 
costal area irrorated with brown, a large black discoidal spot, in- 
distinct spot at middle of costa, sinuous postmedial line incurved 
below vein 4 and with black spot in discal fold, and dark irroration 
beyond it from costa to vein 4. 

Bab. W. China, Pu-tsu-fang, 1 J, 2 $ , type. Evj). J 40, 
2 42 millim. 



*3607. Daseochaeta verhenata. (Plate CXXIII. fig. 24.) 

Uiphthera verhenaia, Bist. A. M. iV. H. (7) i. p. 222 (1808). 

c?. Head and thorax bright yellow-green; palpi blackish, the 
extremities of joints white ; sides of frons yellowish white ; antennae 
brownish ; tegulse with some black scales near tips ; pro- and meta- 
thorax and upper edge of patagia with some black scales ; pectus 
and legs ochreous white mixed with brown, the fore tibiiie with some 
black and green, the tarsi banded with black ; abdomen ochreous 
white? with slight brownish segmental lines. Pore wing bright 
3-ellow-green irrorated with white and a few black scales ; subbasal 
line represented by black striae from costa and cell ; a slight black 
streak in base of submediau fold ; antemedial line white defined on 
each side by black scales, erect, waved ; orbicular and reniform 
small, with slight white annuli defined at sides by black scales, the 
former round, the latter somewhat constricted at middle, a blackish 
patch between them ; a medial black striga from costa and traces 
of a waved line from cell to inner margin ; postmedial line white 
defined strongly by black on oiiter side, slightly on inner, strongly 
bent outwards below costa, then minutely dentate, slightly incurved 
at discal fold, incurved below vein 4, some black and white points 
beyond it on costa and some brownish suffusion at discal and sub- 
median folds ; an indistinct dentate blackish subterminal line, 
angled outwards at vein 7 and incurved below vein 3 ; a terminal 
series of prominent black lunules and wedge-shaped spot at sub- 
median fold, defined on inner side by white lunules ; cilia green 
with white line at base and some black scales at tips. Hind wing 
yellowish white with slight dark discoidal bar, indistinct curved 
])OStmedial line, and diffused subterminal band ; a lunulate blackish 
terminal line ; the underside with the terminal half irrorated with 
a few black scales, a black discoidal lunule, sinuous postmedial line, 
and terminal series of small lunules. 

Thorax with rather more scales than in typical species. 
Hab. Transvaal, Barberton [licndal/), type t in Coll, Distant. 
Exj^. 32 millim. 



DASEOCH^TA. — LEUCOXYCTA, 35 



*3608. Daseochaeta beryllodes. (Plate CXXIII. fig. 25.) 

Lipthera heryllodes, Turner, Trans. E,. Soc. S. Austr. K03, p. 5. 

S . Palpi ochreous and brown; head and thorax bright green; 
frons white : antennae rufous with the basal joiut white in front ; 
tegulae with the basal half rufous and black medial line ; patagia 
and metathoracic crests at tips with some black scales ; fore tarsi, 
terminal half of mid tibiae, and hind legs ochreous and black ; 
abdomen ochreous with blackish lateral stripes, the dorsal crest on 
l.st segment green, the others blackish. Fore wing bright green ; 
a small black lunule at base of cell with rufous and black lunules 
below and bej-ond it, the latter with white beh)w it ; subbasal and 
autemedial black points on costa with a semicircular black-edged 
rufous mark between them ; an antemedial black point on inner 
margin ; a small comma-shaped white spot in middle of cell ; 
a waved medial black line interru})ted by the white reniform with 
waved black bar on it; postmedial line remote from cell, black, 
irregular, escurved below costa, angled outwards at veins 4 and 3, 
incurved at discal and submedian lolds, defined by white on inner 
side, strongly in submedian fold, with a rufous band on its outer 
edge bounded by the indistinct subterminal line, which has some 
black on it below costa, is incurved at vtin 7 and below vein 4, 
somewhat dentate at middle and excurved in submedian fold, the 
rufous extending to near termen above middle ; a terminal series 
of small black lunules ; cilia chequered with brown. Hind wing 
ochreous tinged with brown ; a dark discoidal lunule ; the terminal 
area dark brown with sinuous inner edge ; cilia chequered white 
and brown. Underside ochreous with dark discoidal lunules and 
irregularly waved medial and postmedial lines with irregular dark 
band beyond the latter. 

Hah. Queensland, Dulong, Blackall Range, type t 6 in Coll. 
Turner. Exp. 44 millim. 



Genus LETJCONYCTA, nov. 

Type, L. diphteroides. 

Proboscis fully developed; palpi obliquely upturned, slender, the 2nd 
joint reaching about to middle of irons and moderately fringed with seales in 
front, the 3rd rather long; frons with transverse ridge; eyes large, round; 
antennEe of male ciliated; thorax clothed with hair and scales mixed, the 
pro- and metathorax with spreading crests ; build slender ; tibiae smoothly 
scaled ; abdomen with dorsal crest at base only. Fore wing with the apex 
rounded, the termen evenly curved and slightly crenulate ; veins 3 and 5 
from near angle of cell ; 6 from upper angle ; 9 from 10 anastomosing with 
8 to form the areole ; 11 from cell. Hind wing with veins 3, 4 from angle of 
cell; 5 obsolescent from below middle of diseocellulars ; 6, 7 from upper 
angle ; 8 anastomosing with the cell near base only. 



36 . NocrrTDiG. 

A. Fore wing with medial black patch on costa diphteroides. 

B. Fore wing without medial black patch on costa vesta. 

3609. Leuconycta diphteroides. 

Microccelia diphteroides, Gueu. Noct. i. p. 34, pi. 3. f. 7 (1852); Grote, 
Proc. Ent. Soc. Phil. iii. p. 78, pi. 2. f. 2; id. Trans. Am. Ent. Soc. ii. 
p. 195, pi. 3. f. 69 ; Smith, Cat. Noct. N. Am. p. 48. 

Microccelia oMiterata, Grote, Proc. Ent. Son. Phil, iii. p. 79 (1864) ; id. 
Trans. Am. Ent. Soc. ii. p. 195, pi. 3. f. 70. 

Head and thorax pale green mixed with white, the head with 
some brown scales ; palpi ochreous banded with brown ; antennae 
brown; tegulse edged with brown; prothoracic crest red-brown at 
base ; patagia and metathoracic crests tipped with black ; pectus 
and legs whitish tinged with ochreous, the tibiae and tarsi dark 
brown, the latter ringed with white; abdomen white irrorated 
with black, the ventral surface tinged with ochreous. Fore wing 
very pale green irrorated with white ; subbasal line double, waved, 
black, interrupted below costa and above inner margin, a triangular 
black spot beyond it on costa; antemedial line double, black, 
oblique, waved, strongly angled inwards on vein 1 ; claviform 
defined by black ; orbicular and reniforra with white aunuli 
defined by black, the former elliptical, the latter open above, its 
centre defined by blackish on outer side and below, a black fascia 




Fig. 8. — Leuconycta diphteroides, cJ. t- 

between them above median nervure, with a blackish shade above 
it from costa ; a slight waved line from below reniform to inner 
margin ; postmedial line double filled in with white, strongly bent 
outwards below costa, then lunulate and with black points beyond 
it on the veins, oblique below vein 4, some black and white points 
beyond it on costa ; subterminal line slight, white, defined on inner 
side by dentate black marks, waved, incurved at discal and sub- 
median folds ; a terminal series of minute black lunules slightly 
defined by white on inner side ; cilia chequered blackish and white 
and with blackish line through them. Hind wing white slightly 
irrorated with fuscous ; a slight discoidal point, traces of dentate 
postmedial and subterminal lines and a terminal series of black 
striae ; the underside white tinged with rufous, especially on the 
veins and costal area, a black discoidal spot and indistinct sinuous 
postmedial line. 



LEIJCO]yrCTA. AGEIOPODES. 3^ 

Ab, 1. obliterata. Fore wing with the black markings defining 
the postmedial and subterrainal lines almost obsolete. 

Nab. Canada; U.S.A., Massachusetts (Burg), 2 J , 2 5'. New 
York (Packard), 1 J, Evans Center (Grote), 3 J , 5 $ < Trenton 
Falls (Donhleday), 1 cJ , 1 ? type, Pennsylvania, Pittsburgh 
(Engel), 1 ^ , Wisconsin, Virginia, Iowa, Missouri, Kansas. E,vp. 
34-40 millim. 

Larva. Djar, Can. Ent xxx, p. Ifi. 

Cylindrical, green, smooth, the setae very fine and single ; dorsal 
and subdorsal lines white, narrow, with waved edges ; tubercles 
i and ii with white points : a pinkish -red stigmatalliue edged with 
white below, distinct at extremities only. 

*3610. Leucouycta vesta. (Plate CXXIII. fig. 26.) 
Mkrocalkc msta^ Schaus, Trans. Am. Eut, Soc. xxi. p. 2:i3 (189+). 

c^" . Head and thorax white ; palpi black-brown except at tips ; 
sides of frons black-brown ; antennae brown except at base; pectus 
and legs tinged with red-brown ; abdomen white suffused with 
brown, leaving white dorsal segmental lines. Fore wing silvery 
white faintly tinged in parts with red-brown; a triangular black 
subbasal spot on costa ; aiitemedial line \^evy indistinct, oblique, 
waved, with brown point in cell and black point in submediun 
told ; orbicular defined by black on outer side, the reniform on 
inner side and with a black fascia between them in cell, otherwise 
undefined ; postmedial line represented by a triangular black sj)ot 
on costa and traces of an oblique waved line with some black 
points on it from vein 4 to inner margin ; three small black spots 
on postmedial part of costa ; subterminal line very indistinct, 
white faintly defined on inner side by brownish, excurved below 
vein 7 and ftt middle; a terminal series of black striae; cilia 
chequered brownish and white. Hind wing white tinged with 
red-brown ; a terminal series of brown striae from apex to vein 2 
slightly defined by white on inner side ; cilia white ; the underside 
tinged and irrorated with red-brown, a black discoidal point and 
terminal series of stria?. 

Hah. Mexico (Schaus), type f c^ in U.S. jSTat. Mus. Kv2\ 
3(3 millim. 

Genus AGRIOPODES, nov. 

Tvpe, A.fcMax. 

Proboscis fully developed ; palpi upturned, the 2nd joint reaching about, 
to middle of fi-oiis and moderately fringed with hair, the ^rd moderate; frons 
sinooih; eyes large, round; antenna; ciliated; thorax clothed chiefly witli 
rough scale.', and without distinct crests; tibiaj moderately fringed with hair; 
abdomen with some rough hair at base and large basal crest. Fore wing with 
tiie apex rounded, the termen evenly curved and slightW crenulate ; yeiiis '6 
and 5 from near angle of cell; 6 from upper angle; U from 10 anastomosing 
with 8 to form the areole ; 11 from cell. Hind wing with veins o, 4 t'roni 
angle of ceil; 5 obsolescent from middle of discocellulars; G, 7 from upper 
angle ; 8 anastomosing with the cell near base only. 



38 



NOCTtrit*^. 



A. Fore wing witb prominent wedge-shaped black marks before 

postinedial line in discal and subiuedian folds. 
a. Fore wing without subteruiinal series of dentate black 

marks •. fallax. 

h. Fore wing withsubterminal series of dentate black marks... geminaia. 

B. Fore wine witliout prominent wedge-shaped black marks 

before postmedial line in discal and submedian fold. 

a. Fore wing without black medial shade tyho. 

b. Fore wing with prominent black medial shade viridaia. 



3611. Agriopodes fallax. 

Moma fallax, Herr.-Schaff. Aussereur. Scbmett. p. 80, f. 211 (1853); 
Smith, Cat. Noct. N. Am. p. 34. 

Head and thorax pale blue-green ; palpi white with black patches 
on 1st and 2nd joiuts and the tip of 3rd joint black ; sides of 
frons black ; antennae black with some white at base of shaft ; 
teguliB with some black on edges ; tips of patagia black ; tibi* 
streaked with black, the tarsi banded with black ; abdomen white 
dorsally suffused with fuscous, ventrally irrorated with black and 
with black patch at extremitj'. Fore wing emerald-green, the 
costal edge white ; a subbasal black spot on costa ; a short black 
streak in base of submedian fold ; an antemedial black spot on 
costa and irregular patch in submedian interspace emitting spurs 




Fig. 9. — Agriopodes fallax, ^. \. 



into cell and on outer side in submedian fold ; orbicular represented 
by a slight black bar, the reniform by a quadrate spot with 
oblique black bar from costa to it ; a slight black striga on middle 
of inner margin and slightly incurved line from lower angle of 
cell to inner margin ; postmedial line represented by a small black 
spot on costa, a black line much nearer termen from vein 7 
emitting a streak in discal fold towards cell, incurved below vein 4 
and forming a large triangular patch between veins 3 and 1, with 
its apex extending almost to medial line, and a point on inner 
margin, some black points beyond it on costa and an oblique bar 
before apex ; faint traces of a whitish subterminal line with a few 
black scales on it, excurved at middle, then incurved ; cilia inter- 
sected by black streaks extending to termen below veins 6 and 2. 
Hind wing whitish slightly suff'used with brown, an indistinct 
discoidal spot : cilia chequered black and white ; the underside 



A6EIOP0DBS. 35- 

wliite tinged with brown and irrorated with black, a black discoidal 
lunule, diffused i^ostmedial Hue, and terminal series of black 
lunules. 

Hob. Canada ; U.S.A., ^ew York, 4 $ , Distr. of Columbia, 
Illinois, Tennessee, Texas. Egsp, ii6-i2 millim. 

Larva. Head green, wrinkled, black-dotted on the edge. Body 
stout, much tapered posteriorly, velvety green with dorsal and 
subdorsal narrow white lines ; tubercles with numerous hairs but 
very minute, imperceptible. Pood-plant, Viburiwm. — H. G. D. 



3612. Agriopodes geminata. (Plate CXXIII. fig. 27.) 
Moma geminuta, Smith, J. N.Y. Ent. Soc. xi. p. 1 (1903). 

c? . Head and thora-x malachite-green mixed with some white 
and black scales ; palpi white with black spots at sides of 2nd and 
3rd joints ; frons white ; antennae black, the shaft white above 
towards base ; tegulao with some black scales at middle and a 
slight black line with two points on it near tips ; metathorax with 
two black spots ; pectus and legs white, the tibise and tarsi with 
black spots ; abdomen white suff'used with fuscous except at base, 
the basal crest black at tip. Eore wing malachite-green mixed 
with some white and slightly irrorated with black ; a black spot 
at base ; subbasal black bar from cost a and small wedge-shaped 
spot above vein 1 with slight sjjot below it on inner margin ; 
antemedial line with two black bars from costu, an obliquely curved 
mark from middle of cell to submcdian told with oblique mark 
beyond it below the cell, then indistinct, double and incurved at 
vein 1 ; orbicular and reniform defined by black at sides and with 
square black spot between them, the former rounded ; a black bar 
from middle of costa to reniform, incurved below costa, and an 
incurved line from lower angle of cell to inner margin somewhat 
interrupted at submedian fold; postmedial line double at costn, 
incurved at discal fold and below vein 4 and with short black stieaks 
from its inner side at discal and submedian folds, some black points 
beyond it on costa with short white streaks between them ; suli- 
terminal line represented by an oblique black bar from costa, then 
by a series of small dentate black marks : a terminal series of small 
black spots with larger spots at discal and submedian folds ; ci'.ia 
greenish white intersected with black. Hind wing greenish while, 
the terminal area tinged with fuscous from a23ex to submedian 
fold ; a faint discoidal point and sinuous postmedial line ; the 
termen white ; a series of small blacji spots on termen and cilia ; 
the underside white, the costal half irrorated with a few black 
scales, a black spot on middle of costa and discoidal spot, post- 
medial line faint, bent outwards below costa then crenulate, a 
terminal series of black striae. 

Hab, Canada, Manitoba, Cartwright (Heath), 1 c? . E^vp. 40 
millim. 



40. K0CTTTID.15. 

3613. Agriopodes tyl>o. (Plate CXXIII. fig. 28.) 

Moma tybo, Barnes, Can. Ent. xxxvi. p. 16(1 (19U4). 

5 . Head white with a few black scales ; palpi mostly black on 
outer side except towards tips ; thorax pale blue-green, the tegulse 
with black scales at lips towards middle; pectus and legs white, 
the tarsi banded with black ; abdomen white dorsally sufl'used with 
fuscous, leaving white segmental lines and the basal crest white. 
Eore wing pale blue-green irrorated with a few black scales ; 
subbasal line represented by black striae from costa and cell ; 
a black streak in submedian fold from base to antemedial line 
expanding into a spot at base ; antemediul line black, double at 
costa, oblique, strongly excurved in cell and above inner margin 
and incurved in submedian interspace ; claviform represented by a 
small black spot at its extremity ; orbicular and reniform large, 
defined by black, the former round, with a broad black bar above 
it from costa and a waved line from it to inner margin, the reniform 
incompletely defined ; a black striga in submedian fold below the 
reniform ; postraedial line bent outwards below costa, incurved at 
discal fold, slightly dentate at veins 4, 3, then strongly incurved, 
indistinctly double beyond the cell, some white points wath short 
black streaks between them beyond it on costa and an incomplete 
waved diffused black line represeiiting the inner edge of subterminal 
line with black spots on it at discal and submedian folds, in- 
curved below vein 3 ; a terminal series of prominent black lunules ; 
cilia chequered black and white. Hind wing white irrorated 
and suffused with fuscous, especially on costal half of terminal 
area ; aa indistinct discoidal point and sinuous postmedial line ; a 
terminal series of black striae ; the underside white, the costal 
area tinged with ochreous and the costal and terminal areas to 
vein 4 irrorated with black, a difi'used blackish medial line incurved 
and indistinct below middle of cell, a black discoidal spot and 
difi'used postmedial line incurved below vein 3, and terminal series 
of black lunules. 

Hah. U.S.A., Arizona (Polinr/), 1 5 cotype. Evp. 38 millim. 

3614. Agriopodes viridata. (Plate CXXIII. fig. 29.) 

Jaspidea viiidatajHsiVv. Can, Ent. viii. p. 35 (1876); Smith, Cat. Noct. 
N. Am. p. 49. 

c? . Head and thorax pale green with a few dark scales ; palpi 
black except at tips ; frons with lateral black marks ; antennae 
blackish : tarsi banded with black ; abdomen white irrorated with 
black-brown. Fore wing pale green irrorated with a few black 
scales : a waved black subbasal line from costa to vein 1 ; ante- 
medial line rather difi'used, black, very oblique, strongly angled 
outwards in the interspaces and inwards on the veins ; orbicular 
and reniform \vith white annuli defined by black, the former 
round with some black in lower part of centre, the latter strongly 
constricted at middle ; a diffused black medial band, obliijue from 



AGETOPODES. — POLIOyrCTA, 41 

costa to median iiervure, then iuwardl)^ oblique and conjoined at 
inner margin to antemedial line ; postmedial line rather indistinct, 
slightly bent outwards below costa, then waved, incurved below 
vein 4 ; postmedial area sulTused with black except between 
veins 6 and 5 and with some white points on costa; subterminal 
line obsolete towards costa, dentate at middle and angled 
inwards at discal and submedian folds ; a terminal series of small 
black lunules ; cilia green intersected with black. Hind wing 
white; a black discoidal spot; an indistinct minutel}' waved post- 
medial line and faint diffused subterminal line ; a lunulate black 
terminal line ; the underside with the costal area irrorated with 
fuscous, an antemedial band of diffused black scales, large dis- 
coidal black spot, rather diffused postmedial line excurved to vein 4, 
then oblique^ and terminal patches of dark irroration at apex, middle, 
and submedian interspace. 

Hub. U.S.A., S. California, 1 J . Exp. 30 millim. 

Genus POLIONYCTA, nov. 

Type, P. apicata. 

Proboscis fully developed ; palpi upturned, the 2nd joint reaching vertex of 
head and siuootbly scaled, the 3rd long ; frons smooth; eyes lai-ge, rounded; 
anteniiEe ot'female nearly simple; head and thorax clothed chiefly with scales 
and without crests ; tibiae sliglnly fringed with hair ; abdomen with dorsal 
crest at base only. Fore wing broad, triangular, the apex rounded, tlie 
ternien creuulate; veins 'A and 5 from near angle of cell ; 6 from upper angle ; 
',) from 10 anastomosing with 8 to foira the areole; 11 from cell, ilind wing 
with veins 3, 4 from angle of cell ; o obsolescent from middle of discocellulars; 
6, 7 from upper angle ; 8 anastomosing with cell near base only. 

3615. Polionycta apicata, n. sp. 

$ . Head and tegulte grey suffused with red-brown, thorax 
grey slightly tinged with brown ; fore and mid tarsi banded with 
black; abdomen gre} -brown with pale rufous segmental lines. 
Pore wing silvery grey irrorated with pale brown and slightly 




Pig. 10. — Polionycta apicata, $. \, 

tinged with rufous in parts, a triangular brown patch on middle 
of costa and the apical area suffused with brown to vein 4 ; ante- 
medial line double, rufous, irregularly waved ; orbicular represented 
by a minute rufous annulus ; reniform large, defined by brown, its 
centre tinged with brown, constricted at middle, its lower extremity 
produced and acute ; postmedial line double, very oblique and 
slightly sinuous from costa to vein 4 near lermcii, then inwardly 



42\ 



nocttjid.t:. 



dentate and oblique to vein 2, then retracted to below angle of 
cell and waved to inner margin, some whitish and black strise 
beyond it on costa ; subterminal line indistinct, pale, waved, 
excurved below vein 7 and at middle, slight black marks beyond it 
above and below vein 4 : a fine waved black terminal line. Hind 
wing cupreous brown, deepening towards termen, on which there 
is a series of grey lunules on inner side of the fine Avaved black 
terminal line ; cilia grey and biown ; the underside grey irrorated 
with brown, a diseoidal spot, crenu late postmedial line, and diffused 
subterminal line extending to termen towards apex. 

Bab. I'anama, Obispo (Salvm), 1 $ type. EiVj). 44 millim. 



Genus THALATHA. 
Thalatha, Wlk. Journ. Linn. Soc, Zool. vi. p. 187 (1862) 



Type. 

si/tens. 



Proboscis fully developed ; palpi upturned, the 2nd joint reaching about to 
middle of Irons and moderately fringed with bair iu front, the 3rd moderate ; 
frons with very small corneous prominence at middle with raised edges; eyes 
large, round ; antennae laminate or uniserrate ; thorax clothed chiefly with 
scales and without crests ; tibite moderately fringed with bair; abdomen with 
dorsal ci-est at base only. Fore wing with the apex typically rounded, the 
termen evenly curved and very slightly crenulate ; veins 3 and 5 from near 
angle of cell ; 6 from upper angle ; 9 irom 10 anastomosing with 8 to form 
the areole ; 11 from cell. Hind wing with veins 3, 4 from angle of cell; 
5 obsolescent from middle of discooellulars ; 6. 7 shortly stalked or from 
angle ; 8 anastomosing with the cell near base only. 

Sect. I. Antennas of male with uniseriate serrations. 

3616. Thalatha malagassica, n. sp. 

J . Head and thorax white slightly tinged with rufous ; palpi 
fulvous red with some black above ; antennae, tegulse, and patagia 
fulvous red ; pectus and legs fulvous red, the mid tibiae with black 
spot at middle and the tarsus with black spot on basal joint ; 




Fig. 11.— Thalatha malaffassica, S- \. 

abdomen ochreous white. Fore wing white iri-orated with fulvous, 
the submedian interspace suffused with fulvous except just beforo 
antemedial and beyond postmedial lines, a fulvous band from 
middle of costa to vein 2 and a patch on costa towards apex ; 
a diffused black fascia in submedian fold from base to before ante- 
medial line, from it to postmedial line, and from beyond pustmedial 
line to termen ; antemedial line represented by a black point on 



THALATHA. 43 

costa, black bar from cell to vein 1, and fulvous line angled out- 
wards above inner margin ; orbicular and reniform large, vi'hite, 
the former defined by black at sides, rather elongate elliptical, the 
latter defined by diffused black on inner side and by a few black 
scales on outer, with slight fulvous lunule in centre ; postmedial 
line fulvous with a few black scales on it and strong black lunule 
in submedian interspace, bent outwards below costa, then dentate, 
excurved to vein 4, then strongly incurved, some white points 
beyond it on the costal fulvous patch ; subterminal line slight, 
fulvous, waved, angled inwards in discal fold and with black spot 
beyond it to near termen : a terminal series of slight fulvous lunules; 
cilia chequered fulvous yellow and white. Hind wing white faintly 
tinged with yellow, especially on inner area ; a fine yellow terminal 
line and line through the cilia ; the underside with faint traces of 
curved postmedial line. 

Bah. Madagascar, Betsileo (Coit'an), 1 (S type. Exp. 44 millim. 

Sect. II. Anteniiie of male laminate. 

A. Fore wing of male with the apex somewhat produced and 
acute. 

a. Fore wing with the subbasal mark in submedian interspace 

wedge-shaped dinava. 

b. Fore wing with the subbasal mark in submedian interspace 

a minute lunule. 
a\ Fore wing slightly suffused with green, the black 

fascia on terminal area strong eceicei. 

b^. Fore wing strongly suffused with green, the black 

fascia on terminal area slight 'psorallina. 

3617. Thalatha dinava. 

Acronycta dinawa, Beth. -Baker, Nov. Zool. xiii. p. 198 (1906). 

c?. Head and thorax white mixed with reddish brown; palpi 
black except at tips ; Irons with lateral black spots ; tegulae with 
black band at base; pectus and legs mostly red-brown, the tibiae 
banded with black, the tarsi black ; abdomen white irrorated with 




Fig. 12. — Thalatha dinava, (^ 



red-brown and suffused with black towards extremifj-, the 1st 
segment with pair of dorsal black points, the 2nd and 3rd with 
slight black bars, the ventral surface thickly irrorated with rufous. 
Fore wing white suffused with grey-green and irrorated with 
fuscous; subbasal line very indistinct, double, waved, from costa to 
vein 1, a blackish spot beyond it on costa and a small wedge-shaped 



44 NOCTUID.I'.. 

black mark below submedian fold ; antemedial line very indistinct, 
double, waved, oblique; orbicular and renitbrra sligbtly defined by 
fuscous, the former round ; an oblique sinuous medial line with 
diffused brown patch beyond it on costa and greenish patch in cell 
an oblique irregular black fascia with grey below it in submedian 
fold from medial to subterminal line; postmedial line very in- 
distinct and interrupted, black below costa and between veins 6 
and 4, with small black spot at costa, bent outwards below costa, 
incurved and slightly waved below vein 4 ; an indistinct diff"used 
dark subterminal line, excurved below costa and at middle and 
angled outwards above vein 1, wilh black streak from it below 
vein 2 iutersecting the cilia; some diffused brown just before 
termen from apex to vein 4 and towards tornus ; cilia red-brown ; 
the apex somewhat acute in male. Hind wing white ; the veins 
brownish ; the apical area purplish brown from middle of costa and 
down to vein 2, in female wholly suffused with brown ; the under- 
side with the costal area irrorated and suffused with rufous, a dark 
patch at middle of costa, slight discoidal spot, and diff'used waved 
postmedial line excurved below costa and at middle. 

Uah. Br. New Guinea, Dinawa {Pratt), type t cj' in Coll. 
Bethune-Baker, Mt. Kebea {Pratt), Ekeikei {Pratt), 1 j . E.vp. 38- 
42 millim. 

3618. Thalatha eceicei. (Plate CXXIII. fig. 30.) 

Acronycta ekeikei, Beth. -Baker, Nov. Zool. xiii. p. 198 (190')). 

cT . Head and thorax white mixed with yellow-green; palpi 
black-brown, white at extremity of 2nd joint; frons with lateral 
biack-brown bars ; antennae blackish except at base; pectus and 
legs mixed with rufous and black-brown, the tarsi black ringed 
with white ; abdomen whitish mixed with deep rufous and black, 
the ventral surface almost entirely deep rufous. Fore wing white 
mixed with pale yellow-green ; a subbasal blackish striga from 
costa and point on median nervure with black patch beyond it on 
costa and minute fiery-red lunule above vein 1 ; antemedial line 
with black points on costa, then very indistinct, greenish, oblique, 
sinuous ; orbicular and reniform very slightly defined by blackish, 
the former round, open above and below, the latter with greenish 
centre and white annulus; an erect greenish medial band expanding 
into a triangular patch on costa, obscuring the outer part of orbicular ; 
postmedial line very indistinctly double filled in with white, almost 
obsolete and strongly bent outwards below costa, then luuulate 
with black strise on its outer edge, incurved below vein 4, with 
alternating white and black points beyond it on costa, crossed by 
an oblique irregular black fascia in submedian interspace from' 
medial band to termen before which it is interrupted ; a very ill- 
defined lunulate white subterminal band, angled outwards at 
vein 7, excurved at middle and bent outwards to tornus ; a 
terminal series of black strise defined on inner side by white 
lunules; cilia white with slight blackish line through them and 



THALATHA. 45 

some black at tips. Hind witig white, the medial veins brown, 
the apical area and terminal area to vein 2 broadly BufFused with 
purple-brown ; cilia white with brown line through them towards 
lupex. Underside of lore wing deep rufous with white streaks 
from base, fascia on inner margin and wedge-shaped marks on 
termen from vein 5 to tornus ; hind wing with the costal and 
apical areas rufous,, a dark bar from middle of costa, spot at upper 
angle of cell, and sinuous postmedial line bent outwards below 
costa and excurved at middle. 

2 . Fore wing with the subbasal lunule below submedian fold 
black; hind wing nearly uniformly suffused with purple-brown. 

Hah. Br. N. Guinea," Ekeikei {Pratt), 1 $ , Mt. Kebea {Pratt), 
1 cS . Exp. 6 38, $ -1:2 millim. Type t <5 in Coll. Bethune- 
Baker, 



3619. Thalatha psorallina. (Plate CXXIII. fig. 31.) 

Acronycta psorcdlina, Lower, Tr. E. Soc. S. Austr. xxvii. p. 31 (1903). 

S . Head and thorax white mixed with pale yellow-green, the 

latter with a rufous shade on dorsum; palpi black-brown except at 

extremity of 2nd joint; frons with lateral black bars ; antennae 

blackish except at base ; pectus and legs largely mixed with deep 

rufous, the tarsi black tinged with white ; abdomen white suffused 

with blackish towards extremity, the ventral surface deep rufous 

mixed wnth black and with white bar on penultimate segment. 

Fore wing white mostly suffused wdtih pale yellow-green ; subbasal 

line represented by a dark striga from costa and point on median 

nervure, with black spot beyond it on costa and miniite fiery-red 

lunule above vein 1 ; antemedial line with black point at costa, 

then double, greenish, waved ; orbicular and reniform slightly 

defined by blackish, the former round, the latter with greenish 

centre and white annulus ; a strong green shade from middle of 

costa to median nervure obscuring the outer part of orbicular, 

traversed by the double waved medial line which is blackish 

towards costa, greenish below the cell; postmedial line double 

filled in with white, w'ith black spots at costa, then green with 

black strige on it, bent outwards belowr costa, then minutely waved, 

excurved to vein 4, then incurved, with alternating black and 

white marks beyond it on costa, crossed by an oblique black streak 

in submedian fold from medial line to termen before which it is 

interrupted ; subterminal line indistinct, white, waved, excurved 

below vein 7 and at middle, angled inwards in submedian fold 

and bent outwards to tornus ; a terminal series of green striae with 

white lunules before them ; cilia white with slight black lunules at 

middle and tips. Hind wing white, the apical area suffused with 

pale rufous ; cilia white, rufous at apex. Underside of fore wing 

rufous with white streak below base of costa, white fascia on inner 

margin, some white spots on costa beyond middle and dentate 

■marks on termen below veins 4 and 3 ; hind wing with the costal 



46 N()CTUII)^5. 

area except at base and apical area rufous, a dark bar from costa 
before middle, discoidal point and sinuous postmedial line. 

2 . Fore win^ with the subbasal lunule below submedian fold 
black; hind wing tinged with rufous, the whole terminal area 
suffused with rufous except at tornus. 

Hah. Queensland, Kurauda {Dodd), I 6 , 1 $ . Exp. J 34, 
5 36 millim. 

B. Fore wing of male with the apex rounded. 

a. Fore wing with the ground-colour olive-green ceheoe. 

h. Fore wing with the ground-colour white. 

cO-. Fore wing without triangular black patch on middle 
of inner margin. 
a?. Fore wing with terminal series of small black 

.=pots ., conjecturalis. 

h'^. Fore wing with terminal series of slight dark strife, sinens. 
b^. Fore wing with triangular black patch on middle of 

inner margin melaleuca. 

*3620. Thalatha cebeaB. (Plate CXXIII. fig. 32.) 

Dipthera Jcebem, Beth.-Baker, Nov. Zool. xiii. p. 203 (1906). 

(S . Head and thorax olive-green ; palpi black, the extremities 
of 2nd and 3rd joints ochreous ; antennae brown except at base; 
tegulse with black line at base ; patagia edged with black-brown 
except on inner side towards base ; prothorax with two black- 
brown spots, metathoracic crest black-brown at tip ; pectus and 
legs ochreous mixed with black-brown, the tibiae and tarsi black 
banded with ochreous white ; abdomen ochreous suffused with 
rufous, the crests blackish. Fore wing olive-green ; costal edge 
whitish ; a black spot at base of costa and oblique wedge-shaped 
black mark above vein 1 emitting teeth from upper side at middle 
and extremity ; a subbasal black point on costa followed bj' a small 
triangular spot ; a whitish fascia in submedian fold from the basal 
black mark to postmedial line ; an antemedial black point on costa 
and two on inner margin with faint traces of an oblique line 
between them ; orbicular with slight white annulus, round, 
followed by a quadrate black spot before the reniform, which is 
represented by a faint whitish bar on its inner side and some 
whitish points with black points on their outer side ; an oblique 
black bar from middle of costa and a sinuous line from cell to 
inner margin with triangular spot beyond it above vein 1 ; post- 
medial line represented by a black spot on costa and some white 
points from vein 6 to inner margin strongly incurved below vein 4 
and with black bars on their outer side between veins 6 and 4 and 
in submedian interspace, some black spots beyond it on costa ; 
subterminal line represented by an oblique black bar from costa, 
then by a series of whitish points excurved below vein 7 and at 
middle, incurved in submedian interspace and with slight black 
spots before it above and below vein 5 ; cilia chequered black, 
rufous and white. Hind wing white, the veins and terminal area 



THALATSA. 47 

tinged with rufous ; a brownish posfcmedial spot below vein 6 ; 
cilia chequered rufous and white; the underside with the costal 
and apical areas suffused with rufous and iri"orated with dark 
brown, a diffused blackish bar from middle of costa, a browu 
discoidal spot and diffused sinuous postmedial line. 

Hah. Be. jST. Guinea, Mt. Kebea (Pratt), type t 6 in Coll. 
Bethune-Baker. E.vp. 42 millim. 



3621. Thalatha conjecturalis. 

77udri(ha siiiens, Wlk. Journ. Linn. Soc, Zool. vi. p. 187 (1862), var. nee 

]8i56. 
Bryojjhila coiijeci'uralis, Swinb. Traug. Ent. Soc. 1890, p. 222, pi. vii. f, 10; 

Hiiipsu. Moths Ind. ii. p. 242. 

Head and thorax white, the head and tegulae mixed with pale 
rufous ; palpi with black point at extremity of 2nd joint ; frons 
with black lateral spots ; tegulse with black dorsal point ; patagia 
with blackish outer edge ; metathorMX with paired black points ; 
pectus and legs tinged with reddish brown, the tarsi banded with 
blackish ; abdomen white tinged with red-brown, the basal crest 
black at tip. Fore wing pure silvery white slightly irrorated with 
reddish brown ; a blackish subbasal 8pot on costa ; a black fascia 
diffused below, curved from base of costa to below cell, then up to 
median nervure at anteniedial line, which is indistinct, brown, 
double, waved, oblique ; an obliquely curved medial black line with 
diffused brown band beyond it from costa to vein 1, a strong 
oblique black fascia from it to outer edge of postmedial line in 
submedian fold ; reniform represented by a slight dark luiiule on 
the black band ; postmedial line double, the lines rather widelj' 
separated, the outer line with series of black points on it, bent 
outwards below costa, then minutely waved, incurved below vein 3, 
some dark points beyond it on costa and a brownish bar from costa ; 
an indistinct irregularly waved brownish line representing the 
inner edge of subterminal line from the brown bar to submedian 
fold and some brownish marks on the outer edge of the line; a 
terminal series of small black spots and a wedge-shaped spot in 
submedian fold ; cilia chequered brown and white. Hind wing 
white suffused with brown ; a terminal series of slight dark 
lunules ; cilia white with series of pale brown spots ; the under- 
side white tinged with red-brown, a brown discoidal lunule, 
slightly waved curved postmedial line, and terminal series of slight 
lunules. 

A.b. 1. Fore wing with the medial band extending from costa to 
reniform onh'. — Borneo. 

Hah. Bombay, N. Kanara, Karwar {Bell), 1 5 ; Buema, Rangoon, 
1 5 type ; Borneo, Sarawak, Sandakan (Fryer), 1 J . Exp. 32- 
36 millim. 



48 



NocruTD.a?. 



3622. Tlialatha sinens. 



Orthopia -siiyns, Wlk. xi. 746 (1857); Hmpsn. 111. Het. B. M. viii. p. 71, 
pi. 144. f. 0; id. Moths Ind. ii. p. 241. 

Head and thorax pure white, the tegulae and patagia with some 
pale rufous scales ; palpi black except at tips ; tarsi banded with 
black-Vjrown; abdomen white suffused with bro^'n. Fore wing pure 
white faintly irrorated with pale brown on basal and inner areas ; 
an obliquely curved interrupted black fascia from base of costa to 
subraedian fold before antemedial line, which is indistinct, pale 
brown, oblique, slightl}^ waved, and with double brown spots at 
costa ; a diffused brownish triangular patch from middle of costa 
to median nervure ; reniform very faintly and incompletely defined 
by pale brown, small ; postraedial line very indistinct and in- 
complete, double, the lines widely separated and with two black 
points on costa, bent outwards below costa, then waved, incurved 




Fig. 13. — Thalatha sinens, cJ 



below vein 3, crossed by a diffused oblique brown fascia in sub- 
median fold from well before it to subterminal line, with oblique 
black striga above it before postmedial line and triangular spot 
beyond it, two black points with a brown bar from them beyond it 
on costa ; an indistinct diffused waved brown line representing the 
inner edge of subterminal lino which has some slight brown marks 
on its outer edge ; a terminal series of slight dark striae and a 
wedge-shaped black spot at vein "2 ; cilia chequered brown and 
Avhite. Hind wing white suffused with red-brown ; a black spot 
on termen at vein 2 ; cilia white ; the underside white, the costal 
area suffused and irrorated with red-brown, a slight discoidal lunule 
and diffused sinuous postmedial line. 

Ab. 1. Fore wing with the markings grey-green, the striga 
before postmedial line developed into an irregular fascia from just 
before medial line to the spot on outer edge of postmedial line. 

Ilab. W. China, Chia-kou-ho (Pratt), 1 $ ; Bombay, N. Kanara, 
Karwar (Bell), 1 5 ; Madras, Nilgiris (Hampson), 1 J ; Travancore, 
Trevandrum (Ft-rgusson), 1 $ ; Burma, Moulmein (Clerh), 1 $ type. 
E.vp. 30-36 millim. 

*3623. Thalatha melaleuca, n. n. (Plate CXXIV. fig. 2.) 

Tarache Jceheis, Beth.-Baker, Nov. Zool. xiii. p. 208 (1906), nee Bipthera 
kebccB, p. 203. 

2 . Head and thorax white ; palpi black except at tips ; lower 
part of frons black ; antennte black except at base ; tegulse black 



THALATn.V. GOENYCTA. 40 

at middle and with black patches at tips ; patagia with black 
patches on outer edge ; pectus and legs black and white, the tarsi 
slightl}' ringed with white; abdomen fuscous, whitish at base, the 
crests black, the anal tuft white, the ventral surface black with 
large white patch at middle. Fore wing pure white ; an irregular 
black fascia below base of cell, arising from costa at base ; a 
subbasal black point on costa followed by a triangular patch; a 
triangular black patch on middle of costa extending to lower angle 
of cell and another on inner margin extending to submedian fold ; 
a small postmedial black spot on costa and point on inner margin, 
a broad black bar from apex to discal fold with white point on 
costa, rather bifid below and connected with a triangular black 
patch from termen below apex with black point above it on termen ; 
a broad oblique black bar from vein 2 to tornus widely forked 
above ; two black points on termen below middle ; cilia white, 
black at the black markings. Hind wing fuscous, the inner area 
whitish ; cilia black from apex to vein 5, then white ; the under- 
side black, the base white except costal area, the inner area white, 
its upper edge expanding into a whitish patch beyond middle. 

Bab. Br. N. Guinea, Mt. Kebea (Pratt), type t § in Coll, 
Bethune-Baker. Ex2y. 32 millim. 



Genus GOENYCTA, nov. 

Type, G. niveiguttata. 

Proboscis fully developed; palpi upturned, the 2iid joint reaching to middle 
of fi-ons and moderately fringed with hair in front, tha 3rd short ; frons with 
rounded prominence with corneous plate below it ; eyes large, round ; antennae 
of female ciliated ; thorax smoothly clothed with scales only and without 
crests ; tibias moderately fringed with hair ; abdoiren with dorsal series of 
crests, the crests on segments 3, 4, 5 large. Fore wing rather narrow, the 
margins subparallel, the apex rounded, the termen slightly excurved at middle 
and not crenulate ; veins 3 and 5 from near angle of cell ; 6 from upper angle ; 
9 from 10 anastomosing with 8 to form the areole ; 1 1 from cell. Hind wing 
with veins 3, 4 from angle of cell; ^ obsolescent from just below middle of 
discocellulars ; 6, 7 from upper angle ; 8 anastomosing wiih the cell near base 
only. 

3624. Goenycta niveiguttata. 

E)'astria niveiguttata, Hmpsn. J. Bomb. Nat. Hist. Soc. xiv. p. 205 (1902). 

5 . Kead white ; palpi black, the extremities of 2nd and 3rd 
joints white ; frons with triangular black patch on lower part with 
two points above it ; antennse black except basal joint ; thorax 
black with white patch on metathorax ; pectus and legs white, the 
fore and mid tibiae and the 1st joint of tarsi banded with black ; 
abdomen white slightly tinged with fuscous, the crests black. 
Fore wing black with irregular white subbasal, antemedial and 
postmedial patches on costal area with black points on them 
representing the lines and conical white ante- and postmedial 
patches on inner margin ; a white point on costa before the post- 
medial patch and two towards apex; subterminal line represented 

VOL. viir. E 



50 KocTciD^gi:. 

by an angled white striga from costa, striae on termen below veins 
7 and 5 and one at tornus with a few white scales between them ; 
cilia with a fine white line at base. Hind wing white tinged with 
fuscous especially on terminal area; cilia with a fine white line at 




Fig. 14. — Goenycta niveiguttata, ^ . \. 

base ; the underside Avhite, a fuscous bar from middle of costa Avith 
traces of a band from it to inner margin, traces of a band from 
middle of discocellulars to inner margin, excurved beyond lower 
angle of cell, an apical fuscous parch. 

Hab. SiKHiM, 1800' {Dudgeon), 1 $ type. Kvp. 34 millim. 

Genus TYCRACONA. 

Type. 
Tycracona, Moore, Lep. Atk. p. 95 (,1882) ohliqua. 

Proboscis fully developed ; palpi upturned, the 2nd joint reaching to about 
vertex of head and moderately scaled, the 3rd porrect, short ; frons with small 
rounded prominence at middle ; eyes large, round ; antenna laminate ; thorax 
clothed almost entirely with scales and without crests; tibige nn^derately 
fringed with hair; abdomen with dorsal crest at base only. Fore wing tri- 
angular, the apex rounded, the termen evenly curved and slightly crenulate; 
veins 3 and 5 from near angle of cell ; 6 from upper angle ; 9 fi'om 10 anas- 
tomosing with 8 to form the areole; 11 from cell. Hind wing with veins 3, 4 
from angle of cell ; 5 obsolescent from middle of discocellulars ; 6, 7 from 
upper angle; 8 anastomosing with the cell near base only, the termen strongly 
curved. 

3625. Tycracona ohliqua. 

Tycracona ohliqua, Moore, Lep. Atk. p. 95 (1882) ; Waterhouse, Aid, ii. 
pi. 118; Hmpsn. Moths Ind. ii. p. 243. 

Head red-brown ; tegulse red-brown with white tips ; thorax 
grey-white with some red-brown on prothorax and base of patagia ; 
legs brown, the tarsi ringed with whitish ; abdomen grey suffused 
with reddish brown. Pore wing grey-white thickly irrorated with 
brown, the terminal area suffused with red-brown ; some red-brown 
on costa towards base and a slight subbasal streak on subcostal 
nervure with point below it on median nervure ; antemedial line 
very indistinct, double, waved, slightly angled inwards below costa ; 
orbicular defined by brown, minute, round ; reniform a narrow 
white lunule slightly defined by brown ; an oblique black-brown 
band from costa to vein 5 on outer edge of reniform with a black 
fascia from it above vein 4 to near termen ; postmedial line rather 
indistinct, bent outwards below costa, then minutely dentate, 
excurved to vein 4, then incurved ; some white points beyond it on 
costa, defined by whitish on outer side in submedian interspace 



TYCRACONA. — CRANIOPHORA . 



51 



and with slight dark streak in submedian fold from beyond it to 
termen ; an indistinct rather diffused brown subterminal line 
excurved at middle and with slight dark streaks beyond it in the 
interspaces ; a terminal series of slight dark striae with dark marks 




Fig. 15. — Tycracona ohliqua, ($ . \. 

beyond them on the cilia. Hind wing greyish brown with very 
indistinct diffused subterminal band ; the underside white slightly 
tinged with brown, a blackish discoidal bar, minutely waved brown 
postmedial line oblique from costa to vein 5, and brown terminal 
band narrowing to apex and vein 1. 

Hah. SiKHiM {Dudgeon, P'dclier), 2 (^ ; Bhutan (Dudgeon)^ 1 $ ; 
Assam {Badgley), 2 d , 2 $ . Exp. 40-44 millim. 



Genus CRANIOPHORA. 



Type. 



Craniophora, Snell. Vlind. van Ned. p. 262 (1872) ligudri. 

Bisulcia, Chapman, Ent. Rec. i. p. 28 (1890) ligustri. 

Proboscis fully developed ; palpi upturned, the 2nd joint reaching about to 
middle of frons and moderately fringed with hair in front, the 3rd short ; frons 
smooth ; eyes large, round ; antennae simple and laminate in both sexes ; 
thorax clothed with scales mixed with some hair, the prothorax without crest, 
the metathorax with divided crest ; tibiae moderately fringed with hair ; 
abdomen with dorsal series of crests and rough hair at base. Fore wing with 
the apes rounded, the termen evenly curved and slightly crenulate ; veins ?> 
and 5 from near angle of cell ; (3 from upper angle ; 9 from 10 anastomosing 
with 8 to form the areole; 11 from cell. Hind wing with veins 3, 4 from 
angle of cell ; 5 obsolescent from just below middle of discocellulars ; 6, 7 from 
upper angle ; 8 anastomosing with the cell near base only. 



A. Fore wing with prominent black fascia in submedian fold 

extending to termen. 

a. Fore wing with the claviform large, defined by black nigrivitta, 

h. Fore wing with the claviform absent fasciaia. 

B. Fore wing without prominent black fascia in submedian fold. 

a. Fore wing with the ground-colour purplish grey. 

a^. Fore wing with oblique white mark in submedian inter- 
space before medial line albonigra. 

h^. Fore wing without white mark in submedian interspace 

before medial line prmclara. 

b. Fore wing red-brown suffused with purplish fuscous imbilata. 

c. Fore wing with the ground-colour grey- white, 

a}. Hind wing white, the terminal area slightly tinged with 

b ro wn pontica. 

b^. Hind wing uniform brown paragrapha. 

d. Fore wing red-brown with white patch beyond the cell ... iigustri. 

e. Fore wing almost wholly suffused with black-brown obscura. 

e2 



52 N0CTUIDJ5. 

3626. Craniopliora nigrivitta. 

Hyboma nigrivitta, Hmpsn. 111. Het. B. M. viii. p. 72, pi. 144. f. 19 (1891) ; 
id. Moths Ind. ii. p. 242. 

(S . Head aud thorax browu mixed with some whitish ; palpi 
with some blackish scales above ; frons with black bar ; tegulae 
with medial black line with some blackish irroration before it ; 
tibiae streaked with black ; tarsi banded black aud whitish ; 
abdomen whitish suffused with brown and with some fuscous on 
anal tuft. Pore wing greyish suffused with pale brown and slightly 
irrorated with black ; subbasal line represented by double black 
striae from costa; a strong sinuous black streak in submedian fold, 
curved downwards from just before antemedial line to outer edge 
of claviform, then oblique to termcn and cilia ; antemedial line 
double, oblique, waved, angled inwards on vein 1 and to inner 
margin ; claviform defined by black except above, rounded and 
extending to cell ; orbicular and reniform large, defined by black, 
the former round, the latter with slight brown lunule in centre ; 
an oblique black bar from costa to reniform ; postmedial line 
vdouble, the outer line indistinct, slightly bent outwards below 
costa, then dentate and produced to black points on the veins, 
excurved to vein 4, then oblique and angled iawards in' submedian 
fold, a slight black streak in discal fold from it to tcrmen and some 
black points on costa ; the veins of terminal area with slight dark 
streaks ; an indistinct pale waved subterminal line defined on inner 
side by brown forming somewhat dentate marks ; a terminal series 
of small triangular black spots. Hind wing pale suffused with 
ochreous brown; the veins brown; the terminal area suffused 
with fuscous leaving a series of black points on termen defined by 
slight greyish lunules ; cilia ochreous white ; the underside ochreous 
white, the costal area slightly irrorated with brown, a diffused 
blackish subterminal band. 

Hah. Madras, Nilgiris (Hampson), 1 S type. Ea^. 36 millim. 

3627. Craniophora fasciata. 

Acronycta fasciata, Moore, Lep. Ceyl. iii. p. 5, pi. 144. f. 4 (1884) ; Hrapsn. 

Moths Ind. ii. p. 243. 
Hyboma divisa, Moore, P. Z. S. 1888, p. 409 ; Butl. III. Het. B. M. vii. 

p. 46, pi. 125. f. 7. 
Acronycta nigrostriata, Pag. Jahrb. Nass. Ver. xli. p. 128 (1889). 

Head and thorax grey-white mixed with red-brown ; 2nd 
joint of palpi with black band ; frons with black bar ; tegulse with 
black lines near base and tips ; shoulders and outer edge of patagia 
with black streaks ; tibiae streaked with black, the tarsi banded 
with black ; abdomen reddish brown, the ventral surface whitish 
except at extremity. Fore wing whitish irrorated with red-brown, 
the terminal half suffused with red- brown except at inner margiu 
and termen : subbasal line represented by double dark striae from 
costa ; a black streak in submedian fold from base to the ante- 
medial line with dark brown fascia below it and some black-brown 



CKANIOPHOHA. 53 

above it at base ; antemedial line double, waved, oblique ; orbicular 
and reniform incompletely defined by black, the former white with 
red-brown centre, rather elongate elliptical, the latter suflPused with 
red-brown ; medial line dark brown, oblique from costa to lower 
angle of cell, strongly angled inwards in submedian fold and out- 
wards on vein 1, a strong oblique black-brown fascia from it to 
termen in submedian fold; postmedial line double filled in with 
whitish, slightly bent outwards below costa, then minutely waved, 
excurved to vein 4, angled inwards in submedian fold and outwards 
at vein 1, some whitish points beyond it on costa ; an indistinct 
diffused whitish dentate subterminal line with slight dark streaks 
beyond it in the interspaces ; cilia with a series of slight blackish 
lunules at tips. Hind wing ochreous white more or less tinged 
with red-brown, the apical area suffused with red-brown ; cilia 
with a series of brownish marks at tips ; the underside with the 
costal area irrorated with brown, a diffused dark mark on middle 
of costa, small discoidal spot and traces of postmedial line with dark 
spots on and below costa and in discal and submedian folds. 

Hah. Japan, Nikko {Ito), 1 $ , Yokohama {Pryer), 1 c? ; W. China, 
Chang-yang (Pratt), 1 2 ; Kashmir, Scinde Valley (Leech), 1 $ ; 
Punjab, Kulu, Sultanpur ( G. Young), 2 c? , 2 $ , Dharmsala (Eoclcing), 
4 d" , 1 $ type divisa ; Bombay, Kanara, Karwar {Bell), 1 6 ; Ceylon, 
2 (S type ; Burma, Rangoon ; xImboina ; Br. New Guinea, Mt. Kebea 
(Pratt), 1 J , 3 5 , Dinawa (Pratt), 1 ^ , Ekeikei (Pratt), 1 $ . 
Ex^. 36-48 millim. 



3628. Craniophora albonigra. (Plate CXXIV. fig. 3.) 

Acronicta albonigra, Herz. Ann. Mus. Zool. Ac. Imp. Sci. P(§tersb. ix. 
p. 269, pi. 1. f. 3 (1904). 

(S . Head and thorax dark brown mixed with grey-white ; 2nd 
joint of palpi with black band ; tegulae and patagia edged with 
blackish ; tarsi dark brown ringed with white ; abdomen red-brown 
with the dorsal crests blackish. Fore wing violaceous grey suffused 
and irrorated with brown, the inner half to just beyond antemedial 
line suffused with black-brown ; subbasal line represented by 
double black strise from costa and single striga from cell with black 
streak from it to antemedial line, which is double, oblique, waved, 
angled inwards in submedian fold and on vein 1 ; orbicular and 
reniform defined by black, the former with whitish annulus, round; 
medial line oblique from costa to median nervure, incurved to sub- 
median fold, then obliquely excurved, defined by whitish on inner 
side below the cell and with dark suffusion on outer ; postmedial 
line double slightly filled in with whitish towards costa and inner 
margin, slightly bent outwards below costa, then minutely dentate, 
excurved to vein 3, then incurved and angled outwards at vein 1, 
some whitish points beyond it on costa and crossed by an ill-defined 
blackish streak in submedian fold from medial to subterminal lines ; 
an indistinct pale waved subterminal line, excurved below vein 7 



54 KocriJiDJE, 

and at middle and angled inwards at discal and suLmedian folds where 
there is a whitish lunule on it and dark marks beyond it at discal 
and submedian folds ; a terminal series of slight brown lunules ; 
cilia chequered dark brown and whitish. Hind wing whitish 
tinged with ochreous, the terminal area snSused with brown from 
apex to vein 2 ; a slight discoidal lunule ; cilia brownish with pale 
line at base ; the underside grey-white irrorated with brown, a 
slight dark mark from costa before middle, discoidal spot, and traces 
of postmedial line with dark spots on and below costa and in discal 
and submedian folds. 

2 , Fore wing with the white before medial line confined to an 
oblique mark below submedian fold, the subterminal line formed of 
whitish lunules; hind wing wholly red-brown. 

Hah. E. Siberia, Amurland in Coll. Piiugeler ; W. China, Omei- 
shan, 1 S ? Chang-yang {Pratt), 1 § . Exp. 32 millim. 



3629. Craniophora praeclara. (Plate CXXIV. fig. 4.) 

Acronycta 'praclara, Gr^s. Berl. ent. Zeit. xxxv. p. 74 (1890) ; Staud. 
Cat. Lep. pal. p. 134. 

J . Head and thorax purplish grey mixed with fuscous ; 
2nd joint of palpi with black band ; frons with black bars at 
middle and above ; tegulae with diffused black medial line ; 
shoulders and outer edge of patagia with black stripe ; tibiae and 
tarsi banded with black ; abdomen whitish irrorated with fuscous 
and dorsally tinged with brown towards base, the crests blackish. 
Fore wing purplish grey irrorated with fuscous, the basal area 
suffused Avith olive-brown, a difi^used olive-brown hand beyond the 
medial line and a band beyond postmedial line, some yellow at base 
of inner margin ; subbasal line represented by indistinct double 
dark striae from costa and cell ; a black streak in submedian fold 
from base to just before medial line, defined by olive below ; ante- 
medial line double, oblique, waved, angled outwards below costa 
and inwards on vein 1 ; orbicular and reniform lai'ge, with olive 
centres and whitish annuli defined by blackish, the former round, 
the latter with rather irregular outline : a double minutely waved 
medial line, excurved to median nervure, angled inwards in sub- 
median fold and outwards ou vein 1 ; postmedial line double filled 
in with whitish, bent outwards below costa, then minutely dentate, 
incurved below vein 3 and angled outwards on vein 1 ; an obscure 
interrupted black streak in submedian fold from medial line to 
termen and a slight streak in discal fold from postmedial line to 
before termen ; some white points on costa on the dark postmedial 
band ; an ill-defined waved whitish subterminal line, angled out- 
wards at vein 7 and excurved at middle ; a terminal series of slight 
black lunules with olive spots beyond them on the cilia. Hind 
wing whitish uniformly suffused with olive-brown ; some indistinct 
whitish lunules on termen ; cilia chequered olive and whitish ; the 
underside whitish, the veins tinged with olive, the costal area 



CRANIOPHORi.. 55 

slightly irrorated with fuscous, a dark spot on middle of costa, dark 
diseoidal spot and postmedial spots on and below costa, in discal fold 
nearer termen and in submedian fold. 

Ilab. E. Siberia, Amurland, 1 S , Ussnri. Exp. 48 millim. 

8630. Craniophora mibilata. (Plate CXXIY. fig. 5.) 

Euplexia nubilafa, Hmpsu. Moths Ind. ii. p. 208 (1894). 

c? . Head and thorax dark reddish brown tinged with fuscous 
and mixed with some grey scales ; tibiae and tarsi ringed with 
whitish ; abdomen dark brown mixed with blackish and with some 
grey hair at base. Fore wing reddish brown suffused with purplish 
fuscous leaving a browner patch on medial area in and below cell 
and the terminal area browner ; some golden and greenish scales 
on inner margin near base ; subbasal line represented by double 
black striae from costa and a diiSused oblique streak below cell ; 
antemedial line double, black, oblique, slightly waved, angled in- 
wards on vein 1, then outwards above inner margin ; claviform 
absent ; orbicular pale rufous with red-brown centre and indistinctly 
defined by red-brown, round ; reniform a black lunule ; a double 
slightly waved black medial line, oblique from costa to median 
nervure, then incurved and again oblique to inner margin ; post- 
medial line double, black, strongly bent outwards below costa, then 
dentate, the outer line less strongly, excurved to vein 3, then 
incurved ; subterminal line pale rufous, diffused, dentate, approxi- 
mated to postmedial line, angled inwards below vein 3 where there 
is a small wedge-shaped black spot beyond it ; a series of small 
black spots just before termen on indistinct pale lunules ; cilia 
with a fine pale line at base. Hind wing white, the veins, inner 
and apical areas suffused with ochreous brown ; a diffused post- 
medial line and subterminal band ; the underside with black spot 
in middle of cell with two spots above it below costa, a diseoidal 
spot and diffused postmedial line incurved below vein 3. 
Hah. SiKHiM (Mdlkf), 1 cJ type. Exp. 46 millim. 



3631. Craniophora pontica. (Plate CXXIV. fig. 6.) 

Acronycta pontica, Staud. Hor. Soc. Ent. Ross. xiv. p. 364 (1879); Melio- 
ransky, Hor. Soc. Ent. Ross. xxsi. p. 239, pi. 7. f. 6 ; Staud. Cat. Lep. 
pal. p. 132. 

Head and thorax white mixed with black ; 2nd joint of palpi 
with black band ; frons with black bar ; tegulse with black medial 
line and yellowish and black tips ; shoulders and outer edge of 
patagia with black streaks ; tibiae and tarsi banded with black ; 
abdomen white irrorated with fuscous, the crests black. Fore wing 
grey-white irrorated with fuscous, the basal area and a broad band 
beyond the medial line suffused with black, extending to termen 
above toruus ; subbasal line represented by double black striae from 



56 NocTiriD^. 

costa and a single striga from cell with slight black streak beyond 
it in submedian fold ; orbicular white defined by black and with 
brown centre ; reniforra fulvous yellow defined by black and with 
slight fuscous lunale on inner side of centre ; medial line black, 
oblique from costa to median nervare, then bent inwards and oblique 
to inner margin near postmedial line, which is double filled in with 
grey, bent outwards below costa, excurved to vein 4, then strongly 
incurved, some white points beyond it on costa ; a dentate whitish 
subterrainal line defined by black on outer side, angled inwards in 
discal and submedian folds ; a terminal series of small fuscous spots 
defined on inner side by a waved whitish line ; cilia fuscous inter- 
sected with whitish. Hind wing white with some fuscous irroration 
on terminal area and diffused blackish streaks on the veins of 
terminal half; the underside with the costal area slightly irrorated 
with black, a small blackish discoidal spot and faint waved post- 
medial line incurved below costa and vein 4 and with slight spot in 
submedian fold. 

Hah. Spati^-, Castile ; Etjssia, Crimea, 1 S , 12; Armenia; Asia 
MiNOE, Pontus, Taurus ; Kurdistan, Egiu. Exp. 36 millim. 



*3632. Craniophora paragrapha. 

Acronycta paragrapha, Feld. Reis. Nov. pi. 100. f. 8 (1874). 

2 . Head and thorax whitish mixed with dark brown ; palpi 
with black-brown band on 2nd joint ; lower part of frons black- 
brown, a blackish bar above it ; tegulse with blackish line near 
base and dorsal patch at tips ; tibiae and tarsi ringed with black ; 
abdomen dark brown, the base, dorsal crests, anal tuft, and ventral 
surface paler. Fore wing whitish thickly irrorated with dark 
brown ; a diffused brown streak below base of submedian fold ex- 
panding into a patch below base of cell ; subbasal line represented 
by double dark striae from costa ; antemedial line double filled in 
with white, oblique, waved, excurved in cell ; orbicular and reni- 
forra with brown centres and white annuli defined by dark brown, 
the former small, round ; an oblique brown line from costa to outer 
edge of orbicular ; postmedial line double filled in with white, 
lunulate, excurved from costa to vein 4, then incurved and below 
vein 2 bent outwards to near tornus, crossed by a prominent 
blackish fascia above submedian fold, its lower extremity bent 
downwai'ds to tornus, some black and white points beyond it on 
costa; subterminal line white, lunulate, with small wedge-shaped 
black marks beyond it below costa at discal fold and below vein 2; 
a lunulate white terminal line intersected by slight black streaks 
on extremities of the veins ; cilia chequered black-brown and white. 
Hind wing brown, the cilia chequered brown and white ; the 
underside white tinged with brown, a blackish discoidal spot and 
diffused curved crenulate postmedial line. 

Hah. C. CoLONT, Knysna (IVmew), type f § in Coll. Rothschild. 
Exp. 46 millim. 



CRANIOPHORA. 0/ 

3633. Craniophora ligustri. 

Noctua ligustri, SoliifF. Wien. Verz. p. 70 (1776) ; Fabr. Mant. Ins. ii. 

p. 172 (1787) ; Esp. Scbmett. iv. pi. 119. ff. 1-4; Hiibn. Eur. Schmett., 

Noct. f, 21 ; Diip. Lep. Fr. vi. p. 2.%, pi. 89. f. 1 ; Frr. Beitr. pi. 142 ; 

Steph. 111. Brit. Eut., Haust. iii. p. 38 ; Staud. Cat. Lep. pal. 

p. 134. 
JSoctualitterata, Panz.Syst.Nom. SchaiF. Ins. p. 115, pi. 105. ff. 3, 4 (1804). 
Noctua coronula. Haw. Lep. Brit. p. 179 (1809). 
Acronycta sundcDalli, Lampa, Ent. Tidskr. 1885, p. 50. 
Acronycta olivacea, Tutt, Entom. lySB, p. 81 ; Ter. Haar. Tijds. xlii. p. 97, 

pl.SA. f. 1. 
Acronycta nigra, Tutt, Ent. Ree. i. p. 34 (1890). 

Head white mixed with some black-brown ; palpi black-brown 
except at tips ; frons with brown bars above and between antennae, 
which are brown ; thorax black-brown, the tegulse with the basal 
half mostly white with black medial line and white dorsal streak, 
the patagia and vertex of thorax with white patches ; pectus and 
legs brown mixed with brownish white, the tarsi brown ringed 
with white ; abdomen grey dorsally suffused with brown, the crests 
dark. Fore wing dark reddish brown with whitish patches from end 
of cell to postmedial line and on termen at apex and just below 
middle ; subbasal line represented by double black strise from costa 





Fig. 16. — CraniojpTioraligu&tri, <^ . \. 

with bar beyond it in cell and single striga from cell with short 
streak beyond its lower extremity ; antemedial line double, waved, 
oblique, strongly incurved at vein 1 and excurved above inner 
margin; orbicular with white annulus defined by black, round; 
reniform large, defined by black with slight white line on inner 
edge and strong lunule on outer ; medial line a black bar from 
costa to orbicular and sinuous line from cell to inner margin ; 
postmedial line double filled in with white from below costa to 
vein 3, bent outwards below costa, then dentate, incurved at discal 
fold and bent inwards at vein 3 to below end of cell, some white 
points beyond it on costa ; subterminal line represented by white 
lutiules from costa to vein 7 and a white mark angled inwards at 
vein 2 with dentate black mark above it ; a terminal series of small 
black spots with white lunules on their inner side ; cilia chequered 
white and brown. Hind wing white tinged with reddish Ijrown 
especially on the veins and inner area, in female more uniformly 
suffused with brown ; cilia chequered white and reddish brown ; 
the underside white faintly tinged with brown, the costal area 



58 NOCTTJIT)^. 

irrorated with brown, a slight discoidal spot and traces of post- 
medial line excurved from costa to vein 4. 

Ab. 1. nigra. Blacker. 

Ab. 2. sundevalli. Fore wing more olive-brown without white on 
postmedial and terminal areas. 

Hah. Britain, Scotland, Leech Coll., England, Leech Coll. ; France, 
Sand Coll. ; Geumany, Zeller, Frey, & Leech Colls.; Austria, Leech 
Coll. ; HuNGAES^ ; Switzerland, Frey Coll. ; Italy; Greece ; Scandi- 
navia ; Russia, Esthonia, Frey Coll., Livonia, Zeller Coll., Sarepta; 
Armenia ; E. Siberia, Ussuri ; Japan, Oiwake. E.vp. 34-44 millim. 

Larva. Meyr. Brit. Lep. p. 142 ; Barrett, Lep. Brit. iii. p. 272, pi. 123. f. 2. 

Bale bluish green, veutrally yellowish green ; dorsal line whitish ; 
lateral line pale yellow ; spiracles red ; warts black, bearing single 
rather loDg black hairs ; head green. Food-plants : Ash and rarely 
Brivet, Alder, &c. 7-9. 

3634. Craniophora obscura. (Blate CXXIV. fig. T.) 

Craniophora obscura, Leech, Trans. Ent. Soc. 1900, p. 107. 

Head and thorax black mixed with some grey and white ; frons 
with white bars at middle and between antnnae ; tegnhe with the 
basal half white irrorated with black ; patagia with wbitish 
patches ; tarsi black ringed with white ; abdomen grey-white 
irrorated with black and dorsally tinged with brown at base, the 
crests white tipped with black. Fore wing grey-white mostly 
suffused with black-brown and thickly irrorated Avith black ; sub- 
basal line double filled in with greyish, waved, from costa to vein 1 ; 
antcmedial line double filled in with greyish, oblique, waved, a slight 
whitish mark beyond the position of claviform ; orbicular andreniform 
irregularly defined by black, the former with diffused white annulus 
except above, rounded, the latter with two grey stri;e on inner 
edge and two whitish points on outer side near upper extremity ; 
two medial black striae from costa and a faint oblique waved line 
from lower angle of cell to inner margin ; postmedial line double 
filled in with grey lunules, bent outwards below costa, then 
minutely waved, incurved below vein 4, some whitish points 
beyond it on costa ; subterminal line represented by a series of 
indistinct whitish lunules ; a terminal series of small triangular 
black spots, defined on inner side by whitish lunules ; cilia white and 
black mixed and with series of blackish spots. Hind wing white 
tinged with brown, the veins and terminal area from apex to vein 2 
suffused with brown, in female wholly suffused with brown ; a sinuous 
postmedial line ; the termen whitish with series of slight dark 
lunules with blackish spots beyond them on the cilia ; the under- 
side white irrorated with fuscous, a black discoidal spot, postmedial 
Hue waved from costa to vein 4, then oblique, and a terminal series 
of black strise. 

Hab. W. China, Ni-tou, 1 J , 1 $ type, Kwei-chow, 1 $ , Bu- 
tsu-fang, 1 $ . Exj). 42-48 millim. 



ACRONTCTA. 59 

Genus ACRONYCTA. 

Type. 

Acronicfa, Oclis. Schmett. Eur. iv. p. 62 (1815), non descr.... leporina. 

Acronycta, Treit. Schmett. Eur. v. (1) p. 3 (1825) leporina. 

Hyhoma, Hiibn. Verz. p. 200 (1827) strigosa. 

TricBna, Hiibn. Verz. p. 200 (1827) psi. 

Jochecera, Hiibn. Verz. p. 201 (1827) alni. 

Pharetra, Hiibn. Verz. p. 202 (1827) auricoma. 

Arctmnyscis, Hiibn. Verz. p. 202 (1827) aceris. 

Microcoilia, Guen. Noct. i. p. 33 (1852) fragilis. 

Megacronycta, Grote, Bull. Buff. Soc. Nat. Sci. i. p. 79 

(1873) hastulifera. 

Lepitoreuma, Grote, Bull. Buif. Soc. Nat. Sci. i. p. 80 

(1873) ovata. 

Plataplecta, Butl. A. M. N. H. (5)i. p. 195 (1878) pruinosa. 

MasHphanes, Grote, New Check List, p. 23 (1882), non deser. eclolata. 

Viminia, Chapman, Ent. Eec. i. p. 26 (1890) rumicis. 

Cuspidia, Chapman, Ent. Eec. i. p. 27 (1890) ^:IS^. 

Pseudopionda, Butl. Trans. Ent Soc. 1890, p. 672 bicolor. 

Tricholoiiche, Gi'ote, Mitth. Hildersheim Mus. iii. p. 16 

(1896) afflicta. 

Philorgi/ia, Grote, Mitth. Hildersheim Mus. iii. p. 17 

( 1 896) luteicoma. 

Apatela, Hiibn. Tent, ined aceris. 

Proboscis fully developed ; palpi obliquely upturned, the 2nd joint typically 
reaching about to middle of frons and fringed with long hair in front, the 3rd 
short, the palpi sometimes short; frons smooth; eyes large, round ; antennae 
laminate ; thorax typically clothed with hair only, usually with hair and hair- 
like scales mixed with a few scales or chiefly with scales, without crests ; tibiae 
moderately fringed with hair ; abdomen with some rough hair and with basal 
crest typically formed of hair but usually of scales. Fore wing usually broad, 
sometimes narrower and more produced at apex which is rounded ; the termen 
evenly curved and slightly crenulate ; veins 3 and 5 fi-om near angle of cell ; 
6 from upper angle ; 9 from 10 anastomosing with 8 to form the areole ; 11 
from cell. Hind wing with veins 3, 4 from angle of cell ; 5 obsolescent from 
middle of discocellulars ; 6, 7 shortly stalked ; 8 anastomosing with the cell 
near base only. 

Sect. I. {Hyhoma). Thorax clothed chiefly with scales. 

A. Fore wing with distinct black streak from postmedial 
line to termen in submedian fold. 

a. Fore wing with black streak on medial area above 

vein 1. 
«i. Fore wing with black streak in discal fold beyond 

postmedial line theodora. 

¥. Fore wing without black streak in discal fold beyond 
postmedial line. 
ifi. Hind wing pure white. 

«3. Fore wing with the aiitemedial line angled in- 
wards in submedian fold mansueta. 

b^. Fore wing with the antemedial line not angled 

inwards in submedian fold hcmil&uca. 

}fi. Hind wing suffused with brown and with brown 

postmedial line strigosa. 

b. Fore wing without black streak on medial area above 

vein 1. 
a^. Fore wing with the basal black streak giving off a 
spur below at middle. 



60 N0CXtriDJ5. 

ft2. Fore wing with the postmedial line excurved to 
vein 4, then incurved. 
«3. Fore wing white, the antemedial and medial 

lines and thesbade before subterminal line olive. vi7inula. 
b^. Fore wing grey-white without olive-brown 

markings paiiperciila. 

c3. Fore wing blue-grey with olive markings lepetita. 

b'^. Fore wing with the postmedial line shghtly 
angled outwards at veins 4, 3, then incurved. 
a^. Fore wing with the reniform not suffused with 

rufous parallela. 

b^. Fore wing with the reniform suffused with 

rufous albarufa. 

61. Fore wing with the basal black streak not giving off a 
spur below at middle. 
a?. Fore wing with brown shade in subaiedian inter- 
space from base to termen connecta. 

b". Fore wing without brown shade in submedian 
interspace. 
a?. Fore wing without prominent white annulus to 
orbicular. 
«•*. Fore wing without dark suffusion in sub- 
median interspace beyond postmedial line. 
a=. Fore wing with the antemedial line not 
suffused with fuscous at middle. 
a6. Fore wing grey-white with a faint olive 

tinge and slight dark irroration exilis. 

b^. Fore wing grey-white tinged with brown 
and with more prominent dark irro- 
ration modica. 

b^. Fore wing with the antemedial line suffused 
with fuscous at middle. 
0-6. Fore wing with the reniform tinged with 

rufous ovata. 

b^. Fore wing with the reniform not tinged 

with rufous hcBsitata. 

S*. Fore wing witu dark suffusion in submedian 

interspace beyond postmedial line hasta. 

b^. Fore wing with prominent white annulus to 
orbicular, 
a*. Fore wing without black suffusion on medial 
area ; hind wing white. 

ftS. Fore wing not tinged with rufous marmorata. 

b^. Fore wing tinged with rufous albim-bis. 

b^. Fore wing with black suffusion on medial 

area; hind wing brown jancotisci. 

ci. Fore wing without basal black streak (yremdata. 

B. Fore wing without distinct black streak from postmedial 
line to termen in submedian fold. 
a. Fore wing with distinct black streak from base below 
the cell, 
fti. Fore wing white, the markings black and strongly 

contrasting fragilis. 

6'. Fore wing greyish, the markings not strongly con- 
trasting. 
a-. Fore wing with the basal streak extending to well 
beyond antemedial line. 
a3. Fore wing with dark streak in discal fold from 

before postmedial line to termen liturata. 

Ifi. Fore wing with dark suffusion in discal fold 

beyond postmedial line brumosa. 



ACRONYCTA. 61 

^2. Fore wing with the basal streak not extending to 
beyond anteraedial line. 
a3. Fore wing with dark shades beyond postmedial 
line in discal and submedian folds, 
a"*. Fore wing with the basal area not suffused 

with black velia. 

h^. Fore wing w'th the basal area suffused with 

black inclara. 

h^. Fore wing without dark shades beyond post- 
medial line in discal and submedian folds, 
a-t. Fore wing with the anteraedial line minutely 

dentate clarescens. 

b*. Fore wing with the antemedial line strongly 

dentate minella. 

b. Fore wing without distinct black streak from base below 
the cell. 
«!. Fore wing with black-brown shade in submedian 

interspace from base to termen superans. 

b^. Fore wing without black-brown shade in submedian 
interspace. 
a-. Fore wing with black streak above vein 1 before 

postmedial line subochrea. 

b". Fore wing without black streak above vein 1 before 
postmedial line. 
oS. Fore wing white with strongly contrasting 

black markings noctivaga. 

b^. Fore wing greyish with the markings not 

strongly contrasting. 

«*. Fore wing with black streak below the cell 

from subbasal line to beyond antemedial 

line. 

a^. Hind wing white, the veins of terminal 

area streaked with bi-own carbonaria. 

b^. Hind wing wholly tinged with brown, the 

terminal area suffused with brown subornata. 

b*. Fore wing without black streak below the cell 
from subbasal line to beyond antemedial 
line. 
ftS. Hind wing white, the veins of terminal 
area with dark streaks, in female the ter- 
minal area suffused with brown offlicta. 

b^. Hind wing wholly tinged with brown, the 
terminal area suffused with brown. 
a^. Hind wing not tinged with orange. 
a^. Fore wing without prominent white 
spot on postmedial line in submedian 
fold. 
a^. Fore wing without prominent series 
of white lunules on postmedial 
line. 
ft9. Fore wing wholly suffused with 

fuscous brown hamamelis. 

&9. Fore wing with the basal area 

blackish, the rest of wing greyish, increta. 
c . Fore wing more uniform greyish, 
flio. Hind wing suffused with 
brown. 
a^i. Fore wing without purplish 
tinge. 
«'-. Fore wing with the medial 

area whitish rctardata. 



G2 N0CTUIDJ5, 



lA-. Fore wing with the medial 

area slightly paler aesarea. 

ill. Fore wing tinged with 

purplish impJeta. 

<!*io. Hind wing white tinged with 

grey illita. 

Ifi. Fore wing with prominent series of 
wliitish lunules on postmedial line. 
«9. Fore wing whitish grey, the white 
orbicular not strongly con- 
trasting. 
«io. Fore wing with the orbicular 

round pndnosa. 

ii". Fore wing with the orbicular 

more elongate elliptical consanyuis. 

U->. Fore wing browner grey, the 
white orbicular strongly con- 
trasting alhistigma. 

h^. Fore wing with prcjminent white spot 
on postmedial line in submedian 

fold rumicis. 

b^. Hind wing more or less strongly tinged 
with orange. 
a'. Hind wing without dark discoidal 

lunule lutea. 

hi. Hind wing with dark discoidal lunule catocaloida. 



3635. Acronycta theodora. (Plate CXXIV. fig. 9.) 

Acronycta theodora, Schaus, Trans. Am. Ent. Soc. xxi. p. 223 (1894) ; 
Druce, Biol. Centr.-Amer., Het. ii. p. 472, pi. 93. f. 3. 

Head and thorax grey-white slightly tinged with brown and 
irrorated with black scales ; 2ijd joint of palpi with black band ; 
frons with black bar ; tegulsB with slight black line near base and 
black tips : shoulders and outer edge of patagia streaked with 
black ; tibiae streaked with black, the tarsi banded with black ; 
abdomen whitish suffused with red-brown. Fore wing grey-white 
irrorated with black ; subbasal line represented by double black 
striae from costa and cell, with black fascia from it to antemedial 
line in submedian fold ; antemedial line double, oblique, waved, 
angled outwards below costa and inwards in submedian fold and on 
vein 1, a black fascia above vein 1 from just beyond it to post- 
medial line ; orbicular and reniform defined by black ; the former 
round, the latter with its centre defined by ftiscous ; an oblique 
fuscous bar from costa to reniform and indistinct dentate line from 
cell to inner margin closely approximated to the postmedial line, 
Avhich is double, bent outwards below costa, then dentate, strongly 
incurved below vein 3 and angled outwards on vein 1, with a black 
fascia in submedian fold from it to termen, towards which it forks, 
a streak in discal fold from it to subterminal line and some white 
points beyond it on costa ; a subterminal series of whitish lunules 
from below costa to vein 4 defined on inner side by fuscous 
suffusion ; a terminal series of small wedge-shaped black spots 



ACRONYCTA. 63 

with black streaks beyond them intersecting the cilia. Hind wing 
white, the costa and inner margin slightly tinged with brown, the 
veins brown ; a terminal series of small black lunules with black 
spots beyond them on the cilia ; the underside with the costal area 
slightly irrorated with brown, a blackish bar from middle of costa, 
a small discoidal spot and postmedial line with minute black streaks 
on the veins, bent inwards at vein 4, then oblique to near tornus. 

Hah. Mexico, Jalapa (Trujillo), 1 $ ; Guatemala {Rodriguez), 
1 (J , Godman-Salvin Coll. Exp. 44 millim. 



3636. Acronycta mansueta, (Plate CXXIV. fig. 10.) 

Acronycta mansioeta. Smith, Ent. News Philad. viii. p. 151 (1897) ; 
Smith & Dyar, Pr. U.S. Nat. Mus. xxi. p. 100, pi. xii. f. 7 ; Djar, Cat. 
Lep. N. Am. p. 102. 

5 . Head and thorax violaceous grey mixed with dark brown ; 
palpi white at base and with black band on 2nd joint ; frons with 
dark brown bar above and white bars between antennae; shoulders 
and outer edge of patagia with black-brown streak ; tibiae with 
black streaks, the tarsi banded black and white ; abdomen greyish 
suffused with brown, the basal crest large and dark. Fore wing 
violaceous grey irrorated and in parts suffused with brown especially 
on inner and postmedial areas; subbasal line represented by an 
oblique black striga from costa ; a slight black streak in submedian 
fold from base to antemedial line giving off a streak above vein 1 
extending to medial line, another streak below vein 1 from near 
base to medial line ; antemedial line double, oblique, waved, angled 
outwards below costa and inwards in submedian fold ; orbicular 
and reniforra whitish slightly defined by brown, the former round, 
the latter rather narrow and with brownish centre, some brown 
suffusion from costa extending between their upper parts ; post- 
medial line double filled in with white, the inner line indistinct, 
bent outwards below costa, then minutely waved, slightly angled 
outwards at veins 4, 3, 1 , incurved below vein 3, a diffused oblique 
black streak from it at submedian fold to termen at vein 3, some 
whitish points beyond it on costa ; a diffused white subterminal 
line excurved below vein 7 and at middle and angled inwards at 
discal and submedian folds, defined by brownish on outer side and 
with slight dark streaks in the interspaces from it to the terminal 
points ; cilia white with slight dark line near base and intersected 
by slight streaks. Hind wing pure white with slight dark terminal 
line ; the underside with the costal area slightly irrorated with 
browni, a slight discoidal point. 

Hah. U.S.A., Washington, Colorado, Glenwood Springs, 1 5 , 
Garfield Co., California, Los Angeles, Nevada Co., Sierra Nevada. 
Eivp. 34 millim. 



04 NOCTUIDxE. 



*3637. Acronycta hemileuca. (Plate CXXIV. fig. 11.) 

Acronycta hemileuca, Piing. Iris, xii. p. 291, pi. 8. f. 6 (1899); Stand. 
Cat. Lep. pal. p. 132. 

c? Head and thorax grey tinged with brown and mixed with 
black ; palpi with the 2nd joint black towards tip ; tarsi brown 
ringed with white ; abdomen white dorsally mixed with fuscous, 
the basal crest tinged with brown. Fore wing violaceous grey 
tinged with brown and irrorated and sufi'used with black ; a black 
streak below the cell extending to beyond antemedial line ; sub- 
basal line represented by two black striae from costa ; antemedial 
line double, rather diffused, oblique to submedian fold, then waved; 
the medial area with black streak above vein 1 ; orbicular with 
slight brownish centre and pale annulus incompletely defined by 
black, its lower extremity produced ; reniform with its centre 
defined by fuscous and whitish annulus defined by black : a diffused 
oblique blackish bar from middle of costa ; postpaedial line double, 
bent outwards below costa, then dentate, oblique to vein 4, then 
strongly incurved, crossed by a black streak in submedian fold 
from just before it to termen, some pale points beyond it on costa ; 
a faint diffused lunulate subterminal shade from costa to vein 1 ; 
a wedge-shaped white mark below the extremity of the black 
streak in submedian fold ; a terminal series of small black Innules ; 
cilia grey intersected with fuscous. Hind wing pure white with 
slight brown irroration at apex and terminal series of brown striae ; 
the underside with the costa very slightly tinged with brown, traces 
of a discoidal lunula and curved postmedial line from costa to 
vein 4. 

Hab. TiiiET, Kuku-nor in Coll. Piingeler. Exjj. 32 millim. 



3638. Acronycta strigosa. 

Noctua strigosa, Schiff. Wien. Verz. p. 88 (1776) ; Fabr. Mant. Ins. ii. 

p. 142 (1787); Fit. Beitr. pi. 11; Steph. 111. Brit. Ent., Haust. 

iii. p. 39; Wood, Ind. Ent. pi. 52. f. 1665; Staud. Cat. Lep. pal. 

p. 132. 
Noctua favillacea, Esp. Schmett. iv. pi. 127. f. 4 (1788); Capieur, Naturf. 

1789" p. 98, pi. 3. ff. 5-8 ; Hiibn. Eur. Selimett, ]S^oct. f. 2; Dup. L6p. 

Fr. vi. p. 230, pi. 87. f. 4. 
Acronycta bryaphiloides, Horm, Ent. Nachr. xvii. p. 145 (1891). 
Acronycta cas2Mrii, Steinert, Iris, x. p. 398 (1897), & xii. pi. 2. i. 6; 

Caspari, Jahrb. Nass. Iii. p. 177, pi. 4. ff. 2, 3. 

Head and thorax pale brown slightly mixed with fuscous ; 2nd 
joint of palpi with black band ; frons with black bars above and 
between antennae ; shoulders and outer edges of patagia with black 
stripes ; tibiae slightly streaked with black, the tarsi banded with 
black above ; abdomen brownish ochreous slightly irrorated with 
fuscous. Fore M'ing greyish ochreous tinged with brown and 
irrorated with fuscous ; subbasal line represented by a black striga 
from costa ; a sinuous black streak in submedian fold from base to 



acronycta; 



65- 



antemedial line giving off a streak above vein 1 ; the base of inner 
margin yellow with some diffused black above it ; antemedial line 
double, irregularly waved, oblique ; the medial area with black 
streak above vein 1 defined by brown above ; orbicular defined by 
black, produced to a point at lower extremity, the reniform ochreous 
white defined by black on inner side, some brown suff'usion between 
them ; a dark striga from middle of costa ; postmedial line double 
filled in with whitish, strongly bent outwards below costa, then 
dentate, strongly incurved below vein 4 and angled outwards on 
vein 1, a black streak from just before it to near termen, strong 
beyond the line, and some pale points with slight dark streaks 
between them beyond it on costa ; a terminal series of small black 
spots with slight dark streaks from them intersecting the cilia, 
which have a slight dark line through them. Hind wing ochreous 




Fig. 17. — Acronycta strigosa, ^. \. 

white tinged and irrorated with brown, especially on inner and 
terminal areas, in female more uniformly brown ; a faint post- 
medial line excurved to vein 4, then incurved ; the underside white 
slightl}" irrorated with brown, a black discoidal spot, postmedial 
line oblique to vein 4, then incurved, and terminal series of small 
black lunules. 

Ab. 1. bryophiloides. Fore wing with the ground-colour moro 
uniform dark grey. 

Hab. Britain, Leech Coll. ; France, Sand Coll. ; Germany, 
Zeller and Leech Colls. ; Austria, Bucovina ; Hukgart, Leech 
Coll, ; Switzerland ; Rumelia ; Russia, Frey Col., Livonia, 
Zeller Coll,, St. Petersburg, Sarepta ; Armenia; W. Siberia; 
E. Siberia, Amurland, Ussuri ; Japan, Yesso (Fryer\ 1 5 , Hako- 
date (Leech), 1 $ , Oiwake (Pryer), 2 5 ; Corea, Gensan (Leech), 
1 2 ; W. China, Ta-chien-lu (Pratt), 1 J. LI.vp. 30-38 millim. 

Larva. Meyr. Brit. Lep. p. 141 ; Barrett, Lep. Brit. iii. p. 243, pi. 121. f. 2. 

Green, rarely purple-brown ; an irregular dorsal crimson-brown 
stripe, scattered blackish, ochreous and wliitish hairs : 11th somite 
with dorsal prominence ; head dark brown. Food-plant : Haw- 
thorn. 7-9. 



3639. Acronycta vinnula. (Plate CXXIV, fig, 12.) 

Microccelia vinnula, Grote, Proc. Ent. Soc. Phil. ii. p. 436, pi. ix. f. 2 
(1864); Smith & iJyar, Pr. U.S. Nat. Mus. xxi. p. 93, pi. iv. f. H ; 
Smith, Cat. Noct. N. Am. p. 38. 

$. Head and thorax white; 2nd joint of palpi with black 

VOL. VIII. F 



66 NOCTTJTD.E. 

band ; frons with lateral black points ; antennae fuscous, white at 
base, the basal joint black behind ; tegulse fuscons at tips ; pro- 
thorax wilh pair of black spots; shoulders and outer edge of 
patagia with black stripe; metathorax edged with black behind; 
tibiae slightly streaked with black, the tarsi banded black and 
white ; abdomen white irrorated with blackish and dorsally tinged 
with brown except at extremity. Fore wing white slightly irro- 
raled with olive-grey and with some olive-grey suffusion above base 
of inner margin, between orbicular and reniform and on postmedial 
area ; subbasal line represented by double black striae from costa ; 
a sinuous black streak in subraedian fold from base to antemedial 
line, giving off slight spurs below at middle and above at ante- 
medial line, which is double, oblique, waved ; orbicular defined by 
black, small, round, incomplete above ; reniform defined b}^ black, 
indistinctly on outer side, and with some olive in centre ; medial 
line olive, blackish at costa, oblique to median nervure, slightly 
angled outwards at vein 1 ; postmedial line black, double at costa, 
slightly bent outwards below costa, then minutely waved, excurved 
to vein 4, then incurved, a black streak from it to termen in 
submedian fold, some white points with short black streaks between 
them beyond it on costa ; subterminal line defined by the contrast 
between the postmedial and terminal areas, dentate, angled out- 
wards at veins 7, 6, and inwards in discal fold, a short black 
streak beyond it in discal fold ; a terminal series of small triangular 
black spots with blackish streaks from them intersecting the cilia. 
Hind wing whitish suffused with brown ; a terminal series of dark 
striae ; cilia white with a brownish line through them towards 
apex ; the underside white faintly tinged with brown in parts and 
the costal area slightly irrorated with brown, a blackish discoidal 
spot and diffused postmedial line irregularly waved from costa to 
vein 5, then oblique, some slight black lunules on termen. 

Hab. Canada; U.S.A., New York {Grote), 1 $, Albany, Evans 
Center, Long I., New Jersey, 1 $ , Mississippi, Missouri, Texas. 
Krp. 32-36 millim. 

Larva. Smith & Dyar, Pr. U.S. Nat. Mus. xxi. p. 94. 

Head green with a brown spot at the vertex of each lobe. Body 
robust, green with a pale lateral line ; tubercle i. of joint 5 elevated, 
brown. Food-plant : Elm. — H. G. D. 



3640. Acroiiycta paupercula. (Plate CXXIV. fig. 13.) 

Acron'icia paupercula. Grrote, Proc. Ac. Nat. Sci. Phil. 1874, p. 197 ; Smith 
& Dyar, Pr. U.S. Nat. Mus. xxi. p. 97, pi. xii. f. 2 ; Smith, Cat. Noct. 
N. Am. p. 38. 

5 . Head and thorax white mixed with pale brownish ; palpi 
with black band on 2nd joint ; antennae brown, the basal joint 
black behind ; shoulders and outer edges of patagia with black 
streaks ; tibiae streaked with black, the tarsi blackish ringed with 
white ; abdomen whitish dorsally suffused with brown. Fore wing 



ACRONTCTA. 67 

white slightly irrorated with dark brown and tinged with brown 
in parts ; subbasal line represented by double dark striae from 
costa ; a sinuous black streak in submedian fold giving off spurs 
below at middle and above at antemedial line, which is double, 
oblique, waved, angled inwards in submedian fold ; orbicular and 
reniform defined by black, the former small, rather elliptical, the 
latter produced at upper and lower extremities ; a slightly waved 
medial line, indistinct except from costa to reniform ; postmedial 
line double filled in with white, the inner line indistinct, bent 
outwards below costa, excurved to vein 4, then incurved, some 
Avhite points with minute dark streaks between them bej^ond it on 
costa, and crossed by a black streak in submedian fold from well 
before it to termen ; a faint white subterminal line slightlj^ 
excurved at vein 7 and middle, crossed by a minute dark streak in 
discal fold ; a terminal series of small black spots with streaks from 
them intersecting the cilia. Hind wing white tinged with brown 
especially on the veins and terminal area; a terminal series of faint 
brown spots with slight marks beyond them on the cilia ; the 
underside white slightly irrorated Avith brown, a discoidal spot and 
indistinct postmedial line with dark spots at costa and submedian 
fold. 

Hah. U.S.A., Texas, 2 $ type. Exp. 36-38 millim. 



*3641. Acronycta lepetita. (Plate CXXIV. fig. 14.) 
Acronycta lepetita, Smith, Ann. N.Y. Ac. Sci. xviii. p. 94 (1908). 

Head, thorax, and abdomen bhiish grey mixed with olive-brown ; 
palpi black at sides ^ a black point at base of antenna). Fore wing 
blue-grey mixed with olive-brown, the postmedial area more 
suff'used with olive especially towards costa and above submedian 
streak ; a black streak below base of cell extending to antemedial 
line towards which it forks, with a slight spur below at middle ; 
subbasal line represented by an olive spot on costa ; antemedial 
line double, olive-grey, very oblique to submeian fold near 
middle ; orbicular slightly defined by black, oblique elliptical, some- 
times confluent with the reniform, which is slightly tinged with 
fuscous and incompletely defined by black, rather irregularly lunu- 
late ; medial shade oblique to the reniform, then obsolete ; post- 
medial line double filled in with whitish, the outer line black, bent 
outwards below costa and slightly incurved below vein 4, crossed 
by a slight black streak in submedian fold extending to termen ; 
subterminal line only defined by the darker postmedial area; a 
terminal series of black points. Hind wing fuscous, paler at base ; 
cilia whitish ; the underside with discoidal spot and more or less 
distinct postmedial line. 

Hah. U.S.A., Texas, Brownsville. Exp. 26-28 millim. This 
species is unknown to me ; figured from a drawing from type in 
Coll. J. B. Smith. 

f2 



G8 NOCTUID^, 

3642. Acronycta parallela. (Plate CXXIV. fig. 15.) 

Apatela parallela, Grote, Can. Ent. xi. p. 58 (1879) ; Smith & Djar, Pr. 
U.S. Nat. Mus. xxi. p. 110, pi. iii. f. 9 ; Smith, Cat. Noct. N. Am. p. 38. 

c? . Head and thorax violaceous grej' mised with dark brown, 
the vertex of head and medial part of teguliE suffused with black ; 
palpi white at base, the 2nd joint with black band ; shoulders and 
outer edges of patagia with black-brown stripes ; tibiae with slight 
black streaks, the tarsi banded dark brown and white ; abdomen 
white dorsally irrorated with reddish brown. Fore wing violaceous 
grey suffused with brown and slightly irrorated with fuscous : 
subbasal line represented by double dark strioe from costa and 
single strigafrom cell; a black streak in submedian fold from base 
to antemeclial line giving off a spur below at middle ; antemedial 
line double, the inner line strong from costa to submedian fold, 
oblique, sinuous, angled outwards below costa and inwards in sub- 
median fold ; orbicular and reniform defined by black, the former 
round with slight dark centre, the latter large ; a black striga from 
middle of costa to orbicular ; postmedial line double filled in with 
whitish, the inner line indistinct, strongly bent outwards below 
costa, then minutely waved, slightly incurved at discal fold, 
incurved below vein 4, a rather diffused dark streak in submedian 
fold from it to near termen and some white points beyond it on 
costa ; subterrainal line whitish excurved below vein 7 and at 
middle, then incurved : a terminal series of black points and fine 
terminal line ; cilia intersected by slight streaks and with fine dark 
line near base. Hind wing semihyaline white ; the underside with 
the costal area slightly irrorated with pale brown and some slight 
dark striae on termen. 

Hah. U.S.A., Texas, Colorado, 2 (S type, Garfield Co., Denver. 
Exp. 34 millim. 



3643, Acronycta albarufa. (Plate CXXIV. fig. 16.) ' 

Acronycta alhariifa, Grote, Proc. Best. Soc. N. H. xtI. p. 239 (1874); 

Smith & Dyar, Pr. U.S. Nat. Mus. xxi. p. 134, pi. iii. f. 10, & pi, xii. 

1". 9 ; Smith, Cat. Noct. N. Am. p. 38. 
Acronycta walker U Andrews, Can. Ent. ix. p. 98 (1877). 

(5 . Head and thorax violaceous grey suffused with brown ; 2nd 
joint of palpi with black band ; frons with black bar ; tegulge with 
strong black line near base ; shoulders and outer edge of patagia 
with black streak ; tibi« slightly streaked with black, the tarsi 
banded with black ; abdomen whitish irrorated with fuscous and 
dorsally tinged with brown. Fore wing violaceous grey tinged 
w4th brown and slightly irrorated with fuscous ; subbasal line 
represented by double black striae from costa ; a curved black 
streak in submedian fold slightly deKned by whitish above from 
base to the antemedial line, which is double, black, angled outwards 
below costa and inwards in submedian fold, then almost obsolete ; 



ACEoisrrcTA'. 69 

orbicular and reniform whitish defined by black, the former rounds 
the latter with rufous centre, the cell between them suffused with 
black ; a medial black bar from costa and traces of a line from cell 
to inner inarsin ; postmedial line black slightly defined by whitish 
on inner side, strongly bent outwards below costa, then dentate, 
strongly incurved below vein 3 and angled outwards on vein 1, a 
black streak from it to termen in submedian fold and some whitish 
points on costa ; an indistinct whitish subterminal line excurved 
below vein 7 and at middle, and angled inwards in discal and sub- 
median folds, with slight black streaks in the interspaces from it to 
the terminal series of minute lunules which have black streaks 
irom thern^intersecting the cilia through which there is a dark 
line. Hind wing pure white, the termen slightly tinged witli 
brown at apex : a terminal series of slight brown lunules ; cilia 
with a diffused brown line through them ; the underside with the 
costal area slightly irrorated with brown, a small discoidal spot and 
traces of a curved postmedial line waved on costal area. 

2 . Hind wing wholly suffused with brown, a slight discoidal 
spot and diffused sinuous postmedial line. 

Bab. Canada, Manitoba, Aweme (Criddle), 1 J ; U.S.A., 
Massachusetts, 'New York, Center {Llntner), 1 (5,4 5, Georgia, 
Minnesota, St. Paul, Missouri, 1 j type, Colorado, Denver, New 
Mexico. Ea^jj. 36-40 millim. 

3644. Acronycta connecta. (Plate CXXIV. fig. 17.) 

Acronycta connecta, Grote, Bull. Buff. Soc. Nat. Sci. i. p. 79 (1873); 
Smith & Djar, Pr. U.S. Nat. Mus. xxi. p. 116, pi. ii. f. 1(3; Smith, Cat. 
Noet. N. Am. p. 43. 

Head and thorax white slightly tinged with brown ; 2nd joint 
of palpi with black band ; frons with blackish bars above and 
between antenuse ; shoulders and outer edges of patagia with black 
streaks ; tarsi black ringed with grey ; abdomen grey-white dorsally 
tinged with biown. Fore wing grey-white slightly tinged with 
brown and irrorated with fuscous, the area between the cell and 
veins 3 and 1 suffused with fuscous, the costal area tinged with 
fuscous on terminal half, the veins with slight dark streaks ; sub- 
basal line represented by an oblique black striga from costa ; 
a black streak in submedian fold from base to just beyond the 
antemedial line which is double, the lines widely separated towards 
costa, oblique, waved, angled inwards in submedian fold and on 
vein 1 ; orbicular defined by black except above, somewhat produced 
to a point at lower extremity, and with black suffusion between it 
and reniform, which is defined by black on inner side, ill-defined on 
outer and with some brown in centre ; an oblique black striga from 
middle of costa ; postmedial line black defined by whitish on inner 
side, double at costa, strongly bent outwards below costa, then 
minutely dentate, strongly incurved beloAV vein 3 and excurved 
below submedian fold, a black streak in submedian fold from well 
before it to termen and a slight streak in discal fold from it to 



70 . NOCTtriDiE. 

termen, some wbiitish points beyond it on costa ; an indistinct 
whitish subterminal line excnrved below vein 7 and at middle 
and angled inwards in submedian fold ; a terminal series of 
small triangular black spots with brownish marks beyond them ou 
the cilia. Hind wing white faintly tinged with yellowish at base 
and fuscous on terminal area, the veins brownish ; a series of 
slight brown striae on termen; the underside slightly irrorated with 
brown, a faint discoidal spot and postmedial line excurved to vein 4, 
then incurved and with dark spot in submedian fold. 

Hah. Canada; U.^.A., Now York, Staten I., Evans Center {Grote), 
1 (5 , 1 $ type, Distr. of Columbia, Washington, Illinois. Exp. 
38 millim. 

Larva. Smith & Dyar, Pr. U.S. Nat. Mus. xxi. p. 116. 

Head greyish, with a brown band on the vertex of each lobe. 
Body whitish green with an orange subdorsal line, running along 
tubercle ii. ; tubercles i. and ii. black, distinct ; a double black bent 
line on ioint 2 ; hairs single dorsally, multiple laterally. Tood- 
plaut : Willow.— H. G. D. 



3645. Acronycta exilis. (Plate CXXIV. fig. 18.) 

Acronycta exilis, Grote, Proo. Ac. Nat. Sci. Phil. 1874, p. 197 ; Smith, 

Cat. Noct.N. Am. p. 44. 
Acronycta modica. Smith & Dyar, Pr. U.S. Nat. Mus. xxi. p. 138 (part.). 

$ . Head and thorax grey-white, the vertex of head tinged with 
rufous ; palpi white, the 2nd and 3rd joints with black bands ; 
frons with black bar ; shoulders with black streaks ; tegiilae with 
some blackish at middle ; tibiae slightly streaked with black, the 
tarsi banded with black ; abdomen grey-white. Fore wing grey- 
white with a faint olive tinge and slight black irroralion ; subbasal 
line represented by double black strise from costa ; a slight black 
streak in submedian fold from base to the antemedial line, which is 
double, oblique, waved ; orbicular and reniform whitish, defined by 
blackish, open above and below and with rufous centres, the former 
large, somewhat oblique elliptical ; a black bar from costa to orbi- 
cular and slight oblique line from lower angle of cell to inner 
margin ; postmedial line double, oblique from costa to vein 6, 
slightly angled inwards in discal fold and incurved below vein 3 ; 
a slight black streak in submedian fold from it to termen and some 
black points on costa ; an indistinct whitish subterminal line ex- 
curved below vein 7 and at middle ; a terminal series of black 
points defined by slight whitish lunules ; cilia with a dark line 
through them. Hind wing greyish uniformly suffused with brown ; 
cilia whitish with a slight brown line through them ; the underside 
white irrorated with brown, a blackish discoidal spot, waved post- 
medial line incurved below vein 4, and terminal series of slight 
lunules. 

Hab. U.S.A., New York, Albany {Bailey), 2 $ type. Ea-j). 34 
millim. 



ACKONYCTA. 71 

3646. Acronycta modica. (Plate CXXIV. fig. 19.) 

Acronycta modica, Wlk. ix. 56 (1856); Smith & Dyar, Pr. U.S. Nat. Mus. 
sxl. p. 138, pi. ii. f. 4, & pi. iv. f. 9; Smith, Cat. Noct. N. Am. p. 44. 

Head, thorax, and abdomen grey-white slightly tinged with 
brown and irrorated with fuscous ; 2nd joint of palpi with black 
band ; frons with black bar ; tegulae with slight black medial line ; 
shoulders with black streaks ; tibiae with slight black streaks, the 
tarsi banded with black. Fore wing gre3'-white tinged with brown 
and slightly irrorated with fuscous ; subbasal line represented by 
double black striae from costa and single striga from cell ; ante- 
medial line double, oblique, waved ; orbicular and reniform whitish 
defined by a few black scales and with brownish centres, the former 
round ; a blackish striga from middle of costa and a faint line from 
lower angle of cell to inner margin ; postmedial line double filled 
in by whitish, bent outwards below costa, then minutely waved 
and produced to short black streaks on the veins, incurved below 
vein 3, crossed by a black streak in submedian fold from well 
before it to near termen, some white points with minute black 
streaks between them beyond it on costa; subterminal line white, 
slightly angled outwards at vein 7 and excurved at middle and 
with a minute black streak on it at discal fold ; a terminal series 
of black striae defined by whitish lunules ; cilia with slight dark 
line through them and series of black points at tips. Hind wing 
greyish tinged with yellowish on basal and inner areas, the terminal 
area suffused with fuscous and the veins of terminal half with 
dark streaks ; a slight discoidal spot ; cilia ochreous white Avith a 
slight dark line through them ; the underside white irrorated with 
fuscous, a blackish discoidal spot, rather diffused waved postmedial 
line, and terminal series of small lunules. 

Hah. U.S.A., Massachusetts, New York (Doiihledat/, Grote), 2 S , 
2 5> type, Pennsylvania, New Brighton (Merriclc), 1 <S , Distr. of 
Columbia, Washington, Minnesota, Texas, I cS , I 2 • ■^•^■p' 38-42 
millim. 

Larva. Head brown-mottled, a black line around clypeus. Body 
brown with a dark lateral shade, heaviest above, joining acro.'^s on 
joints 12-13; hairs nearly single, fine, obscure. Pood-plant: Oak. 
— H. G. D. 

3647. Acronycta ovata. (Plate CXXIV. fig. 20.) 

Acrom/cta ovata, Grote, Bull. Buff. Soc. Nat. Sci. i. p. 80, pi. ii. f 14 
(1873) ; Smith & Dyar, Pr. U.S. Nat. Mus. xxi. p. 135, pi. iv. ff. 7-8, & 
pi. xii. f. 10 ; Smith, Cat. Noct. N. Am. p. 43. 

Head and thorax grey-white mixed with brown ; 2nd joint of 
palpi with black band ; shoulders with black streaks ; tibiae streaked 
with black, the tarsi ringed with black ; abdomen grey tinged with 
brown and irrorated with fuscous. Pore wing grey tinged with 
brown and irrorated with fuscous; subbasal line represented by 
double black striae from costa and single striga from cell; a rather 



lH NOCTCID^. 

diffused curved black streak in submedian fold from base to the 
antemedial line where it expands into a black patch, the line 
double, the two parts widely separated towards costa and with 
black spots at costa, angled outwards below costa and inwards 
below cell ; orbicular and reniform defined by black, the former 
round, the latter with its centre defined by red-brown ; a very 
obiiijue brown striga from costa to reniform and traces of a line 
from lower angle of cell to inner margiu ; postmedial line double 
filled in with whitish and with small black spots at costa, bent 
outwards beb)w costa, then minutely waved and slightly angled at 
veins 4, 3, then strongly incurved and angled outwards at vein 1, 
a black streak in submedian fold from its inner side to termen and 
some whitish points with black marks between them beyond it on 
costa ; a pale minutely dentate subterminal line slightly defined 
by fuscous on outer side, angled outwards at vein 7, excurved at 
middle and angled inwards at discal and submedian folds, a slight 
black mark beyond it in discal fold and slight streaks in the inter- 
spaces to the terminal series of small black lunules which have 
fuscous marks beyond them on the cilia. Hind wing whirish 
suffused with reddish brown, the terminal area rather darker ; traces 
of a slight discoidal spot and postmedial line excurved to vein 4, then 
incurved ; a terminal series of slight brown lunules ; cilia whitish 
with a brownish line through them ; the underside whitish tinged 
and irrorated with brown, a blackish discoidal spot, postmedial 
line waved to vein 4, then incurved, and terminal series of slight 
lunules. 

Bab. U.S.A., Massachusetts, Newton, New York, Albany {Bailey), 
1 c?, 1 2, Pennsylvania, 1 S type, New Brighton {Merrick), 1 5 ■, 
Distr. of Columbia, Washington, Minnesota, St. Paul, Texas and 
West to foot of Rocky Mts. Exij. cS6-38 millim. 

This is probably a variety of A. modica with the bascl streak 
and antemedial line of fore wing more prominent. 

Larva. Smith & Dyar, Pr. U.S. Nat. Mus. sxi. p. 137, \A. v. f. 3. 

Head brown. Body brown, a narrow dorsal darker line ; a double 
row of white dorsal blotches on tubercle i. Food-jjlant : Oak. — 
H. G. D. 

3648. Acronycta haesitata. (Plate CXXIV. fig. 21.) 

Lepitoreuma hcesitata, Grote, Bull. U.S. Geol. Geog. Surv. Terr. vi. p. 575 

(1882) ; Smith, Gat. Noct. N. Am. p. 44. 
Acronycta claresoens, Smith & Dyar, Pr. U.S. Nat. Miis. xxi. p. 110, pi. iii. 

f. 3, & pi. sii. f. 11 (nee Guen.). 

$ . Head and thorax bluish white mixed with dark brown ; 
palpi white at base and with black band on 2nd joint; tegulae 
with strong medial black line; shoulders with black streaks; 
tibite streakedwith black, the tarsi banded with black; abdomen 
bluish grey irrorated with black. Fore wing bluish grey tinged 
with brown and slightly irrorated with black, especially on the 
veins ; subbasal line represented by double black striae from costa 



ACEONYCTA. 73 

and single striga from cell with black streak beyond it in sub- 
median fold defined bj' white above ; antemedial line double, rather 
difi'used and filled in bj^ brownish in and just below cell, angled 
outwards below costa, then oblique and slightlj' waved ; orbicular 
and reniform slightly defined by black, the former with brown 
centre and white annulus, round, the latter with brown- suffused 
centre and slight pale annulus, open above and below ; a blackish 
mark on middle of costa and faint waved line from lower angle of 
cell to inner margin ; postmedial line double filled in with slight 
whitish spots, bent outwards below costa, then minutely dentate 
and produced to short black streaks on the veins, excurved to 
vein 4, then incurved and angled outwards on vein 1, crossed by 
a slight black streak in si;bmedian fold from well before it to near 
termen, some whitish points beyond it on costa ; a minutely dentate 
white subterminal line with slight black mark beyond it in discal 
fold ; a terminal series of minute triangular black spots deh'ned by 
whitish lunules and rather larger spot below vein 2 ; cilia with 
blackish line near base and whitish tips. Hind wing fuscous 
brown; the cilia whitish with a slight brown line near base; the 
underside white irrorated with brown, a large blackish discoidal 
. lunule, waved postmedial line with blackish spot in submedian 
fold, and terminal series of small lunules. 

Hah. Canada ; U.S.A., Maine, Kittery Point, New Hampshire, 
Massachusetts, New York, Pennsylvania, 3 5 fjpe, Texas, Arizona. 
Exp. 42 millim. 

Larva. Like A. ovata, without the white dorsal spots. — H. G. .D. 



3649. Acronycta hasta. (Plate CXXIV. fig. 22.) 

Acronycfa hasta, Giien. Noct. i. p. 45 (1852); Smith & Dyar, Pr. U.S. 

Nat. Mus. xxi. p. 87, pi. i. f. 14 ; Smith, Cat. Noct. N. Am. p. 36. 
Acronycta telum, Guen. Noct. i. p. 45 (1852). 
Acronycta smithii, Eiitl. A. M. N. H. (6) xi. p. 401 (1893). 

Head and thorax grey-white irrorated with fuscous ; 2nd joint 
of palpi with black band ; shoulders with black stripes ; tegulse 
with slight dark line near base ; tibise with slight dark streaks, 
the tarsi banded with black ; abdomen gi'ey-white irrorated with 
fuscous, dorsally suffused with pale reddish brown at base. Pore 
wing grey-white thickly irrorated with fuscous ; subbasal line re- 
presented by double dark striae from costa and a single striga from 
cell with a slight black streak Irom it to antemedial line with 
fuscous suffusion below it; antemedial line double, dark, rather 
diffused, oblique, slightly w-aved and bent inwards to inner margin ; 
orbicular and reniform defined by black and their centres slightly 
by fuscous, the former round ; a medial dark spot on costa ; post- 
medial line double filled in with whitish, the outer line black, with 
double black points at costa, bent outwards below costa, then 
minutely dentate, excurved to vein 4, then incurved, some brownish 
sufl'usion beyond it, darker from vein 3 to below submedian fold 



74 Nociuin^. 

and with a slight black streak in submedian fold from it to terraen ; 
the veins of terminal area with slight dark streaks ; an indistinct 
dentate whitish subterminal line Avith small dark spots on its 
outer edge ; a terminal series of small triangular black spots with 
slight dark marks beyond them on the cilia. Hind wing whitish 
tinged with reddish brown ; cilia white mixed with brown at tips ; 
the underside white tinged with brown iu parts, the costal and 
terminal areas 'Vith slight dark irroration, a small black discoidal 
spot, indistinct curved postmedial line with dark spot in submedian 
fold and some points on termen. 

Hab. Canada ; U.S.A., Maine, New Hampshire, "White Mts., 
New York, 1 c? , 2 5 type smithii, Ithaca, Otto, New Jersey, 
Delaware, Distr. of Columbia, Washington, Kansas (Snow), 1 cJ , 
1 2 ■ Exp. 40-42 millim. 

*3650. Acronycta mannorata. (Plate CXXIV. fig. 23.) 

Acronycta marmorata. Smith, Ent. News Philad. viii. p. 151 (1897) ; 
Smith & Dyar, Pr. U.S. Nat. Mus. xxi. p. 131, pi. xiii. f. 3 ; Dyar, Cat. 
Lep. N. Am. p. 103. 

Head and thorax white irrorated with a few black scales ; 
tegulsB with a black line near tips and tipped with black ; patagia 
with black lines near edges ; abdomen white tinged with ochreous. 
Fore wing white tinged with ochreous and irrorated with brown ; 
a black streak below base of cell ; subbasal line double, from costa 
to submedian fold ; antemedial line double, black, oblique, excurved 
in interspaces ; orbicular and reniform defined by black, the former 
white with dark point in centre, round, the latter with dark centre 
and slight whitish annulus ; medial line distinct, oblique from 
costa to reniform, inwardly oblique and dentate below the cell ; 
postmedial line double, the inner line brownish, the outer black, 
bent outwards below costa, then dentate, oblique below vein 4, 
crossed by a black streak in submedian fold from the medial line 
to termen, some pale points beyond it on termen ; subterminal line 
white, irregularly dentate, with dark marks beyond it in the inter- 
spaces ; a terminal series of small black lunules defined on inner 
side by a waved white line ; cilia intersected with black. Hind 
wing whitish, the veins tinged with fuscous; a brown terminal 
line ; the underside white irrorated with black, a dark discoidal 
point and interrupted postmedial line. 

Hab. U.S.A., Montana, California, Folsom. Exj). 36-42 millim. 
This species is unknown to me, figured from a drawing from 
cotype in Coll, J. B. Smith, 

3651. Acronycta alhiorhis, n. sp. 

Tlataplecta pruinosa, Moore, Lep. Ceyl. iii. p. 5, pi. 144. f. 3 (nee Guen.). 

]Iead and thorax white mixed with reddish brown ; palpi with 
blackish mark on 2nd joint above; tegulse and patagia edged with 



A.CEONYCTA, / O 

blackish ; abdomen whitish sufFased with pale yellovv-broAvn, 
Fore wing white almost entirely suffused with pale rufous ; sub- 
basal line represented by a black striga from costa; a rather 
diffused sinuous black streak in submedian fold from base to ante- 
medial line which is double, the lines widely separated towards 
costa, oblique, waved, with black point on the outer line in sub- 
median fold with white streak from it to medial line ; orbicular 
rather quadrate, extending to antemedial line and defined by an 
oblique black striga on outer side ; reniform large', rather quadrate, 
incompletely defined by black except above and with slight dark 
lunule on inner side of centre ; a slight dark patch on middle of 
costa and brownish line from cell to inner margin angled outwards 
on vein 1 ; postmedial line double filled in with whitish lunules, 
bent outward below costa, then minutely dentate, excurved to 
vein 4, then incurved, crossed by a black streak in submedian fold 
from medial to subterminal lines and with some brown suffusion 
beyond it in discal and submedian folds; subterminal line formed 
of ill-defined white iunules ; some slight black strise on termen 
defined by whitish lunules. Hind wing whitish suffused with 
pale red- brown ; an indistinct postmedial line defined by whitish 
on outer side; the underside white tinged with red-brown, the 
costal and terminal areas slightly irrorated with brown, a brownish 
patch on middle of costa, slight discoidal spot and diffused post- 
medial line oblique and waved to vein 5, then incurved. 

Ab. 1. Greyer and irrorated with darker brown ; fore wing 
with the white lunules on postmedial line smaller and less 
distinct. — Travancore. 

Hah. Tk^vancore, Pirmad (Tmrai/), 1 $ ; Ceylon, Pundaloya 
(Green), 3 d type. Exjy. d 38, $ 42 millim. 



*3652. Acronycta jancousci. 

Apatela jankowsJcii, Oberth. Et. Ent. v. p. 69, pi. 7. f. 1 (1880); Staud. 
Cat. Lep. pal. p. 132. 

5 . Head and thorax grey mixed with white and black-brown ; 
palpi with the 2nd joint black at sides ; frons with black bars at 
middle and above ; tarsi black ringed with white ; abdomen brown, 
the basal crest white tipped with black, the ventral surface grey 
irrorated with black. Fore wing violaceous grey irrorated with 
brown ; a wedge-shaped black streak below base of cell, defined 
by white above and with pure white spot at its extremity ; sub- 
basal line represented by two black striae from costa ; antemedial 
line double, oblique, waved ; medial area suffused with black 
except from costa to median nervure beyond the antemedial line 
and beyond the reniform ; orbicular white defined by black and 
with brown point in centre, small, round; reniform whitish 
defined by black and with brown lunule in centre ; an indistinct 
double minutely waved medial line ; postmedial line double, black, 



76 NOCrUIDiE: 

filled ill with white from costa to vein 3, bent outwards below 
costa, then lunulate, excurved to vein 4, then strongly incurved, 
a black patch beyond it on costal area with some white 2)oints 
on costa, the black suffusion extending beyond it on inner area, 
and with black streak from it to termen in submedian fold ; sub- 
terminal line white faintly defined by brown on inner side and on 
outer by black with black streaks on the veins, minutely waved, 
angled outward at vein 7 and excurved at middle ; a fine black 
terminal line ; cilia chequered brown and white. Hind wing red- 
brown with traces of a curved postmedial line ; cilia white with a 
brown line through them ; the underside whitish, the costal and 
terminal areas irrorated with brown, a brown discoidal lunule and 
curved crenulate postmedial line. 

Hab. E. Siberia, Amurland, Ussuri in Coll. Piingeler ; jAPAif. 
Exp. 34-40 millim. 



*3653, Acronycta crenulata. (Plate CXXIV. fig. 2-1.) 

Acronycta crenulata, Beth.-Baker, Nov. Zool. xiii. p. 198 (190(5). 

Head and thorax white mixed with reddish brown ; palpi 
except at tips and sides of frons black-brown; antennae blackish 
except at base ; tegulse with dark line near tips ; metathorax with 
paired black points ; tarsi blackish ringed with white ; abdomen 
Avhitish suffused wnth brown. Fore wdng white almost wholly 
suff'used with pale red-brown ; subbasal line indistinct, double, 
blackibh filled in with white, excurved below costa and ending at 
vein 1 ; antemedial line double, blackish filled in with whitish, 
oblique, waved ; orbicular a small round white spot slightly defined 
by black; reniform slightly defined by black and with white lunule on 
its outer edge ; medial line with oblique blackish striga from costa, 
indistinct and waved from low^er angle of cell to inner margin ; 
postmedial line double, black, filled in with white lunules, bent 
outwards below costa, then dentate, incurved below vein 4, some 
white points beyond it on costa and a short black fascia in sub- 
median fold from it to subterminal line, which is indistinct, whitish, 
excurved below vein 7 and at middle ; a terminal series of small 
black spots defined by slight whitish lunules, cilia chequered white 
and blackish. Hind wing white tinged with brown, especially on 
terminal area ; an indistinct diffused postmedial line ; cilia white 
■with some brownish spots ; the underside whitish, the costal area 
irrorated with brown, a diffused brown bar from middle of costa, 
small discoidal spot, and crenulate postmedial line bent outwards 
below costa. 

Hah. Br. N. Guinea, Mt. Kebca {Pratt), type f S in Coll. 
Bethune-Baker. Exjj. 44 millim. 



ACRONTCTA. 77 

3654. Acronycta fragilis. (Plate CXXIV. fig. 25.) 

Microcmlia fragilis, Gruen. Noct. i p. 34 (18r)2) ; Smith & Dyar, Pr. U.S. 

Nat. Mus. xxi. p. 94, pi. xii. f. 3 ; Siritb, Cat. Noct. N. Am. p. 48. 
Bryophila specians, Wlk. Can. Kat. & Geol. vi. p. 38 (1861). 

Head and thorax white mixed with brown and black ; 2nd joint 
of palpi with black band ; antennae with the base of shaft above 
white ringed with black; tegulse with diffused dark medial band 
and slight dorsal black stripe ; shoulders and outer edges of patagia 
with black stripes, the upper edge of patagia brown ; metathorax 
edged with black behind ; tibiae streaked with black, the tarsi 
banded with black ; abdomen white tinged with brown, the basal 
crest tipped with black. Fore wing white suffused in parts with 
brown and black, especially on inner half and beyond the post- 
medial line ; subbasal line represented by double black striee from 
costa and single striga from cell ; a diffused black streak in sub- 
median fold from base to antemedial line, which is double filled in 
with white, oblique, waved, angled outwards above inner margin ; 
orbicular and renilbrm white defined by diffused black, the former 
round ; a diffused dark bar from middle of costa : postmedial line 
double filled in with white, strongly bent outwards below costa, 
then dentate, strongly incurved below vein 3 and angled outward 
on vein 1, some white points beyond it on costa ; a diffused waved 
white subterminal line, escurved below vein 7 and at middle, and 
angled inwards in submedian fold where there is a blackish spot 
beyond it ; a terminal series of black spots defined on inner side 
by white lunules and with brown marks beyond them on the cilia, 
which are white. Hind wing white faintly tinged with reddish 
brown ; a terminal series of dark strise ; the underside with slight 
discoidal lunule and traces of curved postmedial line, 

Hab. Canada, Manitoba, Cartwright {Heath), 1 5 ; U.S.A., 
Vermont, Manchester, New York {Douhleday, Grote)^ 3 cf , 1 5 type, 
Lancaster, New Jersey, Mississippi. Exp. 36 millim. 

Larva, Smith & Dyar, Pr. U.S. Nat. Mus. xxi. p. 96. 

Head green, the angles of the lobes brown and black. Body 
green, a linear dorsal brown band, widening on joint 2; hairs 
fine, long, sparse. JFood-plant : Birch. — H. G. D. 

3655. Acronycta liturata. (Plate CXXIV. fig. 26.) 

Acronycta liturata, Smith, Ent. News Philad. viii. p. 161 (1897) ; Smith 
& Djar, Pr. U.S. Nat. Mus. xxi. p. 129, pi. xiii. f. 8 ; Dyar, Oat. Lep. 
N. Am. p. 103. 

5 . Head and thorax white mixed with some brown and black ; 
2nd joint of palpi with black band ; frons with blackish bar ; 
shoulders and outer edges of patagia with black streaks; tarsi banded 
black and white ; abdomen white irrorated with fuscous and 
dorsally tinged with brown. Fore wing grey-white slightly tinged 
with brown in parts and rather thickly irrorated with black ; sub- 
basal line repiescuted by double black strise from costa and spot 



7b NOCTUID^. 

telow cell ; a rather diffused sinuous black streak in submedian 
fold from base to well bej'ond antemedial line, which is rather 
indistinct, double, waved, oblique, angled inwards in submedian 
fold and bent inwards to inner margin ; orbicular and reniform 
defined bj^ black, the former pure white with some brown in centre, 
large, round, the latter with dark lunule in centre ; medial line 
rather diffused, very oblique from costa to reniform, dentate below 
the cell ; postmedial line double filled in with white, bent outwards 
below costa, then strongly dentate, incurved below vein 8, crossed 
by dark suffusion in submedian interspace from medial line to 
termen and a dark streak in discal fold, some white points beyond 
it on costa; a whitish dentate subterminalline with dentate blackish 
marks beyond it in the interspaces connected with the terminal 
series of triangular black spots ; cilia with faint dark line near 
base and series of black points at tips. Hind wing white ; the 
veins tinged with brown ; the terminal area suffused with brown 
from apex to vein 2 where there is a dark mark ; the underside 
with the costal area irrorated with brown, a small discoidal spot 
and curved postmedial series of minute streaks on the veins. 

Eah. U.S.A., Oregon, Colorado, Glenwood Springs, 1 $ , Gar- 
field Co. Exp. 48 millim. 



3656. Acronycta brumosa. (Plate CXXIV. fig. 27.) 

Acronycta brumosa, Guen. Noct. i. p. 52 (1852) ; Smith, Cat. Noct. N. Am. 

p. 43. 
Apatela persuasa, Harv. Bull. Buff. Soc. Nat. Sci. ii. p. 271 (1575); Smith 

& Dyar, Pr. U.S. Nat. Mus. xxi. p. 130, pi. iii. t. 11 ; Dyar, Cat. Lep. 

N. Am. p. 103. 

c? . Head and thorax brownish grey mixed with black and 
white ; palpi with black patch on 2nd joint ; frons with black bar ; 
basal joint of antennae white in front ; tegulae with black medial 
line and some black near tips ; shoulders and outer edges of patagia 
with black streaks ; tibiae with some black marks, the tarsi banded 
black and white ; abdomen brownish grey irrorated with fuscous, 
the ventral surface white. Fore wing grey tinged with brown and 
thickly irrorated with black, the submedian interspace mostly 
suffused with black to the medial line, some brown suffusion on 
])ostmedial area ; subbasal line represented by double black striae 
from costa ; antemedial line double, oblique, waved, angled out- 
wards below costa and inwards below median nervure ; orbicular 
and reniform defined by black, the former white with brown centre, 
elongate elliptical, the latter with its inner part darkened by the 
medial line which is very oblique and diffused from costa to reni- 
form, oblique and waved from cell to inner margin ; postmedial line 
double, bent outwards below costa, then dentate, strongly incurved 
below vein 3 and angled outwards on vein 1, some dark suffusion 
from it to near termen in discal fold and submedian interspace and 
some white points beyond it on costa ; subterminal line pale, waved, 



ACKOXYCTA. 79 

excurved below vein 7 and incurved in discal and submedian folds, 
with slight dark streaks beyond it in the interspaces to the terminal 
series of black lunules, which have blackish spots beyond them on 
the cilia. Hind wing pure white, the veins slightly tinged with 
brown ; a terminal series of brown lunules with slight spots beyond 
them on the cilia ; the underside with the costal area irrorated 
with brown, a slight discoidal spot, postmedial spot on costa and 
minute streaks on the veins from costa to vein 3. 

5 . Hind wing with the veins, costal, inner and termiual areas 
tinged with brown, a slight discoidal spot and curved postmedial 
line. 

Hab. U.S.A., Florida (Doubledaif), 1 $ type. Archer, Texas, 1 c? , 
1 2 type persaasa, ? Colorado, ? New Mexico. Exp. 48-52 millim. 

3657. Acronycta velia. 

Acronycta velia, Schaus, Trans. Am. Ent. Soc. xxi. p. 223 (1894), Druce, 
Eiol. Centr.-Aui., Het. ii. p. 472, pi. 93. f. 4. 

5 . Head and thorax white mixed with black ; palpi with small 
black spots on the joints above ; pectus and femora white tinged 
with brown, the tibiae streaked with black, the tarsi black ringed 
with white ; abdomen white irrorated with black and dorsally 
tinged with brown. Fore wing white thickly irrorated with black, 
the area between the reniform and postmedial line white ; subbasal 
line represented bv double diffused black striae from costa and single 
striga from cell ; antemedial line double filled in with white, strong, 
oblique and waved from costa to submedian fold, then erect, the 
inner line angled inwards just below mediin nervure ; orbicular 
and reniform defined by black, the former small, round, white with 
dark brown centre, the latter large with brown centre and whitish 
annulus, its upper extremity produced ; a medial black line diffused 
and very oblique from costa to reniform, incurved and sinuous from 
cell to inner margin ; postmedial lino double filled in with white, 
strongly bent outwards below costa, then lunulate, strongly bent 
inwards from vein 3 to submedian fold, then excurved, some white 
points with slight black streaks between them beyond it on costa 
and with blackish suffusion from it to termen between veins 3 
and 1 ; a waved white subterminal line, angled outwards at vein 7 
and inwards in submedian fold ; a terminal series of small tri- 
angular black spots deiiued on inner side by white lunules and 
with blackish marks beyond them on the cilia. Hind wing whitish 
tinged with reddish brown at base, the terminal area suffused with 
fuscous ; cilia chequered white and fuscous ; the underside white, 
the costal and terminal areas slightly irrorated with black, an 
indistinct diffused oblique brownish medial line, a black discoidal 
spot, crenulate postmedial line excurved to vein 4, then oblique, and 
a terminal series of small black lunules. 

Hah. Mexico, Jalapa ; Guatemala (^Rodriguez), 1 $ , Godraan- 
Salvin Coll. Exp. 48 millim. 



80 NOCTDiBJi:. 

30o8. Acronycta inclara. (Plate CXXIV. fig. 28.) 

Acronijcta hainamelis. Smith & Dyar, Pr. U.S. Nat. Mus. xxi. p. 141, pi. ii. 

ff. 1, 2, 3, & pi. xii. f. 12 (nee Guen.). 
Acronycta inclara. Smith, Can. Eut. xxxii. p. 335 (1900). 
Acrmiycta brumo?a, Dyar, Cat. Lep. N. Am. p. 103 (nee Guen.). 

Head and thorax grey-white mixed with fuscous and black, the 
vertex of thorax paler ; palpi whitish at base and with black band 
on 2nd joint ; frons with black bar ; tegulae with diffused black 
band near base defined by whitish at base ; tibiae streaked with 
black ; the tarsi banded with black ; abdomen grey irrorated with 
fuscous and dorsally suffused w^ith brown, the basal crest whiti-<h. 
Pore wing grej'-white thickly irrorated with fuscous and suffused 
ill parts with brown, the basal area suffused with black to the outer 
antemedial line leaving some yellowish on base of inner margin ; 
subbasal line repi'esented by double black strise from costa ; ante- 
medial line double, minutely waved, oblique, the inner line angled 
inwards below the cell ; orbicular and reniform defined by black, the 
former whitish with brown centre, round, the latter with its centre 
suffused with brown ; an indistinct waved medial line ; postmedial 
line double filled in with grey, strongly bent outwards below costa, 
then minutely waved, below vein 3 bent inwards to lower edge of 
reniform, some white points beyond it on costa ; subterminal line 
formed of dentate whitish marks slightly angled outwards at vein 7 
and inwards in submedian fold ; a terminal series of small triangular 
black spots defined on inner side by whitish lunules ; cilia chequered 
fuscous and whitish with dark line near base and terminal series 
of black points. Hind wing brown, with indistinct discoidal spot 
and postmedial line incurved below vein 4 ; cilia chequered 
ochreous white and brown ; the underside white irrorated with 
brown, a short black streak in middle of cell of male, large dis- 
coidal lunule, curved waved postmedial line, and terminal series of 
small lunules. 

Hah. Canada ; IT. S. A., Maine, Vermont, New York, Evans Center 
(G'-ote), 2 c?, 1 5 , Distr. of Columbia, Washington, Pennsylvania, 
New Brighton {Merrick), 1 S , Minnesota, Dakota, Missouri, Texas 
and West to the foot of Eocky Mts. Exjp. 38-40 miliim. This is 
probably a grey variety of A. liamamelis. 

Larva. Smith & Dyar, Pr. U.S. Nat. Mus. xxi. p. 143. 

Like A. ovata, with or without the wdiite dorsal spots.- — H. G. D. 

3659. Acronycta clarescens. (Plate CXXIV. fig. 29.) 

Acronycta clarescens, Guen. Noct. i. p. 54 (1852) ; Dyar, Cat. Lep. N, Am. 

p. lUl. 
Acro)iycta pruni, Harris, Ent. Corresp. lSfi9, p. 313; Smith & Dyar, 

Pr.'U.S, Nat. Mus. xxi. p. 123, pi. iv. f. 4; Smith, Cat. Noct. N. Am. 

p 44. 

Head and thorax grey-white mixed with dark brown and 
black ; 2nd joint of palpi with black band ; tegulse with blackish 



ACEOXYCTA. 81 

lines at middle and near tips ; patagia edged with black, tarsi 
llack ringed with white; abdomen whitish suffused with reddish 
brown and irrorated with fuscous. Pore wing grey-white thickly 
irrorated wich fuscous brown, the basal area suffused with fuscous 
to the outer anteinedial line leaving the area between the subbasal 
and antemedial lines pale to the streak in submedian fold ; subbasal 
line represented by double black striae from costa and single striga 
from cell, with a black streak beyond it in submedian fold to inner 
antemedial line ; antemedial line double, oblique, waved, excurved in 
cell, the inner line strong, black ; orbicular and reniform white 
defined by black except above, their centres suffused with brown, 
the former oblique elliptical ; medial line oblique from costa to 
reniform, dentate from cell to inner margin ; postmedial line 
double filled in with whitish, the outer line black, strongly bent 
outwards below costa, then minutely waved, below vein 4 bent 
inwards to lower extremity of reniform and erect to inner margin, 
some white points bej^ond it on costa with black striae between 
them ; subterminal line white with lunulate blackish band on its 
outer side, dentate, angled inwards at discal and submedian folds ; 
a terminal series of triangular black spots ; cilia white with a 
black line through them. Hind wing whitish uniformly suffused 
with red-brown ; cilia white ; the underside white, the costal 
and terminal areas slightly irrorated with black, a slight black 
streak in middle of cell, black discoidal lunule, minutely waved 
postmedial line excurved to vein 4, then incurved, and terminal 
series of small black lunules. 

Ab. 1. Eore wing with ferruginous centre to reniform. 

Hah. Canada, Nova Scotia {Redman) 1 J ; U.S.A., Eastern 
States, New York, Evans Center (Grote), 1 c? , 7 $ ; Trenton Falls 
(Douhh/a;/), 2 ? type. E.vp. 40-42 milHm. 

Larva. Smith & Dyar, Pr. U.S. Nat. Mns. xxi. p. r2.'i, pi. vii. fF. 22-23. 

Head pale, heavily dotted with black over vertex. Body green 
or red, with a purple-brown dorsal stripe that widens on joints 
7-10 ; a white U-shaped edge to the band on joints 2 and 3 ; 
tubercles small, dark, with several obscure hairs. Eood-plants : 
Apple, Cherry, &c.— H. G. D. 

*3660. Acronycta minella. (Plate CXXIV. fig. 30.) 

Jpafela minella, Dyar, J. N.Y. Ent. Soc. vi. p. 41 (1898) ; id. Cat. Lep. 
N. Am. p. 102. 

2 . Head and thorax grey mixed with black ; abdomen dark 
grey. Pore wing whitish tinged with ochreous and almost 
uniformly irrorated and suffused with fuscous ; a faint black streak 
below base of cell ; subbasal line double, from costa to submedian 
fold ; antemedial line double tilled in with whitish, oblique, dentate, 
strongly angled outwards below costa ; orbicular and reniform 
defined by black, the former round ; medial line indistinct, oblique 
from costa to reniform, inwardly oblique and sinuous from lower 

VOL. VIII. & 



82 NOCTUID,!:. 

angle of cell to inner margin, a dark streak before it in submeflian 
fold ; postraedifil line double filled in with whitish, strongly bent 
outwards below costa, then dentate, slrongly incurved below 
vein 4 and angled outwards on vein 1, some white points beyond 
it on costa ; subterminal line represented by a series of slight 
pale lunules with dark points beyond them in the interspaces, 
excurved below vein 7 and at middle and angled inwards at 
submedian fold; a terminal series of small black lunules; cilia 
grey mixed with fuscous. Hing wing ochreous white tinged with 
fuscous, a slight discoidal spot and sinuous postmedial line ; a 
terminal series of black strijB. 

Hah. U.S.A., S. Colorado. Exp. 36 millim. This species is 
unknown to me, figured from a drawing from type in U.S. Nat. Mus. 

3661. Acronycta superans. (Plate CXXIV. fig. 31.) 

Acronycta superans, Guen. Noct. i. p. 53 (1852); Smith & Dyar. Pr. U.S. 
Nat. Mus. xxi. p. 119, pi. i. f. 6 ; Smith, Cat. JSfoct. N. Am. p. 43. 

Kead blackish with white band between antennae ; palpi white 
with black band on 2nd joint ; thorax grey-white, the tegulae 
with black line near base and some black scales at tips, the patagia 
with black scales mixed and black streak on outer edge, the 
metathorax with brown scales mixed ; tibise slightly streaked with 
black, the tarsi black ringed with white; abdomen white irrorated 
with dark brown, the basal crest red-brown. Fore wing white 
with slight dark irroration, the base, the antemedial area below 
the cell, the medial area from cell to vein 1 and a diffused band 
from costa in and beyond end of cell and from postmedial line 
to termen between vein 3 and submedian fold black-brown 
suffused with some yellowish at base on inner margin ; subbasalline 
represented by double black strige from costa ; antemedial line 
strong, double, oblique, waved ; orbicular and reniform defined 
by black-brown, the former with white centre, erect, elliptical, 
the latter large ; a very oblicjue black striga from costa to reniform 
and oblique sinuous line from lower angle of cell to inner margin ; 
postmedial line strong, double filled in with white, strongly bent 
outwards below costa, then minutely dentate and angled outwards 
at veins 4, 3, then strongly incurved aud angled outwards at 
vein 1, some white points with dark streaks between them beyond 
it on costa ; subterminal line white, excurved below costa and 
at middle, angled inwards at discal fold to near postmedial line, 
angled inwards and interi'upted at submedian fold, with dark 
brown beyond it from below costa to vein 4 ; a terminal series 
of small black lunules with black-brown spots beyond them on the 
cilia. Hind wing whitish uniformly suffused with reddish brown ; 
cilia white mixed with some brown ; the underside white, the 
costal and the terminal areas irrorated with brown and the veins 
tinged with brown ; a dark streak in cell from base to near the 
dark discoidal lunule, a crenulate postmedial line excurved to 
vein 4, then oblique, and terminal series of small black lunules. 



ACRONYCTA. 



ITah. Caijada (Norman), 1 5 , Ottawa {Yoinig\ 1 ^ ; U.S.A., 
New York (Doiibledaif), 1 $ type, Evans Center (Grote), 3 d' , 4 2 ,' 
Distr. of Columbia, Washington, and West to the Mississippi and 
Central States. E,vp. 50-52 millim. 

fMrm. S.niMi & Dyar, Pr. U.S. Nat. Mus. xxi. p. 121 ; Saunders, Ins 
Inj. Fruits, p. 166, f. 174. 

Head pale, thickly dotted with brown, a red spot on vertex of 
each lobe. Body green on the sides, an even narrow dorsal brown 
stripe, Avidened on joint 1, narrowed on the incisures ; hairs sparse, 
fine, almost single. Pood-plants : Apple, Birch, &c. — H. G. D. 



3662. Acronycta subochrea. (Plate CXXIV. fig. 32.) 

Acronycta atibocrea, Q-i-otc, Bull. Buff. Soc. Nat. Sci. ii. p. 153 fl874) • 
S-nith, Cat. Noct. N. Am. ji. 42. i - > 

Acronycta brumosa, Smith & Dyar, Pr. U.S. Nat. Mus. xxi. p. 117, pi. xiii. 
t". 1 (nee Guen.). 

Apatela hamamells, Dyar, Oat. Lep. N. Am. p. 102 (nee Gruen.). 

Head and thorax grey-white largely mixed with fuscous black ; 
palpi white at base, the 2nd joint with black band ; lower part of 
frons whitish ; a white bar between antennae ; shoulders and outer 
edges of patagia with black stripes ; tibiae with slight black streaks, 
the tarsi black ringed with white ; abdomen white irrorated with 
diirk brown and dorsally clothed with red-brown hair except 
towards extremity, the basal crest fuscous and white. Fore wing 
bluish white thickly irrorated with very dark brown and suffused 
with dark brown below the cell to antemedial line, in reniform 
and below end of cell and beyond postmedial line ; some yellowish 
at base of inner margin; subbasal line represented by double dark 
striae from costa ; antemedial line rather indistinct, double, the 
lines rather widely separated towards costa, oblique, minutely 
waved, bent inwards to inner margin ; orbicular and reniform 
large, defined by black, open above, the former round, the latter 
defined by black points on outer side ; a very oblique blackish 
striga from costa to reniform and minutely waved line from lower 
angle of cell to inner margin with short diffused blackish streak 
before it above vein 1 ; postmedial line blackish, double at costa, 
strongly bent outwards below costa, then dentate, incurved below 
vein 3 and angled outwards at rein 1 ; some white points with 
black streaks between them beyond it on costa ; an indistinct 
minutelv waved pale subterminal line ; a terminal series of small 
black spots ; cilia mostly black at base and white at tips. Hind 
wing whitish tinged with olive-brown, the terminal area suffused 
with fuscous, in female darker ; cilia white with a dark line 
through them ; the underside white irrorated with dark browjj, 
a dark streak in base of cell, black diseoidal spot, crenulate 
postmedial line bent inwards to costa and with minute dark 
streaks on the veins, and terminal series of slight lunules. 

Hub. Canada, Ontario; U.S.A., South to Virginia and West to 

(i2 



84 noctttiDjE. 

Kocky Mts., New York, Evans Center (Grote), 1 c? , 2 2 t.ype, 
LMstr. of Columbia, Washington, Pennsylvania, Lancaster, Wis- 
consin, Colorado, Garfield Co. Exp. 46 rriillim. 

Larva. Smith & Dynr, Pr. U.S. Nat. Miis. xxi. p. 118. 

Head brownish, dotted with red and black over the face. Body 
green, a darker lateral shade, the dorsum paler and containing 
a transverse blackish j atch on joints 5, 8, 9, and 12, the latter 
small ; hairs fine, rather long, several from each tubercle. Pood- 
plant : Witch hazel (Hammnelis). — H. G. D. 

3663. Acronycta noctivaga. (Plate CXXV. fig. 1.) 

Acron7/cta noctivaga, Grrote, Proc. Ent. Soc. Philad. ii. p. 437, pi. ix. f. 3 
(1864); Smith & Djar, Pr. U.S. ^nt. Miis. xxi. p. 156, pi. i. f. 11 ; 
Smith, Cat. Noct. N.'Am. p. 42. 

Head and thorax white mixed with black-brown ; 2nd joint of 
palpi with black band ; shoulders with blackish streaks ; tibiae 
banded with blackish ; abdomen whitish iri'orated with fuscous 
and dorsally suffused with brown, the basal crest whitish with 
black tip. Fore wing white thickly irrorated with black-brown, 
the basal area suffused with black-brown to antemedial line leaving 
some yellowish white on base of inner margin, and diffused black- 
brown bands beyond the medial and postmedial lines ; subbasal 
line represented by double black striae from costa and cell filled 
in with white ; antemedial line double filled in with white, 
strongly waved, oblique ; the medial area with black-brown fascia 
above vein 1 ; orbicular and reniform defined by black, the former 
very small, round, the latter filled in with brown ; a diflfused 
somewhat dentate medial line oblique from costa to median 
nervure, then inwardly oblique ; postmedial line double filled in 
with white, bent outwards below costa, then dentate, incurved 
below vein 3 and angled outwards on vein 1, some white points 
beyond it on costa ; subterrainal line represented by a series of 
dentate whitish marks, somewhat angled outwards at vein 7 and 
inwards at discal and submedian folds, with blackish streaks in 
the interspaces from it to the terminal series of black points with 
blackish streaks from them intersecting the cilia. Hind wing 
whitish uniformly suffused with reddish brown ; cilia whitish at 
tips; the underside whitish, the costal area irrorated with brown, 
a blackish discoidal spot. 

Bab. Canada (JVornuon), 1 J, Ontario, Orillia (BusJi), ] 5; 
U.S.A., Massachusetts, New York, Evans Center (Grote), 1 (5, 
4 5 , Distr, of Columbia, Washington, Illinois, Oregon, Portland, 
Colorado, New Mexico. E,rj>. 38-40 millim. 

Larva. Smith & Dyar, Pr. U.S. Nat. Mus. xxi. p. 157, pi. viii. ff. 27, 28. 

Head black. Body blackish with a faint red subventral band ; 
warts large, the hairs short, dense, bristly, black mixed with some 
soft greyish ones. Eood-plants : low bushes. — H. G. D. 



ACEONTCTA. 85 

3664. Acronycta carbonaria. (Plate CXXV. fig. 2.) 

Acro7}ycta carbonaria, Gr^s. Berl. ent. Zeit. 1889, p. 252 ; Staud. Cat. 

Lep. pill p. 133. 
Acronycta brmnosa, Leech, P. Z. S. 1889, p. 476 (nee Gueti.). 

S . Head and thorax whitish tinged with brown and irrorated 
with black ; palpi brown, whitish at base ; irons with blackish 
bar ; tegulae and patagia edged with blackish ; tarsi banded w^th 
black ; abdomen grey dorsally suffused with brown except at b jse. 
Pore wing grey almost wholly suffused with dark brown and 
irrorated with black, the area just before antemedial line paler : 
subbasal line double, waved, from costa to submedian fold ; 
antemedial line double, waved, oblique, the lines widely separated, 
with black streak in submedian fold from its inner edge to well 
beyond it ; orbicular and reniform large, defined by black, the 
former with white annulus on inner side and black point in upper 
part of centre, the latter with slight black lunule on inner side 
of centre ; a very oblique dark striga from costa to reniform 
and indistinct oblique waved line from lower angle of cell to inner 
margin ; postmedial line double, the lines rather widely separated 
and with some white between them, bent outwards below costa, 
then dentate and produced to short black streaks on the veins, 
incurved below vein 3, some white points beyond it on costa; a 
strongly waved whitish subterminal line slightly defined by 
blackish on outer side, a terminal series of black points with 
blackish marks beyond them on the cilia. Hind wing white, the 
veins of terminal half brownish ; a brownish postmedial bar from 
costa and slight lunulate terminal line ; the underside with the 
costal area tinged and irrorated with brown, a blackish discoidal 
lunule, indistinct waved postmedial line from costa to vein 4 wath 
dark spots on and below costa, small spot on costa near apex, and 
terminal series of small lunules from apex to vein 2. 

2 . Hind wing with indistinct curved postmedial line, the 
terminal area suffused with brown and the inner area tinged with 
brown. 

Hah. E. Siberia, Ussuri ; Japan, Yokohama (Pryer), 4 c? , 2 5 ; 
CoREA. E.vjj. 46-48 millim. 



3665. Acronycta subornata. 

Acronycta subornata, Leeuh, P. Z. S. 1889, p. 477, pi. i. f. 6. 
Acronycta brunnea. South, ined. 

Head and thorax grey-white mixed with dark brown and black ; 
palpi with black patch on 2nd joint ; patagia edged with blackish ; 
tarsi blackish ringed with white ; abdomen reddish brown, the 
ventral surface whitish. Fore wini? grey-white almost wholly 
suffused with dark red-brown and irrorated with black, the area 
just before antemedial line and the costal area beyond antemedial 
line rather whiter : subbasal line double, waved, from costa to 



S6 jrOCTTJID^; 

submediaii fold in which there is a slight black streak from its 
inner edge to beyond antemedial line which is double, the lines, 
rather widely separated, waved, oblique ; orbicular and reniform 
large, defined by black, the former rather erect elliptical, open 
above and with white annulus on inner side and below ; a very 
oblique dark striga from costa to reniform and oblique waved line 
from lower angle of cell to inner margin ; postmedial line double 
filled in with some white, strongly bent outwards below costa, 
then dentate, incurved below vein 3 and angled outwards on 
vein 1, some AAhite points beyond it on costa; a subterminal 
series of whitish Junules in the interspaces, incurved below vein 3 ; 
a terminal series of black points defined by slight whitish lunules. 
Hind wing yellow-brown, the terminal area dark brown, a slight 
discoidal spot and postmedial line oblique below vein 4 ; cilia 
whitish at tips ; the underside whitish tinged with brown, the 
costal and terminal areas irrorated with brown, a blackish streak 
in middle of cell, large discoidal spot, postmedial line waved from 
costa to vein 4, then oblique, difiused subterminal band and 
terminal series of slight lunules. 

Ab. 1. brunnea. Fore wing more uniform brown with less grey. 

Uab. Japan, Yokohama {Fryer), 4 $ type ; Corea, Geusan (Ito), 
1 5 . Ex_p. 42-48 millim. Typef brunnea in Coll. Wileman. 

3666. Acronycta afflicta. (Plate CXXV. fig. 3.) 

Acronycta afflk'ta, Grole, Proc. Ent. Soc. Pbihid. ii. p. 438, pi. ix. f. 4 
(]S(i4); Smith & Dyar, Pr. U.S. JNat. Mus. xxi. p. l-J.7, pi. i. t. la; 
Smith, Cat. Woct. W. Am. p. 42. 

Acronycta dolena, Druce, Biol. Centr.-Ani., Het. i. p. 2(J0, pi. 26. f. 7 

(1889). 

Head and thorax black mixed with white and some pale reddish 
brown ; 2nd joint of palpi with black baud ; frons with dark bar ; 
tegulie with the basal half blackish, the terminal half pale with 
black lines at middle and near tips ; disks of patagia and thorax 
•whitish ; fore tibiae and tarsi banded black and white : abdomen 
fuscous brown, the basal crest and ventral surface whitish. Fore 
wing reddish brown mixed with some grey and mostly suftused 
and irrorated with black, some whitish at base of inner margin ; 
feubbasal line double, waved, from costa to submedian fold ; 
antemedial line indistinct, double, waved, oblique ; orbicular and 
reniform defined by black, the former whitish with brown centre, 
round ; an obli(jue dark bar from middle of costa and oblique 
w^aved line from lower angle of cell to inner margin ; postmedial 
line double, strongly bent outwards below costa, then dentate, 
incurved below vein 4, some white points beyond it on costa ; a 
dentate whitish sui)terminal line ; a terminal series of rather 
triangular spots defined by slight whitish lunules; cilia whitish 
with a brov^ n line near base and terminal series of brow n lunules. 
Hind wing white, the veins streaked with brown ; the terminal 



ACEOI^YCTA. 87 

area RufFiised with brown from apex to vein 2 ; a terminal series 
of dark points ; cilia white mixed with brown; the underside with 
the costal and terminal areas irrorated with brown, the veins of 
terminal area streaked with brown, a blackish discoidal spot, 
curved waved postmedial line with blackish spot at costa and 
slight dark streaks on the veins and terminal seiies of small Iiinules. 

Hub. Canada; U.S.A., Mnssachusetts, New York, Florida {DouUe- 
daif), 1 c?, Missouri, St. Louis, Texas, 2 $, West to the llocky 
Mts. ; Mexico, Jalapa (fJoege), 1 ^ type dolens, Godman-Salviu 
Coll. Kvp. 40-46 niillim. 

Larva. Smith & By.u; Pr. U.S. Nat. Mus. xxi. p. 128, pi. v. ff. 1, 2. 

Head brown, mottled with darker on the face. Body robust, 
brown, with red-brown dorsal and lateral stripes ; hairs of 
tuhercle ii. singl.3, long, black, those of joints 3-7 slightly spatulate. 
Food-plant: Oak. 

3667. Acronycta hamamelis. (Plate CXXV. fig. 4.) 

Acranycta hamamelis, Guen. JS'oct. i. p. 52 (1852); Smith, Cat. Noct. N. 
Am. p. 44. 

Head and thorax grey largely mixed with brown and black ; 
palpi whitish at base and with black band on 2nd joint ; frons 
with black bar; tegulse with blackish line near base ; tibiae streaked 
with black, the tarsi banded with black ; abdomen grey-brown 
thickly irrorated with fuscous and with dorsal series of slight dark 
tufts of hair, the basal crest with some white. Fore wing grey- 
white almost wholly sufiused with fuscous brown and thickly 
irrorated with black; subbasal line represented by double black 
striae from costa ; antemedial line double, minutely waved, oblique ; 
orbicular and reniform defined by black, the former with brown 
centre and whitish annulus, round, the lalter with its centre 
sufiused with brown and slight pale annulus ; an indistinct curved 
medial line ; postmedial line double, strongly bent outwards below 
costa, then minutely waved, incurved below vein 3 to lower edge 
of reniform, some pale points beyond it on costa ; an indistinct 
dentate whitish subterminal line angled inwards in submedian fold ; 
a terminal series of small triangular black spots defined on inner 
side by slight whitish lunules ; cilia whitish with fine waved 
blackish line near base and terminal series of points. Hind wing 
brown with traces of discoidal spot and sinuoits postmedial line ; 
cilia whitish with brown line through them ; the underside white 
irrorated with brown, a slight dark streak in middle of cell of male, 
a black discoidal lunule, curved waved postmediaUine, and terminal 
series of small black lunules. 

Hah. U.S.A. (Douhledai/), 1 J, co-type, Pennsylvania, 1 5, 
Grote Coll., Georgia, Virginia. E,vp. 42 millim. 

Larva. Gueu. Noct. i. p. 52. 

Dorsal area yellowish grey, the ventral area ferruginous red, the 



88 NOCTUID^. 

two colours separated by a dark green lateral line ; six dorsal green 
patches; subdorsal line fine, green; head pale; anal segment 
slightly humped ; warts each with one hair. Eood-plant : Uama- 
melis virginiana. 

3668. Acronycta increta. (Plate CXXV. fig. 5.) 

Acronycta increta, Movr. Proc. Boat. Soc. N. H. xvii, p. 131 (1874); Smith 
& Dyar, Pr. U.S. Nat. Mus. xxi. p. 144, pi. xii. f. 13 ; Smith. Cat. JNuct. 
N. Am. p. 44. 

Head and thorax white mixed with brown and fuscous ; 2nd 
joint of palpi with black band ; frons with blackish bar ; tibiae 
slightly streaked with Vjlack, the tarsi banded with black; abdomen 
grey thickly irrorated with brown, the ventral surtace whitish. 
Pore wing grey thickly irrorated Avith fuscous and suffused in ])arts 
with brown, the basal area suffused with black to outer edge of 
antemedial line leaving the base of inner margin whitish and the 
area between subbasal and antemedial lines greyer to submedian 
fold ; subbasal line double, from costa to submedian fold ; ante- 
medial line double, minutely waved, oblique ; orbicular and reniform 
whitish defined by black and with red-brown centres, both erect 
elliptical, a black bar from costa to orbicular ; postmedial line 
double, bent outwards below costa, then minutely waved and with 
short black streaks beyond it on the veins, incurved below vein 3, 
some whitish points beyond it on costa ; a whitish subterminal 
line angled outwards at veins 7, 6, 4, 3 ; a terminal series of small 
triangular black spots defined by whitish lunules on inner side ; 
cilia chequered white and brown and with dark line through 
them. Hind wing greyish wholly suffused with reddish brown ; 
cilia white with small brownish spots from apex to vein 2 ; the 
underside whitish sliglitly tinged and irrorated with brown, a 
blackish discoidal spot, traces of a postmedial Jine with dark spots 
at discal and submedian folds, and terminal series of small lunules. 

Hub. Canada, MiUiitoba, Cartw right {Heath), 1 J ; U.IS.A., 
New York, Evans Center (Grote), 1 cJ ? 1 2i Beverley, 1 § type, 
New Jersey, Texas, New Mexico. Exp. 34 millim. 

3669. Acronycta retardata. (Plate CXXV. fig. 6.) 

Microcoria retardata, Wlk. Can. Nat. & Geol. vi. p. 38 (1861) ; Smith & 
7Har, Pr. U.S. Nat. Mus. xxi. p. 145, pi. ii. f. 6 & pi. xii. f. 14; Smith, 
Cat. Noct. .ly. Am. p. 45. 

Acronycta dissecta, Grote & E.ob. Trans. Am. Ent. Soc. iii. p. 178, pi. ii. 
f. 81 (187U). 

Head and thorax white mixed witn brown ; palpi with the 2nd 
joint black above ; tegulae with diffused black medial line ; shoulders 
and outer edges of patagia with black streaks ; fore tarsi banded 
black and white; abdomen white dorsally tinged with brown. 
Fore wing white slightly irrorated with fuscous, the basal area 
thickly irrorated ; subbasal line double, waved, from costa to sub- 



ACEONYCTA. 89 

median fold in which there is a short black streak before it ; 
antemedial line double, with short black streaks on each line on the 
veins, the inner line angled inwards below the cell and the outer 
with small black spot on it ; orbicular and reniform defined by 
fuscous and with slight dark centres, the former round ; postmedial 
line double, strongly bent outwards below costa, then dentate, in- 
curved belov^ vein '6, with brown suffusion beyond it to near termen 
between veins 6 and 4 and from vein .3 to submedian fold, and 
some white points on costa with dark maiks between them ; sub- 
terminal line absent; a terminal series of small round black spots; 
cilia with a slight black line near tips. Hind wing greyish suffused 
with brown and with terminal seiies of t-lighi; black striae; cilia 
white with a slight brown line through them ; the underside white 
tinged in parts with biown, a large black discoidal lunule and 
rather diffused, curved, v, aved brown postmedial line. 

Bab. Canada ; U.S.A., Massachusetts (Fackord), 1 J , New 
York, Schenectady (Linther), 1 cJ , Evans Center (Grote), 1 J , 1 5 , 
Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, 1 $ type, Virginia. Exj^. 30-34 
millim. 

Larva. Smith & Dyar. Pr. U.S. Nat. Mus. xxi. p. 14fi. 

Head red-biown. Body whitish, each segment with live purple- 
brown transverse bands dorsally, the sides and feet pale. Food- 
plant : Maple.— H. G. D. 



3670. Acrorycta caesarea. (Plate CXXV. fig. 7.) 
Acronycta casarea, Smith, J. N.Y. Ent, Sec. xiii. p. ]91 (1906). 

5 . Head and thorax white mixed with black-brown with au 
olive tinge ; frons with black bar ; patagia with dark edges ; tarsi 
blackish ringed with while ; abdomen fuscous brown with pale 
segmental linis, the ventral sur.ace whitish irrorated with brown. 
Pore wing whitish thickly irrorated and sufi'used with fuscous 
brown with an olive tinge, the medial area slightly, paler ; subbasal 
line blackish, double, waved, from cosla to submedian fold in which 
there is a slight black streak Irom it to outer edge of antemedial 
line, which is double, oblique, waved, angled inw^aids in submedian 
fold; orbicular and renitbrra small, white irrorated with brown and 
defined by blackish, the former round ; medial line represented by 
an oblique bar from costa and oblique sinuous line from lower angle 
of cell to inner margin ; postmedial line double filled in with 
w^hitish, bent outwards below costa, then dentate, strongly incurved 
below vein 4, some alternating white and dark points beyond it on 
cohta ; subteiminal line absent ; a terminal series of black points 
defined on inner side hy slight whitish lunules ; cilia chequered 
fuscous brown and white and with dark line through them. Hind 
wing greyish uniformly suffused with brown ; cilia white with a 
dark line through them ; the underside whitish, the costal area and 
terminal area to vein 3 irrorated with brown, a dark discoidal spot, 



90 NOCTuirt^.. 

bar at middle of costa, diffused sinuous postmedial line, and terminal 
series of black striaj. 

Hah. U.S.A., New Jersey, Essex Co. Park, Kansas (>Snow), 2 2 • 
E.cp. 2Q-30 niillim. 

3671. Acronycta impleta. (Plate CXXV. fig. 8.) 

Acronycta impleta, Wlk. ix. 57 (185(i) ; Smith, Cat. IS'oet. JV. Am. p. 41. 
Acroiiycia luieicoina, Gi'ole & Kob. 'irans. Am. Jint. ISoc. iii. p. 179, pi. '1. 

f. 8a (1870) ; Smith & Dy..r, Pr. U.S. Nat. Mu,s. xxi. p. 152, pi. i. f. 6; 

Smith, Cat. Noct. JM. Am. p. 42. 

Head and thorax grey largely mixed with browu ; palpi white 
with black band on 2nd joint ; tegula3 and patagia edged with 
browu; shoulders streaked with black; tibiae slightly streaked 
with black, the mid tibiae with black spot at base, the tarsi banded 
with fuscous ; abdomen red-brown. I'ore wing grey almost wholly 
suffused and irrorated with brown ; subbasal line represented by 
double black striae from costa and cell ; antemedial line double, 
oblique, waved, angled inwards on vein 1 ; orbicular and reniform 
defined by black, their centres suffused with brown, the former 
round, the latter with the black on outer edge reduced to points ; 
medial line minutely waved, very oblique from costa to reniform, 
incurved below the cell ; postmedial line double, the inner line 
indistinct, bent outwards below costa, then minutely dentate, 
excurved to vein 3, then incurved, filled in with whitish lunules, 
the one below subniedian lold more prominent, some white points 
beyond it on costa ; a subterminal series ot whitish spots, slightly 
excurved at vein 7 snd incurved below vein 3 ; a terminal series 
of small black spots ; cilia with a slight dark line through them. 
Hind wing whitish uniformly suflfused with red-brown ; cilia white ; 
the underside white faintly tinged with red-brown, a slight dis- 
coidal spot and traces of postmedial line from costa to vein 4. 

Hah. Canada ; U.S.A., Maine, New York, 3 S , Distr. of 
Columbia, Illinois, Georgia, Kansas {Snow), 1 J , 1 $ ? Texas, 
? California ; hab. ign. 1 $ type. Exp. 40-48 millim. 

Larva. Smith & Dyar, Pr. U.S. Nat. Miis. xxi. p. 153, pi. vi. f. 16. 

Head shining black, body black with piile dots ; a reddish sub- 
stigmatal band ; narrow broken dorsal and subdorsal lines ; warts 
large ; the hairs in dense tufts, long, fine ; dense pale brown tufts 
subdorsally on joints 3 to 6, 12 and 13 ; four dense black ttifts on 
joint 5 ; two short black pencils on joint 12. Food-plants: Frunus, 
Pojjvlus. &c. 

3672. Acronycta illita. (Plate CXXV. fig. 9.) 

Acronycta illita. Smith, Ent. News Philad. viii. p. 152 (1897); Smith & 
Dyar, Pr. U.S. Nat. Mus. xxi. p. 151, pi. xi. f. 12: Dyar, Cat. Lep. N. 
Am. p. 104. 

$. Head and thorax black mixed with grey-Avhite ; frons with 
blaijk bar ; tarsi banded black and white ; abdotuen grey irrorated 



ACEOXYCTA. 91 

with black, the basal crest black and white. Eore wing white very 
thickly irrorated with black ; !>ubbaisal line represented by double 
black stria3 Irom co&ta and cell ; ant emedial line double tilled in with 
whitish, oblicjue, waved; oibicular and reniform detined by black 
and with some black suffusion in centres, the former irregularly 
rounded, the latter lunulate ; traces ot a medial line, oblique from 
costa to reniform and erect from submediau fold to inner margin, 
with a blackish maik before it above vein 1 ; postmedial line double, 
black, filled in with white lunules except towards costa, bent out- 
wards below costa, then dentate, incuived below vein 4 and angled 
outwards at vein 1, some whitish points beyond it on costa; sub- 
terminal line indistinct, whitish, waved, shghtly defined on outer 
side by black ; a terminal series of black spots. Hind wing grey 
suffused and irrorated with fuscous ; the underside white, the 
costal and terminal areas slightly irrorated with luscous, a dark 
discoid al lunule and indistinct curved postmedial line. 

Hah. Canada, Manitoba, Aweme (Criddle), Cartwright {Heath), 
1 $ ; U.S.A., Colorado, Denver, Glenwood Springs, Exp. 50 
millim. 

Larva. Head shining black. Eody black, dotted with jiale, with 
a reddish substigmatal band and narrow bioken dorsal and sub- 
dorsal lines; waits large, the hairs in dense tufts, long, fine ; dense 
pale brown tufts subdorsally on joints 3 to 6, 12, and 13; four 
dense black tufts on joint 5 ; two sliort black pencils on joint 12. 
food-plants : Frunus, Fopulus, tfec. — H. G. J). 

3673. Acronycta pruincsa. (Plate CXXV. fig. 10.) 

Acronycta pruinosa, Gruen. Koct. i. p. 53 (,1852) ; Hirpsn MotLs Incl. 11. 

p. 242. 
Pulia suluta, Wlk. xxxiii. 723 (1865). 

Head and thorax white slightly tinged with brown in parts and 
irrorated with black ; palpi with the 2nd joint black at sides ; tarsi 
banded with black ; abdomen white suffused with pale brown 
except at base. Fore wing white thickly irrorated with brown and 
with some brownish suffusion beyond the medial and postmedial 
lines ; subbasal line represented by a black striga from costa and 
curved black mark below cell with white spot on its inner side ; 
antemediai line double, the lines widely separated on costal half 
and with black points on them from costa to median nervure, 
oblique, waved ; orbicular white detintd by black and with brown 
point in centre, round ; reniform defined by black, on outer side 
reduced to points, its centre suffused with brown and with black 
lunule on inner side; a diffused dark j)atch on middle of costa and 
oblique slightly waved line from cell to inner margin ; postmedial 
line double tilled in bj' white lunulate marks, bent outwards below 
costa, then dentate, excurved to vein 3, then incurved, some white 
points beyond it on costa; a subterrainal series of slight white 
marks in the interspaces ; a terminal series of small black lunules 
defined by Avhitish lunules and with blackish marks beyond them 



92 NOCXDIT)^. 

Oil the cilia. Hind wing white tinged Avith pale yellow-brown, 
the terminal area slightly darker ; an indistinct postnaedial line 
defined by whitish on outer side ; cilia white with series of slight 
dark points ; the underside white tinged with brown, a brownish mark 
on middle of costa, indistinct discoidal spot and curved postmedial 
line. 

Hah. Kashmik, Dana (x)/c^r^/t?tr), 1 (S ; PtrifJAB, Sulu, Sultanpur 
{G. Foun'j), 3 d, ISimla (Harford), 1 J, 1 $, Kusauli, I c? , 
Dharmsala {Hochuvj), 1 cJ , 1 2 ; N- India, 1 $ type soluta ; 
SiKuiM, 1 (S ', Assam ; Java (Homjield), 1 c? type. Exp. 36-46 
millim. 



3674. Acronycta consanguis. (Plate CXXV. fig. 11.) 

Acronycta co7isanguis, Butl. A. M. N. H. (5) iv. p. 358 (1879); Staud. 

Oat. Lop. pal. p. I'.yd. 
Acronycta asiatica, Pouj. Bull. Soc. Ent. Fr. (6) viii. p. 20 (1888). 

Head and thorax white mixed with black-brown ; 2nd joint of 
palpi with black patch at sides ; hind tibiae with black streaks, the 
tarsi banded with blackish ; abdomen white sufi'used with reddish 
brown. Fore wing white irrorated wath brown and fuscous; sub- 
basal line represented by slight double striae from costa and curved 
black mark below cell with white spot on its inner edge ; ante- 
medial line double tilled in with whitish, the lines widely separated 
towards costa and the outer line verj- indistinct except at costa and 
inner margin, oblique, waved ; orbicular white defined by black on 
outer side, slightly on inner, somewhat elliptical; reniform defined 
by black on inner side and by black points on outer ; a fuscous 
patch on middle of costa and an oblique rather ditiused line from 
lower angle of cell to inner margin ; postmedial line black defined 
on inner side by lunulate white marks, bent outwards below costa, 
then dentate, excurved to vein 3, then incurved and angled out- 
wards at vein 1, some brown suffusion beyond it and white points 
with minute black streaks between them on costa ; traces of a 
whitish sul)terminal line ; a terminal series of small black lunules ; 
cilia white with series of blackish spots near base. Hind wing 
white suffused with pule brown except on inner area ; a diffused 
brownish postmedial line and terminal band ; cilia white intersected 
with pale brown ; the underside white faintly tinged with brown, 
the costal area irrorated with brown, a brown patch on middle of 
costa, slight discoidal spot, and postmedial line excurved to vein 5, 
then incurved. 

Hah. ? E. Siberia, Ussuri ; Japan, Tokio (Fenton), 1 5 , Yoko- 
hama (Pnjer, Manley), 4 d' , 3 5 type ; W. China, Chang-yang 
(Pratt), 1 J , 1 2 ■> Moupin (David), type f c? asiatica in Mus. Paris. 
Ki'j}. 42-48 millim. 



ACEOKYCTA. 93 

*3675. Acronycta albistigma. (Plate CXXV. fig. 12.) - 

Acronycta cdhistigma, South, ined. • 

S . Head and thorax white mixed with brown ; palpi with the 
1st and 2nd joints black above; antennae with the basal joint black 
at extremity behind ; teguliie with faint dark band before the tips 
which are whitish ; tarsi brown ringed with white ; abdomen 
ochreous whirish tinged withbrowr,. Fore wing grey-white thickly 
irrorated with fuscous ; subbasal line represented by double black 
striae from costa and cell, the latter filled in with white ; anteraedial 
line rather indistinct, double, oblique, waved, angled inwards on 
vein 1 ; orbicular pure white defined at sides by black and with 
some brown scales in centre, rather oblicjue elliptical ; reniform 
defined at sides by black and white points ; medial line represented 
by a diffused oblique fuscous bar from costa and an indistinct 
oblique dentate line from lower angle of cell to iriner margin ; 
postmedial line double, the inner line indistinct, filled in by white 
lunules between veins 7 and 4 and 3 and 1, bent outwards below 
costa, then dentate, bent inwards below vein 4 and ending on inner 
margin near tornus, some dark suffusion bevond it between veins 8 
and 4 and below vein 2, and some white points on costa ; a waved 
white subterminal line ; a series of small black spots on termen 
and base of cilia defined by whitish lunules on inner side. Hind 
wing white, the basal area figged with browni'^h yellow, the veins 
and terminal area suffused wnth brown ; an indistinct curved post- 
medial line ; cilia ochreous white with a series of fuscous spots ; the 
underside white w'ith slight dark spot in middle of cell, blackish 
discoidal lunule and postmedial line maculate and excurved to 
vein 5, then oblique. 

JJah. Japan, type t J in Coll. Wileman. Exjj. 50 millim. 

3676. Acronycta rumicis. 

Noctua rumicis, Linn. Syat. Nat. ed. x. p. 516 (1758); Esp. Schmett. iv. 

pi. 117. ff. 7-9; Hiibn. Eur. Sohniett., JN'oct. f. 9; Frr. Neiie Beitr. 

pi. 513; Stepli. 111. Brit. Ent., Haiist. iii. p. 42; Diip. Lep. Fr ti. 

p. 241, pi. 88. f. 2 ; Stand. Cat. Lep. pal. p. 133. 
Acronycta. salicis, Cm-t. Brit. Etit. v. pi. 136 (1829). 
Acronycta diffusa, Wlk. xi. 708 (1857). 
Acronycta indica, Moore, P. Z. S. 1867, p. 47 ; HnqDsn. Moths Ind. ii. 

p. 203, & iv. p. 509. 
Acronycta turanica,iitn.\iA. Stett. ent. Zeit. 1888, p. 65; id. Eom. Mem. 

V. pi. 8. f. 5. 
Acronycta alnoides, Geest, Allg. Zeit. Ent. viii. p. 310 (1903). 

Head and thorax white mixed with brown and black ; 2nd joint 
of palpi with black band ; frons with black bar ; tarsi black ringed 
with white ; abdomen whitish dorsally suffused with ochreous and 
brown, the basal crest mixed with black. Fore wing white very 
thickly irrorated with brown, the inner and postmedial areas 
suffused with brown ; subbasal line represented by double black 
striae from costa and single striga from cell with black streak from 



94 NOCTUID-E. 

it to antemediiil line, which is stronj?, black, double, oblique, waved, 
angled outwards below costa and inwards on vein 1 ; orbicular and 
reniform defined by black, the former round with brown point in 
centre, the latter with brown lunule on inner side of centre; an 
oblique dark striga from ctista to reniform and waved line from cell 
to inner margin ; postmedial line double with white lunule on it 
in submedian interspace, bent outwards below costa, then dentate, 
incurved below vein 3 and angled outwards on vein 1, some white 
points bej'ond it on costa ; an irregularly waved white subterminal 
line excurved below costa and at middle and with series of black 
spots on its outer edge ; a terminal series of small triangular black 
spots ; cilia mixed with brown at base, the tips white with series 
of black points. Hind wing red-brown, the cilia white with some 
brown at base ; the underside white tinged and irrorated with red- 
brown, a slight discoidal point. 

Ab. 1. salicis. Fore wing suffused with fuscous brown, leaving 
the lunule on postmedial line and the subterminal line white. 

Ab. 2. alnoides. Fore wing with the inner area suffused with 
fuscous to postmedial line and with ditt'used oblique fascia beyond 
postmedial line below vein 3. 

Ab. 3. Larger and darker. — Japan and W. China. 
Ab. 4, turanica. Fore wing sparsely irrorated with fuscous and 
with fuscous suffusion below submedian fold and beyond postmedial 
line only. 

ffah. Britain, Scotland, Leech Coll., England {Grer/son), Leech 
Coll.; Fkancb; Denmark, Dohlmann Coll.; Germany, Zeller and 
Leech Colls. ; Afstria ; Hungary : Switzerland, Frey Coll. ; 
Spain ; Corsica, Frey Coll. ; LrALY ; Morocco. Tangier ( Wahhuj- 
liam), 1 S '■, Scandinavia ; Eussia, Livonia, Zeller Coll. ; Cyprus 
{Miss Bate), 1 9 ; Armknia ; Asia Minor, Brussa, \ ^ , 1 § , Zeller 
Coll., Amanus Mts., 1 $ ; Syria, 1 5 , Leech Coll., Bagdad (Loffus), 
1 2 ^yps ff^'ffU'^ci ; W. Turkestan, Ferghana, 1 c? , 1 § , Sarawschan, 
Issyk Kul; E. Turkestan, Hi; E. Siberia; Japan, Hakodate 
( WhHeley), 1 cT , 1 $ , Tokio {Maries), 1 J , 1 $ , Yokohama {Jonas, 
Fn/er, Leech), 2 cT , 3 $ , ISTagahama {Leech), 1 $ , Kiushiu, 1 $ ; 
CoRBA, Gensan {Leech), 1 $ : C. China, Ichang (Fryer), 1 5 , Ship- 
y-shan {Fratt), 1 J ; W. China, Chang-yang (Fratt), 2 $ , Omei- 
shan, 1 2 , Niton, 1 $ , Ta-chien-lu (Fratt), 1 $ , Wa-ssu-kou, ] c? , 
Kia-ting-fu, 1 S , Chia-kou-ho (Fratt), 1 c? , Pu-tsu-fang, 1 $ , 
Kwei-chow, 1 J ; Sikhim (Russell), 1 S type indica. Exp. 34-46 
millim. 

Larva. Meyr. Brit. Lep. p. 143 ; Barrett, Lep. Brit. iii. p. 267, pi. 12,3. 

f. 1- 

Hark grey-brown with, pale marblings ; a dorsal series of black 

patches enclosing orange-red spots ; subdorsal series of white spots ; 
subspiracular line waved, white or pale j'ellow, the tubercles orange- 
red ; fascicles of pale ochreous or reddish hair mixed with blackish 
hair ; somites 4 and 11 somewhat prominent above ; head black 
streaked with brownish ochreous. Food-plants : Folygonum, Sali.v, 
Hawthorn, Veronica, &c. 8-9. 



ACEOXYCTA, 95 

3677. Acronycta lutea. 

Acrnnycta luieci,'Brem. & Grey, Motsch. Et. Eiit. i. p. 05 ClSoi) ; Brem. Lep. 

Ost-Sib. pi. 4. f. 7 ; Oberth. Et. Ent. x. p. 18, pi. 2. \. 14 ; Stand. Cat. 

Lep. pal. p. \'6?>. 
Vharetm leucopiera, Butl. Trans Ent. Soc. 1881. p. 695. 

Head and thorax grej'-white mixed with black-brown ; palpi 
with blackish band on 2nd joint ; patagia edged with blackish ; 
tarsi banded black and white ; abdomen greyish sufiused with 
brown and with j'ellow towards base, the ventral surface whitish. 
Fore wing whitish almost wholly suffused and irrorated with bhtck- 
brown, the inner and postmedial areas slightly darker; subbasal 
line represented by double black strife from costa and single striga 
from cell with slight black streak from it to antemedial line, which 
is double, the lines widely separated, oblique, waved, angled out- 
wards below costa ; orbicular and reniform defined by black, the 
former small, round, with slight whitish annulus ; a dark striga 
from middle of costa and faint dark patch above middle of vein 1 ; 
postmedial line double with white lunule on it below submedian 
fold, the inner line indistinct, bent outwards below costa, then 
dentate, incurved below vein 3 and angled outwards on vein 1, 
some white points beyond it on costa ; a subterminal series of 
whitish spots in the interspaces with blackish spots on their outer 
side conjoined by slight streaks to the terminal series of points. 
Hind wing orange-yellow, the basal area slightly tinged with 
brown ; the terminal area broadly black-brown with irregular inner 
edge angled inwards at vein 2 and pale yellow patch on termon in 
submedian interspace ; cilia whitish ; the underside yellowish 
white, the costal area irrorated with brown, a slight discoidal 
lunule and diffused subterminal band forming large blackish patches 
between vein 3 and submedian fold and vein 1. 

Ab. 1. leucoptera. Hind wing whitish slightlj" tinged with 
yellow. 

Ab. 2. Hind wing deep orange-yellow. 

Hab. E. Siberia, Dahuria, Amurland, Ussuri ; Japan, Oiwake 
(Fryej-), 4 $ , Yokohama (Pn/er), 2 d type leneoptera ; Coeea, Gensan 
(Leech), 1 d ; W. China, Chang-yang {Frail), 1 d . Exj). 46-48 
millim. 

3678. Acronycta catocaloida. (Plate CXXY. fig. 13.) 

Acronycta ccctocahiida, Gra^s. Berl. ent. Zeit. 1888, p. 313 ; Staud. Cat. 
Lep. pal. p. 133. 

5 . Head and thorax white mixed with black; palpi white with 
blatk hand on 2nd joint; patagia edged with blackish; tarsi 
banded black and white; abdomen grejish thickly irrorated with 
dark brown and dorsally suffused with reddish brown towards 
base. Fore wing whitish almost wholly suffused with dark brown 
and irrorated with black ; subbasal line indistinct, double, waved, 
from costa to submedian told ; antemedial line rather indistinct, 
double, waved, oblique ; orbicular and reniform defined by black, 



98 NOCTUID.E. 

the former white with brown centre, round ; an indistinct waved 
medial line ; postmedial line doable filled in with white lunules, 
bent outwards below costa, then dentate, excurved to vein 3, then 
incurved, some white points beyond it on costa ; an ill-deHned 
lunulate white subterminal line conjoined below apex and at middle 
to the white lunules on termen defining the terminal series of small 
black lunules. Hind win,:^' yellow with paler patch beyond the cell 
from costa to vein 4 ; the basal area suff'used wilh brown ; a black 
discoidal lunule ; the terminal area broadly black-brown with 
sinuous inner edge and leaving a narrow pale yellow terminal band 
with series of d irk points on it ; cilia pale yellow ; the underside 
pale yellow irrorated with brown except in subraedian interspace, 
an elongate dark mark in middle of cell, large black discoidal spot, 
lunulato postmedial line incurved below vein 3 and with dift"used 
brown band beyond it interrupted at discal fold. 

Hab E. Siberia, Amurland, Ussuri ; Japax, Hakodate (Leec/i), 
1 $ . Exp. 46 millim. 

Sect. II. {Trirena). Thorax clothed with hair and hair-like scales luixeJ. with 
a few scules. 

A. Fore wing with the orbicular and reniform conjoined by 
a black >t,reak. 
a. Fore wing with black streak in discal Ibid beyond post- 
medial line. 
«i. Fore wing with quadrate black patch between orbi- 
cular and reniform, the postmedial line sligbtly 

incurved below vein 4 quadrata. 

b^. Fore wing with black streak between orbicular and 
reniform, the postmedial line strongly incurved 
below vein 3. 
or. Fv)re wing with white streaks on the veins and 

in subiiied inn fold stngidata. 

h'^. Fore wing without white streaks on the veins and 
in subitiedi in fold. 

a?. Thorax with ochreous dorsal streak thoracica. 

h^. Thorax without ochreous dorsal streak. 

a*. Fore wing with the black streak between 

orbicular and reniform bent downwards as 

an oblique striga on inner edge of reniforui. 

a\ Fore wing witli the ground-colour white . Icettfica. 

b'\ Fore wing with the ground-colour purplish 

grey. 

a^. Fore wing with the basal black streak 

extending to beyond antemedial line ; 

size large , lohelim. 

If'. Fore wing with the basal black .streak 
not extending to beyond antemedial 
line ; size smaller. 
a? . Hind wing with the veins and termen 

irrorated with brown manifoha. 

v. Hind wing wholly suffused with brown furcifera. 
h^. Fore wing with the black streak between 
orbicular and reniform dividing into a fork 
on inner edge of reniform. 
aK Fore wing slightly irrorated with fuscous. 



ACE0x\YCT4.. I 

ffl^. Fore wing whitish or slightly tinged 

, with brown, the streak in extremity of 

submedian fold almost always separate 

from the minute streak interseuting the 

cilia psi, 

b^. Fore wing more or less suffused with 
purplish brown, the streak in extremity 
of submedian fold confluent with the 

streak intersecting the cilia tridens. 

c®. Fore wing more uniform purplish brown ; 

size larger incretata. 

6*. Fore wing strongly irrorated with fuscous. 
a*^. Hind wing with the postmedial line in- 
distinct ; size moderate. 
a? . Fore wing with the streak in sub- 
median fold crossing postmedial line 
strong. 
a?. Fore wing with the orbicular oblique 

elliptical cuspis. 

b^. Fore wing with the orbicular rounded, leucocuspis. 
6'. Fore wing with the streak in sub- 
median fold crossing postmedial line 

slight oriental-is. 

¥. Hind wing with the postmedial line 
strong, defined by whitish on outer 

side; size very large maxima. 

h. Fore wing without black streak in discal fold beyond 
postmedial line. 
a'. Fore wing without black shade in submedian inter- 
space from base to termen. 
ap-. Fore wing with the basal and postmedial streaks 

in submedian fold strong iria. 

b^. Fore wing with the basal and postmedial streaks 

in submedian fold slight hercules. 

b^. Fore wing with black shade in submedian interspace 

from base to termen ruhiginosa. 

B. Fore wing without black streak between orbicular and 
reniform. 
a. Fore wing with distinct black streak below base of cell. 
a^. Fore wing with spur Irom lower side of basal streak 
at middle, 
a^. Fore wing with the streak in submedian fold 
beyond postmedial line slender and not reaching 
termen. 
a". Hind wing white, the veins of terminal half 
and the termen tinged with brown in female. 

«*. Fore wing blue-white taurica. 

b*. Fore wing grey-white aceris. 

P. Hind wing wholly suffused with brown. 

a*. Fore wing with the streak below base of cell 

extending to beyond antemedial line major. 

6*. Fore wing with the streak below base of cell 

not extending to beyond antemedial line ... eldora. 
b'^. Fore wing with the streak in submedian fold 
beyond postmedial line strong and reaching 
termen. 
a^. Hind wing tinged with ochreous. 

a^. Fore wing with tlie postmedial line angled 

inwards in submedian fold tritona, 

b*. Fore wing with the postmedial line not angled 

inwards in submedian fold — — .. ... fulcuia.. 

TOL. VIII. H 



98 NOCTTJIDiE. 

i*. Hind wing white, not tinged with ochreous. 
a'*. Fore wing with the postmedial line shghtly 

angled outwarda at veins 4, 3 elizaheia. 

bK Fore wing with the postmedial line strongly 
angled outwards at veins 4, 8. 
a\ Fore wing with the ground-colour purplish 

grey revellata. 

¥. Fore wing with the ground-colour blue-grey grisea. 
h^. Fore wing without spur from lower side of basal 
streak at middle. 
a'. Fore wing with the postmedial line minutely 
waved. 
a^. Fore wing with the inner area black. 

a*. Fore wing with black streak in diseal fold 

beyond postmedial line alni. 

6*. Fore wing without black streak in diseal I'old 

beyond postmedial line funeralis. 

b^. Fore wing with tiie inner area not black. 

a**. Fore wing witli distinct black streak in diseal 
fold beyond postmedial line. 
«'. Fore wing with the postmedial line strongly 
incurved below vein 4, the medial line 

indistinct morula. 

b^. Fore wing with the postmedial line slightly 
incurved below vein 4, the medial line 

distinct transversaia. 

b*. Pore wing without distinct black streak in 

diseal fold beyond postmedial line. 

«'. Fore wing with the antemedial line double, 

distinct. 

a^. Fore wing with the antemedial line 

angled inwards in submedian fold ; 

palpi very short tota. 

b^. Fore wing with the antemedial line 

not angled inwards in submedian fold . radcliffei. 
b^. Fore wing with the antemedial line single, 
obsolescent, 
a". Fore wing with the ground-colour white, felina. 
b^. Fore wing with the ground-colour blue- 

gi'ey. 

a' . Fore wing with the orbicular present, frigida. 
b^ . Fore wing with the orbicular absetit . cyanescens. 
c^. Fore wing with the ground-colour ash- 
grey pacifica. 

b"^. Fore wing with the postmedial line dentate 
throughout. 
a^. Fore wing without series of dark streaks in 
interspaces of terminal area. 
a*. Fore wing with well-defined black streak in 
diseal fold beyond postmedial line. 
ftS. Fore wing with oblique black striga on 

inner edge of reniform interrupta. 

b''. Fore wing without oblique black striga on 

inner edge of reniform spinigera. 

b'*. Fore wing without well-defined black streak 
in diseal fold beyond postmedial line, 
a". Fore wing with more or less distinct black 
streak in submedian fold crossing post- 
medial line. 



ACEONYCTA. 99 

a^. Fore wing with the orbicular well- 
deieliipecl. 
a\ Fore wing witli the orbicular round ... auricoma. 
h~. Fore wing with the orbicular quadrate, 

whitish pidverosa. 

h^. Fore wing with the orbicular minute. 
a?. Fore wing with the antemedial line 

double, distinct menyanthidis. 

f. Fore wing with the antemedial line 
single, obsolescent. 
a!^. Fore wing with the basal streak 
reaching antemedial line. 

«". Fore wmg blue-grey canadensis. 

b^. Fore wing grey-white, 
a'". Fore wing thickly irrorated with 

I'uscous Cinderella. 

h^°. Fore wing sparsely irrorated with 
fuscous. 
«ii. Fore wing creamy-white, the 
postmedial line incurved in sub- 
median fold '. le2msoulina. 

611. Fore wing chalky white, the 
postmedial line angled inwards 

in subinedian fold chionochroa. 

b^. Fore wing with the basal streak not 
reaching antemedial line, 
a". Fore wing white irrorated with 

fuscous populi. 

h^. Fore wing brown irrorated with 

white similana. 

b". Fore wing without black sti-eak in sub- 
median fold crossing postmedial line. 
a^. Fore wing with tne postmedial line 
sti'ongly dentate. 
a''. Hind wing with the ground-colour 

whitish gastridia . 

W. Hind wing with the ground-colour 

orange metaxantha. 

b^. Fore wing with the postmedial line 
minutely dentate. 
a'^. Fore wing blue-grey ; hind wing white 
in male. 
a^. Fore wing with prominent white 
lunule on postmedial line in sub- 
median fold iiigfi'tcans. 

b^. Fore wing without prominent white 
lunule on postmedial line in sub- 
median fold emacidata. 

W . Fore wing pale grey ; hind wing tinged 
with brownish ochreous. 
«*. Fore wing with fuscous shade on 

inner area impressa. 

b^. Fore wing without fuscous shade on 

inner area distans. 

Fore wing with series of dark streaks in inter- 
spaces of terminal area. 
t^. Fore wing with the postmedial line with 
strong whitish teeth interrupted by dark 
streaks at discdl and submedian folds edola.ta. 

h2 



100 NOCTUID^. 

A''. Fore wing with the postuiedial line moder- 
ately dentate. 
a". Fore wing with the postmedial line obso- 
lescent litlwspila. 

6'. Fore wing with the postmedial line distinct. 
a°. Fore wing with black streak above vein 1 

from base to postmedial line barnesi. 

b^. Fore wing withont black streak above 
vein 1 from base to postmedial line. 
07. Fore wing with the inner half suffused 

with fuscous perdita. 

b''. Fore wing with the inner half not 

suffused with fuscous extricata. 

ci. Fore wing with the postmedial line not dentate 

except at veins 4, 3, then strongly incurved digna. 

d'^. Fore wing with the postmedial line even through- 
out,, sti-ongly bent inwards below vein 3 ., raphaelis. 

n. Fore wing without black streak below base of cell. 
a^. Fore wing with the orbicular moderate. 

«2. Fore wing with the antemedial line strongly bent 

inwards to inner margin rubricoma, 

bK Fore wing with the antemedial line not strongly 
bent inwards to inner margin. 
«3. Fore wing with whitish subterminal line. 
«"■. Fore wing slightly suffused and irrorated 

with fuscous centralis. 

M. Fore wing strongly suffused and irrorated 

with fuscous megacephala. 

c*. Fore wing almost wholly suffused with black, 
a'. Head, thorax, and fore wing strongly irro- 
rated with grey tieiM. 

/;'. Head, thorax, and fore wing slightly irro- 
rated with grey bicolor. 

b'^. Fore wing without whitish subterminal line, 
a*. Fore wing with the postmedial line not 
defined by small dark lunules on outer side. 

a'. Fore wing ochreous white beinlce. 

b^ . Fore wing grey americana. 

b^. Fore wing with the postmedial line defined 
by small dark lunules on outer side. 
«*. Fore wing purplish grey suffused with 
brown. 
a6 Hind wing of male tinged with grey ... hesperida. 
b^. Hind wing of male tinged with yellow . hastulifera. 

e8. Hind wing of male pure white dactylina. 

Ir'. Fore wing white tinged with brown. 

a6. Fore wing with the antemedial line 

entire, indistinctly double insita. 

b^. Fore wing with the antemedial line re- 
duced to spots on costa, below cell, and 

on inner margin innotata. 

Z>i. Fore wing with the orbicular minute. 

a2. Fore wing with black streak in submedian fold 
beyond postmedial line. 
a^. Fore wing with the medial area below and 

beyond the cell black othello. 

h^. Fore wing with the medial area concolorous ... longa. 
62. Fore wing without black streak in submedian 
fold beyond postmedial line. 
a?. Fore wing with brown shade beyond postmedial 

li ne sperata. 



ACRODiTTCTA. 101 

63. Fore wing without brown sliade beyond post- 
medial line. 
«■*. Fore wing with the postniedial line dentate . euphorhice. 
h*. Fore wing with the postmedial line minutely 

waved abscondita. 

3679. Acronycta quadrata. (Plate CXXV. tig. 14.) 

Acronycta quadrata, Grote, Bull. Buff. Soc. Nat. Sci. ii. p. 154(1874); 
bmith & Dyar, Pr. U.S. Kat. Mus. xxi. p. 106, pi. iii. f. 1 ; Smith, Cat. 
JJoct. N. Am. p. 38. 

S . Head and thorax grey-white mixed with pale violaceous 
brown; 2nd joint of palpi with black band ; tegulse with blackish 
streaks at middle and on outer edge ; shoulders and outer edges of 
patagia with black streaks ; mid and hind tibiae with faint dark 
streaks ; abdomen white faintly tinged with brown towards ex- 
tremity. Pore wing white irrorated with violaceous brown, the 
costal area from medial to postmedial lines and the postmedial area 
suffused with pale violaceous brown ; subbasal line represented by 
double black striae from costa ; a strong black streak in submediau 
fold from base to just beyond antemedial line, expanding at middle 
and with some brownish suffusion below its base ; antemedial line 
double, brown, waved from costa to submedian fold, then excurved ; 
orbicular white defined by black except above, erect elliptical, with 
quadrate black mark beyond it extending slightly into the reniform 
which has a brownish centre and white annulus defined by black ; 
a diffused medial brownish line oblique from costa to lower angle 
of cell, then incurved ; postmedial line black defined by white on 
inner side, bent outwards below costa, erect to vein 4, then slightly 
incurved and very minutely waved, a minute black streak before it 
in submedian fold and strong fascia beyond it to near termen, some 
whitish points on costa ; subterminal line rather diffused, whitish, 
excurved below costa and at middle and with minute black streak 
beyond it in discal fold ; a terminal series of slight dark striae ; 
cilia white with dark brown line at base and brown tips ; the 
underside with the costal area irrorated with brown, a black 
discoidal point and indistinct postmedial line bent outwards below 
costa, then slightly waved. 

5 . Hind wing with indistinct curved postmedial line with broad 
diffused dark band beyond it except towards tornus ; the underside 
with the costal and terminal areas irrorated with fuscous. 

Uah. Canada, Manitoba, Aweme {Criddle), 1 5 , Alberta, Calgary 
(WoUey-Dod), 5 c?, 1 $ , Br. Columbia; U.S.A., Nebraska, Kansas, 
2 2 type, California. JExp. 40-44 millim. 

3680. Acronycta strigulata. (Plate CXXV. fig. 15.) 

Acronycta strigulata. Smith, Ent. News Pbilad. viii. p. 150 (1897); 
Smith & Dyar, Pr. U.S. Nat. Mus. xxi. p. 92, pi. xii. f. «; Dyar, Cat. 
Lep. N. Alii. p. 101. 

(5. Head and thorax white mixed with fuscous and black; 2nd 



102 NOC'TUII)^^, 

joint of palpi with Llack band ; shoulders with black stripes ; vertex 
of thorax with yellowish stripe ; mid and hind tibiag streaked with 
black ; abdomen Avhite dorsally irrorated with fuscous. Fore wing 
white irrorated with fuscous and black, the veins white with slif^ht 
black streaks between them near orif<in from cell ; subbasal and 
iintemedial lines absent ; a black streak in basal half of submedian 
fold, difiused below and defined by a fine white streak above, ex- 
tending to medial line ; orbicular white defiued by black except 
above, oblique, acute at lower extremity and with oblique black 
streak from it to lower extremity of reniform, which is vvhitish 
slightly defined by black on inner side, undefined on outer ; a 
diffused oblique dark bar from middle of costa to reniform and 
traces of an obliaue sinuous line from lower angle of cell to inner 
margin ; postmedial line black slightly defined by white on inner 
side, strongly bent outwards below costa, then dentate, excurved 
to vein 4, then very oblique and angled outwards on vein 1, rather 
diffused black streaks from well before it to termen in discal and 
submedian folds ; a series of small wedge-shaped black marks on 
termen and cilia, the mark above vein 2 longer. Hind wing pure 
white; the underside with the costal area irrorated with a few 
black scales, a black discoidal spot and some points on termen. 

$. IJind wdng with the terminal area slightly irrorated M'ith 
brown. 

Hah. U.S.A., Colorado (Bruce), 1 6, 1 $> Glenwocd Springs, 
1 (5,1 $ . Exp. 44 millim. 

3681. Acronycta thoracica. (Plate CXXV. fig. 16.) 

Apniela fhoracica. Grote, N. Am. Eiit. i. p. 94 (1879) ; Smith & Dyar, Pr. 
U.S. Nat. Mus. xxi. p. 91, pi. iii. f. 8 ; tSmith, Cat. Noct. N. Am. p. 37. 

$ . Head and thorax white mixed with brown and black ; 2nd 
joint of palpi wath black band, frons black at sides and with slight 
black bar above ; antennae with the b;ts;il joint white in front ; 
shoulders and outer edges of patagia with black streaks ; prothorax 
dorsally tinged with reddish oehreous, the metathorax Avith slight 
paired black marks; tibise streaked with black, the tarsi banded 
with black ; abdomen white irrorated with fuscous and dorsally 
tinged with brown. Pore wing white suffused with grey and 
irrorated with black ; subbasal line represented by double black 
striae from costa and single striga from cell ; a strong black streak 
in submedian fold from base to well beyond antemedial line Avith a 
white streak above it extending to medial line; the antemedial 
line represented by a black striga from costa, interru]>ted to median 
nervure, then angled inwards in submedian fold and strongly out- 
wards above inner margin ; orbicular white defined by black, small, 
oblique, triangular, "with oblique black streak from its extremity 
to lower extremity of reniform, which is defined b}^ black on inuer 
side, undefined on outer and with its centre tinged with rufous, an 
oblique black bar above it from costa, and an indistinct sinuous 
line from lower angle of cell to inner margin at vein 1 ; postmedial 



ACRONTCTA. 103 

line black defined on inner side by diffused white, double just above 
and below vein 2, strongly bent outwards below costa, then 
dentate, strongly incurved below vein 4, crossed by black streaks 
in discal and submedian folds, the latter strong, the former stronger 
to-w^ards termen ; the veins of terminal area with slight dark 
streaks ; subterminal line represented by slight white strife from 
costa and above vein 2 ; cilia intersected by short bhick streaks 
from before termen. Hind wing white tinged with reddish brown 
especially on terminal area, the veins brown; cilia white; the 
underside with the costal area slightly irrorated with black, a 
blackish discoidal spot, rather maculate postmedial line incurved 
below vein 3, and terminal series of small lunules. 

Bah. U.S.A., Colorado, 1 2 type. New Mexico, Las Vigas, Hot 
Springs, Arizona, Tucson, Yavapai Co., Minnehaha, 1 $. Ex/). 
46 millim, 

3682. Acronycta Isetifica. (Plate CXXV. fig. 17.) 

Acronycta /f^^Z/fca, Smith, Ent. News Philad. viii. p. 160 (1897); Smilh 
&Dyar, Pr. U.S. Nat. Mus. x.\i. p. 89, pi. iii. f. 12; Dyar, Cat. Len 
N. Am. p. 101. ^ 

Head and thorax white mixed wdth fuscous ; palpi with black 
band on 2nd joint ; shoulders and outer edges of patagia with black 
streaks ; prothorax wdth slight paired black s]>ots ; tibi« with 
interrupted black streaks, the tarsi with slight black bands; abdo- 
men white irrorated with fuscous. Fore wing white irrorated 
with pale brown ; subbasal line represented by double dark strise 
from costa and single striga from cell ; a strong sinuous black 
streak in submedian fold from base to outer edge of antemedial 
line, w^hich is double, the lines widely separated towards costa, 
oblique, sinuous ; orbicular defined by black except above, rather 
oblique elliptical, with strong curved black streak from its lower 
edge to lower extremity of reniform, which is large, defined by 
black on inner side, faintly defined on outer and with black points 
at upper and lower extremities ; an indistinct rather diffused 
medial line, oblique from costa to reniform, oblique and sinuous 
from low^er angle of cell to inner margin ; postmedial line double 
filled in with white, the outer line black, the inner indistinct, bent 
outwards below costa, then dentate, e.\ curved to vein 4, then 
strongly incurved, with black streaks from just before it to termen 
in discal and submedian folds ; postmedial area tinged with fuscous 
and with blackish in submedian interspace, some whitish points on 
costa ; an indistinct diffused white subterminal line slightly' bent 
outwards at vein 7 ; a terminal series of Vjlack points. Hind win^ 
whitish suffused with fuscous, the basal area paler and tinged with 
ochreous ; a terminal series of dark points ; the underside white 
irrorated with fuscous, a blackish spot in middle of cell and black 
discoidal spot, an indistinct diffused sinuous postmedial line. 

Huh. U.S.A., New York, Evans Center (Grote), 2 J, 2 § , Nuw 
Jersey, Florida. 1 c? . Krp. 44~5U millim. 



104 NOCIUID.E. 

3683. Acronycta lobelise. (Plate CXXV. fig. 18.) 

Acronycta lohelicB, Guen. Noct. i. p. 44 (1862); Smith & Dyar, Pr. U.S. 

Nat. Mus. xxi. p. 82, pi. ii. f. 11 ; Smith, Cat. Noct. N. Am. p. 36. 
Acronycta grotei, Eutl. A. M. N. H. (6) xi. p. 4U0 (18y3). 

Head aud thorax grey-white mixed with fuscous ; palpi with 
black band on 2nd joint ; frons with lateral black marks ; shoulders 
with black streaks ; tegulaj and patagia with black streaks at sides ; 
pro- and mesothorax with slight paired black marks ; tibiae with 
strong black streaks, the tarsi slightly banded with black above ; 
abdomen dorsally suffused with pale reddish brown, the basal crest 
grey, the anal tuft and ventral surface white mixed with fuscous. 
Fore wing grey- white suffused and irrorated with fuscous ; sub- 
basal line represented by double black strise from costa and a single 
striga from cell ; a very strong black streak in submedian fold from 
base to outer side of antemedial line, which is double, oblique, 
waved, angled outwards below costa and excurved above inner 
margin ; orbicular white defined by black, small, oblique elliptical, 
a strong curved black streak from its lower edge to lower extremity 
of reniform, which is large, defined by black on innerside, indistinctly 
defined on outer and with black points at its upper and lower 
extremities; an indistinct medial line, oblique from costa to reni- 
form, oblique and sinuous from lower angle of cell to inner margin 
at antemedial line ; postmedial line double filled in with white, the 
outer line black, bent outwards below ccsta, then dentate, slightly 
angled inwards at discal fold and strongly incurved below vein '2, 
some dark suffusion beyond it in submedian interspace, a black 
streak from it to near termen in discal fold and a strong black 
streak from just before it to termen in submedian fold ; traces of 
a minutely waved whitish subterminal line ; cilia intersected by 
black streaks from just before termen. Hind wing white tinged 
with reddish brown and the terminal area with fuscous, the veins 
brown ; cilia white intersected by slight brown streaks ; the 
underside white, the costal and terminal areas irrorated with 
fuscous, a slight black streak in base of cell, a black discoidal spot, 
a crenulate postmedial line ending in a dark spot in submedian 
fold, and a terminal series of blackish points. 

Hah. Cajtada ; U.S.A., New York (Doiibleclay), 1 c? type, Evans 
Center (Grofe), 3 $ type grotei, New Jersey, Illinois, Florida, 
Minnesota, Kansas (Snow), 2 S , 1 $ i Douglas Co., Louisiana, 
Texas. Ex^). 48-58 millim. 

Larva. Smith & Dyar, Pr. U.S. Nat. Mus. xxi. p. 83, pi. vii. f. 24. 

Head black. Body blackish with a broken dorsal red stripe ; 
hairs sparse, fine, short, mostly growing from the tubercles dorsally. 
Pood-plant : Wild Cherry.— H. G. D. 



ACROXYCTA. 105 

3684. Acronycta nianitoba. (Plate CXXV. fig. 19.) 

Acrovycta manitoha. Smith, Ent. News Phiiad. viii. p. 150 (1897) ; Smith 
& Dyar, Pr. U.S. Nat. Mus. xxi. p. 90, pi. xii. f. 1 ; Dyur, Oat. Lep. 
N. Atu. p. 101. 

J . Head and thorax grey-white mixed with brown and fuscous ; 
palpi white at base, the 2nd joint with black band ; shoulders and 
outer edges of patagia with black streaks ; tibiae streaked with 
black, the tarsi banded with black above; abdomen greyish 
irrorated with fuscous. Fore wing grey-white thickly iiTorated 
with fuscous ; subbasal line represented by black strife from costa 
and cell ; a strong black streak in submedian fold from base to 
outer edge of antemedial line defined by a fine white streak above ; 
antemedial line double, oblique, waved, angled outwards below 
costa and bent inwards to inner margin ; orbicular rather incom- 
pletely defined by black, acute at lower extremity and with strong 
black streak from it to renit'orm, which is defined by black ou 
inner side, ill-defined on outer and with black points at upper and 
lower extremities, its centre tinged with fuscous ; a diffused oblique 
dark striga from costa to reniform and faint sinuous line from lower 
angle of cell to inner margin at antemedial line : postmedial line 
black defined by white on inner side, double at costa and below 
vein 2, bent outwards below costa, oblique to vein 4, then dentate 
and strongly incurved, Avith black streak in discal fold from it to 
near termen, and diffused streak in submedian fold from just before 
it to termen ; an indistinct w aved whitish subterminal line, excurved 
at vein 7, with faint dark streaks from it to the terminal series of 
small black lunules. Hind wing white, the veins tinged with brown, 
the terminal area irrorated with brown ; the underside with the 
costal area slightly irrorated with black, a black discoidal lunule, 
rather diffused postmedial line oblique to vein 4 then incurved, and 
terminal series of black striae. 

5 . Hind wing more suffused with brown, especially on terminal 
area. 

Bah. Canada, Manitoba, Winnipeg, 1 c? , Aweme(Cm?cZ/e), ] S , 
1 5 , Cartwright {Herdh.)^ 2 cJ , 1 $ ; U.S.A., Colorado, Glenwood 
Springs. Exp. 44 millim. 

3685. Acronycta furcifera, (Plate CXXV. fig. 20.) 

Acronycta furcifera, Guen. Noct. i. p. 44 (1852) ; Smith & Dyar, Pr. U.S. 
Nat. Mus. xxi. p. 85, pi. ii. f. 13 ; Smith, Cat. Noct. N. Am. .p. 37. 

Head and thorax dark reddish brown mixed with grey ; 2nd 
joint of palpi with black band ; shoulders and outer edges of patagia 
with black streaks ; tibiae streaked with black, the tarsi blackish 
ringed with white ; abdomen reddish brown, the basal crest 
greyish, the ventral surface whitish irrorated with brown. Fore 
wing dark reddish brown irrorated with grey-w^hite; subbasal line 
represented by slight dark marks below costa and cell ; a strong 



106 NOCTL'ID.E. 

sinuous black streak in subbasal fold from base to outer edge 
of antemedial line, which is double, oblique, waved, angled out- 
wards below costa and bent inwards to inner margin ; orbicular 
Avhitish defined bj' black, oblique, acute at lower extremity and 
with black streak from it to rcniform, which is defined by black on 
inner side, slightly defined on outer; a diffused dark medial line, 
oblique from costa to renit'orm, inwardly oblique and sinuous from 
lower angle of cell to inner margin at antemedial line ; postmedial 
line double filled in with whitish, the outer line black, bent out- 
wards below costa, then minutely dentate, strongly incurved below 
vein 4 and angled outwards on vein 1, with slight black streak 
from it to termen in discal fold and strong streak in submedian 
fold ; an indistinct waved whitish subterminal line, angled outwards 
at vein 7 ; the interspaces of terminal area with short black 
streaks ; cilia chequered whitish and brown with fine black line 
through them. Hind wing w^hitish suffused with reddish brown ; 
a terminal series of small blackish spots : the underside whitish 
tinged and irrorated with red-brown, a slight dark streak in base 
of cell, a blackish discoidal spot and spot on middle of costa, 
a diffused somewhat maculate postmedial line incurved below 
vein 4, and terminal series of small black spots. 

Hah. Canada ; U.S.A., Maine, Kittery Point, New York, 1 c? , 
1 5 1 New Jersey, Union Co., Distr. of Columbia, Washington, 
Illinois, Carbondale, Florida. Exp. 44-46 millim. 

Lama. Smith & Dyar, Pr. U.S. Nat. Mus. xxi. p. 86, pi. vi. f. 10. 

Black, the warts, except 1, pale brown with apical hair and. 
minute rosette of reddish hairs, the brownish setae similar to the 
rather numerous secondary hairs ; a bright red dorsal stripe on 
somites 3 to 11, narrowly edged with velvety black interrupted at 
the incisures ; somite 12 dorsally black ; head bilobed, shining 
black with a red patch at apex of each lobe, slightly shagreened, 
the coarse setae pale ; prolegs pale. Food-plants : AYild Cherry, 
Fire Cherry, and Choke Cherry. 



3686. Acronycta psi. 

Noctiiapsi, Linn. Syst. Nat. ed. x. p. 514 (17o8) ; Esp. Schmett. iv. pi. 115. 

if. 1-2; Dup. Lep. Fr. vi. p. 218, pi. 87. f. 1; Frr. Neiie Beitr. 

pi. 58 ; Steph. 111. Brit. Ent., Haii.st. iii. p. 39 ; Caland, Tijd. v. Ent. 

xxxix. pi. 8. fig. 3; Stand. Cat. Lep. pal. p. 132. 
Acronycta bivirgce, Tutt, Entoni. 1888, p 50. 
Acronycta suffusa, Tntt, Entoin. lo^8, p 50. 
Acronicta altaica, Slaud. Cat. Lep. pal. p. 132 (1901). 

(^ . Head and thorax white tinged with psile brown ; palpi with 
black band on 2nd joint ; antennae with the basal joint black behind ; 
shoulders and outer edges of patagia with black streaks ; tibite 
streaked with black; abdomen white dorsally irrorated with fuscous, 
ventrally tinged with pale brown. Fore wing white thickly irrorated 
with pale brown ; subbasal line represented by double black striae from 
costa ; a black streak in submedian lold from base to just beyond 



ACROJsn'CTA. 



107 



antemedial line giving off slight spurs on upper side near base and 
on underside at middle and forking- above and below on antemedial 
line, which is double, oblique, waved, bent inwards to inner margin, 
indistinct excei)t at costa ; orbicular and reniform defined by black, 
the former oblique elliptical, rather acute at lower exti-emity and 
with curved black streak from it extending into reniform, which is 
produced at upper and lower extremities and constricted at middle ; 
an oblique medial blackish striga from costa ; postmedial line black 




Fig. 18. — Acronyvta psi, (^ . 



defined by white on inner side, double at costa, bent outwards below 
costa, then recurved and slightly sinuous, angled outwards at veins 
4, 3, then incurved and excurved at vein 1, crossed by a fine black 
streak in discal fold and stronger streak in sabmedian fold from well 
before it to near termen, the area beyond it slightly tinged with 
brown, some whitish points with black points between them on 
costa ; subterminal line absent ; a terminal series of black points 
with slight black streaks from them intersecting the cilia and double 
point at submedian fold. Hind wing white, the veins of terminal 
half tinged with brown, the terminal area irrorated with brown 
from apes to vein 2; a terminal series of dark points; the under- 
side with the costal area slightly irrorated with black, a black 
discoidal spot and traces of a waved postmedial line with blackish 
spot on costa and minute dark streaks on the veins. 

5 . Hind wing with indistinct sinuous postmedial line, the 
terminal area suffused with brown. 

Ab. 1. hivirgce. Fore wing with the basal area to antemedial 
line and the postmedial area suffused with black. 

Ab. 2. sttffiisa. Darker ; fore wing more irrorated with brown. 

Ab. 3. altaica. Much paler ; fure wing white, tinged with 
fuscous gre}'. — Altai, E. Siberia. 

Eab. Britain, Leech Coll. ; Prance, Sand Coll. : Germany, 
Zeller, Frey, and Leech Colls. ; Austria; Hungary; Switzerland, 
Frey Coll. ; Spain ; Italy, Leech Coll. ; Algeria ; Scandinavia ; 
KussiA, St. Petersburg, Zeller Coll.; Bulgaria; Armenia; Asia 
Minor, Pontus; Syria, Mardin ; W. Turkestan, Ferghana; W. 
Siberia, Altai ; E. Siberia, Amurland, Ussuri ; Japan, Yokohama 
{Mauley), 1 S • ^^^T- 36-50 millim. 

Larva. Meyr. Brit. Lep. p. 141 ; Barrett, Lep. Brit. iii. p. 251, pi. 122. f. 2. 

Blackish or slate-grey ; a broad pale yellowish or whitish dorsal 
stripe ; lateral series of orange or reddish marks ; spiracular line 



108 N0CTIT1D,15. 

whitish, broad ; 4th somite with a long erect dorsal blackish pro- 
minence, the 11 th somite with smaller prominence; numerous 
ochreous, whitish and blackish hairs; head black. Food-plants: 
Plum, Rose, Birch, &c. 7-9. 



3687. Acronycta tridens. 

Noctua tridens, Scbiif. Wien. Verz. p. 67 (177fi) ; Esp. Suhmeit. iv. pi. 11.5. 

ff. f)-8 ; Dup. Lep. Fr. vi. p. 222, pi. 87. f. 2 ; Wteph. 111. Brit. Ent., 

Haust. ill. p. 40; Caland, Tijd. v. Eut. xxxi.v. pi. 8. f. 2; Staud. Cat. 

Lep. pal. p. 132. 
Noctua psi, Hiibn. Eur. Schmett., Noct. f. 5 (nee Linn.). 
Acronycta kargalika, Moore, A. M. N. H. (.5) i. p. 2o2 (1878) ; id. 2nd 

Yiirkand Mission, Lep. p. 8, pi. 1. f, U. 
Acronycta virga, Tutt, Entom. 1888, p. 50. 

(S . Head and thorax grey suffused with purplish brown : 2nd 
joint of palpi with black band ; irons black at sides ; antennae with 
the basal joint black behind; shoulders and outer edges of patagia 
with black stripes ; tibiae striped with black, the tarsi banded with 
black ; abdomen whitish dorsally suffused with brown and irrorated 
with black. Fore wing grey suffused with purplish brown ; sub- 
basal line represented by double black striae from costa ; a black 
streak in submedian fold from base to outer edge of antemedial 
line giving off slight spurs above near base and below at middle ; 
antemedial line double, oblique, waved, obsolescent on inner area ; 
orbicular defined bj^ black on outer side and below, oblique elliptical 
and giving off an oblique black streak extending into the reniforra, 
which is defined by black on inner side, ill-defined on outer ; an 
oblique black striga from middle of costa ; postmedial line black, 
defined by pale brown on inner side, double at costa, bent outwards 
below costa, then waved, angled outwards at veins 4, 3, then 
incurved and excurved at vein 1, crossed by black streaks in discal 
and submedian folds from well before it to near termen, the latter 
confluent with a terminal point; faint traces of a pale waved sub- 
terminal line; a terminal series of black points emitting slight 
streaks intersecting the cilia, which are brownish at base, whitish 
at tips. Hind wing whitish, suffused with pale brown especially on 
terminal area ; the underside white irrorated with brown, a black 
discoidal spot, waved postmedial line excurved to vein 4, then 
oblique, and terminal series of small black spots. 

5 . Hind wing with indistinct sinuous postmedial line, the 
terminal area more suffused with brown. 

Ab. 1. Fore wing more variegated with white ; hind wing of 
male white, the veins slightly tinged with brown towards termen. 
— Britain. 

Ab. 2. virga. Fore wing with the terminal area broadly suffused 
with fuscous. — Britain. 

Hah. Britain, Leech Coll. ; France, Leech Coll. ; Germany, 
Zeller, Frey and Leech Colls. ; Ausieia ; Hungary ; Switzerland ; 



ACRONYCTA. 109 

Spain, Catalonia ; N. Italy; Algeria; Scandinavia; S.Russia; 
Bulgaria ; Armenia ; E. Turkestan, Karghalik ; Syria ; E. Siberia, 
Amurland, Ussuri. Exp. 40-46 millim. 

Larva. Meyr. Brit. Lep. p. ]41 ; Barrett, Lep. Brit. iii. p. 247, pi. 122. f. 1. 

Black ; a bi'oad white dorsal stripe including a series of orange 
spots ; lateral series of reddish marks and white tubercles ; spiracular 
line broad, whitish ; somites 4 and II with dorsal prominences, the 
4th with tuft of black hair ; numerous long blackish, whitish, and 
yellowish hairs ; head black. Food-plants : Hawthorn, Oak, Birch, 
&c. 8-10. 

3688. Acronycta incretata, n. n. 

Acronyda incrnta, Butl. A. M. N. H. (5) i. p. 78 (1878) ; id. 111. Het. B. M. 
iii. p. 12, pi. 44. f. o (1879), nee Morr. 1874; Stand. Cat. Lep. pal. 
p. 132. 

cS . Head and thorax greyish suffused with purplish brown ; 2nd 
joint of palpi with black band ; frons black at sides ; antennae with 
the basal joint black behind ; shoulders and outer edges of patagia 
with black stripes ; tibiae with black stripes ; abdomen greyish 
dorsally suffused with brown. Fore wing greyish suffused with 
purplish brown ; subbasal line represented by double black striae 
from costa ; a black streak in submedian fold from base to just 
beyond antemedial line, giving off slight spurs above near base and 
below at middle and forking above and below on antemedial line, 
which is double, indistinct, oblique, waved ; orbicular and reniform 
defined by black, the former open above, oblique elliptical, with 
curved black streak from it extending into the reniform, which is 
constricted at middle and produced at upper and lower extremities ; 
an oblique black striga from middle ot' costa to reniform ; post- 
medial line black defined by pale brown on inner side, double at 
costa, bent outwards below costa, then waved, angled outwards at 
veins 4, 3, then incurved and excurved at vein 1, crossed by a fine 
streak in discal fold and stronger streak in submedian fold from well 
before it to termen, some slight pale marks beyond it on costa ; a 
series of slight black streaks from just before termen intersecting 
the cilia. Hind wing white, the veins and terminal area tinged 
with brown ; a terminal series of slight dark points ; the underside 
white, the costal area tinged and irrorated with brown, a black 
discoidal spot, waved postmedial line with blackish spot on costa, 
excurved to vein 4, then oblique, a terminal series of small dark 
lunules. 

5 . Hind wing wholly suffused with brown, an indistinct sinuous 
postmedial line. 

Bab. Japan, Yokohama (Jonas, Pri/er), 2 J , 4 $ type ; Corea, 
Gensan (Leech), 1 cJ ; W. China, Wa-ssu-kow, 1 $ . Exp. 45-54 
millira. 



110 NOCTUin.l-], 



3689. Acronycta cuspis. 

Acronycta cuspis, Hiibn. Noch. f. 504 (1818); Treit. Eur. Schmett. v. 1, 
p. 32 (1825); Dup. Lep. Fr., Siippl. hi. p. 150, pi. 15. f. 1 ; Frr. Neue 
Beitr. i. pi. 57 ; Boisd. Icones, pi. 71. f. 3; Caland, Tijd. v. Ent. xxxix. 
p. 163, pi. 8. f. 4 ; Staud. Cat. Lep. pal. p. 132. 

c? . Head and thorax white mixed with fuscous ; 2ad joint of palpi 
■with black band ; frons black at sides ; antennae with the basal joint 
black behind; shoulders and outer edges of patagiawith black streaks; 
patagia with black medial streaks ; tibiae streaked with black, the 
tarsi slightly ringed with black; abdomen white irrorated with black 
and dorsally tinged with brown at base. Fore wing bluish white 
irrorated with fuscous ; subbasal line represented by double black 
striae from costa ; a strong black streak in submedian fold from 
base to antemedial line, the basal half thicker ; antemedial line 
double, oblique, waved, bent inwards to inner margin ; orbicular 
defined by black, rather oblique elliptical, connected by a short 
black streak with the reniform, which is defined by black on inner 
side, ill-defined on outer ; an irregular oblique black bar from costa 
to reniform and slight oblique sinuous line from lower angle of cell 
to inner margin at antemedial line ; postmedial line black defined 
by white on inner side, double at costa, bent outwards below costa, 
vhen minutely waved, excnrved to vein 4, then incurved, crossed by 
a slight black streak in discal fold and strong streak in submedian 
iV ' i, the latter extending to near termen, the area beyond it very 
: -ightly darker to the hardly traceable waved whitish subterminal 
line ; a terminal series of black points with strong black streaks 
from them intersecting the white cilia. Hind wing white slightly 
tinned with brown at base, traces of a curved postmedial line ; a 
diff'used brownish subterminal band ; a terminal series of dark 
points with slight streaks from them intersecting the cilia; the 
underside white, the costal area irrorated with a few dark scales, a 
dark discoidal spot, a postmedial line waved and excurved to vein 5, 
then oblique, and terminal series of small dark lunules. 
5 . Hind Aving more suffused with brown. 

Ab, 1. Fore wing without the bluish tinge, suffused with pale 
brown. 

Ab. 2. Fore wing almost wholly suffused with black-brown. 

Ilah. France ; Germany, Zeller, Frey, and Leech Colls.; Austria, 
Leech Coll.; HuNGtARy ; Switzerland; Armenia; W. Turkestan, 
Issyk Kul; E. Turkestan, Hi; E. Siberia, Amurland, Ussuri. 
Exp. 40-45 millira. 

Larva. Kirby, Butt. & Moths Eur. p. 158; Hffm. Eaup. p. 75, pi. 21. 
f. 28. 

Resembles that of A. psi, but has a long thick tuft of black hair 
on 4th somite instead of the tubercle. Food-plant : Alder. 8-9. 



ACKOXrCTA. Ill 

3G90. Acronycta leucocuspis. 

Acronycta leucocuspis, Butl. A. M. N. H. (5) i. p. 78 (1878) ; id. 111. Het. 
B. M. iii. p. 12, pi. 44. f. 2. 

Head and thorax white mixed with fuscous ; 2nd joint of palpi 
with black band ; Irons black at sides ; antennae with the basal 
joint black behind at extremity ; shoulders and outer edges of 
patagiawith black stripes; tegulge with black medial stripes ; tibiae 
with black streaks, the tarsi banded black and white ; abdomen 
greyish tinged with brown and irrorated with black. Fore wing 
grey-white thickly irrorated with brown ; subbasal line repre- 
sented by double black striae from costa ; a black streak in sub- 
median fold from base to antemedial line, giving off slight spurs 
above near base and below at middle and forking above and below 
at antemedial line, which is double, oblique, irregularly waved, 
the lines rather widely separated towards costa : orbicular white 
defined by black, small, round, with black streak from it to 
reniform, which has a brown centre and whitish annulus defined by 
black on inner side, ill-defined on outer, produced at upper and 
lower extremities ; an oblique diffused blackish bar from costa to 
reniform and indistinct oblique sinuous line from lower angle of 
cell to inner margin at antemedial line ; postmedial line black 
defined by white on inner side, double at costa, bent outwards 
below costa, then minutely waved, slightly angled outwards at 
veins 4, 3, then incurved, crossed by a slight black streak in discal 
fold from well before it to subterminal line and a stronger 
streak in submedian fold extending to termeii, some white points 
beyond it on costa ; the terminal area with slight dark streaks on 
the veiijs ; subterminal line represented by a series of whitish 
lunules diffused towards termen ; a terminal series of small black 
spots ; cilia brown and white at base, white at t^ips and with 
slight dark line through them. Hind wing white, the veins 
brown ; an indistinct sinuous postmedial line ; the terminal area 
suffused with brown from apex to vein 2 ; a terminal series of 
slight dark striae ; cilia mixed with brown at base ; the underside 
with the costal area irrorated with black, a sliglit dark streak in cell, 
black discoidal spot, traces of a waved }iostniedial line and terminal 
series of small blackish lunules. 

Ab. 1. 2. Head, thorax, and fore wing browner; hind wing 
wholly suffused with brown. 

Hah. Japan, Oiwake {Prycr), 1 c? , Yokohama (Jonas, Pryer), 
3 S type, Fushiki (LeecJi), 1 $ ; Corea, Gensan (Leech), 2 J , 
1 2 ; Js^ China, 1 $ . E.vp. 40-46 millim. 



3691. Acronycta orientalis 

■lis, Mann, Wien. ent. Mon. 18f 
p. pal. p. 132. 

(S . Head and thorax white mixed with black-brown; palpi 



Acronycta orienfalis, Mann, Wien. ent. Mon. 1862, p, 370, pi. 3. f . 4 ; 
Stand. Cat. Lep. pal. p. 132. 



112 NOCrUIDiR. 

with the 2nd joint mostly black ; frons with blackish bar ; tarsi 
banded with black ; abdomen grey irroraled with fuscous and 
dorsally tinged with brown. Fore wing white thickly irrorated 
with black and tinged in parts with brown ; sabbasal line repre- 
sented bj^ slight black striae from costa and cell ; a rather diffused 
black streak in submedian fold from base to just beyond the ante- 
medial line giving off a slight spur below at middle ; antemedial 
line rather diffused and ill-defined, double, the two parts widely 
separated at costa, oblique, waved ; orbicular whitish defined by 
black and with slight dark centre, rather small, round with black 
streak from it to middle of reniform, which is incompletely defined 
by black and with some black on inner side of centre ; an oblique 
black bar from costa to reniform and indistinct oblique line from 
lower angle of cell to inner margin ; postraedial line double filled 
in with whiiish, the inner line indistinct except below vein 3, 
bent outwards below costa, then dentate, excurved to vein 4, then 
incurved and angled outwards at vein 1, some black points beyond 
it on costa, crossed by slight black streaks in discal and submedian 
folds from just before it to subterminal line and with slight brown 
suffusion beyond it especially in submedian interspace ; subterminal 
line represented by a series of slight diffused whitish lunules ; a 
terminal series of small triangular black spots with slight dark 
streaks from them intersecting the cilia, which have a slight brown 
line through them. Hind wing white, the veins of terminal area 
w ith slight dark streaks ; a terminal series of blackish points with 
slight dark streaks from them intersecting the cilia ; the underside 
with the costal area slightly irrorated with brown, a slight blackish 
discoidal spot. 

Hah. Asia. Minor, 1 S , Pontus, Bithynia, Lydia. E.vp. 40 
millim. 

Larva. Led. Ann. Soc. Ent. Beige, ix. p. 63, pi. 3. f. 7. 

Pearl-grey with black dorsal fascia and subdorsal white stripes ; 
hairs long, grey-white. Food-plant : Pear. 5. 

3692. Acronycta maxima. (Plate CXXV. fig. 21.) 

Tricena maxima, M.oore, P. Z. S. 1881, p. 333; Hmpsn. Moths Ind. ii. 
p. 240. 

Head and thorax grey mixed with dark iron-brown ; 2nd joint 
of palpi blackish at tips : frons black at sides ; basal joint of 
antennae black behind ; tegulae dark brown at base ; shoulders with 
black stripes with white streaks above them ; outer edges of patagia 
and base of upper edges with black streaks ; tibiae with slight black 
streaks, the tarsi black ringed with white ; abdomen dorsally silky 
brown, ventrally whitish. Fore wing grey suffused and irrorated 
with iron-brown ; subbasal line represented by diffused double 
dark striae from costa ; a sinuous black streak in submedian fold 
from base to just beyond antemedial line, giving off slight spurs 
below at middle, above at inner antemedial line and above and 



ACRONTCTA. 113 

below near estremit}' ; antemedial line double, dark, rather diffused, 
the two lines widely separated on costal half, oblique, waved, bent 
inwards to inner margin, the outer line angled outwards below 
costa and just below median nervure ; orbicular whitish defined by- 
black, more distinctly on outer aide, small, somewhat elongate 
elliptical ; reniform large, defined by black, with black lunule on 
inner edge of centre with diffused brown mark beyond it ; a 
diffused oblique brown striga from costa to reniform and traces of 
an oblique sinuous line from lower angle of cell to inner margin at 
antemedial line ; postmedial line double filled in with white, bent 
outwards below costa, then dentate, excurved to vein 4, then 
incurved, crossed by a short black streak in discal fold from just 
before it and a longer streak in submediHn fold from well before it, 
some brown suffusion beyond it and some white points on costa ; 
subterminal line absent ; a series of small black spots on termeu 
and base of cilia, which are white, and double spot at submedian 
fold. Hind wing whitish suffused with reddish brown, the terminal 
area darker ; a diffused brown postmedial line excurved to vein 4, 
then incurved and defined by whitish on outer side ; a series of 
small blackish spots on termeu and base of cilia which are white ; 
the underside white slightly irrorated with brown, a large black 
discoidal spot, crenulate postmedial line excurved to vein 4, then 
oblique, traces of a diffused subterminal band and terminal series 
of points. 

Hab. Punjab, Murree {Powell, Harford), 2 cJ , 3 $ , type ; Assam, 
Khasis ; Bdema, Rangoon. Exp. S 64, $ 72 millim. 



3693. Acronycta iria. (Plate CXXV. fig. 22.) 

Acronycta iria, Swinh. A. M. N. H. (7) iii. p. 113 (1899). 

S . Head and thorax; grey suffused with pale red-brown ; palpi 
white, the 2nd joint with black band ; antennje with the basal 
joint black behind at tips ; shoulders with black streaks ; tibiae 
streaked with black ; abdomen whitish dorsally tinged with brown. 
Fore wing whitish suffused and irrorated with pale red-brown • 
subbasal line represented by double oblique dark striae from costa ; 
a sinuous black streak in submedian fold from base to antemedial 
line where it forks, giving off a slight spur below at middle ; ante- 
medial line indistinct, double, the lines very widely separated on 
costal half, oblique, waved, angled inwards on vein 1 and excurved 
above inner margin, the outer line angled outwards below costa ; 
orbicular and reniform defined by fuscous, the former whitish with 
slight rufous centre, rather oblique elliptical, with a black streak 
from it extending into the reniform which has a rufous centre : a 
diffused oblique fuscous line from costa to reniform and traces of 
an oblique sinuous line from lower angle of cell to inner margin 
at antemedial line ; postmedial line double, black filled in with 
white, the inner line incomplete, bent outwards below costa, then 

VOL. VIII. T 



114 NOCTtriD.E, 

dentate, stronglj' incurved below vein 4, crossed by a black streak 
in submedian fold from well before it to termen towards which it 
expands, some whitish points beyond it on costa ; the veins of 
terminal area with slight dark streaks • faint traces of a minutely 
waved whitish subterrainal line with slight dark streaks in the 
interspaces from it to the series of small black spots on termen 
and base of cilia, which are white with a slight black line through 
them. Hind wing white, the veins tinged with brown, the 
terminal area slightly suffused with brown from apex to submedian 
fold and with a terminal series of slight dark lunules ; the under- 
side with the costal area slightly irrorated with brown, a black 
discoidal spot, faint traces of postmedial line with blackish spot 
in submedian fold, and terminal series of slight dark lunules. 

5 . Hind wing with indistinct sinuous postmedial line and the 
terminal area more suffused with fuscous. 

Hah. Punjab, Kulu, Sultanpur {G. Young), 2 J' , 1 5 type. 
Exp. 50-54 millim. 

3694. Acronycta hercules. 

Acronycta hercules, Feld. Eeis. Nov. pi. 109. f. 2 (1874) ; Staucl. Cat. Lep. 

pal. p. 131. 
Acrmiycta ebngata, Oberth. tt. Ent. x. p. 20, pi. 2. f. 3 (1884). 

(5 . Head and thorax grey mixed with fuscous brown ; 2nd joint 

of palpi and frons with black patches at sides ; shoulders with 

black spots ; tegulae dark at tips ; patagia with dark upper edges ; 

pectus tinged with rufous at sides, the tibiae with blackish streaks ; 

abdomen grey-white irrorated with fuscous and tinged with 

ochreous at base and on ventral surface. Fore wing grey-white 

thickly irrorated with fuscous brown ; subbasal line represented by 

double oblique striae from costa ; a slight dark streak below base 

of cell ; antemedial line double, oblique, dentate, the lines widely 

separated, the outer line angled outwards below costa, the inner 

line inwards below cell, angled inwards on vein 1 and bent inwards 

to inner margin ; orbicular and reniform large, incom])letely defined 

by fuscous, the former rounded and with short black streak from 

it to the latter which has its centre tinged Avith rufous ; an 

indistinct irregular medial line, oblique from costa to lower angle 

of cell, angled inwards in submedian fold and bent outwards to 

inner margin ; postmedial line double filled in with whitish, 

strongly bent outwards below costa, then strongly dentate, excurved 

to vein 4, then incurved, with dentate black mark before it in 

submedian fold and whitish points with black streaks between them 

beyond it on costa ; subterminal line represented by a series of 

faint whitish lunules in the interspaces ; a series of black points 

on termen and base of cilia. Hind wing white, the basal area 

suffused with reddish brown, the veins brown ; some brown sufJusion 

on terminal area from apex to below vein 2 ; a series of fuscous 

points on termen and base of cilia from apex to vein 2 ; the 

underside white, the basal area faintly tinged with ochreous, the 



ACRONYCTA. 115 

costal and inner areas with slight dark irroration, a black discoidal 
lunula, small postmedial spots on costa and in submedian fold, and 
terminal series of points. 

2 . Hind wing more suffused with brown. 

Hub. E. SrBKKiA, Amurlaud, 1 $ , Ussuri ; J AVAi>i,Tokio (Maries), 
2 J , Oiwake (Pn/er), 1 J , Yokohama {Jonas, Fri/er), 4 c? , 2 J ; 
China, Foo-chow (de la Touche), 1 5 . Exp. 60-66 millim, 

3695. Acronycta rubiginosa. 

Acronycta rubiginosa, Wlk. Journ. Linn. Soc, Zool. vi. p. 178 (1862) ; 

Swinh. Cat. Het. Mus. Oxon. ii. p. 30. 
Trmna denticulata, Moore, P. Z. S. 1888, p. 408 ; Butl. 111. Het. B. M. 

vii. p. 45, pi. 125. f. 8 : Hmpsn. Moths lud. ii. p. 242. 

Head and thorax grey mixed with brown and black ; palpi with 
black spot on 2nd joint near extremity ; Irons with lateral black 
bars ; patagia with black streaks on outer edge ; tarsi banded with 
black ; abdomen whitish suffused and irrorated with brown. 
Fore wing grey almost wholly suffused with brown and irrorated 
with black, the terminal area paler ; a diffused black fascia in 
submedian fold from base to termeu ; subbasal line represented by 
double oblique black striae from costa and single striga from cell ; 
antemedial line hardly traceable, double, oblique, waved, with 
double blackish points on costa, vein 1 and inner margin ; orbicular 
and reniform incompletely defined by black, the former whitish, 
oblique elliptical, the latter very indistinctly defined ; a very 
oblique medial dark shade from costa to lower angle of cell ; post- 
medial line double filled in with whitish in parts, bent outwards 
below costa, then dentate, incurved below vein 3 and angled 
outwards on vein 1 ; some whitish points with slight blackish 
marks between them beyond it on costa and a brown shade from 
it to termen at middle ; small dentate subterminal blackish murks 
in the interspaces from below costa to vein 4 ; a terminal series of 
small triangular black spots with dark streaks from them intersecting 
the cilia. Hind wing white ; the veins tinged with brown ; a 
series of small blackish terminal spots with blackish marks beyond 
them on the cilia, which are mixed with brown ; the underside with 
the costal area slightly irrorated with brown, a brownish patch 
on middle of costa, slight discoidal spot and traces of a postmedial line 
with blackish spot on costa, waved to vein 4, then oblique. 

Hah. Kashmir, Scinde Valley {Leech), 1 $ ; Punjab, Simla 
{Harford), 1 S -, Dharmsala {Hocking), 2 j, 2 § type denticulata ; 
iJoRNEo, Sarawak {Wallace), typef in Mus. Oxon. Exp. 42- 
44 millim. 

3696. Acronycta taurica. (Plate CXXV. fig. 23.) 

Acronicta taurica, Staud. Cat. Lep. pal. 132 (1901). 

2 . Head and thorax grej-white mixed with fuscous brown ; 
2nd joint of palpi with black baud ; frons black at sides : antennae 



116 NOCTtJID.Ti. 

with the basal joint black behind ; shoulders and outer fidges of 
patagia streaked with black ; tibiae slightlj" streaked with black, 
the tarsi banded with black ; abdomen grey dorsally suffused with 
brown, the btisal crest mixed with black. Fore wing blue-grey 
thickly irrorated with black-brown ; subbasal line represented by 
double black striae from costa ; a sinuous black streak in submedian 
fold from base to beyond antemedial line emitting a slight spur on 
lower side at middle and spurs above and below at the antemedial 
line, which is double, oblique, waved, bent inwards to inner margin ; 
orbicular and reniform defined by black, well separated, the former 
round, the latter with oblique black striga in lower part and the 
black on outer edge broken up into points ; an oblique black bar 
from costa to reniform ; postmedial line double filled in with 
white, the inner line indistinct, bent outwards below costa, then 
dentate, excurved to vein 4, then incurved, crossed by black streaks 
in discal and submedian folds from well before it to before termen 
with slight fuscous suffusion beyond it and some white points with 
black striae between them on costa ; a terminal series of black 
points with fnscous streaks from them intersecting the cilia, which 
are white with a slight dark line near base. Hind wing white 
tinged with brown, the veins brown, the terminal area suffused 
with brown ; a curved postmedial line with minute dark streaks on 
the veins ; a terminal series of black points with slight dark 
streaks from them intersecting the cilia, which are white; the 
underside white, the costal area irrorated with black, a small black 
discoidal spot, curved postmedial series of minute black streaks on 
the veins, and terminal series of black points. 

Hah. Asia Minor, Taurus Mts., Hadjin, Zeitun ; Syria, Lebanon, 
1 $ , Leech Coll. Exp. 56 millim. 



3697. Acronycta aceris. 

lochia aceris, Linn. Syst. Nat. ed. x. p. 514 (1758); Esp. Schmett. iv. 

pi. 114. ff. 4-7 & pi. 1 17 A. ff. 3, 4 ; Donov. Nat. Hist. Eng., Ins. x. p. 15. 

pi. 330 ; Hiibn. Eur. Schmett., Noct. ff. 13, 14 ; Dup. Lep. Fr. vi. p. 253, 

pi. 88. r. 5 ; Steph. 111. Brit. Ent., Haust. iii. p. 36 ; Stand. Cat. Lep. pal. 

p. 131. 
JSocUia candelisqua, Esp. Sclircett. iv. pi. 191. f. 1 (1790). 
Noctua infuscata. Haw. Lep. Brit. p. 177 (1809). 
Acronycta paradoxa, Boisd. Ind. Metli, p. 60 (1829). 
Acronicta judcea, Stand. Cat. Lep. pal. p. 131 (1901). 

S . Head and thorax white mixed with black-brown ; 2ud joint 
of palpi with black band ; shoulders with black streaks ; tibiae 
streaked with black, the tarsi banded with black ; abdomen grej'- 
white slightly irrorated with fuscous. Lore wing grey-white irrorated 
with fuscous brown ; subbasal line represented by double black 
striae from costa ; a sinuous black streak in submedian fold from 
base to antemedial line giving off slight spurs beloAV at middle and 
above and below at antemedial line, which is double, oblique, waved, 
angled outwards below costa and inwards on the veins and to inner 



ACEONYCTA. 117 

margin ; orbicular and reuiform defined by black, the former 
small, oblique elliptical, the latter with oblique black striga in 
centre ; a diffused oblique blackish bar trom costa to reniform and 
a slight line from lower angle of cell, incurved to vein 1 where it is 
angled outwards, then inwards above inner margin ; postmedial 
line double filled in with whitish, bent outwards below costa, then 
dentate, escurved to vein 3, then incurved aud angled outwards on 
vein 1, crossed by a slight black streak in submedian fold from 
medial to subterminal line, the veins beyond it with slight dark 
streaks, some white points on costa ; a series of small black spots 
on termen and base of cilia, which have a slight dark line through 
them. Hind wing pure white, with postmedial series of minute 
dark streaks on the veins and fine terminal line ; the underside with 
the costal area slighfciy irrorated with brown, a small blackish 
discoidal spot, curved postmedial series of minute black streaks on 
the veins, and terminal series of striae. 

2 . Hind wing with the veins strongly streaked with black. 

Ab. 1. candelisqua. Head, thorax, and fore wing suffused with 
brown ; abdomen and terminal area of hind wing tinged with 
brown. 

Ah. 2. jiidcea. Paler; fore wing greyish white. — Palestine. 

Hab. iJpaxAiN, Leech Coll. ; Fkanck, Sand Coll. ; Gkkmany, Zeller 
and Leech Colls. ; Austria ; Hungary ; Switzerland, Frey Coll. ; 
Spain ; Ltaly ; Greece ; Norway, Frey Coll. ; Eussia, Lithonia, 
Zeller Coll. ; Armenia ; Asia Minor, Pontus, Bithynia ; Palestine ; 
W. Turkestan, Turcomania, Issyk Kul ; E. Turkestan, Hi, 
Kashgar. Kvp. 40-48 mi Him. 

Larva. Meyr, Brit. Lep. p. 142; Barrett, Lep. Brit. iii. p. 231. pi. 120. 
f. 2. 

Yellow clothed with long yellow hair, the 4th, 6th, 7th, and 
8th somites with dorsal tufts of red hair ; a dorsal series of black- 
edged white diamond-shaped marks ; warts brown ; stigmata black ; 
head yellow marked with black. Food-plants : Horse-chestnut, 
Sycamore, Oak, &c. 7-9. 

3698. Acronycta major. 

Acronycta major, Brem. Lep. Ost-Sib. p. 48, pi. 5. f. 7 (1868) ; Oberth. Et. 

Ent. V. p. 69, pi. 7. f. 5 ; Staud. Cat. Lep. pal. p. liil . 
Tri(Bna anmdina, Butl. Trans. Ent. Soc. 1881, p. 19. 

Head and thorax grey-white slightly mixed with brown ; 2nd 
joint of palpi with black band; frons black at sides; basal joint 
of antennae black behind ; shoulders and outer edges of patagia 
with black stripes ; tibiae streaked with black : abdomen grey- 
white, the extremity irrorated with fuscous, the ventral surface 
white. Fore wing grey-white thickly irrorated with pale brown ; 
siibbasal line represented by an oblique black striga from costa : 
a sinuous black streak in submedian fold from base to outer ante- 
medial line, giving off slight spurs above and below at antemedial 
line, the line very indistinct, double, oblique, waved, the two lines 



118 NOCXUIDJE. 

widely separated towards costa and with black striae at cnsta ; 
orbicular whitish defined on inner and outer sides by a few black 
scales, small, rather oblique elliptical ; reniform with black striga 
on inner edge with minute oblique black streak from it, otherwise 
hardly traceable ; an indistinct diffused oblique dark striga from 
costa to reniform ; post medial line blackish defined by white on 
inner side, double at costa, just below discal fold and above sub- 
median fold, bent outwards below costa, angled outwards at vein 7, 
then minutely dentate, excurved to vein 3, then incurved and 
angled outwards on vein 1, crossed by black streaks at discal and 
submedian folds not nearly reaching termen and with white points 
beyond it on costa ; a series of small black spots on termen and 
base of cilia, which are white. Hind wing white, the basal area 
clothed with pale reddish-brown hair, the veins streaked with 
brown and the terminal area sufllused with brown ; a brownish 
postmedial line, excurved to vein 4 then incurved ; cilia white ; 
the underside white, the veins tinged with brown, a black discoidal 
spot, indistinct crenulate postmedial line with brownish spot at 
costa, excurved to vein 4, then oblique, and terminal series of slight 
dark points. — E. Siberia ; Japan, Yezo. 

Ab. 1. ancedina. Somewhat darker especially the hind wing. — - 
Japan, Hondo ; W. China. 

Ab. 2. Fore wing with the basal and postmedial black streaks 
more or less obsolescent. — C. & W. China. 

Bah. E, SiBEKiA, Amurland, Ussuri ; Japan, Yezo, Hakodate 
{Andrews), 1 6, Tokio {Maries), 1 $ tApe ariadiva, Yokohama 
{Mardey, Pryer), 2 J ; C. China, Hai-ning {J. J. WatJcer), 1 5 , 
Ichang {Bobson), 4 c? ; W. Cbjna, Chang-yang {Pratt), 1 c? , 1 $ , 
Omeishan, 1 $ , Chia-kou-ho {Pratt), 1 c? , Ta-chien-lu {Pratt), 1 J . 
Pxj). 62-72 millim. 

3699. Acronycta eldora. (Plate CXXV. fig. 24.) 

Acronycta eldora, Smith, J. N.Y. Ent. Soc. xiii. p. 189 (1905). 

5 . Head and thorax grey-white mix( d with fuscous brown and 
blackish ; sides of palpi and frons with bhickis-h patches ; shoulders 
with black streaks; tegulse with dark tips towards middle and 
patagia with dark upper edges ; abdomen grey-white mixed with 
dark brown and black. Eore -ning grey-M hite sufi'used and irrorated 
with brown ; a small black spot at base and traces of a black streak 
in submediau fold ; subbasal line rejiresented by an oblique black 
striga from costa ; antemedial line rather indistinct, double, oblique, 
angled outwards below cof-ta and just below median nervure and 
strongly above inner margin, angled inwards in submedian fold 
and on vein 1 ; orbicular and reniform defined by blackish, the 
former small, irregularly rounded, the latter with blackish centre, 
an oblique dark shade above it from costa aud traces of an oblique 
sihuous line from lower auiile of cell to inner margin ; postmedial 
line double filled in with white, the outer line black, bent outwards 



ACEONYCTA. 119 

below costa, then strongly dentate, excurved to vein 4, then 
incurved ; crossed by a strong black streak in submedian fold 
extending to termen and with a slight streak before and beyond it 
in discal fold not extending to termea, some slight whitish streaks 
beyond it on costa ; the veins of terminal area with slight dark 
streaks; subterminal line absent; a series of blackish points on 
termen and cilia. Hind wing greyish, suffused with fuscous, the 
veins darker ; the underside white slightly irrorated with brown, 
the veins brownish, a blackish discoidal spot and curved minutely 
waved postmedial line. 

Hub, U.S.A., Colorado, Denver, 2 $ , cotype. Exp. 62-6-1 
millim. 



3700. Acronycta tritona. (Plate CXXV. fig. 25.) 

Trlcena tritona, Hubn. Ziitr. p. •-!, fF. 107, 108 (1818) ; Sniiih & Dvar, Pr. 
U.S. Nut. Mus. xxi. ID. 104, pi. ii. f. 9; Smith, Cat. Noct. IST. Am. 
p. 37. 

Head and thorax violaceous grey tinged with brown ; palpi wliite 
at ba.se and with black band on 2nd joint; antennae with the basal 
joint white in front, black behind ; tibige streaked with black ; 
abdomen whitish, dorsally suffused with reddish brown. Fore wing 
violaceous grey tinged with reddish brown ; suhbasal line represented 
by a slight dark striga from costa ; a sinuous black streak in sub- 
median fold from base to just beyond the antemedial line giving off 
slight spurs below at middle and above at inner antemedial line ; 
the line very indistinctly double, oblique, sinuous, almost obsolete 
on inner area ; orbicular incompletely defined by blackish, small, 
round ; reniform defined by a blackish lunule on inner side, very 
indistinct on outer, constricted at middle and with its upper 
extremity produced ; a very oblique diffused dark bar from costa to 
reniform ; postmedial line black defined by grey on inner side, bent 
outwards below costa, then minutely waved, slightly angled in- 
wards in discal fold and outwards on veins 4, 3, strongly angled 
inwards in submedian fold, then excurved again, a strong black 
streak from it to termen in submedian fold; subterminal line 
absent ; the interspaces of terminal area with very slight dark 
streaks ; a series of small blackish spots on termen and cilia. Hind 
wing whitish tinged with ochreous brown, the termen rather 
darker ; cilia with a fine whitish line at base ; the underside white, 
the costal area slightly tinged with ochreous. 

Hah. Canada; U.S.A.., New York, Center {Bailey), 2 c? , 2 J , 
AlhdLWj {Bailey), 1 5 , Mississippi, Florida (Boubleday), 1 5 , Minne- 
sota, Oregon, Portland, Colorado, Pacific Coast. Exp. 40 millim. 

Larva. Smith & Dyar, Pr. U. S. Nat. Mu9. xxi. p. 105. 

Head brown, dotted with black. Body green; a brown dorsal 
band, divided on joint 3, broken on joint 6, enclosing a green space 
on joints 7 to 10 ; hairs short, fine, sparse, several from each 
tubercle. Food-plant : Vaccinium. — H. G. D. 



120 NOCTUlDiE. 

3701. Acronycta falcula. (Plate CXXV. fig. 26.) 

Apatela fcdcula, Grote, Can. Ent. ix. p. 86 (1877); fmith & Dvar, Pr. 
U.S. Nat. Mus. zxi. p. 109, pi. xii. f. 8; Smith, Cat. Noct. N. Am. 
p. 38. 

Head and thorax violaceous grey tinged with brown ; palpi 
white at base and with black band on 2iid joint ; frons black at 
sides; antennae with the 1st joint white in front ; shoulders with 
black stripes ; patagia on outer side and metathorax edged with 
rufous ; tibiae with slight black streaks; abdomen white thickly 
irrorated with greyish fuscous leaving white segmental lines. Eore 
wing purplish grey suft'used with brown ; subbasal line represented 
by a black striga from costa ; a strong black streak in subraedian 
fold from base to just beyond antemedial line defined by white 
above, giving off spurs below at middle and above and below at 
antemedial line, which is represented by a black bar in cell, other- 
wise almost obsolete, oblique, sinuous ; orbicular and reniform 
large, defined by black, the former rather diamond-shaped, open 
above, the latter open above and below ; a rather diffused medial 
black striga from costa ; postmedial line black slightly defined by 
white on inner side, more strongly in submedian interspace, 
strongly bent outwards below costa, then sinuous, angled outwards 
at veins 4, 3, then incurved and argled outwards on vein 1, some 
white points beyond it on costa and a strong black streak from it 
to termen in submedian fold ; traces of a whitish siibterminal line 
slightly excurved below vein 7 and at middle, the interspaces 
beyond it with slight dark streaks to the terminal series of points ; 
cilia white mixed with fuscous at tips. Hind wing of male white, 
the apical area tinged with brown, of femtile ochieous white, the 
terminal area suflPused with fuscous ; the underside white slightly 
irrorated with brown, a small discoidal spot, postmedial series of 
minute dark streaks on the veins, incurved below vein 4, and 
terminal series of black striae. 

Hah. Canada, Manitoba, Cartwright (Heath), 1 5 , Winnipeg, 
Aweme (Griddle), 1 S ; U.S.A., New York, Illinois (Bean), 1 § 
type, Minnesota. Exp. 42 milHm. 

Larva. Smith & Dyar, Pr. U. S. Nat. Mus. xxi. p. 110. 

Dark brown mottled with greenish, the ventral surface greenish 
white; a darker dorsal line; warts small with one or two hairs, 
i. and ii. on somite 12 larger ; head brownish in front, greenish at 
sides. Food-plant : Hazel. 

3702. Acronycta elizabeta. (Plate CXXV. fig. 27.) 

Acronycta elizaheta, Smith, Trans. Am. Ent. See. xxxiii. p. 125 (1907). 

Head and thorax whitish tinged with brown especially on vertex 
of head ; palpi dark brown, white on outer side at base and at base 
of 3rd joint ; antennae whitish at base in front ; tegulas with brown 
line at base and dorsal streak; tibiae streaked with dark brown, 



ACRONYCTA. 121 

the tarsi dark brown ringed with white ; abdomen daik brown. 
Fore wing grey tinged and irrorated with brown ; subbasal line 
represented by double oblique striae from costa and single striga 
from cell; a strong black-brown streak from base below the cell 
defined by whi'e above, slightly forked at middle below and forked 
at antemedial line, which is double, angled outwards below costa, 
then oblique and slightly sinuous ; orbicular small, round, hardly 
defined except on outer side; reniforra an indistinctly defined 
narrow lunule with oblique black striga on lower inner edge ; 
medial line oblique from costa to reniform, indistinct and sinuous 
from lower angle of cell to inner margin ; postmedial line brown 
defined by whitish on inner side, double at costa, bent outwards 
below costa, then minutely waved, excurved to vein 4. slightly 
angled at veins 4, 8, then incurved and angled outwards at vein 1, 
some white points beyond it on costa, with a slight black streak 
from it to subterminal line in discal fold and stronger streak from 
just before it to termen in submedian fold : subterminal line 
represented by a series of whitish lunules slightly incur\ed at discal 
fold and more strongly below vein 3 ; cilia whitish intersected by 
slight dark streaks from just before termen and with dark line 
through them. Hind wing whitish suffused with brown ; cilia' 
white with slight dark line through them and some dark points at 
tips ; the underside whitish tinged with brown, a discoidal spot, 
indistinct curved postmedial line, and terminal series of points and 
strise. 

Hah. U.S.A., jSTew Jersey, Elizabeth, cotyi)e t $ in Coll. J. E. 
Smith, llhode I., 1 J . Exy. 6 42, $ 44 millim. 



3703. Acronycta revellata. (Plate CXXV. fig. 28.) 

Acronycta revellata, Smith, Ent. News Philad. viii. p. 150 (1897); Smith 
& Dyar, Pr. U.S. Nat. Mas. xxi. p. 112; Uyar, Cat. Lep. N. Am. 
p. 102. 

c? . Head and thorax grey-white mixed with black ; palpi white 
at base and with black band on 2nd joint; frons whitish at middle ; 
shoulders v\ ith blackish streaks ; tibial slightly streaked with black, 
the tarsi banded with black ; abdomen grey-white dorsally suffused 
with brown. Pore wing grey-white suffused with brown and 
irrorated wdth fuscous ; subbasal line represented by a diffused 
black striga from costa ; a black streak defined by whitish above 
below submedian fold from base to just beyocd antemedial line, 
which is hardly traceable, double, very oblique; orbicular and reni- 
form whitish defined by black and with brownish centres, the 
former round, the latter produced at upper and lower extremities, 
some slight dark suffusion between them extending to costa ; post- 
medial line blackish slightly defined by whitish on inner side, bent 
outwards below costa, slightly incurved at discal fold, angled out- 
wards at veins 4, 3, then strongly incurved, a strong black streak 
in submedian fold from well before it to termen and some white 



122 NocTuiDJi:. 

points beyond it on costa ; traces of a diffused whitish subterminal 
line excurved below vein 7 and at middle ; a terminal series of 
small black spots with dark streaks from them intersecting the 
cilia, which are whitish with a dark line through them. Hind wing 
pure white, the veins faintly tinged with brown ; the underside 
with the costal area slightly irrorated wilh brown, a slight 
discoidal point and traces of a curved postmedial line from costa to 
vein 2. 

2 . Hind wing with the terminal area slightly tinged with 
brown. 

Hab. U.S.A., Washington, Colorado, Glen wood Springs (5a7'nes), 
1 6,2 2, Salida. Exp. 42-44 millim. 

Larva. Head heavily mottled with bla(k, the vertices of the 
lobes red. Body green, a purple-brown dorsal stripe, broken in 
the incisures, widened on joints 2 and 5 and on 7 to 11, the latter 
containing a green patch ; some brown spots on the sides ; hairs 
line, sparse. Food-plants: Eirch, &c. — H. G. D. 

3704. Acronycta grisea. (Plate CXXV. fig. 29.) 

Acronycta grisea, Wlk. ix. 56 (1856) ; Smith & Dyar, Pr. U.S. Nat. Mus. 

xxi. p. lis, pi. iii. f. 4 ; Smith, Cat. Noc-t. N. Am. p. 37. 
Acronycta pudorata, Morr. Ana. Lye. Nat. Hist. N.Y. xi. p. 93 (1876). 

Head and thorax violaceous grey suffused with brown ; palpi 
white at base and with black baud on 2nd joint ; shoulders and 
outer edges of patagia with black streaks ; abdomen white dorsally 
suff'used and irrorated with brown. Eore wing violaceous grey 
suff'used with brown and slightly irrorated wdth fuscous ; subbasal 
line represented by double dark striae from costa ; a sinuous black 
streak in submedian fold from base to just beyond ante'medial line, 
which is double, indistinct except at costa, and the inner line black 
from costa to submedian fold, oblique, slightly sinuous ; orbicular 
and reniform somewhat pale defined by black, the former round ; 
traces of a medial line very oblique from costa to reniform and in- 
curved below the cell ; postmedial line black defined by whitish on 
inner side, prominently in submedian interspace, bent outwards 
below costa, then dentate, strongly incurved below vein 3 and bent 
outwards to inner margin, a black streak in submedian fold from 
well before it to tormen, some white points beyond it on costa; a 
faint diffused whitish subterminal line excurved below vein 7 and 
at middle ; a terminal series of dark striae ; cilia white with a slight 
dark line near base and series of points at tips. Hind wing white ; 
the veins slightly tinged with brown and the terminal area slightly 
irrorated with brown from apex to vein 3 ; the underside with the 
costal area slightly irrorated with brown, a small black discoidal 
spot, traces of a waved postmedial line with brownish spot at costa, 
excurved to vein 4, then incurved, and terminal series of slight 
lunules. 

Eah. Caiv^ada, Hudson's Bay (Barmton), 1 c? , 1 $ type, Ottawa 
(Fletcher), 1 J, Manitoba, Aweme {Griddle), 1 c? , Cartwright 



ACEOXYCTA. 123 

{Heath), 2 J , 1 $ , Alberta, Calgary ( Wolley-Dod\ 2 J , 2 $ ; 
U.S.A., New York, 1 $ , Georgia, Mississippi, Missouri. Exp. 34- 
42 millim. 

Larva. Smith & Dyar, Pr. U. S. Nat. Mus. xxi. p. 114. 

Head heavily mottled with black, the vertices of the lobes red ; 
body green ; a purple-brown dorsal stripe, broken at the incisui'es, 
widened on joints 2 and 5 and 7 to 1 1, the latter containiug a green 
patch ; sorae brown spots on the side ; hairs fine, sparse. Food- 
plants : Birch, &c. — H. G. D. 

3705. Acronycta alni. 

Noctna alni, Linn. Syst. Nat. ed. xii. p. 845 (1767); Esp. Schmett. iv. 

pi. 1 16, ff. 4-U ; Donov. Brit. Ins. x. p. 8, pi. 327. f. 2 ; Walcli, 

Natiirf. xii. p. 58, pi. 1. ff. 14-16 ; Capieur, Naturt'. xiv. p. 91, pi. 4. f. 11 • 

Fuessly, Ent. Mag. ii. p. 43, pi. 1. f}. 5-8 ; Hubn. Eur. fcJchuiett., Noct! 

f. 3; Klip. Lep. Fr. vi. p. 23;j, pi. 87. f. 5; Steph. 111. Brit. Ent., Haiist. 

iii. p. 38; Frr. Beitr. pi. Ki ; Staud. Cat. Lep. pal. p. 132. 
I^'octua degener, Scinff. Wien. Verz. p. 70 (1776). 
Acronycta steinerti. Caspari, Soc. Ent. xiii. p. 3 (1898); id. Jalirb. Nass. 

Hi. p. 178, pi. 4. ff". 8, 9 ; Steinert, Iris, xi. p. 399, & xii. pi. 2. f. 5. 
Acronycta carola, Philipps, Soc. Ent. xiii. p. 50 (1898) ; Ca&pari, Jahrb 

Nass. Iii. p. 181, pi. 4. fi'. 5-7. 

Head and thorax white mixed with some black hairs ; 2nd joint 
of palpi with black band; Irons black at sides; artennse black; 
tegular with slight dorsal black streak ; shoulders and outer edges 
of patagia with black streaks ; tibiae streaked with black, the tarsi 
black ringed with white ; abdomen white mixed with fuscous, the 
basal crest with black. Pore wing whitish suffused with brown, 
the inner area below the cell and vein 3 suffused with black leaving 
some white at base of inner margin and tornus ; subbasal line 
repi esented by a blackish striga from costa ; antemedial line double 
filled in with whitish, slightly angled outwards below costa, 
interrupted by black in submedian fold and excurved above inner 
margin ; orbicular whitish defined by black, rather elongate 
elliptical and with brown streak in centre, a broad diffused black 
band beyond it from costa to the black inner area obscuring the 
inner part of reniform, which is defined by black, its outer part 
brownish and its upper and lower extremities produced ; postmedial 
line black defined by white on inner side on the pale area and by 
brownish on the black area, bent outwards below costa, then 
minutely waved, angled outwards at veins 4, 3, then strongly 
incurved and anf>led outwards on vein 1, crossed by a strong black 
streak in submedian fold from well before it to termen and with 
slight black streak from just before it to termen in discal fold, 
some white points beyond it on costa ; a white subtermiiial line 
angled outwards at vein 7 and excurved at middle ; a terminal 
series of black striae; cilia chequered brownish white and black. 
Hind wing white ; a slight discoidal spot ; a postmedial series of 
minute black streaks on the veins ; the veins of terminal area 
towards apex and the termen from apex to vein 3 irrorated with 



124 NOCXUID^. 

brown ; cilia white tinged with brown at apex and intersected with 
black from apex to submedian fold ; the underside with black 
discoidal spot, brownish marks at middle of costa and postmedial 
line which is rather diffused to vein 6, then represented by short 
black streaks on the veins, a terminal series of black striae. 

Ab. 1. steinerti. Fore wing much more suffused with brown. 

Hah. RritaijST, Leech Coll. ; France, Sand Coll. ; Germany, 
Zeller, Frey and Leech Colls. ; Austria, Leech Coll. ; Hungary ; 
Switzerland ; Italy ; Scandinavia ; Kussia, Finland, Livonia, 
Zeller Coll., St. Petersburg ; Armenia ; E. Siberia, Amurland, 
Ussuri ; Japan, Yesso (Prt/er), 1 c? . Exp. 34—44 millim. 

Larva. Meyr. Lep. Brit. p. 140 ; Barrett, Brit. Lep. iii. p. 238, pi. 121, f. 1. 

Black : a series of transverse yellow bands ; 1st somite with four 
long black hairs with broadly spatulate tip-^, the 4th-9th and 11th 
and 12th somites each with two hairs ; head black, when young 
whitish suffused with slate-grey on somites 4-9, somites 4-8 with 
slight dorsal prominences ; resting with the head bent round against 
8th somite and closely resembling a patch of birds' excrement ; when 
adult the larva can emit a strong odour like carburetted hydrogen. 
Food-plants : Alder, Birch, Beech, Conius, &c. 7-9. 

3706. Acronycta funeralis. (Plate CXXV. fig. 30.) 

Acronycta funeralis, Grote & Rob. Proc. Ent. Soc. Pbilad. vi. p. 17, pi. 3. 
f. 8 (186rt) ; Smith & Dyar, Pr. U.S. Nat. Mus. xxi. p. 102, pi. iii. L 7 ; 
Smith, Cat. Noct. N. kin. p. 43. 

(5 . Head and thorax white slightly mixed with black-brown ; 
2nd joint of palpi with black band ; sides of frons black ; antennae 
brown, the basal joint black behind ; shoulders and outer edges of 
patagia with black stripes ; tibiae striped with black, the tarsi 
banded black and white ; abdomen white mixed with fuscous, the 
dorsal crest blackish. Fore wing white more or less irrorated with 
fuscous, the terminal area tinged with grey-gi'een, the inner area 
black extending to cell at base, leaving some white on base of inner 
margin and narrowing to a point at tornus ; subbasal line repre-' 
sented by an oblique wedge-shaped black spol from costa, the ante- 
medial line by a wedge-shaped spot from costa, bar from cell and 
indistinct double line filled in with greyish angled outwards above 
inner margin ; orbicular and reniforra slightly defined by fuscous, 
the former large, round, more distinctly defined by black on outer 
side, the latter on inner side, a diffused black patch from middle of 
costa extending to between their upper parts ; postmedial line fine, 
blackish defined by white on inner side, bent outwards below costa, 
then waved, strongly incurved below vein 4 and anglt-d outwards 
on vein 1, crossed by a strong black streak in submedian fold from 
just before it to termen with blackish suffusion above and below it 
just beyond postmedial line, the costa beyond it with alternating 
black and white spots ; a whitish subterminal line excurved below 
vein 7 and at middle, angled inwards at discal fold and incurved 
below vein 3 ; cilia chequered black and white. Hind wing white, 



ACROXYCTA. 125 

the veins of terminal area slightly streaked with fnscous, the apex 
tinged with brown ; a terminal series of black striae from apex to 
submedian fold ; cilia white intersected with black-brown ; the 
underside with the costal area tinged with brown in parts, a blackish 
discoidal spot, excurved postmedial line from costa to vein 7, and 
series of short streaks on the veins. 

2 . Hind wing with the terminal area suffused with fuscous and 
the postmedial line more distinct. 

Bab. CajS-ada ; U.S.A., New Hampshire, Jefferson, New York, 
Keene Yalle)-, Long I., Pennsylvania, Mt. Airy, Pittsbuig, 
Kentucky, 1 J, Mississippi, Missouri, ■ Kansas City. Ex^). 36 
miilim. 

Larva. Smith & Dyar, Pr. U. S. Nat. Mus. xxi. p. 103 ; Harris, Ent. Corr. 
1869, p. 313, pi. iii. f. 2. 

Head shining black. Body black, with a row of white diamond- 
shaped dorsal spots, those on joints 5 to 12 with a black medial 
transverse line ; subdoisal sette long, spatulate, black. Food- 
plants : Apple, &c. — H. G. D. 

3707. Acronycta morula. (Plate CXXV. fig. 31.) 

Acroni/uta morula, Grote & Rob. Trans. Am. Ent. See. ii. p. 19R. pi. iii. 

f. 7h (ISfiS) ; Smith & Dyar, Pr. U.S. Nat. Mus. xxi. p. 7(i, pi. ii. f. 10 ; 

Smith, Oat. Nc.ct. N. Am. p. 36. 
Acronycta nlmi, Harris, Ent. Corresp. 1869, p. 312, pi. iii. f. 10 (larva). 

Head and thorax white mixed with dark brown ; 2nd joint of 
palpi with black-brown patch at sides ; frons with lateral dark 
spots ; j)atagia with some dark brown on edges; vertex of thorax 
with pale rufous fascia except on metathorax ; shoulders with 
black stripes ; tibiae with black streaks, the tarsi slightly banded 
Avith black above ; abdomen whitish irrorated with brown and 
dorsally suffused with reddish brown except at extremity. Fore 
wing grey-white irrorated with brown ; subbasal line represented 
by two oblique dark striae from costa ; a sinuous black streak 
in submedian fold defined by red-brown suffusion below and 
extending to the antemedial line, which is double, the lines widely 
separated towards costa, angled outwards below costa, incurved in 
cell, angled inwards below the cell and on vein 1 and strongly 
excurved above inner margin ; orbicular and reniform defined 
by brown, the former small, round, the latter large and with 
its centre tinged with rufous, an oblique dark striga above it from 
costa and an indistinct oblique sinuous line from lower angle of 
cell to inner margin ; postmedial line brown defined by whitish on 
inner side, double at costa, strongly bent outwards below costa, 
then minutely waved, slightly incurved at discal fold, angled 
outwards at vein 3, then bent inwards to below angle of cell 
and angled outwards on vein 1, some brown suffusion beyond it 
especially between veins 3 and 1, with a black streak from it to 
termen in discal fold and crossed by a black streak in submedian 
fold from medial line to termen, some slight white streaks beyond it 



126 NOCTTTID^. 

on costa ; the veins of termiual area with slight dark streaks ; traces 
of a whiti>>h siibtermiiial line excurved below vein 7 and at uiiddle, 
then incurved ; a terminal series of black points with brown marks 
beyond them on the cilia. Hind wing whitish uniformly suffused 
with fuscous and tinged with rufous ; cilia white with a dark line 
near tips towards apex ; the underside white irrorated with brown 
especially on terminal area, a black streak in cell from base to 
near the large black discoidal spot, a minutely waved postmedial line 
excurved to vein 4, then incurved, traces of a diffused subterminal 
band and a terminal series of black points. 

Hah, Canada, Ottawa (Fletcher, Young), 2 (^ , 2 5 , Ontario, 1 $ ; 
U.S.A., Maine, New York (Doubledav), 1 $ , Evans Center (Grote), 
3 c? , 1 2 , Rochester, Kendall, Long Island, Otto, Distr. of Columbia, 
Washington, Pennsylvania, Wisconsin, Illinois, Missouri, Kansas 
(Show), 1 c? , 1 ? , Texas. Eicp. 52-56 millim. 

Larva. Smith & Dyar, Pr. U.S. Nat. Mus. xsi. p. 78, pi. vii. ff. 20, 21. 

Head blackish, the vertices of the lobes red. Body somewhat 
flattened, a diamond-shaped elevation on joints 5, 8, and 12 
dorsally ; dull brown, mottled, a blackish shaded dorsal band 
enclosing the dorsal elevations ; hairs short, whitish, growing from 
the skin. Food-plants : Elm, Apple, Linden. — H. G. D. 



*3708. Acronycta transversata. (Plate CXXV. fig. 32.) 

Acronr/cta fransversaia, Smith, Bnt. News Philacl. viii. p. 149 (1897) ; 
Smith & Dyar, Pr. U.S. Nat. Mus. xxi. p. 65, pi. x. f. 10; Pyar, Cat. 
Lep. N. Am. p. 100. 

Head, thorax, and abdomen ash-grey irrorated with black ; 
shoulders with black streaks. Fore wing ash-grey irrorated with 
black ; a black streak below base of cell extending to the ante- 
medial line ; subbasal line represented by a black spot on costa ; 
anteraedial line represented by one or two spots on costa, two 
angled marks in subraerlian interspace and one or two lunules on 
inner margin sometimes forming an almost continuous line ; 
orbicular defined by black, small, round, the reniform very ill- 
defined, dark ; medial line represented by an oblique blackish bar 
from costa to reniform, inwardly oblique and irregular from lower 
angle of cell to inner margin ; postmedial line black, bent outwards 
below costa, then minutely waved, oblique below vein 4 and angled 
inwards in subraedian fold, crossed by a short black streak in discal 
fold and by a btreak in submedian fold extending to near termen ; 
the terminal area somewhat darker : the subterminal line absent ; a 
terminal series of black points ; the cilia intersected with black. 
Hind wing white, the terminal area tinged with brown in female ; 
the underside with discoidal spot and postmedial line. 

Bah. U.S.A., Colorado. Exp. 42-46 millim. This species is 
unknown to me, figured from a drawing from cotype in Coll. J. 
B. Smith. 



ACROJTYCTA, 127 

3709. Acronycta tota. (Plate CXXVI. fig. ] .) 

Apatela tota, Grote, N. Am. Eut. i. p. 12 (1878) ; Smith & Dyar, Pr. U.S. 
Nat. MuB. xxi. p. 66, pi. x. f. 11 ; id. Cat. Noct. N. Am. p. 39. 

S . Head and thorax fuscous-brown mixed with white ; palpi 
white below, frons white at sides ; basal joint of antenna; white in 
front ; patagia white at outer edges ; tarsi banded fuscous and 
white ; abdomen white, dorsall}' suffused and irrorated with 
fuscous. Fore wing white suffused and irrorated with brown ; 
subbasal line represented b}- a slight dark striga from costa ; 
a sinuous black streak below base of cell extending to the ante- 
medial line, which is double, slightly excurved from costa to 
submedian fold where it is angled inwards and the inner line 
prominently black, then again excurved ; orbicular and reniform 
defined by black, the former very small, elongate ; a medial line, 
black from costa to reniform, then indistinct and angled inwards 
below vein 2 ; postmedial line slightly defined by whitish on inner 
side, bent outwards below costa, then very minutely waved, excurved 
to vein 4, then strongly incurved and with slight black streak from 
it to termen in submedian fold ; the veins of terminal area slightly 
streaked with brown ; subterrainal line absent ; a terminal series of 
black points ; cilia white and brown mixed, the tips chequered 
white and brown. Hind wing white, the veins brownish, the 
terminal area slightly irrorated with brown ; a slight discoidal 
point, indistinct curved postmedial line and terminal series of 
striae ; the underside M'ith the costal area irrorated with iuscous, a 
black discoidal spot. 

Palpi very short, hardly reaching middle of frons. 

Hab. U.S.A., Texas {Belfrac/e), 1 J type, Comal Co. Exj). 
38 millim. 

3710. Acronycta radclifFei. (Plate CXXVI. fig. 2.) 

Apatela raddiffei, Hary. Bull. Buff. Soc. Sat. Sci. ii. p. 270 (187.')) ; Smith 
& Dyar, Pr. U.S. Nat. Mus. xxi. p. 1U7, pi. xii. f. 4 ; Smith, Cat. Noct. 
N. Am. p. 39. 

S . Head and thorax pale violaceous grey suffused with fuscous ; 
2nd joint of palpi with black band ; shoulders streaked with black ; 
mid and hind tibia? streaked with black, the tarsi banded with 
black ; abdomen white dorsally tinged with pale brown. Fore 
wing violaceous white suffused and irrorated with pale brown, 
the terminal area whiter ; subbasal line indistinct, from costa to 
median fold in which there is a sinuous black streak defined by 
white above and extending to well beyond antemedial line, which is 
double, oblique, slightly bent outwards at submedian fold and the 
outer line angled outwards below costa ; orbicular with slight 
whitish annulus defined by blick, somewhat oblique elliptical; 
reniform with slight whitish lunule defined by black on inner side, 
undefined on outer except by slight black striae at upper and lower 
extremities ; medial line very faint, diffused, oblique from costa to 



128 KOCTUTDS;. 

lower angle of cell, then inwardly oblique to inner margin at ante- 
medial line ; postmedial line black defined by white on inner side, 
bent outwards below costa, excurved and slightly sinuous to vein 4, 
then incurved, crossed by a fine black streak in submedian fold from 
medial line to terraen ; subtermiiial line only defined by the contrast 
between the postmedial and terminal areas, dentate, excurved at 
vein 7 and middle; the veins of terminal area with slight dark 
streaks ; a terminal series of black points with slight brown streaks 
from them intersecting the cilia. Hind wing white, the veins of 
terminal half tinged with brown, the termen suif used with brown 
from i).pex to vein 2 ; the underside with the costal area irrorated 
•with brown, a black discoidal spot, traces of a postmedial line with 
minute dark streaks on the veins and blackish spots at costa and 
submedian folds, a terminal series of small black lunulas, 

2 . Head, thorax, and fore wing browner ; abdomen strongly 
suffused with brown, paler at base ; hind wing tinged with brown, 
the terminal area suffused with dark brown, a discoidal spot and 
sinuous postmedial line showing through to upperside ; cilia mixed 
with browii ; the underside with the costal and terminal areas 
strongly irrorated with brown, the postmedial line strong, minutely 
waved, excurved to vein 4, then oblique. 

Ab. 1. c? . Hind wing wholly sufFased with brown, the cilia white 
with brown points, the underside as in female. — Vancouver. 

Hah. Canada, Manitoba, Aweme (Griddle), 1 § , Vancouver I. 
(J. J. Walker), 1 S ; U.S.A., New Hampshire, Massachusetts, 
New York, Evans Center (Grote), 1 c? , 2 $ type, Albany, Adiron- 
dack Mts., Virginia. E^vj^. 40-44 millim. 

Larva. Smith & Dyar, Pr. U.S. Nat. M us. xxi. p. 108, pi. v. f. 9 & pi. vi. f. 10. 

Head black below, the upper half red.. Body blaclc, with a 
dorsal, and three yellow stripes on each side ; cervical shield, anal 
plate and a dorsal spot on joints 12 and 13 black ; hairs fine, pale, 
sparse, mostly growing from the tubercles dorsally. Food-plant : 
Wild cherry.— H. G. 1). 

3711. Acronycta felina. (Plate CXXVI. fig. 3.) 

Afatela felina. Grote, Bull. U.S. Geol. Geog. Surv. Terr. v. p. 208 
(1880); Smith & Dyar, Proc. U.S. Nat. Mus. sxi. p. 5.% pi. xi. f. 9; 
Smith, Cat. Noct. N. Am. p. 39. 

^ . Head and thorax white mixed with brown ; sides of palpi 
and frons blackish ; antennae blackish ; shoulders with black 
stripes ; tibiae streaked with black ; abdomen white tinged with 
brown and irrorated with fuscous. Fore wing white irrorated 
with fuscous, the veins with slight dark streaks, the terminal 
area slightly darker; a sinuous black streak below base of cell; 
antemedial line represented by a slight dark mark on costa; orbi- 
cular slightly defined by black, elongate, pointed at extremity ; 
reniform represented by a blackish discoidal spot with oblique 
brown bar above it from costa ; postmedial line slight, dark, un- 
usually near termen, excurved below costa, incurved below vein 4, 



ACEO.NYCTA. 129 

and slightly angled outwards on vein 1 ; crossed by slight dark 
streaks in discal and submedial folds ; cilia white, intersected by 
brown streaks in the interspaces. Hind wing white, the veins 
irrorated with brown, the terminal area very slightly irrorated with 
brown ; a slight brown terminal line ; cilia white, intersected by 
faint brown streaks in the interspaces from apex to vein 2 ; the 
underside with dark discoidal spot and postmedial series of minute 
dark streaks on the veins. 

Hab. U.S.A., Washington, Seattle, Colorado, Glenwood Springs, 
California, Sierra JSTevada, 2 ^ type. Exp. 40-45 millim. 

Larva. Head shining black. Body whitish or yellowdsh, with a 
reddish-brown dorsal band, a narrower lateral one, and shading 
subventrally ; hairs long, fine, soft, growing from the skin, white 
or yellow ; a slender single dorsal black pencil on joints 5, 7, 
and 12. Pood-plant: Poplar.— H. G. D. 

*3712. Acronycta frigida. (Plate CXXVI. fig. 4.) 

Acronycta friqida, Smith, Ent..News Philad. viii. p. ]48 (1897) ; Smith & 
Dyar, Pr. U.S. Nat. Mus. sxi. p. 54, pi. xi. ff. 6-10; Dyar, Cat. Lep. 
N. Am. p. 100. 

Head, thorax, and abdomen dark blue-grey thickly irrorated 
with black ; palpi blackish at sides ; shoulders with a black streak. 
Fore wing dark blue-grey thickly irrorated with black ; a black 
streak below base of cell almost connected with the streak across 
postmedial line ; subbasal line absent or represented by a black 
point on costa ; antemedial line absent or represented by a black 
spot on cx)sta and angled mark in submedian interspace; orbicular 
slightly defined hj black, narrow and elongate ; medial line absent 
or represented by dark spots on costa and inner margin ; post- 
medial line defined on inner side by whitish, bent outwards below 
costa, then minutely waved, slightly incurved below vein 4 and 
excurved. at vein 1, crossed by black streaks in discal and sub- 
median folds, the former very slight ; cilia intersected with black. 
Hind wing white with discoidal spot showing through from under- 
side and dark terminal line ; the underside white with dark 
irroration, a discoidal spot sometimes connected by a streak with 
base, and postmedial line. 

Hah. U.S.A., California, Sierra Nevada, Truckie. Exp. 44miliim. 
This species is unknown to me, figured from a drawing from type 
in U.S. Nat. Mus. 

Larva. As in A. felina, the hairs slightly coarser and less 
abundant. Food-plant : Willow. — H. G. D. 

3713. Acronycta cyanescens. (Plate CXXVI. fig. 5.) 

c? . Head, thorax, and abdomen blue-grey mixed with fuscous ; 
palpi blackish at sides. Fore wing blue-grey thickly irrorated with 
blackish, the veins with slight dark streaks ; a slight sinuous black 
streak below the cell to near antemedial line, which is blackish and 

VOL. VIII. K 



130 NOCTUIDiE. 

diffused towards cos>ta, then very indistinct, obli<|iie ; orbicular 
absent ; reniform represented by traces of a slight black lunule 
Avith diffused oblique black mark above it from costa ; postmedial 
line whitish, defined on inner side by black towards costa, slightly 
bent outwards below costa, then lunulate, excurved to vein 4, then 
incurved and bent outwards at vein 1, crossed by a slight black 
streak in submedian fold ; subterrainal line absent ; a series of 
small black spots on termen and cilia. Hind wing white, the veins 
and terminal area slightly irrorated with fuscous ; a series of slight 
fuscous spots on termen and cilia which are white mixed with 
fuscous ; the underside with the costal area slightly irrorated with 
fuscous, a blackish discoidal spot and postmedial series of slight dark 
streaks on the veins. 

Ilab. Canada, Vancouver {Danhj), 3 S fjT^* Exp. 44 millim. 

*3714. Acronycta pacifica. (Plate CXXYI. fig. 6.) 

Acrom/cta pacifica, Smith, Ent. News Philad. viii. p. 148 (1897); Smith 
& Dyar, Pr. U.S. Nat. Miis. sxi. p. 66, pi. xi. f. 5 ; Dyar, Cat. Lep. 
N. Am. p. 100. 

Head, thorax, and abdomen ash-grey with some dark irroration. 
Fore wing ash-grey with dark irroration and streaks on the veins ; 
a black streak below base of cell extending to the antemedial line, 
which is very indistinct, double, bisinuate, angled inwards in sub- 
median fold ; orbicular very small and slightly defined by black, 
narrow and elongate; reniform a slight dark mark; medial line 
represented by a dark mark on costa ; postmedial line black, bent 
outwards below costa, then minutely waved, excurved to vein 4, 
then incurved and stronger in submedian interspace, where it is 
crossed by a black streak extending to termen, the area beyond it 
rather darker; subterminal line absent; cilia intersected with 
black. Hind wing white, slightly tinged with fuscous in female ; 
the underside with discoidal spot and postmedial line. 

Hah. U.S.A., California, Sierra Nevada. Exp. 40-46 millim. 
This species is unknown to me, figured from a drawing from 
co-type in Coll. J. B. Smith. 

3715. Acronycta interrupta. (Plate CXXVI. fig. 7.) 

Acronycta interrupta, Guen. Noct. i. p. 46 (1852) ; Dyar, Cat. Lep. N. Am. 

p. 101. 
Acrom/cta, occiclentalis, Grote & Rob. Proc. Ent. Soc. Pliil. vi. p. 16 

(1866); Smith & Dyar, Pr. U.S. Nat. Mus. xsi. p. 79, pi. ii. f. 8; 

Smith, Cat. Noct. N.'Am. p. 35. 

Head and thorax brownish white ; palpi with black patches at 
sides of 2nd joint; lower part of frons tinged with rufous; 
shoulders with blackish streaks ; tegula3 with rufous streaks at 
middle and sides ; patagia with black streaks on outer edges ; tibise 
wdth interrupted black streaks ; abdomen grey, dorsallj^ tinged with 
fuscous, ventrally white. Pore wing brownish white; subbasal 
line represented by a slight dark striga from costa ; a strong black 



ACllONYCTA. 131 

streak in siibmedian fold to just beyond the antemcdial line, which 
is indistinct, double, the lines rather widely separated towards 
costa, oblique, sinuous ; orbicular incompletely defined by black, 
rather oblique elliptical ; reniform faintly defined, with an oblique 
black striga on inner side, an oblique black striga above it from 
costa ; postmedial line blackish defined by white on inner side, 
double at costa, bent outwards below costa, then dentate, escurved 
to vein 4, then strongly incurved, some brown suflTusion beyond it 
between veins 3 and 1, crossed by black streaks in disc-al and sub- 
median folds, the latter extending almost to termen, some slight 
white streaks with lilack points between them beyond it on costa ; 
subterminal line absent ; a series of small black spots on termen 
and base of cilia. Hind wing wbitish suffused with reddish brown ; 
cilia white; the underside white, the costal area irrorated with 
brown, a slight dark streak in base of cell, a black discoidal spot, 
an indistinct difi'used sinuous postmedial line with minute dark 
streaks on the veins, and terminal series of small black lunules. 

Hah. Canada {Norman), 2 c? , Ontario, Ottawa (Fletcher, Ymwg, 
Gibson), 4 S , 2 § , London (Saunders), 2 J , 1 $ , Manitoba, 
Aweme (Griddle), 1 $ ; U.S.A., Maine, New Hampshire, New 
York, 3 c?, 5 2 , Bufialo, IS, 1 ? , Trenton Palls {Douhledaij), 
2 S , Schenectady, Kendall, liochester, Long Island, llhode Island, 
1 5 , Pennsylvania, New Brighton (Merrlclc), 1 $ , New Jersey, 
Distr. of Columbia, Washington, Michigan, Hastings, 1 cJ , Wis- 
consin, Milwaukee Co., 1 S, Georgia, Nebraska, West Point, 
Kansas (Snow), 1 (5* , 1 $ . Exp. 40-46 millim. 

Larva. Smith & Dyar, Pr. U.S. Nat. Mus. xxi. p. 80, pi. v. ff. 7, 8. 

Head black, the vertices of the lobes red. Body purplish on the 
sides, with a blackish dorsal stripe that ends on a rounded elevation 
on joint 12, and contains a series oE dorsal markings consisting of 
a square black spot with two red and two yellow dots with a 
lateral arm ; a broad greyish lateral band ; hairs growing from 
the tubercles dorsally, supplemented by wliitish ones laterally, 
growing from the skin. Pood-plants : Elm, Apple, &c. — H. G. D. 

3716. Acronycta spinigsra. (Plate CXXVI. fig. 8.) 

Acronycta spinigera, Guen. Noct. i. p. 45 (1852); Smith & Dyar, Pr. U.S. 

Nat. Mus. xxi. p. 122, pi. xii. f. 5 ; Smith, Cat. Noct. N. Am. p. 39. 
A'paiela liarvei/ava, Grrote, Proc. Ac. Nat. Sci. Plnl. 1875, p. 418; Smith, 

Cat. Noct. N. Am. p. 39. 

Head and thorax white mixed with brown ; palpi white at base, 
the 2nd joint with black band ; shoulders streaked with black ; 
mid and hind tibiae streaked with black, the tarsi black ringed 
with white ; abdomen whitish largely mixed with brown, the 
ventral surface paler. Pore wing whitish thickly irrorated with 
brown ; subbasal line represented by double dark striae from costa 
and single striga from cell ; a fine black streak in submedian fold 
defined by wliitish above and brown below and extending to outer 
edge of antemedial line, which is double, oblique, waved, angled 

k2 



,132 NOCTUID^. 

outwards below costa and bent inwards to inner margin ; orbicular 
and reniform defined by blackish, the former somewhat oblique 
elliptical, the latter with some brown in centre ; an oblique brown 
bar from costa to reniform and indistinct oblique waved line from 
cell to inner margin ; postmedial line double tilled in with white, 
the outer line black, bent outwards below costa, then dentate, 
slightly angled inwards at discal fold, incurved below vein 4 and 
angled outwards at vein 1, crossed by a fine black streak in sub- 
median fold from medial line to termen and with some white 
points beyond it on costa; a minutely waved whitish subtermitial 
line with slight dark streaks from it to the terminal series of 
points ; cilia with slight dark line through them. Hind wing 
whitish suffused with reddish brown ; cilia white ; the underside 
white irrorated with brown, a dark streak in base of cell, black 
discoidal lunule, indistinct postmedial line excurved to vein 4, 
then incurved, and terminal seiies of small black lunules. 

Bab, U.S.A., Maine, New York (DouUeday), 1 cj type, Evan's 
Center (Grote)^ 5 c?, 3 $, Pennsylvania, Sharon, 1 5 type har- 
veyana, Wisconsin, Missouri, Kansas, Texas. Exp. 44-50 miliim. 

3717. Acronycta anricoma. 

Noctna auncmna, Sebiff. Wien. Verz. p. 6" (177P)) ; Fabr. Mant. Ins. ii. 

p. 174 (1787~1; Esp. Schmett. iv. pi. 117. ff. 4-6 & 117 A. fF 1,2 ; Hiibn. 

Eur. Schmett., Noct. f. 8 ; Diip. Lep. Fr. vi. p. 236, pi. 87. f. 6 ; Frr. 

Neue Beitr. pi. 542; Steph. 111. Brit. Ent., Haust. iii. p. 41; Stand. 

Cat. Lep. pal. p. 133. 
NocUia lapathi, Schrank, Faun. Eoica, p. 308 (1802). 
Nochia sirailis. Haw. Lep. Brit. p. 180 (1809); Stepb. 111. Brit. Ent., 

Haust., iii. p. 41. 
' Noctua pepli, Hilbn. Eur. Scbmett., Noct. f. TiH (1818). 
Acronycta alpina, Frr. IVeue Beitr. pi. 623 (IS.'iS). 
Acronycta py'h(Evaar€B, Hffiii. Stett. ent. Zeit. 1893, p. 126. 

Head and thorax white tinged with brown and mixed with 
black; palpi with the 2nd joint black above; tegulse edged with 
blackish ; patagia with white patches and black outer edges ; tarsi 
blackish ringed with white ; abdomen whitish dorsally suffused 
with ochreous brown, the basal crest black and white, the extremity 
and ventral surface irrorated with black. Fore wing grey-white 
thickly irrorated with black and tinged with brown in parts ; 
subbasal line represented by double oblique black striae from costa 
and single striga from cell with black streak from it to antemedial 
line, which is double, oblique, waved, angled inwards in submedian 
fold and on vein 1 ; orbicular defined by black, somewhat oblique 
elliptical ; reniform defined by black and with spot on inner side 
below, the black on outer side reduced to points; an oblique black 
bar from costa to reniform and oblique waved line from lower angle 
of cell to inner margin ; postmedial line black defined by whitish 
on inner side, bent outwards below costa, then dentate, strongly 
incurved below vein 3 and angled outwards at vein 1, crossed by a 
black streak in submedian fold from medial to subterminal lines, 
with some dark sufi'usion beyond it and whitish points on costa ; 



ACRONTCTA. ] 33 

subterminal line represented by a series of whitish marks in the 
interspaces with blackish points on their outer side ; a terminal 
series of slight black points with dark marks beyond them on the 
cilia. Hind wing white tinged with oehreous brown especially 
towards base ; cilia white ; the underside white slightly tinged 
with oehreous, the costal area with very slight brown irroration. 

Ab. 1. pepli. Pore wing darker and more uniform in colour. 

Hah. Britain, Leech Coll. ; Feancb, Leech Coll. ; Denmark, 
Leech Coll. ; Germany, Zeller & Frey Colls. ; Austria ; Hungary ; 
Switzerland, Frey Coll. ; Spain, Catalonia ; Italy ; Norway, 
Surendal {Christy)-, Laplaistd ; Kussia, Finland, Esthonia, Zeller 
Coll., St. Petersburg, Zeller Coll. ; Armenia ; N". Siberia ; 
E. Siberia, Amurland. Exp. 36-42 millim. 

Larva. Mejr. Brit. Lep. p. 143 ; Barrett, Lep. Brit. iii. p. 259, pL 121 . f. 4. 

Black, the segmental incisions greyer; somites 2— 12 each with 
two or four orange red tubercles bearing fascicles of orange hair, 
the other hairs blackish ; head and thoracic plate black. Food- 
plants : Oak, Birch, liubus, &c. 6-7 and 9-4. 

3718. Acronycta pul¥erosa, n. sp. (Plate CXXVL fig. 9.) 
Acronycia pndiiosa. Leech, Trans. Enfc. Soc. 1900, p. 104 (xi^c Guen.). 

Head and thorax grey-white mixed with daik brown ; palpi 
with black patch on 2nd joint at sides ; tegulas with dark marks 
near tips at middle ; patagia with black streaks on outer edges ; 
tarsi banded with fuscous ; abdomen grey-white irrorated with 
fuscous and dorsally suffused with brown. Fore wing grey- white 
irrorated and in parts suffused with brown ; subbasal line repre- 
sented by double black striae from costa ; a slight sinuous black 
streak in submedian fold from base to antemedial line, its lower 
edge expanding into a spot at middle Mnth brownish mark beyond 
it ; antemedial line rather indistinct, double, oblique, waved, angled 
inwards below costa and cell and on vein 1 ; orbicular whitish 
defined by black at sides, rather oblique quadrate ; reniform defined 
by black, the black on outer edge reduced to points, its centre 
suffused with brown, somewhat constricted at middle ; an oblique 
dark striga from costa to reniform and traces of an oblique line 
from cell to inner margin angled outwards on vein 1 ; postmedial 
line double filled in by white lunules, the inner line indistinct 
except at costa, bent outwards below costa, then minutely dentate, 
incurved below vein 3 and angled outwards on vein 1, a black 
streak from it to termen in submedian fold, some brown suffusion 
in discal and submedian fold.s and some white points with slight 
dark streaks between them beyond it on costa ; faint traces of 
a subterminal series of whitish marks in the interspaces ; a terminal 
series of small black lunules with slight brown marks beyond them 
on the cilia. Hind wing white tinged with brownish fuscous, the 
terminal area suffused with brown from apex to vein 2 ; an in- 
distinct ])0stmedial sinuous line ; cilia white with a series of brown 
spots ; the underside white faintly tinged with brown, a dark 



134 NOCTTJIDiE. 

fliscoidal spot, traces of postmedial line with dark spols on and 
below costa and in discal and submedian folds, and terminal series 
of slight dark lunulas. 

Ab. 1. Eore wing more suffused with fuscous brown. 

Hah. Japan {Fryer), 1 c? , 1 $ type, Yokohama {Fryer), 1 cS , 
Shimonosaki {Leech), 1 S , Kiushiu, 1 J ; JST, China, Wei-ha-wei 
{Fktclier), 1 c? • Exp. 34-38 millim. 

3719. Acronycta menyanthidis. 

Noctua menyanthidis. View. Tab. Verz. ii. p. 50, pi. 2. ff. 1, 2 (1790) ; Esp. 
Schmett. iv. p. 461, pi. 144. f. 5 (178U); Sepp. Ins. Ned. iv. p. I(i7, 
pi. 49 ; HUbn. Eur. Sfhiiiett., Noct. fl'. 6, 7 ; Dup. Lep. Fr. vi. p. 239, 
pi. 88. f. 1 ; Stepb. 111. Brit. Ent., Haust. iii. p. 42, pi. 27. t'. 1 ; Staud. 
Oat. Lep. pal. p. 132. 

Acronycta ohsoleta, Tutt, Brit. Noct. i. p. 24 (1891). 

Acronycta scotica, Tutt, Brit. N.ict. i. p. 24 (1S91). 

Acronycta svffasa, Tutt, Brit. Noct. i. p. 24 (1891). 

Head and thorax white mixed with reddish brown ; pnlpi brown 
except at tips; shoulders and outer edges of pat agia with black 
streaks ; abdomen gre}'- white tinged with brown, the medial 
segments with diffused dark bands. Fore ■s\ing grej'-white slightlj' 
suffused with brown and irrorated with fuscous ; subbasal line 
represented bj' double dark stria3 from costa and single striga from 
cell with black streak from it to antemcdial line, which is double, 
oblique, waved, angled inwards on vein 1 ; orbicular a minute 
diffused black annulus; renilbrm defined by a black lunule on 
inner side and black points and striga on outer; a diffused oblique 
black bar from costa to reniform and .slight incurved brown line 
from lower angle of cell to inner margin, on which there is a dark 
mark ; postmedial line double tilled in with whitish, the outer lino 
strong, black, the inner indistinct except at costa, strongW bent 
outwards below costa, then minutely dentate, incurved below 
vein 4, crossed by a short black fascia in submedian fold from just 
before it to just beyond it, some white points with short black 
streaks between thom beyond it on costa ; subterminal line in- 
distinct, diffused, whitish, waved, angled inwards at discal fold and 
slightly defined by fuscous on outer side ; a terminal series of black 
striae ; cilia chequered brown and white. Hind wing white tinged 
with brown, especially on basal and terminal areas ; th& veins 
streaked with brown ; a fine terminal dark line ; the underside 
white slightly tinged with brown, the veins brown, a slight dis- 
coidal lunule. 

Ab. 1. ohsoleta. Rather paler. 

Ab. 2. scotica. Large and bright-coloured, the markings distinct. 
— W. Scotland. 

A\). 3. suffusa. Much darker and suffused with fuscous. 

Hah. Britain, Scotland, England, Leech Coll. ; Germany, Zeller, 
Frey, and Leech Colls. ; Austria ; Htjkgary ; Switzerland ; 
Scandinavia, Lapland ; Russia, St. Petersburg, Zeller Coll., Urals; 
E. Siberia, Amurland. Ea-p. 34-44 millim. 



ACKONYCTA. 135 

Larva. Meyr. Brit. Lep. p. 144 ; Barrett, Lep. Brit. iii. p. 255, pi. 121. f. 3. 

Ulack-browii or black ; subspiracular line dull reddish or 
crimson, sometimes interrupted, with fascicles of hair varying from 
pale reddish brown to black ; head black. Tood-plants : Myrica, 
Calluna, Scdix, &c. 8-9. 

3720. Acronycta canadensis. (Plate CXXVI. fig. 10.) 

Acronycta canadensis, Smith & Dyar, Pr. U.S. Nat. Mus. xsi. ^. 57 (1898) ; 
Dyar, Cat. Ltp. K. Am. p. 100. 

5 . Head, thorax, and abdomen white mixed with fuscous ; 
sides of palpi and frons blackish. Fore wing white thickly irrorated 
with fuscous ; subbasal line represented by a blackish striga from 
c;osta ; a slight blackish streak below the cell to near antemedial 
line, which is fuscous, rather diffused at costa and inner margin, 
oblique, slightly angled outwards at median nervure, then incurved ; 
orbicular absent : reniform a slight blackish lunule obscured by the 
rather diffused medial line, which is oblique from costa to lower 
angle of cell, then incurved, angled outwards at vein 1 and joining 
the antemedial lino at inner margin ; postmedial line indistinct and 
strongly bent outwards below costa, then formed by whitish lunules 
with blackish lunules on their outer side, incurved below vein 4, 
bent outwards at vein 1 and with a slight black streak beyond it in 
submedian fold on some dark suffusion ; the terminal area with 
slight dark streaks on the veins ; a terminal series of small black 
spots with streaks beyond them intersecting the cilia, which are 
white. Hind wing white slightly suffused and irrorated with 
brown, the veins brown ; a series of small fuscous spots on the 
terraen and base of cilia, which are white ; the underside white 
irrorated with brown, a dark discoidal spot and postmedial line 
cxcurved to vein 4, then incurved. 

Hah. Canada, Hudson's Bay (Barnsto7i), 1 5, Quebec, Murray 
Bay, Alberta, Calgary. Erj). 52 millim. 

37;11. Acronycta Cinderella. (Plate CXXVI. fig. 11.) 

Acroni/cta Cinderella, Sniitli, Eut. News Philad. viii. p. 149 (1897); 
Smith & Dyar, Pr. U.S. Nat. Mus. xxi. p. 64, pi. xi. f. 11 ; Dyar, Oat. 
Lep. N. Am. p. 100. 

J . Head and thorax white mixed with fuscous brown ; palpi 
and frons brown at sides ; antennce brown ; shoulders with blackish 
streaks ; tarsi blackish ringed with white ; abdomen Avhite, dorsally 
suffused with fuscous, vertically irrorated with brown. Fore wing 
white irrorated with black-brown, the veins with slight dark 
streaks, the terminal area slightly darker ; a slight sinuous black 
streak below basal half of cell ; subbasal and antemedial lines 
represented by blackish spots on costa; orbicular defined by black, 
very small, elongate elliptical ; reniform a small diffused blackish 
lunule with diffused dark mark above it on costa ; postmedial line 
slight, dark, unusually near tcrmcTi, strongly bent- outwards below 



136 NOCTUID^. 

costa, then minutely dentate, excurved to vein 4, then incurA-ed and 
with some dark suffusion beyond it in submedian interspace ; sub- 
terminal line absent; cilia intersected by black streaks in the inter- 
spaces. Hind wing white, the veins slightly tinged with brown, the 
terminal area very slightly irrorated with brown ; a terminal series 
of black points with slight streaks from them intersecting the cilia ; 
the underside with the costal and terminal areas slightly irrorated 
with brown, a slight dark dissoidal lunule and faint postmedial 
line with minute dark streaks on the veins. 

Hah. U.S.A., Illinois (Kemp), 1 S , Montana, Miles City, 
Colorado, Denver, 1 (J . Ecrp. 32-45 millim. 

3722. Acronycta lepusculina. (Plate CXXVI. fig. 12.) 

Acronycta lepusculina, Guen. Noct. i. p. 46 (1852); Smith, Cat. Noct. 

N. Am. p. 39. 
Acronycta. insila, Smith & Dyar, Pr. U.S. Nat. Mus. xxi. p. 56, pi. iv. 

f. 3'&pl. X. f. 8 (nee Wlk.). 

Head and thorax white irrorated with fuscous ; palpi blackish at 
sides ; abdomen whitish, dorsally tinged with brown, ventrally 
irrorated with fuscous. Fore wing white irrorated with fuscous, 
the veins with slight dark streaks ; subbasal line represented by a 
blnck point on costa ; a short diffused dark streak below base of 
cell ; antemedial line represented by a diffused oblique blackish 
striga from costa ; orbicular with very faint dark outline, minute, 
round ; reniform a slight blackish lunule with blackish mark above 
it on costa ; postmedial line strongly bent outwards below costa, 
then dentate and defined by diffused fuscous on outer side, forming 
slight lunules above and below vein 5, slightly angled inwards at 
discal fold, strongly incurved below vein 4 and bent outwards at 
vein 1, with a slight dark streak beyond it in submedian fold; 
subterminal line absent; a series of small black spots on termen 
and base of cilia. Hind wing white slightly irrorated with brown 
and the veins tinged with brown ; a series of small black spots on 
termen and base of cilia ; the underside with blackish discoidal 
lunule. 

i/o6. U.S.A., New York {DouUeday), 2 $, Ithaca, Illinois, 
Chicago, Urbana, S. Dakota, Volga, 'New Mexico, Las Vegas 
(CockereU), 1 c^ . Exp. 37-50 millim. Type f in Mus. Paris. 

3723. Acronycta chionochroa, n. n. (Plate CXXVI. fig. 13.) 

Acronycta lepusculina, Smith & Dyar, Pr. U.S. Nat. Mus. xxi. p. Qio, pi. i. 
f. 1. & pi xi. f. 8 (nee Guen.). 

c? . Head and thorax white slightly mixed with fuscous ; sides of 
palpi except at tips, of frons, and the antennae black ; shoulders and 
buter edges of patagia with black stripes ; tarsi ringed with black ; 
abdomen white with fuscous dorsal hands, the ventral surface 
irrorated with black. Fore wing white sparsely irrorated with 
black ; a very oblique subbasal black striga from costa ; a black 
streak below base of cell emitting a slight spur from lower side at 



ACKONYCTA. 137 

middle and forking at extremity ; antemedial line represented 
by a black mark on costa and two slight marks on inner margin ; 
orbicular and reniform very small and slightly defined by black, the 
former elongate, the latter narrow ; a medial black spot on costa 
and slight mark on inner margin ; postmedial line with small black 
spot on costa, strongly bent outwards and almost obsolete below 
costa, then represented by small black lunules, produced to slight 
streaks above vein 7 and at discal fold, incurved below vein 3, 
angled inwards in submedian fold and crossed by a black streak 
from well before it to near termen and angled outwards on vein 1 ; 
a series of small black spots on termen and base of cilia. Hind 
wing pure white irrorated with a few black scales on terminal 
area ; a postmedial series of minute black points on the veins ; a 
slight black striga on termen at submedian interspace ; the under- 
side with black S])ot on upper discocellular, and indistinct curved 
minutely waved postmedial line. 

Hub. Canada, Manitoba. Aweme (C7^iddle), 1 J ; U.S.A., J^ew 
Hampshire, Manchester, New York, Long I., Florida, S. Dakota, 
Volga, Iowa, Decorah, 1 J , Kansas, Montana, Colorado. E.vj). 
48 millim. 

3724. Acronycta populi. (Plate CXXVI. fig. 14.) 

Acronycta populi, Riley, 2nd Kept. Ins. Mo p. 119, ff. 87, 88 (1870) ; 
Smith & Dyar. Pr. U.S. Nat. Mus. xxi. p. 61, pi. xi. t. 7 ; Smith, Cat. 
Noct. N. Am. p. 40. 

Head and thorax white mixed with pale brown ; palpi at base 
and sides of Irons blackish ; antennae blackish ; shoulders with 
black streaks ; tarsi ringed black and white ; abdomen white 
dorsally irrorated with fuscous. Fore wing white, irrorated with 
fuscous ; subbasal line represented by an oblique black striga from 
costa ; a slight sinuous black streak below basal half of cell with 
some dark suffusion below it at base ; antemedial line represented 
by a diffused oblique black bar from costa and a dark mark on 
middle of inner margin ; orbicular slightly and incompletely defined 
by black, rather elongate elliptical : reniform an obscure blackish 
lunule with irregular black bar above it from costa; postmedial. 
line with black point at costa, then very indistinct, strongly bent 
outwards below costa, slightly angled inwards and with small 
black spot on it at discal fold and black point below vein 5, 
strongly incurved and minutely dentate below vein 4, with slight 
dark lunule below vein 3 and stronger lunule below 2 with short 
streak beyond it, angled outwards at vein 1 ; subterminal line 
absent ; cilia intersected by black streaks in the interspaces. Hind 
wing white, the veins and terminal area very slightly irrorated with 
brown ; a terminal series of black points with faint streaks from 
them intersecting the cilia ; the underside with the costal and 
terminal areas slightly irrorated with brown, a black discoidal spot 
and traces of sinuous postmedial line. 

Hah. Canada, Oiitario, London ; U.S.A., Massachusetts, New 



13S irocTuiD.^i. 

York {Riley), 1 (5,1 5 , Long Islanrl, Illinois, Chicago (Reading), 
1 d' , Nebraska, Missouri, Kansa'^, Washington, Seattle. Ex^). 33- 
47 millira. 

Larva. Smith & Dyar, Pr. U.S. Nat. Mus. xxi. pi. vii. f. 25. 

Head shining black, body whitish ; the hairs long, fine, white, 
growing from the skin, with black dorsal hair-pencils on joints 5, 7 
and 12, Avith slighter ones on joints 8 to 10. Food-plant: Poplar. 
— H. G. D. 

3725. Acronycta similana. (Plate CXXVI, fig. 15.) 
Acronycta similana, Smith, J. N.Y. Ent. Soc. xiii. p. 190 (1905). 

S . Head, thorax, and abdomen dark purfdish brown mixed 
with white ; palpi with the 1st joint fringed with white in front ; 
some white round bases of anteiina3: shoulders with black stripes : 
tar-ii ringed with white. Fore wing dark purplish brown irrorated 
with white, the medial area somewhat paler, the veins with slight 
dark streaks ; subbasal line represented by slight black marks below 
costa and cell ; a short black streak in base of subrnedian fold ; 
antemediai line black defined by white on outer side, oblique, 
sinuous ; orbicular and reniform represented by small diffused 
blackish marks ; two slight dark marks on melial part of costa ; 
postmedial line blackish defined on inner side by lunulate black 
marks, bent outwards below costa, then dentate, excnrved to vein 
4, then incurved and angled outwards on vein 1, a blackish patch 
beyond it in subrnedian interspace with slight dark streaks from it 
to termen ; subterminal line absent; a series of blackish spots on 
termen and cilia, which are whitish. Hind wing whitish tinged 
with brown, the veins brown, the terminal area suffused with 
brov/n ; a small black discoidal spot ; cilia brown at base, white at 
tips : the iinderside white, the costal and terminal areas broadly 
suffused with brown irrorated with white, 

JJab. U.S.A., Illinois, Chicago, 1 ^ . Exp. 40 millim. 

3726. Acronycta gastridia. (Plate CXXVI. fig. 16.) 

Acronycta aceris, FTinpsii. Moths Tnd. ii. p. 241 (nee Linn.). 
Acronycta gastridia, Swinh. A. M. N. H. (6) sv. p. 5 (1895) ; Hmpsn. Moths 
Ind. iv. p. 510. 

Head and thorax white mixed with black ; 2nd joint of palpi 
with black band ; shoulders and outer edges of patagia with 
black streaks ; tarsi banded with black ; abdomen whitish suifused 
with brown, the basal crest black and white. Fore wing white 
thickly irrorated with black and tinged in parts Avith brown, some 
fuscous suffusion on inner half beyond the antemediai line and on 
outer edge of postmedial line; subbasal line double, waved, from 
costa to vein 1, with black streak in submedian fold from it to ante- 
medial line, which is strong, double, waved, oblique ; orbicular 
defined by black, small, round ; reniform defined by black 
on inner side and by black points on outer, its inner side suffus-ed 
with black ; a diffused oblique black bar from costa to reni- 
form and slight incurved line from lower angle of cell to inner 



ACKONYCTA. 139 

raargin ; postraeditil line double filled in willi white, bent outwards 
Lelow costa, then dentate, incurved below vein 3 and angled out- 
wards at vein 1, some black points bej'ond it on. costa ; subtermiual 
line ill-defined, whitish and with slight blackish marks on its outer 
edge, excurved below costa and at middle; a terminal series of 
slight black lunules ; cilia chequered brown and white and with 
slight black line through them. Hind wing whitish sutfused with 
pale red-brown, an indistinct curved whitish postmedial line ; cilia 
che(iuered white and ])ale brown ; the underside white irrorarcd with 
])ale brown, a dark discoidal spot and brownish mark on middle of 
cofta, postmedial line excurved from costa to vein 5, then incurved. 
Hab. Kashmir, Gourais Valley (Leech), 1 J , Soinde Valley (Leeclt), 
3 d' , 1 $ , Dras {Leech), 1 c? , 1 $ , Kokser (McArthur), 2 $ , llala 
{McArthur), 1 $ ; Punjab, ^lurrce {Manders), 1 $ type. E.vp. 36- 
46 millim. 



3727. Acronycta metaxantlia, n. sp. (Plate CXXVI. tig. 17.) 

J . Head and thorax grey-white mixed with dark brown ; 2nd 
joint of palpi with black band: tegulje and patagia slightly edged 
with blackish; tarsi black ringed with white ; abdomen ochreous 
suffused with rufous, the basal crest greyish, the ventral surface 
paler. Fore wing greyish suffused with brown and thickly 
irrorated with dark brown ; subbasal line represented by double black 
strige from costa and single striga from cell with somewhat curved 
black streak from it to antemedial line, which is double, oblique, 
waved, angled inwards on median nervure and vein 1 ; the medial 
area with diffused blackish fascia above vein 1 ; orbicular and reni- 
form defined by black, the former round with slight brown centre, 
the latter suffused with brown, a dark shade from costa to reniform 
and indistinct oblique minutely dentate line from lower angle of 
cell to inner margin angled outwards on vein 1 ; postmedial line 
double, filled in with whitish and with whitish lunule on it below 
submedian fold, strongly bent outwards below costa, then dentate, 
strongly incurved below vein 3 and angled outwards on vein 1, 
some whitish points beyond it on costa and a dark shade from it 
to termen below vein 3 ; an indistinct greyish subtermiual line 
slightly defined by brown on outer side, excurved below vein 7 
and at middle and angled inwards at discal and submedian folds ; 
a terminal series of slight black lunules ; cilia blackish at base, 
chequered black and white at tips. Hind wing orange-yellow, the 
disk rather paler, the terminal area suffused with brown from apex 
to vein 2 and with brownish spot at vein 1 ; cilia yellowish white 
with slight brown marks from apex to vein 2 ; the underside 
yellowish white slightly tinged with brown, the costal and terminal 
areas irrorated with brown, a slight discoidal lunule with brownish 
bar from costa above it, and traces of a diffused lunulate post- 
medial line incurved below vein 3. 

$ . Hind wing with the terminal band broader and more com- 
plete towards tornus. 



140 NocruiD^. 

Ab. 1 2 • Iliiitl Aving more suffused with biowu, the terminal 
baud entire, leaving a yellow patch on ternien in submedian inter- 
space. 

Ab. 2 2 • Hind wing whitish, tinged with yellow and suffused 
with brown. 

Hab. W. China, Chang-yang {Pratt), 2 $ ,Was,han (Pratt), 1 $ , 
Chia-kou-ho {Pratt), 1 J, 2 $ type, Ta-chieii-lu {Pratt), 1 $, 
KvjJ. 48-56 millim. 

3728. Acronycta nigricans. (Plate CXXVI. fig. 18.) 

Acronyota nigricans, Leech, Ti-ans. Eiit. Soe. 1900, p. 104. 

2 . Head and thorax black, mixed with some brown and white ; 
palpi yellowish white at base and extremity of 2nd joint, tarsi 
ringed with white ; abdomen ochreous white dorsally suffused 
with brown. Fore wing grey, thickly irrorated with black-brown, 
the inner half and terminal area suffut^ed with black ; subbasal line 
represented by double black striae from costa and single striga from cell 
with black streak from it to beyond antemedial line, which is double, 
waved, oblique, angled inwards on vein 1 ; orbicular and reniform 
defined by black, the former round with sligbt dark centre, a 
diffused oblique dark shade from costa to lower angle of cell 
through the reniform and traces of an incurved line from cell to 
inner margin ; postmedial line double, with white lunule on it 
below submedian fold, the inner line indistinct, bent outwards 
below costa, then dentate, incurved below vein 3 and angled 
outwards on vein 1, some white points beyond it on costa; a 
dentate whitish subterminal line defined by black on outer side ; a 
terminal series of black points ; cilia with a fine whitish line at 
base. Hind wing pure white ; the veins towards tornus slightly 
streaked with brown ; the apex tinged with brown; a terminal 
series of blackish points except towards tornus ; the underside with 
the costal area irrorated with brown and with slight dark patch at 
middle, a slight discoidal point and traces of postmedial line from 
costa to vein 6. 

Hab. W. China, Washan(F/r/«),5 $ type. Exp. 44-50 millim. 



3729. Acronycta emaculata. (Plate CXXVI. fig. 19.) 

Lep. 



Acronycta emaculata. Smith, Ent. News PhiJad. riii. p. 152 (1897) ; Smith 
& Dyar, Pr. U.S. Nat. Mus. xxi. p. 168, pi. xiii. f ". 2 ; Dyar, Cat. I 



N. Am. p. 104. 

Head and thorax bluish white mixed with black; 2nd joint of 
palpi with black band; shoulders and outer edges of patagia with 
black streaks ; tarsi banded with black ; abdomen white slightly 
irrorated with black and dorsally suffused with red-brown excejtt 
at extremity. Fore wing bluish grey thickly irrorated with black 
and in parts suffused with black, especially beyond the postmedial 
line ; subbasal line represented by double black striae from costa ; a 
slight black streak in submedian fold from base to the antemedial 



ACEONYCTA. 141 

line defined by white above and with bhick suiFusion below it ; 
autemedial line strong, double, oblique, waved, angled inwards on 
median nervure and vein 1, with blackish patch beyond it above 
vein 1 ; orbicular and renitorm defined by black, the fornaer with 
black point in centre, round, the latter with its centre sufi'used with 
fuscous, open above and with the black on outer edge reduced to 
points. A black striga from costa to renit'orm ; postmedial line 
double, filled in with whitish, the outer line strong, bent outwards 
below costa, then dentate, incurved below vein 4, some white 
points with short black streaks between them beyond it on costa; the 
veins of terminal area streaked with black ; subterminal line repre- 
sented by a series of white spots in the interspaces, slightly angled 
outwards at vein 7, excurved at middle, then incurved ; a terminal 
series of black points ; cilia chequered black and white at tips. 
Hind wing white ; a slight discoidal spot ; the veins of terminal 
half streaked with brown and the terminal area irrorated with 
brown, in female wholly tinged with brown ; the underside with 
the costal and terminal areas slightly irrorated with brown, a 
small dark discoidal spot. 

Hah. Canada, Manitoba, Aweme (Criddle), 1 2 ? Alberta, 
Calgary ( Wolley-Dod), 9 c? , 4 $ , Br. Columbia, Sicamous Junet, 
{Miss Bicardo), 1 § ; U.S.A., Washington, Easton. Ecvj). 38-40 
millim. 

3730. Acronycta impressa. (Plate C-XXVI. fig. 20.) 

Acronycta impressa, Wlk. ix. p. 61 (1856) ; Smith & Djar. Pr. U.S. Nat. 

Mus. xxi. p. 159, pi. i. f. 12 & pi. xiii. ff. 4, 5 ; Smitb, Oat. Noct. N. 

Am. p. 41. 
Acronycta fasciata, Wlk. ix. 62 (1856). 
Acronycta verrillii, Grote & Eob. Trans. Am. Ent. Soc. iii. p. 178, pi ii 

f. 82 (1870). 

Head and thorax grey mixed with brown and black ; 2nd joint 
of palpi with black band ; shoulders and outer edges of patagia 
with black stripes ; tarsi banded with black ; abdomen grey tinged 
with brown and irrorated with fuscous. Pore wing grey tinged 
with brown and irrorated with fuscous, the inner area suffused with 
brown to antemedial, medial or postmedial lines leaving some 
ochreous white on base of inner margin ; subbasal line represented 
by double black striee from costa and single striga from cell ; ante- 
medial line double, waved, nearly erect ; orbicular and renit'orm 
defined by black, the former round, the latter sufi'used with brown ; 
medial line oblique irom costa to renit'orm, inwardly oblique and 
dentate from lower angle of cell to inner margin ; postmedial line 
double filled in with whitish, the inner line indistinct, bent out- 
wards below costa, then dentate, strongly incurved below vein 3 
and angled outwards on vein 1, some brown suff'usion beyond it and 
a large patch between veins 3 and 1 and some whitish points on 
costa ; the veins of terminal area with dark streaks ; a whitish 
subterminal line defined on outer side by small dentate black 
marks ; a series of small black spots on termen and base of cilia, 



142 xoctttid.t:. 

which are whitish with slij^ht black lunules at tip. Hiud wing 
whitish, uniforml)' suffused with reddish hrown ; cilia white with a 
series of brown marks at base ; the underside white irrorated with 
brown, traces of a curved postmedial line and diffused subterminal 
band. 

Hah. Canada, Hudson's Bay (Barnston), 3 2 type and type 
faxciata, Ottawa (Fletcher, Saunders), 1 (5,4 $; Manitoba, Cart- 
wright (Heath), 3 c? , 1 5 ; U.S.A., Massachusetts, Cambridge 
(Verrill),! J fype verrillii, New York Garrison (Cor/cvrfZ/), 2 ^j' , 
New Jersey, Distr. of Columbia, AVashington, Illinois, Minnesota, 
Colorado, Glen wood Springs. Exp. 36-38 millim. 

Larva. Smith & Dyar, Pr. U.S. ISat. Miis. xxi. p. 160, pi. viii. ff. 33, 34. 

Head shining black. Body black ; warts large, the hairs in 
dense short tufts, pale yellow, leaving a rather broad bare dorsal 
space. Food-plant : Willow. — H. G. D. 

3731. Acronycta distans. (Plate CXXVI. fig. 21.) 

Jpatela distans, Grote, Can. Ent. xi. p. 58 (1879) ; Smith & Dyar, Pr. U.S. 
Nat. Mus. xxi. p. 1«1, pi xiii. ff. (i, 7 ; Smith. Cat. Noct. JV. Am. p. 42. 
Apatda dolorosa, Dyar, Can. Ent. xxxvi. p. 29 (1904). 

Head and thorax grey-white mixed with brown and black ; 2nd 
joint of palpi with black band ; shoulders and outer edges of patagia 
streaked with black ; the tarsi banded black and white ; alidomea 
whitish suffused with red-brown, the dorsal crest dark brown. 
Fore wing grey-white thickly irrorated with dark brown, the inner 
area suffused with dark brown to medial line leaving some whitish 
at base of inner margin ; subbasal line represented by double black 
striae from costa and single striga from cell with slight black streak 
beyond it in submedian fold defined by whitish above ; antemedial 
line double filled in with grey^ waved, nearly erect, the medial 
area with whitish streak in submedian fold ; orbicular and 
reniform defined by black, the former round with dark point in 
centre, the latter suffused with brown and with the black on outer 
edge reduced to points ; an obique dark bar from costa to reniform 
and indistinct oblique dentate line from lower angle of cell to inner 
margin ; postmedial line black, defined by whitish on inner side, 
bent outwards below costa, then rather strongly dentate, strongly 
incurved below vein 3 and angled outwards on vein 1, some whitish 
points with slight dark streaks between them beyond it on costa, 
the postmedial area suffused with brown; an indistinct whitish 
subterminal line with slight blackish marks on its outer edge, 
incurved in submedian interspace ; a series of small black spots on 
termen and base of cilia which have black strise at tips. Hind wing 
white, the base slightly tinged with yellowish, the veins and 
terminal area to vein 2 with brown ; the underside with the costal 
area slightly irrorated with brown, a small blackish discoidal spot. 

Ab, 1. dolorosa. Darker. — Br. Columbia. 

Bab. Canada, Ottawa (Fletcher), 1 cj , Montreal (Caidjield), 1 J , 



ACRONiCTA. 143 

1 2 ^yv^^ Manitolifi, Awerne (Cnddle), 2 S , Br. Coluraljia, Kaslo; 
U.S.A., New York, 1 J , i2 ? . E.v2o. 38-44 millim. 

Larva. Smith ADyur, Pr. U.S. Nat. Mas. xxi. p. 1(52. 

Head black, shining. Body black, reddish subventrally ; Avarts 
large, the hairs in dense tufts, red on joints 2-5 and 12-13, ptile 
yellow on the other segments. Food-plants : Willow, &c. — H. G. D. 

Ab. dolorosa. Same as A. distans, the amount of red hair 
variable, sometimes all the hairs red. — H. G. D. 



3732. Acronycta edolata. (Plate CXXVI. fig. 22.) 

Aipaiela edolata, Grote, Papilio, i. p. in.'i (1881); id. 111. Essav, 1882, 
p. 49, pi i. f. 4; Smith & Dyar, Pr. U.S. JMat. Mus. xxi. p. 164, pi. iv. 
f. 1 ; Smith, Cat. Noct. N. Am. p. 45. 

S . Head and thorax brownish white mixed with dark brown ; 
palpi whitish with black band on 2nd joint ; patagia broadly edged 
with dark brown ; tegiilae and thorax with paired dark brown 
stripes ; tibiae streaked with black ; abdomen grey irrorated with 
fuscous and dorsally tinged with brown. Fore wing purplish grey 
mostly suffused with black-brown, some whitish at base of inner 
margin, the veins with pale streaks to postmedial line; subbasal 
line represented by two very oblique black stride from costa; a 
slight black streak in submedian fold from base to antemedial line, 
Avhich is indistinct, double filled in with greyibh, oblique, angled 
outwards below costa, in submedian fold and above inner margin; 
orbicular indistinctly defined by black, small, rather elongate 
elliptical ; reniform absent ; postmedial line black defined by grey 
on inner side, bent outwards below costa, then strongl}' dentate, 
angled inwards in discal fold and strongly in submedian fold, then 
outwards on vein 1, some white points beyond it on costa; faint 
traces of an irregular whitish subterminal line, the area beyond it 
pale grey with strong black streaks in the interspaces intersecting 
the cilia. Hind wing pure white, the base, veins, costa, and apical 
part of termen slightly tinged with brown ; the underside with the 
costal area irrorated with brown, a slight dark mark on costa 
beyond middle. 

Huh. U.S.A., Arizona {Prescott), 2 J type. E.rp. 44-46 millim. 



3733. Acronycta lithospila. (Plate CXXVI. fig. 23.) 

Acronycta lithos'pila, Gtroie, Proc. Bost. Soc. N. H. xvi. p. 240 (1874); 
Smith & Dyar, Pr. U.S. Nat. Mus. xxi. p. 98, pi. i. f. 13 ; Smith, Cat. 
Noct. N. Am. p. 45. 

Head and thorax broAvn mixed with white; palpi white at base 
and with red-brown band on 2nd joint ; basal joint of antennte 
white in front; the back of head with Avhite streaks above eyes; 
tegulne with blackish medial streak ; prothorax with rufous patch ; 
tarsi fuscous slightly ringed Avith white ; abdomen grey irrorated 
•with, brown and suffused with reddish broAvn at base, the A-entral 



144 NocTurDJi. 

surface white. Fore wing grey-white, the costal half sntFused with 
brown, the inner half irrorated with brown, the median nervure 
and vein 1 defined by slight black streaks on each side on medial 
area and the veins of terminal area with slight dark streaks ; 
subbasal line represented by a very oblique black striga from costa 
with slight black streak beyond it on subcostal nervure; a fine 
black streak in submcdian fold from base to the antemedial line, 
which is represented by very oblique black streaks from costa, in 
cell and above inner margin and traces of a line from cell to vein 1 ; 
orbicular represented by two black points, with a slight whitish 
streak in discal fold from it to the reniform, which is defined by 
slight black points ; a slight very oblique medial black streak from 
costa ; postmedial line obsolescent, double towards costa, strongly 
bent outwards below costa, then dentate, excurved to vein 3, then 
angled inwards in submedian fold and outwards on vein 1, crossed 
by a black streak in submedian fold from well before It to termen ; 
the interspaces of terminal area with short black streaks. Hind 
wing semihyaliue white faintlv tinged with reddish brown especi- 
ally on the veins and apical area; the underside with the costal 
area slightly tinged with red-brown, traces of a discoidal point and 
curved postmedial line. 

Hub. Canada ; U.S.A., Massachusetts, New York, Evans Center 
(Grote), 3 (5, 1 5 type, Mississippi, Florida, Oregon, Portland, 
Colorado, Pacific Coast. Exp. 42 millim. 

Larva. Smith & Dyar, Pr. U.S. Nat. Mus. xxi. p. 99. 

Head with the vertex dotted with black on a red ground, pale 
on the face. Body green on the sides, a dorsal red-brown (or 
white) band that widens on joints 6-10, narrowly yellow-edged ; 
hairs sparse, fine, longer on joint 2. Food-plants : Chestnut, Oak, 
&c.— H. G. D. 

3734. Acronycta barnesi. (Plate CXXVI. fig. 24.) 

Acrom/cia barnesii. Smith, Ent, News Philad. viii. p. 153 (1897) ; Smith & 
Djar, Pr. U.S. Nat. Mus. xxi. p. 162, pi. xiii. f. 10 ; Dyar, Cat. Lep. N. 
Am. p. 104. 

J . Head and thorax grey- white largely mixed with black- 
brown ; 2nd joint of palpi with black band ; tegulae with brown 
patch at tips ; patagia broadly edged with black ; thorax with 
paired black stripes ; the tarsi banded black and white ; abdomen 
grey mixed with dark brown and dorsally suffused with brown. 
Fore wing grey-white thickly irrorated with black-brown ; a 
diffused black-brown fascia above vein 1 to medial line and a sliglit 
streak above inner margin from near base ; siibbasal line absent ; 
antemedial line very indistinct, double, oblique, angled outwards 
below costa and inwards below median nervure; orbicular and 
reniform absent; medial line formed by a curved series of small 
elongate dark marks ; postmedial line very indistinct, bent out- 
wards below costa, then dentate, oblique below vein 4 and with 
slight brown suffusion beyond it, with dark streaks from it to 



ACRONi'CTA. 145 

termen in discal and submedian folds ; a series of small blackish, 
spots just before termen; cilia chequered whitish and black-brown. 
Hind wing white, the base slightly tinged with yellowish, the 
apical part of termen slightly irrorated with brown ; the cilia with 
series of dark points from apex to vein 2 ; the underside with the 
costal area slightly irrorated with brown, a small blackish discoidal 
spot. 

Hah. U.S.A., Colorado, Glenwood Springs {Barnes), 2 cS . 
E.cp. 44 millim. 

3735. Acronycta perdita. (Plate CXXVI. fig. 25.) 

Acronycta perdita, GrotC; Can. Eat. vi. p. 154 (1874); Smith & Dyar, Pr. 
U.S. JMat. Mus. xsi. p. Itio, pi. iii. f. 6 ; Smith, Oat. Noct. N. Am. p. 42. 

Head and thorax purplish grey mixed with black ; the tegulse 
and thorax with paired blackish stripes ; tarsi black ringed with 
white ; abdomen grey thickly irrorated with dark brown, the base 
suffused with brown. Fore wing purplish grey thickly irrorated 
with black, the submedian interspace suffused with blackish to 
medial line ; subbasal line represented by double black stria; from 
costa ; antemedial line double, strong, very oblique towards costa, 
then waved ; orbicular and reniform defined by black, the former 
small, elongate elliptical, the latter filled in with brown and with 
the black on its outer edge reduced to spots ; medial line oblique 
and diffused from costa to reniform, indistinct, inAvardly oblique 
and somewhat dentate from lower angle of cell to inner margin ; 
po'itmedial line black defined by grey on inner side, strongly bent 
outwards below costa, then dentate, excurved to vein 4, then 
incurved and angled outwards on vein 1, some dark suffusion 
beyond it and a dark patch between veins 6 and 4 and fascia below 
vein 2 extending to near tertnen ; a series of small black spots just 
before termen ; cilia chequered grey and black-brown. Hind wing 
white, the veins and costal area tinged with brown in male, in 
female suffused with brown, the terminal area darker ; cilia white ; 
the underside white irrorated with brown, a brownish discoidal 
spot and traces of curved postmedial line. 

Hab, Canada, Br. Columbia, Peachland ; U.S.A., Washington, 
Easton, California (Behrens, D'Urban), 1 c? , 3 5 type, Sierra 
Nevada. Exp. 42-50 millim. 

Larva. Head shining black. Body black, the warts large ; the 
hairs in dense tufts, spinose, black, intermixed with a few pale 
ones. Food-plants : Alder, &c, — H. G, D, 

3736. Acronycta extricata. (Plate CXXVI. fig. 26.) 

Mastiphanes extricata, Grote, Bull. U.S. Geol. Geog. Surv. Terr. vi. p. 575 
(1882); Smith & D^ar, Pr. U.S. Nat. Mus. xxi. p. 165, pi. xiii. f. 9 ; 
Suiitb, Cat. Noct. N. Am. p. 45. 

Head and thorax bluish white mixed with black-brown ; 2nd 
joint of palpi with black band j lower part of frons black ; antennae 

VOL. VIII. I. 



146 noctuid.t;. 

with the basal joint white in front ; patagia edged with black ; 
tegulas and thorax with paired black stripes ; tibiae streaked with 
black, the tarsi banded with black ; abdomen pale grey irrorated 
with brown, the ventral surface white. Fore wing white thickly 
irrorated with dai'k brown ; subbasal line represented by a very 
oblique black striga from costa ; a black streak in submedian fold 
from base to the aiitemedial line, which is very indistinct, double, 
with oblique dark bar from costa, then strongly angled outwards in 
the interspaces and inwards on the veins; orbicular very small, 
round, whitish defined by black ; reniform represented by small 
dark spots at angles of cell, with a minute streak beyond upper 
angle and two beyond lower angle ; a rather diffused curved medial 
line; postmedial line with two very oblique dark streaks on costal 
area, then black defined by white on inner side, strongly dentate, 
excurved to vein 4, then incurved, crossed by a black streak in 
submedian fold from medial line to termen and with some whitish 
points beyond it on costa ; the interspaces of terminal area with 
black streaks, those above and below veins 5 and 2 extending to 
])ostmedial line, the streaks intersecting the cilia. Hind wing 
seraihyaline white, the apex slightly tinged with brown ; the 
underside with the costal area slightly irrorated with brown. 
1/ab. U.S.A., Texas, 2^,1$ type. Ex2^. c? 42, $ 52 millim. 

3737. Acronycta digna. 

Thalpophila digna, Biitl. Trans. Ent. Sue. 1881, p. 176; Staud. Cat. Lep. 

pal. p. l;33. 
Acronycta michael, Oberth. Et. Ent. x. p. 18, pi. ii. f. 13 (1884). 

S . Head and thorax whitish mixed with red-brown, the patagia 
and metathorax with white patches ; 2nd joint of palpi with 
blackish patch ; shoulders and outer edges of patagia with brown 
streaks ; tarsi brown ringed with white ; abdomen whitish suffused 
with red-brown. Fore wing grey-white irrorated and in parts 
suffused with red-browu, the antemedial costal area whiter ; sub- 
basal line represented by double brown striae from costa and single 
striga from cell with blackish streak from it to antemedial line, 
which is double, brown, angled outwards beloAV costa and inwards 
in submedian fold, then oblique, sinuous; orbicular and reniform 
defined by brown, the former small, round, with brown point in 
cent-re, the latter with brownish lunule on inner side of centre and 
its lower extremity produced ; a diffused brown striga from costa 
to reniform and incurved line from lower angle of cell to inner 
margin with short blackish streak before it above vein 1 ; post- 
medial line double filled in with white, the inner line rather 
indistinct, strongly bent outwards below costa, then incurved, 
angled outwards on veins 4, 3, then strongly incurved and bent 
outwards at vein 1, crossed by a minute dark streak in submedian 
fold and with some white points beyond it on costa ; the terminal 
area somewhat more suff'used with brown with a rather diffused 
Avhite subterminal line angled outwards at vein 7 and inwards at 



ACEONYCTA-. 147 

discol fold, excurved at middle, then incurved and with white 
streak in submedian fold from it to just before termen ; a terminal 
series of small brown lunules ; cilia red-brown intersected with 
white. Hind wing white slightly tinged with brownish yellow at 
base and on inner area ; the terminal area suffused with red-brown 
from apex to below vein 2 ; a terminal series of slight brown stria) 
from apex to vein 2 ; cilia white with faint brown spots on apical 
half; the underside with the costal area irrorated Avith brown, a 
slight brown discoidal spot, indistinct sinuous postmedial line and 
diffused subterminal band from costa to vein 2. 

2 . Hind wing strongly tinged with brownish yellow, the 
tprminal band extending to torn us leaving a yellowish patch on 
termen in submedian interspace. 

Bah. E. Siberia, Ussuri; Japan, Oiwake {Fryer), 1 5? Yoko- 
hama {Pryer), 3 J , 1 $ tjpe ; Coeea, Gensan (ito), 2 $ . E.vjp. 
42-52 millim. 



373S. Acronycta raphaelis. 

Acronpcfa rapkael, Oherih. Et. Ent, x. ]). 19, pi. 2. f. 9 (1884); Stand. 

Cat. Lep. pal. p. 13^3. 
Acronycta Jixseni, Grtes. Berl, ent. Zeit. 1888, p. 31 1. 

c? . Head and thorax reddish brown mixed with whitish : palpi 
with the 2iid joint blackish ; outer edges of patagla with blackish 
streak ; tarsi blackish with pale rings ; abdomen whitish suffused 
with red-brown, the basal crest black. Fore wing violaceous grey 
thickly irrorated and suffused with dark red-brown, the basal, 
costal, and inner areas pale; subbasal line represented by slight; 
double dark striae from costa ; a diffused blackish streak in sub- 
median fold from near base to antemedial line which is almost 
medial, double, oblique, nearly straight ; orbicular and reniform 
rather indistinctly defined by dark brown, the former round with 
brown centre, the latter suffused with brown ; a diffused dark bar 
from costa to reniform and oblique line from lower angle of cell to 
inner margin at antemedial line; postmedial line double, filled in 
with whitish, bent outwards below costa, then incurved, excurved 
at vein 4, then strongly incurved and rather oblique to inner 
margin, some whitish points beyond it on costa; subterminal 
line indistinct, grey, defined on inner side by an oblique dark bar 
from costa and on outer by slight dark spots, somewhat excurved 
below vein 7 and at middle, then incurved; cilia chequered dark 
red-brown and white. Hind wing white slightly suffused with 
red-brown, the terminal area someAvhat darker ; an indistinct 
discoidal spot and postmedial line incurved below vein 4; cilia 
Avhite with series of brownish spots at base : the underside white 
tinged with red-brown, the costal and terminal areas irrorated with 
red-brown, a dark bar from costa to discoidal spot and rather 
diffused postmedial line incurved below vein 4. 

Hah. E. Siberia, Amurland, 1 J, Ussuri. E.rp- 36 millim. 

l2 



148 N0CTUIDJ5. 

3739. Acronycta nibricoma. (Plate CXXVI. fig. 27.) 

Acronycta nibricoma, Guen. Noct. i. p. 49 (1852) ; Smith & Dyar, Pr. U.S. 
Ifat. Mus. xxi. p. 42, pi. 1. f. 4 ; Smith, Cat. Noct. N. Am. p. 42. 

Head and thorax grey- white mixed with fuscous brown ; paljii 
with brown mark on 2nd joint at side; autennse with the basal 
joint white in front; tegulse with fuscous tips ; tarsi banded witli 
fuscous; abdomen whitish, the basal half dorsally suifused with 
reddish ochreous, the terminal halt with brown. Fore wing white 
thickly irrorated with pale reddish brown, the veins with slight 
dark streaks ; subbasal line represented by double black striae from 
costa and a single striga from cell; antemedial line double, black, 
filled in with white, oblique, dentate, the outer line angled out- 
wards below costa, the inner inwards below the cell, angled inwards 
on vein 1 and bent imvards along inner margin to near base ; 
orbicular and reniform strongly defined by black, large, the former 
round, the latter with diffused fuscous in centre and oblique black 
striga above it from costa ; postmedial line double filled in with 
white, bent outwards below costa, then dentate, excurved to vein 4, 
then incurved, with faint diffused streak before and beyond it in 
discal fold, some dark suffusion beyond it in submedian interspace 
and some white points with slight dark streaks between them on 
costa ; a terminal series of small black lunules ; cilia chequered 
Avhite and fuscous. Hind wing Avhite tinged with reddish ochreous 
towards base, the veins dark ; an indistinct curved postmedial 
line and faint diffused subterminal band; a terminal series of 
slight dark striaj; cilia white with a faint dark line through them ; 
the underside white, the costal area and veins slightly irrorated 
wdth brown, an indistinct discoidal spot and crenulate postmedial 
line with dark streaks on the veins. 

Hah. Canada; U.S.A., New York, Long Island, Pennsylvania, 
Philadelphia, 1 c? , 1 5 ? Distr. of Columbia, Washington, Missouri, 
tSt. Louis, Texas, Dallas (Boll), 1 5 • Kr23. 44-50 millim. 

Larva. Smith & Dyar, Pr. U.S. Nat. Mus. xxi. p. 43, pi. tI. if. 14, 1.5. 

Head rounded, shining black or red, a white V-mark above 
mouth. Body C3lindrical, yellowish, with a broad, partl}^ geminate 
black dorsal band, containing pencils of w^hite hair on joints 6 to 
10 and 12. Other hair growing from the skin, dense, fine, white. 
Pood-plant: Hackberry (Oeltis occidentalis). — H. G. D. 

3740. Acronycta centralis. (Plate CXXVL fig. 28.) 

Acronycta centralis, Ei-sch. Fedch. Eeise, p. 37, pi. 3. f. 35 (1874); Stand. 
Cat. Lep. pal. jd. 131. 

S . Head, thorax, and abdomen grey-white mixed with fuscous ; 
tarsi ringed with fuscous. Pore wing grey-white thickly irrorated 
■with fuscous, the postmedial area rather darker; subbasal line 
absent; antemedial line indistinct, double, oblique, waved ; orbi- 
cular and reniform faintly defined by fuscous, the former moderate, 
round ; traces of a medial dark line toAvards costa ; postmedial line 



ACEONTCTA, 149 

fuscous, bent ouiwards below fosta, then indistinctly double, 
dentate, strongly incurved below vein 4, crossed by a fuscous streak 
in submedian fold extending to termen, some pale points beyond it 
on costa ; subterminal line only defined by the contrast between 
the postmedial and terminal areas, angled outwards at vein 7 and 
excurved at middle ; a terminal series of black strise. Hind wing 
white, the veins of terminal half tinged with brown, the termen 
slightly irrorated with brown; a dark terminal line; cilia chequered 
brownish and white ; the underside silvery white, the costal area 
slightly irrorated with brown, the veins of terminal half tinged 
with brown, a dark terminal line. 

Ab. 1. Fore wing with the lines more distinctly double, the 
postmedial line filled in with whitish and without the dark streak 
crossing it. — Persia. 

Hah. N.W. Peesia, Urumiah (Dalfry), 1 c? : W. Turkestan, 
Turcomania, 1 (S , Ferghana, Sarawschan. Exjy. 42 millim. 

3741. Acronycta megacephala. 

Noctua meqacej)hala, ScliifF. Wien. Verz. p. 67 (1776); Fabr. Mant. Ins. 
ii. p. 175 a787) ; Esp. Si^hmett. iv. p] 144. ff. 1-4 ; Hiibn. Eur. Sclimett., 
Noct. ff. 10, 11 ; Pup. Lep. Fr. vi. p. ii44, pi. 88. f. 6 ; Steph. 111. Brib. 
Ent., Haust. iii. p. 37; Stand. Cat. Lep. pal. p. 131. 

Acronycta grumi, Alph. Rom. M6in. ix. p. 3 (1897). 

Acronycta pulla , Sti-aud, Arch. Naturv. Christian, xxv. no. 9, p. 9(1903). 

S . Head and thorax fuscous brown mixed with grey-white ; 
2nd joint of palpi with black band ; shoulders and outer edges of 
patagia with black streaks ; tarsi banded black and white ; abdomen 
Avhitish suffused with brown and irrorated with black at extremity. 
Fore wing whitish almost entirely suffused and irrorated with 
black-brown ; subbasal line indistinct, double, waved, from costa 
to submedian fold ; antemedial dine double filled in with greyish, 
oblique, waved ; orbicular whitish defined by black and with slight 
dark centre, round; reniform slight defined by black on inner side, 
undefined on outer and with slight dark lunule in centre; an 
oblique dark striga from costa to reniform and traces of a waved 
line from cell to inner margin ; postmedial line double filled in 
with whitish, bent outwards below costa, then minutely dentate, 
incurved below vein 3, some white points beyond it on costa ; the 
veins of terminal area with slight dark streaks ; an indistinct 
pale lunulate subterminal line extending to the terminal series of 
blackish points ; cilia white with a series of black points. Hind 
wing pure white, the veins of terminal area streaked with brown ; 
a faint subterminal band of dark irroration and a fuscous mark in 
submedian fold; a terminal series of dark striaB ; cilia intersected 
by slight dark streaks ; the underside with the costal area slightly 
tinged and irrorated with brown, a blackish discoidal spot, post- 
medial series of minute dark streaks on the veins and terminal 
series of small lunules. 

$ . Hind wing more suffused with browu. 



loO noctuid.t;. 

Ab. 1. ijulla. Head, thorax, abdomen, and fore wing suffused 
Avith fuscous, leaving the orbicular annulus white. 

Ab. 2. grumi. Fore -vvina; narrower, the antemedial area whiter ; 
hind wing wholly white. — Thian-Shan Mts. 

Hab. BEiTAm, Leech Coll. ; France, Sand Coll. ; Denmark, Leech 
Coll. ; Germany, Zeller and Leech Colls. ; Austria ; Hungary ; 
Swiiv^ERLAND, Frey Coll.; Spain; LrALY ; Scandinavia; Edssia, 
Livonia, Zeller Coll. ; Armenia ; Asia Minor, Eithynia ; Persia ; 
AV. Siberia; Mongolia, Thian-Shan Mts. ; E. Siberia, Amurland. 
Ed'p. 40-46 millini. 

L/arva. Meyr. Brit. Lep. p. 142 ; Barrett, Lep. Brit. iii. p. 234, pi. 120. f. 3. 

Dark fuscous or grey above, paler at sides ; numerous pale 
yellowish pubescent points forming ill-defined lines; lOlh somite 
Avith a pale yellow or white dorsal patch ; numerous pale or white 
hairs; head black marked with white. Food-plants: Poplar or 
I'arely Sali^v. 7-9. 

3742. Acronycta tiena. (Plate CXXVI. fig. 29.) 

Acronycta tiena, Piing. Iris, xix. p. 216, pi. 8. f. 10 (1906). 

Head and thorax grey mixed Avith brown and fuscous ; palpi 
Avith the 2nd joint blackish at sides ; tarsi blackish ringed with 
Avhite ; abdomen Avbite suffused with brown, leaving white seg- 
mental bands and the base Avhite. Fore wing grey-Avhite thickly 
irrorated and suffused with blackish ; subbasal line indistinct, 
double, blackish, from costa to submedian fold ; antemedial line 
indistinct, double, oblique, angled outwards below costa, inwards 
on vein 1 and excurved in suhmedian interspace and above inner 
margin; orbicular defined by blackish, small, round ; reniform very 
indistinctly defined, Avith dark lunule on inner side of centre ; an 
oblique blackish shtide from costa to reniform ; postmedial line 
double with Avhite lunules on it above and beloAV vein 1 ; bent 
outwards below costa, then minutely dentate, excurved to vein 4, 
then strongly incurved, some pale points beyond it on costa ; sub- 
terminal line represented by a series of dark spots in the inter- 
spaces ; a terminal series of black striae ; cilia chequered grey and 
fuscous. Hind Aving pure AA^hite with slight broAvn terminal line 
from apex to vein 2 ; the underside Avith the costal area irrorated 
with a fcAV brown scales, a small dark discoidal spot. 

Huh. E. Turkestan, Hi in Coll. Piingeler, Alexander Mts. ; 
W. China, Moupin {Kricheldorf), 2 c? . Exj). 46 millim. 

3743. Acronycta bicolor. (Plate CXXVI. fig. 30.) 

Avrom/cta hieolor, Moore, P. Z. S. 1881, p. 332; Ilmpsn. Moths Ind. ii. 
p. 243. 

Head and thorax bhick, Avith a few Avhite scales ; tarsi ringed 
with whitish ; abdomen grey suffused with brown. Fore wing 
black-brown slightly irrorated with grey ; subbasal line represented 
by indistinct double black striae from costa and single striga from 



ACKONYCTA. 



151 



cell ; antemedial line indistinct, double, oblique, waved ; orbicular 
and reniform faintly defined by black, the former round ; traces of 
a waved medial line incurved below the cell ; postmedial line in- 
distinct, double, with whitish lunule on it below submedian fold, 
bent outwards below eosta, then waved, incurved below vein 3 and 
angled outwards on vein 1, some minute whitish points bej'ond it 
on costa ; an indistinct subterminal series of dark marks in the 
interspaces ; a terminal series of black points with blackish marks 
beyond them on the cilia. Hind wing pure white ; the veins 
tinged with brown ; cilia white mixed with brown and with series 
of small dark spots ; the underside with the costal area irrorated 
with brown, a slight discoidal spot. 

Hah. Punjab, Kulu, Sultanpur (6r. Young), 1 S -, Simla {Read, 
Harford), 3 d" , 1 $ type, Dharrasala {Hocking), (5 $. Exp. 44- 
54 millim. 

3744. Acronycta tetulse. (Plate CXXVI. fig. 31.) 

Acrom/cta hetulm, Eiley, Bull. Brooklyn Ent. Soc. vii. p. 2, f. 1 (1884); 
Smith & Dyai-, Pr. U.S. Nat. Mus. xxi. p. 75, pi. ii. f. 19 ; Smith, Cat. 
Noct, N. Am. p. 37. 

J . Head, "thorax, and abdomen ochreous white ; palpi with 
brown band on 2nd joint: abdomen dorsal!}^ suffused with fulvous 
yellow except at base. Fore wing ochreous white sparsely irro- 
rated with dark scales ; subbasal line represented by a faint dark 
point on costa ; antemedial line indistinct, dark, oblique, waved ; 
orbicular and reniform ochreous faintly defined by rufous, the 
former moderate, round ; postmedial line rufous defined by whitish 
on inner side and with some ochreous suffusion on outer, bent out- 
wards below costa, incurved at discal fold, dentate at veins 4, 3, 
then strongly angled inwards in submedian fold and outwards on 
vein 1 ; traces of a waved subterminal line from costa to vein 6. 
Hind wing whitish suffused with reddish ochreous especially on 
inner area ; a slight dark discoidal point and traces of a diffused 
curved postmedial band ; the underside ochreous white, a slight 
dark spot at middle of cell and discoidal spot, traces of a curved 
postmedial line with dark spots at discal and submedian folds, a 
terminal series of dark points. 

Hal. U.S.A., New Hampshire, Jefferson, New York, Long 
Island, Distr. of Columbia, Washington, 1 S , Pennsylvania, 
Missouri. E.vp. 42 millim. 

Larva. Smith & Dyar, Pr. U.S. Nat. Mus. xxi. p. 76, pi. v. ff. 4, 5. 

Head mottled with black below, red on the vertices of lobes ; 
body flattened, with a fringe of hairs along the subventral edge, 
brown, the dorsal tubercles dark, the lateral ones pale ; hairs short, 
sparse, growing from the skin. Food-plant : Birch. — H. G, D. 

3745. Acronycta americana. (Plate CXXVI. fig. 32.) 

Phaleena aceris, Smith & Abbot, Ins. Georgia, ii. p. 185, pi. 93 (1797), nee 

Linn. 
AxMtela americana, Harris, Kept. Ins. Mass. p. 317 (1841); id. Ins. Inj. 



152 NOCTtJIDiE. 

Veg. ; Flint eti. p. 436, ff. 216-218 ; Smith, Pr. U.S. Nat. Mus. sxi. 

p. 44, pi. i. f. 2 ; Smith, Oat. Noct. N. Am. p. 40. 
Acronycia acericola, Guen. Noct. i. p. 48 (1852); Smith, Cat. Noct. 

N. Am. p. 41. 
Apatela ohscura, H. Edw. Ent. Am. ii. p. 169 (1886). 

Head and thorax grey-white mixed with fuscous brown ; 2nd 
joint of palpi and frons with black patches at sides ; shoulders 
with black streaks ; abdomen grej'-white irrorated with brown, the 
ventral surface white with slight brown sublateral streaks. Fore 
wing grey-white irrorated with brown ; a small blackish spot at 
base ; subbasal line represented by a black striga from costa ; ante- 
medial line double, oblique, the lines widely separated, irregular, 
the outer line angled outwards below costa, the inner line inwards 
below the cell ; orbicular and reniform defined by fuscous, the 
former small, round, the latter with irregular line in centre, an 
oblique diffused shade above it from costa and a slight obliquely 
sinuous line from lower angle of cell to inner margin ; postmedial 
line double filled in with white, bent outwards below costa, then 
rather strongly dentate, excurved to vein 4, then incurved, with 
slight brown shade beyond it in submedian interspace, slight 
dark streak from it to termen in submedian fold and some white 
points on costa ; the veins of terminal area with slight dark streaks ; 
subterminal line absent ; a terminal series of black points with 
slight dark streaks from them intersecting the cilia. Hind wing 
grey-white tinged with brown and with reddish ochreous at base, 
the veins rather darker ; a faint curved postmedial line and ter- 
minal series of slight dark lunules ; cilia white ; the underside 
white slightly irrorated with brown, a blackish discoidal lunula 
and minutely waved postmedial line. 

Hah. Canada, Ontario, London {Saunders), 3 5 -, Manitoba, 
Aweme (Cnddle), 1 $ ; U.S.A., Eastern States and West to Utah, 
New Hampshire, Massachusetts, Beverly (Paclxird), 1 § , New 
York (Doubleday, Scudder), 1 cJ , 1 $ , Evans Center (Grote), 2 d" , 
3 2 1 Distr. of Columbia, Washington, Pennsylvania, Mt. Airey, 
Georgia, Virginia, Texas. E.ij). 60-68 millim. 

Larva. Smith & Dyar, Pr. U.S. Nat. Mus. xxi. p. 46, pi. vi. f. 17. 

Head shining black. Body whitish, a double dorsal and lateral 
black line, more or less broken ; dorsum of joints 12-13 black ; 
hairs fine, long, pale yellow, growing from the skin, with a pair of 
slender long black pencils on joints 5 and 7 and a single one on 
joint 12 ; feet black. Eood- plant : Maple {Acer). — }i. G. D. 

3746. Acronycta hesperida. (Plate CXXVII. fig. 1.) 

Acronycta Aes;9mcZa, Smith, Ent. News Philad. viii. p. 148(1897) ; Smith 
& Dyar, Pr. U.S. Nat. Mus. xxi. p. 49, pi. x, f. 9; Dyar, Cat. Lep. 
N. Am. p. 99. 

$. Head and thorax grey-white mixed with fuscous brown; 
palpi and frons with dark brown patches at. sides ; patagia with 
black streaks on upper edges at base ; abdomen grey-white suffused 



ACEONTCTA. 153 

and irrorated with fuscous brown. Fore wing grey-white very 
thickly irrorated with fuscous brown • subbasal line represented by 
a slight dark striga from costa ; anteraedial line very indistinct, 
double, rather diffused, oblique, angled outwards below costa and 
above inner margin and inwards just below cell; orbicular and 
reniform suffused with fuscous and defined by blackish, the former 
small, irregularly rounded, and rarely with a slight dark streak 
from its lower extremity to the latter, which is narrow and bar- 
shaped ; postmedial line double filled in with whitish, the outer 
line formed by small rather diffused blaclv luuules, bent outwards 
below costa and incurved below vein 4, with some dark suffusion 
beyond it in submedian interspace, slight black streak in submedian 
fold and minute white points on costa; the postmedial area slightly 
tinged with brown ; subterminal line absent ; a series of small 
blackish spots on termen and base of cilia. Hind wing white 
tinged with brown, the veins brown ; a terminal series of slight 
brown points ; cilia white with slight brown line at tips ; the 
underside white irrorated with brown, a brown discoidal spot and 
diffused postmedial line excurved to vein 4, then incurved. 

Ilab. Canada, Manitoba, Aweme {Oriddh), 1 2 , Br. Columbia, 
Kaslo (Mrs. JVicJioU), 1 $ , Victoria, 1 2 ? Vancouver, Nanaimo ; 
U.S.A., Washington, Seattle, Tacoma, California. Exj). 56-64 
millim. 

Larva. Head shining black. Body black, clothed with short 
dense even hairs forming rings on the segments, the incision bare ; 
bright red-brown dorsally, whitish laterally ; a single black hair- 
pencil on joints 5, 7, and 12. Feet black. Food-plant : Ahius. — 
H. G. D, 



*3747. Acronycta hastnlifera, 

Phalcsna hastidifera, Smith & Abbot, Ins, Georgia, ii. p. 183, pi, 92 (1797) ; 
Smith & Dyar, Pr. U.S. ^at. Mus. xxi. p. 47, pis. li. f. 12 & iii. f. 6 ; 
Smith, Cat. Noct. N. Am. p. 41, 

J . Head and thorax whitish grey with slight dark irroration ; 
abdomen white irrorated with brown. Fore wing whitish grey 
with slight dark irroration ; subbasal line absent or represented at 
costa only ; antemedial line incomplete, oblique, double, the inner 
line more prominent, represented by a small spot on costa, slight 
dentate mark just below cell and faint patch on inner margin at 
middle ; orbicular defined by black, small or large, round or ellip- 
tical ; reniform large, incompletely defined and with dark lunule in 
centre; medial shade oblique from costa to reniform, then in- 
distinct ; postmedial line single, black, sometimes defined on inner 
side by a pale shade, and on outer by a dark shade, bent outwards 
below costa, then dentate, slightly incurved at discal fold, incurved 
below vein 4, crossed by a black streak in submedian fold not 
reaching termen ; a series of black spots on termen and base of 
cilia. Hind wdng whitish faintly tinged with yellow, a terminal 



154 Nocruii)^. 

series of dark Innules ; the underside whitish with some dark 
irroration, a dark discoidal spot. 

5 . Head, thorax, and fore wing bluer grey ; hind wing tinged 
with fuscous brown and with more or less distinct postmedial line 
on underside. 

Hah. Canada; U.S.A., Massachusetts, New York, Pennsylvania, 
New Jersej'', Distr. of Columbia, Georgia, Centr. States, California. 
Exp. 42-50 millim. This species is unknown to me. 

Larva. Smith & Dyar, Pr. U.S. Nat. Mus. sxi. p. 49, pi. vi. ff 12, 13. 

Head shining black. Eody dark brown, evenly clothed with short 
dense hairs growing from the skin, black intermixed with white 
dorsally, red-brown laterally ; no hair-pencils ; feet black. Food- 
plant : Alder (^Alnus). — H. G. D. 



3748 . Acronycta dactylina. (Plate CXXVII. fig. 2.) 

Acrmiycfa dactylina, Grote, Proc. Bost. Soc. N. H. xvi. p. 239 (1874); 
Smith & Dyar, Pr. U.S. Nat. Mus. xxi. p. 51, pi. i. f. 3; Smith, Cat. 
JVuct. N. Am. p. 40. 

S . Head and thorax violaceous grey mixed with dark iron-brown ; 
sides of palpi and frons with black-brown patches ; shoulders 
with blackish streaks ; tarsi banded with blackish ; abdomen whitish 
suffused and irrorated with dark iron-brown. Fore wing violaceous 
grey thickly irrorated with iron-brown ; subbasal line represented 
by a diffused oblique brown striga from costa ; autemedial line in- 
distinct, double, oblique, dentate, the lines rather widely separated ; 
orbicular slightly defined by brown, small, round ; reniform a 
diffused brown lunule with oblique brown shade above it from costa ; 
an oblique sinuous rather diffused brown line from lower angle of 
cell to inner margin : postmedial line double at costa, then defined 
by whitish on inner side, dentate, strongly incurved below vein 4 
and with an oblique black striga before it below vein 2 ; the post- 
medial area suffused with iron-brown and with some whitish points 
on costa ; subterminal line absent ; a terminal series of small black 
lunules with brown spots beyond them on the cilia. Hind wing 
white, the veins tinged with brown ; a terminal series of dark 
striae ; the underside with the costal area slightly irrorated with 
brown, a dark discoidal spot. 

5 . Darker, hind wing wholly suffused and irrorated -with brown, 
the terminal area rather darker, an indistinct sinuous postmedial 
line ; cilia white ; the underside white irrorated with brown, a 
brown discoidal spot and minutely waved postmedial line iucursred 
below vein 4. 

JIah. Canada, Quebec, Ottawa (Gibson), 1 c? ; U.S.A., Maine, 
New Hampshire, Massachusetts, New York, 1 cS , 1 2 typ®^ Distr. 
of Columbia, Minnesota, Colorado. E.vp. <S 56, $ 62 millim. 

Larva. Smith & Dyar, Pr. U.S. Nat. Mus. xxi. p. 52, pi. vii. ff. 18, 19. 

As in ^. Tiesperida, but the bands of hair less of a reddish brown, 
more purplish. — H, G. D. . 



ACEOKTCTA. 155 

3749. Acronycta insita. (Plate CXXVII. fig. 3.) 

Acronycfa insita, Wlk. ix. 61 (1S56) ; Smitli, Oat. Noch. N. Am. p. 41. 
Acronycta de^ivera. Smith, J. N.Y. Ent. Soc. xiii. p. 189 (1905). 

cf . Head, thorax, and abdomen white mixed with fuscous brown ; 
sides of palpi and frons brown. Pore wing white irrorated with 
pale brown, the veins with slight dark streaks ; subbasal line 
represented by a faint dark mark on costa ; autemedial line double, 
the two lines rather widely separated especially towards costa, 
somewhat angled outwards below costa and inwards in submedian 
fold, then oblique and excurved above inner margin ; orbicular a 
rounded dark annulus on the outer antemedial line ; reniform a 
small lunule defined hx blackish at sides on a diffused brown mark ; 
postmedial line black defined by white on inner side, strongly bent 
outwards below costa, then minutelj^ dentate, slightly angled in- 
wards in discal fold and strongly incurved below vein 4, with 
oblique black striae before it above vein 5 and below 2 and black 
streak from it to termen in submedian fold ; subterminal line 
absent ; a terminal series of small black spots with streaks from 
them intersectins: the cilia, a double spot on each side of sub- 
median fold. Hind wing white, the veins and terminal area very 
slightly irrorated with brown ; a fine dark terminal line, the under- 
side with dark discoidal spot. 

5 . More thickly irrorated with brown. 

Hah. Canada, Ontario, Orillia {Buah), 1 § type; U.S.A., New 
York, 3 J , 1 5 , Colorado, Denver, 1 J ootype denvera. Exp. 
52-54 millim. 

Larva. Head white, blotched with black. Body yellowish, the 
hairs long, soft, fine, growing from the skin, yellow ; no pencils. 
Food-plant : Poplar.— H. G. D. 

3750. Acronycta innotata. (Plate CXXVII. fig. 4.) 

Acronycta innotata, Guen. Noct. i. p. 50 (1862); Smith & Djar, Pr. U.S. 

Nat. Miis. xxi. p. 73, pi. ii. ff. 17, 18 ; Smith, Cat. Noct. N. A.ni. p. 88. 
Dij)htera grafii, Grote, Proc. Ent. Soc. Phil. ii. p. 68, pi. 3. f. 6 (1863). 
Apatela griseor, Dyar, Can. Ent. xxsvi. p. 29 (190J:). 

(S . Head and thorax white tinged with pale brown ; palpi with 
black spots at side of 2nd joint; antennae black except at base ; 
shoulders with black streaks : tegulae with slight dark streaks at 
middle ; abdomen white slightly mixed with fuscous. Fore wing 
white slightly tinged with brown and irrorated with fuscous ; a 
black point at base ; subbasal line represented by a black point on 
cosia, the antemedial line by oblique black rather diffused striae 
from costa, cell and inner margin ; orbicular represented by a 
fuscous point, the reniform a diffused fuscous lunule ; a slight 
medial blackish striga from costa ; postmediul line with black 
striga from costa, strongly bent outwards and interrupted below 
costa, then black defined "by white on inner side, minutely waved, 
slightly incurved at discal fold and strongly below vein 4, angled 
outwards at vein 1, with slight black marks before it below vein 2 



156 NocTUiD.?:. 

and on inner margin and some dark suffusion be)-ond it with white 
points on costa; subterminal line absent; a series of small black 
spots on termen and base of cilia. Hind wing silvery white with 
faint discoidal spot, traces of postmedial line and terminal series 
of small blackish spots ; the underside with black discoidal spot, 
indistinct waved postmedial line, and terminal series of small black 
spots. 

$ . Slightly browner, the hind wing somewhat more irrorated 
with fuscous. 

Ab. 1. (jriseor. Somewhat larger, fore wing more irrorated with 
fuscous and the lines more distinctly defined by black. — Br. 
Columbia. 

Hah. Caxada (JSforman), 1 c? , Ottawa (Gibson, Yoking, Scnmders), 
2 J, 52, Ontario, London, Manitoba, Aweme {Griddle), i 5, Br. 
Columbia, Kaslo ; U.S.A., Maine, New Hampshire, Jefferson, New 
York, Kochester, Ithaca, Long Island, Evans Center (Grote), 2 J, 
'6 5 , Trenton Falls {Boubleduj/), 1 J , 1 $ type, Pennsylvania, Distr. 
of Columbia, Washington. Kvp. 35-47 millim. 

Larva. Beutennniller, Ent. News Philad. ii. p. 153 (1891). 

Head whitish, the vertices of the lobes black ; body grey-brown; 
warts i and ii black ; two lateral series of yellow si)ots between 
them ; secondary hairs sparse, whitish ; ventral surface grey, 
Pood-plant : ? Hickory. 

Ab. griseor.—Head mottled with black beloAV, red on the vertices 
of the lobes. Body flattened, with a fringe of hairs along the 
subventral edge ; brown, the dorsal tubercles dark, the lateral ones 
pale ; hairs short, sparse, growing from the skin. Pood-plant : 
Birch.— H. G. D. 

*3751. Acronycta othello. (Plate CXXVII. fig. 5.) 

Acronycta othello, Smith, Ann. N.Y. Ac. Sci. xviii. p. 94 (1908). 

Head and thorax whitish grey mixed with fuscous black, the 
vertex of head black, the tegulse mostly black, the edges of patagia 
and vertex of thorax black ; tarsi fuscous, ringed with white ; 
abdomen fuscous grey, the ventral surface whitish. Fore wing 
with the basal area bluish grey suffused with black, the medial area 
below and beyond the cell black, the terminal area grey with the 
veins streaked with black ; autemedial line double, black, obliquely 
excurved and waved ; orbicular defined by black, small, round ; 
reniform incompletely defined by black, small or moderate, obscured 
by the medial shade ; postmedial line double, black, the outer line 
more distinct, bent outwards below costa, then dentate, strongly 
incurved below vein 4, a black streak from it to termen in sub- 
median fold ; subterminal line absent ; cilia intersected with black. 
Hind wing of male white, in female suffused with greyish fuscous ; 
the underside white irrorated with fuscous, a small black discoidal spot. 

Hab. U.S.A., Californi;i, San Diego. Exp. 44 millim. This 
species is unknown to me ; figured from a drawing from type in 
Coll. J. B. Smith. 



ACROXYCXA. 157 

3752. Acronycta longa. (Plate CXXYII. fig. 6.) 

Acronycta luvga, Guen. Noct. i. p. 54 (1852). 

Acronycta xyUnoides, Guen. Noct. i. p. 56 (1852). 

Acronycta, xyliniforniis, Guen. Noct. iii. p. 400 (1852) ; Smith & Dyar, Pr. 

U.S. Nat, Mas. xxi. p. 166, pi. iv. ff. 5, 10, 12, 15; Smith, Cat. Nuct. 

N. Am. p. 45. 
Apatela pallidicoma, Grote, Bull. U.S. Geol. Geog. Surr. Terr, iv. p. 169 

(1878) ; Smith, Cat. Noct. N. Am. p. 45. 

Head and thorax grey- white or purplish grey mixed with brown ; 
palpi white, the 2nd joint black at sides ; vertex of head with 
paired black streaks ; tegulse with dorsal black streak ; shoulders 
and outer edges of patagia streaked with black ; tibise streaked with 
black, the tarsi banded with black ; abdomen pale rufous slightly 
irrorated with fuscous, the ventral surface white. Fore wing grey- 
white or purplish grey slightly tinged with reddish brown and more 
or less irrorated with black, some white at base of inner margin ; 
subbasal line represented by double dark striae from costa ; a slight 
black streak in submedian fold from base to the antemedial line, 
which is double, oblique, waved, angled outwards below costa, very 
indistinct except the outer line towards costa ; the medial area with 
black streak above vein 1 ; orbicular and reuiform defined by black 
with white patch between them in cell, the former small, round, 
the latter with the black reduced to points on outer side ; an 
oblique dark striga from costa to reniform ; postmedial line black 
defined by white on inner side, double at costa, bent outwards 
below costa, then strongly dentate, oblique below vein 4, angled 
inwards in submedian fold and outwards on vein 1, crossed by a 
black streak in submedian fold from well before it to termen 
towards which it forks and with some white points beyond it on 
costa; traces of a whilish subterminal line, angled inwards in sub- 
median fold and with blackish streaks beyond it in the interspaces 
intersecting the cilia. Hind wing pure white, in female usually 
more or less suffused with brown especially on terminal area, the 
ape-x; faintly tinged with brown ; the underside with the costal area 
slightly irrorated with brown. 

Hab. Canada ; U.S.A., 3 d" , 2 ? , New York, 3 $ type palli- 
dlcomma, llhode I., 1 2 ? Dislr. of Columbia, Washington, Illinois, 
Carbondale, 1 5 , Missouri, 1 J, Florida (Doitbledcaj), 1 $ , Texas. 
Kvp. 34-50 millim. Type t xylinoides in Mus. Paris. 

iMwa. Smith & Dyar, Pr. U.S. Nat. Mus. xxi. p. 168, pi. viii. f. 35. 

Head shining black or red. Body blackish, shading to red below, 
warts large ; the hairs in dense tufts, spinose, brown, mixed with 
short feathery white ones on wart i. on joints 5 to 11; hairs of 
joint 5 blackish or red. Food-plants : Low bushes. — H. G. D, 

3753. Acronycta sperata. (Plate CXXVII. fig. 7.) 

Acronycta sperata, Grote, Bull. Buff. Soc. Nat. Sci. i. p. 81, pi. ii. f. 1 
(1873); Smith & Dyar, Pr. U.S. Nat. Mus. xxi. p. 154, pi. ii. f. 6; 
Smith, Oat. Noct. N. Am. p. 45. 

Acronycta speratina, Smith, J. N.Y. Eiit. Soc. xiii. p. 190 (1905). 



158 koctdid.t:. 

Head and thorax white mixed with dark brown ; 2nd joint of 
palpi banded with black ; shoulders with blackish stripes ; fore 
tarsi banded with black ; abdomen white irrorated and suffused 
with brown. Fore wing white thickly irrorated with brown and 
suffused with brown bej'ond the medial and postmedial lines ; sub- 
basal line represented by double dark striae from costa; antemedial 
lino double, oblique, waved ; orbicular and reniform with brown 
centres defined by blackish, the former very small, round, the latter 
large ; medial line oblique from costa to reniform, angled outwards 
at lower angle of cell aud on vein 1, the brown suffusion beyond it 
strong ; postmedial line black defined by whitish on inner side, 
double at costa, bent outwards below^ costa, then dentate, slightly 
incurved at discal fold, incurved below vein 4, some white points 
beyond it on costa ; a diffused whitish subterminal line slightly 
defined by brown on outer side and very slightly excurved below 
vein 7 and at middle ; a series of small blackish spots on termen 
and base of cilia defined by whitish marks on inner side. Hind 
wing pure white, the apex slightly tinged with brown ; the under- 
side with the costal area irrorated Avith brown. 

Ab. 1. speratina. Rather larger and paler, fore wing with the 
markings more difi'used, — Colorado. 

Hab. Canada, Manitoba, Aweme {Criddle), 1 $ ; U.S.A., Massa- 
chusetts, Newton, 2 S fype, New York, 3 5 •, Center {Bailey), 1 5 , 
IJistr. of Columbia, Illiuois, Missouri, Colorado, Denver. Exp. 
34-a8 millira. 

Lurvn. Smith & Dyar, Pp. U.S. Nat. Mus. ssi. p. 155, pi. tiii. ff. 31, 32. 

Keddish broAvn, the body shaded with blackish, more especially 
dorsally ; warts large with thick clusters of brown spinose hairs. 
Food-plants : Low bushes. — H. G. D. 

3754. Acronycta euphorbiae. 

Kociua euphorhiff'., Scliiff. Wien. Verz. p. 67 (1776); Fabr. Mant. Ins. ii. 

p. 174 (17S7) ; Esp. Schmett. iv. pi. 117. ff. 1-3 ; Hubn. Eur. Sebmett., 

Noct. ff. 12 & 529 ; Dup. Lep. Fr. vi. p. 247, p). 88. f. 3 ; Heri-.-Scbatf. 

Eur. Schmett., Noct. ff. 375, 377 ; Frr. Neue Eeitr. pis. 177, 538 ; Staud. 

Cat. Lep. pal. p. 133. 
I^octiia obticura, Strom, Dansk Vid. Selsk. Skr. 1783, p. 79. 
]Soctua euphrasice, Brahm, Ins. Kal. ii. p. 143 (1791); Dup. Lep. Fr. vi. 

p. 250, d1. 88. f. 4 ; Herr.-SchafiF. Eur. Schmett., Noct. ff. 373-4 ; Frr. 

Neue Beitr. pi. 537. 
JS'octua emdcB, Hiibn. Eur. Schmett.. Noct. f. 613 (1818). 
JS'nciua cyparissa, Hiibn. Eur. Schmetr., Noct. f. 615 (1818). 
ISoct'ua ahsoondlta, Herr.-Scbaff. Eur. Schmett., Noct. ii. ff. 87-89 (1845),. 

nee Treit. 
Acronycta montivaga, Guen. Noct. i. p. 57 (1852). 
Acronycta myruee, Guen. Noct. i. p. 59 (1852). 

S . Head and thorax white mixed with black, the head slightlj'- 
tinged with ochreous : palpi with the 2nd joint blackish ; irons 
with blackish bar ; fegulao slightly tipped with black ; tarsi blackish 
ringed with while ; abdomen whitish mixed with fuscous brown. 
Fore wing grcy-whilc thickly irrorated with black ; subbasal line 



.ACROIVYCIA. 159 

represented bj- slight blackish strite from costa and cell ; antemedial 
line rather indistinct, double, the lines rather widely separated 
towards costa on which are small black spots, oblique, waved, 
angled inwards on vein 1 ; orbicular defined by black and with 
dark point in centre, small, round; reniform defined by black, the 
black on outer edge reduced to points, the centre suffused witli 
fuscous ; an oblique black striga from costa to reniform and oblique 
waved line from lower angle of coll to inner margin ; postmedial 
line black defined by whitish lunules on inner side, bent outwards 
below costa, then dentate, strongly incurved below vein 3 and 
angled outwards on vein 1, some whitish suffusion beyond it on 
costa ; subterminal line represented by a series of slight Avhitish 
■marks in the interspaces except at middle with slight dentate 
blickish marks on their outer side ; a terminal series of blackish 
points with slight blackish streaks from tliem intersecting the cilia. 
Hind wing pure white with slight dark irroration on the veins 
towards termen on which is a series of slight dark spots ; the 
underside with the costal area slightly irrorated with brown, a 
small indistinct discoidal spot. 

2 . Hind wing fuscous brown, the cilia white. 

Ab. 1. nbscura. Larger and darker. — Alps, Norway. 

Ab, 2. myricce. Smaller and darker. — Britain mountains, Tar- 
bagatai Mts. 

Ab. 3. euphrasice. Paler, w^hitish or yellowish grey. — S. Europe. 

Ab. 4, esulcc. Fore wing suffused with brown. 

Sab. Britain, Forres, liannoch. Leech Coll., England, Leech Coll. ; 
France, Sand and Leech Colls. ; Grrmaxy, Zeller, Frey and Leech 
Colls.; AiJSTRiv; Hungary, Leech Coll. ; Switzerland, Zeller and 
Frey Colls. ; Spain ; Italy ; Sicily, Zeller Coll. ; Halmatia ; 
Balkan States; Scandinavia; Ritssia ; Armenia; Asia Minor; 
Siberia ; W. Turkestan, Tarbagatai Mts. ^.t^j. 32-40 millim. 

Larva. Me^r. Brit. Lep. p. 143; Barrett, Lep. Brit. iii. p. 263, pi. 122. f. 3. 

Black, the segmental incisions greenish grey, sometimes mostly 
suffused with whitish ; subdorsal series of whitish or pale vellow 
trilobate spots; subspiracular line orange-red; 2nd somite with 
orange- red band ; fascicles of black hair mixed with whitish ; head 
black. Food-plants : Myrica, Erica., Birch, &c. 8-9. 



3755. Acronycta abscondita. 

Acronycta abscondita, Treit. Sch:nett. Eur. x. 2. p. 5 (1835) ; Frr. Neue 
Beitr. pi. ]78; Herr.-Schiiff. Eur. Sehmett., Noct. f. 378 ; Stand. Cat. 
Lep. pal. p. 133. 

INociua euphorbim, Herr.-Sehaff. Eur. Sehmett., Noct. f. 376 (nee Schiff.). 

J . Head and thorax grey-white mixed with fuscous black ; 
palpi with the 2nd joints blackish ; tarsi blackish ringed with 
white ; abdomen whitish suffused with brown, the basal crest black 
and white. Fore wing grey-white almost entirely suflused and 
irrorated with fu&cous brown, the veins with sliglit dark streaks ; 



160 NOCIUID^H. 

subbasal lino represented by traces of a dark striga from costa ; 
aiitemedial line indistinct, double, waved, slightly oblique ; orbicular 
defined by blackish, small, round ; reniform defined by blackish on. 
inner side, faintly defined on outer, small ; a faint dark shade from 
middle of costa to reniform and indistinct oblique waved line from 
lower.angle of cell to inner margin ; postmedial line very indistinct, 
slightly bent outwards below costa, then produced to slight dark 
streaks on the veins, excurved to vein 4, then incurved, some white 
points beyond it on costa : a subterminal series of slight whitish 
marks in the interspaces, excurved below vein 7 and incurved below 
vein 3 ; cilia white at tips. Hind wing white, the veins towards 
termen slightly tinged with brown ; a slight brown terminal line ; 
the underside with the costal area irrorafced with brown, a small 
brownish discoidal spot. 

5 , Hind wing brown, the cilia white. 

Hah. Gekmas^t, Zeller, Frey, and Leech Colls. ; Lapla^std, Leech 
Coll. ; EussiA. Exp. 82-36 millim. 

Larva. Kirby, Butt. & Moths Bur. p. 168; Hffm. Eaiip. p. 76, pi. 22. f. 2. 

Differs from A. eaphorbice in having a red lateral stripe and no 
red band on 2nd somite. Food-plants : Heath and S]3urge. 6-7-8. 



Sect. IIT. (Acroniicta). Thorax clothed with hair only; abdomen with the 
basal crest hairy. 

A. Fore wing bluisli white rather strongly irrorated with fuscous, cretata. 

B. Fore wing yellowisli white, slightly or not irrorated with 

fuscous leporina. 



3756. Acronycta cretata. (Plate CXXVII. fig. 8.) 

Acronycta cretata. Smith, Ent. News Philad. vtii. p. 148 (1897) ; Smith & 
Dyar, Pr. U.S. Nat. Mus. xxi. p. 58, pi. xi. If. 3, 4 ; Dyar, Cat. Lep. N. 
Am. p. lUO, 

Head and thorax white with a few fuscous hairs ; palpi and frons 
black at sides ; antennee blackish ; shoulders with black streaks ; 
abdomen white dorsally tinged with fuscous. Fore wing white 
sparsely irrorated with blackish especially on inner medial area and 
beyond the postmedial line ; a short sinuous black streak below 
base of cell ; subbasal line represented by some black scales below 
costa, the antemedial line by diffused blackish marks on costa and 
below cell ; orbicular represented by a very small black spot, the 
reniform by a small black lunule with small diffused black mark 
above it on costa ; postmedial line with black point at costa, then 
only defined by the black irroration beyond it, very strongly bent 
outwards below costa, slightly incurved at discal fold and with 
small black spots above and below vein 5, strongly incurved below 
vein 4 and minutely dentate, with diffused black patch beyond it 
from below vein 3 to above 1 crossed by a slight black streak in 
submedian fold ; the termen and base of cilia with small black 
spots in the interspaces. Hind wing silvery white ; a terminal 



ACRONYCTA. 161 

series of sliglit brown strife ; the underside with black discoidal 
spot, and traces of curved xjostmedial line. 

Hah. Cajstada, Hudson's Bay (Baniston), 1 S , Mackenzie II., 
Port Good Hope, 1 $ ; U.S.A., Colorado, Garfield Co. (Bruce), 
1 $ cotype. Uxjy. 46 millim. 

3757. Acronycta leporina. 

'NoctucL leporina, Linn. Syst. Nat. ed. x. p. 510 (1758) ; Esp. Schmetfc. iv. 

pi. 91. ff. 1-5 ; Hiibn. Eui-. Schmett., Noct. ff. 15-16 ; Diip. Lep. Fi-. 

vi. p. 225, pi. 87. f. 3; Stejjh. 111. Brit. Ent., Haust, iii. p. 35; 

Smitli & Dyar, Pr. U.S. Nat. Mus. xxi. p. 59, pi. xi. ff. 1, 2; Stand. 

Cat. Lep. pal. p. 131 ; Dyar, Cat. Lep. N. Am. p. 100. 
Ncctua bradtjporina, Hiibn. Eur. Scbmett., Noct. if. 570-1 (1818) ; Treit. 

Eur. Scbmett. v. 1, p. 9 (1 825) ; Herr.-Schaff. Eur. Scbmett., Noct. f.636 ; 

Stepb. 111. Brit. Ent., Haust. iii. p. 36, pi. 26. f. 3. 
Apatela vidpiva, Grote, Can. Ent. xv. p. 8 (1883) ; Smith, Cat. Noct. 

N. Am. p. 40. 
Acronycta himacula, Maassen, Stett. ent. Zeit. 1871, p. 27. 
Acronycta semivirga, Tutt, Enton]. 1888, p. 52. 
Acronycta leporella. Stand. Stett. ent. Zeit. 1888, p. 245. 
Acronycta cineracea, Grses. Berl. ent. Zeit. 1888, p. 310. 
Acronycta sancta, H. Edw. Ent. Am. iii. p. 185 (1888) ; Smith, Cat. Noct. 

N. Am. p. 40. 
Apatela nm&ta, Dyar, Can. Ent. xxxvi. p. 29 (1904). 

Head and thorax pure white ; palpi black at sides ; antennae 
blackish ; shoulders with black stripes ; metathorax tinged with 
brown ; tarsi blackish at extremities ; abdomen white dorsally 
with fuscous hair mixed. Fore wing pure white ; a black mark 
at base of costa ; subbasal line represented by a black point 
on costa ; a short sinuous black streak below base of cell expanding 
into a spot at base ; antemedial line represented by an oblique 



="---3- 



4w 




Fig. V^.— Acronycta leporina, S • \- 

black striga from costa and inwardly oblique striga from cell ; 
orbicular absent ; reniform a small black lunule with sinuous 
black bar above it from costa ; postmedial line represented by a 
black point on costa, then by a few black scales with more distinct 
small dentate marks above and below vein 5 and below vein 2, 
bent outwards below costa, then dentate, incurved at discal fold 
and below vein 4 ; subterminal line absent ; cilia intersected by 
black streaks in the interspaces. Hind wing pure white ; the 
underside wnth faint discoidal spot. 

VOL. VIII. M 



162 NOCTUIB,!!. 

Ab. 1. hradyporina, Treit. Head and thorax irrorated with 
fuscous ; fore wing strongly irrorated with fuscous, the veins with 
shght dark streaks, the postraedial line more distinct, minutely 
dentate with scries of small black spots on it and more distinct 
dentate black marks at discal fold and below vein 2 ; hind wing 
with the veins of terminal half irrorated with black, a terminal 
scries of black strige with some fuscous beyond them at base of 
cilia. 

Ab. 2. semivirga. Fore wing with the terminal area suffused 
with fnscous. 

Ab. 3. leporelJa. Fore wing white irrorated with fuscous, the 
markings indistinct. — Tibet, E. Siberia, Japan. 

Ab. 4. mcestn. Much more thickly irrorated with grey. — Br. 
Columbia. 

Ilab. Canada, Ontario, Br. Columbia, Kaslo ; U.S.A., Maine, 
Xew Hampshire, Jefferson, Massachusetts, New York, N. Illinois ; 
Britain, Leech Coll. ; France, Sand Coll. ; Holland, Zeller Coll. ; 
Denmaek ; Germany, Zeller, Frey, and Leech Colls.; Austria, 
Zeller Coll. ; Hungahy ; Switzerland ; Spain, Bilbao ; N. Italy ; 
Finland ; Eussia, St. Petersburg, Zeller Coll., Sarepta ; Armenia ; 
W. TrRKESTAN, Issyk Kul ; W. Siberia ; E. Turkestan, Hi ; Tibet, 
Kuku Nor, Amdo ; E. Siberia, Amurland, Ussuri ; Japan, Oiwake 
{Prijer), 1 c^ . Exp. 3S-48 millim. 

Larva. Meyr. Brit. Lep. p. 140 ; Barrett, Lep. Brit. iii. p. 226, pi. 120. 
f. 1 ; Smith, Pr. U.S. Nat. JVlus. xxi. pi. 8. f. 26. 

Green or greenish yellow, sometimes with obscure red-brown 
dorsal and lateral suffusion ; numerous long white or yellowish hairs 
directed forwards on right side and backwards on left ; sometimes 
Avith dorsal tufts of black hairs ; head sometimes marked with 
black. Food-plants : Alder, Birch, Elm, Salicc. 7-9. 

(American.) Head pale brownish. Body yellow, the hairs long, 
soft, white or yellow, growing from the skin. Food-plant: Poplar. 
— H. G. D. 

Ab. moesta. — Head white, largely black in front. Body whitish 
or yellowish; the hairs long, soft, fine, growing from the skin, yellow 
or white, no hair-pencils ; a more or less well developed dorsal 
black stripe. Food-plant : Poplar. — H. G. D. 



Genus EULONCHE. 

Type. 

Eulonche, Grote, Bull. Buff. Soc, Nat. Sci. i. p. 81 (1873) oUinita. 

Proboscis slight, non-fuiictional ; palpi slender, obliquely porrect, extending 
to well beyond frons, the 2nrl joint fringed with long hair ; Irons smooth ; eyes 
large, rounded ; antennje laminate ; thorax clothed with hair and hair-like .scales 
and without crests ; tibite fringed with long hair ; abdomen with some rough hair 
at base and lateral fringes of hair but without crests. Fore wing narrow, the 
apex more or less produced and the termen oblique, not crenulate ; veins o 
and 6 from near angle of cell ; 6 from upper angle ; 9 from JO anastomosing 
with 8 to from the areole, 11 from cell. Hiud wiug with veins 3, 4 from angle 
of cell; 6 obsolescent from just below middle of discocellulars ; 6,7 shortly 
stalked ; 8 anastomosing with the cell near base only. 



EULONCUE. 



ms 



A. Fore wing witli terminal series of small black spots. 

a. Fore wing with tbe ground-colour wliite ohlinita. 

b. Fore wing with the ground-colour yellowish arioch. 

B. Fore wing without terminal series of black spots. 

a. F'ore wing bluish white irrorated with fuscous lanceolarla. 

b. Fore wing black-brown slightly irrorated with white... iiisolita. 

3758. Eulonche oWinita. 

Thalmna oblinita, Smith & Abbot, Ins. Georgia, ii. p. 187, ii1. 94 (1797) ; 

Smith & Dyar, Pr. U.S Nat. Mus. xxi. p. 1(39, pi. iv. ff. G, 13, 14 ; Smith, 

Cat. Noct. N. Am. p. 46. 
Acronycta salicis, Harr. Ent. Corresp. 1863, p. 314, f. 44. 

Head and thorax white mixed with fuscous ; palpi with the 2nd 
joint black above ; antennae blackish ; abdomen white slightly 
irrorated with brown. Fore wing white irrorated with fascous, the 
area below and beyond lower an^le of cell whiter aiid a whitish fascia 
from reniform to termen below apex ; subbasal line represented by 
an oblique black striga from costa ; antemedial line indistinct, 
double filled in with white, strongly angled inwards on the veins 
and outwards in the interspaces ; orbicular slightly and incompletely 
defined by black, elongate elliptical ; reniform defined by black 
points and with brownish centre, a slight diffused oblique dark 




Fig. 20. — Eulonche oblinita, cJ . \. 

bar above it from costa ; postmedial line indistinct, stroDgly bent 
outwards below costa, then strongly dentate and with slight black 
lunules on it, strongly incurved below vein 3, some blackish points 
beyond it on costa ; traces of a white subterminal line slightly 
angled outwards at vein 7 and with minute dark streaks beyond it 
in the interspaces ; a terminal series of small black spots. Hind 
wing pure white, with series of black points on termen from apex 
to vein 2 ; the underside with small blackish discoidal spot. 

Hah. Canada {Norman), 1 5 > jN'ova Scotia (liedman), 1 $ , 
Manitoba, Aweme (Griddle), 1 $ ; U.S.A., New York, 3 c? , 2 $ , 
Evans Center (&Vo/e), 1 c? , 1 ?, Ohio, 2 J, Distr. of Columbia, 
Florida, Kansas, 1 J , Riley Co. and West to Eocky Mts. Eny. 
40-50 millim. 

Larva. Smith & Dyar, Pr. U.S. Nat. Mus. xxi. p. 170, pi. viii. ff. 29-30. 

Head shining black. Eody black with a broad yellow substig- 
matal band and a broken dotted subdorsal one ; warts large, light 
red; each segment with a more or less distinct transverse red band j 

M 2 



164 , NOCTTTID^.. 

hairs short, bristly, spinose, reddish. Food-plants : Alder and 
other low bushes. — H. G. D. 

*3759. Eulonche arioch. 

Acronycta arioch, Street. Lep. Rhop. & Het. Suppl. i. p. 5 (1898) ; Dyar, 
Cat. Lep. N. Am. p. 104. 

Head, thorax, and abdomen creamy ochreous white. Pore 
"wing creamy ochreous white, irrorated with brown especially on 
costal area ; four black points in cell ; postmedial line represented 
by a series of small dentate marks ; a verj^ faint subterminal series 
of short dark streaks ; a terminal series of round black points ; cilia 
white. Hind wing pure white. 

Hah. U.S.A., Louisiana, New Orleans. Exp. 54 millim. 
This species is unknown to me. 

3760. Eulonche lanceolaria. (Plate CXXVII. fig. 9.) 

Apatela lanceolaria, Grote, Proc. Ac. Nat. Sei. Phil. 1875, p 418 ; id. 111. 
Essay, 1882, p. 50, pi. 1. f. 5 ; Smith & Dyar, Pr. U.S. Nat. Miis. xsi. 
p. 171; Smitli, Cat. Noct. N. Am. p. 46. 

Head and thorax bluish white mixed with fuscous brown ; palpi 
with the 2nd joint dark brown above ; patagia slightly edged with 
brown above ; tarsi banded with brown ; abdomen greyish suffused 
with red-brown. Pore wing bluish white thickly irrorated with 
fuscous brown ; a white streak in cell above median nervure • an 
oblique white fascia from end of cell to near termen below apex ; 
a blackish point at lower angle of cell; postmedial line represented 
by a very indistinct whitish band, oblique from vein 4 to sub- 
median fold, then erect, crossed by a dark streak in submedian fold 
from well before it to termeii and another slight dark streak above 
vein 4 from beyond lower angle of cell to termen ; the interspaces 
of terminal area with slight dark streaks ; whitish subterminal 
lunules between veins 4 and 2 ; a series of blackish points at base 
of cilia, with slight dark streaks from them intersecting the cilia. 
Hind wing pure white ; the underside with the costal area slightly 
irrorated with fuscous, a blackish discoidal point. 

Hah. Canada, Manitoba, Aweme (Criddle), 1 $ ; U.S.A., 
Massachusetts, 1 cJ , 1 $ type. Hxy. d" 46, $ 48 millim. 

Larva. Smith & Dyar, Pr. U, S. Nat. Mus. xxi. p. 172. 

Head black on the face, pale on the sides. Body green, more or 
less shaded with black, especially in dorsal and lateral stripes ; 
warts large, pale ; the hairs in tufts, spinose, black, mixed with a 
few long pale ones. Pood-plants : Various low bushes. — H. G. D, 

3761. Eulonche insolita. (Plate CXXVII. fig. 10.) 

Acronycta insolita., Grote, Bull. BuiF. Soe. Nat. Sci. i. p. 82 (1873); Smith 
& Dyar, Pr. U.S. Nat. Mus. xxi. p. 173 ; Smith, Cat. Noct. N. Am. 
p. 46. 

cJ . Head and thorax black-brown mixed with some brownish 



EULONCHE. MEROLONCHE. 165 

■white ; palpi white at base ; sides of frons, basal joint of antennse 
in front, some scales on base of shaft and streaks behind their bases 
white ; pectus white ; legs streaked with white ; abdomen white 
irrorated with black-browu especially towards extremity and on 
ventral surface. Fore wing black-brown slightly mixed with 
white ; faint traces of an antemedial line oblique from costa to 
submedian fold ; orbicular faintly defined by brown, small, round ; 
some faint dark marks on discocelJulars ; postmedial line very 
indistinct, bent outwards below costa, then dentate and defined on 
inner side by faint whitish lunules, strongly incurved below vein 4, 
some white points be3'ond it on costa ; a subterrainal series of 
faint whitish lunules. Hind wing white, the costal and terminal 
areas slightly irrorated with brown especially at apex ; the 
underside with the costal area thickly irrorated with brown, a 
brown discoidal s])ot. 

Hah. U.S.A., Massachusetts, Pennsylvania, 1 (S typo. Exp. 
42 millim. 

Prof. Smith has gradations indicating that this maj^ be a mclanic 
variety of E. lanceolaria. 



Genus MEROLONCHE. 

Type. 
Mcrolonche, G-rote, 111. Essay, 1882, p. 50 spinea. 

Proboscis aborted, minute ; palpi porrect, hardly reacliing beyond the 
frontal tuft and clothed with long hair, the 3rd joint short; irons smooth; 
eyes rather small, round ; antenn;B of male bipectinate with short bi^anelies, 
the apex serrate ; head and thorax clothed with hair and hair-like scales and 
without crests; tibiaj fringed with long hair; abdomen with dorsal crest at 
base only. Fore wing triangular, the termen evenly curved and not crenulate ; 
veins o and 5 from near angle of cell; 6 from upper angle; 9 from 10 
anastomosing with 8 to form the areole ; 11 from cell. Hind wing with veins 
o, 4 from angle of cell ; 6 obsolescent i'rom middle of discocellulars; 6, 7 from 
upper angle ; 8 anastomosing with the cell near base only. 

A. Fore wing with strong black medial diffused line lupini. 

B. Fore wing with the medial shade indistinct. 

a. Fore wing thickly irrorated with black ursiva. 

b. Fore wing sufTused with purplish grey aptnea. 

3762. Merolonche lupini. (Plate CXXVII. fig. 11.) 

Acronycta lupini, Grote, Bull. Buff. Soc. Nat. Sci. i. p. 79 (1 873) ; Smith & 
Dyar, Pr. U.S. Nat. Mus. sxi. p. 179, pi. iii. f. 2, & pi. x. f. 4 ; Smith, Cat. 
Noct. N. Am. p. 35. 

Head and thorax bluish white mixed with black ; palpi blackish; 
patagia with slight black lines near edges ; tarsi blackish ringed 
with white ; abdomen grey-whits suffused with fuscous brown, 
especially on dorsum. Eore wing bluish white thickly irrorated 
with black and tinged with brown except on basal area ; subbasal 
line represented by double black strit^ from costa , antemedial line 
double, blackish, rather diffused, irregularly dentate and somewhat 



166 NOCXUIDJC. 

oblique, the lines widely separated ; orbicular and reniform small, 
the former defined by black, round, the latter defined by black on 
inner side, slightly defined on outer ; a strong oblique black bar 
from costa to reniform, and obliquely incurved dentate line from 
loAver angle of cell to inner margin ; postmedial line double filled 
iu Avith bluish white, the inner line indistinct except at costa, bent 
outwards below costa, then dentate, incurved below vein 3 and 
with blackish mark on its inner edge at submedian fold, some 
black striae beyond it from costa ; sub terminal line formed by indis- 
tinct whitish marks in the interspaces with blackish points on their 
outer edges, somewhat angled inwards at discal and submedian 
folds ; a terminal series of black points with blackish streaks from 
them intersecting the cilia, which are whitish. Hind wing whitish 
suffused with brown, the veins brown ; a slight discoidal spot and 
traces of diffusod postmedial and subterminal lines ; a slight dark 
terminal line ; the underside whitish tinged and irrorated with 
brown, especially on costal and terminal areas, a blackish discoidal 
iiinule with slight dark bar above it from costa. 

Hah. U.S.A., California, Mendocino Co., 2 c? , 1 $ type. E.vp. 
S 44, 5 50 millim. 



3763. Merolonche ursina. (Plate CXXVII. fig. 12.) 

Merolovehe ursma, Smith & Dyar, Pi\ U.S. Nat. Mus. xxi. p. 180, pi. x. 
if. b, 6 (1899) ; Dyar, Cat. Lep. N. Am. p. 105. 

5 . Head and thorax white mixed with dark brown and black ; 
pntagia with black streaks on outer edges and basal half of inner 
edges ; tarsi blackish ringed with white ; abdomen grey irrorated 
with black and suffused with black-brown. Pure wing grey-white 
tliickly irrorated with black and suffused with black-brown, espe- 
fialiy on medial area and beyond the postmedial line ; subbasal 
line represented by two black points on costa ; aniemedial line very 
indistinct, double, waved, curved ; orbicular defined by blackish, 
rather elongate elliptical and with slight black streak from it to 
the reniform, which is suffused with fuscous and indistinctly de- 
fined by blackish points ; an indistinct diffused dark bar from costa 
to reniform ; postmedial line black defined on either side bj^ grey, 
bent outwards below costa, then dentate, slightlj- angled inwards 
at discal fold and strongl}- incurved below vein 4, some whitish 
points beyond it on costa; subterminal line formed by lunulate 
whitish marks in the interspaces, defined on outer side^ by slight 
dark points, excurved below vein 7 and at middle, and somewhat 
angled inwards at discal and submedian folds ; a terminal series of 
small black spots ; cilia chequered black and Avhite. Hind wing 
whitish suff'used with brown except at termen ; a faint discoidal 
spot and indistinct diffused subterminal line ; a terminal series of 
blackish points ; cilia chequered blackish and white ; the underside 
white tinged with brown and irrorated with dark brown, a blackish 
discoidal lunule. 



MEEOI.ONCHE. jb/ 

TTah. Canada., Br. Columbia, Fraser R. {St. Joltn), 1 5; U.S.A. 
Colorado, Duraiigo, 1 $ , California, Sierra Nevada. /ia^:>. .38- 
42 milUm. 

3764. Merolonche spinea. 

Ajycdcla simiea, Grote. Buffi. Bull. Soe. Nafc. Sei. iii. p. 78 (1876); Smith 
&L Dyar, Pr. U.S. JSTaL Mus. xxi. p. 179, pi. x. ff. 2, 3 ; Siaitli, Cat. 
Koct. j^f. Am. p. 3.5. 

Head and thorax whitish tinged with purplish grey and ochreous 
and mixed with red-brown and some black ; sides of palpi and 
frons red-brown : tegulse with slight black dorsal streak ; patagia 
edged with black ; prothorax with some rufous ; tarsi fuscous 
ringed with white ; abdomen greyish suffused with brown and at 
base with rufous. Fore wing whitish tinged with violaceous grey 
and slightly irrorated with brown, some dark suffusion beyond the 
medial and postmedial lines ; subbasal line represented by slight 




Fig. 21. — Merolonche spinea, c? . \- 

brown bars from costa and cell; antemedial line indistinct, diffused, 
interrupted, oblique and waved from costa to middle of cell ; orbi- 
cular hardly traceable, round, with slight black streak above ; 
reniform an indistinct whitish lunnle defined on inner side by 
difFased brown and with some dark points on outer side; a black- 
brown bar from middle of costa and one above reniform ; a diffused 
incurved brownish medial line from cell to inner margin crossed 
by a short strong blackish fascia in submedial fold ; postmedial 
line brown defined by white on inner side, double at costa, strongly 
bent outwards below costa, then minutely dentate, slightly incurved 
at discal fold and strongly below vein 4, some whitish points 
beyond it on costa with dark striae between them ; a diffused 
wliitish subterminal line with slight dentate black marks on its 
outer edge below costa and on vein 2, angled inwards at discal 
and submcdian folds and diffused to tornus ; cilia chequered black- 
brown and white. Hind wing whitish suffused with black-brown, 
leaving a white patch on termen in submedian interspace ; cilia 
white ; the underside white irrorated with brown, a blackish dis- 
coidal lunule, two diffused dark bars from medial part of costa, and 
a diffused oblique line from lower angle of cell to inner margin. 

Hah. U.S.A., California, 1^,2$ type. Exp. 6 44, ? 48 
millim. 



168 NOCTUlDiE. 

Genus STILBINA. 

Type. 

Stilbina, Stand. Iris, iv. p. 290 (1891) Tiypmnidcs. 

Proboscis aborted ; palpi porrect, short, moderately fringed with hair below, 
the 3rd joint minute ; irons with long bilobed corneous process with tuft of 
hair above it and shorter corneous plate below it excised in front ; eyes large, 
round ; antennae of male bipectinate with long branches to apex ; build slender ; 
thoi-ax clotlied with hair and scales mixed, the prothorax with spreading crest, 
the metathorax with decumbent crest ; tibiaa smoothly scaled, the spurs long ; 
abdomen without crests. Fore wing with the apex rounded, the termen evenly 
curved and not crenulate; veins 3 and 6 from near angle of cell; (> (roiu 
upper angle; 9 from lU anastomosing with 8 to form the areoie ; 11 from 
cell. Hind wing witli veins 3, 4 from angle of cell ; 5 obsolescent from middle 
of discocelliilars; 6, 7 shortly stalked; 8 anastomosing with the cell to one 
third. 

3765. Stilbina hypaenides. 

Stilbina hy^pmnides, Stand. Iris, iv. p. 290, pi. 3. f. 12 (1891) ; id. Cat. 
Lep. pai. p. 194. 

S . Head yellowish white ; sides of palpi and frons red-brown ; 
thorax ochreons suffused with red-brown ; legs red-brown, the 
tarsi fuscous with white rings ; abdomen oclireous white. Fore 
wing whitish suffused with pale ferruginous, the costal area suffused 
with brown, the median nervure and base of veins arising from it 
slightly streaked with white ; a dark mark at base of costa and 




& 



Fig. 22. — Stilbina liypcBiiides , (^ . {. 



small subbasal black mark above inner margin ; a slight brown 
streak in basal half of submedian fold defined by whitish below : 
antemedial line slight, black, angled outwards below costa and in 
cell, then obsolete ; orbicular a large elongate elliptical black- 
brown patch ; reniform a black-brown patch truncate above and 
rounded below, where it is broken up by the white on veins at 
lower angle of cell ; postmedial line represented by two dark points 
on costa, then by a whitish line strongly bent outwards below 
costa, defined by diffused blackish below and slight dark marks 
above, then obsolete, some slight white striae from costa beyond it ; 
subterminal line very faint, brownish, excurved below vein 7 and 
obsolete below vein 5 ; a terminal series of slight red-brown striae ; 
cilia chequered dark brown and whitish. Hind wing yellowish 
white, the terminal area suffused with pale red-brown ; the under- 
side white tinged with reddish ochreous. 

2 . Fore wing tinged with brown instead of ferruginous ; the 



STILBINA. HYPEUXHi;jrA. 169 

costal area and cell suffused with pale brown ; median nervure not 
streaked with white; the streak in submedian fold more prominent; 
antemedial line double from cell to inner margin, extremely strongly 
excurved in submedian interspace, then very strongly angled 
inwards on vein 1 and outwards above inner margin ; orbicular and 
reniform with slight whitish annuli defined by black ; postmedial 
line represented by dark points on the veins from costa to vein 3 
and bent outwards below costa, below vein 3 incurved, double, 
waved ; subterminal line rather more distinct and traceable 
throughout, angled outwards at veins 7, 6, then oblique. 

Hab. Syria ; Palestine, 1 c? , 1 $ . Exp. d 36, $ 38 millim. 



Genus HYPEUTHINA. 

Type. 

Hypeuthina, Led. Verh. zool.-bot. Ges. Wien, 1855, p. 199 fulgitrita,. 

Proboscis absent; palpi porrect, extending to just beyond frons and 
moderately fringed with hair below, the 3rd joint minute; frons with rounded 
prominence with corneous plate with curved outer edge at middle, and large 
corneous plate below it ; eyes large, i-ounded ; antenniB of male bipectinate 
with very short branches ; build slender ; thoraz clothed with hair and scales 
mixed and without distinct crests; tibia; smoothly scaled, the spurs long; 
abdomen without crests. Fore wing with the apex rounded, the terraeu 
evenly curved and not crenulate ; veins 3 and 5 from near angle of cell ; 
6 from ujDper angle; 9 from 10 anastomosing with 8 to form the areole ; II 
from cell. Hind wing with veins 3, 4 from angle of cell ; 5 obsolescent from 
middle of discocellulars ; 6, 7 from upper angle ; 8 from middle of cell. 

A. Fore wing with white streaks in discal and submedian folds 

defined by black below fulgitrita. 

B. Fore wing without white streaks in discal and submedian 

folds defined by black below nuniida. 

3766. Hypeuthina fulgurita. 

Hiipeuthina fwlgurita, Led. Verh. zool.-bot. Ges. Wien, 1855, p. 199, pi. 4. 
f. 1 ; Staud. Cat. Lep. pal. p. 373. 

(^ . Head and thorax white, the head tinged with ochreous ; 
sides of palpi and frons brown ; antennae ochreous ; dorsum of 




Fig. 23. — Hypeiothina fiilgiirita, J. \. 

thorax with pair of black streaks ; pectus and legs brown ; abdo- 
men ochreous white, the ventral surface brown. Fore wing 
ochreous suffused with pale red-brown, the veins with dark streaks; 
a white streak in submedian fold to beyond middle with black 
streak below it, diffused below and acutely angled inwards at 



170 NOCTUIDJE. 

extremity ; a white streak in discal fold from before middle to 
end of cell with black streak below it; slight black streaks beyond 
the cell above and below vein 5, some slight white striaj from 
terminal half of costa ; dentate white marks from beyond middle 
to termen on each side of veins 6, 4, 3 and a white streak below 
vein 3 to below angle of cell, with diffused black marks above and 
between them, slightly defined by black on inner side below vein 5 
and the streak with slight black streak on its lower edge, the ex- 
tremities of veins 7 and 4 also defined by slight dentate white marks ; 
a black terminal line interrupted by Avhite streaks intersecting the 
cilia. Hind wing ochreous white, the terminal half tinged w"ith 
pale red-brown ; cilia ochreous white ; the underside Avhite, the 
costal and terminal areas broadly tinged with pule red-brown. 

5 . Much whiter and with hardly any brown suffusion ; fore 
wing with the black streaks slighter, the dentate marks on terminal 
area slightly defined by black. 

Hab. Si:ria, 1 d , 1 ? • E.vp. S 34, $ 36 millim. 

*3767. ? HypeutMna numida. 

Hypeufhyna numida, Obertli. Et. Ent. xiii. p. 27, pi. 6. f. 41 (1890) ; Staud. 
Cat. Lep. pal. p. b73. 

Head and thorax brown ; abdomen grey suffused with brown. 
Fore wing grey-brown ; antemedial line double, brown, rather 
diffused, oblique from costa to subraedian fold where it is angled 
outwards, then inwardly oblique ; orbicular and reniform with 
brown centres and grey annuli defined by brown, the former round, 
the latter constricted at middle ; a brown line from lower angle of 
cell to inner margin ; postmedial line doiible, bent outwards and 
obsolescent below costa, excurved to vein 4, then incurved ; post- 
medial area dark brown except towards costa ; subterminal line 
only defined by the contrast between the postmedial and terminal 
areas, excurved below vein 7 and at middle, then incurved ; a 
terminal series of black points. Hind wing grey tinged with brown. 
Hah. Algeria, Magenta ; Tunis, Kef. Exp. 36 millim. This 
species is unknown to me. 

Genus PSEUDOLiaiA. „ 

Type. 

FseudoUgia, Staud. Cat. Lep. pal. p. 242 (1901 ) simUiaria. 

Proboscis aborted, small; palpi porrect, extending to just beyond frons 
and fringed with hair below, the 3rd joint short; frons smooth; eyes 
large, round ; antennas of male ciliated ; vertex of head with tuft of hair , 
thorax clothed with hair and scales mixed, the pro- and metathorax with 
spreading crests ; tibiee fringed with rather long hair, the fore tibi£e with long 
curved claw at extremity on inner side ; abdomen with some rough hair at 
base but without crests. Fore wing long and narrow, the apex rounded, 
the termen obliquely curved and not crenulate ; vein 3 from before angle of 
cell ; 5 from just above angle, the upper angle produced ; vein 6 from angle ; 
9 from 10 anastomosing with 8 to form the areole ; 11 from cell. Hind wing 
with veins 3, 4 from angle of cell; 5 obsolescent from just below middle of 
discocellulars ; 6, 7 from upper angle ; 8 anastomosing with the cell to about 
one third. 



P5ECD0LIGIA. SCOTOC.VMPA. 171 

3768. Pseudoligia similiaria. 

Llqia siniiliaria. Men. Mem. Ac. Iinp. Sei. St. Petersb. vi. p. 296, pi. R. 

■f. 12 (1849) ; Staud. Cat. Lep. pal. p. 242, & Add. p. 256. 
E-pinie-cia argilkwea, Christ. Eoui. Mem. iii. p. 81, pi. 4. f . 6 (1887); 

Staud. Cat. Lep. pal. p. 154. 

S . Head and thorax white mixed with pale reddish brown and 
black ; palpi with blackish marks at sides of joints ; tibiaa at 
extremities and tarsi ringed with black ; abdomen white tinged 
with brown. Fore wing grey-white suffused with reddish and 
fuscous brown aud with some dark irroratioii, the veins with dark 
streaks, on terminal area with whitish streaks; subbasal and 
anteniedial lines represented by oblique dark striae from costa ; the 
medial area with black streaks above and below submedian fold 
with a whitish mark between them representing the claviform ; 
orbicular and reniform absent ; postmedial line represoiited by au 
obscure oblique dark band from costa towards apex to inner 




Fig. 2i. — Pseudoligia similiaria, cf. |. 

margin, diffused on inner side and dentate on outer, and with 
whitish suffusion beyond it from costa to vein 2 ; subterminal Hue 
faint, whitish, defined on inner side by slight dentate dark marks ; 
a terminal series of black strige defined on inner side by whitish 
marks ; cilia white mixed with black at base and tips. Hind wing 
white, the veins brownish ; a diffused brown discoidal lumile ; the 
area beyond the cell irroratcd with brown and with faint diffused 
subterminal band from costa to vein 2 ; a strong brown terminal 
line ; the underside white with black discoidal spot and terminal line. 
Hab. W. Turkestan, Turcomania, Tedsheu Oasis (Hmcser), 1 d, 
Bokhara. Exj). 40 millim. 

Genus SCOTOCAMPA. ^ 

Type. 

Scotocampa, Staud. Stett. ent. Zeit. 1888, p. 36 iudigesta. 

Proboscis aborted, mimite ; palpi porrect, hardly extending beyond the 
froiis, the 2nd joint fringed with lung hair below, the 3rd short; frons with 
Terticjil ridge ; eyes large, round ; antennai of male minutely serrate and 
witli fascicles of long cilia ; thorax clothed with hair and hair-like scales, 
the pro- and metathorax with spreading crests ; tibifB moderately fringed witli 
hair, the fore tarsi with cnrved claw-like spines on 1st joint ; abdomen witii 
some rough liair at base, but without crests. Fore wing with the apex rounded, 
the termen obliquely curved and not crenulate ; veins 3 and 5 from near 
angle of cell; 6 from upper angle; 9 from 10 anastomosing with 8 to form 
the areole ; 11 from cell. Hind wing with veins 3, 4 from angle of cell ; 
5 obsolescent from middle of discocellulars ; 6, 7 from upper angle ; 8 anasto- 
iiiosing with the cell near base only. 



172 NOCTUID^. 

3769. Scotocampa indigesta. 

Scotocampa indigesta, Staud. Stett. ent. Zeit. 1888, p. 36 ; id. Cat. Lep. 
pal. p. 212. 

cJ . Head and thorax white mixed with fuscous ; antennae 
white ; tarsi ringed with black ; abdomen white irrorated with 
fuscous. Pore wing white thickly irrorated with fuscous, the veins 
slightly streaked with white ; a black streak below base of cell ; 
faint traces of an oblique waved antemedial line ; claviform a white 
streak defined by black at extremity and below and with faint black 
streak from it to subterminal line ; orbicular and reniform absent ; 
faint traces of a postmedial line bent outwards below costa and 




Fig. 25. — Scotocampa indigesta, (^ , \. 

oblique below vein 4 ; subterminal line white, dentate, very indis- 
tinct from costa to vein 4, then more prominent, crossed by short 
black streaks in the interspaces, oblique below vein 3 and strongly 
angled inwards above and below vein 2 ; cilia fuscous intersected 
with white. Hind wing white ; a small black discoidal lunule ; 
the terminal area irrorated with fuscous forming obscure streaks in 
the inters2)aces ; cilia white. Underside of both wings white with 
black discoidal lunules, the costal and terminal areas irrorated with 
fuscous. 

Hah. W. TuEKESTAN, Issyk Kul ; E. Tuekestan, Hi, Kungess, 
1 c5' . Exp. 38 millim. . 

Genus LEIOMETOPON. 

Type. 

Leiometopon, Stan d. Stett. ent. Zeit. 1 888, p. 37 simyrides. 

Proboscis aborted ; palpi porrect, projecting about the length of bead and 
clothed with long hair, the 3rd joint short ; frons with large rounded promi- 
nence ; eyes large, round ; antennie laminate in both sexes ; thorax clotJied with 
rough hair and scales, the prothorax without distinct crest, the metathorax 
with large crest of rough scales; tibitE clothed with rather long hair; abdomen 
with some rough hair at base but without crests. Fore wing with the-apes 
rounded, the termen evenly curved and not crenulate ; veins o and 5 from near 
angle of cell ; 6 from upper angle; 9 from 10 anastomosing with 8 to form the 
areole; 11 from cell. Hind wing with veins 3, 4 from angle of cell; 5 obso- 
lescent from middle of discocellulars ; 6, 7 shortly stalked ; 8 anastomosing 
with the cell near base only. 

3770, Leiometopon simyrides. 

Leiometopon simyrides, Stand. Stett. ent. Zeit. 1888, p. 37; id. Cat. Lep. 
pal. p. 134. 

S . Head, thorax, and abdomen fuscous brown mixed with some 
white, the frons and base of tegulse white. Fore wing grey thickly 
irrorated with reddish brown, the veins with slight brown streaks ; 



LEIOMETOPON. SIMTEA. 173 

a broad white fascia in and below cell from base to the antemedial 
line, which is indistinct, diffused, minutely waved, oblique from 
costa to median nervure, then inwardly oblique and angled inwards 
on vein 1, then bent outwards to meet the postmedial line above 
inner margin ; the end of cell and area beyond it to the postmedial 
line whitish ; a small brown discoidal spot; postmedial line brown, 
minutely dentate, exeurved from costa to vein 4, then strongly 
incurved, deiined by whitish on outer side and bent inwards to the 
antemedial line above inner margin, some whitish beyond it above 
and below vein 5 and two small white spots on costa ; subterminal 
line represented by obscure somewhat dentate brown marks on its 
inner side from vein 6 to inner margin, incurved below vein 3 and 
with brownish marks beyond it and above vein 2; a terminal 



Fig. 26. — Leiometopon simyrides, c? . \. 

series of brown striae ; cilia white with a dark brown line near 
base. Hind wing pale reddish brown ; cilia whitish ; the under- 
side with the costal area and termen irrorated with white, 

$ . Whiter ; fore wicg with black streak below the white fascia 
in submedian interspace, the white in lower end of cell and thence 
obliquely towards apex more prominent, the discal fold in end of cell 
defined above and below by brown streaks to the small discoidal spot. 
Hah. E. Ttjekestan, Dscharkent, 1 6 , Thian-Shan Mts,, 1 $ . 
Eoc'p. d 36, $ 40 millim. 

Genus SIMYRA. 

Type. 
Simyra. Ochs. Schmett. Eur. iv. p. 81 (181G), non descr. ; Treit. 

Schmett. Eur. (6) ii. p. 280 (1825) alhovenosa. 

Arsilonche, Led. Nect. Eur. p. 70 (1857) alhovenosa. 

Proboscis aborted, minute ; palpi porrect, extending to beyond frons and 
clothed witli long hair; frons smooth ; eyes rather small, round; antennfe of 
male typically laminate ; thorax clothed with hair only and without crests ; 
tibi^ fringed with long hair ; abdomen dorsally clothed with rough hair at 
base and with lateral fringes of hair but without crests. Fore wing witli 
the apex somewhat produced and acute, the termen obliquely curved and not 
crenulate ; -veins 3 and 5 from near angle of cell ; 6 from upper angle ; & from 
10 anastomosing with 8 to form the areole ; 11 from cell. Hind wing with 
veins 3, 4 from .angle of cell or shortly stalked ; 5 obsolescent from just 
below middle of discocellulars ; 6,7 from upper angle; 8 anastomosing with 
the cell near base only. 

Sect. I. Antennae of male bipectinate with moderate branches dilated at 
extremity. 

A, Fore wing with the veins defined by slight brown streaks. 
a. Fore wing with brown streak on median nervure and vein 4 

from base to termen huettneri. 



174 NOCXUID.E. 

b. Fore wing without brown streak on median nervure and 

vei n 4 ncr vosa. 

B. Fore wing pure white, tlie veins not defined by streaks splendida. 

*3771. Simyra l)uettneri. 

Arsiloiwhe huettneri, Hering, Stett. ent. Zeit. 1858, p. 442, pi. 3 ; Staud. 

Cat. Lep. pal. p. 134. 
Nonagria Uoomeri, Hein. Scbmett. Deutseh. i. p. 408 (1859). 

Head, thorax, and abdomen oohreous white slightly irrorated with 
hrowu. Fore wing ochreous white irrorated with fuscous ; the 
veins with dark streaks ; diffused reddish fasciae along median 
nervure and vein 4 from base to termen and above and below 
vein 1. Eind wing whitish faintly tinged with pink, the veins 
with dark streaks. 

Hah. N. Germans', Pomerania : S. Russia, Taganrog. Exp. 30- 
32 millim. This species is unknown to me, 

3772. Simyra nervosa. 

Soctua nervosa, Scliiff. Wien. Verz. p. 85 (1776) ; Fabr. Mant. Ins. ii, 
p. 139 (1787) ; Hiibn. Eur. Scbmett., Noet. f. 226 ; Frr. Neue Beitr. 
pi. 101 ; Dup. Lep. Fr. vii. p. 339, pi. 120. f. 8 ; Staud. Cat. Lep. pal. 
p. 134. 

Noctua oxypiera, Esp. Scbmett. iv. pi. 130. f. 6 (1788). 

Simyra argentacea, Ilerr.-Scbaff. Eur. Scbmett., Noct. ff. 387-8 (1849). 

Simyra torosa, Guen. Noct. i. p. 62 (1852). 

Head, thorax, and abdomen white mixed with pale red-brown. 
Pore wing white suffused with red-brown and sparsely irrorated 
with black scales, the veins white defined by pale brown streaks 
especially on terminal area ; costal edge pure white. Hind wing 
white suffused with pale reddish brown except at termen. Under- 
side of fore wing white suffused with red-brown leaving the costa 




Fig. 27. — Simyra nervosa, i^. \. 

and inner and terminal areas white ; hind wing suffused vrith red- 
brown leaving the costal area and terminal area to vein 2 white 
sparsely irrorated with brown. 

Ab. 1. Fore wing white slightly tinged with red-brown ; hind 
wing slightly suffused with red-brown along median nervure and 
beyond the cell. 

Ab. 2. argentacea. Fore wing silvery white without any red- 
brown tinge ; hind wang slightly suffused with brown in male, 
almost pure white iu female. — S. Russia, W. & E. Turkestan. 



SIMYEA. 175 

tJah. Germany, Zeller & Leech Colls. ; Austria ; Hungary, Fiey 
Coll. ; Switzerland, Valais ; J^. Italy ; S. Eussia, Sarepta, Zeller 
& D'Emmick Colls. ; ? Asia Minor, Pontus; W. Turkestan, Tarba- 
gatai Mts., Issyk Kill, Ala Tau ; W. Siberia, Altai; E. Turkestan, 
111, Korla ; Mongolia, Urga. Exjj. 32-42 millira. 

Larva. Kirby, "Rutt. & Moths Eur. p. 161 ; Hffm. Eaup. p. 73, pi. 21. f. 16. 

Dark grey -svith yellowish hairs, whitish longitudinal lines and 
broad macular dorsal stripe. Food-plants : Spurge, Sorrel. 6. 

3773. Simyra splendida. 

Simyra splendida, Stand. Stett. ent. Zeit. 1888, p. 215; id. Eoni. Mem. 

yi. p. 383, pi. 6. f. 1 ; id. Cat. Lep. pal. p. 134. 
Simyra niveonitens, Grtes. Berl. ent. Zeit. 1888, p. 309. 

S . Head and thorax pure white, the tegiilae faintly tinged with 
brown ; branches of antennae fulvous ; tarsi tinged with brOAvn ; 
abdomen white with a few dark scales. Fore wing white irrorated 
with a very few brown scales, the veins slightly tinged with brown, 
the termen with ochreous. Hind wing pure white. 

Ab. 1. Hind wing suffused with brown leaving the termen and 
cilia Avhite. 

Hah. W. Turkestan, Tedschen Oasis {Hauser), 1 J ; E. Turk- 
estan, Hi; Tibet, Amdo ; E. Siberia, Ussuri ; Corea. Exp. 
36 millim. 



Sect. II. AntennEe of male bipectinate with very short branches. 

3774. Simyra dentinosa. 

Noctua dentinosa, Frr. Neue Beitr. iii. p. 97, pi. 263. ff. 2, 3 (1839) ; Diip. 

Lep. Fr., Suppl. iii. p. 479, pi. 41. f. 4 ; Staud. Oat. Lep. pal. p. 134. 
Symira tendinosa, Herr.-Schaff. Eur. Schmett. ii. p. 179, Noct. ff 393-4 

(1845;. 
Cticullia leucas'pis, F. de Wald. Bull. Mosc. 1840, p. 84, pi. 3. f. 2. 

Head and thorax white suffused with red-brown leaving the 
dorsum of thorax and the patagia whiter ; palpi red-brown except at 
base ; patagia with black streaks on outer edges ; abdomen white 
mixed with pale fuscous and some rufous hair at base. Fore wing 
white, the area below the cell suffused with reddish brown to post- 
medial line, the veins slightly streaked with brown ; antemedial 
line brown with dark spot at costa, inwardly oblique, and slightly 
excurved at inner margin, a slight brown spot in end of cell ; post- 
medial line very indistinct, double, oblique from costa to vein 7, 
then dentate, very oblique from vein 4 to submedian fold, then 
angled outwards on vein 1 on which there is a whitish dentate 
mark before it, some brown suffusion beyond it on costa with 
whitish points on it and brown streaks from it to termen below 
apex and at vein 5 ; the interspaces of terminal area with diffused 
brown streaks ; cilia red-brown at base, white at tips. Hind wing, 
white, the base suffused with red-brown ; a slight discoidal point 



176 NOCTtriD,E. 

and traces of a curved diffused postmedial line ; the underside with 
the discoidal spot and postmedial line more distinct. 

Hah. Bulgaria; Etjssia, Sarepta {Chrisfoph)^ Zeller k Leech 
Colls.; Aemejtia, 1 S , 1 $; Kxikdistajst, Malatia ; Asia Minor, 
Pontus, 1 S , Bithynia ; Palestine ; Persia ; W. Siberia. Exj). 
36-40 miUim. 

Larva. Kirby, Butt. & Moths Eur. p. 161 ; Hffm. Raiip. p. 73. 

Green, the segmental incisions yellow ; head black. Food-plant: 
EvjyJiorhia. 5-6, gregarious. 

Sect. III. Antenna of male laminate. 

A. Fore wing with more or less prominent dark streaks below 

base of cell and above and below vein 5. 

a. Fore wing acutely produced at apex, the irroration and 

sti-eaks bright red-brown henrici. 

b. Fore wing less produced at apex, the irroration and streaks 

darker brown. 
a^. Fore wing with the veins of terminal area defined by 

slight brown streaks colorada. 

h^. Fore wing with the veins of terminal area not defined 
by brown streaks. 

a". Hind wing white albovenoaa. 

V^. Hind wing ochreous grey sofpistriaia. 

B. Fore wing without dark streaks below base of cell and above 

and below vein 5. 

a. Fore wing nearly uniform rufous, the costal edge white... albicosta, 

b. Fore wing with the costal edge not white. 

o'. Fore wing pale rufous thickly irrorated with rufous... co^ifusa. 
b^. Fore wing ochreous white sparsely irrorated with 

rufous conspersa. 



3775. Simyra henrici. (Plate CXXVII. fig. 13.) 

Leucania henrici, Grote, Bull. Buff". Soc. Nat. Sci. i. p. 10 (1S73); Smith 
& Dyar, Pr. U.S. Nat. Mus. xxi. p. 175, pi. x. f. 7 ; Smith, Cat. Noct. 
N. Am. p. 34. 

Leucania evanida; Grote, Bull. BufP. Soc. Nat. Sci. i. p. 10 (1873). 

Ahl(ii)haTon Jumosum, JVlorr. Bull. Buff. Soc. Nat. Sci. i. p. 275(1873). 

Head, thorax, and abdomen white faintly tinged with red-brown. 
Fore wing white faintly tinged and irrorated with red-brown, the 
veins of teminal half faintly defined by slight rufous streaks ; a 
pale rufous fascia from above median nervure at origin of vein 2 to 
near termen above vein 4, a slight fascia in submedian fold from 
base to beyond middle and a slight fascia above vein 7. Hind wing 
silvery white. 

Ab. 1. fumosa. Almost entirely suffused with slate-grey. 

Bab. Canada, Ottawa (Gibson, Saunders), 2 c? , 1 $ ; U.S.A., 
Massachusetts, New York, 3 J , 1 $ , type and type evanida, Kansas, 
California, JSIew Mexico, Albuquerque {Oslar), 2 $ , Roswell ( CocA-- 
erell), 1 § ; Cuba, 1 6 , Grote Coll. Exp. 36-46 miUim. 

Larva. Smith & Dyar, Pr. U.S. Nat. Mus. xxi. p. 176. 

Larva. Head shining black, marked with white above mouth, a 
V-mark over clypeus, a band ou vertex of each lobe and on sides. 



SIMTEA. 177 

Bod)- cylindrical, black, dotted with j-ellow ; a yellow subdorsal line 
and a more sharply defined substigmatal one. Warts raised, light 
red, bearing tufts of short pale hair. Food-plant: Grass. — H. G. D. 

3776. Simyra colorada. (Plate CXXVII. fig. 14.) 

Arsilonche color ada,'tim\th, Pr. U.S. Nat. Mas. xsii. p. 414 (1900); Dyar, 
Gilt. Lep. N. Am. p. 105. 

S . Head and Ihorax pale grey tinged with reddish brown ; palpi 
fuscous except at base ; antennae fuscous except upper side of shaft ; 
abdomen grey tinged with brown at base and fuscous at extremity. 
Fore wing grey-white slightly tinged with brown, the costal area 
slightly irrorated with brown ; the veins of terminal area defined 
by slight brown streaks, the discal fold from middle of cell and the 
siibmedian fold with rather stronger brown streaks ; cilia white 
slightly tinged with fuscous. Hind wing white faintly tinged with 
brown. 

Uah. IJ.S.A., Colorado, Denver, 1 (S , Glen wood Springs. Exp. 
34 millim. 

3777. Simyra albovenosa. 

Foctua 2mUpms, Sepp, Ins. Ned. ii. pt. 3, p. 11, pi. 3. ff. 1-9 (1777), nee 

Linn. 
Noctua albo-veiiosa, Goeze, Ent. Beytr. iii. 3, p. 251 (1781) ; Stand. Cat. 

Lep. pal. p. 134. 
Noctua venosa, Eorkh. Eur. Schtnett. iv. p. 716 (1792) ; Dup. Lep. Fr. 

vii. p. 343, pi. 120. f. 7 ; Frr. Neue Beitr. pi. 410; Steph. 111. Brit. Ent., 

Haust. iii. p. 82. 
Noctua deqener, Sepp. Ins. Ned. iv. corrigenda, nee Scliiff. ; Hiibn. Eur, 

Schnietl, Noot. f. 380 (1808). 
Noctua atomima. Haw. Lep. Brit. p. 175 (1809). 

Simyra centripuncia, Herr.-Schaff. Neue Schmett. p. 4, ff. 24, 25 (1856). 
Arsiloiiche flavida, Auriv. Ent. Tids. 1880, p. 38. 
Arsilonche murma, Auriv. Ent. Tids. 1880, p. 37, pi. i. f. 2. 
Arsilonche cdbida, Auriv. Ent. Tids. 1880, p. 38. 
Arsilonche ochracea, Tutt, Entom. 1888, p. 99. 
Arsilonche a^-gentea, Tutt, Entom. 1888, p. 100. 
Arsilonche tristis, Bang-Haas, Iris, 1907, p. 70. 

Head and thorax white tinged with pale rufous ; abdomen white. 
Fore wing white tinged with pale rufous and slightly irrorated 




Fig. 28. — Simyra albovenosa, (^ . \. 

with brown ; traces of a dark streak in basal half of submedian 
fold and of a brownish streak above vein 4 from lower angle of cell 
VOL. vm. N 



178 NOCTUID^. 

to termen ; a terminal series of black points from apes to vein 3. 
Hind wing pure white. 

Ab. 1 . centri2'>uncta. Fore wing with black point at lower angle 
of cell. — Dalmatia, llussia. 

Ab. 2. Jfavida. Pore wing yellowish. 

Ab. 3. albida. Fore wing with the ground-colour white. 

Ab. 4. murinn. Head, thorax, and fore Aviug deep red-brown, 
the veins streaked with white ; hind wing with the terminal area 
sufiused with brown leaving white streaks on the veins. — Dalmatia, 
Sweden. 

Hab. Britaijst Leech Coll.; Fkancb, Sand Coll.; Germany, Zeller, 
Frey, and Leech Colls. ; Austria; HuNfiAKT ; Switzerland; Dal- 
matia; Sweden, L (^ , 1 $; Finland; Eussia ; E. Turkestan, Hi. 
Kvp. 30-42 millim. 

Larva. Meyr. Bi-it. Lep. p. 144; Barrett, Lep. Brit. iii. p. 275, pi. 123. 
f, 3. 

Blackish or dark grey-brown with ])ale marblings ; subdorsal 
and spiracular lines pale ochreous jellow often marked with red, 
the tubercles on them yellow or orange ; fascicles of pale reddish- 
brown and black hairs; head black streaked with ochreous. Food- 
plants : Phragmites, Careiv, Tijpha. 8-9. 

*3778. Simyra ssepistriata. 

Arsilonche scepistriaia, Alpb. Iris, viii. p. 188 (1895). 

$ . Head, thorax, and abdomen white suffused in parts with 
browm. Fore wing white with broad biown streaks m the inter- 
spaces. Hind wing uniform ochreous grey. 

Hab. Mongolia, Urga. Exjp. 40 millim. This species is unknown 
to me. 

3779. Simyra albicosta, n. sp. (Plate CXXVII. fig. 15.) 

5 . Head and thorax w^hite, the Lead, tcgulse, prothorax, front, 
of pectus, and legs suffused with rufous; abdomen white tinged 
with red-brown. Fore wing rufous, the costal edge white, the 
median nervure and veins of terminal half slightly streaked with 
white ; a white spot at base of costa ; cilia w^hite at tips. Hind 
■wing white faintly tinged with red-brown ; cilia white. 

Hab. Madras, Xilgiris, 1 $ type. Exp. 40 millim. 

3780. Simyra confusa. 

Leucania confu&a, Wlk. ix. 105(1856) ; Moore, Lep. Ceyl. iii. p. 9, pi. 145. 
f. 4 ; Hmpsii. Moths Ind. ii. p. 285. 

Head and thorax white tinged with rufous; abdomen white, the 
extremity and ventral surface tinged with rufous. Pore wing pale 
rufous slightly irrorated with brown, sometimes with two slight 
brown striae on discocellulars and one bej'ond upper angle of cell ; 
cilia white faintly tinged with rufous. Hind wing white faintly 



SIMTRA. — EOGKN'A. 



179 



tinf!;cd with ochreous ; the underside with the costal area sufi'used 
with pale rufous. 

Hah. CBTLOisr (Templeton), 4 J type, Puttalam (Pole), 1 2- 
Exp. 30-38 millim. 

3781. Simyra conspersa. (Plal-e CXXVII, fig-. 16.) 

Simi/ra conS2>ersa, Moore, P. Z. S. 1881, p. 340; Hrupsn. Moths Ind. ii. 
p.' 286. 

Head and thorax ochreous white slightly irrorated with brown ; 
ahdomeu white. Fore wing ochreous white thickly and evenly 
irrorated with reddish brown, usually with two slight brown striae 
on discocellulara and one beyond upper angle of cell. Hind wing 
white ; the underside with the costal area tinged with ochreous. 

Hub. Pdnjab, Manpuri, 1 $ type ; fSiKHiM, 1 S ; Bbi^gal, Cal- 
cutta, 1 c?, 2 § ; Centr, Provinces, Paipur {Betham), 1 5 . E.cp. 
30-42 millim. 



Genus EOGENA. 
Eogena, Guen. Noct. i. p. 340 (1852) 



Tvpe. 
coiUaminei. 

Proboscis absent; palpi |iorrect, extending to just beyond frons, the 2nd 
joint frmiied witli long liair below; frons smooth, with tiifr, of hair; eves 
large, round; antennas of male laminate; thorax clothed with hair only and 
without crests ; tibite fringed with long hair; abdomen with some rough hair 
at base but without crests. Fore wing with the apex rounded, the ternien 
evenly curved and not crenulate; veins 3 and 5 from near angle of cell; 
G from upper angle; V) from 10 anastomosing with 8 to form the areole; 11 
from cell. Hind wing with veins 3, 4 frou) angle of cell ; 5 obsolescent fi-om 
middle of discocellulars ; 6, 7 irom upper angle; 8 anastomosing with the ct)ll 
near base only. 



3782. Eogena contaminei. 

I\ociua. contaminei, Ev. Bull. Mosc. 1847, iii. p. 77, pi. 5. f. 6 ; Stand. Cat. 

Lep. pal. p. 134. 
Cosmia bomhtjcina. Men. Mem. Acad. Imp. Sci. St. Petersb. vi. p. 285, pi. 6. 

f. 7(1848). 
Isoctua eogeiie, Frr. Neue Schmett. vi. p. 53, pi. 514 (1852). 

Head and thorax bright pink ; antennae fulvous, white at base ; 




Fig. 29. — Eogena contaminei, (^ . \. 



pectus white behind ; abdomen brownish with some white hair at 
base, the lateral and aual tults and ventral surface pale pink. 

N 2 



180 NOCTUID^. 

Pore wing bright pinlc tinged with greyish, the costal area rather 
deeper except towards base, the base of inner margin whitish ; a 
pink anteniedial line slightly bent inwards to costa, obsolescent and 
slightly sinuous on inner area; orbicular a pink point, the reuiform 
an ill-defined pink lunule ; postmedial line indistinctly double, 
slightly bent outwards below costa, then minutely waved, excurved 
to vein 4, then incurved; cilia with a fine pink line through them. 
Hind Aving pinkish white suffused with brown especially on terminal 
area ; traces of a curved postmedial line ; ciha ochreous white ; the 
underside brownish white, the costal area tinged with pink, an 
indistinct discoidal spot and curved postmedial line. 

Ab. 1. Hind wing pale pink, the terminal area rather darker 
and without brown tinge. 

Hah. S. Russia, Sarepta {Cliristnpli), Zeller, Frey, Leech, and 
D'Emmick Colls. E.vp. 36-44 miilim. 

Larva. Kirby, Butt. & Moths Eur. p. 162 ; Hffin. Raup. p. 74. 

Pale ochreous striated and speckled with dark brown, a broad 
rufous dorsal stripe black on front of each somite and interrupted 
on posterior part ; warts rufous ; stigmata white ringed with black; 
head rufous. Pood-plant : Statice gmellni. 



Genus CALOPHASIDIA, nov. 

Type, C hiccda. 

Proboscis i'ully developed; palpi porrect, extending to well beyond fronsand 
thickly sealed, the 3rd joint short ; frons wit)' corneous prominence with 
raised' edges and central verticnl ridge ; eyes large, round; antennaj of male 
bipectiuare with moderate branches to near apex; thorax thickly clothed with 
hair and hiiir-like scales and without crests; fore tibiae with curved claw at 
extremity on inner side, the mid and In'nd tibite moderately fringed with hair; 
abdomen without crests. Fore wing long and narrow, the apex rounded, the 
terraen obliquely curved and not crenulate ; veins 3 and 5 from near angle 
of cell; 6 from upper angle; 9 from 10 anastomosing with 8 to form the 
aveole ; 11 from cell. Hind wing with veins 3, 4 irom angle of cell ; 5 obsoles- 
cent from below middle of discocellulars ; 6, 7 shortly stalked ; 8 anastomosing 
with the cell near base only. 

Sect. I. Antennas of female with short branches ; frontal prominence with the 
central process short. 

3783. Calophasidia lucala. 

Megalcdes lucala, Swinh. A. M. N. H. (7; ix. p. 168 (1902). 

(5' . Palpi and frons black -brown slightly mixed with grey, 
vertex of head grey, antennae red-brown ; thorax black-brown, the 
outer part of tegulae and the patagia except upper edges white ; 
pectus white tinged with brown ; the greater part of legs black- 
brown, the tarsi ringed with white ; abdomen white dorsally 
tinged with rufous and with shght dark bands at base. Pore wing 
white, the costa black-brown, narrowing to base and expanding 
somewhat towards apex, the inner area suffused with brown with 
a diffused dark yntemedial patch, vein 1, the median nervure and 



CALOPHASIDIA. 



181 



the veins of terminal area with dark streaks ; subbasal and ante- 
medial lines and the stigmata absent ; postmedial line obsolete 
except below vein 3 where it is rather strong and very oblique, a 
dark patch beyond it from below vein 3 to submedian fold and 




Fig. 30. — Calophasldia lucala, (^ . \. 

another dark patch bej^ond it on termen ; the interspaces of 
terminal area with dark streaks, longer above and below vein 5 ; 
cilia white mixed with dark brown, black-brown towards tornus. 
Hind wing pure white. 

2 . Hind wing with the veins tinged with brown, the termen 
suffused with brown. 

Ilab. W. Australia, Sherlock R. (Clements), 1 c? , 1 2 type. 
E.rp. J 38, $ 40 millim. 

Sect. IT. Antennse of female ciliated ; Frontal promirience with the central 
process long with oblique edge. 

A. Fore wing with the ante- and postmedial lines connected by 

a diffused dark fascia in submedian fold radiata. 

B. Fore wing with the antemedial line angled outwards to the 

postmedial line in submedian fold dentifera. 

3784. Calophasldia radiata. 

Megalodes radiata, Swinh. A. M. N. H. (7) ix. p. 168 (1902). 

S . Head and thorax white; palpi, frons, and antennae tinged 
with brown ; tegulse irrorated with dark brown ; vertex of thorax 
streaked with dark brown, the metathorax mostly dark brown ; 




Fig. 31. — Calophasldia radiata, (^ . \. 

legs tinged with brown, the tarsi fuscous ringed with white ; 
abdomen white dorsally tinged with rufous. Pore wing white 
irrorated with brown especially on costal, inner and terminal areas, 
the median nervure and veins of terminal area with slight dark 
streaks ; antemedial line represented by a dark spot on costa and a 
diffused black-brown line from just below middle of median 



182 N0CTriDJ3. 

nervuro, oblique to vein 1, then angled outwards above inner 
margin on which there is a dark mark before it, a diffused dark 
streak in subraediaia fold from it to postrnedial line, which is 
obsolete to vein 2, then incurved and slightly angled outwards on 
vein 1 ; some ferruginous suffusion in submedian interspace before 
the antemedial and beyond the postmedial line ; stigmata absent; 
traces of a medial shade on inner area : some brownish suffusion 
from lower angle of cell to termen ; subterminal line represented 
bj^ an oblique series of short dark streaks from below vein 6 to 
above 2 and a dark mark on outer edge of some ferruginous suffusion 
in snbmedian fold; cilia grey mixed with brown. Hind wing pure 
white. 

2 . Hind wing suffused with brown except basal area. 
Hab. W. Australia, Sherlock 11. (Clements), 5 c? , 4 5 tj'pe. 
Ei'jp. 24-30 millim. 



3785. Calophasidia dentifera, n. sp. (Plate CXXVII, fig. 17.) 

2 . Head and thorax white thicklj' irrorated with black-brown ; 
tarsi with slight pale rings ; abdomen whitish tinged with brown. 
Fore wing violaceous white thickly irrorated with dark brown, the 
median nervure and veins of terminal area with slight dark streaks ; 
antemedial line represented by a dark mark on costa and a strong 
black-brown line from median nervure angled outwards to post- 
medial line in submedian fold, then strongly retraced to vein 1 and 
angled outwards above inner margin on which there is a dark mark 
before it ; postmedial line obsolete to vein 3, then oblique, slightly 
incurved and irregular, an irregular dark bar beyond it ; the 
terminal area with dark streaks above veins 5, 4, 3, the two lower 
extending nearly to cell ; a slight dark terminal line ; cilia mixed 
grey and brown. Hind wing white tinged with brown except 
towards base ; cilia white. 

Mab. W. Australia {Clements), 1 $ type. Exp. 28 millim. 



Genus CETOLA. 

Type. 

Cetola, Wlk. v. 1015 (1855) dentata. 

Proboscis aborted, minute ; palpi oblique, moderately scaled and reaching to 
just beyund frontal tuft ; Irons with truncate conical prominence with raised 
edges containing a large tuft of hair ; eyes large, refund ; antenna; of male bi- 
pectinate with short branches to apex, of female typically with shorter 
branches ; a ridge of scales between antennas ; thorax clothed with rough hair 
and scales, the pro- and metathorax with large spreading crests ; tibijB 
moderately fringed with hair ; abdomen with dorsal crests on basal segments, 
the crests on 2nd and 8rd segments large. Fore wing with the apex rounded, 
the termen and cilia strongly dentate ; veins 3 and 5 from near angle of cell ; 
fi from upper angle; 9 from 10 anastomosing with 8 to form the arcole ; 11 
from cell. Hind wing with veins 3, 4 from angle of cell ; 5 rather strongly 
developed from well above angle; 5, 7 shortly stalked; 8 anastomosing with 
the cell near base only. 



183 



Sect. I. Antennse of female shortly pectinated. 



A. Fore wing with crimson suffusion on costal area to beyond 

middle ruhrieosta. 

B. Fi-re wing with fuscous suffusion on costal area to beyond 

middle dentata. 



3786. Cetola rubricosta. (Plate CXXXII. fig. 32.) 

Cetola rubricosta, Hmpsn. J. Eomb. Soc. Nat. Hist. xvii. p. 658 (1907). 

6 . Head rufous ; tegulse and dorsum of thorax fuscous mixed 
with some grey ; patagia ochreous white tinged with rufous ; 
pectus and legs rufous ; abdomen ochreous white suffused in parts 
with rufous and dorsally with fuscous and grey. Fore wing 
ochreous wliite tinged with pinkish towards base, the costal area 
suffused with crimson to beyond middle, extending to middle of 
cell and with black-brown patch towards apex, a brownish fascia 
on inner margin except towards base ; subbasal line indistinct, 
dark, very highly dentate, from costa to subraedian fold ; ante- 
medial line very indistinct, double filled in with whitish, highly 
dentate ; orbicular tinged with crimson and defined by black except 
below, rather elongate elliptical ; reniform white faintly tinged 
with crimson, defined by black above and by olive-brown suffusion 
below, its upper extremity produced and its lower forming a lobe ; 
the veins beyond the cell with slight olive streaks ; postmedial line 
indistinct, whitish, bent outwards below costa, oblique below vein 4 
and angled inwards in submedian fold, some white points beyond it 
on the blackish costal patch ; subterminal line represented by a 
whitish striga from costa, an oblique olive shade from termen below 
apex to discal fold, intersected by a white streak below vein 7 and 
with a slight black streak below it, an oblique olive shade from 
termen below vein 5 to submedian fold with slight blackish streaks 
on it and an olive shade at tornus ; cilia white with some olive at 
origin of the oblique shade and two brown strise at tornus. Hind 
wing semihyaline white with some brownish ochreous on inner area 
and a brown mark on costa at apex ; the underside with terminal 
series of black points from apex to submedian fold. 

Hub. Ceylon, N. C. Province {Pole), 1 S type. Exp. 46 millim. 

3787. Cetola dentata. 

Cetola dentata, Wlk. v. 1016 (1855) ; Hmpsn. Moths Ind. ii. p. 434. 
Ramesa ligniferata, Wlk. xxxii. 415 (1865). 

cJ . Head, tegulse, and patagia ochreous mixed witb some rufous ; 
vertex of thorax and abdomen chocolate-brown, the latter ochreous 
at extremity; pectus and legs chocolate-brown. Fore wing 
ochreous tinged with rufous especially along median nervure and 
thence to termen and on inner margin except at base ; the costal 
area fuscous brown mixed witb some grey, becoming chocolate- 
brown towards apex ; antemedial line represented by a curved 



184 



■NOCTIIID--E. 



black striga in cell ; orbicular with pale annulus defined bj' black 
at sides only, large, round ; reniform whitish suffused with rufous 
above and defined bj^ black on inner side and above, its upper 
extremity produced and forming a lobe below ; the inner margin 
with fine chocolate-brown streak from below middle to tornus ; 
chocolate-brown streaks beyond upper angle of cell above veins 7, 
6 ; postmedial line represented by very faint double oblicjue streaks 




'E\g.^2.— Cetoladentata,S- \. 

below veins 3 and 2 ; some whitish points on postmedial part of 
costa ; the veins of terminal area with fine dark streaks ; a short 
streak above extremity of vein 4 ; double chocolate-red stria) on 
termen in submedian interspace ; cilia with a chocolate-red line 
through them. Hind wing semihyaline white, the termen slightly 
tinged with red ; the underside with the costa red-brown towards 
apex, a brovcn discoidal lunule and terminal series of slight 
lunules. 

2 . Fore wing suffused Avith rufous ; hind wing red-brown, the 
termen and cilia rufous ; the underside with curved postmedial line 
and diffused subterminal band. 

llah. Punjab, Almorah (Boys), 4 $ type Ugniferata, Deyra 
Dhun, 2 (S; Nepaul, 1 d' type. Exjy. 6 38-42, $"46-48 millim. 

Sect. II. Antenna of female almost simple. 

3788. Cetola radiata, n. sp. 

2 . Head, thorax, and abdomen ochreous tinged with rufous and 
mixed with deep chocolate-red. Fore wing deep chocolate-red, the 








Fig. 33. — Cetola radiata, 2 • t- 

inner area ochreous tinged with rufous ; an ochreous fascia tinged 
with rufous from end of cell to termen and another oblique fascia 



CETOJA. MATOPO. 185 

from end of cell to apex, leaving a wedge-shaped chocolate patch 
between them from termen below apex intersected by an ochreous 
streak below vein 7 ; a fine black streak on inner margin from 
before middle to tornus ; some grey sufiusion in cell ; orbicular and 
reniform large, with rufous centres and grey annuli defined by 
black except above, the former round, the latter with its upper ex- 
tremity produced and its lower part forming a lobe below the cell ; 
a blackish streak along vein 4 and short black streaks in the inter- 
spaces below costa towards apex ; cilia chequered ochreous and 
rufous mixed with some blackish. Hind wing dark fuscous brown, 
the cilia ochreous mixed with fuscous ; the underside irrorated with 
some yellowish white especially on costal area. 

Hah. IsATAL, Durban {Clarke), 1 5 type. Exj>. 50 millim. 



Genus MATOPO. 

Type. 

Matopo, Dist. A. M. N. H. (7) i. p. 227 (1898) typica. 

Proboscis fiiHy developed ; palpi obliquely upturned, the 2iid joint reaching 
about to middle of frons and moderately scaled, the 3rd short, porrect ; Irons 
with large rounded prominence with corneous plate below it; eyes large, 
round ; antenna of male typically bipectinate with rather long branches, the 
apex simple ; thorax clothed chiefly with scales, the pro- and metatborax with 
spreading crests; tibise moderately fringed with hair; abdomen with dorsal 
crest at base only. Fore wing with tlie apex rounded, the termen evenly 
curved and not crenulate ; veins 3 and 5 froui near angle of cell ; 6 from upper 
angle; 9 from 10 anastomosing with 8 to form the areole; 11 frcnn cell. Hind 
wing with veins 3, 4 from angle of cell ; o obsolescent from just below middle 
of discocellulars , (J, 7 from upper angle ; 8 anastomosing with the cell near 
base only. 

Sect. I. Antennas of male bipectinate with rather long branches, the apex 
simple, of female with shorter branches. 

A. Fore wing with the renifbrin figure-of-eight shaped and 

interrupted at midule nigrivittata. 

13. Fore wing with the reniform lunulate. 

a. Fore wing with the cn-bicular extremely elongate and 
narrow. 
a^. Fore wing with the postmedial line angled inwards 

in submedian fold inangulata. 

h^. Fore wing with the postmedial line incurved in sub- 
median interspace typica. 

h. Fore wmg with the orbicular elliptical actinophora. 



3789. Matopo nigrivittata. (Plate CXXVII. fig. 18.) 
Matopo nigrivittata, Hmpsn. Ann. S. Afr. Mus. ii. p. 291 (1902). 

Head and tegulte grey ; palpi, frons, and antennae black-brown ; 
thorax mixed fuscous, brown and grey ; legs fuscous, the tarsi 
ringed with white; abdomen fuscous brown. Fore wing grey- 
brown ; a rufous fascia through the cell to postmedial line, then 
narrowing to terraen^above vein 4, with a diffused black fascia below 



186 NOCTUIDJi]. 

it from orbicular ; submedian interspace rufous to near termen, the 
veins with slight dark streaks ; antemedial line represented by 
slight "whitish points on the veins ; orbicular whitish defined bj^ 
black, small, round ; reniform whitish defined by black, bisected by 
the rufous fascia, the upper part small and triangular, the lower large 
and semicircular ; postmedial line obsolete towards costa, then 
represented by a series of whitish p^ ints on the veins, oblique below 
vein 4 ; the terminal area with slight whifpi streak above vein 4 ; 
cilia fuscous. Hind wing whitish tinged with fuscous brown. 

Hah. Mashonaland, Salisbury {Marshall, Bobbie), Q 6; Trans- 
vaal (Pead), 1 $ . Evp. 30 miJlira. 

3790. Matopo inangulata, n. sp. (Plate CXXVII. fig. 19.) 

c? . Head and thorax pale rufous ; sides of ])alpi and frous 
brownish : antennae brown ; tegulse with brown lines at middle and 
tips ; tarsi black ringed with whitish ; abdomen rufous dorsally 
suffused with brown. Pore wing ochreous suffused with rufous and 
with a brown shade below the cell and from lower angle of cell 
obliquely to termen below apes, the voins towards apex with dark 
streaks defined on each side by white, also the median nervure and 
veins 4, 3, and 1 ; a black streak below the cell from near base 
confiuent with the lower edge of the narrow elongate claviform 
which is defined by black ; a black streak above inner margin before 
the antemedial line, which extends from claviform to inner margin, 
incurved, then strongly angled outwards above inner margin ; 
orbicular very narrow and elongate, defined by brown and with 
brown streak in middle, somewhat expanding at extremity; reni- 
form a small lunule defined at sides by blackish and with brown 
line on discocellulars ; postmedial line almost obsolete towards 
costa, bent outwards below costa and excurvcd to vein 6, below 
vein 6 black defined by rufous and ochreous on oiiter side, incurved 
at discal fold, very oblique from vein 4 to submedian fold, then 
slightly angled outwards on vein 1, some slight pale points beyond 
it on costa ; the terminal area with black streaks above veins 6, 5, 
3, extending to postmedial line ; a terminal series of black points 
produced to short streaks ; cilia red-brown and blackish intersected 
by white at the veins. Hind wing pure white with slight rufous 
terminal line ; the cilia tinged with rufous towards apex ; the 
underside with the costal area slightly tinged with rufous. 

Mab. Rhodesia, Bulawayo (ilia?Wia^Z),l cJ type. £!:ty. 36 millim. 

3791. Matopo typica. 

MatO'po typica, Dist. A. M. N. H. (7) i. p. 227 (1898). 

J . Head and tegulse whitish mixed with red-brown ; palpi 
blackish above ; antennae brown, the tegulae with black medial 
line and brown tips ; thorax blackish and brown mixed with some 
white ; pectus and legs mostly brown, the tarsi black linged with 



MATOPO. 187 

whito ; abdomen white sliglitly tinged with brown, the anal tuft 
blackish. Fore wing dark blue-grey, the costal area and cell 
whitish suffused with rufous to beyond middle, the veins black 
defined on each side by white ; a black streak in base of submedian 
fold and an oblique streak above inner margin before the ante- 
medial line, which is obsolete to submedian fold, then double filled 




Fig. 34. — Mafo'po ty2}ica, t^ . \. 

in with pale rufous and very strongly angled outwards above inner 
margin ; clavit'orm very narrow and defined by black, extending to 
the postmedial line ; orbicular whitish dctined by brown and with 
brown streak in middle, very narrow and elongate, expanding at 
extremity and touching the reniform, which is a small whitish 
lunule tinged with rufous and defined by black ; the white streaks 
defining the veins only extending to termen on costal area and at 
vein 4 ; postmedial line represented by a faint pale striga from 
cosia and below vein 6 by a black line defined by rufous and 
whitish on outer side, beiow vein 4 very strongly incurved to below 
end of cell, escurved at vein 1 and bent outwards to inner margin ; 
some j)ale points on costa towards apex ; the interspaces of terminal 
area with black streaks, above veins 3 and 2 extending to post- 
medial line ; cilia black slightly intersected by white at the veins. 
IJind wing pure white; the veins of terminal half slightly tinged 
with brown ; the termen and cilia suffused with fuscous brown 
except towards tornus, emitting a diffused streak inwards on 
vein 6 ; the underside with the costal and apical areas slightly 
tinged with red-brown. 

5 . Fore wing with a broad band of brownish ochreous lunulate 
markings beyond the postmedial line ; hind wing gre3'-brown. 

Hah. Transvaal {Pead),2 c? , 1 $ , White K. (CooJce), 1 J ; 
Pasuxoland, Maseru {Crawsliay), 1 S ; Cape Colony, Annshaw 
{Miss F. Barrett), 1 S , Transkei {Miss F. Barrett), 1 $ . Exi). 
38-40 millim. 



3792. Matopo actinophora, u. sp. (Plate CXXVII. fig. 20.) 

(5 . Head and thorax ochreous mixed with red-brown ; tegulae 
with dark brown lines at middle and near tips ; tarsi red-brown 
ringed with white ; abdomen white slightly tinged with red-brown. 
Fore wing white tinged and in parts suft'used with red-brown ; the 
veins black defined on each side by white ; subbasal line black, 
angled outwards in cell and ending at submedian fold ; antemedial 



188 



NOCTtJID^. 



line double filled in with oelireous, slightlj excurved below cosfa, 
angled outwards in submedian fold and above inner margin angled 
outwards almost to postmedial line ; claviform narrow and elongate, 
faintly defined by black ; orbicular with brown and fuscous centre 
and whitish annulus defined by black, inwardlj' oblique elliptical; 
reniform with brown centre and whitish annulus defined by black ; 
postmedial line double filled in with whitish, the inner line black, 
the outer rufous, inwardly oblique at costa, below costa very strongly 
bent outwards and almost obsolete, then excurved to vein 6, then 
slightly bent inwards and sinuous, below vein 4 very oblique 
to submedian fold, with a band of rufous suffusion before it from 
vein 6 to inner margin with diffused fuscous line on its inner side 
below vein 3 ; some slight pale points on costa towards apex ; the 
interspaces of terminal area with short black streaks, above vein 6 
extending almost to postmedial line ; cilia brown intersected with 
Avhite at the veins. Hind wing pure white ; the. underside with 
the costa slightly tinged with rufous. 

5 . Hind wing fuscous brown, paler towards base, the cilia 
white. 

Hah. Br. E. Africa, Athi-ya-Mawe (Betton), 5 J , 1 ? type, 
Nairobi (Crawshai/), 1 $, Kilima- njar o (Ha niiington), 1 $. E.iy. 
28-38 millim. 

Sect. II. Antennae of male minutely serrate, of female ciliated. 

A. Fore wing with broad pale subcostal fascia selecta. 

B. Fore wing with the costal halt whitish hemiieuca. 

3793. Matopo selecta. 

Xylophasia selecta, Wlk. xxxii. 646 (1865). 

Calo'phasia lobifera, Moore, P. Z. S. 1881, p. 358 ; Hrapsn. Moths Ind. ii. 
p. 572. 

(S . Head and thorax ochreous mixed with brown ; palpi, frons, 
and antennae brown : tegulse with brown medial line ; tarsi with 
whitish rings ; abdomen ochreous white dorsally suffused with 
brown. Fore wing ochreous white suffused with reddish brown, 
the inner medial area greyish, the veins of terminal half with dark 
streaks defined on each side by white ; subbasal line represented 




Fig. So.^Matopo seUda, c?. 



by a black point on costa ; a dark mark above inner margin before 
the antemedial line, which is, represented by a black point on costa 
and line from claviform to inner margin ; the claviform very elongate, 
ochreous strongly defined by black except the basal part above ; 



MATOPO. 189 

orbicular slightly defined by blackish, somewhat elongate elliptical ; 
renit'orm slightly defined by blackish at sides only and with blackish 
line on discocellulars ; postraedial line very strongly bent outwards 
below costa, oblique to vein 6, then slightly incurved and below 
vein 4 very strongly incurved, some brown suft'iision before it at 
discal told and from vein 3 to inner margin, some white points 
beyond it on cost a; an oblique brown shade from termen below 
apex topostmedial line ; a subterminal series of short black streaks 
in the interspaces between veins 7 and 2 on brownish marks and a 
brown line from vein 2 to inner margin ; a series of small black 
streaks in the interspaces from termen ; cilia brown intei'sected 
with whitish at the veins. Hind wing white ; the veins of terminal 
half and the terminal area towards apex and below vein 2 tinged 
with brown ; the underside with the costal area irrorated with 
brown. 

2 . Hind wing fuscous brown, paler towards base, the cilia 
white. 

JJah. Egypt (Ainnstro^ir/), 1 $ ; Pun.tab, 1 § type, Mean Meer 
(Harford), 4 $ ; Bombay (Swinhoe), 3 $ type lobifera : Madras, 
Cuddapah (Campbell), 1 S ,2 $ . Kxp. 32-36 millim. 

3794. Matopo hemileuca, n. sp. (Plate CXXVII. fig. 21.) 

2 , Head and thorax black-brown ; antennae ochreous white ; 
abdomen ochreous white, the basal crest brown, the ventral surface 
suffused with brown. Fore wing with the costal half ochreous 
white tinged with red-brown to just below cell and vein 4, the 
inner half fuscous brown to postmedial line, the postmedial area 
ochreous white tinged with rutous and the terminal area pale brown 
except at apex ; a diffused black streak in basal half of submedian 
fold ; traces of a dark antemedial line on inner area ; orbicular 
absent ; renilorm ochreous white confluent with the costal area, 
its rounded lower part defined by a triangular black mark in cell 
on its inner side and by a blackish streak from its outer side to post- 
medial line, which is indistinct, oblique, dentate, from vein 6 to 
inner margin ; a minutely waved subterminal line from vein 7 to 
inner margin, slightly angled inwards in submedian fold. Hind 
wing white, the apical area tinged with brown ; the underside with 
the costal area tinged with brown. 

Eab. SiEKKA Leone {Mitford), 1 $ type. Exp. 34 millim. 

Sect. III. Antenna; of male almost simple and somewliat thickened. 

*3795. Matopo neotropicalis. 

Mato'po neotropicalis, D. Jones, Trans. Ent. Soc. 1908, p. 163. 

f? . Head and thorax glossy black, the vertex of head and base 
of tegulfe with some ochreous ; front of pectus and fore legs 
blackish, mid and hind legs fuscous brown ; abdomen white irrorated 



190 



NOCTTTID^. 



with fuscous. Fore wing whitish alrao-t whollj- tinged with pale 
rufous, the aiitemedial area irrorated with a few black scales, the 
terminal halt' of costal area suffused with fuscous ; subbasal and 
anteraedial lines and orbicular absent ; an indistinctly double medial 
line, black towards costa and below vein 2, reddisli at middle and 
excurved at median nervure, with a faint reddish line beyond it 




Fig. 36. — Mafopo neotrnpicalis, (^ . \. 

from lower angle of cell to inner margin ; reniform represented by 
a faint whitish luuule defined by reddish ; traces of a minutely 
waved whitish postmedial line excurved to vein 4, then incurved ; 
the veins and interspaces of terminal area with dark streaks, the 
interspaces between veins 4 and 2 with double streaks meeting 
towards base so as to form elongate V-shaped marks ; a terminal 
series of black points with streaks beyond them intersecting the 
cilia, which are brown and white. Hind wing pure white ; the 
underside with the costal edge dark brown. 

ilah. Brazil, Castro Parana, type t J in Coll. D. Jones. £!.i^j. 
34 millim. 



Genus DELTA. 



Delta, Saalm. Lep. Maclag. p. :26o(]891) 

Trichorhiza*, Hiupsn. Cat. Lep. Pbal. B. M. v. p. lt> (19()5) 



Type. 

sfulijera. 
2Je(erseni. 



Proboscis fully developed ; palpi obliquely porrect, reaching tojiistbeyoiicl frons, 
the '.ind joint rather bruadly (ringed witii hair below, theord short; frons snioulii, 
with riciges of hair at middle and fibuve ; eyes large, round ; anienniE of male 
ciliated ; thorax clothed with hair and scales mixed, the tegulaj produced to a 
dor.sal ridge, the thorax with divided ridge-iike crest; tibiiB fringed with long 
hair on outer side ; abdomen witii dorsal crests on basal segments. Fore 
wing with the apex somewhat produced and acute, tiie ternieii evenly curved 
and crenulate ; veins 3 and 5 from near angle ot cell ; 5 obsolescent from just 
below middle of discocellulars ; 6, 7 from upper angle; 8 anastomosmg with 
the cell near base only. 

A. Fore wing with the reniform expanding below and extending 
to well below cell. 

a. Fore wing with the reniform angled inwards on median 

nervure goniosema. 

b. Fore wing with the reniform not angled inwards on 

median nervure. 
a^. Fore wing with the autemedial line obsolete in sub- 
median interspace intermedia. 

* The characters were taken from a specimen with the head of another 
species stuck on. 



DFLTA. 191 

b^. Fore wing with tlie anteinedial line strongly angled 
outwarris in submediin interspace. 
d^. Hind wing whitish, the terminal aiea suffufed with 

brown ramosula. 

Ir^. Hind wing uniform f iscous brown steuarti. 

Fore winsi with ihe reniform small and not extending to 

bt-low tlie ee'l. 
I. Fore wing with the black fascia in siibmedian interspace 
from base to beyond middle. 
rt\ Fore wing with thesubterniinal line dentate to termen 

throughout stolifcra. 

o'. Fore wirg with the subtei-niinal line dentate to termen 

at veins 7, 4, 3 caonptjla. 

b. Fore wing witiiout black i'ascia in submedian fold from 
ba-e to beyond middle. 
aK Hind wing not tinged with ruf()\is. 

w2. Kore wing without oblique wliite subapieal marks. 
ff3. Fine wing witli tlie chiviform whiti^li deiined by 

black and with two brown streaks in centre gnoriina. 

Z)3. Fore wing with the clavilbrm defined on upper 
edge only, 
a*. Foie wing with oblique brown fascia? from 

termen below apex a,nd vein o detcrdna. 

b'i. Fore wing witii triangular brown patch on 

terhien below apex and quadrate patch beluw 

■vein o. 

«s. Fore wing with the postmedial line angled 

inwards to the antemedial line in sub- 

iTiedian fold indica. 

h^. Fore wing with tlie postmedial line not 

angled inwards in tubmedian fold "peferieni. 

h-. Fore wing with oblique wliite subapieal marks iien. 

hi. Hind wing yellowish tinged with rufous albiclaca. 



3796. Delta goniosema, n. sp. (Plate CXXVII. fig. 22.) 

Auchmis ramoimla, Druce, Biol. Centr.-Am., Het. ii. p. 474, nee Guen. 

5 . Head and thorax grej' tinged with rufous ; palpi red-hrown at 
sides ; brown bars across irons tmd Ijetween antennae ; tegulae with 
slight brown line near base and black line near tips ; pectus, legs, 
and abdomen red-brown, the last with the dorsal crests blackish 
and short lateral black streaks at base. Fore wing grey suffused 
and irrorated with red-brown, the costal and inner areas, and area 
Irom end of cell obliquelj' to apex greyer, the veins with dark 
streaks ; a black streak in basal half of submedian fold and a 
slight oblique streak above inner margin before middle ; orbicular 
very elongate and oblique, defined by black streaks above and 
below ; reniform white tinged with rufous, its upper part not 
defined, its lower part defined by black, obliquely truncate below 
and angled inwards on median nervure, the area round its lower 
part and below the pale oblique apical fascia deeper red-brown ; 
short obliquely placed black subterminal streaks above veins 6, 5, 4 ; 
the extremities of veins 4, 3 defined by dentate whitish marks 
extending to termen, with short black streaks in the interspaces 
above veins 3, 2 ; cilia brown mixed with white. Hind wing: 



192 NOCTuiD.^i:. 

yellowish white sufFuscd with brown especiall}- on terminal area ; 
the underside white with some slight dark points on termen. 

Uuh. Mexico, Jalapa {Trujillo), '1 § type, Godman-Salvin Coll. 
Exp, 36 millim. 

3797. Delta intermedia. 

Cloaniha wtermedia, Brein. Lep. Ost-Sib. p. 53, pi. v. f. 13 (186i) ; 

Hmpsn. Moths Iiid. ii. p. 283 : Staurl. Cat. Lep. pal p. 183. 
Auchmis si/fkimensis, Moore, P. Z. S. 18(57, p. 49, pi. 6. f. 15. 

Head ochreous tinged with rufous, brown bars on frons and 
between antennae ; tegulas with three brown lines defined by white 
on basal half, the terminal half ochreous mixed with brown and 
with black and red-brown tips; thorax ochreous, the patagia with 
black streak near upper edge which is red-brown, the dorsum with 
l)aired black streaks, the metathoracic crest mixed with black ; legs 
red-brown, the tibite and tarsi with black streaks ; abdomen 
ochreous tinged with rufous, the crests blackish at tips. Pore 
wing ochreous suffused with red-brown, the cell and area beyond it 




tip. 

Fig. 37. — I)e( fa intermedia, d". j. 

obliquely to apex and a fascia below it to origin of vein 2 ochreous 
white ; a black streak in submedian fold from bnse to middle and 
another above inner margin from near base ; a slight brown streak 
in middle of cell ; reuiform ochreous white defined by black, faintly 
above, with rufous centre with pale bar on it, extending to well 
below cell, narrowing above and below, with wedge-shaped rufous 
mark before it in lower part of cell, the area round its low^er part 
deep red-brown with dark streaks on the veins, a black streak 
beyond it above vein 4 defined by a whitish streak above ; a wedge- 
shaped black mark above extremity of vein 6 and black streak 
below it ; dentate whitish marks extending to termen defining 
veins 5, 4, 3, which are slightly streaked with brown ; small dentate 
black marks above extremities of veins 3, 2 ; a terminal series of 
sli^'ht brown strise ; cilia ochreous and red-brown. Hind wing 
yellowish white, in female tinged with broAvu, the terminal area 
suflFused with brown; cilia yellowish white; the underside yellowish 
white, the costal area tinged with rufous, the terminal area slightly 
with brown at middle, a slight discoidal lunula and postmedial 
series of black points on the veins. 

Hab. Transvaal (C/ioZmZe?/), 1 ? ; Natal, Victoria Distr. (GoocJi), 
2 5; E. Siberia, Amurland, Ussuri ; Japan, Hakodate, 1 5 , 
Kiushiu, 1 6 , Satsuma (Leech), 1 $ , Tsuruga (Leech), 1 j , 



DELTA. 193 

Yokohama (Jonas), 1 $ ; Corea, Gensan (Leech), 1 5 ; Ceisttr. 
China, Kingpo, 1 5 , Kiukiang (Pratt), 1 $ ; W. China, Chang 
Yang (Pratt), 1 2 , Niton, 1 c? , Chia-kou-ho (Pratt), 1 c? , Ta- 
chien-lu (Pratt), 2 c? ; Kashmir, Goorais Valley (Leech), 1 5 ; 
Pfnjab, Kulu, Sultanpur, 2 (^ , Simla (Harford), 2 5 , Dharmsala 
(Hoclcing), 2 c? , 4 5 , Thundiani (Yerhury), 1 5 ; Sikhim, 3 c? type 
sikJcimensis ; Madras, Nilgiris (Hampson), 1 d', 1 $ ; Ceylon 
(Green), 1 $ . E-.rjo. 32-34 millim. 

3798. Delta ramosula. (Plate CXXVII. fig. 23.) 

Cloantha ramosula, Guen. Noct. ii. p. 114, pi. 9. f. 1 (1852) ; Grote, Bull. 
Buff. Soc. Nat. Sci. i. p. 83, pi. 2. f. 1(3 ; Smith, Cat. Noct. N. Am. 
p. 167. 

Head and thorax grey mixed with reddish brown ; frons with 
black bars at middle and above ; tegulse with slight dark lines at 
middle and near tips ; pectus red-brown ; mid tibisB with a black 
streak, the tarsi brown with pale rings ; abdomen ochreous suffused 
with rufous, the dorsal crests blackish at tips. Fore wing grey 
suif used with red-brown, the cell and area beyond it obliquely to 
apex ochreous white tinged with rufous, the veins with dark 
streaks ; a black streak in basal half of submedian fold slightly 
defined by whitish above : a short black streak above inner margin 
before middle ; faint traces of an antemedial line very strongly 
angled outwards in submedian interspace and above inner margin 
and inwards on vein 1 ; orbicular represented by two slight rather 
oblique black streaks in cell ; reniform yellowish white defined by 
black on inner side and below and its centre by rufous, constricted 
at middle, exp-anding below and extending to below angle of cell, 
the area round its lower part deep red-brown, a short black streak 
from it above vein 4 ; the pale apical fascia defined by blackish below ; 
short subterminal black streaks above veins 6, 5, 4 ; veins 4, 3 
defined by dentate whitish marks extending to termen and wedge- 
shaped black marks from termen above veins 2, 3 ; a terminal 
series of black striae ; cilia dark brown intersected with white 
at the veins. Hind wing ochreous white, the terminal area 
broadly suffused with reddish brow^n, more uniformly suffused in 
female ; cilia ochreous white ; the underside yellowish white, the 
costal and terminal areas slightly irrorated with brown, a small 
discoidal spot and indistinct minutely waved curved postmedial 
line. 

Hah. Canada (Norman~), 1 5 ; U.S.A., Northern, Eastern, Middle 
and Central States, New' York, Albany (IF. W. Hill), 2 J , 3 $ . 
Exp. 36-40 millim. 

3799. Delta steuarti. (Plate CXXVII. fig. 24.) 

Aciinotia stcwarti, Grote, Can. Ent. vii. p. 28 (1875) ; Smith, Cat. Noct. 
N. Am. p. 167. 

5 . Head and thorax violaceous grey mixed with dark brown ; 
dark bars above frons and between antennas ; tegulse with slight 

VOL. VIII. o 



19 i NOCXtriD,!'.. 

brown line near base and black line near tips ; metatboracic crest 
blackisb ; tarsi blackish with pale rings ; abdomen grey-brown 
Avith the dorsal crests blackish. Fore wing violaceous grey 
strongly suffused and irrorated with dark reddish brown, the base 
of cell and area just below it, the terminal part of inner area and 
the area from end of cell obliquely to apex rather greyer, the veins 
wdth slight dark streaks ; a strong black streak in basal half of 
submedian fold ; orbicular narrow, elongate, ra.thcr oblique with 
slight white annulus strongly defined by black ; reniform white 
suffused with rufous above, defined by black on inner side and below, 
expanding and rounded below, a black streak from it to termen 
above vein 4 ; subterminal black streaks above veins 6 and 5, the 
latter longer, and short terminal black streaks in the interspaces 
above veins 3 and 2. Hind wing deep fuscous brown ; the under- 
side grey irrorated and suffused with reddish brown, an indistinct 
diffused curved postmedial line. 

Hah. U.S.A., Washington Terr., 1 $ , California, 2 $ type, Lake 
Co. {Walsingham), 4 $ . Exp. 2S-38 millim. 

*3800. Delta stolifera. 

Delta stolifera, Saalm. Lep. Madag. p. 264, f. 101 (1891). 

5 . Head and thorax grey-brown with a slight rufous tinge ; 
abdomen grey-brown. Fore winy; grej'-brown, the costa tinged 
with fuscous, the area just beyond the cell with rufous ; the cell 
almost entirely occupied by a wedge-shaped black patch ; a black 
fascia in submedian interspace from base to near termen expanding 
at middle and tapering at extremities ; orbicular and reniform small 
with blackish centres and ochreous annuli, the former elongate and 
very narrow, the latter lunulate ; a wedge-shaped blackish patch 
between veins 4 and 2 from lower angle of cell to the subterminal 
line defined above by a pale curved streak ; subterminal line dentate 
to termen throughout, wiih slight blackish lunules before it on inner 
side between veins 6 and 4 and w^edge-shaped black marks beyond 
it in the interspaces ; a terminal series of black points. Hind wing 
fuscous brown, semihyaline whitish at base ; cilia ochreous. 

Hah. Madagascae, Nossi-Be. Exp. 40 millim. This species is 
unknown to me. 

3801. Delta campyla, n. sp. (Plate CXXVII. fig. 2b.) 

5 . Head and thorax ochreous mixed with rufous ; tegulas finely 
barred with red-brown and whitish, the tips deep rufous ; patagia 
with black streak near uyiper edge which is deep rufous, pectus 
w^hitish at sides ; mid and hind tibia' with rufous streaks, the spurs 
banded with black ; abdomen reddish ochreous suffused with brown, 
the ventral surface rufous. Fore wing ochreous tinged with rufous, 
the veins with dark streaks defined on each side by whitish ; a 
black streak in submedian fold from base to postmedial line defined 
by red-brown below; another black streak above inner margin 
from near base to beyond middle ; a black streak in lower part of 



DELTA. 195 

cell from before middle to extremity below the orbicular, which is 
whitish, very narrow and elongate, pointed at extremity ; renifortn 
very narrow and rather oblique with pale rufous centre and whitish 
annulus, a somewhat arched whitish streak from its lower extremity 
to postmedial line, which is very indistinct, with dark points on the 
veins towards costa, bent outwards below costa, with a V-shaped 
brown mark in discal fold, then represented by an oblique series of 
black points on the veins, and with wedge-shaped pale mark beyond 
it on each side of veins 4, 3 extending to termen ; a triangular 
dark brown patch on terminal area from below vein 7 to above 
vein 4 and wedge-shaped patches above veins 3 and 2, these patches 
with black points on termen defined on inner side by pale points ; 
cilia brown intersected by whitish. Hind wing white ; the veins 
dark; the costal, inner and terminal areas suffused with brown; 
cilia ochreous white ; the underside with the apical area suffused 
with ferruginous, the terminal half of costal area sparsely irrorated 
with black, a terminal series of black points from apex to vein 2. 

Hah. SiEEEA, Leone (Caior, Bartlett, Austen), 4 § type. Exp. 
40 millim. 

*3802. Delta gnorima. (Plate CXXVII. fig. 26.) 

Bhizogramma gnorima, Piing. Iris, 1906, p. 220, pi. viii. f. 6. 

S . Head and thorax whitish tinged with pale rufous ; palpi 
with black streak at sides ; frons with lateral black bars ; tegulae 
with some black scales at middle and slight blackish tips ; patagia 
strongly edged with black ; mid and hind femora and tibi« with 
black streaks ; abdomen pale ochreous tinged with rufous, the crest 
at base tipped with brown, sublateral black streaks on median 
segments. Fore wing whitish slightly tinged with brown, the cell, 
submedian interspace and area beyond the cell suffused with bright 
red-brown to postmedial line; the costa irrorated with brown; 
the veins with fine black streaks slightly defined by white ; subbasal 
line represented by a very oblique black striga from costa ; a sinuous 
black streak in base of submedian fold; a whitish fascia along bnse 
of median nervure with short black streaks on and above it, then 
bent upwards to upper edge of orbicular ; antemedial line repre- 
sented by a very oblique striga from costa, a very oblique line from 
median nervure to claviform and an inwardly oblique line slightl}- 
defined by white on inner side from claviform to vein 1; claviform 
narrow, whitisli defined by black and with two slight brown streaks 
in centre; orbicular very narrow, oblique and elongate, whitish 
defined by black, its centre defined by a fine brown line ; reniform 
a very narrow lunule with its extremities much produced, with 
brown centre and whitish annulus defined by black ; postmedial 
line obsolete except on costal area where it is black defined by 
whitish on outer side and strongly bent outwards ; a very obliquely 
curved dark brown fascia from termen just below apex to lower 
angle of cell ; a strong dentate dark brown mark from termen 
below vein 4 and a very oblique streak below vein 3 from termen 

o2 



196 NOCTtTIDiE, 

to below angle of cell ; a fine waved black terminal line ; cilia 
brown with fine whitish line at base. Hind wing ochreous white 
tinged with red-brown, the veins and terminal area except towards 
tornus suffused with red-brown ; cilia white ; the underside white, 
the costal and terminal areas faintly tinged with brown, a post- 
medial series of dark points on the veins from costa to vein 2. 

Hah. \V. Turkestan, Aschabad, type f d in Coll. Piingeler. 
Exp. 42 millim. 

3803. Delta detersiua. (Plate CXXVII. fig. 27.) 

Bhizogramma detersina. Stand. Iris, ix. p. 369, pi. 4. f. 11 (1896); id. 
Cat. Lep. pal. p. 183. 

^ . Head and thorax grey mixed with some brown ; palpi with 
black mark at extremity of 2nd joint ; frons with lateral black bars 
above and below ; a black bar between antennae ; tegulse with black 
medial line and dark brown tips ; patagia with blackish streaks on 
edges ; tibiae and tarsi streaked with black ; abdomen grey mixed 
with brown, the crests blackish at tips. Fore wing grey slightly 
irrorated with brown, the end of cell and area just beyond and 
below it suffused with red-brown, the veins streaked with black ; 
a strong black streak in basal half of submedian fold defined by 
brown below, confluent with the small, narrow, black-defined 
claviform which has a black streak from its upper extremity ; orbi- 
cular white defined by black, very oblique and elongate, narrowing 
towards extremity and confluent with the reniform, a small black 
mark in its upper extremity and a black streak in its lower part 
extending into the reniform, which is white, its lower part defined 
by black, its centre slightly by brown on inner side and its upper 
extremity produced ; postmedial line whitish defined by black 
above towards costa, bent outward below costa, then oblique and 
almost obsolete ; a black streak from termen below apex and an 
oblique series on a brown shade from above vein 6 to below 5 ; 
terminal black streaks on dentate brown marks above veins 3, 2 
and black streaks on a biown shade above and below submedian 
fold in which there is a black streak extending to inner side of 
postmedial line; a terminal seriis of slight black lunules; cilia 
brownish ochreous intersected with white at the veins and with 
series of fuscous lunules. Hind wing whitish ; the veins dark ; 
the terminal area broadly suffused with brown to submedian fold ; 
eilia ochreous white with a brown line through them ; the underside 
white, the costal and terminal areas irrorated with brown, a slight 
discoidal lunule and postmedial series of minute blo,ck streaks on 
the veins. 

Hah. W. TuKKESTAisr, Ferghana, Tarbagatai, Issyk Kul, 1 S ; 
E. Ttieeestan, Kashgar, Hi. Eay. 42 millim. 

3804. Delta indica. (Plate CXXVII. fig. 28.) 
Xylojpliasia indica, Wlk. xxxii. 647 (1865): Hnipsn. Moihs Ind. ii. p. 236. 
Head ai.d thorax greyish tinged with red-brown ; palpi brown 



DELTA. 197 

except at tips ; frons and vertex of head with black-brown bars ; 
tegiilse with black lines at middle and near tips; patagia with black 
streak near upper edge ; mid and hind tibiae with black streaks, 
the fore tarsi blackish at extremity ; abdomen grey tinged with 
brown, the crests brownish at tips. Fore wing grey tinged with 
brown, the veins streaked with black ; a short black streak below 
base of costa Avith another beyond it in cell and a very oblique 
striga from median nervure to submedian fold in which there is a 
black streak from base to middle, forming a dentate mark at 
extremity enclosing a whitish mark representing the claviform ; 
antemedial line represented by an oblique striga from costa and a 
line from extremity of claviform angled outwards in submedian fold 
and above inner margin and inwards on vein 1, a short dark streak 
beyond the claviform ; orbicular defined by blackish, elongate, acute 
at extremity and touching the reuiform, which is a narrow pale 
lunule defined by blackish ; postmedial line almost obsolete and 
whitish from costa to vein 2, strongly bent outwards below costa 
and excurved to vein 4, below vein 2 represented by a slight brown 
line defined by whitish on outer side, angled inwards in submedian 
fold to the antemedial line and outwards on vein 1 ; an arched 
black streak from lower extremity of reniform to near termen and 
a short streak above middle of vein 3 ; the terminal area with 
triangular brown patch from below apex to vein 4 extending to 
postmedial line, and rather wedge-shaped patch between vein 3 and 
submedian fold ; the interspaces of terminal area with black streaks 
extending on the brown patches to postmedial line, the streak above 
vein 3 rather downcurved ; cilia brown intersected with whitish 
at the veins. Hind wing whitish tinged with brown, the veins, 
inner and terminal areas suffused with brown ; cilia white ; the 
underside with the costal and terminal areas slightly irrorated 
with brown, a slight discoidal lunule and postmedial series of shon 
dark streaks on the veins. 

Hah. Punjab, 2 S type, Kulu, Sultanpur {G. Young), 4 $ , Simla 
(Sivinhoe), 1 J » 1 2 j Kasauli, 1 S , Dalhousie, 1 d* , Thundiani 
{Yerhury). 1 $, Kangra {Dudgeon), 1 S, Dharmsala {HocJcing), 
6 d" , 2 $ , Manpuri, 1 d • E^rj^. 46-50 millim. 

3805. Delta peterseni. 

Ehizoqrmnma peterseni, Christ. Eoin. Mem. iii. p. 76, pi. iv. f. 3 (1887) ; 
Huipsn. Cat. Lep. Phal. B.M. t. p. 14 ; Stand. Cat. Lep. pal. p. 183. 

Head and thorax grey mixed with brown ; tegulse brown at tips ; 
abdomen grey irrorated with brown. Fore wing grey irrorated 
with reddish brown ; subbasal line represented by brown striae 
from costa and median nervure ; a black streak with slight brown 
suffusion below it below the cell from base to the antemedial line, 
which is indistinct and angled outwards in submedian fold and 
above inner margin ; claviform defined by a slight brown line above ; 
orbicular and reniform small, defined by brown, the former oblique 
elliptical; postmedial line unusually near termen, very minutely 



198 NOCTUID-K. 

waved, double, slightly bent outwurds bebjw costa, oblique to vein 5, 
then inwardly oblique ; sub:erminal line angled outwards at vein 7, 
retracted to postmedial line at vein 5, dentate to termen at veins 4, 
3, then retracted to postmedial line at submedian fold, the area 
beyond it brown except at apex and inner margin ; a lunulate 
terminal black line ; cilia intersected with whitish. Hind wing 
white, the veins and terminal area tinged with brown; the under- 
side with the costal and terminal areas slightly irrorated with 
brown, a postmedial series of points on the veins. 

Bab. N. Peesia, 1 (^ ; W. Turkestan, Turcomania, 1 S •, Issyk 
Kul, 1 5 ; W. SiBEKiA, Altai, 1 J ; E. Ttjekestan, Kuidja, 1 S . 
Eay. 38 millim. 

3806. Delta nea. 

Heferocampa nea, Dnice, Biol. Centr.-Am., Hefc. ii. p. 458, pi. 90. f. 22 
(1898;. 

S . Head and thorax ochreous mixed with red-brown ; palpi 
red-brown except at tips ; tegultfi with rufous line near tips ; 
pectus and legs with some rufous hair ; abdomen ochreous suifused 
with rul'ous, the anal tuft large. Fore wing ochreous irrorated 
with brown and suiJused with brown on costal and inner areas ; a 
black streak below basal half of cell : subbasal line represented by 
a very oblique dark striga from costa ; antemedial line obsolete 
from costa to submedian fold, then extremely strongly dentate 
outwards above and below vein 1 and inwards on vein 1 ; claviform 
and orbicular absent ; reniform a rather small lunula defined by 
brown ; slight dark streaks beyond the cell on veins 7 and 5 ; post- 
medial line indistinct, bent outwards below costa, then dentate and 
produced to black points on the veins, very obliLjue from vein 4 to 
below 2, some white points beyond it on costa ; a brown subter- 
minal line between veins 8 and 7, strongly bent inwards and 
defined by whitish above, an oblique triangular brown patch from 
termen below apex to below vein 5, defined by whitish above, and 
a Avedge-shaped brown mark on extremity of vein 2. Hind wing 
ochreous white ; the veins brown ; the terminal area suffused with 
red-brown becoming fuscous towards inner edge ; the underside 
with small dark diseoidal spot and postmedial series of minute dark 
streaks on the veins. 

Bah. Panama, Chiriqui ; Pk. Guiana, St. Jean Maroni [Schaus), 
1 cS ; Bolivia, Yungas-la-Paz. Exjj. 44 millim. 



*3807. Delta albiclava. (Plate CXXVII. fig. 29.) 
Delfa albiclava, Dnice, A. M. N. H. (8) i. p. 302 (1908). 

(S . Head and thorax ochreous tinged with rufous ; palpi brown : 
frons with black bar above ; pectus and legs greyish ochreous suf- 
fused with red-brown ; abdomen greyish ochreous irrorated with 
brown. Fore wing ochreous suff'used with rufous, the veins of 



DELTA. ANDROl'ULIA. 199 

terminal area streaked with black ; subbasal and antemedial 
lines absent ; a black streak in submedian fold to the claviform, 
which is very narrow and elongate, white defined by black ; orbi- 
cular defined by black, very narrow and oblique ; reniform a faint 
slight oblique ochreous lunule defined by black on inaer side, some 
dark suffusion between them extending to costa ; postmedial line 
slight, black, dentate, oblique to vein 6, below vein 4 oblique to 
extremity of claviform, then erect ; an oblique diffused ochreous 
shade from apex to reuiform ; subterminal line absent ; the extre- 
mity of vein 4 with yellow streak below and vein 3 defined on each 
side by a dentate yellow mark ; a fine black terminal line. Hind 
wing yellowish white tinged with rufous, the veins of terminal half 
streaked with brown ; the underside with the costal and terminal 
areas slightly irrorated with black, a slight discoidal spot and 
indistinct curved minutely dentate postmedial line. 

Hub. Peru, Huancabamba, type f c? in Coll. Druce. Exp. 
36 millim. 



Genus ANDROPOLIA. 

lype. 

Andropolia, Grote, Abh. Nat. Ver. Bremen, xiv. p. 82 (1895), 

non descr , theodori. 

Proboscis fully developecl ; palpi upturned, the 2nd joint reaching about to 
middle of irons and moderately fringed with hair, the 3rd short, porrect ; frons 
smooth with ridges of hair above and between antennaj ; eyes large, round ; 
thorax clothed with hair and scales mixed, the pro- and metathorax with 
spreading crests ; tibiiE moderately fringed with hair ; abdomen with rough 
hair at base and more or less developed dorsal series of crests. Fore wing 
with the apex rectangular, the termen evenly curved, crenulate ; veins 3 and 5 
from near angle of cell ; 6 from upper angle; 9 from 10 anastomosing with 8 
to form the areole ; 11 from cell. Hind wing with veins 3, 4 from angle of 
cell ; 5 obsolescent from just below middle of discocellulars ; 6, 7 from upper 
angle ; 8 anastomosing with the cell near base only. 

Sect. I. Antennte of male bipectinate with long branches to near apes. 

A. Fore wing with the ante- and postmedial lines distinct... diversilineata. 

B. Fore wing with the ante- and postmedial lines almost 

obsolete illepida. 

3808. Andropolia diversilineata. 

Hadena diversilineata, Grote, Bull. U.S. Geol. Geog. Surv. Terr. iii. p. 119 

(1877); Smith, Cat. Noct. N. Am. p. 165. 
Folia illepida, Grote, Can. Ent. si. p. 95 (1879), S? (nee S ). 

Head, thorax, and abdomen grey mixed with fuscous ; frons with 
blackish lateral bars ; tegulse with slight blackish medial line and 
tips; tarsi blackish ringed with white. Pore wing grey-white 
thickly irrorated with black ; subbasal line represented by a striga 
from costa and a curved streak from cell to base at vein 1 ; ante- 
medial line defined by whitish on inner side, oblique, slightly 
angled outAvards below costa and more strongly above inner 



200 



KOCTrlD.3!:. 



margin ; claviform narrow, slightly defined by black ; orbicular and 
reniform rather small, defined by black, the former whitish, oblique 
elliptical, the latter with fuscous centre and whitish annuliis ; a 
diffused medial line oblique from costa to below angle of cell, then 
inwardly oblique ; postmedial line black defined by white on outer 
side, bent outwards below costa, then minutely dentate, oblique 




Fig. 38. — Andropolia diversilineata, J. \. 

below vein 4, crossed by a black streak in submedian interspace ; 
subterminal line formed by a series of somewhat dentate black 
marks almost obsolete towards costa, the area beyond it darker, 
strongly indented by the grey area on veins 7, 6, 4, 3 ; a terminal 
series of small black lunules ; cilia fuscous with a fine white line 
at base. Hind wing white, the veins and terminal area slightly 
tinged with fuscous, more strongly in female ; the underside with 
the costal area irrorated wdth fuscous, a slight discoidal spot and 
sinuous postmedial line. 

Hah. U.S.A., Colorado, '2 $ type iUepda § , Manitou, Lurango 
(Oslar), 1 c? , 3 $ , Nevada, N. Mexico. Fxp. 40-44 millim. 



3809. Andropolia illepida. (Plate CXXVII. fig. 30.) 

Folia illepida, Grote, Can. Ent. xi. p. 95 (1879), cJ (nee §); Smith, Cat. 

Noct. N. Am. p. 165. 
Folia resoluta. Smith, Trans. Am. Ent. Soc. xxi. p. 70, pi. 5. f. 6 (1894) ; 

Dyar, Cat. Lep. N. Am. p. 120. 

J . Head and thorax grey tinged with reddish brown ; frons with 
blackish lateral bars ; tegulae with slight dark medial line ; patagia 
with dark line near upper edge ; tarsi brown with pale rings ; 
abdomen whitish suffused and irrorated with ochreous brown. 
Fore wing pale grey suffused and irrorated with pale red-brown ; 
the base of inner margin whitish ; subbasal line indistinctly double, 
angled outwards at middle and ending at vein 1 ; antemedial line 
almost obsolete with pale and black striga from costa and slight 
streaks on subcostal nervure and vein 1 ; the veins of terminal half 
with fine black streaks ; claviform small, elongate, defined by brown ; 
orbicular and reniform small defined by brown, the former round, 
the latter defined by rufous ; traces of an oblique medial line from 
costa to median nervure ; postmedial line almost obsolete, pale with 
black point at costa, bent outwards below costa and oblique below 



ANDROPOLTA. 201 

vein 4, crossed by a black streak from siibterrainal line above sub- 
median fold ; subterminal line blackish, somewhat dentate, almost 
obsolete towards costa, angled inwards to postmedial line in discal 
and submedian folds, dentate nearlj' to termen at veins 4, 3, 1 and 
running inwards as a streak above inner margin to antemedial line ; 
a terminal series of slight black lunules ; a tine white line at base 
of cilia. Hind wing white, the veins and terminal area slightly 
tinged with brown; a postmedial series of minute dark streaks on 
the veins ; a terminal series of dark striae ; the underside with the 
costal area slightly irrorated with brown. 

Hah. U.S.A., Colorado, 1 J type, Exj). 42 millim. 

Sect. II. Antennae of mule serrate. 

A. Fore wing with the ground-colour blue-grey. 

a. Fore wing with the teruiinal area concolorous pulveridenta. 

b. Fore wing with the terminal area darker contacta. 

B. Fore wing with the ground-colour grey-white. 

a. Fore wing with the claviform distinctly defined by 

black 'pallifcra. 

b. Fore wing with the claviform obsolete. 

a}. Fore wing with the orbicular small, defined by black 

scales clispar. 

b^. Fore wing with the orbicular large, defined by 

ochreous ochracea. 



3810. Andropolia pulverulenta. (Plate CXXVII. fig. 31.) 

Polia pulverulenta, Smith, Ti-ans. Am. Ent. Soc. xviii. p. 106 (1891) ; id. 
Oat. Noct. N. Am. p. 1(56. 

J . Head and thorax blue-grey mixed with black ; frons with 
blackish bar ; tegula) with slight medial line ; tarsi blackish ringed 
with white ; abdomen grey largely mixed with fuscous. Fore wing 
blue-grey thickly irrorated with black ; subbasal line slight, angled 
inwards in cell, from costa to submedian fold ; antemedial line 
strong, waved, somewhat oblique ; claviform narrow, defined by 
black ; orbicular and reniform prominently defined by black, the 
former round, the latter large ; a fairly distinct medial line, oblique 
from costa to lower angle of cell, then inwardly oblique and 
irregularly waved ; postmedial line bent outwards below costa, then 
dentate, oblique below vein 4 ; subterminal line represented by a 
series of diffused dentate black marks except towards costa, angled 
outwards at veins 7, 6, 4, 3 ; a terminal series of small black 
lunules. Hind wing grey thickly irrorated with fuscous, a difiused 
discoidal spot, curved postmedial line, and somewhat lunulate 
terminal line more distinct on underside. 

Hab. Canada, Alberta, Calgary {Wolley-Dod), 1 S ', U.S.A., 
Colorado. Exp. 50 millim. 



202 



KOCTviD^;;. 



3811. Andropolia contacta. 

Acronycta contacta, Wlk. is. 58 (1856); Smith, Cat Noct. N. Am. p. 166. 
Acronycta aspera, Morr. Proe. Bost. Soc. N. H. xvii. p. 132 (1874). 
Polia diffusilis, Harv. Can. Ent. x. p. 56 (1878). 

Folia sansar, Streck. Lep. Rhop. Het., Suppl. i. p. 8 (1898) ; Dyar, Cat. 
Lep. N. Am. p. 120. 

Head and thorax grey mixed with dark brown and fuscous ; 
frons with blackish bar; tegulse with slight blackish medial line; 
patagia with blackish streak near upper edge ; abdomen grey 
suffused with brown. Fore wing blue-grey tinged with brown and 
irrorated with black, the terminal area darker, the veins with dark 
streaks ; subbasal line dentate, from costa to submedian fold ; 





Fig. 39. — Andro2)oUa contacta, J . J. 

antemedial line blackish slightly defined by white on inner side, 
oblique, angled outwards below costa and above inner margin and 
inwards on vein 1 ; claviform narrow, rather indistinctly defined by 
black; orbicular and reniform defined by black, the former rather 
oblique elliptical ; an indistinct medial line oblique from costa to 
lower angle of cell, then inwardly oblique ; postmedial line bent 
outwards below costa, oblique to vein 6, then inwardly oblique and 
dentate, the area beyond it rather greyer to the subterminal line 
which is represented by a series of dentate blackish marks, the grey 
area forming strong teeth on veins 7, 6, 4, 3 ; the terminal area 
suffused with fuscous ; a terminal series of small black lunules. 
Hind wing grey suffused and irrorated with brown, the veins and a 
fine terminal line darker; cilia whitish with a brown line at base; 
the underside white irrorated with brown, a discoidal spot and 
sinuous postmedial line. 

Hah. Canada, Hudson's Bay, St. Martin's Falls {Barnston), 1 cj" , 
2 2 type; U.S.A., Jv^ew York, Adirondack Mts., Lewis Co. {W. W. 
Hill), 1 (S type diffusilis, Washington. Exj). 50-5-1 millim. 



3812. Andropolia pallifera. (Plate CXXYII. fig. 32.) 

Folia pallifera, Grote, Can. Ent. ix. p. 88 (1877); Smith, Oat. Noct. 
N. Am. p. 166. 

$ . Head and thorax grey mixed with brown ; tegulae with slight 



AIS'DEOPOLIA. 203 

dark medial line, patagia with some black scales near upper edge ; 
tarsi banded Avith fuscous ; abdomen brownish white. Pore wing 
grey-white largely suffused and irrorated Avith reddish brown ; 
subbasal line defined by whitish on outer side, waved, from costa 
to vein 1, a slight black streak in submedian fold from it to the 
antemedial line, which is double, waved, somewhat oblique ; clavi- 
form large, defined by black and filled in with brown ; orbicular 
and reniform large, defined by black, the former round, the latter 
somewhat quadrate; an indistinct curved, dentate medial line; 
postmedial line indistinctly double, the inner line black, bent out- 
vpards below costa, then dentate, below vein 4 incurved to lower 
eJge of reniform, some brown suffusion between it and medial 
line, some white points beyond it on costa ; subterminal line very 
indistinct, whitish, defined on inner side by slight dentate brown 
marks and with some brown beyond it at middle, slightly angled 
outwards at \ein 7 and excurved at middle ; traces of some black 
luuules on termen ; cilia brown intersected with grey. Hind wing 
grey sutf'used with ochreous brown, more fuscous on terminal area, 
a sinuous postmedial line and indistinct difi'used grey subterminal 
band ; a slight dark terminal line ; cilia ochreous brown at base, 
whitish at tips ; the underside with slight discoidal luuule, sinuous 
postmedial line with minute dark streaks on the veins, and traces 
of subterminal line. 

Hah. U.y.A., Illinois, 1 $ type. Exp. 48 millim. 



*3813. Andropolia dispar. (Plate CXXVIII. fig. 1.) 

Folia dlspar. Smith, Pr. U.S. Nat. Mus. xxii. p. 473 (1900); Dyar, Cat. 
Lep. N. Am. p. 120. 

Head, thorax, and abdomen white slightly tinged with ochreous ; 
tegulae with slight dark line near tips; patagia with diffused dark 
lines near edges. Fore wing whitish slightly tinged with ochreous 
and with fuscous irroration obscuring the markings ; subbasal line 
represented by slight dark marks on costa ; antemedial line repre- 
sented by a few dark scales and hardly traceable, strongly angled 
outwards in the interspaces, iu submedian fold almost reaching 
postmedial line, the tooth in cell forming a small black mark before 
orbicular, which is small, round, slightly defined by black scales ; 
reniform large with faint ochreous annulus defined by fuscous, the 
lower part tinged with fuscous ; medial shade diffused fuscous, 
oblique from costa to median nervure, then inwardly oblique ; post- 
medial line indistinct and incomjDlete, strongly dentate outwards 
on the veins and inwards in the interspaces, more distinct in sub- 
median interspace ; subterminal line only defined by dentate dark 
marks on its inner side ; a terminal series of black lunules ; cilia 
whitish with a dark line through them. Hind wing white, in 
female with the veins fuscous, the terminal area irrorated with 
fuscous towards tornus and a dark terminal line; the underside 
white with small discoidal spot. 



201 KOCTUID.E. 

llah. U.S.A., Colorado, Glenwood Springs. Exp. d 42, 5 
45 millim. This species is unknown to me 5 figured from a drawing 
from tj'pe in U.S. Nat. Mus. 

*3814. Andropolia ochracea. (Plate CXXVIII. fig. 25.) 

Folia ochracea, Smith, Pr. U.S. Nat. Mus. xxii. p. 47-1: (1900); Dyar, 
Cat. Lep. N. Am. p. 120. 

S . Head and thorax greyish tinged with ochreous and irrorated 
with fuscous; abdomen ochreous white. Pore wing grey-white 
tinged with ochreous and irrorated with fuscous, the costal area and 
cell tinged with blackish before the antemedial line, the medial 
area more thickly irrorated ; subbasal line represented by double 
black striae from costa and cell filled in with whitish ; antemedial 
line single, oblique, excurved below cell and angled outwai-ds above 
inner margin ; orbicular and reniform large, the former defined by 
ochreous at sides and open above and below, the latter defined by 
ochreous at sides ; medial shade diffused, Avaved, interrupted ; post- 
medial line single, bent outwards below costa, then dentate, incurved 
below vein 4 and connected with antemedial line by a dark streak 
in submedian fold, some white points beyond it on costa ; sub- 
terminal line represented by a series of ochreous lunules defined on 
inner side by dentate dark marks ; a fine interrupted black terminal 
line. Hind wing whitish slightly tinged with fuscous : a dark 
discoidal lunule, curved postmedial line and diffused subterminal 
band ; a lunulate blackish terminal line ; the underside tinged with 
yellowish, a dark discoidal lunule and curved postmedial line. 

Hah. U.S.A., Iowa. Exp. 43 millim. This species is unknown 
to me ; figured from a drawing from type in U.S. Nat. Mus. 



Sect. III. Antennas of male ciliated. 

A. Fore wing without distinct black streak in base of submedian 

fold. 

a. Fore wing not suffused with ferruginous or purplish red. 

a^. Fore wing with the ground-colour white olorina. 

b^. Fore wing with the ground-colour blue-grey. 

a/^. Fore wing with the terminal area concolorous aedon. 

b"^. Fore wing with the terminal area darker extincta. 

b. Fore wing suifused with ferruginous or purplish red theodori: 

B. Fore wing with prominent black streak in base of submedian 

fold. 

a. Fore wing with the ante- and postmedial lines distinct maxima. 

b. Fore wing with the ante- and postmedial lines almost 

obsolete acera. 



3815. Andropolia olorina. (Plate CXXVIII. fig. 29.) 

Hadena olorina, Grote, Bull. Buff. Soc. Nat. Sci. iii. p. 84 (1876) ; Smith, 
Cat. Noct. N. Am. p. 165. 

J . Head and thorax white slightly mixed with black ; frons 



ANDEOPOLIA. 205 

with black bar ; tegulse with slight black medial line ; patagia 
with blackish line near upper edge ; tarsi banded with blackish ; 
abdomen white tinged with brown. Pore wing white irrorated 
with black ; the veins faintly streaked with black ; subbasal line 
dentate, from costa to vein 1 ; antemedial line oblique, dentate ; 
hardly a trace of the elaviform ; orbicular and reniform defined by 
black, open on outer side, the former elongate elliptical, the latter 
large ; a medial line oblique from cosfca to lower angle of cell, then 
inwardly oblique and somewhat dentate ; postmedial line bent out- 
wards below costa, then dentate, oblique below vein 4; subterminal 
line black, dentate outwards on veins 7, 6, 4, 3 and inwards to 
postmedial line in discal and submediau folds ; a terminal series of 
small black lunules ; cilia with series of black points. Hind wing 
white slightly irrorated with brown, the inner area tinged with 
brown ; some brown points on termen ; the underside with discoidal 
point and faint postmedial line with minute dark streaks on the 
veins. 

Hah. U.S.A., Colorado, California, 1 <S type. ^Irp. 48 millim. 



3S16. Andropolia aedon. (Plate CXXVIII. fig. 5.) 

Poiia acdon, Grote, Can. Eiit. xii. p. 154 (1880) ; Smith, Cat. Noct. INT. Am. 
p. 165. 

cJ . Head and thorax clothed with white and black scales slightly 
mixed with rufous ; frons with black bar : tegulse with slight 
medial black line ; patagia with black streak ; abdomen whitish 
tinged with rufous especially on dorsum. Fore wing white irrorated 
with dark brown and tinged with rufous in places, the veins 
slightly streaked with black ; subbasal line represented by oblique 
black striae from costa and cell with some rufous sufl'asion bej^ond 
it above vein 1 ; antemedial line oblique from costa to submedian 
fold where it is angled outwaitls, angled inwards on vein 1, then 
strongly outwards above inner margin; orbicular and reniform 
prominently defined by black, the former rather elongate elliptical, 
the latter with some rafous in centre ; a rufous medial line oblique 
from costa to beyond lower angle of cell, then inwardly oblique 
and minutely dentate; postmedial line black, bent outwards below 
costa, then dentate, oblique below vein 4, some white points beyond 
it on costa ; subterminal line black, dentate outwards on veins 7, 6, 
4, 3 and bidentate inwards almost to postmedial line in discal and 
submedian folds, some rufous suffusion beyond it ; a prominent 
terminal series of small black lunules. Hind wing ochreous white 
tinged with brown especiall}^ on terminal area ; cilia white ; the 
underside white, the costal and terminal areas irrorated with brown, 
a discoidal lunule and postmedial line with minute black streaks on 
the veins showing through to upperside. 

Hab. U.S.A., Washington, 1 ^ type, Colorado, Nevada. E,rj). 
50 millim. 



20 ( 



NOCTriD.55. 



*3817. Andropolia extincta. (Plate CXXVIII. fig. 8.) 



Folia extincta, Smith, Pr. U.S. 
Cat. Lep. N. Am. p. 120. 



Nat. Mus. xxii. p. 471 (1900); Djar, 



2 . "Head and thorax blue-grey with dark irroration ; patagia 
with dark lines near edges ; abdomen grey slightly tinged with 
fuscous. Fore wing bluish grey with dark irroration, the terminal 
area darker ; subbasal line represented by dark striae from costa 
and cell ; antemedial line rather strong, black defined by whitish 
scales on inner side, oblique, waved ; claviform defined by black, 
acute at extremity ; orbicular and reniform defined by black, the 
former elliptical, the latter large ; medial shade oblique and blackish 
from costa to reniform, indistinct and incurved below the cell ; 
postmedial line slightly defined b}' whitish on outer side, bent out- 
wards below costa, then minutely dentate, exeurved to vein 4, then 
oblique, some pale points beyond it on costa; subterminal line 
represented by a series of strongly dentate pale marks slightly 
defined by black on outer side and with black streak from it to 
postmedial line below vein 2; a terminal series of small black 
lunules. Hind wing greyish suffused and irrorated with fiiscous ; 
a large discoidal lunule and curved postmedial line; a terminal 
series of slight black lunules ; cilia white ; the underside grey with 
dark irroration, a discoidal spot and curved postmedial line. 

Hab. U.S.A., New Hampshire, Twin Mountain. Exp. 4:1 raSWim. 
This species is unknown to me, figured from a drawing from type 
in U.S. Xat. Mus.; the male ma) prove to have serrate antennae. 

3818. Andropolia theodori. 

Apatela theodori, Grote, Can. Ent. x. p. 237 (1878) ; id. 111. Essav, p. 55, 

pi. ii. f. 17 ; Smith, Cat. Noct. N. Am. p. 165. 
Folia epichysis, Grote, Can. Ent. xii. p. 219 (1880) ; id. 111. Essay, p. 55, 

pi. ii. f. 18. 

(S . Head and thorax grey-white tinged with pale and dark 
brown and yellow ; frons with black bars at middle and above ; 




Fig. 40. — Andropolia theodori, (^ . \. 

tegulte with black medial line and dark tips ; pro- and metathoracic 
crests tipped with ferruginous ; abdomen whitish dorsally tinged 
with rufous. Fore wing white largely sufiused Avith ferruginous 
and slightly irrorated with black ; the veins streaked with black ; 



ANDEOPOLIA. 207 

subbasal line represented by oblique black striae from costa and 
eel] ; antemedial line oblique, dentate ; claviform, orbicular, and 
reniform slightly defined by red-brown, the second round, the latter 
large ; a medial line oblique from costa to lower angle of cell, then 
inwardly oblique and somewhat dentate; postmedial line bent out- 
wards below costa, then dentate, oblique below vein 4; subterminal 
line black, dentate outwards at veins 7, 6, 4, 3 and bidentate in- 
wards to postmedial line in discal and submedian folds, some 
rufous suffusion beyond it; a terminal series of bluck points ; cilia 
chequered brown and white. Hind wing white, the veins, inner area 
and termen faintly tinged with brown ; the underside with slight 
discoidal lunule and postmedial line with minute dark streaks on it. 

2 . Fore wing more suffused with rufous especially on outer half 
of medial area ; hind wing with the inner and terminal areas tinged 
with pink, 

Ab. 1. Much browner; abdomen deep rufous; hind wing 
uniformly suffused with rufous. — Vancouver. 

Ab. 2. epicJii/sis. Much greyer ; fore wing largely suffused with 
purplish red ; hind wing tinged with purplish red. — California. 

Hab. Canada, Yancouver (J. J. Walker), 1 J ; U.S.A., Colorado, 
1 2 f'J'PS' Glen wood Springs, 1 c? , California, Sierra Nevada, 1 $ , 
Shasta Co., Soda Springs, 1 2 fyp^ ejiicJvjsis, J^ew Mexico. E.rj>. 
48-54 millim. 

*3819. Andropolia maxima. (Plate CXXVIII. fig. 32.) 

Folia maxima, Dvar, J. JST.Y. Ent. Soc. xii. p. 40 (1904). 

c? . Head and thorax ochreous tinged with rufous ; patagia with 
blackish line near upper edge ; abdomen ochreous. Fore wing 
ochreous tinged with rufous ; subbasal line represented bj' an 
oblique whitish striga from costa : a black streak in basal part of 
submedian fold and another above inner margin ; antemedial line 
defined by whitisli on inner side, waved, angled outwards below 
costa and above inner margin ; claviform large, defined by black, 
acute at extremity and with black streak from it to postmedial line ; 
orbicular and reniform with ochreous centres and slight whitish 
annuli defined by black, the former very oblique elliptical, the 
latter large and slightly angled inwards on median nervure ; a faint 
dark medial shade; postmedial line defined by whitish on outer 
side, bent outwards below costa, then minutely waved, excurved to 
vein 4, then oblique, the area beyond it with a violaceous tinge and 
some white points on costa ; subterminal line pale, defined on inner 
side at middle by dentate dark marks and with diffused dark marks 
beyond it, slightly angled outwards at veins 7, 6 and dentate at 
veins 4, 3, 2; the veins of terminal area streaked with black; a 
terminal series of black striae. Hind wang brownish ochreous, tlie 
veins fuscous; a slight postmedial line and diffused fuscous sub- 
terminal shade. 

Hab. U.S.A., California, Eureka, ^ii^^;*. 61 millim. This species is 
unknown to me; figured from a drawing from type in U.S. Nat. ]\Ius. 



208 NOCTXJIB^. 

*3820. Andropolia acera. (Plate CXXVIII. fig. 4.) 

Folia acera, SmitL, Pr. U.S. Nat. Mus. xxii. p. 472 (1900); Dyar, Cat. 
Lep. N. Am. p. 120. 

Head, thorax, and abdomen pale purplish grey ; frons with brown 
bar ; tegulae whitish at base and with black medial line ; patagia 
with faint dark siibterminal line. Fore wing pale purplish gre}', 
the medial area tinged with rufous, the veins irrorated with black 
scales ; a sinuous black streak below basal half of coll ; a black 
streak above inner margin from near base to middle ; antemedial 
line obsolete or hardly traceable, double, strongly angled outwards 
in submedian fold and above inner margin ; claviform defined by 
black, acute at extremity and connected by a slight brown streak 
with the postmedial line ; orbicular and roniform large, defined by 
brown and black scales, open above, the former oblique elliptical 
nearly or quite connected with the latter ; traces of a brown medial 
shade in cell and from claviform to inner margin ; postmedial line 
almost obsolete or indistinct, double beyond the cell, then dentate ; 
subterminal line absent or represented by brown streaks in the 
interspaces of terminal area, more distinctly marked at middle and 
above tornus; cilia reddish grey. Hind wing greyish tinged with 
ochreous, paler at base ; cilia whitish ; the underside whitish tinged 
with fuscous and with slight dark irroration. 

Hah. U.S.A., Washington, Pullman, Seattle. Exp. S 42, 5 
52 millim. This species is unknown to me ; figured from a drawing 
from type in Coll. J. B. Smith. 



Genus LITHOM(EA. 

lype. 

Liihomoia, Hlibn. Yerz. p. 244 (1827) rectihnea. 

Hyjypa, Dup. Cat. Meth. p. 161 (1844) rectilinea. 

Proboscis fully developed ; palpi obliquely upturned, the 2ncl joint reaching 
about to middle of frons and fringed with long hair in front, the 3rd short ; 
frons smooth, with ridges of hair above and between antennaj ; eyes large, 
round; antennse of male with short branches dilated at extremity, the apex 
ciliated ; thorax quadrately clothed with hair and haii--like scales, the pro- 
and metathorax with spreading crests; tibiie moderately fringed with hair; 
abdomen with dorsal series of crests, the crests on 3rd and 4th segments, very 
large. Fore wing with the apex rounded, the termen evenly curved and 
hardly crenulate ; veins 3 and 6 from near angle of cell ; (5 from upper angle ; 
9 from 10 anastomosing with 8 to form the areole ; 11 from cell. Hind wing 
with veins 3, 4 from angle of cell ; 5 obsolescent from below middle of disco- 
cellulars; 6, 7 from upper angle or shortly stalked ; 8 anastomosing with the 
cell near base only. 

A. Fore wing with the whole medial area tinged with red- 

brown reciUbiea. 

B. Fore wing with the medial area not tinged with red- 

brown towards costa. 
a. Fore wing with the antemedial line entire. 

a^. AntenujE of male with short branches, metathoracic 

crest not rufous xylbioides. 



LXTHOIICEA. 



209 



b^. Antennte of male with longer branches, metathoracic 

crest rufovis brunncicrista. 

Fore wine; with the antemedial line rep-esented by a 
striga from cos^a and long teeth in snbmedian fold 
and above inner margin indistincta. 



3821. Lithomcea rectilinea. 

Nodua rectilinea, Esp. Schniett. iv. p. 379, pi. 127. f. 1 (1788); Hubn, 
Eur. Scbmett., Noct. f. 248; Dup. Lep. Fr. vii. p. 231, pi. 114. f. 6; 
Frr. Beitr. pi. 4. f. 1 ; Steph. 111. Brit. Ent., Haiist. ii. p. 179; Dyar, 
Oat. Lep. N. Am. p. 121 ; Stand. Cat. Lep. pal. p. 182. 

Head and thorax while tinged with rufous ; frons with black 
bar ; tegulae with strong black medial line ; patagia chocolate-red 
with black line near upper edge which is pure white ; metathorax' 
chocolate-red ; tarsi blackish ringed with white ; abdomen red- 
brown, pale at base, the medial crests blackish. Fore wing white 
irrorated with red-brown^ the medial area red-brown with some 
white irroration, especially beyond the cell and on inner area, 
the terminal area red-brown, the veins with slight dark streaks ; 
subbasal line represented by slight brown striae from costa and 
cell ; the inner basal area suffused with red-brown with a diffused 
black fascia in base of submedian fold and a streak above inner 
margin before the antemedial line, which is black defined by white 
on inner side, oblique and slightly sinuous from costa to submedian 
fold, then angled inwards on vein 1 and outwards above inner 
margin, a strong black fascia in submedian fold from it to post- 
medial line ; claviform very narrow, defined by black and obscured 




Fig. il. —Li/komoea rectilinea, c?. 



by the black fascia ; orbicular and reniform large, defined by black, 
the former elongate elliptical with its outer edge indented, the 
latter irrorated with white ; a slight dark medial shade from costa ; 
postmedial line blackish defi.ned by white on outer side and with 
white patch beyond it in submedian interspace, bent outwards 
below costa, slightly angled inwards in diecal fold, oblique to 
vein 2, then incurved, some white points beyond it on costa; 
subterminal line represented by white striae on dentate black marks 
from costa to vein 4 and angled outwards at vein 7, then by a 
white line angled outwards to termen on veins 4, 3, with a dentate 
black mark between them, then oblique and angled inwards in 

VOL. VIII, P 



submedian fold ; a terminal series of blackish lunules ; cilia red- 
brown with a fine pale line at base. Hind wing ochreous white 
suffused with red-brown especially on terminal half ; cilia white 
with a dark line through them from apex to vein 2 ; the underside 
white, the costal area irrorated with brown, the terminal area 
suffused with red-brown, a dark discoidal lunule and diffused 
sinuous postmedial line. 

Hah. Britain, Scotland, Leech Coll., England, Leenh Coll. ; 
France ; Germany, Zeller, Frej', and Leech Colls. : AtrsTHiA ; 
Hungary ; Switzerland ; N. Lialy ; Russia, Livonia, Zeller Coll., 
St. Petersburg, Zeller Coll., Urals ; W. Siberia, Altai ; E. Siberia, 
Amur ; Alaska. Exp. 40-46 millim. 

Larva. Meyr. Brit. Lep. p. 129 ; Barrett, Lep. Brit. v. p. 35, pi. 189. f. 1. 

Pale and dark brown mixed, laterally tinged with purple ; dorsal 
line pale, interrupted, dark-edged ; subdorsal series of pale oblique 
streaks, dark-edged behind ; spiracular line pale towards ex- 
tremities ; 11th somite with two ochreous dots; head dark brown. 
Eood-jjlants : Salix and Ruhns. 7-3. 

3822. Lithomcea xylinoides. (Plate CXXVIII. fig. 6.) 

Hadena xylinoides, Gnen. Nopt. ii. p. 106, pi. 8. f. 11 (1852) ; Smith, Cat. 

Noet. N. Am. p. 155; Stand. Cat. Lep. pal. p. 182. 
Xylina contraria, Wlk. xi. 627 (1857). 
Hadena ancocisconensis, Morr. Can. Ent. vii. p. 198 (1875). 

Head and thorax white mixed with brown ; palpi blackish at 
sides; frous with black bar ; tegulse with strong black medial line ; 
patagia red-brown edged with black and fringed with white hair 
above ; tarsi fuscous ringed with white ; abdomen grey-brown with 
the dorsal crests blackish. Fore wing bluish white irrorated with 
fuscous and more or less tinged with brown, the medial area 
suffused with rufous from the cell and vein 3 to submedian fold, 
the terminal area slightly tinged with brown towards apex and 
tornus, the veins with slight dark streaks ; subbasal line repre- 
sented by a black strigafrom costa, defined by white on outer side ; 
a sinuous black streak in base of submedian fold and a streak above 
inner margin before the antemedial line, which is black defined by 
white on inner side, slightly angled outwards below costa and in 
cell, strongly in submedian fold and above inner margin and 
inwards on vein 1 ; a black streak in submedian fold from the 
ante- to the postmedial lines ; orbicular and reniform large defined 
by black, the former elongate elliptical, rather acute at exfj'emity ; 
a slight medial fuscous shade from costa to median nervure; post- 
medial line double filled in with white, indistinct on costal half 
and with prominent white mark in submedian interspace, bent 
outwards below costa, oblique to vein 5, then inwardly oblique and. 
slightly sinuous, some white points beyond it on costa ; black 
streaks in the interspaces of terminal area between vein 7 and. 
submedian fold interrupted by slight white lunules between veins 
5 and 3 representing part of the white subterminal line, which is 



LIinOMCEA. 211 

angled outwards to termeu on veins 4, 3, then incurved ; a terminal 
series of slight black lunules ; cilia brown intersected with white, 
"with a fine dark line near base. Hind wing whitish tinged with 
reddish brown, the terminal area suffused with fuscous ; cilia white 
with a brown line near base from apex to vein 2 ; the underside 
white, the costal and terminal areas irrorated with brown and the 
latter tinged with grey, a dark discoidal lunule, diffused curved 
postmedial line, and fine black terminal line. 

Hah. Canada {Norman), 1 S , Ottawa (Fletcher), 2 c? , 3 5 , 
London (Saunders), 1 J , Orillia {Bush), 1 $ , Alberta, Calgary 
{Wolley-Dod), 3 d , 6 J ; U.S.A., Eastern and Central States to 
Virginia, New Hampshire, New York, Trenton Falls (Doubledat/), 
2 cJ , 3 c? , type and type contraria, Sharon, 2 J , 3 $, Evans 
Center (Grote), 2 $ . Exjj. 38-46 millim. 

Larva. Head shining brown. Dorsum yellow-brown, sides 
darker, cross-barred in darker brown ; substigmatal band broad, 
pale, edged with brown, with a white line on joints 2-3, and on. 
foot of 13 ; feet brown. Food-plants : Various. — H. G. J). 

3823. Lithomcea hrunneicrista. (Plate CXXVIII. fig. 28.) 

Ht/ppa brunneicrisia, Smith, Can. Ent. xxxiv. p. 31 (1902); Dyar, Cat. 
Lep. N. Am. p. 121. 

Head and thorax grey ; palpi dark at sides ; vertex of head with 
the hair tipped with vinous red ; tegulse with prominent medial 
black line ; patagia red-brown edged with black and grey above ; 
raetathoracic crest tipped with rufous ; abdomen grey and fuscous 
brown mixed. Fore wing grey irrorated and suffused with dark 
brown, the inner area darkest, the medial area with some rufous 
suffusion above submedian fold ; a black streak, edged with white 
above, below base of cell, some rufous scales below its extremity ; 
subbasal line represented by a black point below costa ; antemedial 
line black, partly defined by white on inner side, minutely dentate 
below costa, very strongly angled outwards in submedian fold and 
above inner margin and inwards on vein 1, a black streak in sub- 
median fold from it to postmedial line ; orbicular and reniform 
rather large, grey defined by black, the former elongate elliptical, 
the latter rather produced at extremities ; postmedial line unusually 
near termen, obsolescent and greyish from costa to vein 5, then black 
defined by whitish on outer side, slightly bent outwards below 
costa, excurved to vein 4, then oblique and sinuous, the area 
beyond it greyer, becoming whitish below vein 3 and tinged with 
rufous in submedian fold ; subterminal line represented by slight 
black streaks in the interspaces towards costa, then defined by the 
difference between the grey and fuscous terminal area, angled 
outwards to termen on veins 4,3; a terminal series of small 
black lunules ; cilia blackish with whitish line at base. Hind wing 
fuscous brown, becoming whitish towards base ; cilia whitish with 
fuscous tips ; the underside grey irrorated with fuscous, a discoidal 
spot showing through to upperside, and curved postmedial line. 

p 2 



212 NOCTflD^. 

Antcnnse of male with the branches rather loiio;. 
hub. Canada, Alberta, Calgary ( Wolly-Dod), 1 cT , Br. Columbia, 
Praser R. (St. John), 1 $ . Exp. 42-46 millim. 



3824. LithomcBa indistincta. (Plate CXXVIII. fig. 30.) 

Hyppa indistincta, Smith, Tnms. Am. Ent. Soc. xxi. p. 63, pi. iv. f. 4 
(1894); Dyar, Oat. Lep. N. Am. p. 121. 

5 . Head and thorax bluish white mixed with dark brown ; 
palpi with black patches at sides of 2nd joint; frons with black 
bar; tegulse with strong black medial line; ])atagia with the outer 
half black-brown, the upper half white mixed with brown ; tarsi 
blackish ringed with white; abdomen grey suffused with brown, 
the dorsal crests blackish. Fore wing bluish white with slight 
dark irroration, the veins with slight dark streaks, the inner area 
suffused with brown and blackish to the postmedial line ; subbasal 
line represented by slight dark strise from costa and cell ; a strong 
diffused black streak just below submedian fold from base to the 
postmedial line, with some bluish white irroration below its 
extremity; a black streak with slight white streak below it above 
inner margin before the antemedial line, which is represented by a 
slight dark striga from costa, then obsolete to submedian fold, 
where it is very strongly angled outwards, then very strongly 
angled inwards on vein 1 and outwards above inner margin to the 
postmedial line; orbicular and reniform faintly defined by fuscous, 
the former elongate elliptical, the latter with slight dark centre ; 
a slight dark medial shade from costa ; postmedial line indistinct 
from costa to vein 5, then black defined by white on outer side, 
slightly bent outwards below costa, excurved to vein 4, then oblique 
and slightly sinuous, some white points beyond it on costa; the 
terminal area with black streaks in the interspaces above veins 4, 3, 
the lower streak extending to the postmedial line, the upper to just 
before it ; a triangular dark shade from termen below apex; sub- 
terminal line obsolete except from below vein 3 to tornus where it 
is white, incurved and with a dark shade beyond it ; a terminal 
series of small black lunules; cilia whitish and fuscous with a dark 
line through them. Hind wing greyish suffused with fuscous brown, 
the terminal area rather darker ; cilia grey- white with a fuscous 
line through them ; the underside greyish suffused with brown and 
the costal area with bluish white, the terminal area lather darker, 
a dark discoidal spot and diffused curved postmedial line. 

Hah. Canada, Br. Columbia, Upper Ashnold {Mrs. Niclioll), 1 5 ; 
U.S.A., Oregon, Mt. Hood. Exp. 42 millim. 

Lm^va. Head shining brown. Body dark brown, cross-barred in 
darker brown, cutting obliquely a faint subdorsal line ; substigmatal 
baud broad, pale, edged with brown, with a white line on joints 
2-^3 and on foot of 13 ; feet brown. Food-plants : Various. — H. G. D. 



PTJLCHERI.V. 



213 



Genus PULCHERIA. 
Pulcheria, Alph. Slett. enfc. Zeifc. 1887, p. 170 



Tvpe. 
catomelas. 



Proboscis fully developed ; palpi obliquely upturned, the 2nd joint reaching 
to about vertex of head and moderately scaled in front, the 3rd short, porrect ; 
frons smooth ; eyes large, round ; aiitennse of male bipeutinate with moderate 
branches, the apex simple ; thorax clothed with hair and hair-like scales, the 
prothorax with sharp triangular crest ; the metathorax without crest ; tibiae 
fringed with long hair ; abdomen with dorsal crests on basal segments and 
literal tufts of hair on terminal segments. Fore wing with the apex rect- 
angular, the termeii crenulate, oblique towards tornus ; veins 3 and 5 from 
near angle of cell ; 6 from upper angle ; 9 from 10 anastomosing with 8 to 
form the areole ; 11 from cell. Hind wing with veins 3, 4 from angle of cell; 
6 obsolescent from middle of discocellulars ; 6, 7 from upper angle ; 8 anas- 
tomosing with the cell near base only. 



3825. Pulcheria catomelas. 

P^dchcria catomelas, k\Y>\\. HiM: ent. Zeit. 1887, p. 170; id. Rom. M6m. 
V. p. 173, pi. 7. ff. 10, a, b; Staid. Cat Lep. pal. p. 212. 

J . Head, thorax, and abdomen whitish mixed with some 
brown, the last dorsally tinged with fuscous leaving faint pale 
segmental lines. Pore wing whitish tinged with brown and 
irrorated with fuscous, the veins with slight dark streaks ; subbasal 
line indistinctlj' double, angled outwards in and below cell and 
eiidin^j at submedian fold ; aiitemedial line indistinctly double and 
somewhat dentate, oblique from costa to middle of cell, then 




Fig. 42. — Pulcheria catomelas, <$ . \. 

inwardly oblique ; orbicular with faint whitish aunulu.^!, its centre 
tinged with fuscous, oblique elliptical ; reniform slightly defined by 
fuscous and with fuscous line in centre, an indistinct medial shade, 
oblique from costa to median nervure ; postmedial line indistinct, 
double, minutely waved, excurved from costa to vein 6, then 
oblique; subterminal line represented by a slight dark mark on 
costa, an oblique shade from vein 7 to 5 and slight marks in the 
interspaces from below vein 4 to inner margin ; a fine waved 
terminal blackish liue. Hind wing black-biown, the base grey; 
cilia white slightly tinged with brown at base. Underside of fore 
wing sufi'used with black-brown leaving the costal and terminal 
areas grey ; hind wing black-brown, the base grey with irregularly 
diffused outer edges, the costa and inner margin grej'. 

Hah, E. Turkestan, Kashgar, 2 J • Ex'p. 38-42 millim. 



214 



NOCTUID.^. 



Genus FOTA. 



Type 



■ Fata, Grote, Can. Ent. xiv. p. 174 (1882) armata. 

Proboscis fuUv developed ; palpi porrect, extending about the length of head 
and fringed with long scales below, the 8rd joint moderate; Irons with large 
rounded corneous prominence with raised edges and long pointed central 
process hidden in long hair, a large corneous plate below it; eyes large, 
round ■ antennse of male ciliated ; thorax clothed almost entirely with sc-alea, 
the pro- and metathorax with slight spreading crests ; tibiae smoothly scaled, 
the fore tibia with small curved claw on inner side ; abdomen without crests. 
Fore wing long and narro\r, the margins subparallel, the apex rounded, the 
termen obliquely curved and not creuulate ; veins 3 and 5 from near angle of 
cell ; 6 from upper angle ; 9 from 10 anastomosing with 8 to form the areole ; 
] 1 from cell. Hind wing with veins 3, 4 typically from cell ; 5 obsolescent 
from middle of discocellulars ; 6, 7 stalked ; 8 anastomosing with the cell to 
middle. 



Sect. I. Hind wing of female with veins 3, 4 stalked. 

3826. Fota minorata. 

Foia 7ninorata, Grote, Can. Ent. xiv. p. 181 (1882) ; Smith, Cat. Noct. N. 

Am. p. 183. 
Iscadia aperta, Druce, Biol. Centr.-Am., Het. ii. p. 474 (part.), nee Wlk. 

Head and tegulse ochreous white, palpi, sides of frons and 
antennse mixed with brown ; thorax dark grs}' mixed with fuscous 
and whitish ; pectus, legs, and abdomen ochreous white. Fore 
wing purplish grey suffused and irrorated with fuscous especially 
on costal area ; an indistinct curved subbasal line with paler grey 
before it and beyond it at costa, an elongate pale grey mark defined 




Fig. 43. — Fota minorata, 5 • \- 

by blackish beyond it in cell ; antemedial line indistinctly double, 
slightly angled outwards below costa, excurved to submediau fold, 
then incurved ; orbicular and reniform pale grey defined by black, 
their centres tinged with brown, the former round, the latter 
elliptical and with curved dark line in centre ; postmedial line 
very indistinct, strongly bent outwards below costa, then minutely 
waved and below vein 4 strongly bent inwards ; the interspaces of 
terminal area with slight black streaks. Hind wing j^ellowish 
white. 

Hah. U.S.A., Arizona (Hulst), 1 $ ; Mexico, Sonora (Morrison), 
1 c? , Godman-Salvin Coll. Exjj. 28-30 millim. 



FOTA. — OXrCNKMIS, 215 



Sect. II. Hind wing of female with veins 3, 4 from cell. 

3827. Fota armata. 

Foia armata, Qrote, Cat. Eiit. xiv. pp. 175, 181 (1882) : Smith, Cat. Noct. 
N. Am. p. 183. 

? . Head whitish mixed with brown ; neck with some ochreous 
hair ; thorax purplish grey mixed with fuscous and brown ; 
pectus aud legs white ; abdomen ochreous white. Fore wing 
purplish grey sufFused and irrorated with fuscous ; subbasal line 
represented by two faint oblique striae from costa ; antemedial line 
indistinct, double, minutely waved to submedian fold, then bent 
inwards, a diffused black streak in submedian fold from it to post- 
medial line ; orbicular and reniform whitish defined by black and 




F\g. A4l.— Fota armata, ^. }-. 

their centres slightly by fuscous, the former round, the latter 
elliptical, a diffused black fascia before and between them ; post- 
medial line indistinct, strongly bent outwards below costa, minutel}'- 
dentate to vein 2, then bent inwards, an indistinct whitish sub- 
terminal line, somewhat excurved below vein 7 and at middle, and 
crossed by slight black streaks below veins 8, 7, 6 ; . a terminal 
series of slight blackish points. Hind wing white, the veins and 
terminal area suffused with ochreous ; the underside white, the 
costal area slightly irrorated with brown towards apex. 
Hab, U.S.A., Arizona, Nogales, 1 $ . Exp. '62 millim. 



Genus OXYCNEMIS. 

Type. 
Oa'ycwcjMzs, Grote, Can. Ent. xiv. p. 182 (18S2) aduena. 

Proboscis aborted, small ; palpi obliquely upturned, slender, hardly reaching 
the middle of frons and moderately fringed with hair in front ; frons smooth ; 
eyes largo, round ; antennae of male serrate and fasciculate ; thorax clothed 
with rough hair and scales mixed, the prothorax without crest, the nietathorax 
with large crest formed of large curled scales ; tibia} moderately fringed with 
hair, the fore tibia very short, broadening into a large curved claw on inner 
side at extremity ; abdomen without crests. Fore wing with the apex 
rounded, the termen evenly curved and not crenulate ; veins 3 and 5 from near 
angle of cell; 6 from upper angle; 9 from 10 anastomosing with 8 to form 
the areole ; 11 from cell. Hind wing with veins 3, 4 from angle of cell; 
6 obsolescent from just below middle of discocellulars; 6, 7 shortly stalked; 
8 anastomosing with the cell near base only. 



216 XOCTUIDJE. 

A. Metiithoracic crest with metallic scales. 

a. Fore wing with the orbicular and renifurm cunjoinecl 

by a white streak in upper part of cell fusiviaada. 

b. Fore wing with the orbicular and reniforra not con- 

joined, 
a'. Fore wing with the anteniedial line nearly straiglit. 
a~. Fore wing with the orbicular and reniform indis- 
tinctly defined gustis. 

J2. Fore wing with the orbicular and reniform strongly 

defined by black bahoqvavaria. 

b^. Fore wing with the anteniedial line sinuous advena. 

B. Metathoracie crest without metallic scales. 

a. Fore wing with the orbicular and reniform not con- 

fluent. 

aK Fore wing with the orbicular round subsimplex. 

b\ Fore wing with the orbicular narrow and elongate . acuna. 

b. Fore wing with the orbicular and reniform confluent. 

«.'. Fore wing with the stigmata defined by black graxiillinea. 

b^. Fore wing with the stigmata not defined by black... adusta. 



3828. Oxycnemis fusimacula. (Plate CXXVIII. fijr. 2.) 

Oxycnemis fusimacula, Smith, J. N.Y. Ent. Soc. x. p. 50 (1902); Dyar, 
Cat. Lep. N. Am. p. 184. 

5 . Heed and thorax black and white mixed ; metathoracie 
crest small, black with a few metallic scales ; tarsi blackish 
slightly ringed with white ; abdomen white faintly tinged with 
brown. Fore wing white irrorated with black, somewhat more 
thickly on medial and terminal areas ; subbasal line black, from 
costa to submedian fold ; antomedial line black, oblique and 
sinuous to submedian fold, where it is acutely angled outwards, 
then incurved and bent outwards above inner margin ; claviforni 
white slightly irrorated with fuscous and defined by black, acute at 
extremity and extending almost to postmedial line ; orbicular and 
reniform with white annuli defined by black, the former elongate 
and rather pointed at extremities, the latter angled inwards below 
subcostal nervure to the former, its upper extremity produced and 
acute, with two oblique white streaks from it to costa defining the 
black veins and crossing the black postmedial line which is bent 
outwards below costa, then oblique, slightly excurved at median 
nervules and angled outwards on vein 1 ; an oblique dark shade 
from costa near apex to outer side of reniform; subterminal line 
very indistinct, whitish and diffused, somewhat excurved at middle ; 
the terminal area with fine black streaks on the veins ; cilia 
chequered blackish and white. Hind wing white, the terminal 
area tinged with brown from apex to submedian fold; a fine dark 
terminal line except towards tornus ; cilia white slightly mixed 
with brown ; the underside with the costal area and termen to 
vein 3 irrorated with brown. 

Bub. U.S.A., Arizona, Yuma Co., 2 $ cotype. Exi^. 26 millim. 



OXVCNEMIS. 217 

*3829. Oxycnemis gustis. 

Oxycneniis gustis, Smith, Trans. Am. Ent. Soc. xxxiii. p. 138 (1907). 

S . Head and thorax blackish with some white scales and hair 
mixed, the metathoracic crest with a metallic gloss ; abdomen 
white tinged with brown, Eore wing bright blue-grey, the ct'U 
filled in with white and the basal area irrorated with white; sub- 
basal line blackish, from costa to submedian fold : antemedial line 
rather diffused, blackish, somewhat oblique and slightly angled 
outwards at middle ; claviform indistinctly defined by black, large 
and broad ; orbicular indistinctly defined by grey, round ; reniforiu 
grey, indistinctly defiued, its outer part obscured by an oblique 
dark shade from costa just before apex ; postmedial line rathtr 
slight, blackish, bent outwards below costa and incurved below 
vein 4, some white suft'iision beyond it on inner area ; subcerminnl 
line indicated by slight white shading with some dark inoratioti 
bej'ond it ; a fine black terminal line ; cilia intersected witii 
fuscou**. Hind wing white, the costal area and termen irrorated 
with fuscous ; the underside with the costal area irrorated with 
fuscous, a slight postmedial line. 

hah. U.S.A., S. Arizona. Exp. 21 millim. This species is 
unknown to me. 

3830. Oxycnemis hahoquavaria. (Plate CXXVIII. fig. 3.) 
Oxycnemis hahoquavaria, Smith, Trans. Am. Ent. Soc. xxxiii. p. 137(1907). 

c? . Head and thorax white mixed with black-brown, the meta- 
thoracic crest formed of metallic black scales ; abdomen ochreous 
white with faint diffused brownish band. Fore wing purplish 
grey thickly irrorated with black-brown and with some brown 
suffusion on medial area in and below cell ; subbasal line black, 
slightlj' angled outwards in cell, from costa to submedian fold ; 
antemedial line black, erect, very slightly incurved below sub- 
median fold ; flaviform large, dehned by black, pointed at inner 
extremity ; orbicular and reniform white irrorated with black- 
brown and defined by black, the former rather elongate elliptical, 
the latter produced at upper extremity, some white suliusion 
between them in cell ; postmedial line black, very strongly angled 
outwards below costa to towards apex and almost obsolete, then 
oblique, angled outwards at veins 4, 3 and excuryed from sub- 
median fold to inner mai'gin, some white points beyond it on 
costa ; an oblique blackish fascia from apex to outer edge of post- 
medial line at vein 6 ; the veins of terminal area slightly streaked 
with black ; a fine black terminal line. Hind wing white irrorated 
with brown, the veins streaked with brown on terminal area ; a fine 
terminal brown line ; the underside white, the costal area irrorated 
with brown, the veins streaked with brownish on terminal area, a 
brownish postmedial line excurved below costa, then oblique. 

Hah. U.S.A., Arizona, Baboquavaria Mts. {Poliiirj), 2 J cotype. 
Ex^^ 24 millim. 



2 IS Noci'uiDj;. 

8831. Oxycnemis advena. 

Oxycnemis advena, Grote, Can. Ent. xiv. p. 182 (18S2); Smith, Cat. Noct. 
N. Am. p. 267. 

Head and thorax fuscous brown irrorated with grey-white, the 
metathoracio crest black with metallic silvery scales ; tarsi blackish 
ringed with white ; abdomen greyish suffused with brown. Fore 
wing purplish grey irrorated and in parts suffused with black- 
brown ; subbasal line strong, black, curved, from costa to vein 1 ; 
aiitemedial line strong, black, oblique, sinuous ; claviform defined 
by black and with slight pale annulus, elongate and pointed at 
extremities; orbicular and reniform whitish irrorated with brown 
and defined by black, tlie former round ; postmedial line strong, 
black, slightly defined by whitish on outer side, strongly bent 




Fig. 45. — Oxycnemis advena, (^ . \. 

outwards and almost obsolete below costa, then oblique, slightly 
angled outwards at veins 4, 3, then incurved and bent outwards 
below submedian fold ; an oblique black shade from costa near 
apex to just beyond postmedial line at vein 6 ; faint traces of 
a minutely waved subterminal line ; a fine black terminal line. 
Hind wing whitish sufiused with brown especially on terminal 
area ; a fine dark terminal line ; cilia white slightly mixed with 
brown ; the underside white irrorated with brown, especially on 
costal and terminal areas, a brownish discoidal spot and rather 
difi'used curved postmedial line from costa to submedian fold. 

Hah. U.S.A., Arizona, Huachuca Mts. (Oslar), 2 cJ , 1 $ . 
E.V2). 6 26, 2 32 millim. 

3832. Oxycnemis subsimplex. (Plate CXXVIII. fig. 7.) 

Oxycnemis stibsimplex, Dyar, J. N.Y. Ent. Soc. xii. p. 42 (1904). 

J, Head and thorax fuscous mixed with grey ; tegulse ochreous 
except at tips ; pectus whitish ; abdomen ochreous, ventrally 
white irrorated with brown, Fore wing fuscous mixed with 
grey-white, the veins with slight dark streaks ; subbasal line 
black defined by grey on outer side, curved, from costa to base at 
submedian fold ; antemedial line black defined by grey on inner 
side, erect, slightly waved ; claviform defined by black, large and 
extending to cell ; orbicular and reniform with whitish annuli 
defined by black, the former round, the latter with whitish lunule 



OXXCNEMIS. 219 

in centre ; postmerlial line black defined on each side by grey, 
touching- upper extremity of reniform, then bent outwards, 
incurved and minutely dentate below vein 4, some whitish points 
beyond it on costa and an oblique grey shade from before apex to 
tbe angle of poslmedial line ; subterminal line whitish, defined on 
inner side by minute dark streaks, minutely dentate ; a terminal 
series of minute black lunules ; cilia fuscous with fine white 
lines at base and middle. Hind wing white, the veins brownish ; 
a discoidal point and curved postmedial series of points on the 
veins ; a fine brown terminal line from apex to submedian fold ; 
the underside with the costa irrorated with brown. 
Hab. U.S.A., Arizona, 1 S ■ E'^P- 28 millim. 

*3833. Oxycnemis acuna. (Plate CXXVIII. fig. 9.) 
Oorycnemis acuna, Barnes, Can. Ent. xxxix. p. 67 (1907). 

Head and thorax grey mixed with brown ; abdomen whitish 
tinged with brown. Fore wing grey irrorated with brown ; 
subbasal and antemedial lines absent ; claviform and orbicular 
brownish white defined by black, very narrow and elongate, the 
latter extending to beyond the former ; reniform grey defined by a 
few black scales, especially at sides, and with brownish centre, an 
oblique white shade from its upper extremity to near apex ; post- 
medial line absent ; subterminal line pale, irregular, interrupted, 
defined on inner side by blackish markings, more distinct towards 
apex and tornus ; a fine black terminal line ; cilia mixed with 
fuscous and with slight pale lines at base and middle. Hind wing 
white tinged with brown ; a faint discoidal point ; a fine brown 
terminal line ; cilia white ; tbe underside with the costal area 
tinged with yellowish, a yellow-brown terminal line. 

Hah. U.S.A., Texas, San Antonio. Exp. 18 millim. This 
species is unknown to me ; figured from a drawing from type in 
Coll. W. Barnes. 

3834. Oxycnemis gracillinea. (Plate CXXVIII. fig. 10.) 

Oncucnemis gracillinea, Grote, Can. Ent. xiii. p. 231 (1881) ; Smith, Cat. 

Noct. N. Am. p. 162. 
Oxycnemis yiima. Smith, Trans. Am. Ent. Soc. xxxiii. p. 138 (1907). 

Head and thorax white mixed with some black-brown ; abdomen 
white tinged with brown except at base. Pore wing white 
tinged with brown and irrorated with black-brown ; claviform 
extremely narrow and elongate from close to base to postmedial 
line, with brown streak in middle and white annulus defined by 
black ; antemedial line hardly traceable, somewhat oblique below 
the claviform ; orbicular and reniform with brown centres and 
white annuli defined by black, the former a very narrow and 
elongate streak confluent with the latter, which is small; post- 
medial line obsolete except from reniform to inner margin, where 
it 18 very indistinct, below vein ] bent inwards as a slight 



220 NOCTDID^. 

streak above inner margin to before middle ; a slight obliquo 
white shade from costa near apex to the reriiform, the veins on it 
vpith fine black streaks ; subterminal line slight, white, dentate, 
somewhat angled outwards at veins 7 and 4, crossed b)' an 
oblique dark shade from apex to discal fold and defined on inner 
side by diffused brown below vein 4 ; a black terminal lino 
slightly defined by white on inner side; cilia with fine wnite 
line near tips. Hind wing white tinged with brown ; a dark 
terminal line; cilia white with a slight brownish line through 
them; the underside white irrorated with brown, a brownish 
discoidal lunule and curved maculate postmedial line with minute 
dark streaks on the veins. 

Hah. U.S.A., California, Walters Station, 1 S cotype yuma, 
Arizona (Polhu/), 1 cS , Yuma Co., 1 $ , Prescott (Kuuze), 1 $ , 
Exj^- -^ millim, 

*3835. Oxycnemis adusta. 

Oxi/cnemis adicsius, Smith, Trans. Am. Ent. Soc. xxxiii. p. 139 (1907). 

c? . Head and thorax ochreous suffused with dull grey, frons 
chocolate-brown, vertex of head and thorax irrorated with black, 
the metathoracic crest darker ; abdomen whitish tinged with 
brown. Fore wing ochreous suffused w4th dull ash grey; subbasal 
and antemedial lines absent ; claviform very elongate, extending 
from base to near postmedial line but very indistinct and represented 
by scattered white scales only ; orbicular and reniform indistinctly 
defined by white, the foroier elongate and confluent with middle 
of latter ; postmedial line fuscous defined by whitish on outer side, 
acutely angled outwards beyond the cell, then oblique ; subterminal 
line very irregular and interrupted, whitish defined on inner side 
by dHrk shades and streaks in the interspaces, more prominent at 
discal and submedian folds, a diffused white streak from its inner 
side at costa to the reniform ; a black terminal line ; cilia greyish 
with a yellowish line through them. Hind wing whitish tinged 
with fuKcous especially towards termen ; cilia white ; the underside 
whitish. 

Hub. U.S.A., Texas, San Antonio. Exjj. 11 millim. This 
species is unknown to me. 



Genus FALA. 

TvDe. 
Fala, Grote, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phil. 1875, p. 425 ptycophora. 

Probosc-is fully developed ; palpi obliquely upturned, the 2nd joint hardly 
reaching the miudle of" frons and fringed with long hair in front, the 3rd short ; 
frons with large round corneous prominence with raised edges and flattened 
vertical process in centre rounded m front, and curved corneous plate below it ; 
eyes large, round ; antennae of male somewhat laminate and minutely ciliMted ; 
thorax clothed witli rough hair, the pro- and raetatliorax with spreading 
crests; tihise moderately Iringed with hair, tlie fore tibia with long curved 
claw on inner side at extremity ; abdomen with some rough hair at base but 



FALA. — LT5UC0CNEMIS. 221 

•vritliont crests. F.irp wing with the costa slightly exi-isod beyond middla, tlie 
a]jex rectangular, tlie terineu evenly curved arid not crenulate ; veins 8 and 5 
from near angle of cell ; 6 from upper angle ; 9 from 10 anastomosing with 8 
to form the areole ; 11 from cell. Hind veing with veins 3, 4 from angle of 
cell ; 5 obsolescent from just below middle of discocellulars ; 6, 7 stalked ; 
8 auastomosing with the cell near base only. 

3836. Pala ptychophora. 

Fala ptychnphora, Grrote, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phil. 1875, p. 426 ; id. 111. 
E.ssay, p. 64, pi. 3. f. 36 ; Smith, Cat. Noet. N. Am. p. 264. 

(J . Head and thorax white mixed with black-hrown, the head 
and teguise tinged with ochreous, the tegulae and thoracic crests 
tipped with blackish ; abdomen pale ochreous, the ventral surface 
■whitish irrorated with brown. Fore wing whitish suffused with 
ochreous, especially in discal and submedian folds and on terminal 
area, and with some dark brown irroration especially from cell to 
postmedial line, between veins 5 and 2 ; subbasal line represented 




Fig. 46. — Fala jitychvphora, J. }. 

by a slight dark striga from costa; antemedial line blackish, 
oblique from costa to median nervure, then dentate ; orbicular and 
reiiiform white defined by blackish, the former round, the latter 
narrow, oblique, slightly angled inwards on median nervure; 
postmedial line indistinct, double, dentate, excurved from costa to 
vein 4, then oblique, some white points beyond it on costa and the 
area between it and subterminal line filled in by white lunules 
from vein 5 to inner margin ; subterminal line black defined on 
outer side by an oblique white bar from costa, then dentate ; a 
terminal series of black strise interrupted by white points at 
extremity of veins and base of cilia which are blackish. Hind 
wing ochreous irrorated with brown ; traces of a discoidal lunula 
and curved postmedial line; cilia fuscous with a whitish line at 
base ; the underside ochreous sparsely irrorated with brown, a large 
diffui*ed dark discoidal lunule. 

Hah. U.S.A., California, 1 ci" type. Exjj. 34 millim. 



Genus LEUCOCNEMIS, nov. 

Type, L. perfundis. 

Proboscis fully developed ; palpi upturned, the 2nd joint hardly reaching to 
middle of frons and moderately scaled, the 3rd minute ; tYons smooth ; 
antennae of male minutely ciliated ; thorax clothed almost entirely with 
scales and without crests ; fore tibisE with cuiTed claw at extremity on inner 



2112 NocxniD.T?. 

side; mid and bind tibiie slightly fringed with hair above; build sleuder ; 
ubdomen witliout crests. .Fore wing with the apex rounded, the terme:i 
evenly curved and not crenulate ; veins 3 and 5 from near angle of cell ; 6 
from upper angle ; 9 from 10 anastomosing with 8 to form tlie areole ; 11 from 
cell. Hind wing with veins 3, 4 from angle of cell ; 5 obsolescent from 
middle of discocellulars; 6, 7 from upper angle ; 8 anastomosing with the cell 
near base only. 

A. Fore wing with the orbicular and reniforra pres;->nt. 

a. Fore wing with the ante- and postmedial lines distinct ... sectilis. 

b. Fore wing with the ante- and postmedial lines almost 

obsolete perfundis. 

B. Fore wing with the orbicular and renilbrra absent nivalis. 



*3837. ? Leucocnemis sectilis. (Plate CXXVIII. fig. 11.) 

Oxycnemis sectilis. Smith, Trans, Am. Ent. Soc. xxi. p. 86, pi. vi. f. 3 
(1894) ; Dyar, Cat. Lep. N. Am. p. 184. 

Head chocolate-brown ; thorax gre_y-white, the tegulse with 
some brown scales ; abdomen white. Pore wing grey-white, the 
markings defined by chocolate-brown scales ; antemedial line 
single, exeurved ; claviform large, white defined by brown ; orbicular 
and reniform whitish defined by brown, the former elliptical, the 
latter broad; a faint dark medial shade; postmedial line single, 
angled outwards beyond the reniforra, then incurved to its lower 
extremity ; subterminal line only defined by a dark shade on its 
inner side, more distinct towards costa, slifihtly angled outwards at 
vein 7; a terminal series of dark striae. Hind wing pure white. 

The fore tibia is said to have " a short inner as well as a longer 
outer claw." 

Hah. U.S.A., Texas. Exp. 22 millim. This species is unknown 
to me ; figured from a drawing from type in U.S. Nat. Mus. 

3838. Leucocnemis perfundis. 

Oxycnemis perfundis, Smith, Trans. Am. Ent. Soc. xxi. p. 87, pi. vi. f. ft 
(1894); D>ar, Cat. Lep. N. Am. p. 184. 

Head, thorax, and abdomen ochreous Avhite. Fore wing ochreous 
white sliglitly irrorated with brown, rather more thickly on 




Leucooiemis perfundis, (^ . 



terminal area; no trace of subbasal or antemedial lines; orbicular 
and reniform very small and indistinct, white with brownish 
centres, undefined, the former round ; traces of a postmedial line 



LErCOCXEMIS. STOMAFROXTTA. 223 

-with somewhat darker points on the veins, slightly bent outwards 
below costa, then minutely dentate, very oblique below vein 4 ; 
no trace of subterminal line ; cilia brown and white. Hind wing 
oehreous white slightly tinged with brown especially on terminal 
area ; cilia white with a faint brown line through them ; the 
underside white. 

Hah. U.S.A., Texas, Colorado, Denver, 3 c?, 1 $ • Exp. 26 
millim. 

*3839. ? Leucocnemis nivalis. (Plate CXXVIII. fig. 12.) 

Oxi/cnemis nivalis. Smith, Trans. Am. Ent. Soe. xxi. p. 87, pi. yi. f. 5 
(1894); Dyar, Oat. Lep. N. Am. p. 184. 

5 • Head, thorax, and abdomen white, the head tinged with 
oehreous in front ; the vertex of thorax slightly tinged with grey. 
Pore wing white, the disk faintly tinged with grey and without 
markings, except a very faint trace of a medial shade. Hind wing 
jjure white. IJnderside of fore wing fuscous with the margins 
white. 

The fore tibia is said to be "short and broad, not as much 
abbreviated as in L. perfundis, and there is a small inner claw which 
is not present in the former species. 

Hab. U.S.A., Texas. E,rp. 26 millim. This species is unknown 
to me ; figured from a drawing from type in Coll. Brooklyn Soc. 
Arts and Sciences. 



Genus STOMAFRONTIA. 

Type. 
Stomafronha, Hmpsn. Ann. S. Mr. Mus. iii. p. 43(i (1905) ... albifasciata. 

Proboscis absent; palpi porrect, 'v%vj short and not reaching as far as frons, 
moderately fringed with scales below ; frons with large round corneous 
prominence with raised edges, the upper edge produced to a beat-like process, 
a corneous plate below it ; eyes large, round ; antennise of female serrate ; 
thorax clothed with hair and hair-like scales and without crests ; tibias 
smoothly scaled ; abdomen without crests. Fore wing long and narrow, the 
apex produced and acute, the termen obliquely curved and not crenulate; 
vein 3 from well before angle of cell ; 6 from just above angle; 6 from below 
upper angle; 7, 8, 9, 10 stalked; 11 from cell. Hind wing with the cell 
long; veins 3, 4 from angle ; 5 obsolescent i'rom just below middle of disco- 
cellulars ; 6, 7 strongly stalked ; 8 anastomosing with the cell to middle, then 
approximated to it to extremity. 

3840. Stomafrontia albifasciata. 

Stomafrontia albifasciata, Hmpsn. Ann. S. Afr. Mus. iii. p. 437 (1905). 

g . Head and thorax white mixed with rufous ; palpi except at 
base, frons and antennae brown ; pectus and legs suffused with 
brown : abdomen oehreous, white at base. Fore wing white, the 
costal area irrorated with golden brown, the inner half from cell to 
inner margin suffused with golden brown leaving a pure white 
fascia in lower part of cell and thence to near teruien ; an oblique 



224 



XOCTUIDiE. 



golden brown fascia diffused on inner side from costa before apex to 
npper angle of cell defined bj- white on outer side indented by the 
slight dark streaks on the veins of terminal half, the terminal area 




Y\gAS. — Stom'i front ia alhifdsciata, J. }. 

irrorated with golden brown. Hind wing pure white. Underside 
of fore wing suffused with golden brown ; hind wing white, the 
costal area tinged with golden brown. 

Hah. Natal, Mooi E., 2 5 tj-pe ; Cape Colokt, Brak Kloof 
((?. White), 1 $ . Exp. 38 millim. 



Genus CEPHALOSPARGETA. 



Type. 



Cephalospargeia, Moschl. Abb. Senck. Ges. xvi. p. 119 (1890) elmigata. 

Proboscis fully developed; palpi porrect to just beyond frons wbich has a 
large rounded prominence with raised edges ; eyes large, round ; antenna? of 
male laminate ; thorax clothed chiefly with scales and without crests ; tibi« 
moderately fringed with hair, the spurs long; abdomen without crests. Fore 
wing long and narrow, the apex rounded, the termen obliquely curved and 
not crenulate ; vein 3 From near angle of cell ; 4, 5 from angle ; 6 from upper 
angle ; 7, 8. 9, 10 stalked ; 11 from cell. Hind wing with veins 3, 4 stalked ; 
5 obsolescent from middle of discocellulars ; 6, 7 stalked ; 8 approximated to 
the cell to middle. 

*3841 . Cephalospargeta elongata. 

C'pphalosparqeta ehnqaia, Moschl. Abh. Senek. Ges. xvi. p. 120 (1890); 
Kirby, Cat. Lep. Het. p. 378. 

S . Head and thorax ochreous white ; palpi greyish yellow, the 
head and tegulse with brown scales mixed; abdomen greyish yellow, 
the ventral surface white. Fore wing ochreous white mixed v^ath 




■ ' Fig. 49. — Cephalospargeta elongata, J. \. 

grey ; two indistinct sinuous dark antemedial lines ; a brown 
discoidal point ; an indistinct double postmedial line excurved to 
vein 4 and angled inwards in submedian fold ; an indistinct curved 
subterminal series of brown points ; a terminal series of black points. 



CEPHALOSPAKGETA . PROinRIXAX. 225 

Hind wing white, the terminal area sufFased with ochreous narrow- 
ing to torn us. 

2 . Fore wing with diffused dark scales beyond the ante- and 
postmedial lines, 

Hab. Porto Eico, tj-pe t d" $ in Mus. Berlin. Exp. cS 22, 
2 2i millim. 

Genus PROTHRINAX, nov. 

Type, P. Intcomedia. 

Proboscis small, aborted ; palpi porrect, very short, not reaclnng as far as the 
frontal proiiiiiieiice and moderately fringed with hair below; frons with long 
bifid plate at middle excised in front and with long triangular plate below it ; 
eyes large, round ; antennse of male minutely ciliated ; thorax clothed almost 
entirely with scales, the metathorax with decumbent crest; the patagia slightly 
turned up at extremity; tibia; moderately fringed with hair ; abdomen without 
crests, i^ore wing with the apex rounded, the fcermen oliliqueiy curved and 
mot crenulate ; veins 3 and 5 from near angle of cell ; 6 from upper angle ; 9 
from 10 anastomosing with 8 to form the areole ; 11 from cell. Hind wing 
with veins 3, 4 from angle of cell; 5 obsolescent from just below middle of 
discocellulars ; 6, 7 stalked ; 8 anastomosing with the cell near base only. 

3842. Prothrinax iuteomedia. 

Aleptina kdcomecUa, Smith, Trans. Am. Ent. Soc. xxxiii. p. 136 (1907). 

J . Head and thorax black mixed with brown and grey ; teguloe 
mostl}' grey ; pectus and legs tinged with brown, the tarsi blackish ; 
abdomen ochreous suffused with blackish. Fore wing grey-white 
irrorated with black-brown, a pale ochreous fascia irrorated with 
rufous from base of costa through subraedian interspaces to sub- 
terminal line and thence obliquely to termen from below apex to 
vein 8; antemedial line very indistinct, double, curved, traversing 
a patch of blackish suffusion towards costa and almost obsolete in 
submedian interspace ; claviform elongate, faintly defined by rufous ; 




Fig. 50. — Prothrinaa: hitcomedia, ^ , \, 

orbicular small, round, white defined by black and with brownish 
centre ; reniform grey-white indistinctly defined, its lower extremity 
angled inwards to orbicular and open towards base, some white 
suffusion beyond it obliquely to costa near apex and the veins on it 
with slight dark streaks ; postmedial line obsolete towards costa, 
slight and very obliquely incurved from vein 4 to inner margin; 
subterminal line white defined on inner side by red-brown, arising 
from termen above vein 3, oblique and slightly waved to vein 2, 
erect to vein 1, then bent inwards to postmedial line; an obli<[ue 
VOL. VI [I. a 



226 HOCTXTID^. 

"black streak from apex and termiual series of black points ; cilia 
intersected by blackish streaks. Hind wing white, the veins 
tinged with brown ; traces of a discoidal point and postmedial and 
subterminal lines ; a terminal series of black points ; the underside 
irrorated with a few black scales, a small discoidal spot, postmedial 
series of minute streaks on the veins, and terminal series of small 
lunules. 

Hah. U.S.A., Arizona, Phoenix {Kiinze), 1 <S , Yavapai C>>., 
Baboquavaria Mts. Ex-p. 26 millim. 

Genus COPIBRYOPHILA. 

Type. 

CnpihrijophUa, Smitb, Pr. U.S. Nat. Mus.xxii. p. 416 (1900) ...... anydlca. 

Proboscis foUj^ developed ; palpi obliquely upturned, slender, the 2nd joint 
moderately scaled, the 3rd rather long ; froiis with large rounded prominence 
with shovel-shaped plate at extremity and trifid corneous plate below it ; eyes 
large, round ; antennee of female minutely ciliated ; thorax clothed almost 
entirely with scales, the prothorax without crest, the metatboi-ax with large 
rounded crest ; tibite smoothly scaled ; abdomen without crests. Fore wing 
with the apes rounded, the termen evenly curved and not crenulate ; veins '■5 
and 5 from near angle of cell ; 6 irom upper angle ; 9 from 10 anastomosing 
with 8 to form the areole ; 11 from cell. Hind wing uith veins 3, 4 from angle 
of cell; 5 obsolescent from middle of discocelliilars; 6,7 from upper angle; 
8 anastomosing with the cell to near middle. 

*3843. Copibryophila angelica. 

CopihryopMla avgelica, Smith, Pr. U.S. JVat. Mus. xxii. p. 416 (1000); 
Dyar, Oat. Lep. N. Am. p. 107. 

2 . Head and thorax grey suffused with brown and mixed with 
some fuscous ; tarsi fuscous with pale rings ; abdomen whitieh 
dorsally faintly tinged with brown. Fore wing whitish tinged and 
irrorated with broAvn, the medial area suffused with brown to end 
of cell ; subbasal line represented by a dark striga from costa with 
some whitish on its outer edge ; antemedial line black defined by 
white on inner side, oblique, waved ; claviform dark, defined by 





Fig. 51. — CopihryopMla angelica, §. \. 

black at extremity ; orbicular and reniform whitish deiined by 
black at sides only, the former round, the latter quadrate, a blackish 
patch between them ; postmedial line black, bent outwards and 
almost obsolete below costa, angled inwards in discal fold, below 
vein 4 bent inwards and almost obsolete to below angle of cell, then 
erect and defined by whitish on outer side, some whitish points with 



COPrBEYOEHILA. PRODICELLA. 222 

fuscous between them beyond it on costa ; subterminal line "wliitish 
defined by fuscous sufii'usion on inner side, angled inwards below 
costa, outwards at veins 7, 0, 4, 3 and incurved at discal fold and 
below vein 3 ; the termen strongly suffused with brown on apical 
half and with terminal series of black points. Hind wing whitish, 
uniformly tinged with brown, the cilia white. 

Hab. U.S.A., California, cotype f $ in Coll. J. B. Smith. E.vp 
24 millim. 



Genus PRODICELLA, nov. 

Type, P. darena. 

Proboscis tuUy developed ; palpi obliquely uptui-ned, the 2nd joint reaching 
about to middle of frons and moderately fringed with hair in front, the 3rcl 
moderate ; frons with large rounded prominence with corneous shovel-shaped 
plate at middle and triangular plate below it ; eyes large, round ; autennEe of 
male almost simple ; thorax clothed chieily with scales, the prothorax without 
crest, the metathorax with rounded decumbent crest; tibia? slightly fringed 
wiih hair ; abdomen without crests. Fore wing with the apex rounded, the 
termen evenly curved and not crenulate ; veins 3 and 5 from near angle of 
cell ; 6 from upper angle ; 9 from 10 anastomosing with 8 to form the areole ; 
1 1 from cell. Hind wing- with veins 3, 4 stalked ; 5 obsolescent from middle 
of diacooellulars ; <6, 7 from upper angle ; 8 anastomosing with the cell to one- 
third length. 

3844. Prodicella darena. 

Thal'pochares darena, Drnce, Biol. Centr.-Am., Het. ii. p. 496, pi. 95. f. 21 

(1«98). 

Head and thorax red-brown mixed with ochreous white ; tarsi 
banded with brown ; abdomen white slightly tinged with brown. 
Fore wing ochreous whitish suffused with red-brown ; the medial 
area, except beyond the reniform, and the terminal area darker red- 
brown ; some dark red-brown on base of costa with a pale striga on 
it representing the subbasal line ; antemedial line black-brown 
with pale suffusion before it, almost straight and erect ; orbicular 
and reniform small, with slight whitish annuli incompletely defined 




Fig. 52. — Prodicella darena, i^ . 



by dark brown, the former round, a dark streak before and between 
them in discal fold ; postmedial line dark brown defined by whitish 
on outer side, obsolescent except beyond the cell and below vein 2, 
bent outwards below costa, then very minutely waved, below vein 4 
bent inwards to below end of cell, then erect, same pale points 
beyond it on costa ; an indistinct pale subterminal line with dark 
brown patch before it on costal area, excurved below vein 7 and at 
middle : a terminal series of blackish stria?. Hind wing white, the 



228 NOCxiriD^. 

terminal area tinged with I'ufous : the underside with the costal 
and terminal areas tinged with yellowish and slightly irrorated with 
rufous, a slight red-brown postmedial mark on costal area. 

Hah. Mexico, Presidio (Forrer), 3 d , 1 $ type, Godman-Salvin 
Coll. Exp. 20 millim. 

Genus ESCARIA, ,_ 

Type. 
Escaria, Grote, Papilio, ii. p. 186 (1882) dauda. 

Proboscis aborted, minute ; palpi obliquelj porrect, short, the 2nd joint 
moderately fringed with hair; Irons with long corneous heart-shaped process 
■with raised edges and corneous plate below it ; eyes large, round ; antennae 
of male ciliated ; thorax clothed almost entirely with scales and without crests; 
tibije slightly fringed with hair ; abdomen without crests. Fore wing with 
the apex rounded, the termen evenly curved and not crenulate ; yeins 3 and 5 
from near angle of cell ; G from upper angle ; 9 from 10 anastomosing with 
8 to form the areole; ll from cell. Hind wing with veins 3, 4 from angle 
of cell ; 5 obsolescent from middle of discocellulars ; 6, 7 from upper angle ; 
8 anastomosing with the cell near base only. 

8845. Escaria clauda. 

Escaria clauda, Grote, Papilio, ii. p. 186 (1882); Smith, Cat. Noct. N. Am. 
p. 302. 

Head and thorax reddish ochreous mixed with black ; tarsi 
blackish with pale rings ; abdomen reddish ochreous. Fore wing 
ochreous irrorated with rufous and some blackish ; subbasal line 
blackish, excurved below costa and cell, angled inwards in cell and 
ending at vein 1 ; antemedial line with double black spots at costa, 
then blackish defined on inner side by ochreous, waved, angled 
inwards on vein 1 ; claviform a small blackish mark ; orbicular 




Fig. 53.— Escaria clauda, c?. |. -~ 

small, round, ochreous defined by some black scales ; reniform an 
ochreous bar defined by some black scales ; postmedial line blackish 
slightly defined on outer side by ochreous, bent outwards below 
costa, then incurved, slightly excurved at median nervules, then 
incurved and somewhat dentate, some slight pale points beyond it 
on costa ; subterminal line pale defined on inner side by rufous, 
oblique towards costa, excurved below vein 7 and at middle ; a 
fine black terminal line ; cilia fuscous mixed with some ochreous 
and with a slight dark line at middle. Hind wing ochreous tinged 
with brown especially on terminal area ; a slight discoidal spot, 



ESCAEIA. ALEPTIXA. 



229 



indistinct sinuous postmedial line ; a dark terminal line ; cilia pale ; 
the underside ochreous, the costal and terminal areas irrorated 
with brown, a slight discoidal lunule and curved postmedial line. 
Hah. U.S.A., Arizona, Phoenix, 1 c? , 1 $ . Exp, 26 millim. 



Genus ALEPTINA. 



Type. 



Akptina. Dyar, Can. Ent. xxxiv. p. 105 (1902) inca. 

Proboscis aborted and rather slight ; palpi obliquely porrect, slenderly 
scaled and extending to extremity of the large flattened corneous plate at 
middle of frons, a corneous plate below the frons excised in front ; eyes large, 
I'ound; antennae of male somewhat laminate and almost simple; thorax 
clothed almost entirely with scales and without crests ; tibia slightly fringed 
with hair; abdomen without crests. Fore wing with the apex rounded, the 
termen evenly curved and not crenulate; veins 3 and 5 from near angle of 
cell ; 6 from upper angle ; 9 from 10 anastomosing with 8 to form the areole; 
1 1 from cell. Hind wing with veins 3, 4 shortly stalked ; 5 obsolescent from 
well below middle of discocellulars ; 6, 7 from upper angle; 8 anastomosing 
with the cell to towards middle. 



3846. Aleptina inca. 

Alepiina inca, Dyar, Can. Ent. xxxiv. p. 105 (1902); id. Cat. Lep. N. Am. 
p. 107. 

Head and thorax black mixed with white, the frons above and 
back of head mostly white ; pectus white ; tarsi black ringed wiih 
white ; abdomen brownish ochreous, the ventral surface whitish 
irrorated v.-ith brown. Fore wing bluish grey irrorated with black 
and white, the basal area whitish except before costal half of 




Fig. 54. — Aleptma inca, J". |. 

antemedial line, which is double, black, angled outwards below costa 
and cell; claviform slight, rarrow, elongate, defined below by 
black and white ; orbicular with brown centre and white annulus 
defined by black, large, round ; reniform grey with faint white 
annulus, undefined, an oblique white shade from costa before sub- 
terminal line to upper part of reniform, the veins on it with dark 
streaks ; postmedial line very indistinct, dark, strongly bent out- 
wards below costa, then double, oblique, sinuous ; subterminal line 
very indistinct, whitish, crossed by an oblique blackish shade from 
apex to its inner side at vein 4, cxcurved below vein 7 and at 
middle, then incurved and the white more prominent; the termen 
whitish Avith a series of black points; cilia with a blackish patch 



230 IfOCXUIDJ5. 

at tornus. Hind wing white, the veins and apical area tinged 
with brown, the terminal area tinged with brow'ii in female ; the 
underside with the apical area slightly irrorated with brown. 

Hah. U.S.A., Texas, Arizona, Yuma Co., 1 c? , i $ . Exp. 24 
millim. 



Genus PRORACHIA, nov. 

Type, P. daria. 

Proboscis aborted, small ; palpi porrect, hardly reaching as far as the lurge 
rounded frontal prominence witli transverse corneous ridge and corneous plate 
below it ; eyes large, round ; autennie of male ciliated ; taorax clothed almost 
entirely with scales, the protborax without crest, the metathorax with decum- 
bent crest; tibiae smoothly scaled; abdomen without crests. Fore wing with 
the apex rounded, the termen evenly curved and not crenulate ; veins 3 and 5 
from near angle of cell ; 6 from upper angle ; 9 from 10 anastomosing with 8 
to form the areoie ; 11 from cell. Hind wing with veins 3, 4 from angle of 
cell ; 5 obsolescent from middle of discoceliulars ; 6, 7 from upper angle ; 
8 anastomosing with the cell to about one-third length. 

3847. Prorachia daria. 

Thalpochares daria, Druce, Biol. Centr-Am., Het. ii. p. 497, pi. 95, f. 29 
(1898); Dyar, Oat. Lep. N. Am. p. 211. 

Head and thorax dark brown mixed with grey ; legs dark brown, 
the tarsi slightly ringed with white ; abdomen rufous. Fore wing 
grey suffused with red-brown ; subbasal line represented by slight 
double dark striae from costa; anteraedial line slight, blackish, 
defined on inner side by whitish, minutely waved from costa to 
median nervure, then angled outwards in submediau fold and 




Fig. 55. — Frorachia daria, (^ . i. 

inwards on vein 1 ; claviform and orbicular absent ; reniform with 
whitish annulus defined by black except above, its centre grey 
irrorated with brown and defined by brown, constricted at middle 
and expanding above ; an indistinct oblique brown medial line ; 
postmedial line double filled in with grey, the inner line blackish, 
the outer indistinct except at costa, strongly bent outwards below 
costa, very slightly incurved at discal fold, oblique and sinuous 
below vein 4, some whitish points beyond it on costa ; subterminal 
line indistinct, grey defined by brown suffusion on inner side, 
excurved below 7 and at middle ; a terminal series of slight black 
points. Hind wing w^hitish suffused with red-brown, the veins and 
terminal area darker; cilia whitish tinged with brown, a slight 
brown line near base : the underside whitish tinged with rufous, the 



PEOKACHIA, HADEIS^ELLA. 23l 

costal area irrorated with rufous, a slight waved postmedial line 
from costa to vein 5 and faint diffused terminal band. 

Ab. 1, Fore wing with the reniform more prominently white. 

Ab. 2. Fore wing with black patches before and beyond the 
reniform. 

Hah. U.S.A., Arizona, Huachuca Mts., 1 $ , Prescott (Kunze), 
1 c? , 1 5 ; Mexico, Jalapa ( Trtyi/Zo), 7^,15 type, Presidio (Forrei-), 
1 (S , Godman-Salvin Coll. Kvjy. 24 millim. 

Genus HADENELLA. 

Type. 

Hadenella, Grote, Papilio, iii. p. 123 (1883) pergcntilis. 

Proboscis fully developed ; palpi obliquely upturned, slender, short, roughly 
scaled. ; Irons with large corneous prominence with raised edges, long truncate 
central process hollowed out in front and corneous plate below it ; eyes large, 
roLuideci ; antenn<B of male ciliated ; head and thorax clothed chiefly with 
Scales, the metathorax with spreading crest ; tibi« modei'ately friuged with 
hair ; abdomen with dorsal crest at base only. Fore wing long and narrow, 
the apex rounded, the termen obliquely curved ; veins 3 and 6 from near angle 
of cell ; 6 from upper angle ; 9 trom 10 anastomosing with 8 to form tne 
areole ; 1 1 from cell. Hind wing with veins 3, 4 trom angle of cell ; 5 
obsolescent from below middle of discocellulars ; 6, 7 stalked ; 8 anastomosing 
with the cell near base only. 

A. Fore wing with pinkish-white fascia below the cell from 

base to subterminal line recUradiata. 

13. Fore wing without pinkish-white fascia below the cell ^j^r^ewiJife. 

3848. Hadenella rectiradiata. (Plate CXXXII. fig. 31.) 

Tarache rectiradiata, Hmpsn. Ann. S. Afr. Mus. ii. p. 391 (1902). 

$ . Head and thorax purplish grey mixed with some pinkish 
and dark brown ; tegulae with blackish lines near base and tips ; 
patagia edged with black ; vertex of thorax with blackish streak ; 
pectus and legs brownish white, the tarsi blackish ringed with 
white ; abdomen brownish ochreous, the ventral surface white. 
Fore wing purplish grey with slight dark irroration, the veins 
streaked with black ; an oblique black streak above inner margin 
before middle ; a pinkish-white fascia below the cell and vein 3 
from base to subterminal line, and a short fascia beyond the cell 
above and below vein 5; subbasal and antemedial lines absent; 
orbicular and reniform small and close together, whitish defined by 
black and with some brown in centres, the former round; post- 
medial line represented by a slight striga across vein 1 ; sub- 
terminal line slight, whitish, minutely waved, incurved below vein 3, 
with a whitish patch beyond it at apex and two small spots above 
tornus; a series of slight whitish lunules on termen; cilia chequered 
yellowish-white and black. Hind wing whitish tinged with brown, 
the terminal area suffused with brown ; cilia whitish ; the under- 
side ochreous white slightly irrorated with brown, a dark discoidal 
point and terminal luniilate line. 
■ Hah. Bechuanalaxd, N'gami {Lvyard), 1 $ type. , Exp. 32 millim. 



232 Noc'iriDJE. 

3849. Hadenella pergentilis. 

Hadcnella pergentilis, Grote, Papilio, iii. p. 123 (1883); Smith, Cat. Jfoct. 
N. Am. p. 164. 

S . Head and thorax white mixed with brown and fuscous 
scales ; frons with lateral black bars : antennae, ringed black and 
white ; abdomen ochreous irrorated with black. Fore wiag 
whitish irrorated with fuscous and tinged with ochreous except 
towards costa, the "veins with slight dark streaks ; subbasal line 
represented by an oblique black striga from costa ; antemedial 
line defined by whitish on inner side, dentate, strongly angled 
outwards in submedian fold and above inner margin ; claviform 
very large, extending almost to postmedial line, defined by brown 
above and fuscous below ; orbicular small with white annulus 
defined by fuscous; reniform with fuscous centre and slight whitish 




Fig. b^.-^Hadendla pergeniili 



annulus defined by black, an oblique fuscous shade from costa to 
reniform; postmedial line indistinct, bent outwards below costa, 
then dentate, oblique below vein 4 ; subterminal line white defined 
by rufous on inner side and by an oblique blackish wedge-shaped 
patch from costa, somewhat angled outAvards at veins 7 and 4 and 
incurved at submedian fold ; the terminal area darker except at 
apex ; cilia white with black line near base and blackish tips. 
Hind wing whitish tinged with ochreous brown, the veins darker; 
a fine black terminal line; cilia white with a luscous line near 
base ; the underside sparsely irrorated with brown, a discoidal spot 
and indistinct curved postmedial line with minute dark streaks on 
the reins. 

Hah. U.S.A., Washington, Wyoming, Colorado, Glenwood Springs, 
2 S . Exj), 32 millim. 

Genus FOTELLA. 

Type. 
Fotella, Grote, Can. Ent. xiv. p. 181 (1882) notalis. 

Proboscis fully deTeloped ; palpi upturned, the 2nd joint slender, reaching 
to middle of frons and fringed with scales in front, the 3rd short ; frons 
with rounded prominence with corneous plate below it ; eyes large, rounded ; 
antennae of female ciliated ; head and thorax clothed with scales only, a ridge 
of scales between antenna; prothorax without crest, metathorax with large 
spreading crest ; tibiie slightly fringed with hair ; abdomen with dorsal crest 
at base only ; build slender ; wings ample. Fore wing with the apex rounded, 
the termen evenly curved ; veins 3 and 5 from near angle of cell ; tt from 
upper angle ; 9 from 10 anastomosing with 8 to form the areole ; 11 from 
cell. Hind wing with veins 3, 4 from angle of cell; 5 obsolescent from just 
below middle of discocellulars ; G, 7 from upper angle ; 8 anastomosing with 
the cell near base onlv. 



rOTELLA. 233 

A. Fore wing with the orbicular distinct, the ante- and post- 
medial hues present cylindrka. 

. B. Fore wing with the orbicular, ante- and postmedial lines 

absent notalis. 

3850. Potella cylindrica. 

Hadena cylindrica, Grote, Can. Ent. xii. p. 214 (1880) ; Smith, Cat. Noct. 
N. Am. p. 146. 

$ . Head and thorax white mixed with red-brown and black ; 
tarsi banded with black; abdomen ochreous irrorated with brown, 
the basal crest black at tip. Fore wing grey-white tinged with 
brown and irrorated with fuscous, the veins with fine black streaks ; 
subbasal line black, waved, from costa to submedian fold ; ante- 
medial line double at costa, then very indistinct, waved; claviform 
elongate, defined by black; orbicular and reniform whitish defined 
by black, the former with its centre slightly irrorated with fuscous, 
oblique elliptical, the latter strongly tinged with fuscous ; traces of 




Fig. 57. — FoLella cylindrica 



a medial line oblique from costa to below cell ; postmedial line very 
indistinct, strongly bent outwards below costa, then minutely 
dentate, oblique below vein 4 ; subterminal line whitish slightly 
defined on inner side by red-brown and with a darker patch before 
it on costa, angled outwards at vein 7 and slightly excurved ab 
middle ; a terminal series of small black lunules. Hind wing pale 
ochreous ; a slight discoidal lunule and curved postmedial line ; a 
fine dark terminal line ; cilia white with a slight brown line near 
base ; the underside white irrorated with brown, a discoidal lunule, 
postmedial line, and terminal series of striae. 

Hah. U.S.A., Nevada, 1 5 type. Exp. 30 millim. 

*3851. Fotella notalis. (Plate CXXVIII. fig. 13.) 

Fofella notalis, Grote, Can. Ent. xiv. p. 181 (1882); Smith, Cat. Noct. 
]Sr. Am. p. 195. 

5 . Head and thorax olive-fuscous mixed with greyish; abdomen 
pale greyish ochreous. Fore wing olive-fuscous with a narrow 
pale terminal band ; lines , absent ; reniform slight, white, con- 
stricted at middle. Hind wing whitish tinged with fuscous 
especially on terminal area ; cilia white. 

Hah. U.S.A., Arizona. Exp. 34 millim. This species is un- 
known to me ; figured from a drawing from type in Coll. Brooklyn 
Soc. Arts and Sciences. 



234 



KOCXUIDiE. 



Genus CATABENA. 

Type. 

Calabena, Wlk. xxxii. 631 (1865) lineolata. 

I'urbtUa, Wlk. Char. Undesyr. Het. p. 26 (1869) lineolata. 

Adipsophanes, Grote, Bull. Buff. Soc. Nat. 8ci. i. p. 181 (1873)... lineolata. 

Proboscis fully developed ; palpi upturned, the 2nd joint reaching about to 
middle ot' froas and moderately scaled, the 3rd short, porrect ; frons smooth ; 
ejes large, round ; autennte of male ciliated ; thorax clothed almost entirely 
with scales, the tegular produced to a slight dorsal ridge and hood behind, the 
pro- and metathorax with slight spreading crests; tibiaj fringed with long 
hair on outer side at base ; build slender; abdomen with dorsal crest at base 
only. Fore wing long and narrow, the apex rounded, the ternien obliquely 
curved and not crenulate ; veins 3 and 5 from near angle of cell ; 6 from 
upper angle; 9 from 10 anastomosing with 8 to form the areole ; 11 from cell. 
Hind wing with veins 3, 4 from angle of cell ; 5 froiu middle of cbscucellulars, 
almost obsolete; 6, 7 very shortly stalked ; 8 anastomosing with the cell near 
base only. 

A. Fore wing with black streak below base of cell. 

a. Fore wing with the reniform represented by a minute 

whitish spot esula. 

h. Fore wing willi the reniform absent. 

a'. Fore wing with the orbicular represented by a slight 

white streak defined by black ; lineolata. 

hi. Fore wing with the orbicular absent vitrina. 

B. Fore wing without black streak below base of cell terens. 

3852. Catabena esula. 

Xijlina esula, Driice, Biol. Centr.-Am., Het. i. p. 297, pi. 28. f. 1 (1889). 

Head and thorax brown mixed with grej-white ; frons black ; 
tegulae with strong black lines at base and middle and slight 
fuscous line near tips ; fore tibiae and mid tibiae towards base 
black on outer side ; abdomen grey suffused with brown, the 





Fig. 58. — Catabena esula, cJ. \. 

ventral surface whitish. Fore wing brown mixed with grey-white, 
the veins and discal fold slightly streaked with black ; a slight 
black streak below basal half of cell; antemcdial line dentate with 
a long tooth below costa, then almost obsolete ; orbicular repre- 
sented by a minute elongate white spot on the discal blackish 
streak ; reniform a minute whitish spot ; postmedial line defined 
bv whitish on outer side towards costa, strongly bent outwards 
below costa, then dentate, almost obsolete, oblique below vein 4 ; 
the interspaces of terminal area wilh slight dark streaks ; a fine- 
waved black terminal line ; cilia brown mixed with grey. Hind- 



CATABENA. 235 

•wiiig white, the veins of terminal area streaked with brown ; a 
fine brown terminal line somewhat diffused at apex ; cilia brown 
at apex, then white with a slight brown line near base to vein 2 ; 
the underside with the costa except towards base and apical part 
of termen irrorated with brown. 

Hah. Mexico, Tabasco (//. H. SmitJi), 1 S type, Jalapa (Truj'illo), 
2 J , Godman-Salviu Coll.; Gkenada {H. H. kimith), 2 $. Exp. 
34 millim. 



3853. Catabena lineolata. (Plate CXXVIII. fig. 14.) 

Catahena lineolata, Wlk. xxxii. 631 (1865) ; Smith, Cat. JN'oct. N. Am. 

. p. 194. 

Ticrhula peircsa, Wlk. Char. Undescr. Het. p. 26 (18ft9). 

Adipsojjhanes miscellus, G.rote, Bull. BuiF. Soc. Nat. Sci. i. p. 181 (1S73). 

J . Head and thorax white mixed with pale brown ; irons 
black-brown ; tegulae with black-brown band at base expanding 
into a triangular patch at middle, a slight medial line and stronger 
line near tips; abdomen white faintly tinged with brown. Pore 
wing white, the veins and discal fold streaked with black, the 
lower part of cell and the interspaces beyond the cell with diffused 
reddish-brown streaks; a very oblique black striga from base of 
costa, a black streak in submedian fold to below middle of cell and 
an oblique streak above inner margin near base ; antemedial line 
represented by a very oblique black streak from costa to subcostal 
nervure ; orbicular very narrow and elongate, white defined by 
black ; reniform absent ; traces of a waved rutous medial line ; 
postmedial line strongly bent outwards below costa and slightly 
defined by white on outer side, then obsolescent wdth black points 
on the veins, very oblique below vein 4 and bent outwards at 
vein 1 ; subterminal line hardly traceable, white, dentate ; a 
terminal series of slight dark lunules ; cilia white mixed with 
brown. Hind wing semihyaline white, the veins of terminal area 
streaked with brown ; a slight brown terminal line : the underside 
with the costal area irrorated with brown, a postmedial series of 
minute brown streaks on the veins. 

Hub. Canada ; U.S.A., Massachusetts, New York (Pachard), 
1 c? , 1 2 , Evans Center, 1 rj , 2 $ type miscellus, Congs Springs, 
1 c^ , Pennsylvania, Oregon, Josephine Co., llouge li. ( Walsingham), 
1 c? , 2 $ , California, Sonora Co., Petaluna ( \Valsingham\ 1 ,^ , 
3 5 , Sta. Barbara {cV Urban), 1 J, 2 $ ; hab. ign., 2 cJ type and 
tj-^e, peUxea . Exp. 28-34 millim. 

Larva. Head small, mottled with brown, leaving throe green 
lines on each lobe. Body cylindrical, slender, the feet of joints 7 
and 8 small ; green, mottled with brown ; dorsal, subdorsal and 
substigmatal lines, rather broad, whitish, obscure. Food-plant : 
SoUdago. — H. G. D. 



236 NOCTUlDiE. 



3854. Catabena vitrina. (Plate CXXVIII. fig. 15.) 

Laphygma vitrina, Wlk. xi. 718 (1857). 

Ccdlierqes divisa, HeiT.-Schiiff. Zool.-inin. Corresp.-blatt. Regensb. 18B8, 

p. 147. 
Adipso-phanes terminellus, Grote, Can. Ent. xv. p. 132 (1883) ; Smith, Cat. 

JNoct. N. Am. p. 194. 
Homokadena Candida, Smith, Pr. U.S. Nat. Miis. xxii. p. 478 (1900); Dyar, 

Cat. Lep. N. Am. p. 124. 

J. Head and thorax white faintly tinged with rufous; frons 
with strong black bar above ; tegulae with two faint brown lines 
and slight black-brown dorsal streak ; upper edge of patagia and 
metathorax with some black scales ; mid tibise with black streak 
at base, the tarsi ringed with black ; abdomen white slightly 
tinged with brown on dorsum, the anal tuft with ochreous. Fore 
wing white faintly mottled with yellow-brown and with slight 
dark irroration, the median nervure and extremity of subcostal 
nervure streaked with black, the terminal area suiSused with 
brown ; subbasal line represented by a very oblique black striga 
from costa, the antemedial line by an oblique striga from costa and 
two points on vein 1 ; orbicular and reuiform absent; traces of a 
diffused waved oblique line from lower angle of cell to inner 
margin ; postmedial line slight, blackish and bent outwards below 
costa, then represented by two black streaks beyond the cell and 
below vein 4 by an incurved series of black points ; traces of a 
white subterminal line excurved at middle and bent outwards to 
tornus ; the terminal area with series of black streaks in the 
interspaces, above and below vein 5 extending to well before 
subterminal line ; cilia fuscous intersected with white at base, 
brown at tips. Hind wing hyaline white ; the termen suffused 
with fuscous at apex, the extremities of veins streaked with fuscous 
and a narrow terminal line from apex to vein 2 ; cilia white, 
fuscous at apex. 

2 . Fore wing with si-rong black streak along median nervure 
and vein 4 from base to subterminal line. 

Ab. 1. Fore Aving more uniform bluish grey-white without brown 
suffusion on terminal area, the male with hardly a trace of black 
streak on median nervure, the female with slight black streak. — ■ 
Bahamas, Cuba. 

Hab. U.S.A., Texas, Kerrville, 2 (5^ , 3 ?, San Antonio, 2 $, 
Arizona, Huachuca Mts., 1 5; Bahamas, Abaco (Bonhote), 1 §; 
Cuba, Santiago (Schaiis), 2d, 2 $; Haiti (Ttveedie), 3 ,5 type; 
Gr-enada (H. H. Smith), 1 S • i^^p. 24-26 millim. 

3855. Catabena terens. (Plate CXXVIII. fig. 16.) 

Laphygma terens, Wlk. xi. 720 (1857). 

Fore wing grey-whito mixed with brown ; palpi with brown 
marks at sides of 2nd and 3rd joints ; frons with black bar above; 
teguljB with black line near base and white line near tips ; fore 



CATABENA. CHIEIPHA, 237 

iibiED on inner side and mid tibite on outer side at base streaked 
with black, the tarsi ringed with blackish ; abdomen white dorsally 
suffused with fuscous brown leaving slight white segmental lines, 
the anal tuft ochreous. Fore wing grey- white irrorated and in 
parts suffused with fuscous brown, the veins with slight dark 
streaks ; subbasal line represented by a very oblique black striga 
from costa ; an oblique black streak above inner margin before tho 
autemedial line, which is represented by an oblique series of short 
black streaks in the interspaces, with a somewhat whiter patch 
beyond it from costa to median nervure ; orbicular absent ; reni- 
form a faint whitish patch ; postmedial line blackish and strongly 
bent outwards below costa, then almost obsolete, dentate and 
produced to black points on the veins, oblique below vein 4 and 
with a black spot beyond it in submedian interspace ; subterminal 
line represented by a minute black streak below apex, brownish 
spots below veins 7 and 6, with a short black streak below the 
latter and short black streaks above and below vein 2 ; cilia 
chequered blackish and white at base, with slight brown medial 
line and white tips. Hind wing hyaline white with fuscous patch 
at apex and slight streaks on the extremities of veins ; cilia white, 
fuscous at apex ; the underside with the costal area slightly 
irrorated with brown towards the apical black patch. 

Hah. Venezuela {Dyson), 1 $ type ; Brazil, Organ Mts., Tijuca 
( Wagner), 1 c? , Petropolis {Doer), 2 cJ , I^io Janeiro, 1 S '■> 
Pakagtjay, Sapucay {Foster), 1 $ ; Pertj, Arequipa. Ex;p. 26- 
30 millim. 

Genus CHIRIPHA. 

Type. 

CUripha, Wlk. ix. 200 (1856) involuta. 

Proboscis fully developed; palpi upturned, the 2nd joint reaching about to 
middle of frons and moderately fringed with hair, the 3rd short, upturned; 
frons smooth, with ridge of hair above ; eyes large, rounded ; antennae of male 
bipectinate with short branches, the apex serrate ; head and thorax clothed with 
hair and hair-like scales, the pro- and raetathoras with spreading crests ; tibiae 
moderately fringed with hair ; abdomen with dorsal crest at base only. Fore 
wing with the apex rather produced and acute, the termen obliquely curyed 
and slightly crenulate ; veins 3 and 6 from near angle of cell ; 6 from upper 
angle; 9 froni 10 anastomosing with 8 to form the areole; 11 from cell. 
Hind wing with veins 3, 4 from angle of cell ; b obsolescent from just below 
middle of discocellnlars ; 6, 7 from upper angle; 8 anastomosing with the cell 
near base only. 

3856. Chiripha involuta. 

CUripha involuta, Wlk. ix. 201 (1856) ; Hoipsn. Moths Ind. ii. p. 230. 

Head and thorax ochreous white mixed with some brown ; palpi 
brown except 2nd joint in front; sides of frons black; tibiae 
streaked with brown, the tarsi brown with slight pale rings ; 
abdomen ochreous white suffused and irrorated with brown. Fore 
wing yellow-brown ; the veins brown defined on each side by 
white streaks ; a white fascia below costa from base to apex, the 



238 



NOCTUId^, 



costa brown witli slight black streaks in the interspaces ; a blackish 
fascia below basal half of median nervure and another above inner 
margin from near base to middle ; a slight snbbasal white streak 
below costa, a large triangnlar mark below cell and an oblique 
striga above inner margin ; an oblique antemedial white striga 
from vein 1 to inner margin, on which there is a white streak ; 
orbicular and reniform defined by yellowish white, the former 
very small, oblique wedge-shaped, the latter produced at upper 
extremity; a downcurved white streak from median nervure just 
beyond the triangular mark bent upwards to vein 2 beyond middle ; 
some blackish streaks in the interspaces beyond the cell ; a white 




Fig. 59. — Chlripha inmluia, (^ 



streak from lower angle of cell curved upwards to vein 5, then 
downwards to termen at vein 4; some blackish subterminal wedge- 
shaped marks in the interspaces ; a white terminal band with 
oblique white streaks before it below veins 7, 4, and 3, the 
last longer and ending above the bent up streak in submedian 
interspace ; a fine dai'k terminal line ; cilia brown with yellowish 
white line at base. Hind wing whitish, the marginal areas broadly 
suffused with brown, the veins brown ; a dark discoidal spot and 
diffused postmedial line ; cilia Avhite, brown at tips ; the underside 
yellowish white, the costal and terminal areas tinged and irrorated 
with brown, a blackish discoidal lunule, diffused postmedial line, 
and fine black terminal line. 

Ilab. Punjab, Kulu (HocJcing), 1 $, Kasauli, 1 5. Exp. 52 
inillini. Type t J in Mus. Oxon. 



Genus CALOGRAMMA. 

Calogramma, Guen. Noct. i. p. 165 (1852) 



Tvpe. 
festiva. 



Proboscis fully developed ; palpi upturned, the 2nd joint reaching about to 
luidcUe of frous and broadly scaled, the 3rd short; frons smooth; eyes large, 
round; antenn.T; of male ciliated; thorax clothed almost entirely with scales, 
the prothorax without distinct crest, the metathoras with double crest; tibite 
broadly i'ringed with hair ; abdomen with dorsal crests on basal segments. 
Fore wing with the apex rounded, the termen evenly curved and slightly 
crenulate ; veins 3 and 5 from near angle of cell; (> from upper angle ; 9 from 
10 anastomosing with 8 to form the areole ; 11 from cell. Hind wing with 
veins 3, 4 from angle of cell ; 5 obsolescent from well below middle of disco- 
cellulars; 6, 7 from upper angle; 8 anastomosing with the cell near base 
only. ■ 



CALOGEAMMA, 



239 



3857. Calogramma festiva. 



Noctuaf estiva, Donov. Ins. New Holland, pi. 36 (1805); Moore, Lep. Cejl. 

iii. p. 21, pi. 146. f. 6 ; Hmpsn. Moths Ind. ii. p. 249. 
Folia picta, Guer. Voy. de Coquille, ii. p. 286, pi. 19. f. 7 (1830) ; Boisd. 

Voy. de I'Astrolabe, Lep. p. 241 (1832). 

Head and thorax pale orange-yellow largely suffused with crimson ; 
palpi crimson except at extremities of the joints ; frons with crimson 
bar ; tegulse with crimson medial line ; patagia with oblique black 
streak at base of upper edge, oblique medial crimson bar and 
crimson tips ; pectus and tibiae mostly crimson, the tarsi yellowish 
white ; abdomen yellowish white, the basal crest tinged with orange. 
Fore Aving yellowish white, a large truncate triangular crimson 
patch extending on costa from middle to near apex and down to 
median nervure and vein 4, with a crimson band from it to inner 
margin on inner side of postmedial line ; slight crimson streaks on 
base of costa, median nervure, and vein 1 ; subbasal line repre- 
sented by a black spot on costa and striga from cell ; a double very 




Kg. 60. — Calogramma festiva, (^ . \. 

oblique black line from subcostal nervure at antemedial line to 
vein 1 at the subbasal striga ; crimson streaks on costa and sub- 
costal nervure, two black spots below costa, an oblique streak below 
submedian fold and angled mark above inner margin before the 
antemedial line, which is double, black, angled outwards below 
costa, then minutely waved, excurved at submedian fold and above 
inner margin ; claviform narrow and elongate, defined by black ; a 
black streak above median nervure to the orbicular, which is 
oblique defined by black at sides and with slight brown line in 
middle, tAvo slight black streaks below it defining base of vein 1 ; 
reniform large defined by black, interrupted by pale streaks at lower 
angle of cell, its centre with crimson patch partly defined by black, 
its upper extremity produced to a long acute point and its outer 
edge angled inwards at middle, some black before it in upper part 
of cell and diffused black streaks from it to postmedial line in the 
interspaces ; postmedial line double filled in with pale yellowy 
strongly bent outwards below costa, then oblique, minutely waved, 
incurved at discal and submedian folds and excurved at middle, 
some white points beyond it on costa and two slight black marks 
below costa on edge of the crimson patch ; subterminal line repre- 
sented by black points above veins 6 and 5 and above and below 



240 XOCTIIII),E. 

submedian fold and larger spots above veins 4, 3, 2, Avith crimson 
streaks between them on veins 4, 3 from the postmcdial line. 
Hind wing pure white, the costal and inner areas tinged with 
yellow, a slight yellow terminal line ; the underside with the 
terminal half of costa suffused with crimson. 

Hah. ■? Punjab, 1 S\ Ceylon (Templeton), 1 c? , 1 5; "Nicobars 

, (Ror/ers), 1 $ , Little IN'icobar, 1 c? ; Singapore {Ridley), 1 c^ , 3 $ ; 

Philippines, Luzon, Mindanao ; Trobriand Is., Kiriwini {Meek), 

2 (5 ; New Caledonia, 1 J ; ^". S. Wales, Sydney {MatJiew, Raijnor), 

7 J , 7 $ . Exp. 42-52 millim. 

Larva. Semper, Schmett. Philippines, (i. 516, pi. Q. ff. 4, 5. 

Brown irrorated with black and white, the 4th somite with black 
band ; dorsal and subdorsal lines whitish ; stigmata with white 
spots defined by black above ; a broad yellow substigmatal fascia ; 
head and ventral surface red-brown. Food-plants : Liliacece. 10-4. 



Genus PRODENIA. 

Type. 
Prodenia, Guen. Noct, i. p. 159 (1852) androgea. 

Proboscis fully developed ; palpi iipt-iirDecl, the 2nd joint reaching about to 
middle of frons and broadly scaled, the 3rd short; frons smooth ; eyes large, 
round ; autennte of male ciliated ; thorax smoothly clothed almost entirely 
with scales, the prothorax without crest, the metathorax with divided crest ; 
tibiae moderately fringed with hair ; abdomen with dorsal crests on basnl 
segments. Fore wing long and narrow, the apex rounded, the ternien evenly 
curved, crenulate ; veins 3 and 5 typically from near angle of cell ; 6 from 
upper angle or from areola ; 9 from 10 anastomosing with 8 to form the 
areole ; 11 from cell. Hind wing with veins 3, 4 from angle of cell ; 5 obso- 
lescent from just below middle of discocellulars ; 6, 7 from upper angle; 
8 anatomosing with the cell near base only. 

Sect. I. Fore wing of male with veins 2 and 3 almost from a point near 
lower angle of cell, vein 5 from just below middle of discocellulars. 

3858. Prodenia rubrifusa, u. sp. 

(S • Head and thorax bright rufous ; palpi yellowish in front and 
at tips and with blackish marks at sides of 1st and 2nd joints ; 
fore and mid tibiae with some black points, the tarsi with black 
bands ; abdomen ochreous suffused with rufous. Fore wing bright 
rufous slightly irrorated with black, some yellowish on basal area, 
on costal area beyond anteraedial line, and on postmedial inner area ; 
subbasal line represented by a faint diffused oblique yellowish line 
from costa to median nervure, then inwardly oblique and double, 
then by a slight black line angled outwards on vein 1 ; some 
fuscous suffusion from below costa to vein 1 before the antemedial 
line, which is indistinct, yellowish, angled outwards below costa, 
excurved in submedian interspace and retracted to inner margin ; 
orbicular represented by a quadrate yellowish patch defined by 
black on outer side and with oblique diffused yellowish fascia 
from its lower extremity on and above vein 2 to postmedial line ; 
reniform obsolete, its produced uj^per extremity traceable and 



PRODEjVIA. 



24 L 



slightly defined by black, a short black streak on vein 5 from the 
black edge of orbicular, then curved round and becoming the oblique 
waved medial line ; postmedial line indistinct, blackish, below 
vein 3 defined by whitish on inner side, bent outwards below costa, 
then oblique, incurved at discal and submedian folds and bent out- 
wards to inner margin, some slight pale points beyond it on costa ; 
an indistinct diffused oblique greyish fascia from apex to middle of 




Fig. 61. — Prodenia ruhrifusa, ^ . \. 

postmedial line ; subterminal line whitish, angled outwards at 
vein 7, excurved at middle and slightly angled inwards in sub- 
median fold; traces of a series of yellowish striae just before 
termen ; a terminal series of slight black lunules ; cilia rufous with 
fine yellow line at base and blackish tips. Hind wing semihyaline 
white, the apex tinged with brown ; a fine brown terminal line 
from ai)ex to vein 2 ; the underside with the costal area suff'used 
Avith fiery red, a series of black points on termen from apex to 
vein 3. 

Hah. Jamaica, Kunawaj^ Bay {Walsingham), 1 J type. Exp. 
46 millim. 



Sect. II. Fore wing of male with the neuration normal. 

A. Fore wing with the upper extremity of reniforra pro- 

duced to a very long narrow point defined on lower side 

by an oblique white mark dolichos. 

B. Fore wing with the upper extremity of reniform produced 

to a shorter, broadei", and less oblique point defined by 
white. 

a. Fore wing with curved white streak above medial part 

of innei- margin pulcliella. 

b. Fore wing without curved white streak above medial 

part of inner margin. 
«i. Fore wing with the white streak on vein 2 continued 

to subterminal line ardrogea, 

b^. Fore wing with the white streak on vein 2 ending at 
postmedial line. 
«^ Fore wing with the postmedial line bent outwards 

from submedian fold to inner margin litara. 

W. Fore wing with the postmedial line bent outwards 
from vein 1 to inner margin. 
a?. Fore wing with moi'C or less distinct diffused 
oblique violaceous white fascia from apex more 
. prominent in male. 
VOL. VIII. B 



242 



>'OCTriI).E. 



«'. Fore wing ver.y long and narrow, the wliole 
medial area suffused with ochreous in male, 
the female with some ochreous ou middle of 

inner margin latifascia. 

b*. Fore wing shorter and broader, the medial 
area suffused with ochreous in male, in female 
without ochreous. 
«'. Fore wing largely suffused with fuscous, the 
violaceous white fascia from apex promi- 
nent in male ornithogalli. 

h^. Fore wing paler brown, the violaceous 

white fascia from apex slight prcefica. 

'. Fore wing without violaceous white fascia from 

apex marima. 



3859. Prodenia dolichos. 

Nodua dolichos, Fabr. Ent. Syst. 3. 2, p. 95 (1794). 

PhalcBna commelinw, Smith & Abbot, Ins. Georgia, ii. p. 189, pi. 95 (1797) ; 

Druce, Biol. Centr.-Am., Het. i. p. 268; Smith, Cat. Noct. N. Am. 

p. 169. 

Head and thorax ochreous mixed with rufous ; palpi with red- 
brown bar near extremitj^ of 2nd joint ; frons with red-brown bar 
above ; vertex of head mostly red-brown ; tegulse with black-brown 
band at base and medial line and red-brown band near tips ; patagia 
edged with red-brown and with black line near upper edge ; tibiae 
and the 1st joint of mid tarsi streaked with red- brown ; abdomen 
ochreous suffused with rufous. Fore wing red-brown, the basal 
half of costal area whitish irrorated with red-brown, an ochreous 




Fig. 62. — Prodenia dolichos, S • 



fascia on inner margin from before antemedial line, where it narrows 
to a point, to termen where it expands to submedian fold ; an 
oblique whitish and blackish striga from base of costa ; subbasal 
line represented by an oblique whitish striga from costa defined on 
each side by blackish striae ; an oblique whitish streak from sub- 
costal nervure at antemedial line to vein 1, double below submedian 
fold ; antemedial line rather indistinct, double filled in with whitish, 
minutely waved, bent inwards to inner margin ; claviform slightly 
defined by black, elongate and extending to the medial line ; orbi- 
cular ochreous white defined by black except below, with brown 
line in centre and ochreous bar on outer edge, oblique and with 
oblique ochreous bar from its lower extremity above and below 



PRODENJA. 243 

vein 2 to medial line ; the extremity of median nervure and bases 
of veins 3, 4 to postmedial line streaked with ochreous ; reniform 
slightly defined by black and by ochreous on inner side, its upper 
extremity very strongly produced, defined by ochreous below and 
with slight ochreous streaks on it on veins 7, 6 ; a slight medial 
line from vein 5 beyond lower angle of cell, angled inwards to the 
claviform in submedian fold and outwards on vein 1 ; postmedial 
line double filled in with yellowish, strongly bent outwards below 
costa, then oblique, sinuous ; a broad oblique pale patch from apex 
to middle of postmedial line, whitish on apical area, rufous on post- 
medial area ; a slightly curved whitish subterminal line from the 
pale patch to submedian fold, where it is angled inwards, with black 
streal<s before it in the interspaces, short above, longer below, and 
with a series of yellowish and black striae beyond it ; a terminal 
series of small black lunules ; cilia yellowish mixed with brown, 
intersected with whitish and with a dark line through them. Hind 
wing hyaline white, the veins brownish towards termen, the apex 
tinged with brown ; a brown 'terminal line from apex to vein 2 ; 
the underside with the costal area irrorated with brown, a terminal 
series of small black lunules from apex to vein 2. 

Hab. U.S.A., Massachusetts, Distr. of Columbia, 2 J , Illinois, 
Georgia, 1 c? , 2 $ , Texas; Mexico, Jalapa(^oe^e, Trujillo), 1 c?, 
2 5, Presidio {For7'er), 1 S, Coatepec {BrooTcs), 1 J, Yucatan 
(Gaumer), 1 §, San Bias {Walker), 1 $ ; Gttatesiala, Pantaleon 
{Champion), 1 S , Cerro Zunil {Champion), 1 c? , Coatepeque {Cham- 
pion), 1 (S , Vera Paz {Champion), 1 J; ISTicaeagpa, Chontales, 
{Janson), 1 <^ ; Br. Honduras, Cayo {Blancaneau), 1 2 ; Costa 
E,iCA, Candalaria Mts. {Underwood), 1 cJ , 2 $; Panama, Chiriqui 
{Champion, Hibbe), 2 2 , Bugaba {Champion,), 1 d" , 1 $ , Godman- 
Salvin Coll., Cana Mines {Tylecote), 1 $ ; Jamaica, Moneague 
{Walsingham), 1 J, Runaway Bay {Walsingham), 1 d , Castleton 
{Kaye), 1 cJ; St. Lucia {Cowie), 1 J , 2 $ ; St. Vincent {H. H. 
Smith), 1 5 ; Grenada (H. H. Smith), 2 5 ; Cuba ; Haiti {Tweedie), 
1 5 ; Barbados {Frampton), 1 c? , 1 $ ; Brazil, Amazons, Para, 
]. S 1 Sao Paulo {Jones), 2 $ ; Argentina, Goya {Perrins), 1 S i 
{Thomas), 2 S • Exp 42-52 millim. 

Larva. Head reddish, black in front, the V-mark over clypeus 
contrasted. Body robust, joints 5 and 12 enlarged; brown, finely 
longitudinally strigose ; subdorsal line yellowish white, with a row 
of black wedge-shaped marks above it ; lateral area pale on its 
upper half, dark below, a black spot on joint 5 ; substigmatal band 
obsolete.— H. G. D. 

3860. Prodenia pulchella. (Plate CXXVIII. fig. 17.) 

Laphygma pulchella, Herr.-Schaff. Zool.-min. Corresp.-blatt. Eegensb. 

1868, p. 116. 
Prodenia exquisita, Moschl. Abh. Senck. Gea. xiv. p. 41, pi. f. 23 (1884). 

Head and thorax ochreous mixed with rufous ; palpi with some 
black on 2nd and 3rd joints behind ; frons with dark bar above ; 

e2 



244 kociu]d;e. 

tegulpe with dark medial line ; patagia with black streak near 
upper edge ; fore and mid tibiae with slight black streaks ; abdomen 
ochreous tinged with rufous. Fore wing rufous mixed with 
ochreous and in parts irrorated with black and suffused with fuscous, 
the basal half of costal area and the inner margin beyond ante- 
medial line more ochreous ; subhasal line represented by a very 
oblique ochreous striga from costa defined on each side by slight 
bhjck stricS ; a downcurved ochreous fascia with brown line in 
middle from subcostal nervure at antemedial line to vein 1 near 
base ; some silvery grey above vein 1 before the antemedial line, 
which is indistinctly double filled in with ochreous, oblique from 
costa to submedian fold, then obsolescent and strongly retracted to 
inner margin ; a curved whitish streak on medial area above inner 
margin ; orbicular narrow, oblique, with red-brown centre and 
whitish annulus defined at sides by black, with a yellowish bar 
on its outer edge and oblique whitish fascia on and above vein 2 
from its lower extremity to postmedial line ; the extremity of 
median nervure and bases of veins 4, 3 streaked with wliitish ; 
reniform defined by a whitish and black bar on inner side, its 
upper extremity produced to a long oblique point defined by 
yellowish white and by black on outer side ; postmedial line double 
filled in with yellowish, indistinct and bent outwards below costa, 
then oblique sinuous, incurved below vein 6 and at submedian 
fold ; a diffused oblique violaceous whitish fascia from apex to 
below vein 6; subterminal line whitish, from the pale fascia to 
submedian fold where it is angled inwards, slightly excurved at 
middle with some dark brown suffusion before it and black streaks 
in the interspaces, short above, longer below ; a fine whitish line 
before termen on which there is a series of black points ; cilia 
red-brown intersected with whitish and with a fine pale line at 
base. Hind wing hyaline Avhite, a dark terminal line from apex 
to vein 2 ; cilia tiyjped with brown towards apex ; the underside 
with the costa slightly irrorated with brown except towards base, 
a terminal series of black points from apex to vein 2, 

Hah. HoNUTEAS (Dyson), 1 S ', Jamaica (Gosse), 1 J ; Cuba, 
Santiago (Schaus), ,3 6,22- Exp. 32-38 millim, 

3861. Prodenia androgea. 

lioctua androgecC, Cram. Pap. Exot. iv. p. 42, pi. SIO. f. D (1782); Druce, 

Biol. Centr.-Am., Het.i. p. 269. 
Noctua marmorea, Sepp, Ins. Surinam, p. 109, pi. 51 (1848). 

5 . Head and tegulse red-brown ; palpi ochreous with brown 
patches on the joints ; lower part of frons ochreous ; an ochreous 
bar between antennae and another on vertex of head • tegulae with 
black and ochreous medial line and ochreous tips ; thorax ochreous 
mixed with rufous, the tegulse with blackish scales near edges ; 
fore tarsi whitish, the mid and hind tarsi ringed with white ; 
abdomen ochreous tinged with rufous. Fore wing reddish brown 
suffused with fuscous and irrorated with black, with a large oblique 



PRODENTA. 245 

blue-white patch from apex to postmedial line, towards which it is 
somewhat diffused and tinged with violaceous, its upper edge angled 
above vein 6, the median nervure with pale yellow streak forking 
on bases of veins 3, 4 ; an oblique white striga from base of costa ; 
subbasal line pale yellow, acutely angled outwards below costa, 
ending at subcostal nervure and with short yellow streaks beyond 
it on costal and subcostal nervures ; a double very oblique yellow 
line across submedian interspace before the antemedial line, the 
inner line extending across cell ; antemedial line double rilled in 
with yellowish, excurved below costa and in submedian interspace 
where it is defined by yellowish on inner side, bent inwards to 
inner margin ; claviform slightly defined by blackish, narrow and 
acute at extremity ; orbicular a very oblique yellow bar with two 
fine brown lines on it, an oblique white strealc from its lower edge 
to subterminal line at submedian fold and some yellowish above 
base of vein 2 ; a narrow yellowish and blackish bar across the 
cell before the reniform which is faintly defined by yelloAvish and 
black, its upper extremity produced to a point and with distinct 
yellowish mark on its outer edge ; some ochreous and black irro- 
ration above orbicular and reniform ; postmedial line indistinct, 
double, filled in with yellowish below vein 2, strongly bent outwards 
below costa, then oblique, waved, incurved below vein 2, some white 
points beyond it on costa; subterminal line yellowish, almost obsolete 
on the white patch, then slightly excurved and with black streaks 
before it in the interspaces, long above and below vein 3, angled 
inwards in submedian fold and defined by black on inner side, a 
series of yellow and black striae beyond it except on the white 
patch ; a terminal series of small black lunules slightly defined by 
yellowish on inner side ; cilia red-brown intersected with yellowish 
and with fine yellowish line at base. Hind wing semihyaline 
Avhite, the costa and termen towards apex slightly tinged with 
brown ; a dark point on termen below apex and a fine terminal 
line from apex to vein 2 ; the underside with the costa irrorated 
with brown except towards base, a terminal series of black points 
from apex to vein 2. 

Hah. Panama, Bugaba (Champion), 1 (S , Godman-Salvin Coll. ; 
St. Lucia (Coiuie), 1 $ ; Tkinidad (Kayc), 1 $ ; Gdianas, Cayenne, 
Surinam ; Beazil, Espiritu Santo (Higgins), 1 $ . Eocj). 52-54 
millim. 

3862. Prodenia litura. 

Noctioa litura, Fabr. Syst. Ent. p. 601 (1775). 

Noctua histrionica, Fabr. Syst. Ent. p. 612 (1775). 

Noctua elafa, Fabr. Spec. Ins. ii. p. 220 (1781). 

Hadena littoralis, Boisd. Faun. Ent. Mad. p. 91, pi. 13. f. 8 (1833) ; 

Moore, Lep. Ceyl. iii. p. 19, pi. 146. ff. la, 6 ; Hmpsn. Moths Ind. ii, 

p. 247 ; Staud. Cat. Lep. pal. p. 184. 
Hadena retina, Fn-. Neue Beitr. v. p. 161, pi. 478. fi". 2-3 (1846) ; Herr.- 

Schaff. Eur. Schmett., Noct. ff. 144-5. 
Prodenia tasmanica, Guen. Noct. i. p. 163 (1852). 
Prodenia ciligera, Guen. Noct. i. p. 164 (1852). 
Prodenia testaceoides, Guen. Noct. i. p. 165 (1852). 



246 NOCTUID^. 

Prodenia subterminalU, Wlk. ix. p. 196 (1856). 
Frodenia glaucistriga, Wlk. ix. 197 (1856). 
Prodenia declinata, Wlk. xi. 72i} (18.o7). 

Mamestra albisparsa, Wlk. Journ. Linn. Soc, Zool. vi. p. 186 (1862). 
Prodenia evanescens, Butl. Mem. Nat, Ac. Sci. Wash., Eep. Eclipse Exp. 
p. 94 (1884). 

<S . Head and thorax whitish mostly suffused with rufous ; palpi 
with blackish marks at sides of joints ; frons with brown bar above ; 
tegulse with some brown at base, slight medial line and brown 
tips ; mid tibise streaked with black ; abdomen ochreous tinged 
with rufous. Fore wing ochreous mostly suffused with brown, the 
medial area below the cell ochreous tinged with rufous, the terminal 
area rufous, the median nervure and bases of veins 2, 3, 4 streaked 
with white ; subbasal line double and filled in with white towards 
costa, acutely angled outAvards below costa and ending at vein 1 ; 
an oblique whitish line from subcostal nervure before antemedial 
line to vein 1, double below the cell ; some silvery grey suffusion 
before antemedial line, which is double filled in with whitish, 
acutely angled outwards below costa, excurved below cell and 
retracted to inner margin ; claviform elongate, slightly defined by 
black scales ; orbicular narrow, oblique, white defined at sides by 
blackish and with faint rufous centre, a whitish bar on its outer 
edge and some whitish below it above base of vein 2 ; reniform 
whitish slightly defined by black and with some brown in centre, 
its upper extremity produced to a long acute point ; traces of an 
oblique irregular medial line from lower extremity of reniform to 
inner margin ; postmedial line double filled in with whitish, strongly 
bent outwards below costa, then oblique, minutely waved and 
slightly incurved at discal and submedian folds, some white points 
beyond it on costa ; an oblique diffused violaceous grey fascia from 
apex to postmedial line, then defining its outer edge ; a white 
subterminal line from the fascia to submedian fold, excurved at 
middle ; a fine white line before termen slightly defined by black 
on outer side ; a terminal series of slight black lunules ; cilia 
brown intersected with white and with fine white line at base 
followed by a brown line. Hind wing white, the apex slightly 
tinged with brown ; a fine brown terminal line from apex to vein 2; 
the underside with the costa slightly irrorated with brown except 
towards base, a terminal series of black points from apex to vein 2. 

$ , Pore wing with the violaceous grey fascia from apex less 
strongly contrasting; the inner medial area not ochreous. 

Ab. 1. evanescens. An albinistic form, very much paler ; fore wing 
with all the markings obsolescent. — Caroline Is. and Marquesas. 

Ilab. TuEKEY, Frey Coll.; Crete; Stria (Lederer), 1 (S , S $, 
Zeller Coll. ; Madeira ( Wollaston, Meel'), 4 J , 2 $ ; Canaries, 2 6 , 
Leech Coll.; Ascension I. {Conry), 1 $; St. Helena {Wollaston), 
2 J , 3 $ ; 2 days from S. Trinidad {Murray), 1 5 ; Gold Coast 
{Bales), 1 c?, 1 $, Kumasi {Whiteside), 1 ci" , 1 ? ; Nigeria, Old 
Calabar {Santpson), 1 (S , Sapele {Sampson), 2 ,9 , Onitsha, 1 $ ; 
CoN&o {Cu7'ror), 1 J; Egypt, Aboukir {Graves), 1 $; Soudan, 



PE.ODENIA. 247 

White Nile (Dunn), 1 $ ; Br. E. Aprica, Atbi-ya-Mawe {Button), 
1 c? , Eb Urru {Button), 1 J, Kikuyu {Craivshay), 1 $, Taveta 
(Mogei's), 1 5 ; Uganda, Ruwenzori {Legge Sf WoUaston), 1 § ; 
Mashonaland, Salisbury (Marshall), 1 5 ; Natal, Malvern (Mar- 
shall), 1 $, Maritzburg, 1 J, Durban (Gooch, Leigh), 1 c? , 4 § ; 
RoDBiGUEZ (G'lt^Z^i'er), 2 5; Mauritius (i?eZ;e), 1 cJ ; Persian Gulp, 
Fao (Cumming), 1 cj" ; Japan, Yokohama (Prger), 1 §; Centr. 
China, Ichang (Pratt), 1 J , 1 $ , Chang-yang (Pratt), 1 § ; 
EoEMOSA (Dickson, Hobson, Seebohm), 2 S , 2 $ ; Punjab, Kulu, 
Sultanpur (G. Young), 1 S , Kasauli (Siuinhoe), 2^,2$, Dharm- 
sala (Hocking), 3 d", '^ $, Allahabad, I c5~ , Manpuri, 1 S (Hear- 
say), 1 5 type subterminalis, 1 c^" type glaucistriga ; Nepal 
(Hodgson), 1 c? ; Sikhim, 1 $ ; Bombay, 1 ^ , Bandra (Jayaker), 
1 c? , Patnagiri (Jayaker), 1 5 , Canara ( Ward), 2 J ; Madras, 
Nilgiris (Hampson), 3 c? , Coimbatore ( Walhouse), 1 c5'; Travancore, 
Permad (Mrs. Iinray), 2 cS ; Ceylon (Temjpleton), 1 5; Burma, 
Moulraein (Clerk), 1 c? , 1 $ type deslinata, Mandalay (Bingham), 
1 S , 1 $ : Singapore (Ridley), 5 cj , 2 $ ; Borneo, Sarawak, type 
albisparsa in Mus. Oxon., Mt. Marapok, 1 $ ; Java (Horsfleld), 6 c? , 

3 5 type ciligera ; Christmas I. (Andreives), 2 2 ; Cocos Keeling I, 
( Wood-Jones), Id, 1 $ ; New Guinea, ILt. Kebea (Pratt), 1 c5' , 
1 $ ; Queensland, Moreton Bay (Diggles), 2 J , Brisbane (l\irner), 
1 cf; N. S. Wales (Daniel, Ray nor), 1 J, 1 $; Eui (Mathew), 
1 c? J 1 $ ; Gilbert Is. ( Woodford), 2 $ ; Caroline Is. (Holden), 

4 5 type evanescens : Marshall Is. (Matheiu), 2 cJ , 3 $ ; Navigators 
Is., 1 d ; Tahiti (Mathew), 1 J ; Society Is. (J. J. Walker), 3 $ ; 
Marquesas (J. J. Walker), 4 c? : Sandwich Is. (Perkins), 1 $ , 
iS'.iTp. 30-44 millim. 

Larva. Moore, Lep. Ceyl. iii. pi. 146. f. 1 h. 

Pale violet-brown with subdorsal series of narrow yellow spots 
with black lunulas above them ; lateral series of purplish black 
spots with white dot in centre ; a sublateral white line. Food- 
plant : Lantana. 

3863. Prodenia latifascia. (Plate CXXVIIl. fig. 18.) 

Prodenia latifascia, Wlk. ix. 195 (1856). 

P/'OffewM i;a?-2o/osff, Wlk, xi. 722 (1857) ; D nice, Biol. Centr.-Am., Het. i. 

p. 269. 
Prodenia cosmioides, Wlk. xv. 1678 (1858). 
Prodenia commelincs, Druce, Biol. Centr.-Am., Het. i. p. 268 (part.), nee 

Smith & Abbot. 

J . Head and thorax ochreous white mixed with rufous; palpi with 
blackish marks at sides of 2nd and 3rd joints ; tegulse with slight 
brown medial line and some rufous at tips ; tibise with some black 
points, the tarsi banded with black ; a-bdomeu ochreous suffused 
with rufous. Fore wing ochreous suffuseo. with rufous, the basal 
area with some whitish suffusion, the antemedial area with some 
greyish fuscous suffusion, the area beyond postmedial line bluish 
white wdth red-brown patch on cOsta before subterminal line and 



248 KOCTUID.35. 

slight brown suffusion at middle ; subbasal line represented by 
double dark striae from costa; an indistinct oblique pale line from 
subcostal nervure at antemedial line to vein 1 ; anteraedial line 
indistinctly double filled in with whitish, minutely waved, oblique 
below submediau fold ; claviform hardly traceable ; orbicular 
represented by a quadrate whitish patch with oblique pale rufous 
bar on it at middle and fine oblique line near outer edge ; reniform 
defined by a whitish and blackish bar on inner edge, otherwise 
faintly defined by rufous, its upper extremity strongly produced 1o 
a point, filled in with pale yellow ; an indistinct oblique waved 
brown line from vein 5 beyond the cell to inner margin; post- 
medial line double filled in with whitish, strongly bent out- 
wards and obsolescent below costa, then oblique, minutely waved 
and incurved at discal fold, some white points beyond it on costa ; 
subterminal line indistinct, white, from veins 7 to 2, slightly 
excurved at middle ; a brown point on costa just before apex ; a 
terminal series of small triangular brown spots and fine waved black 
terminal line; cilia red-brown intersected with pale yellow and 
with fine yellowish line at base. Hind wing semihyaline white ; 
a terminal brown line from apex to vein 2 ; the underside with the 
costa slightly irrorated with black except at base, a terminal series 
of black points from apex to vein 2. 

2 . Tore wing with the medial area brown, tinged with ochreous 
at inner margin only, the median nervure and veins arising from it 
streaked with white, the orbicular and reniform much more dis- 
tinctly defined, the postmedial area rather darker and the terminal 
area rufous except at apex and tornus. 

Ilab. Mexico, Jalapa (Trujillo), 5 c? , 2 $ , Cordova {Eumeli), 
1 S, Presidio (Forrer), 1 c?', 1 $, Mexico City (Hoege), 1 J, 
GoateTpec (BrooJcs), 1 S, Durango (Becker), 1 c? , 1 $ ; Guatemala 
(Rodriguez), 1 $ , Vera Paz (Chamj)ion), 2 J ; Costa Eica, Cande- 
laria Mts. (Underwood), 1 S , Irazu (Rogers), 1 $ ; Panama, Bugaba 
(Champion), 1 $, Godman-Salvin Coll.; Jamaica (Kaye), 1 J; 
Cuba, Santiago (Scliaus), 1 J, Matanzas (Schaus), 1 5; Haiti 
(Tiveedie), 3 cJ type variolosa ; St. Lucia (Cowie), 1 $ ; Be. Guiana, 
Demerara (Jenman), 1 cj ; Brazil, Amazons, Para, 1 c? ; Paraguay, 
Sapucay (Foster), 4 c? , 2 $ ; AEGfENTiNA (Thomas), 1 6 , Goya 
(Ferrins), 3^,15, Kiojo (GiacomeM), 1 6 • Exp. 40-50 millim. 

3864. Prodenia ornithogalli. (Plate CXXVIII. fig. 19.) 

Vrodenia ornithogalli, Guen. Noct. i. p. 163 (1852), 5; Smitb, Cat. Noct. 

N. Am. p. 169. 
Prodenia eudio-pta, Guen. Nocfc. i. p. 164 (1852), ^; Smith, Cat. Noct. N. 

Am. p. 170. 
Prodenia flavimedia, Harv. Bull. Buff. Soc. Nat. Sci. ii. p. 274 (1874). 
Prodenia Ihieaiella, Harv. Bull, Buff. Soc. Nat. Sci. ii. p. 275 (1874). 
Prodenia commeliiits, Hilej, ord E-ept. Ins. Mo. p. 113, f. 48/^ (1871); 

Druce, Biol. Centr.-Am., Het. i. p. 268 (part.), nee Smith & Abbot. 

cJ • Head and thorax ochreous white mixed with' rufous ; palpi 
with brown patch at side cf 2Dd joint, the 3rd joint black at base ; 



PEODENIA. 249 

tegulse with rufous medial line and rufous tips ; patagia with 
oblique rufous medial bar and rufous tips ; tibiae with slight 
blackish marks ; abdomen ochreous white suffused with rufous. 
Pore wing brown mixed with some ochreous and with slight dark 
irroration, the medial area below the cell ochreous tinged with 
rufous, the median nervure and veins rising from it streaked with 
white on medial area ; subbasal line represented by an oblique 
white striga from costa defined at sides by black stri^ and an 
oblique white line defined at sides by black from subcostal nervure 
before antemedial line to vein 1 ; some leaden grey suffusion before 
the antemedial line, which is double filled in with whitish, oblique 
waved to median nervure, then excurved and retracted to inner 
margin ; claviform moderate, incompletely defined by black ; 
orbicular oblique, white defined at sides with black, with pale 
rufous line in centre and whitish bar on outer edge, slightly angled 
inwards on median nervure ; reniform with brown centre and 
whitish annulus defined by black, indistinctlj^ below, its upper 
extremity moderately produced to a point ; an oblique waved line 
from vein 5 beyond the cell to inner margin, angled outwards on 
vein 1 ; postmedial line double, filled in with whitish at costa and 
towards inner margin, strongly bent outwards below costa, incurved 
at discal fold, then oblique, waved and bent outwards to inner 
margin, some white points beyond it on costa ; a broad diffused 
oblique blue-white fascia from apex to middle of postmedial line 
and large patch at tornus ; subterminal line white, oblique towards 
costa, angled outwards at vein 7 and excurved at middle, a series 
of short black streaks before it, longer at middle ; a curved 
yellowish-white line before termen defined by black strice on outer 
side; a terminal series of small black lunules with some bluish- 
white suffusion before them ; cilia red-brown intersected with 
white and with fine white line at base. Hind wing semihyaline 
white, the veins tinged with brown on terminal half; the termen 
brown from apex to vein 2 ; the underside with the costa slightly 
irrorated with brown, a terminal series of black points from apex 
to vein 2. 

Ab. 1. Jlavimedia. Fore wing with the inner medial area more 
prominently ochreous. 

2 . Pore wing without ochreous on inner half of medial area, the 
median nervure and veins arising from it more distinctly streaked 
with white, the orbicular more distinctly defined, the bluish-white 
fascia from apex narrower and less prominent, less bluish white at 
tornus. 

Ilab. U.S.A., Massachusetts, New York {Padcard, Riley), 3 S , 
5 $ , Long I. (Hulst), 1 S , Pennsylvania, 1 c? , New Jersey, Lake- 
hurst, 1 c? , Distr. of Columbia, Kansas (Snoiv), 1 $, Nebraska, 
Missouri, Texas, Dallas (Boll), 2 S , 4 $ , types Jlavimedia and 
lineatella, Eound Mt., 1 c? , California; Mexico, Jalapa (r/'j^-iZ/o), 
2 5; Costa Rica, Candalaria Mts. (Underiuood), 1 J, Godman- 
Salvin Coll. Ea?2'>. 40-46 millim. 



250 NOCTUID^^;. 

Larva. Head reddish, black in front, tlie V-mark over cl3"peu3 
contrasted. £ody robust, joints 5 and 12 enlarged; brown, reddish 
on the dorsal line and below the spiracles, finely longitudinally 
strigose ; subdorsal line pale yellow with a row of black wedge- 
shaped marks above it ; lateral area behind joint 5 as pale as sub- 
dorsal line, below dark ; a brown spot on joint 5 ; substigoaatal 
band obsolete. — H. G. i). 



3865. Prodenia prseiica. (Plate CXXVIII. fig. 20.) 

Trodenia prmjica, Gi-rote, Can. Ent. vii. p. 44 (1875); Smith, Cat. Noct. N. 
Am. p. 170. 

Head and thorax ochreous white mixed with pale red-brown ; 
palpi with brown patches at sides of 1st and 2nd joints ; patagia 
with some dark scales near upper edge ; tibiae with some dark 
brown points ; tarsi banded with blackish ; abdomen ochreous 
white tinged with reddish brown. Pore wing ochreous white 
suff'used in parts with brown and grey and irrorated with black, 
the veins with slight pale streaks ; subbasal line represented by 
slight double black strise from costa filled in with whitish ; an 
oblique irregular whitish line from subcostal nervure before the 
antemedial line to vein 1 ; antemedial line indistinctly double 
filled in with whitish, angled outwards below costa, then oblique, 
waved, retracted to inner margin ; the medial area with the median 
nervure and veins arising from it streaked with white : orbicular 
oblique, white defined at sides by black, with brown line in middle 
and without bar on its outer edge, some whitish below it above 
base of vein 1 ; reniform incompletely defined by blackish with 
black and white bar on inner edge and whitish mark on outer, its 
upper extremity produced to an indistinctly defined point ; an 
indistinct oblique waved black line from vein 5 beyond the cell to 
inner margin; postmedial line double filled in with whitish, strongly 
bent outwards below costa, then oblique, sinuous, incurved at discal 
and submedian folds and bent outwards to inner margin, some 
white points beyond it on costa and slight oblique difl'used violaceous 
white fascia from apex ; subterminal line white, excurved below 
vein 7 and at middle and angled inwards in submedian fold, a series 
of short black streaks before it in the interspaces, a fine curved 
white line beyond it bent inwards to costa ; a terminal series of 
small black lunules ; cilia brown intersected with white and with 
white line at base. Hind wing white tinged with brown, especially 
on the veins and terminal area ; a slight discoidal lunule ; a 
terminal series of brown striae except towards tornus ; cilia white ; 
the underside with the costal area irrorated M'ith brown, a blackish 
discoidal lunule and terminal series of black points from apex to 
vein 2. 

Hah. U.S.A., California, Mendocino, 2 Jj 1 $ tjpe, Sauzalito, 
1 2 . Exp. 40-46 millim. 



PEODEKIA, SPOnOPTEEA. 251 

3866. Prodenia marima. (Plate CXXVIII. fig. 21.) 
Prodenia marima, Scbaus, Trans. Am. Enfc. Soc. xxx. p. 150 (1904). 

c? . Head and thorax olive and reddish brown mixed with 
ochreous white ; palpi with some fuscous on 2iid joint behind and 
near extremity ; tegulte with dark lines near base, at middle and 
near tips ; patagia with some black scales near edges ; tibiae 
and tarsi with blackish marks ; abdomen ochreous white tinged 
with brown, the crests and anal tuft rufous. Fore wing brown 
mixed with greyish and whitish and slightly irrorated with blackish, 
the veins with slight pale streaks, the medial area with the median 
nervure and veins rising from it prominently streaked with white ; 
subbasal line represented by an oblique whitish striga from costa 
defined on each side by slight black strise, an oblique whitish line 
defined by blackish on inner side from subcostal nervure before 
antemedial line to vein 1 and a black line angled outwards above 
inner margin ; antemedial line double filled in with whitish, 
excurved from costa to median nervure and in submedian inter- 
space, then retracted to the subbasal line at inner margin ; 
claviform elongate, defined by black ; orbicular oblique, narrow, 
yellowish white defined by black, with olive-brown line in centre, 
whitish bar on outer edge and some whitish below it above base of 
vein 2 ; reniform with ochreous-white anuulus defined by black, 
its upper extremity produced to a rather long point ; an oblique 
waved line from beyond lower angle of cell to inner margin ; post- 
medial line double filled in with whitish, strongly bent outwards 
below costa, then oblique, waved, incurved at discal and submedian 
folds and bent outwards to inner margin, some white points beyond 
it on costa ; subterminal line white, angled outwards above vein 7 
and excurved at middle, with black streaks before it in the inter- 
spaces rather longer at middle, a fine white line beyond it excurved 
below costa and slightly defined by black on outer side ; a fine 
waved black terminal line ; cilia fuscous and whitish intersected 
with white and with fine white line at base followed by a dark line. 
Hind wing semihyaline white ; the underside with the costal area 
tinged with ochreous and slightly irrorated with brown towards apex. 

Hah. Beazil, Castro Paraiia {D. Jones), 1 S • Eap. 34 millim. 



Genus SPODOPTEEA. 

Type. 

Spodoptera, Gnen. Noct. i. p. 1 53 (1852) mauritia. 

Eidaphygma, Bull. Trans. Ent. Soc. 1890, p. 668 ahysnnia. 

Proboscis fully developed ; palpi upturned, the 2nd joint moderately scaled 
and reaching about to middle of frons, the 3rd short ; frons smooth ; eyes large, 
round ; antennae of male typically ciliated ; thorax clothed ciiiefly with scales, 
the prothorax without distinct crest, the metathorax with spreading crest ; 
fore tibise broadly fringed with hair on outer side, the mid and hind tibite 
moderately fringed ; abdomen with dorsal crest at base only. Fore wing witli 
the apex rounded, the termen evenly curved and slightly crenulate; veins o 
and 5 from near angle of cell; 6 from upper angle; 9 from 10 anastomosing 



2.">2 NocTiriD^.. 

with 8 to foi-m tlie areole; 11 from cell. Hind wing with veins 3, 4 from 
angle of cell; 5 obsolescent from just below middle of discocellulars ; 6, 7 
from upper angle ; 8 anastomosing vvith the cell near base only. 

Sect. I. Antenn£e of male bipectinate with short branches, the apex serrate. 

A. Fore wing prominently variegated with black umbraculata. 

33. Fore wing not variegated with black pecten. 



3867. Spodoptera umbraculata. (Plate CXXVIII. fig. 22.) 

, Eumichtis umbraculata, Wlk. xv. 1717 (1858). 
Agrotis enunciatus, Lucas, Pr. R. Soc. Queensl. viii. p. 85 (1892). 
Hadena andrias, Mejr. Trans. Ent. Soc. 1902, p. 27. 

<S . Head dark brown ; palpi with blackish patch on 2nd joint ; 
tegulse brown at base with black medial band and grey tips ; thorax 
brown and grey ; abdomen grey. Fore wing grey- white suffused 
in parts with reddish brown and variegated with black ; subbasal 
line blackish, w^aved, from costa to submedian fold ; a diffused 
brown line, angled outwards below costa and in cell and more 
strongly inwards on vein 1 before the antsmedial line, which is 
oblique, waved, double, the outer line stronger, filled in with grey : 
claviform obsolete ; orbicular and reniform small, slightly defined 
by blackish, the former ochreous, produced at lower extremity, the 
latter with black centre and ochreous annulus ; postmedial line 
somewhat dentate, defined by whitish on outer side, double at 
costa, bent outwards below costa, angled inwards in discal fold, 
incurved below vein 4 ; subterminal line whitish, slightly angled 
outwards at vein 7 and excurved at middle, with small somewhat 
dentate brown marks on its inner side and large patches at costa 
and middle, the area beyond it brown ; a terminal series of small 
black lunules ; cilia dark brow^n intersected with white. Hind 
wing white, the veins brownish ; the terminal area suffused with 
fuscous broadly at apex, narrowing to a point above tornus ; the 
underside with the costal area irrorated with fuscous, a terminal 
series of blackish points. 

9 . Fore wing more uniform greyish without the patches of 
dark suffusion. 

Hal). QuEiiNSLAND, Brisbane {Lucas), type t S andrias in Coll. 
Meyrick (Turner), 2 d , 1 $ , Goodna {Turner), 1 $ , Moreton TBay 
{Diggles), 1 S tj'pe. Exj). 34-40 millim. 



3868. Spodoptera pecten. 

Spodoptera 'pccteii, Guen. Noct. i. p. 155 (1852); Stand. Cat. Lep. pal. 

p. 195 (pai't.). 
Spodoptera erica, Butl. P.Z. S, 1880, p. 675. 
Spcslotis miiformis, Swinh. Trans. Ent. Soc. 1890, p. 226. 
Caradrina pectifiata, Hmpsn. Moths Ind. ii. p. 264 (1894). 

S . Head and thorax ochreous suffused with rufous and slightly 
mixed Avith fuscous; palpi with black spot on 1st joint and the 



SPOBOPTEEA. 



253 



2nd joint black at sides except at tips ; frons with slight lateral 
black bars ; antennse blackish ; tegulte with medial blackish line ; 
pectus and legs whitish, the tarsi blackish with pale rings ; abdomen 
whitish slightly tinged with rufous. Pore wing ochreous suffused 
with rufous and slightly irrorated with black ; antemedial line very 
indistinct, double filled in wi'^-h whitish, oblique, waved ; orbicular 
defined by black at sides, oblique quadrate, conjoined at lower 
extremity to the reniform, which has a blackish centre and pale 
annulus with black mark between its upper part and orbicular and 
slightly defined by fuscous on outer side ; traces of an oblique line 
from lower angle of cell to inner margin ; postmedial line very 
indistinct, double, filled in with whitish at costa and below vein 2, 
bent outwards below costa, then dentate, angled inwards at discal 
fold and incurved below vein 4, some whitish points beyond it on 
costa ; subterminal line whitish slightly defined by fuscous on inner 
side, more prominently at middle and with black streaks before it 




8'pocloi:)tera pectcn, ^ . 



in the interspaces between veins 7 and 2, angled outwards at vein 7, 
excurved and minutely waved at middle and angled inwards in 
snbmedian fold ; the terminal area tinged with fuscous ; a ter- 
minal series of double rather triangular black spots ; cilia whitish 
tinged with rufous and mixed with fuscous. Hind wing white, the 
veins on terminal area tinged Avith brown, the costa towards apex 
and termen to vein 2 with fuscous ; the underside with the costal 
area irrorated with fuscous, a terminal series of black points from 
apex to vein 2. 

5 . Fore wing more uniform brown, with the lines less pro- 
minent and not filled in with whitish, the reniform filled in with 
fuscous instead of black, the subterminal line slightly defined by 
fuscous. 

Hah. CoBEA, Gensan (Leech), 1 $ ; Loo-choo Is. (Fri/er), 1 2 ; 
FoKMosA (Hohson), 2 c? , 2 5 type erica ; Sikhim (Budf/eon), 2 cJ , 

1 5; Assam, Nagas, type t pfcittnrtte in Coll. Rothschild; Eengal, 
Calcutta, 1 (S ; Bukma, Bhamo, 1 $ type unifonnis ; Pekak, Goping 
{Kimstler\\ <S ; 8i^ga.voh:e (Ridley ), S cJj 10 $; Boeneo, Sarawak 
( Wallace, Bartlett), 2 c5' , Sandakan {Pryer), 1 § ; LAsrAN (Everett), 

2 J; Java (Horafield), 5 d" , 1 $ type. Exp. 28-34 millim. 
Larva on " Bukoot." 



254 xocttjid-t:. 

Sect. IT. {Eiilajyhijgma). Antennte of male minutely sen-ate and fasoiciilate, 

3869. Spodoptera abyssinia. 

Spodoptera ahi/ssinia. Gnen. Noct. i. p. 15-1 (1852). 

Spodoptera cilium, Guen. Noct. i. p. 156 (1852) ; Hmpsn. Moths Ind. ii. 

p. 259. 
Caradrina latebrosa, Led. Verb, zool.-bot. Ges. Wien. 1855, p. 205, pi. 2. 

f. 11 ; Stand. Cat. Lep. pal. p. 195. 
Caradrina orbicularis, Wlk. x. 294 (1856) ; Hmpsn. Nat. Hist. Sokotra, 

p. 323, pi. XX. f. 26. 
Caradrina prmterita, Wlk. x. 294 (1856). 
Caradrina insignata, Wlk. x. 295 (1856). 
Laphygma 'procedens, Wlk. xi. 721 (1857). 

Agroiis infixa., Wlk. Journ. Linn. Soc., Zool. vi. p. 186 (1862). 
Laphygma obliterans, Wlk. Trans. Ent. Soc. (3) i. p. 87 (1862). 
Spodoptera insulsa, Wlk. xxxii. 648 (1865). 
Laphi/gma imperuiata, Wlk. xxxii. 651 (1865). 
La/phygma retrahens, Wlk. Entom. v. p. 126 (1870). 

S . Head and thorax ochreous suffused with red- brown ; palpi 
with black bands on 2nd and 3rd joints near extremity ; frons 
with lateral black bars ; tegnlse with black medial line ; tarsi black 
ringed with white ; abdomen whitish dorsally suffused with brown. 
Pore wing greyish suffused with brown ; subbasal line represented 
by double black striae from costa and cell ; antemedial line double 
filled in with whitish, the inner line indistinct, oblique, waved ; 
orbicular whitish defined by black and with slight brown centre, 
oblique elliptical, open below and connected by a streak above 
median nervure with the reuiform which is defined by black on 




Fig. 64. — Spod'Op)tera abyssinia, cJ. \. 

inner side, its centre defined by diffused black ; an oblique dark 
striga from costa to reniform and waved line from lower angle of 
cell to inner margin, angled inwards in submedian fold ; postmedial 
line double filled in with whitisb, the outer line indistinct, bent 
outwards below costa, then minutely dentate, incurved below vein 4, 
some pale points with fuscous between them beyond it on costa ; 
subterminal line whitish defined on inner side by fuscous suffusion 
except between veins 7 and 5, and with slight dark streaks in the 
interspaces before it at middle, angled outwards at vein 7, excurved 
and minutely waved at middle and angled inwards in submedian 
fold ; the terminal area tinged with fuscous ; a terminal series of 
small, rather triangular black spots ; cilia whitish with a fuscous 
line near base and some fuscous at tips. Hind wing pure semi- 



srODOPTERA. ZOO 

hyaline white, the underside with the costa slightly irrorated with 
brown, a terminal series of black jjoints from apex to vein 2. 

2 . Fore wing with the orbicular completely defined by black, 
the reniform with fuscous centre and whitish annulus defined by 
black points on outer side. Hind wing with dark terminal line 
from apex to submedian fold and dark line through the cilia to 
vein 2. 

Hah. Sierra Leone (il/orf/rn?,), 1 S ij'^e procedens ; Lauos, Ebute 
Meta (Boar/), 1 5 ; Nigeria, Old Calabar ( Grompton, Sampson), b S ^ 
Sapele {Sampson), 1 6 ; Egtpi ; Arabia, Mt. Sinai ; Abyssinia ; 
SoKOTEA, Adho Diniellus {Grant), 2 d~ , 1 $ ; Be. E. Africa, Sabaki R. 
{Gregory), 1 5 , El Urru {Betton), 1 J ; Mashonaland, Salisbury 
(Marshall), 2 c?; Natal, Maritzburg, 1 $, Durban {Gooch, Bell- 
Marley, Leigh), 2 c? , 3 $ ; Cape Colony, Grahamstown {Miss 
Barrett), 1 c? , Annshaw (Mss Barrett), 1 S , Knysna {Trimen), 
4 c? , 1 2 {Sir A. Smith), 1 cJ , 4 $ , types orbicularis, jyrceterita, 
and insignata; Mafritius, Curepipe {TuUoch), 1 5; Rodriguez 
(Gulliver), 1 (£ , I 5; Seychelles, Mahe {Meade- Waldo), 2 $ ; 
Asia Minob, Taurus Mts. ; Syria ; Palestine ; Persian Gitle, Fao 
{Gumming), 1 c? , 1 $; Punjab, Sultanpur {G. Young), 1 cJ , 1 $; 
SiKHiM, 1 c? ; Bombay, Bandra {Jayalcer), 1 S ; Madras, Gooty 
(Gamphell), 2 d* , Nilgiris (Cardew), 1 c? ; Ceylon, Kandy {Green), 
1 c? , 1 $ ; Philippines, Luzon, San Fernando, 1 $ ; Borneo ; 
Java (Honrfield), 3 c? , 2 $ , types cilium and insidsa. Exp. 28-32 
millim. 

Larva. Ochreous with numerous pale points defined by pale 
brown ; dorsal line orange ; subdorsal line represented by a series 
of orange marks defined by irregular black lunules above ; lateral 
line represented by orange marks, the stigmata black with brown 
patches above them ; head and thoracic plate red-brown. — Natal 
{Leigh). 

Sect. III. Antennae of male fasciculate. 

3870. Spodoptera compta. 

Laphygma compta, Wlk. Char. Undescr. Het. p. 30 (1869). 

Head and thorax ochreous suffused with bright rufous, the vertex 
of head and outer edge of patagia with some fuscous scales ; palpi 




Fig. 65. — Spodoptera compta, (^ . \. 

with the 1st and 2nd joints tinged with fuscous at sides ; tarsi 
suffused with fuscous and with pale rings ; abdomen oclireous 



256 koctitid.'f:. 

tinged with rufous. Fore wing ochreous suffused with bright 
rufous and slightly irrorated with brown, the terminal area suft'used 
with fuscous and with slight pale streaks on the veins, some whitish 
at base of inner margin ; faint traces of a pale curved waved ante- 
medial line; orbicular represented by a faint minute dark spot ; 
reniform dark, ill-defined ; postmedial line indistinct, dark, slightly 
defined by whitish on outer side, bent outwards below costa and 
incurved below vein 4 ; subterminal line whitish defined by fuscous 
suffusion on inner side, somewhat excurved at middle ; a slight 
dark terminal line ; cilia rufous tinged with fuscous and with a 
fine pale line at base. Hind wing pure semihyaline white ; the 
nnderside with the costal area slightly irrorated with brown. 
Hah. Pekp, 2 (S ,1 ^ type. Exp. 36 millim. 

Skct. IV. (Spodoptera). Antennae of male ciliated ; fore tibiiie witli very large 
tufts of hair and scales from outer side. 

A. Hind wing semihyaline white mauriiia. 

B. Hind wing cupreous brown ■postfusca. 



3871. Spodoptera mauritia. 

Hadena mauriiia, Boisd. Faun. Ent. Madag., Lep. p. 92, pi. 13. f. 9 (1833) ; 

Hmpsn. Moths Ind. ii. p. 248. 
Spodoptera acroni/ctoides, Gruen. Noct. i. p. 154 (1862). 
Spodoptera omhes, Guen. Noct. i. p. 155 (1852). 
Spodoptera fili'iim, Guen. Noct. i. p. 155 (1852). 
Prodenia infeda, Wlk. ix. 196 (L856); Butl. 111. Het. B. M. vi. p. 33, 

pi. 109. f.' 8. 
Prodenia inmgnata, Wlk. ix. 197 (1856). 
Caradrina triiurata, Wlk. s. 295 (1856). 
Agrotis transducta, Wlk. x. 344 (1856). 
Prodenia permunda, Wlk. xi. 723 (1857). 
Lapliygma gratio»a, Wlk. xx.xii. 651 (1865). 
Laphygma sqitalida, Wlk. xxxii. 652 (1865). 
Prodenia vcnust'ida, Wlk. xxxii. 654 ( 1865). 
CelcBna bisignata, Wlk. xxxii. 679 (1865). 
Agrotis aliena, Wlk. xxxii. 694 (1865). 
Agrotis submarginalis, Wlk. xxxii. 699 (1865). 
Agrotis bisigna.ta, Wlk. xxxii. 702 ( 1865). 
Hadena obliqua, Wlk. xxxiii. 736 (1865). 

S . Head and thorax red-brown mixed with some gre5ash and 
black ; palpi with black band on 2nd joint near extremity ; frons 
with slight lateral black bars ; antennae blackish ; tips of patagia 
and metathorax with black scales ; tarsi black ringed with white ; 
abdomen fuscous grey, the basal crest and ventral surface rufous. 
Pore wing greyish suffused with rufous and in parts with fuscous 
and irrorated with black, the veins greyish ; subbasal line double, 
black, irregularly waved, the outer line angled outwards below 
costa, from costa to vein 1 ; an oblique waved black line from sub- 
costal nervure to inner margin before the antemedial line, which is 
indistinctly double, oblique, waved and with double black spots 
at costa ; claviform represented by an oblique black striga at its 
extremity ; orbicular whitish defined by black except below, its 



SPODOPTERA. 



257 



centre tinged with rufous, round, an oblique whitish bar beyond it 
before the reniform. which has a whitish annulus incompletely 
defined by black and diffused black spot in centre, the area beyond 
it between veins 5 and 3 suffused with fuscous to subterminal 
line; an indistinct oblique waved line from lower angle of cell to 
inner margin; postmedial line double, the outer line indistinct, 
bent outwards below costa, then waved, incurved at discal fold and 
oblique below vein 4, some pale points beyond it on costa; sub- 
terminal line white with slight black streaks before it in the inter- 
spaces, angled outwards at veins 7, 6, 4, 3, and incurved at discal 




Fio;. 66. — Spodoptera mcairitia, (^ . \. 

and submediau folds, a dai'k patch beyond it at discal fold and the 
apex suffused with white ; a terminal series of small rather tri- 
angular black spots slightly defined by whitish on inner side- cilia 
pale rufous with blackish line near base and chequered with blackish 
at tips. Hind wing white, the veins, costal and inner areas tiiiged 
with brown ; a blackish terminal line ; cilia tinged with brown at 
apex; the underside with the costal area irrorated with fuscous a 
terminal series of black points from apex to vein 2. 

2 . Fore wing paler and more uniform brown without the 
oblique whitish bar beyond the orbicular. 

Ab. 1. Fore wing of male like the female. 

Hah. SiERKA Leone {Morgan, Foxcroft), 2^,25, types hlsig- 
nata, gratiosa, and triturata; Lagos, Ebute Meta {Boag), 1 §; 
jST. Nigeria, Egga (Dadgeon), 1 J ; S. Nigeria, Old Calabar 
{Crompton), 1 c^ , 1 $; Red Sea {Fletcher), 1 cj' ; Br. E. Africa, 
ISTairowa {Betton), 1 d" , Kikuyu {Crawshay), i 5; Mashokalabtb, 
Salisbury {Marshall), 2 c5" , 1 ? ; Natal, Durban {Bell-Marley, 
Leigh), 2, c? ; Madagascar, Betsileo (Coirart), 2 J,l ?; Mattritixj's, 
Carepipe {Belce, Tulloch), 1 cj" , 2 5 type aliena ; C. China, Shanghai, 

1 (S type obliqua ; Punjab, Simla {Sivinhoe, Harford), 4 5 , Kasauli 
{Siuinhoe), 2 $ , Dharmsala {Hocking), 4 c5' , 4 5 , Jubbulpur 
{Butler), 1 2 5 Allahabad, 1 5 , Manpuri, 1 cT ; N. India {James), 

2 J , 1 2 ■> types squalida, insignata, and infecta • Bengal, Calcutta, 
1 2 ; SiND, Kutch, 1 2 ; Bombay, 2 $ , Ratnagiri {Jayalcer), 1 ^ , 
1 $ , Khaudalla (/SwMi/toe), 1 c? ; Madras, Coimbatore {Walhouse), 

1 cS type venustula; Ceylon {Nieiner), 2 S , Pundaloya {Green), 

2 5, Trincomali {Yerhury), 1 S ', BtiEMA, Moulmein {Cleric), 2 5, 
Rangoon {Scott), 1 2 ■> Thayetmyo {Watson), 1 $, Teuasserim, 
Donat Hills {de Niceville), 1 J ; Andamans, 1 J ; Perak, Goping 
{Kunstler), 1 $ ; Siam {Bowring), 1 S type permunda ; Singapore 

VOL. viii. s 



258 NOCTUID^Ii. 

{Ridley), 6 c^" ; Bokneo, Sarawak ( Wallace), 1 c? , Ivuching {SJiel- 
ford), 1 5; Philippines, Luzon, San Fernando {31cGref/or), 2 c? , 
1 5 ; Java (Horsjield), ] c? , 2 $ , types nubes, filium, and suhmao'- 
ginalis ; Cocos-Keeling I. ( Wood-Jones), 1 $ ; New Guinea, Sogeri, 
] S, Port Moresby, 1 c? ; N. Australia, Porb Darwin {J. J. 
WalTcer), 2 J , 3 $ ; Qoeensxand, Brisbane {Turner), 1 J , 1 5 , 
Morelon Bay {Diggles), 1 5 type bisignata • Society Is., Tahiti; 
Marquesas {J. J. Walker), 2 d" , 5 $ ; Hawaii, Kona {Perkins), 
1 2 ■ Exp. 32-44 millim. 

Larva. Dyar, Can. Ent. 1894, p. 65, & 1900, p. 157. 

Dark brown with numerous whitish strias ; dorsal fascia white- 
edged ; subdorsal and lateral fasciae white ; ventral surface pale 
greenish ; head red-brown. Injurious to rice in the Punjab. 



3872. Spodoptera postfusca. 

Spodopfera postfusca, Hnipsn. 111. Het. B. M. ix. p. 95, pi. 162. f. 8 (1S93) ; 
id. Moths Ind. ii. p. 263. 

2 , Head and thorax red-brown, the scales tipped wiili white: 
tarsi dark brown ringed with white ; abdomen brown mixed with 
whitish. Fore wing purplish grey thickly irrorated with dark 
browu and with some brown suffusion before inner half of post- 
medial line ; subbasal line represented by a black striga from costa 
and black and white spot below cell ; antemedial line double, 
minutely waved aud slightly curved ; claviform defined by blackish 
at extremity and extending to median nervure ; orbicular and 
reniform very indistinctly defined and with a prominent black 
patch between them in cell, the former round ; a dark striga from 
costa to reniform and indistinct oblique line from lower angle of 
cell to inner margin ; a diffused blackish fascia from reniform to 
subterminal line above vein 5 ; postmedial line double, bent out- 
wards below costa, then minutely dentate, oblique below vein 4, 
some white points beyond it on costa ; subterminal line whitish, 
waved, interrupted, defined by dark brown on inner side and 
with dentate dark brown marks before it on costal half, excurved 
below vein 7 and at middle ; a slight waved terminal line with 
small black spots in the interspaces. Hind wing dark red-brown, 
the cilia chequered brown aud whitish ; the underside rather paler, 
with faint discoidal spot and curved postmedial line with some 
whitish suffusion before it on disk. 

Hub. Ceylon {Green), 1 $ type. E.vp. 30 raillim. 



Genus LAPHYGMA. 

Type. 

Lafhygma, Guen. Noct. i. p. 156 (1852) exigua. 

Proboscis fully developed ; palpi upturned, the 2nd joint reaching about to 
middle of frons and moderately scaled, the 3rd short; frons smooth; eyes 
large, round; antonnee. of male minutely serrate or ciliated; thorax clothed 



LAPHYGMA. 259 

almost entirely with scales, the prothorax without crest, the meta.thorax witli 
spreading crest; tibiae moderately fringed witii hair; iibdomen with dorsal 
crest at base only. Fore wing with the apex rectangular, the termen evenly 
curved and hardly crenulate ; veins 3 and 5 from near angle of cell; 6 from 
upper angle ; 9 from 10 anastomosing with 8 to form the areole ; 11 from 
cell. Hind wing vv'ith veins 3, 4 from angle of cell ; 5 obsolescent from just 
below middle of di.scocellulars ; 6, 7 from upper angle; 8 anastomosing with 
the cell near base only. 

Sect. I. Antenna2 of male minutely serrate.' 

A. Fore wing black -brown suffused with leaden grey le.ucophlebia. 

B. Fore wing ochreous brown a'periura. 

3873. Laphygma leucophlebia. (Plate CXXVIII, fig. i:3.) 

Trodenia lexicoiphlehia, Hmpsn. Ann. S. Afr. Mus. ii. p. 288 (1902), 

Head and thorax dark red-brown mixed with some grey and 
black, the head darker, the antennte whitish ; tarsi ringed with 
white ; abdomen whitish, the basal crest black, the anal tnft tinged 
with rufous, the ventral surface blackish. Fore wing black-brown 
suffused with leaden gre}^ and irrorated with black,- the base of 
inner margin and terminal area paler, the medial area with the 
median nervure and bases of veins 4, 3 streaked with white ; sub- 
basal line represented by double black striae from costa and a 
blackish patch below cell ; antemedial line double filled in with 
greyish, oblique, minutely waved, bent inwards to inner margin ; 
orbicular and reniform defined by black, the former whitish with 
pale red-brown centre, narrow, oblique, produced at lower extremity, 
the latter with fuscous centre and whitish annulus, with straight 
inner edge and constricted at middle ; an indistirtct oblique waved 
line from lower angle of cell to inner margin ; postmedial lino 
double filled in with greyish, bent outwards below costa, then 
oblique, minutely waved, slightly exourved at median nervules, some 
white points beyond it on costa ; subterminal line whitish, minutely 
waved, indistinct towards costa, angled outwards at vein 7, very 
slightly excurved at middle and angled inwards in submedian fold, 
with series of diffused somewhat wedge-shaped black marks before 
it in the interspaces, a series of fine white striae beyond it defined 
on outer side by slight black striae confluent with the terminal series 
of small somewhat triangular black spots ; cilia black-brown 
intersected with white and with some white at tips. Hind wing 
pure white, the apex slightly tinged with brown ; the underside 
with the costal area tinged with brown and with a terminal series 
of minute dark points from apex to vein 2. 

Hah. Transvaal, White E. {CooTce), 1 S ; Natal, Karkloof 
(Marshall), 2 c? , 1 $ type 5 Queensland, Brisbane {Turner), 1 <? . 
Exp. 34-36 millira. 



260 NOCXUID^. 



3874. Laphygma apertura. 

Prodeiiia cvpertiira, Wlk. xxxii. Go4 (I8fia). 

Frodenia synsticiis, Hiupsn. Moths Ind. iv. p. 511 (1896). 

Head and thorax ochreous mixed with reddish brown ; palpi 
brown except at tips ; vertex of head with some blackish scales ; 
tejiulte with slight dark medial line ; tarsi fuscous ringed with 
whitish ; abdomen ochreous white, the basal crest blaeldsh. Fore 
wing ochreous suffused with dark brown and greyish and irrorated 
with black, the medial area with the median nervure, vein 2 and 
the bases of veins 3, 4 streaked with ochreous white ; suhbasal line 
represented by double black striae from costa and cell, with an 
oblique blackish mark beyond it across submedian interspace; 
antemedial line indistinctly double filled in with ochreous, angled 
outwards below costa, excurved in submedian interspace and 
retracted to inner margin ; claviform moderate, blackish ; orbicular 
and reniform ochreous defined by black and with pale brown 




Fig, 67. — Laphygma a2xrtura, S . f. 

centres, the former narrow, oblique, its lower extremity produced 
and confluent with the latter which is produced at upper extremity, 
some ochreous above base of veiu 2 ; an oblique waved black line 
from lower angle of ceil to inner margin, interrupted by the streak 
on vein 2 ; postmedial double filled in with ochreous, strongly bent 
outwards below costa, then oblique, minutely waved, and incurved 
at discal and submedian folds, some minute pale points beyond it 
on costa ; a subterminal series of ochreous striae with small some- 
what dentate black marks on their inner side except towards costa ; 
a series of ochreous striae just before termen on which there is a 
series of black points ; cilia with fine whitish line at base. Hind 
wing pure white with slight dark points on apical half of termen ; 
the underside with the costa slightly tinged with brown. 

Hah. C. China, Ichang {Mrs. Pratt), 1 J; Madras, Kilgiris 
(Eampson), 1 d , 1 $ ; Ceylon, Hambantota (Pole), 1 c? type 
synstictis. Exp. 24-32 millim. 

Larva. Baiubrigge- Fletcher, Spolia Zeylanica, 1908, p. 95. 

Jet-black, the segmental interstices creamy white, the prothorax 
with three yellow spots, the other segments with slight pale yellow 
dorsal spots forming a disconnected line; subdorsal line formed of 
pale yellow marks; spiracular line pale yellow; ventral surface 
glaucous green with white points; anus edged with orange; head 



LAPHYGMA, 261 

black with orange spot above the jaw and with numerous black hairs. 
Pood-plant : Drosera, especially the stems, forming a cocoon in the 
earth. 8. 

Sect. II. Antennee of male ciliated. 

A. Fore wing with the orbicular narrow, oblique elliptical. 

a. Fore wing witli the medial line angled inwards in sub- 

median fold exempta. 

b. Fore wing with the medial line not angled inwards in 

submedian fold frugiperda.. 

B. Fore wing with the orbicular round or slightly elliptical. 

a. Head and tegulsB oehreous white flavlmaculata. 

h. Head and tegulce concolorous with thorax exigiia. 

3875. Laphygma exempta. (Plate CXXVIII. fig. 24.) 

Agrotis exempta, Wlk. x. 35-5 (1856). 
Prodcnia hilars, Wlk. xi. 724 (1857). 
1'7-odenia ingloria, Wlk. xv. 1679 (1858). 

S . Head and thorax grey tinged with red-brown^ the bead and 
basal half of tegulse browner ; palpi with slight dark marks- at 
side of 2nd joint ; tarsi brown ringed with white ; abdomen 
ochreous tinged with brown. Fore wing grey tinged with brown 
and suffused in parts with purplish red especially on costal half 
from medial to subterminal line ; subbasal line represented by 
indistinct double dark striee from costa and cell ; an oblique black 
striga with some purplish red beyond it across submedian inter- 
space before the antemedial line, which is double, rather oblique, 
waved, excurved in submedian interspace ; claviforra purplish red, 
rather incompletely defined by black ; orbicular grey tinged with 
olive-brown and slightly defined by black, oblique elliptical, and 
with pale bar beyond it ; reniform slightly and incompletely defined 
by black and with a diffused blackish mark in centre ; the median 
nervure and veins arising from it slightly streaked with whitish on 
medial area ; traces of an oblique waved medial line from lower 
angle of cell to inner margin ; postmedial line double, the outer 
line indistinct, bent outwards below costa, then minutely waved,, 
angled inwards in discal fold and incurved below vein 4, some 
pale points beyond it on costa ; a diff'used oblique whitish shade- 
from apex to vein 6, the subterminal line arising from it, whitish, 
minutely waved, incurved below vein 3, with some wedge-shaped 
black streaks before it at middle, above and below vein 4 extending 
to postmedial line ; a terminal series of slight black lunules ; cilia 
greyish tinged with rufous and with slight rufous line near base. 
Hind wing ochreous white, the veins tinged with brown, the costal 
area and termen suffused with brown ; a fine dark terminal line ; 
cilia white ; the underside with the costal area slightly irrorated 
with brown, a terminal series of blackish points from apex to 
vein 2. 

5 . Fore wing- more uniform fuscous brown, without the oblique 
pale bar beyond the reniform. 



262 KociuiDJi;. 

Hah. Gold Coast, Accra {Sir G. Garter), 1 S ; Lagos (Strahan, 
Boag), 2 6, 4 $ ; Nigeria, Old Calabar {Sampson), 3 c? , 8 $ ; 
SouDAJf, White Nile {Dunn), 1 (5" , 1 $ ; Br. E. Apkica, N'dmu 
{Betton), 1 cJ , Eb Urru {Betton), 2 $ , Macbakos {Grawshay), 1 $ ; 
Uganda, Mulema {Dog<jeU), 1 S -, Ketoma {Doggetl), 1 c? , 1 $ , 
Hoima {Christi/), 1 $ ; Mozambique, Beira {Shq:>pard), 1 ,5,1 $ ; 
Khodesia, Bulawayo {Marshall, Ei/les), 3 (^ , 2 $ ; Transvaal 
{Gholmley), 1 c? , 1 $ ; Natal, Durban {Goocli, Wilkinson), 1 cJ , 
4 $; Aden (t/. J. Walher, Yerhury), 2 c? , 3 § ; Madras, Palriis 
{Campbell), 1 § ; Ceylon, Maskelij'a {Pole), 1 $ , Haldamulla 
{Machwood), 1 $; Singapore {Ridley), 1 c? , 1 $ ; Queensland, 
Cooktown {Lower), 1 cj" ? Townsville (Dodd), 1 $ , Mackay {Loiver), 
1 5 , Moreton Bay {Biggies), 1 c? , 1 $ , types bipars and ingloria ; 
N. S. Wales, Sydney (c^e la Garde), 1 $ ; W. Australia, Sherlock R. 
{Clements), 1$; Hawaii, Honolulu {Blackburn, Matliew, Perldns), 
7 c? , 2 5 , Kona {PerTcins), 2 c? , 1 § , Waialua {Perkins), 1 c? , 1 ? , 
Lanai {Perkins), 1 d ; Hab. ign. 1 cJ type, E'a^:). 26-38 millim. 

Larva. Dull olive-brown -with numerous pale streaks, the ventral 
surface pale ; pale dorsal and subdorsal stripes edged with whitish ; 
a sinuous pale line above stigmata, which are black with a small 
whitish spot behind them on abdominal somites ; head and thoracic 
plate dark brown. 



3876. Laphygma frugiperda. (Plate CXXVIII. fig. '2Q.) 

PhalcBna frugiperda, Smith & Abbot, Ins. Georgia, ii. p. 191, pi. 96 (1797) ; 

Geyer, Zutr. 22, no. 342, ff. 683, 684; Riley, 4th Eeport U.S. Ent. Oomm. 

p. 353, pi. 62. f. 2 ; Smith, Cat. Noct. N. Am. p. 168. 
Laphi/gma macra, Guen. Noct. i. p. 157 (1852) ; Druce, Biol. Centr.-Am., 

He't. i. p. 267. 
Laphygma inepta, Wit. ix. 190 (1856). 
Prodenia &ignifera^ Wlk. ix. 193 (1856); Druce, Biol. Centr.-Am., Het. i. 

p. 269. 
Frudenia plagiata, Wlk. ix. 194 (1856). 
Prodenia atikonnalis, Riley, 3rcl Rept. Ins. Mo. p. 109, fF. 44-49 (1871); 

and Am. Ent. ii. p. 363, ff. 221, 223; and 8th Rept. Ins. Mo. p. 48, 

ff. 26-27. 
Prodenia fulvosa, Riley, 8th Rept. Ins. Mo. p. 49 (1876). 
Prodenia obscura, Riley, 8th Rept. Ins. Mo. p. 49 (1876). 
Caradrina flavimaculafa, Druce, Biol. Centr.-Am., Het. i. p. 280 (part.), 

nee Ilarv. 

6 . Head and thorax ocbreons suffused with reddish brown ; palpi 
with blackish patch at side of 2nd joint; frons with blackish bar 
above; vertex of head suffused with fuscous ; tegulse with fuscous 
patches ; pectus whitish ; fore coxee and femora suffused with fuscous ; 
aodomen ochreous white suffused with reddish brown leaving slight 
pale segmental lines, the anal tuft tinged with rufous. Fore wing 
ochreous whitish suffused with fuscous and reddish brown, the 
inner area paler; subbasal line represented by double oblique dark 
strise from costa; a black streak below base of cell curved up to 
cell at extremity ; a minute whitish spot defined by black on outer 



LAPHrGMA. 263 

side in cell before the antemedial line, which is indistinctly double, 
oblique, waved, somewhat bent outwards in submedian fold ; clavi- 
form represented bj"^ a diffused brownish streak ; orbicular whitish 
defined by black and with pale brown centre, a whitish bar beyond 
it and above base of vein 2 ; reniform with black and white bar on 
inner side, its outer edge slightly defined by black and with irregular 
white marks at upper extremity ; a slight white fork at bases of 
veins 4, 3 ; an iudistinct oblique waved line from lower angle of 
cell to inner margin ; postmedial line indistinct, double, strongly 
bent outwards below costa, then minutely waved, incurved at 
discal fold and below vein 4, some white points beyond it on costa; 
an oblique diffused whitish shade from apex to vein 6, the whitish 
subterminal line arising from it, excurved at middle and bent out- 
wards to tornus, some short black streaks before it in the interspaces 
at middle ; a fine white line before termen with series of slight 
black streaks from it to the black terminal striae ; cilia brownish 
with fine white line at base followed by a dark line. Hind wing 
semihyaline white, the apex suffused witli brown ; a dark terminal 
line from apex to vein 2 ; the underside with tlxe costal area 
slightly irrorated with fuscous, a terminal series of black striae from 
apex to vein 2. 

$ . Much more fuscous brown, the costal area and veins irrorated 
with grey, the lines less distinct ; the orbicular and reniform with 
slight whitish annuli, the former without pale bar beyond it and no 
white streak at lower angle of cell, the whitish fascia from apex 
obsolete. 

Ab. 1. fulvosa, ($ . Fore wing somewhat more suffused with 
purplish, the white fascia from apex indistinct. 

Hab. Canada; U.S.A., New York {Douhleday, RiJei/}, 3 J, 6 $, 
type macra, Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, 1 $ ,. Georgia (Abbot), 1 S 
type signifera, Florida, Nebraska, Kansas, Texas, Dallas (Boll), 
4 cJ » 1 $ ? New Mexico, Hot Springs, 1 5 ; Mexico, Jalapa (TrujiUo, 
Iloege), 3 (5,4 $ , Onz^hdk {TrujiUo), 1 $ , Durango (Fon-er, BecJcer), 

2 c?, 1 $, Tabasco {H. H. Smith), 1 d" , 1 $, Coatepec (BrooJcs), 
1 $; Guatemala, Vera Paz (Champion), 1 J, Cerro Zuuil 
(Ghampion), 1 $ , S. Geronimo (Champion), 1 (5,1 $ ; Honduras, 
Belize (Blancaneaux), 1. 2 ; Costa Rica, Candalaria Mts. (Uncler- 
ivood), 1 (5, 2 5, Punta Arenas (J. J. Walker), 1 cT ; Panama, 
'Bw^diho. (Chumpio)v), 1 (5,1 $, Chiriqui (Champion, Ribbe), 1 (5, 

3 $, Godman-Salvin Coll.; Jamaica (Gosse), 1 S type p>lagiata. 
Cinchona (Fawcett), 1 (5; Cuba, Santiago (Schaus), 3 (5, 3 §: 
Haiti (TiueecUe), 1 (5; St. Lucia (Cowie), 2 ,5 , 2 $; Geenada 
(ff. H. Smith), 1 (5 , 2 2 ; Barbados (Frampton), 2 c? , 3 $ ; 
Venezuela (Dyson), 1 c? > 2 5 ; Br. Guiana (Mclntire), 2 (5,1 2 , 
Rockstone (Kaye), 1 $ ; Brazil, Amazons, Para (Austen), 1 (5 , 
3 5, Breves (Austen), 1 (5. , Paraiia de Byassu (Austen), 1 c5 , 
Santarem (Bates), 1 (5 , 1 $ , type inepta, Rio Negro (Trnmbull)^ 
1 $ , Bahia (Meade- Waldo), 1 $ , Sao Paulo (D. Jones), 2 (5 ; Uruguay, 
Monte Video (NichoU), 1 ,5; Paraguay, Sapucay, 11 (5, 11 ?; 
Argentina, Goya (Perrins), 1 5 , Tuouman, 1 $ , Sta Fe, Ocampo- 



264 NOCTUID^, 

(Wagner), 1 5^ Buenos Ayres (Thomas, Willinson), 3 (^ , 2 $. 
Kvja. 32-40 millira. 

Larva. Head black to brown, reticulate, a pale V-mark over 
clypeus. Body cylindrical, smooth, the tubercles not projecting, 
obscure brownish-shaded, the dorsum broadly paler, sometimes 
whitish ; lateral area dark-shaded between the narrow obscure pale 
subdorsal and broad whitish, reddish-filled substigmatal band, the 
latter not very sharply defined from the subventral area : cervical 
shield dark, cut by a whitish line. Food-plants: Various. — 
H. G. D. 



3877. LapLygma flavimaculata. (Plate CXXVIII. fig-. 27.) 

Caradrina jiavimaculata, Harv. Can. Ent. viii. p. 54 (1876) ; Druce, Biol. 
Centr.-Am., Het. i. p. 280 ; Smith, Cat. Noct. N. Am. p. 168, 

Head and tegulse ochreous white, the latter edged with black 
scales ; palpi with black patch on 2nd joint ; frons with slight 
lateral black bars ; antennae fuscous ; thorax brown mixed with black 
and ochreous white ; pectus and legs whitish mixed with some 
brown, the tarsi black ringed Avith Avhite ; abdomen grej^ the basal 
crest black and white. Fore wing grey suff'used with brown and 
irrorated with black, the postmedial area somewhat paler except 
on costal area ; subbasal line represented by double black striae 
from costa and cell ; antemedial line double, oblique, waved ; 
orbicular ochreous white defined by black, its centre tinged with 
rufous or fiery red, irregularly rounded ; reniform with reddish 
brown centre with whitish lunule on it and ochreous anuulus 
defined bj^ black; a diffused oblique waved medial line from lower 
angle of cell to inner margin ; postmedial line double filled in with 
whidsh, strongly bent outwards below costa, then minutely waved, 
incurved at discal fold and below vein 4, some pale points beyond 
it on costa : subterminal line indistinct, whitish, angled outwards 
at vein 7 and excurved at middle ; a terminal series of rather 
triangular black points : cilia whitish tinged with brown, a dark 
line near base followed by a slight line at middle. Hind wing 
semihyaline white, the veins brown, the costal and inner areas and 
termen tinged with brown ; a fine brown terminal line ; the under- 
side with the costal area irrorated with black, a terminal series of 
black points from apex to vein 2. 

Hah. ir.S^.A., Oregon, Colorado, Durango (Oslar), 1 c?, 1 $, 
California, 2 c? , 1 5 type, Sta. Barbara ( Van Zandt, (T Urban), 2 (^ , 
1 5 , Arizona, Prescott (Kutize), 2 cj' , 2 § , Phoenix (Kunze), 1 cJ , 
3 $ ; Mexico, Sonora (Morrison), 1 S , Godman-Salvin Coll. 
Exp. 26-34 millim. Hardly separable from L. exigua. 



LAPHTGMA. 



265 



3878. Laphygma exigua. 

Noctua exigua, Hilbn. Eur. Schmett., Noct. f. 3r>2 (1808); Dup. Lep. Fr. 

vi. p. 45, pi. 75. f. 2; Mill. Icones, pi. 76. f. 2 ; Hmpsn. Moths lud. ii. 

p. 259 ; Staud. Cat. Lep. pal. p. 195. 
Noctua fulgens, Greyer, Eur. Schmett., Noct. f. 796 (1833). 
Caradrma pygmcea, Embr. Ann. Soc. Ent. Fr. 1834, p. 384, pi. 8. f. 2 ; 

Dup. Lep. Er. Suppl. iii. p. 321, pi. 29. f. 5. 
Caradrina junceti, Zell. Isis, 1847, p. 445. 
Laphygma cycloides, Gruen. Noct. i. p. 157 (1852). 
Laphygma caradrinoides, Wlk. ix. 190 (185(5). 
Caradrma sebghana, Aust. Le Nat. 1880, p. 212. 
Caradrina venosa, Eutl. Ent. Mo. Mag. xvii. p. 7 (1880). 

Head and thorax red-brown mixed with some grey ; palpi with 
fuscous patch on i!nd joint ; lower part of frons whitish ; tegulse 
whitish, brown at base and tips ; tarsi black ringed with white ; 
abdomen whitish dorsally suffused with fuscous. Fore wing whitish 
suffused with red-brown and slightly irrorated with black ; subbasal 
line represented by double black stri.'e from costa filled in with 
white and single oblique striga from cell defined by white on outer 
side ; antemedial line double filled in with whitish, oblique, waved ; 
claviform represented by a slight rufoUs streak slightly defined by 
black at extremity ; orbicular small, round, with fiery-red centre 




Laphygma exigua, c? . ^, 



and ochreous annulus defined by black ; reniform with red-brov/n 
centre with white lunule on it and ocbreous annulus defined by 
black ; an indistinct oblique waved medial line from lower angle of 
cell to inner margin ; postmedial line double filled in with whitish, 
strongly bent outwards below costa, then minutely waved, in- 
curved at discal fold and below vein 4, some whitish points beyond it 
on costa ; subterminal line slight, white, angled outwards at vein 7 
and excurved at middle ; a terminal series of rather triangular 
black points ; cilia greyish tinged with brown and intersected with 
fuscous, a dark line near base followed by a slight medial line. 
Hind wing semihyaline white, the veins brown ; the costa, inner 
margin, and termen tinged with brown, a brown terminal line ; the 
underside with the costal area irrorated with brown, a terminal 
series of black points from apex to vein 2. 

Ab. 1. pygmcea. Very small; fore wing almost uniform pale 
brown, the orbicular with dark point in centre. 

Ab. 2. Much greyer ; fore wing with the antemedial line on 



266 NOCTUID^. 

outer side and postmedial line on inner side strongly defined by black 
on inner area. — N. S. Wales. 

Bab. Britain (Dohree-Fo.v) ; Netherlands, Borkum T. ; France, 
Leech Coll. ; Switzerland, Engadine, Leech Coll.; Spain, Catalonia, 
Zeller Coll., type junceti, Sierra Nevada (Walsingham), Gibraltar; 
Italy, Capri (C. S. Browne), Sicily, Zeller Coll. ; Dalmatia, Prey & 
Leech Colls. ; Algeria (Mrs. NiclioU), 1 d , 1 $ ; Morocco, Tangier 
(Leech), 1 S , 1 $ ; Madeira ( Wollaston), 1 $ ; Canaries, Teneriffe 
(Leech, W. White), 1 c? , 1 $ , Guimar ( Walsingham), 1 S ; 
S. EussiA, Sarepta (Christoph) ; Cyprus (Miss Bate), 1 S ; Asia 
Minor ; Syria, Lebanon (Pratt), 1 S , Mardin ; Up. Egypt, Aboukir 
(Graves), 1 6, Etbai (McAlister), 1 S : Sokotra, Abd-el-Kuri 
(Grant), 1 S , Hadibu Plain (Grant), 1 5 ; Br. E. Africa, Machakos 
(Craivshay), 1 c? , 1 $ , Eb Urru (Betion), 1 $; Bechuanaland, 
N'Gami (Lugard), 1 c? , 1 $ ; Transvaal, Piet Eetief (Crawshay), 

1 2 , Pretoria (Janse), 2 5 ; Orange R. Colony, Bloemfontein 
(Eckersley), 1 $ ; Natal, Estcourt (Butchinson), 2 $ , Tugela R. 
(Reynolds), 1 J , 1 2 , Durban (Leigh), 1 d , 1 $ ; Basutoland, 
Maseru (Craivshay), 1 $ ; Cape Colony (Sir A. Smith), 1 c? , 1 $ , 
Deelfontein (Col. Sloggett), 1 J ; Aden (Yerhury, Grant), 1 c? , 

2 $ ; Persian Gtjli', Fao (Cumming), 2 d" ; Japan, Yokohama 
(Pryer), 1 cf ; Centr. China, Ichang (Mrs. Pratt), 1 5 ; Punjab, 
^imla (Reed, Barford), 2 5, Cambellpur (Yerhury), d c?, 1 2i 
Dharmsala (Backing), 2 c? , 3 $ , Allahabad, 1 $ , Manpuri, 1 ? ; 
SiKHiM (Dudgeon), 1 5 ; Madras, Gooty (Camphell), 1 $ , Nilgiris 
(Hampson), 1 c? , 2 $ ; Ceylon, Puttalam (Pole), 1 J, Trincomali 
(Yerhury), 1 $ ; Burma, Rangoon (Scott), 1 5; Yunnan (Hohson), 

1 5 ; Queensland, Brisbane (Turner), 1 5 5 ^- Australia, 
Sherlock R. (Clements), 1 $ ; N. S. Walks, Broken Hill (Lower), 

2 c?, 1 $ ; Hawaii, Honolulu (Blackburn), 1 c? type vmo^m, Kona 
(PerJcins), 1 $ , Lahana (PerJdns), 1 cT • ^'^P- 26-34 millim. 

Larva. Meyr. Brit. Lep. p. 113; Barrett. Lap. Brit. v. p. 273, pi. 220 f. 1. 

Pinkish brown, dots blackish ; spiracular line pale ochrcous, 
dark-edged above. Food-plants : Plantago and low growing 
herbs. 8-9. In Egypt destructive to Lucerne and Cotton. 

Genus NEOLAPHYGMA, nov. 

Type, iV. leuco2}laga. 

Proboscio fully developed ; palpi upturned, the 2nd joint hardly I'eacliing to 
middle of frons and fringed with long hair in front, the 3rd short; frons 
smooth ; eyes large, round ; antenntE of female ciliated ; tliorax clothed with 
hair and scales mixed, the prothorax without crest, the metathorax with 
paired crests formed of long hair and spatulate scales ; build slender ; tibiae 
fringed with scales, the tarsi with tufts of scales on 1st joint; abdomen long 
and slender, without crests. Fore wing very narrow, the margins subparallel, 
the apex produced to a slight point, the termen slightly excised below it then 
strongly excurved and not crenulate ; vein 3 from before angle of cell ; 4, 5 
from angle ; 6 from upper angle ; 7, 8 and 10 stalked, 9 absent, 7 and 10 
almost from a point ; 11 from cell. Hind wing with veins 3, 4 stalked; 6 
obsolescent from jnst below middle of discocellulars ; 6, 7 stalked ; 8 anasto- 
mosing; with the cell to middle. 



NEOLAPHYGMA. 



267 



3879. Neolaphygma leucoplaga, n. sp. 



2 . Head and tegute green tinged with rufous and with darker 
hars above frons aud between antennae ; palpi dark brown mixed 
with whitish ; antennae blackish ; thorax green with some grey on 
dorsum ; pectus and legs dark brown mixed with grej% the fringes 
of scales on tibiae and tarsi green, the tibiaj and tarsi ringed with 
white, the hind tarsi rufous ; abdomen fuscous with slight greyish 
segmental lines and grey bands on terminal segments, the anal tuft 
ochreous, the ventral surface grey. Fore wing purplish grey 
suffused in parts with red-brown and irrorated with black, some 
sap-green suffusion on antemedial area to below the cell and on 
postmedial area ; subbasal line represented by a black striga from 
costa defined by green on outer side, a round pure white patch 
beyond it from costa to just below cell ; antemedial line indistinct 




Fig. 69. — Neolaphygma leucoplaga, 5 



except at costa and inner margin, blackish defined by whitish on 
inner side, waved from costa to submedian fold, then strongly 
angled inwards on vein 1 and bent outwards above inner margin ; 
orbicular small, elongate elliptical, with deep black centre and grey 
annulus slightly defined by black, the cell beyond it green ; reniform 
with irregular centre defined by black and whitish annulus ; an 
irregularly waved medial dark line ; postmedial line black much 
interrupted, defined by white on outer side then by red-brown, 
strongly bent outwards below costa, then dentate, closely approxi- 
mated to the reniform and incurved below vein 4, some green 
beyond it below costa and some white points on costa with rufous 
streaks between them ; traces of a pale subterminal line ; a terminal 
series of small black spots slightly defined by white on inner side ; 
cilia ochreous and rufous with a red-brown line near base. Hind 
wing semihyaline purplish grey suffused with bro^n, paler at base ; 
a brown terminal line ; cilia with fine brown line near base ; the 
underside with the costal area white irrorated with dark brown, a 
diffused dark mark on costa near base, brownish discoidal lunule, 
diffused postmedial line bent outwards below costa, then oblique 
and obsolescent, and terminal lunulate line. 

Hah. AsHANTi, Kumasi (Whiteside), 1 $ type. Exj). 30 millira. 



268 



NOCTUID^. 



Genus LOPHOTARSIA. 

Lophotarsia, Hmpsn. Ann. S. Afr. Mus. ii. p. 299 (1902) 



Type. 

ocliro'procta. 



Proboscis fully developed ; palpi upturned, the 2nd joint hardly reaching to 
middle of frons and moderately fringed with scales in front, the 3rd sborD ; 
irons smooth ; eyes large, round ; antenntB of male minutely ciliated ; thorax 
clotlied almost entirely with scales and without crests ; build slender ; tibise 
fringed with scales, the tarsi with large tuft of scales on 1st joint; abdomen 
long and slender, without crests, the anal tuft very long. Fore wing very long 
and narrow, the margins subparallel, the apex rectangular, the termen evenly 
curved and not crenulate ; vein 3 from before angle of cell ; 4, 5 from angle 
or very shortly stalked ; 6 from just below upper angle; 7,8, 9, 10 stalked; 
11 from cell. Hind wing with veins 3, 4 stalked ; 5 obsolescent from just 
below middle of discocellulars ; 6, 7 stalked ; 8 anastomosing with the cell to 
middle. 

3880. Lophotarsia ochroprocta. 

Lopliotarsia ochroprocta, Hmosn. Ann. S. Afr. Mus. ii. p. 299 (1902). 

(S . Head rufous with deeper rufous bars above frons and 
between antennae ; thorax grey tinged with rufous, the tegulse with 
rufous medial line defined by pale yellow in front ; legs suffused 
with brown and rufous ; abdomen grey, the anal tuft and ventral 
surface pale yellow suffused with rufous. Fore wing grey suffused 
with fuscous, the inner area from before middle and the postmedial 
area except at costa tinged with ochreous and rufous, the veins 
beyond the cell slightly streaked with rufous ; a black-brown 
subbasal line straight and erect from costa to vein 1, then bent 
outwards and diffused ; traces of a diffused dark antemedial line ; 
orbicular with faint diffused dark outline, round, a grey-white 




Fig. 70. — Lophotarsia ochroprocta, (^ . \. 

patch beyond it before the reniform which has its centre defined by 
black and pale grey annulus defined by diffused fuscous ; postmedial 
line represented by a series of black striae and points, strongly bent 
outwards below costa, excurved to vein 4, then incurved, some 
faint grey points beyond it on costa ; subterminal line only defined 
by the contrast between the rufous and grey areas, incurved below 
vein 3 and bent outwards to tornus ; a terminal series of blackish 
points ; cilia mixed with rufous at tips. Hind wing pure white, 
the termen and cilia at apes suffused with fuscous brown ; the 
underside with the costal area slightly irrorated with brown, a slight 
postmedial line bent outwards below costa and ending at vein 7, 
some points on termen from apex to vein 4. 

Hah. Tkansvaal, White E. {Cooke), i S ', Natal, Estcourt 
Hutchinson), 1 S type. Exp. 34-38 millim. 



STAtTEOPIDES. 269 

Genus STAUROPIDES, nov. 

Type, S. superha. 

Proboscis fullj developed ; palpi porrect., moderately scaled and extending to 
just beyond the frons, which has a large truncate conical prominence with raised 
edges and a corneous plate below it, the vertex of head with slight ridge ; 
eyes large, round ; antenna of male bipectinate with moderate branches to 
beyond middle, the apical part simple ; thorax clothed almost entirely with 
scales and with slight double ridge-like crest; tibia fringed with long hair 
and scales; abdomen with dorsal crests on basal segments. Fore wing with 
the apex rounded, the termen evenly curved and hardly creuulate ; veins 3 and 
5 from near angle of cell ; 6 from upper angle ; 9 from 10 anastomosing with 
8 to form a small areole ; 11 from cell. Hind wing with veins 3, 4 from angle 
of cell ; 5 obsolescent from middle of discocellulars ; 6, 7 from upper angle ; 
8 anastomosing with the cell near base only. 

Sect. I. Antennas of female bipectinate with short branches to beyond middle, 
the apical part simple. 

3881. Stauropides superba. 

Antachara superha, Druce, A. M. N. H. (6) xiii. p, 361 (1894), (^ . 

Head and thorax pale blue-green ; palpi ochreous tinged w'lVa. 
rufous ; frons with lateral red-brown bars ; pectus and legs ochreous 
tinged with rufous, the tibiae pale green on outer side, the tarsi 
dark brown ringed with white ; abdomen pale greenish tinged with 
rufous in parts. Fore wing pale blue-green ; a very oblique sinuous 
black streak from base of costa to subcostal nervure ; antemedial 
line represented by a dark point on costa ; orbicular with faint 
white annulus defined by black on outer side, a black and white bar 
below it from cell to submedian fold, a rufous band beyond them 




from costa to submedian fold with waved inner edge towards costa 
and below vein 5 confluent with the rufous terminal area ; I'eniform 
greyish defined by black, narrow, very oblique and produced at 
lower extremity, obsolescent above ; postmedial line almost obsolete 
towards costa, strongly bent outwards below costa, then sinuous, 
incurved at discal fold, very oblique below vein 4, angled inwards 
in submedian fold and connected by a black streak with the medial 
bar, then obsolete ; subterminal line indistinct, waved, oblique from 
vein 4 to below 2 and with green patch beyond it, then erect ; a 
series of black striae just before termen ; cilia brown with a pale 
line at base. Hind wing white, the apical area and termen tinged 



270 



NOCTUID.??. 



with brown ; a waved dark terminal line ; cilia oclireoiis white with 
a brown line through them and brown tips ; the underside with the 
costa and terminal area irrorated with brown. 

Hah. EcuADOK, Sarayacu {Buckley), type t S in Coll. Druce ; 
Peru (Simons), 1 $ . Exj). 58 millim. 

Sect. II. Antennse of female almost simple. 

3882. Stauropides persimilis, n. n. 

Antachara superba, Druce, A. M. N. H. (G) xiii. p. 361 (1894), $ ; id. 
Biol. Centr.-Am., Het. ii. p. 484, pi. 94. f. 6. 

Head and thorax whitish tinged with pale blue-green, the edges 
of tegulte and patagia and the metathorax with some rufous and a 
few black scales ; i)alpi ochreous white, blackish above ; pectus and 
legs ochreous white slightly tinged with rufous ; abdomen ochreous 
white slightly irrorated with dark brown and with the crests on 
basal segments rufous. Fore wing very pale blue-green ; a very 
oblique black streak from base of costa to median nervure and 
another on and above inner margin before the antemedial line which 
is represented by black points on costa, median nervure, and vein 1 ; 
orbicular with very faint white annulus except on outer side where 
it is defined bv black and with a white and black bar below it from 




Fig. 72. — Stauropides persimilis, J. \. 



cell to submedian fold, a rufous band beyond them from costa to 
submedian fold, with waved inner edge towards costa and below 
vein 5 confluent with the rufous terminal area ; reniform rufous 
defined by black on inner side, undefined on outer; a blackish fascia 
below vein 2 from the medial line to termen ; postmedial line 
represented by a brown striga from costa, then almost obsolete to 
vein 6, indistinct and dentate to submedian fold, then almost obsolete ; 
an oblique dark streak from termen below vein 4 to vein 2 with 
pale green patch beyond it ; a series of dark strife just before 
termen. Hind wing semihy aline white, the termen irrorated with 
red-brown ; the underside with the costa and termen slightly 
irrorated with red-brown. 

ITah. Costa Rica, Santa Clara (ZvrcJier), 1 5 , Godman-Salvin 
Coll.; Tkinidad (/m^/e), 1 c? • Ea-p. c? 46, 5 58 millim. 



XYLOMTGES. 271 

Genus XYLOMYGES. 

Type. 

Xylomyges, Giien. Noct. i. p. 147 (1852) eridania. 

Proboscis fully developed ; palpi upturned, the 2nd joint reaching about to 
middle of frons and moderately fringed with hair, the 3rd short; frons smooth 
and smoothly scaled, with a slight corneous plate below it ; eyes large, round ; 
antennas of male ciliated ; thorax clothed chiefly with scales and with double 
ridge-like dorsal crest ; tibite fringed with rather long hair ; abdomen with 
dorsal crests on basal segments. Fore wing with the apex rounded, the termen 
evenly curved, crenulate ; veins 3 and 5 from near angle of cell ; 6 from upper 
angle; 9 from 10 anastomosing with 8 to form the areole ; 11 from cell. 
Hind wing with veins 3, 4 from angle of cell ; 5 obsolescent from middle of 
discocellulars ; 6, 7 from upper angle ; 8 anastomosing with the cell near base 
only. 

A. Fore wing with the eubterminal line oblique from termen 

below vein 4 to postraedial line at submedian fold. 

a. Fore wing prominently streaked with brown, the oblique 
part of subterminal line below vein 4 defined by white 
tjelow eridania. 

h. Fore wing much more uniform in colour, the oblique part 
of subterminal line below vein 4 not defined by white 
below peruviana. 

B. Fore wing with the subterminal line much less oblique 

between veins 4 and 2 and well separated from termen and 
postmedial line oclirea.. 

C. Fore wing with the subterminal line oblique from termen at 

vein 4 to submedian fold and dentate on veins 3 and 2 sunia. 



3883. Xylomyges eridania. 

Nocttia eridania.. Cram. Pap. Exot. iv. p. 133, pi. 358. ff". E, F (1782) ; 

Snell. Tijd. v. Ent. xxx. p. 36, pi. 3. ff". 2, 'la ; Smith, Cat. Noct. N.Am. 

p. 169. 
NocttM linea, Fabr. Ent. Syst. 3. 2. p. 106 (1794). 

Phalmna phytokwccE. Smith & Abbot, Ins. Georgia, ii. p. 193, pi. 97 (1797). 
Xylomyges lyutrida, Guen. Noct. i. p. 148 (1852). 
Xylomyges, amygia, Guen. Noct. i. p. 149 (1852). 
Leiocania externa, Wlk. ix. 114 (1856). 
Xylina inquieta, Wlk. xi. 632 (1857). 
Xi/lina bipuncta.ta, Wlk. xi. (■)29 (1857). 
Frodenia strigifera, Wlk. xv. 1678 (\QbS). 
Actinotia d.erupta, Morr. Proc. Ac. Nat. Sci. Phil. 1875, p. 62. 
Frodenia ignohilis, Butl. P. Z. S. 1878, p. 485. 
Letwania nigrofascia, Hulst, Bull. Brooklyn, Ent. Soc. iii. p. 77 (1881), &iv. 

p. 7, pi. 1. f.' 9. 
Callierges ?'eco»fZ?Vff, Mo.schl, A\)\^. Senck. Ges. xvi. p. 140(1890). 
Laphygma orbicularis, Druce, Biol. Centr.-Am., Het. i. p. 267 (nee Wlk.). 

Head, thorax, and abdomen ochreous tinged with rufous ; palpi 
white in front and with brown and rufous marks at side of 2nd 
joint; tarsi brownish ringed with white. Fore wing ochreous 
white tinged with rufous and sparsely irrorated with black 
especially on inner area, the veins of terminal area slightly streaked 
with black ; a slight oblique blackish streak above inner margin 
before the antemedial line, which is represented by a black point 



272 



NOCTUIB^. 



below costa and indistinct oblique dentate line from snbmedian fold 
to inner margin ; orbicular represented by a minute very indistinct 
dark mark, the reniform by a small greyish mark with two blackisli 
points on inner side and one on outer ; a faint oblique medial shade 
from costa to reniform and traces of a waved line from submedian 
fold to inner margin ; postmedial line double and filled in with 
whitish towards costa, strongly bent outwards below costa, then 
represented by double black points on the veins, incurved below 
vein 4 and with waved whitish line below vein 2, some whitish 
points with slight rufous streaks between them beyond it on costa ; 
postmedial line very indistinct and whitish from costa to below 




Fig. 73. — Xylomyges eridania, (5 . 



vein 4 where it is angled outwards to termen, angled outwards 
above veins 7, 6 and with slight rufous streak before it above 
vein 7, below vein 4 running inwards as an oblique yellowish-white 
streak defined by rufous above to near postmedial line at vein 2 ; 
a terminal series of black points ; cilia rufous intersected with 
white. Hind wing pure semihyaline white, the inner margin and 
veins towards apex faintly tinged with ochreous ; the underside 
with slight black irroration on apical part of costal area and some 
black points on termen towards apex. 

Ab. 1. externa. Fore wing with broad black fascia from reni- 
form to termen. 

Hah. U.S.A., Georgia, Florida, Texas, 2 J , 1 $ ; Mexico, Jalapa 
(Tmjillo), 3 c? , Cordova (Rumeli), 1 c? , I^fis Vigas (Hoec/e), 1 j , 
Teapa (B. H. ISmith), 1 c? , 1 $ ; Guatemala, Las Mercedes 
(Champion), 1 d , Pantaleon {Champion), 1 c? ; CosxA Etca, Irazu 
{Rogers), 1 $ , CandalariaMts. {Underivood), 1 S ; Pai^ama, Chiriqui 
(Champion), 1 S ■, Bugaba {Champion), 1 S , Godmau-Salvin Coll. ; 
Jamaica (Soyjm^//), 1 S type ignohilts, Moneague {Wahingham), 
1 S , Castleton {Kaye), 1 c? ; Cuba, Santiago {Sclums), 3 S; Haiti 
(TiveecUe), 1 2; Poeto Rico; Guadeloupe; St. Vincent {H. II. 
Smith), 4 c? ; Trinidad, Cuparo {Kaye), 1 c? : Surinam ; Brazil, 
typetc? bipvnctatain Mus. Oxon., Amazons, Ega {Bates), 1 S type 
strigifera, R. Javary {Trail), 1 S, Nen Friburg, Kio Janeiro 
(Wihon),l c? , 1 5 ; Paraguay, Sapucay(Fos^f r), 4 S '■, Argentina, 
Gran Chaco, Florenzia {Wagner), 1 S ; Hab. ign., 2 S types 
externa and inquieta. Exp. ;^2-38 millim. 

Larva. Head small, red-browU; a pale V-mark over clypeus. 



XYLOMYGKS. 273' 

Body rohiisf, joints o and 12 eulargerl ; dark grey finely dotted with 
yellowish ; dorsal line narrow, reddish ; subdorsal broader, with a 
series of angular black marks above it ; upper half of lateral space 
paler than the lower, a dark patch on joint 5 ; substigmatal band 
yellowish, dark-centered, obsolete on thorax ; cervical shield dark. 
Food-plants : Various. — H. G. D. 



3884. Xylomyges peruviana. (Plate CXXVIII. fig. 31.) 

Lafhygma 'peruviana, Wlk. xxxii. 650 (1865). 

Laphygma commwnicata, Wlk. Char. Uiidescr. Plet. p. 3] (1SG9). 

Head and thorax white suffused with pale rufous ; palpi with 
rufous marks at sides on 1st and 2nd joints ; tegulae with slight 
whitish medial line ; tarsi brown ringed with white ; abdomen 
ochreous tinged with brown. Fore wing ochreous faintly tinged 
with rufous and slightly irrorated with black except towards base ; 
faint traces of an oblique rufous streak above inner margin before 
the hardly traceable oblique waved antemedial line ; orbicular 
represented by a minute dark point, the reniform by a very faint 
greyish mark at upper angle of cell slightly defined by blackish on 
inner side ; postmedial line hardly traceable, strongly bent outwards 
below costa, then represented bj^ slight black points on the veins, 
incurved below vein 3 ; subterminal line represented by traces of 
an oblique pale streak from termen below vein 4 to vein 2 slightly 
defined by rufous above. Hind wing semihyaline white ; the 
underside with the apex slightly irrorated with brown. 

Uah. Peku, 3 (5,4 $ , type and type corHmM?i?'c«te. Ex'p. 30-40 
millim. 



3885. Xylomyges oclirea, n. sp. (Plate CXXIX. fig. 1.) 

S . Head and thorax ochreous slightly irrorated with pale 
brown ; palpi with slight brown mark at side of 2nd joint ; 
abdomen white, the crests and anal tuft ochreous. Fore wing 
ochreous faintly tinged with rufous and irrorated with a few 
blackish scales, the base of inner margin, end of cell and area jusb 
beyond upper angle rather whiter ; anteraedial line absent ; the 
orbicular represented by a faint minute dark mark, the reniform by 
a faint small dark spot ; postmedial line represented by faint 
minute dark points on veins 6 to 2 ; traces of oblique whitish 
streaks from tei-men below apex and vein 4 to the postmedial line ; 
a terminal series of black points ; cilia yellowish with a slight 
rufous line through them. Hind wing hyaline white ; the underside 
with a few blackish scales on apical half of costal area and some 
black points on termen towards apex. 

Hah. Peru, Callao (J. J. Walker), 2 ^ type, E.rp. 36 millim. 



274 NOCTTJID^. 

3886. Xylomyges sunia. (Plate CXXIX. fig. 2.) 

Xylomyqes sunia, Guen. Noct. i. p. 149 (1852). 

Xylina'albula, Wlk. xi. 629 (1857). 

Laphygma orbicularis, Wlk. xi. 719. 

Laphygma caudata, Wlk. Char. Lep. Het. p. 32 (1869). 

Head, thorax, and abdomen pale oehreous slightly tinged with 
rufous ; palpi with slight brown marks at sides of 2i)d joint. JFore 
wing oehreous white faintly tinged with rufous and irrorated with 
a few dark scales ; a black streak below base of cell ; very faint 
traces of an oblique waved antemedial line ; orbicular represented 
by a few black scales, the reniform by a small greyish mark with 
some black scales at sides ; postmedial line very indistinct, whitish, 
bent outwards below costa, then with black points on the veins, 
oblique below vein 4, some faint whitish points beyond it on costa ; 
a faint oblique whitish streak from termen below apex ; three 
slight oblique white streaks in echelon from termen below vein 4 
to submedian fold near postmedial line slightly defined by brown 
above ; a slight fuscous mark on inner margin before tornus ; a 
terminal series of black points ; cilia chequered white and brownish 
with slight brownish lunules at tips. Hind wing pure semi- 
hyaline white ; the underside with the costal area irrorated with a 
few black scales towards apex, a terminal series of black points 
from apex to vein 2. 

Ab. 1. orhiculavis. Pore wing with the reniform prominent, 
black. 

Bab. Honduras (i)^5on), 1 J; Jamaica. (CocJcereU^ Eai/e), 2 §; 
Haiti (Tweedie), 4 c? , types cdbula and orbiadaris ; St. Thomas ; 
Dominica (Elliott), 1 ^ ; Geenada (ff, H. Smiih), 1 c5' , 1 2 : Bar- 
bados {Frampton), 1 S '■> Argentina, Gran Chaco, Florenzia 
{Wagner), 2 J, 2 $ . Hab. ign., 2 J type caudata. Exp. 32-36 
millim. 



Genus ANTHA. 

Type, 

AntJia, Stand. Eom. Mem. vi. p. 448 (1892) grata. 

Proboscis fully developed ; palpi xiptorned, the 2ud joint not reaching vertex 
of head and smoothly scaled, the 3vd rather long ; frons oblique, produced to 
a transverse ridge above ; eyes large, rounded ; antennae of male minutely 
ciliated, a ridge of scales between antennse ; thorax clothed chiefly with scales, 
the prothorax with divided crest, the metathorax with slight crest; tibite 
moderately fringed with hair ; abdomen long with small dorsal crests on basal 
segments. Fore wing with the costa nearly straight, the apex rectangular, tlie 
termen oblique below vein 4, the inner mai-gin lobed near base ; Teins 3 and 5 
from near angle of cell ; 6 from upper angle ; 9 from 10 anastomosing with 8 
to form the areole ; 11 from cell. Hind wing with veins 3, 4 from angle of 
cell ; 5 obsolescent from just below middle of discocellulars ; 6,7 from upper 
angle ; 8 anastomosing with the cell near base only. 



275 



3887. Antha grata. 



Leptina grata, Butl. Trans. Eiit. Soc. 1881, p. 172 ; Hiiipsn. Moths Ind, 

li. p. 237; Stand. Cat. Lep. pal. p. 183. 
Antha pretiosa, Staud. Rom. Mem. vi. p. 448, pi. 7. f. 6(1892). 

Head and thorax rufous mixed with whitish ; palpi white in 
front, red-brown at sides ; tegulse brownish with white band and 
rufous tips; dorsum of thorax red-brown; pectus whitish mixed 
with browu, the tarsi dark ringed with white ; abdomen whitish 
tinged with brown, the dorsal crests dark. Fore wing ochreous 
tinged with rufous, some pale pink suffusion in submedian inter- 
space and below base of costa ; a black-brown fascia on inner 
margin from near base ; subbasal lino represented by two slight 
oblieiue striaj from costa, the antemedial line by an oblique striga 
from costa, then by some points, a faint tooth in submedian interspace 
and a very elongate tooth above inner margin defined by white on 




Fig. 74. — Aiitlia grata, S ■ \- 

inner side ; claviform very faintly defined by brown, narrow, acute 
at extremity ; orbicular and reniform with pale pink annuli, the former 
with rufous centre, elongate, narrow, and slightly oblique, the latter 
constricted at middle, with pink centre defined by an irregular 
rufous line ; a blackish patch on middle of costa ; postmedial line 
dark brown defined on outer side by pinkish white on costa and 
below middle, strongly bent outwards below costa, then dentate, 
excurved to vein 4, then oblique, some white points bevond it on 
costa ; a curved diffused pinkish subterminal band, slightly defined 
by red-brown on inner side except towards inner margin and crossed 
by dark streaks towards apex ; the terminal area dark red-brown 
with blackish spots and a fine white line before the dark terminal 
line, the extremity of vein 1 defined by fine white streaks with 
black streaks above and below them and a white bar from their 
inner extremity to inner margin ; cilia whitish with a waved dark 
line through them. Hind wing ochreous white suffused with brown 
especially on terminal area, a series of white striae just before 
termen ; cilia ochreous with a slight brown line through them ; the 
\inderside with the costal and terminal areas broadly irrorated with 
brown, the former tinged with red, a small discoidal lunule and 
indistinct waved sinuous postmedial line. 

Hah. E. Siberia, Ussuri ; Japan, Tokio {Marieii), 2 $ type, 
Oiwake (Pryer), 2 J, 4 $; Corea, Gensan (Leech), l' d ; 
W. China, Kwei-chow, 1 $ ; Assam, Naga Hills. Exp. 36-44 
millim. 

t2 



276 NOCTtriD^. 

Genus ACRORIA. 

i ype. 

. Acroria, Wlk.xy. 17 SO (185S) Urens. 

Ant achar a, Wl'k. xv. 1740 (1858) dimi?mia. 

yW«6ama, Moscbl. Abh. Senck. G-es. xir. p. 43 (1888) ie7'ens. 

Proboscis fully deTeloped ; palpi upturned, the 2nd joint reaching about 
to middle of frons and moderately scaled, the 3rd rather long; frons smooth, 
almost naked ; eyes large, round ; anteimse of male ciliated ; thorax clothed 
chiefly with scales and with double ridge-like crest; tibi^B moderately fringed 
with hair ; abdomen with dorsal crests on basal segments. Fore wing with 
the apex rounded, the termen crenulate, excised towards tornus ; veins 3 and 5 
from near angle of cell ; 6 from upper angle ; 9 from 10 anastomosing with 8 
to form the areole ; 11 from cell. Hind wing with veins 3, 4 from angle of 
cell ; 5 obsolescent from below middle of diseocellulars ; 6 , 7 from upper angle ; 
8 anastomosing with the cell near base only. 

A. Fore wing with well-developed claviform connected by a streak 

with postmedial line tcvens. 

E. Fore wing with the claviform absent. 

a. Underside of fore wing ot male thickly clothed with down- 
turned brown scales denterna. 

h. Underside of fore wing smoothly scaled. 

«\ Fore wing with wedge-shaped ocbreous mark beyond 
subterminal line in submedian interspace extending to 

termen onexicana. 

b^. Fore wing with oblique ochreous striga on subterminal line 

in submedian interspace diminuta. 

8888, Acroria terens. 

Hadena terens, Wlk. xi. 686 (1857). 
Xylina infensa, Wlk. xi. pp. ()28, 761 (1857). 
Acroria villipes, Wlk. xv. 1730 (1858). 

Alabama jmlclira, Mosch. Abb. Senck. Ges. xiv. p. 44, pi. f, 27 (1888). 
Dargida nijihanda, Druce, Biol. Centr.-Am., Het. i. p. 270, pi. 26. f. 14 
(1889), &ii. p. 476. 

Head and thorax red-brown slightly tinged with fuscoua ; palpi in 
front and lower part of frons paler ; tegulse with black medial line ; 
patagia with black streak near upper edge ; tarsi banded with 
black ; abdomen greyish suffused with reddish brown and fuscous. 
Fore wing red-brown slightly suffused with fuscous, the veins 
with slight dark streaks ; subbasal line represented by slight 
double dark striae from costa and single striga from cell ; a black 
streak above inner margin before the antemedial line, which is 
double at costa, then oblique, sinuous, acutely angled outwards 
above inner margin ; claviform defined by black, extending to cell, 
acute at extremity and with black streak from it to postmedial 
line ; orbicular and reniform defined by black, the former round, 
the latter large, rotmded, its outer edge excised and with two 
pale spots on it, its centre darker ; a diffused oblique striga 
from middle of costa to reniform ; postmedial line indistinctly 
double, bent outwards below costa, then waved, excurved to 
vein 5, then oblique, some pale points beyond it on costa; an 
indistinct pale subterminal line, angled outwards at vein 7, 



ACEOPvIA. 277 

excurved at middle and angled inwards at discal and submedian 
folds, crossed by black streaks from well before it to termen above 
vein 3 and below 2 ; a fine waved black terminal line with minute 
whitish points at the veins ; cilia red-brown, with line pale line 
at base. Hind wing pure white, the veins tinged with brown ; 
the costa towards apex and the termeu to vein 2 suffused with 
brown ; cilia white chequered with brown from apex to vein 2 ; 



#?^CS^ 



Fig. 75. — Acroria terens, (^ . \. 

the underside with the costal area and termen to vein 2 tinged 
and irrorated with red-brown. 

Bab. Mexico, Jalapa (Trujillo), 1 5 > Vera Cruz {H. H. Smith), 
1 2 'i GrTJATEMALA {Bodriguez), 1 cT , Volcan de Atitlan ( Champion), 
1 $; Costa Rica, Candalaria Mts. (Underujood), 1 $; Panama, 
Chiriqni ( Champion), 1 $ tj'^pe niphanda, Godmau-Salvin Coll. ; 
Jamaica, Cinchona (Faivcett), 1 $ ; Guadaloupe, 1 § ; Geenada 
{H. H. Smith), 5 c?, 1 $; Venezuela {Dyson), 1 $ type and 
type infensa ; Brazil, Ui'gan Mts., Tijuca ( Waijnei-), 1 5 • 
Kvp. 28-34 millim. 





3889. Acroria denterna. (Plate CXXIX fig. 3.) 
Ayiophasia cleiUerna, Guen. Noct. i. p. 140 (1852). 

Head and tegulse ochreous mixed with rufous ; frons with rufous 
bar ; tegulse with rufous lines near base, at middle and at tips ; 
thorax ochreous slightly mixed with brown and with dark brown 
dorsal fascia ; pectus and legs ochreous, the fore legs with brown 
mixed, the tarsi slightly banded with brown ; abdomen ochreous 
suiiused with dark brown except at base, the crests dark brown, 
the anal tuft suffused with rufous above. Fore wing pale ochreous 
with slight olive-brown streaks in the interspaces ; a purplish 
brown fascia on inner margin from before middle, where it narrows 
to a point, to termen where it expands to submedian fohl, a slight 
black streak on it on medial area above inner margin ; subbasal 
and autemedial lines represented by double brown striae from 
costa ; orbicular very small, round, with faint pale annulus ; 
reniform with pale annulus, its centre faintly defined by brown, 
somewhat constricted at middle ; postmedial line with double 
brown strife from costa, bent outwards below costa, then almost, 
obsolete, dentate and produced to black points on the veins, incurved 
below vein 4, distinct and defined by whitish on outer side below 



278 NOCTTJID.n;. 

vein 1, some black-brown strife beyond it from costa ; an oblique 
brown shade from termen below apex followed by traces of a 
subterminal line which between vein 3 and submedian fold is 
distinct, whitish, oblique, irregiilar and defined by brown suffusion 
before and beyond it, with slight black streaks from it to termen 
above and below submedian fold ; some dark points on middle 
of termen ; cilia chequered ochreous and brownish. Hind wing 
ochreous white, the costal and terminal areas tinged with brown ; 
cilia white tinged with brown in parts. Underside of fore wing 
with the cell clothed with downturned brown hair, a diffused pale 
mark at upper angle of cell, the area beyond the cell rufous ; hind 
Aving with the costal area irrorated with red-brown, traces of a 
curved postmedial line from costa to vein 4. 

Hah. Brazil, Organ Mts., Tijuca {Wagner), 1 5, E,io Janeiro 
(Wilson), 1 (S ; Pakagtjay, Sapucay {Poster), 1 J. i/V/j. 40— i2 
millim. 



3890, Acroria mexicana, n. sp. (Plate CXXIX, fig. 4.) 

Xylophasia denterna, Driice, Biol. Centr.-Am., Het. i. p. 266 (part.), nee 
Guen. 

S . Head and tegulse ochreous mixed with rufous ; frons with 
brown bar ; tegulse with brown medial line ; thorax ochreous 
with diffused rufous dorsal fascia; pectus and legs ochreous tinged 
with rufous ; abdomen ochreous tinged with rufous, the crests 
red-brown. Pore wing pale ochreous slightly tinged with rufous ; 
a brown fascia on inner margin from near base where it narrows 
to a point, to termen where it e:spands to submedian fold with a 
slight blackish streak on it on medial area above inner margin ; 
subbasal and antemedial lines represented by faint double brown 
striae from costa ; orbicular and reniform indistinct, pale, the 
former round, the latter rather quadrate ; postmedial line double 
towards costa, bent outwards below costa, then almost obsolete, 
dentate and produced to black points on the veins, incurved below 
vein 4 and below vein 1 double filled in with whitish, some dark 
striae beyond it from costa ; an oblique red-brown shade from 
termen below apex ; an oblique whitish streak from termen at 
vein 2 to postmedial line at vein 1, defined by dark brown above 
and with a slight streak from it to termen below submedian fold ; 
some dark points on middle of termen ; cilia chequered red-brown 
and ochreous, below vein 3 dark brown with a pale line at base. 
Hind wing semihyaline white, the apical area and inner margin 
tinged with brown ; a series of slight brown terminal lunules from 
apex to vein 2; cilia white with some brown points; the underside 
with the costal area slightly tinged with rufous. 

Hah. Mexico, Jaiapa {Trvjillo), 2 c? type, Godman-Salvin Coll. 
Exi^. 36 millim. 



ACROEIA. — ACEORIODES. 279 

3891. Acroria diminuta. (Plate CXXIX. fig. 5.) 

Xylophasia diminuta, Guen. Noct. i. p. 141 (1852). 
Antachara rotundata, Wlk. xv. 1741 (1858). 
Liiphygma lignigera, Wlk. xxxii. 650 (18(35). 

Xylophasia denterna, Druce, iiiol. Ceutr.-Am., Het. i. p. 266 (part.), nee 
Guen. 

Head and tegulae ochreous mixed with rufous ; palpi with blackish 
rings at extremities of 2nd and 3rd joints ; Irons with brown bar; 
tegulae with brown medial line ; thorax whitish, the patagia tinged 
with rutous at base ; pectus and legs ochreous tinged with rufous, 
the tarsi banded with brown ; abdomen ochreous slightly tinged 
with brown. Fore wing pale ochreous tinged with rufous in 
parts ; a brownish fascia on inner margin from near base where 
it narrows to a point, to termen where it exj)ands to submediau 
fold, a slight black streak on it on medial area above inner margin ; 
subbasal and autemedial lines represented by slight double brown 
striae from costa ; orbicular obsolete ; reniform pale, somewhat 
quadrate, small; a brown striga from middle of costa ; postmedial 
line double towards costa, strongly bent outwards below costa, 
then reduced to black points on the veins, incurved below vein 4, 
below vein 1 double tilled in with whitish, some dark striae beyond 
it from costa ; an oblique rufous shade from termen below apex ; 
a whitish subterminal line below vein 2, oblique to vein 1 and 
defined by red-brown before and beyond it, then excurved ; some 
dark points on middle of termen ; cilia ochreous and rufous at 
middle, dark brown towards apex and tornus. Hind wing semi- 
h\ aline white, the costa towards apex tinged with brown ; a 
terminal series of dark striae ; cilia white, chequered with brown 
from apex to vein 2 ; the underside with the costal area tinged 
with rufous and irrorated with brown. 

Hah. Mexico, Atoyac {H. H. Smith), 1 $ ; Guatemala, Volcan 
d'Atitlan (Champion), 1 2,- Costa Riga, Candelaria Mta. {Under- 
ivood), 1 5; Panama, Chiriqui {Champion), Id, 1 $, Godman- 
ISalvia Coll.; Haiti {Tiueedie), 1 d , 1 $ , types rotundata and 
liijnigera ; St. Lttcia (Cowie), 1 $; Dominica (Elliott), i d ; 
ISt. Vincent (H. M. Smith), L cJ ; I^bazil, Pernambuco (Ridlcij), 
1 $ , Puo Janeiro ( Wilson), 1 J , Sao Paulo (D. Jones), 1 (5,1 ^ • 
Exp. 28-34 millim. 

Genus ACRORIODES, nov. 

Type, A. diploloplia. 

Proboscis fully developed ; palpi upturned, the 2nd joint reaching to vertex 
of head, the 3rd rather long ; Irons smooth ; eyes large, round ; antenna of 
male laminate ; thoi-ax clothed with hair and hair-like scales, the prothorax 
with long spreading crest, the mesothorax with small paired crests, the 
juetathorax with large rounded crest ; tibije fringed witii long hair ; abdomen 
with series of dorsal crests, the basal crest very large and double. Fore wing 
with the apex rather produced and acute, the termen evenly curved, crenulate; 
veins 3 and b i'rora near angle of cell ; 6 from upper angle ; 9 from lU 
anastomosing with 8 to form the areole ; 11 from cell. Hind wing witJi 
veins 3, 4 from angle of cell ; 5 obsolescent from middle of discocellulai's ; 
6, 7 from upper angle ; 8 anastomosing with the cell near base only. 



280 



KOCTTJID.'E. 



3892. Acroriodes diplolopha. 

Acroriodes diplolopha, Druce, A.M.N.H. (8) i. p. 303 (1008). 

Head and thorax bright rufous mixed -with some chestnut- 
brown ; palpi and vertex of head deep chestnut-brown ; tegulaj 
black at base and with two slight medial lines ; metathoracie crest 
blackish ; tarsi brown ringed with yellowish white ; abdomen 
ochreous, the crests rufous, black at tips, the terminal segments 
with dorsal and lateral black spots. Fore wing deep rufous to 
postmedial line, the veins with slight pale streaks, the terminal 
area greyish ochreous with blackish patch on costa running 
obliquely from apex, with black streaks on it on the veins and 
in interspaces ; subbasal line very faint, dentate, from costa to 
submediau fold, with a black point beyond it in cell ; anteraedial 
line indistinct, double, rufous filled in with ochreous, very strongly 
dentate, bent inwards to inner margin towards which it is defined 
by black on inner side and with slight black streak beyond it on 
the margin ; claviform and orbicular absent ; reniform with 
ochreous white annulus, narrow, constricted at middle and angled 
inwards on median nervure ; postmedial line double, blackish 
filled in with greyish and with ochreous below vein 2, bent 
outwards below costa, then dentate and produced to black points 
on the veins, doubly angled inwards at discal fold and oblique 




Fig. 76. — Acroriodes diplolopha, S • t- 

below vein 4, some grey points beyond it on costa ; subterminal 
line ochreous with minute black streaks before it at middle, very 
minutely dentate towards costa ; a fine rufous terminal line ; cilia 
greyish mixed with rufous and with waved whitish line at middle 
and blackish points at tips. Hind wing yellowish Avhite, the 
terminal area broadly black-brown to submedian fold, the tornal 
area tinged with rufous and with three small black spots towards 
extremity of vein 1 and on cilia ; a small blackish discoidal lunule ; 
postmedial line oblique to vein 4, then sinuous ; a fine red-brown 
terminal line ; cilia reddish ochreous with slight dark spot at 
extremity of vein 2 ; the underside yellowish white, the costal 
area slightly tinged with rulbus and irrorated with black, the 
terminal area suft'used with black except at tornus, a diffused dark 
bar from middle of costa, black discoidal spot, minutely dentate 
postmedial line, and terminal series of black points from apex to 
vein 2 defined by ochreous white lunules. 



ACKORIODE?. PAEACEOEIA. 281 

Ah. 1. Head, thorax, and basal half of fore wing with the • 
ground-colour pale ochreous, 

Ab. 2. Fore wing with black fascia above and below median 
nervure and sinuous black streak above vein 1 between ante- and 
postmedial lines. 

Ab. 3. Fore wing suffused with black to subterrainal line, the 
inner area rufous, tlie costal area pale ochreous to postmedial line. 

Hah. Peru, Carabaya, Onconeque {Ockenden), 1 cJ , 1 $ , Quinton. 
Exjj. 40 millim. Type t in Coll. Druce. 

Genus PAEACROEIA, nov. 

Type, P. grheocincta. 

Proboscis fully developed; palpi upturned, the 2ncl joint i-eaching to 
about middle of frons and moderately scaled, the 3rd short; frons with large 
corneous prominence -witli raised edges ; eyes large, round ; antenna; of 
female somewhat laminate and almost simple; thorax clothed almost entirely 
with scales and with broad dorsal ridge of rough scales ; tibice moderately 
fringed with hair ; abdomen without crests. JFore wing with the a])ex 
rounded, the termen evenly curved, crenulate, the inner margin with scale- 
tooth at middle; veins 3 and 5 from near angle of cell ; 6 from upper angle ; 
9 from 10 anastomosing with 8 to form the areole ; 11 from cell. Hind 
wing with veins 3, 4 from angle of cell; 5 obsolescent from well below middle 
of discocellulars ; 6, 7 from upper angle; 8 anastomosing with the cell near 
base only. 

3893. Paracroria griseocincta. 

Xanlliopiera griseocincfa, Hmpsn. Ann. S. Afr. Mus. ii. p. 396(1902). 

5 . Head and thorax ochreous tinged with rufous, the latter 
with grey dorsal fascia, the tegulae and patagia above edged with 
rufous ; abdomen ochreous. Fore wdng ochreous tinged with rufous, 
the basal area somewhat browner, the terminal area grey ; subbasal 
line represented by a curved rufous striga from costa ; antemedial 
line rufous, strongh' excurved below costa and in suhmedian inter- 
space, incurved in cell ; orbicular and reniform with faint palo 




Fig. 77. — Faracroria griseocioicta, $. '. 

annuli, the former minute, round, the latter constricted at middle ; 
postmedial line indistinct, double, rutous, minutely waved and 
very strongly excurved, followed by a hardly waved blackish line, 
then by a rufous line before the grey terminal area which has 
traces of a very faintly waved curved brownish subterminal line 
on it ; a line waved black terminal line; cilia grey with a dark 
line near tips. Hind wing ochreous tinged with red-brown 



282 



NOCTUID.'E. 



e>pecia]]y on terminal area ; a fine waved brown terminal line ; 
cilia ochreous white with a few brown scales; the underside 
ochreous white slightlj^ irrorated with brown, the costal area 
tinged wath red before apes, a slight discoidal stigma and terminal 
series of points. 

Hah. Eechuanaland, I^'Gami (Lugard), 1 5 type. Exp. 
30 millim. 

Genus THYATIRODES, nov. 

Type, T. godahna. 

Proboscis fully developed ; palpi obliquely upturned, the 2nd joint reaching 
about to middle of fi'ons aud moderately fringed with hair in front, the 3rd 
moderate, porrect ; frons with lai'ge rounded promirence with short elliptical 
corneous process at middle with raised edges and corneous plate below it ; 
eyes large, round; antennae of male laminate and almost simple; thorax 
clothed wit ii scales and hair mixed and with broad dorsal ridge of erect scales; 
tibite moderately fringed with hair ; abdomen with some rough hair at base 
but without crests. Fore wing with the apex rounded, the termen evenly 
curved, crenulate ; veins 3 and 5 Irom near angle of cell; 6 from upper 
angle; 9 from 10 anastomosing with 8 to form the areole ; 11 from cell. 
Hind wing with veins 3, 4 from angle of cell ; 5 obsolescent from just below 
middle of discocellulars ; 6, 7 shortly stalked; 8 anastomosing with the cell 
near base only. 

3894. Thyatirodes godalma. 

Thya.tira godalma, Schaus, Trans. Am. Ent. Soc. xxx. p. 152 (1904). 

S . Head and thorax whitish mixed with pale rufous and on 
metathorax with greyish fuscous ; palpi and sides of frons dark 
brown ; pectus aud legs rufous, the throat dark brown, the tarsi 
dark brown with pale rings ; abdomen rufous, the extremity and 
ventral surface tinged with dark brown. Pore wing whitish ; the 
basal area dark brown, its outer edge nearly erect from costa to 
vein 1, tlien excurved; a large diffused rounded red-brown patch 




on medial area from cell to above inner margin, conjoined to another 
beyond the cell between veins 7 and 3 ; a small dark spot on middle 
of costa ; the outer edge of the pale medial area excurved from 
costa to vein 3 near termen, then incurved ; the terminal area 
red-brown with some whitish points on costa, an oblique whitish 
subterminal line from costa to vein 6 and waved line from vein 3 
to inner margin ; a terminal series of small blackish lunules 
defined on inner side by a waved whitish line ; cilia blackish with 
whitish lines at base and middle. Hind wing whitish tinged with 



THYATIKODES. STRIGTI'HLEBIA. 283 

red-brown ; an indistinct curved whitish subterminal line with 
some brown bej'ond it tovTards tornus ; a terminal series of blackish 
lunules ; cilia whitish mixed with brown and with brown line 
through them ; the underside whitish tinged with red-brown, a 
blackish discoidal spot. 

Hub. Mexico, Guadalajara (ScJiaus), 1 J • Kvp. 36 millim. 

Genus STRIGIPHLEBIA, nov. 

Type, S.flavirena. 

Proboscis fully developed ; palpi uptunied, the 2nd joint reaching about to 
vertex of hctid and moderately fringed with hair, the ord moderate ; frons 
smooth; eyes large, round; antetmaj of male ciliated; thorax clothed with 
sciiles and hair mixed, the pro- and metathorax with spreading crests; tibite 
moderately fringed with hair ; abdomen without crests. Fore wing with 
the apex somewhat produced and acute, the termen evenly curved and not 
crenulate ; veins 'S and 5 from near angle of cell ; 6 from upper angle ; 9 from 
10 anastomosing with 8 to form the areole ; 11 from cell. Hind wing witli 
veins 3, 4 from angle of cell ; 5 obsolescent from middle of discocellulars ; 
6, 7 from upper angle ; 8 anastomosing with the cell near base only. 

3895. Strigiplilebia flavirena, n. sp. 

Head and thorax pale ochreous yellow ; palpi blackish except 
towards tips; metathoraeic ciest large, blackish; tibiie black at 
base, the mid and hind tibite with oblique black bars at extre- 
mities and the spurs banded with black; abdomen pale ochreous 
dorsall}- sufiuised with fuscous brown. Pore wing pale ochreous 
Yellow tinged with rufous except on costal area and irrotated with 
a few black scales, the termen deep rufous ; the extremitj' of 
median nervure and veins 5, 4, 3 to subterminal line streaked with 
whitish and defined below by fine brown streaks ; subbasal line 
slight, brown, from costs to submedian fold ; antemedial line 




Fig. 79. — StrigiiMchw flavirena, t^ . \. 

represented by a brown striga from costa, black points on median 
nervure and vein 1, and rufous and black patch on inner margin ; 
orbicular absent ; reniform yellow partly defined by bright rufous 
and with bright rufous streak in discal fold from it to termen ; an 
oblique brown bar from costa to outer edge of reniform; post- 
medial line with black striga from costa, indistinct and very oblique 
to vein 7, then represented by a curved series of black points on 
the veins ; subterminal line deep rufous and rather diffused, from 
apex to toinus ; a fine black terminal line ; cilia brown with slight 
pale line at base and dark line at middle. Hind wing yellowish 



2«4 



NOCTUIDiE. 



white tinged with brown especially on the veins and terminal area, 
a brown discoidal spot ; cilia j^ellowish white with ditfused brown 
line at middle ; ttie underside yellowish white irrorated witli 
brown, a black discoidal spot, faint curved postmedial line with 
minute black streaks on the veins, and terminal series of lunules. 

Hab. !S.E. Pkku, Oroya {Ochenden), 1 c? , 1 $ type, Carabaya, 
St. Domingo. ii>_^;». 30 millim. 

Genus CENTRARTHRA., nov. 

Type, C. furcivitta. 

Proboscis fully developecl ; palpi obliquely upturned, the 2nd joint reaching 
about to middle of frons and fringed with long hair in i'ront, the 3rd i-ather 
long, porrect ; frons smooth ; eyes large, round ; antennae of female ciliated ; 
thorax roughly clothed with hair and hair-like scales, the pro- and metathorax 
with slight spreading crests ; fore tibisewith curved claw at extremity on inner 
side, the mid and hind tibise moderately fringed with hair; abdomen without 
crests. Fore wing with the apex rounded, the termen evenly curved and 
crenulate ; veins 3 and 5 from near angle of cell ; 6 from upper angle ; 9 from 
10 anastomosing with 8 to form the areole ; 1 1 from cell. Hind wing with 
veins 3, 4 from angle of cell ; 5 obsolescent from middle of discocellulars ; 
6, 7 shortly stalked ; 8 anastomosing with the cell near base only. 

3896. Centrartlira furcivitta, n. sp. 

5 . Head and thorax ochreous mixed with red-bi'own and some 
fuscous; abdomen ochreous tinged with red-brown. Fore wing 
ochreous tinged with rufous and irrorated with dark brown and 
black ; a black streak on basal half of median ncr%'ure obscurely 
forking in base of submedian fold; a faint black streak on ex- 
tremity of median nervure ; subbasal and antemedial lines repre- 
sented by a few black scales below costa ; claviform and orbicular 




Fig. 80. — Centrarihra furcivitta, $. 



absent ; reniforra represented by a very slight pale lunule obscurely 
defined by black scales ; postmedial line obsolete towards costa, 
very indistinct, minutelj^ dentate and oblique from vein 6 to inner 
margin ; faint traces of a dark subterminal line excurved at middle ; 
a terminal series of black points. Hind wing ochreous whitish 
suffused and irrorated with brown, especially on terminal area ; 
the underside whitish irrorated with brown ; a dark discoidal 
lunule and traces of a diffused postmedial line. 

Hah. Cape Coloxy, Declfontein {Sloggeti), 1 $ type. Exi^. 32 
millim. 



MIMLEUCANIA. 285 

Genus MIMLEUCANIA, nov. 

Type, M. 'perstriata. 

Proboscis iuUy developed ; palpi obliquely upturned, the 2ud joint reaching 
to about middle of Irons and moderately scaled, the 3rd short ; froas smooth 
with ridges of hair above and between antennas ; eyes large, round ; anteunje 
of male minutely serrate or laminate ; thorax smoothly clothed with hair and 
hair-like scales and without crests; tibiae moderately fringed with hair; 
abdomen with some rough hair at base but without crests. Fore wing with 
the apex rounded, the termen evenly curved and crenulate ; veins W and 5 
from near angle of cell ; 6 from upper angle; 9 froui 10 anastomosing with 8 
to form the areole ; 11 from cell. Hind wing with veins 3, 4 from angle of 
cell; 5 obsolescent from below middle of discoeellulars ; 6, 7 from upper 
angle ; 8 anastomosing with the cell near base only. 

Sect. I. Antennse of male minutely serrate. 

3897. Mimleucania leucosoma. 

Hadena leucosoma, Feld. Eeis. Nov. pi. 109. f. 31 (1874). 
Biaiithoecia graminiculenB, Butl. A. M. N. H. (5) ii. p. 295 (1878). 

Head and thorax grey-white mixed with pale brown ; palpi 
brown except at tips ; patagia slightly edged with black-brown ; 
front of pectus and legs brown, the tarsi slightly ringed with 
white ; abdomen white slightly tinged with brown. Eore wing 
reddish brown, the costal area white tinged with brown and tbe 
veins finely streaked with brown, the iamer margin whitish ; a 
large triangular white-defined antemedial mark in submedian inter- 
space, open towards base and partly defined by black streaks, a 
downcurved white streak below it above inner margin defined by 




Fig. 81 . — Mimleucania leucosoma, (^ . \. 

black streaks above and below ; an oblique white fascia in sub- 
median fold, from cell to postmedial line ; orbicular minute, round, 
white defined by black and with brown centre ; reniform oblique 
bar-shaped, with brownish centre and white annulus defined by 
black, open above, a slight white streak i'rom it to postmedial line 
below vein 5 ; postmedial line white defined on inner side by 
minute darklunules and with diff'used streaks before it in the inter- 
spaces, bent outwards and obsolete below costa, oblique to vein 5, 
then inwardly oblique and angled inwards in submedian fold, 
obsolete below vein 1, some oblique white striae beyond it from 
costa ; the interspaces of terminal area with wedge-shaped black 
marks traversed by oblique white subterminal sti'i^ from apex to 



286 NOCTUIDiE. 

vein '3, angled outwards at vein 7 and inwai'ds at vein 5 ; a ter- 
minal white band with fine dark lines just before and on termen ; 
cilia pale brown with a fine dark line through them. Hind wing 
pure white, the apex faintly tinged with brown, the veins brown ; 
a slight dark discoidal lunule ; the underside with the costal and 
terminal areas to vein 2 irrorated with brown, a black discoidal 
lunule and curved postmedial line from costa to submedian fold. 

Hub. Transvaal, White 11. (CooJce), 1 c? ; jSTatal, Mooi E,., 1 S; 
Madagascar, Betsileo (^Coioaii), 2 J , 1 $ t3'pe gramimcolens. 
Exp. 34-38 millim. 

Sect. II. Antennae of male laminate. 

3898. Mimleucania perstriata, n. sp. 

Head and thora.x grey-white tinged with brown ; palpi blackish ; 
frons with black bars above and between antennte; tegalye with 
black line near base and dark brown tips ; patagia with dark streak 
on outer edge and some black scales above ; vertex of thorax with 
black streak ; tibiae and tarsi with dark streaks ; abdomen whitish 
tinged with brown except at base and with blackish dorsal streak 
on basal segments. Fore wing whitish thickly irrorated with 
brown and with a diffused brown fascia below the cell and thence 
obliquely to termen below apex, defined by pure white above ; a 
strong black streak below basal half of cell ; the veins with dark 
streaks ; antemedial line obsolete on costal half, then slight, ex- 
tremely strongly angled outwards in submedian fold and above 
inner margin and inwards on vein 1 ; faint traces of a very obliiiue 
orbicular stigma ; reniform represented by slight black striae at 




03 



Fig. 82. — Mimleucania perstriata, (^ . \. 

sides and a black streak with white streak above it below end of 
cell ; postmedial line hardly traceable on costal half, more distinct 
below vein 3, bent outwards below costa, oblique below vein 4 and 
slightly angled inwards in submedian fold ; slight wedge-shaped 
brown marks from termen above veins 7 and 3 and a stronger mark 
on vein 2, with black streaks above and below vein 2 ; the extremity 
of the veins defined by wedge-shaped white marks intersecting the 
brown cilia ; a terminal series of slight black lunules. Hind wing 
white, the veins of terminal half and the terminal area from apex 
to vein 2 tinged with fuscous ; the underside with the costal area 
and terminal area to vein 2 irrorated with fuscous. 

Hah. Orange River Coloni, Bloemfouteiu (//. F. Wilson), 3 cS , 
1 $ . Kqy. 32-36 millim. 



EHABINOPTEEyx. 287 

Genus RHABINOPTERYX. ^^ ^ 

Ehabinopteryx, Christ. Eom. Mem. t. p. 32 (1889) tilrauica. 

Proboscis fully developed ; palpi obliquely upturned, reaching about to middle 
of frons and moderately fringed with scales in front, the 3rd joint short ; 
frons with rounded prominence with large corneous plate below it ; eyes large, 
round ; antennse of male almost simple, with tuft of long hair from basal joint 
in front ; thorax clothed chiefly with scales, the prothorax without crest, the 
metathorax with spreading crest ; build slender ; tibite slightly fringed with 
hair ; abdomen without crests. Fore wing long and narrow, the apex rounded, 
the termen evenly curved and not crenulate ; veins 3 and 5 from near angle of 
cell ; 6 from upper angle ; 9 and 10 anastomosing with 8 to form the areole : 
11 from cell. Hind wing with veins 3, 4 from angle of cell ; 5 obsolescent 
from middle of discocellulars ; 6, 7 shortly stalked ; 8 anastomosing with the 
cell near base only. 

A. Fore wing with the reniform present turanica. 

B. Fore wing with the reniform absent mbtilis. 

3899. Rhaljinopteryx turanica. 

Ligia turanica, Ersch. Fedtsch. Reise, p. 67, pi. 4. f. 69 (1874); Christ. 
Rom. Mem. v. p. 34, pi. 2. f. 6i Stand. Cat. Lep, pal. p. 242. 

S . Head and thorax while mixed with pale red-brown and some 
blackish scales ; basal joint of antennse with some black scales ; 
tegulye with two brown lines near base and one near tips ; tarsi 
brownish ringed with white ; abdomen white slightly tinged with 
brown. Fore wing white tinged with pale brown ; a white fascia 
in basal half of submedian fold with a fine brown streak in the 
fold with some blackish at extremity ; subbasal line represented by 
two slight black points below costa, the antemedial line by two 
black points on costa and two on vein 1 ; a white fascia in middle 




Fig. 83. — BluibinojJteryx turanica, J . \. 

of cell with fine brown streak in the fold, some blackish beyond it 
before the reniform, which is small, white, with brown line iu 
centre ; postmedial line represented by a double series of black 
points, bent outwards and almost obsolete below costa, excurved to 
vein 4, then strongly incurved, some small white spots beyond it 
on costa ; subterminal line represented by an oblique curved series 
of white marks in the interspaces with small black spots iu their 
centres and slight fuscous marks on their outer edges ; a series of 
small black spots just before termen on white marks; cilia white 
with fuscous striae at base, fuscous line at middle, the tips chequered 
white and brownish with series of small black spots. Hind wing 



288 NOCTUIB.E. 

white faiiitl}' tinged with brown especially on the veins ; a fine 
dark terminal line ; the underside witli the costa slightl}' irrorated 
with brown, a slight brown discoidal lunule. 

Hah. W. Turkestan, Turoomania, Eerghana, Issyk Kul ; E. Turk- 
estan, Hi, Kuldja, 1 (S . Exp. 32 millim. 

3900. Ehaljinopteryx subtilis. 

E'pimecia mhiilis, Mab. Bull. Soc. Ent. Fr. 1888, p. 51 ; id. Nov. Lep. 
p. 66, pi. 11. ]'. 4; Staud. Cat. Lep. pal. p. 242. 

Head and thorax white mixed with pale brown and black scales ; 
frons with fuscous bar above ; tegulge with fine black line near 
base; tarsi fuscous ringed with white; abdomen white tinged 
Avith brown. Fore wing white tinged with brown and slightly 
irrorated with fuscous, the costa irrorated with some black scales ; 
sabbasal line represented by a point of black scales on costa, the 
antemedial line by double points of black scales on costa and 
vein 1 ; a white fascia in basal half of submedian fold with fine 
brown streak in the fold, some black scales at its extremity ; a 
whitish streak in terminal half of cell ; postmedial line represented 
by a double series of faint black points, bent outwards below costa, 
excurved to vein 4, then strongly incui'ved, some small white spots 
with fuscous between them beyond it on costa ; subterminal lino 
obliquely curved, whitish with blackish points on its outer edge : a 
terminal series of black striae with white striae before them : cilia 
white mixed with blackish, wath fine black line at middle followed 
by a w^hite line. Hind wing white tinged with brown ; a terminal 
series of fuscous striae ; cilia white ; the underside irrorated with 
brown. 

Hcth. Algeria, Biskra ( WcdsingJiajn), 1 c5' , 4 $ . E,iy. 30-32 
millim. 

Genus EPIMECIA. 

Type. 

Epimecia, Guen. Ann. Soc. Ent. Fr. 1839, p. 514 ustula. 

Proboscis fully developed; palpi porrect, extending about tlie length of 
head and rather broadly fringed with bair below ; irons smooth, with ridge 
of hair ; eyes large, round : antennse of male somewhat laminate and almost 
simple ; thorax clothed chiefly with scales, the tegiilse produced to a slight 
hood behind, the prothorax without crest, the metathorax with spreading crest ; 
build slender ; tibise moderately fringed with hair; abdomen without crests. 
Fore wing rather narrow, the apex rounded, the termen obliquely curved and 
not crenulate ; veins 3 and 5 from near angle of cell ; 6 from upper angle ; 
9 from 10 anastomosing with 8 to form the areole; 11 from cell. Hind wing 
with veins 3, 4 from angle of cell; 5 obsolescent from middle of discoceliulars ; 
6, 7 stalked ; 8 anastomosing with the cell to middle. 

3901. Epimecia ustula. 

Ct/mafophora ustula, Frr. Neue Beitr. ii. p. 90, pi. 148. f. 1 (1835) ; Sttiud, 

'Cat. Lep. pal. p. 212. 
Caradrina. luruhi. Treit. Eur. Schmett., Suppl. s. 2, p. 81 (1835); Herr.- 
Schatr. Eur. Behmett. ii. p. 239, Noct. f. 442. 



EPlMECfA. FF.RGAXA. 289 

yoetua ustulata, Gejcr, Eur. Schniett., Noct.f. 857 (1841) ; Dup. Lep. Fi-., 
Suppl. iii. p. 396, pi. 35. f. 7 ; Boiscl. Eaiubr. & Grasl. Coll. Icon, 
Cberi., Noct. pi. 22. ff. 1-4. 

Head and thorax white mixed with reddish brown ; palpi and 
froDs more rufous ; tegulse with two brown lines near base and one 
at middle ; pectus and legs white, the pectus in front and fore legs 
tinged with rufous ; abdomen white with rufous dorsal bands. Fore 
wing white tinged with brown and with rufous on terminal ;irea and 
sliglitly irrorated with black especially on the veins ; a white fascia 
in base of cell met by an oblique pale shade from apex throngh 
upper part of cell ; antemedial line represented by slight double 
fuscous stripe from costa and points on median ncrvure and vein 1 ; 
slight white marks in cell above origin of vein 2 and at lower angle ; 
postniedial line represented by a slight fuscous striga from costa, 





m 



Fig. 84. — Ejiimecia usiula, (^ . \. 

then by black points on the veins, bent outwards below costa and 
incurved below vein 4, some white spots beyond it on costa; sub- 
terminal line represented by a series of small rufous marks in the 
interspaces defined on inner side by slight white marks and oblique 
from apex to vein 2, then by some whitish suffusion in submedian 
interspace ; cilia rufous at base with slight brownish medial line 
and rufous and whitish tips. Hind wing white, the veins slightly 
tinged with brown ; a tine rufous terminal Hue ; cilia .with faint 
rufous line near base ; the underside with the costal area slightly 
irrorated with brown. 

Hah. France, Sand Coll. ; Austria, Tyrol, Leech Coll. ; Hungary ; 
Spain, Catalonia, Frey Coll. ; Dalmatia, Leech Coll. ; Eulgaria ; 
S. Russia, Sarepta (C7tr?>toj3/t) ; ? W. Siberia, Altai. Exp. 2^-62 
millim. 

Lnrva. Kirby, Butt. & Moths Eur. p. 252 ; Hif nin. Eaup. p. 124, pi. 33. f. 4. 

Green with yellowish-white stripes on the back and sides. F'ood- 
plant: Scabiosa leucantha. 5-6 and 8; forming a thick cocoon like 
parchment. 

Genus FEEGANA. 

Type. 

Fergana, Stand. Iris, v. p. 166(1892) oreophila. 

Proboscis fully developed ; palpi porrect, hardly reaching beyond frons 
which is smooth ; eyes large, round ; antenna- of male ciliated ; thorax clothed 
chiefly with scales, the prothorax without crest, the metathoras with spreading 
crest ; build very slender ; tibiae smoothly scaled ; abdomen without crests. 
Fore wing long and narrow, the apex rounded, the termen obliquely curved 
and not crenulate; veins 3 and 5 from near angle of cell; 6 frOTa upper angle ; 

VOL. VIII. TJ 



290 



KOCTUIDJE. 



i) from 10 anastomosiiig with 8 to fovm the areole ; 1 1 fi-oni celh Hind wing 
with Teiiis 3, 4 from angle of cell ; 5 obsolescent from midclle of discocellulure ; 
6, 7 shortly stalked ; 8 anastomosing with the cell to near middle. 

31)02. Fergana oreophila. 

Fergccna oreophila, Stand. Iris, v. p. 166, pi. 2. f. 9 (1892) ; id. Cat. Lep. 
pal. p. 194. 

S . Head and thorax pale red-Lrovvn mixed with whitish ; 
tegulse edged with whitish; tarsi ringed with whitish; abdomen 
ochreous whitish. Pore wing ochreous whitish suffused Avith pale 
red-brown, the costal area ochreous whitish from middle widening 
to subterminal line; anteraedial line indistinct, oblique from costa 
to submedian fold, then obliquely incurved ; orbicular and reniform 
with whitish annuli, the former very narrow and oblique elliptical, 
the latter angled inwards at middle and with its upper extremity 




Fig. 85, — Fergana oreophila, t^ . 



produced ; postmedial line indistinct, whitish, strongly bent out- 
wards below costa, then minutely waved, very oblique below vein 4 
and excurved at vein 1, some pale points beyond it on cost a ; sub- 
terminal line whitish, arising from below apex, oblique, dentate at 
veins 4, 8, 2 and angled inwards at submedian fold ; a terminal 
series of blackish striae defined on inner side by whitish. Hind 
wing whitish tinged with red-brown except on inner area; cilia 
white at tips ; the underside whitish tinged with red-brown. 

Hab. W. Ttjreestan, Turcomania, 2 J , Ferghana, Sarawschan. 
E.rp. 42 millim. 



Genus STILBIA. 
Stilhia, Steph. 111. Erifc. Ent., Haust. iii. p. 124 (1829) 



Type. 

anomala. 



Proboscis fully deyeloped ; palpi porrect, hardly reaching beyond the frons ; 
frons smooth ; eyes large, round ; antenniK of male ciliated; thorax clothed 
almost entirely with scales, the prothorax without crest, the metathorax with 
spreading crest ; build slender ; tibiae smoothly scaled ; abdomen without 
crests. Fore wing long and narrow, the apex rounded, the termen evenly 
curved and not crenulate ; veins 3 and 5 from near angle of cell ; 6 from 
upper angle ; 9 from 10 anatomosing with 8 to form the areole ; 11 from cell. 
Hind wing with veins 3, 4 from angle of cell; 5 obsolescent from just belov\r 
middle of discocellulars ; 6, 7 shortly stalked ; 8 anastomosing with the cell to 
near middle. 

A. Fore wing of male with black patch between orbicular and 

reniform faillcB. 

B. Fore wing of male with diffused black streak between orbicular 

and reniform anomala. 



STILBTA, 291 

3903. Stilbia faillffi. 

StiUna ajiowala. Failla-Ted. Nat. Sicil. s. p. 29, pi. 1. f. 3 (nee Haw.). 
Stilhia faillcE, Piing. Nat. Sicil. xi. p. 18 (1891); Stand. Cat. Lep. pal. 

p. 194. 
Stilhia Simla, Staud. Iris, iv. p. 289 (1892). 

J . Head and thorax fuscous brown with, a greyish tinge ; palpi 
and frons fuscous ; tarsi fuscous with slight pale rings ; abdomen, 
gre)' tinged with brown. Fore wing glossy grey suffused with 
brown and irrorated with fuscous ; subbasal line indistinct, dark, 
waved, from costa to vein 1; antemedial line indistinct, double, 
blackish, angled outwards below costa, excurved and almost obsolete 
below submedian fold ; orbicular and reniform defined by black 
and white at sides onlj^ the former rather triangular, the cell 
between them black ; postmedial line indistinct, double, blackish 
filled in with whitisli, bent outwards below costa, oblique to vein 5, 
then incurved and excurved beloAv submediati fold ; subterminal 
line faintly defined by fuscous on inner side, slightly excurved 
below costa and at middle ; a terminal series ot slight dark stria3 ; 
cilia brownish white. Hind wing glossy greyish suff"used with 
brown ; cilia brownish white ; the underside with indistinct curved 
j)ostmedial line. 

Hah. Sicily, 1 S ■ Exp. 30 millim. 

3904. Stilbia anomala. 

Thytometra anomala. Haw. Trans. Ent. Soc. i. p. 336 (1812) ; Staud. Oat. 

Lep. pal. p. 194. 
Geometra hyhricUia, Hlibn. Eur. Schmett., Geom. IF. 497, 498 (1822). 
Ciiradrina stagnicola, Treit. Eur Schmett. v. (2) p. 258 (1825) ; Diip. Lep. 

Fv., Suppl. iii. p. 580, pi. 48. f. 5. 
Stilhia anomalata, Steph. HI. Brit. Ent., Haust. iii. p. 125 (1829); Curt. 

Brit. Ent. pi. 631. 
Stilhia fhilopalis, Grasl. Ann. Soc. Ent. Fr. 1852, p. 413, pi. 8. i. f. 3. 
Stilhia andalusica. Staud. Iris, iv. p. 290 (1892). 
Stilhia syriaca, Staud. Iris, iv. p. 290 (1892). 
Caraclrina calherlce, Failla-Ted. Nat. Sicil. x. p. 29, pi. 1. f. 4 (1890) ; 

Staud. Cat. Lep. pal. p. 195. 
Stilhia insidaris, Fucbs, Soc. Ent. xviii. p. 9 (1903). 

J . Head and thorax fuscous brown with patches of grey on 
patagia ; tarsi with slight pale rings ; abdomen brownish ochreous. 




Fig. 8Q.— Stilhia anomala, (^ 



Fore wing grey irrorated with brown, the costal and terminal areas 
broadly suffused with fuscous brown ; antemedial line double, the 

V 2 



'■292 KOCTTJIU^. 

inner line indistinct, angled outwards below costa and in submedian 
ibid and incurved at vein 1 ; orbicular and reniform grey-white 
defined by black-brown, their centres defined by brown, the former 
narrow and very oblique elliptical, the latter with more or less 
diffused black streak before it; medial line indistinct, diffused, 
einuons, from lower angle of cell to inner margin ; postmedial line 
double filled in with grey-white, indistinct except the inner line 
from vein 2 to inner margin, bent outwards below costa, excurved 
and minutely waved to vein 4, then incurved and angled outwards 
at vein 1 ; subterminal line indistinct, grey, waved, with slight 
black streaks before it above and below vein 7 ; a fine waved dark 
terminal line ; cilia with a slight dark line through them. Hind 
wing whitish tinged wuth red-brown especially on terminal area 
from costa to vein 2 ; a fine dark terminal line from apex to vein 2 ; 
the underside white, the costal area irrorated with brown. 

2 . Head, thorax, and fore wing nearly uniform fuscous brown, 
the last with the markings indistinct. 

Ab. 1. pliihpalis. Smaller and paler; fore wing with the mark- 
ings more prominent. — S.E. France. 

Ab. 2. andahisim. Small ; fore wing with the markings indis- 
tinct. — Andalusia. 

Ab. 3. syriaca. Wings broader ; hind wing darker. — Syria. 

Hah. Bkitain, England (Barreit), Leech Coll., Ireland, Derry 
(Salvage); France, Frey Coll.; Germany, Zeller & Leech Colls.; 
Spain, Andalusia; Sicily; Syria. Ewp. 30-38 millim. 

Larva. Meyr. Brit. Lep. p. 125 ; Barrett, Lep. Brit. y. p. 277, pi. 220. f. 2. 

Green or pale brown ; dorsal and subdorsal lines white or 
yellowish, dark-edged ; head brown or greenish freckled with dark 
brown. Food- plant : Grasses. 9-3. 

Genus PR^ffiSTILBIA. 

Type. 

Prcsstilbia, Stand. Iris, i?. p. 288 (1891).... armeniaca. 

Proboscis fully developed : pnlpi porrect, hardly extending beyond the frons 
wliich is smooth ; eyes large, round ; antenusB of jnale serrate; thorax clothed 
chiefly with scales, the prothorax without crest, the metathorax -with spreading 
crest ; build slender ; tibije smoothly scaled ; abdomen without crests. Fore 
wing with the apex rounded, the termen eTenly curved and not crenulate ; 
■veins 3 and .'> from near angle of cell; 6 f'roni upper angle; 9 from 10 
anastomosing with 8 to for7n the areole; 11 from cell. Hind wing with 
\eins 3, 4 shcjrtly stalked ; 6 obsolescent from middle of discocellulars ; 6, 7 
from upper angle ; 8 anastomosing with the cell to near middle. 

3905. Praestilbia armeniaca. 

PriBstilhin armeniaca, Stand. Iris, iv. p. 288, pi. 3. f. 10 (1891) ; id. Cat. 
Lep. pal. p. 194. 

J . Head and thorax whitish tinged Avith red-broAvn ; tarsi 
brown tinged with whitish; abdomen whitish. Fore wing whitish 
tinged with pale red-brown ; subbasal line represented by a small 
black spot below costa with a black point beyond it in cell ; ante- 



PE^ESTILBrA . HYPOSTILBIA. 293 

medial line indistinct, whitish, with a minute wedge-shaped black 
spot before it from costa and a black bar on its outer edge in sub- 
median interspace representing- the claviform ; orbicular and reniform 
large, pale, with whitish annuli at sides, the former round with a 
quadrate black spot on its inner edge confluent with the ante- 
medial line and a V-shaped black spot between them, the latter 




Fig. 87. — Prcesfilhia armcniaca, S • {• 

defined by dark scales on outer side ; an indistinct diffused curved 
medial brown line ; postmedial line unusually near termen, double, 
dark, slightly excurved at middle, aud oblique below vein 4, a 
wedge-sha])ed brown shade on its outer edge from costa to vein 5 ; 
snbterminal line absent; a terminal series of small black lunules. 
Hind wing whitish, ths terminal area tinged with brown from apex 
to submedian fold; a terminal series of slight dark points; the 
underside whitish. 

Hah. HuNGAKY ; Greece ; Asia Minoe, Pontus, 1 S • Exp. 
32 millim. 

Genus HYPOSTILBIA, nov. 

Type, H. megaMkjma. 

Proboscis fully developed ; palpi upturned, the 2nd joint reaching to vertex of 
head aud fringed with scales in front, the 3rd moderate ; frons smooth ; eyes 
large, rounded ; anteunss of male ciliated ; build slender ; head and tliorax 
clothed with scales; the prothorax with spreading crest; the metal horax 
without crest ; tibiEe moderately fringed with hair ; abdomen elongate, slender, 
without crests. Fore wing elongate, ratiier narrow, the termen evenly rounded ; 
veins 3 and 5 from near angle of cell ; the areole rather large, vein 6 from it ; 
'.• from 10 anastomosing with 8 ; 11 from cell. Hind wing with veins 3, 4 and 
(3,7 rather strongly stalked; 5 obsolescent from middle of discoeellulars ; 
8 rather strongly anastomosing with cell. 

A. Fore wing with the orbicular and renitorm fuscous defined 

by whitish points mcijaMigma. 

B. Fore wing with the orbicular absent, the reniform a faint 

whitish lunule cerrcpta. 

3906. Hypostilbia megastigina. 

Seiita megastigiim, Piiug, Iris, xix. p. 221, pi. vii. f. 18 (1906). 

c5' . Head, thorax, and abdomen pale grey mixed with reddish 
brown ; palpi and legs ochreous white irrorated with fuscous. 
Pore wing ochreous white irrorated with fuscous, the veins and 
terminal area slightly darker ; slight antemedial dark marks on 
coata, in cell, and on inner margin ; orbicular aud reniform fuscous 



294 N0CTt'ID35. 

brown defined by white points, the former rather oblique quadrate, 
the latter constricted at middle ; a postmedial series of faint double 
black points on the veins with more prominent spot at costa, 
excurved to vein 4, then oblique, some blackish points beyond it on 
costa ; subterminal line obsolete ; a terminal series of black points 




Fig. 88.— Hi/2Msiilbia megastigma, (^ . \. 

with whitish points on their inner side ; a slight dark line near 
base of cilia. Hind wing white with faint ochreous tinge; a faint 
oblique discoidal stigma and terminal series of striae from apex to 
SLibraedian fold; the underside with the costal and terminal areas 
irrorated with black, a blackish discoidal spot. 

Hah. E. TuEKESTAN, Lob-nor, 1 ^ cotype. Exp. 36 millim. 

*3907. Hypostilbia correpta. (Plate CXXIX. fig. 6.; 

Scnia correpta, Piiiig. Iris, xix. p. 221, pi. viii. f. 2 (1906,). 

S • Head and thorax white tinged with leaden grey ; palpi 
except at tips and antennae black ; thorax dark leaden grey ; 
abdomen whitish suffused with fuscous brown. Fore wing dark 
leaden grey with a silvery gloss; subbasal line absent; ante- 
medial line very indistinct, diffused, curved ; claviform and orbicular 
absent ; reniform a faint whitish lunule ; very indistinct diffused, 
curved medial and postmedial lines, the latter somewhat dentate ; 
subterminal line foimed by faint whitish marks slightly defined on 
iuner side by dark suffusion, slightly angled outwards at vein 7, 
excurved at middle and bent outwards to tornus ; a terminal series 
of minute blackish striae with slight whitish marks before them. 
Hind wing uniform pale brownish white with fine brown terminal 
line; cilia white tinged with brown; the underside with slight 
white irroration on costal area, the apical area suffused with fuscous, 
a slight discoidal bar. 

Hah. E. T^JEKBSTA^% Urumtschi, type t S in Coll. Piingeler. 
Exp. 36 millim. 

Genus AMPHIDEINA. 

Type. 
AnifJiidrina, Staud. Iris, iv. p. 293 ( 1 892) agrdtina. 

Proboscis fully developed ; palpi uptiu'iierl, the 2nd joint reaching about to 
middle of frons and moderately scaled, the 3rd short, porreet ; frons smooth; 
eyes large, round ; antennte of male typically ciliated ; thorax clothed chiefly 
with scales, the pro- and metathoras with spreading crests; tibite moderately 
frino-ed with hair; abdomen with some rough hair at base but without crests. 
Fore wing with the apex rounded, the termen evenly curved and ci-euulate ; 



AMPHIPEIXA. 29o 

veins 3 and 5 from near angle of cell ; 6 from upper angle ; 9 from 10 
anastomosing with 8 to form tlie areola; 11 from cell. Hind wing with veins 
3, 4 from angle of cell ; 6 obsolescent from just below middle of discoeei- 
lulai-s; 6, 7 from upper angle ; 8 anastomosing with the cell near base only. 

Sect. I. Antjnnaj of male bipectinate with short branches. 

3908. Amphidrina pexicera, n. sp. 

(^ . Head and thorax dark red-brown mixed with some grey ; 
palpi dark brown, pale at tips ; tarsi fuscous with pale rin^s ; 
iibdomen grey mixed with brown. Fore wdng grey-white suffused 
in parts with pale rufous and irrorated with fuscous brown ; sub- 
basal line black defined by whitish on outer side, waved, from costa 
to submedian fold ; antemedial line double hlled in with whitish, 
oblique, Avaved ; a slight dark mark at middle of submedian fold; 




Fig. 89. — Amphiclrma pexicera, (^ . \. 

orbicular a small rather elongate black-browu spot; reniforra small, 
defined by black, more strongly on inner side ; postmedial line 
doable filled in wdth white, strongly bent outwards beloAv costa, 
then very minutely waved, incurved below vein 4 and slightly 
excurved above inuer margin, some white points beyond it on 
costa; subterminal line whitish defined on inner side by small 
dentate brown marks from below costa to vein 2, excurved below 
vein 7 and at middle ; a terminal series of black lunules. Hind 
wing whitish suffused with brown ; a fine dark terminal line ; cilia 
ochreous white ; the underside white tinged with ochreous, the 
costal and terminal areas irrorated with brown, a small dark 
discoidal spot and sinuous postmedial line. 

Hah. Cape Colony, Hoot Bay {W. L. Sclater), 1 ^ type. E.vj^ 
36 millim. 



Sect. II. Antennae of male cilisited. 

A. Fore wing with the reniform very large and strongly angled 

invv,".rds on median nervure amurensis. 

B. Fore wing with the reniform not angled inwards on median 

nervure. 
a. Fore wing with strong black medial shade. 

«'■. Fore wing with white band on basal half of medial 

area glaucistis. 

b^ . Fore wing without white band on basal half of medial 
area. 

a^. Hind wing white, the termen narrowly brown intaminata. 

))-. Hind wing wholly suffused with brown spceloiidia. 

h. Fore wing without black medial shade ay rot in a. 



296 NOCTcriD^. 

3909. Amphidrina amurensis. 

Bryohota amurensis, Stand. Eom. Mem. vi. p. 432, pi. 7. f. 5 (1892) ; id. 
Cat. Lep. pal. p. 182. 

(S . Head and thorax whitish mixed with brown and fuscous ; 
tegulse and patagia edged with black ; abdomen ochreous white 
irrorated with fuscous. Fore wing grey-white slightly tinged with 
reddish brown and thickly irrorated with black; traces of a black 
streak below base of cell ; subbasal line represented by a black 
striga from costa ; antemedial line indistinct, double, waved ; 
claviforra large, defined by black ; orbicular and reniform defined 
by black, excei)t above, and with brownish centres, the former some- 
what oblique elliptical, the latter with large lobe towards base on 
and below median nervure ; postmedial line rather indistinct, 
strongly bent outwards below costa, then waved, incurved at discal 
fold and very oblique below vein 4, some white points beyond it on 
costa ; subterminal line whitish defined by fuscous on inner side 
except at middle and with slight black streaks before it below 
veins 7, 5, 2, excurved below vein 7 and at middle and angled 
inwards at discal and submedian folds ; a terminal series of small 
black lunules. Hind wing whitish, suffused and irrorated with 
brown except on costal area, the terminal area rather darker; cilia 
white : the underside silvery white, the costal area slightly irrorated 
with brown. 

Hah. Mongolia, Changhai Mts,, 1 J; E. Siberia, Ussuri. Exp. 
40 millim. 

3910. Amphidrina glaucistis. (Plate CXXIX. fig. 7.) 

Caradrina glaucistis, Hmpsn. Ann. S. Afr. Mus. ii. p. 443 (1902). 

Head and thorax white, the vertex of head and thorax except 
base of tegulsc tinged with fuscous brown : palpi black, white at 
tips ; antennae black ; tegulse with black streaks on outer edge ; 
metathoracic crest black ; tibiae banded with black, the tarsi black 
ringed with white ; abdomen white, dorsally suflfused with fuscous 
leaving slight white segmental lines. Fore wing with the basal 
half white irrorated with a few black scales, the terminal half 
black ; a black point at base of costa ; subbasal line black, excurved 
below costa and ending at submedian fold ; the antemedial area 
Avith diffused sinuous black band emitting a streak on outer side ia 
submedian fold, sometimes crossing the antemedial line, which is 
black, oblique, waved, expanding into a spot on costa ; the inner 
edge of black area oblitjue and angled outwards on median nervure 
and vein 1 ; orbicular absent ; reniform a slight white iunule 
defined by black ; postmedial line black, defined bj' white on outer 
side, very slightly on inner area, and with some white before it 
beyond the reniform, bent outwards below costa, angled inwards 
at discal fold and incurved below vein 4, some white points beyond 
it on costa ; subterminal line represented by a white striga from 
costa, then by a few white scales ; a terminal series of black striae ; 



AMPniDEIXA, 297 

cilia white with series of fuscous spots at base and diffused fuscous 
]ine at middle. Hind wing white, the veins tinged with brown, 
the terminal area sutFused with brown from apex to vein 2 ; the 
underside with black discoidal spot, postmedial series of minute 
streaks on the veins, some fuscous irroration at apex, and terminal 
series of small black lunules from apex to vein 2. 

Ah. 1. The type ; fore wing with the antemedial black band and 
the black on terminal half reduced to fuscous suffusion, the medial 
and subterminal lines well defined. 

Bab. Tkansvaal (ChohnJcy), 2 c? , 5 $ , Johannesburg (CooJfe), 
1 5 ; Natal (Mrs. Blakeway), 1 5 ; Basutoland, Maseru (Craw- 
shaii), 1 J tyj)e ; Cape Colony, Kokstad {Mrs. Prhitjle), 1 S . 
E.qy. 26-32 millim. 

3911. Amphidrina intaminata. 

AgroHs intaminata, Wlk. xxxii. 698 (1868) ; Hmpsn. 111. Het. B. M. viii. 
p. 15, pi. 143. f. 5 ; id. Moths Ind. ii. p. 261. 

Head and thorax grey mixed with brown, the patagia and vertex 
of thorax with some black scales ; palpi fuscous, the 2nd joint white 
in front and at tip ; lower part of irons white; antennte fuscous, 
the basal half ringed with white ; tarsi black ringed with white; 
abdomen grey suffused with fuscous, the ventral surface white with, 
the anal segment brown. Fore wing grey tinged with brown and 
irrorated with black ; subbasal line strong, black, fiom costa to 
submedian fold, a blackish patch beyond it on costa and a point in 
cell ; antemedial line indistinctly double, oblique, sinuous, with 
black point on the outer line at costa ; orbicular a small black spot ; 
reniform a black lunule obscured by the strong black medial shade 
which is oblique from costa to lower angle of cell, then angled 
inwards in submedian fold ; postmedial line rather indistinct, 
double, bent outwards below costa, then minutely dentate, oblique 
below vein 4, some white yioints beyond it on costa wdth black 
streaks between them ; subterminal line indistinct, whitish, slightly 
defined by fuscous on inner side and with diffused black patch, 
before it on costal area, oblique towards costa, slightly angled out- 
wards at vein 7, then minutely waved ; a terminal series of black 
lunules. Hind wdng white, the veins of terminal half and termen 
tinged with brow^n ; cilia brown at tips towards apex ; the under- 
side with small dark discoidal spot and spot above it on costa, the 
apex tinged with brown. 

Hah. Madkas, J^filgiris (Lindsa-if, ffawpson), 2 § , Cuimbatore 
(WulJiouse), 1 cS type. E,rp' 32-36 millim. 

3912. Amphidrina spaelotidia. (Plate CXXIX. fig. 8.) 

Caradrina spcelotidia, Butl. A. M. N. H. (5) iv. p. 243 (1871)). 

$ . Head and thorax grey tinged with brown and mixed with 
fuscous; palpi with the 2nd joint blackish at the sides; tibiae 
banded with black ; the tarsi black with pale rings ; abdomen grey 



298 



NOCrnD.35. 



suffused with fuscous, vontrally whitish irrorated with fuscous. 
Pore wing greyish tinged with ochreous and irrorated with fuscous ; 
subbasal line strong, black, from costa to submedian fold ; ante- 
medial line blackish, rather diffused, angled outwards in cell and 
on vein 1 ; orbicular and reniform absent ; a diffused black medial 
shade, oblique from costa to lower angle of cell, then approximated 
to the postmedial line, which is blackish, bent outwards below costa, 
then dentate and produced to points on the veins, incurved below 
vein 4, some pale points with black streaks between them beyond 
it on costa ; subtermiual line indistinct, pale, defined on inner side 
by fuscous suffusion and with fuscous patches before it at costa and 
discal fold, excurved below vein 7 and at middle, incurved at 
discal fold and bent outwards to tornus, some fuscous sitffusiou 
beyond it at discal fold ; a terminal series of black lunnles. Hind 
wing whitish suffused with ochreous brown, the basal area rather 
])aler ; cilia yellowish white slightly mixed with brown ; the under- 
side whitish tinged with ochreous and irrorated with brown, a brown 
discoidal spot, diffused curved postmedial line from costa to vein 2, 
and dark terminal line. 

Hah. Madagascar, Fianarantsoa (SJiaw), 1 $ type. Exp. 32 
millim. 

3913. Amphidrina agrotina. 

Amphidrina agrotina, Staud. Iris, iv. p. 293, pi. 3. f. 11 (1892); id. Cat. 

Lep. pal. p. 19.T. 
Amphidrina jordana, Staud. Iris, vii. p. 278 (1894). 

S . Head and thorax ochreous white slightly tinged with rufous ; 
palpi pale rufous, white in front and fuscous behind ; pectus and 
fore legs more strongly tinged with rufous ; abdomen white tinged 
with ochreous. Fore wing ochreous white slightly tinged and 
irrorated Avith reddish brown ; subbasal line represented by slight 
dark points below costa and cell ; antemedial line very indistinct 
and interrupted, oblique, waved, with small dark spots below costa 




Fig. 90. — AmpMdrina agrotina, J. \. 

and cell; claviform absent; orbicular represented by a faint dark 
point ; reniform diffused, blackish, constricted at middle, a faint 
diffused darkmedial shade ; postmedial line very indistinct, minutely 
Avaved, obsolete towards costa, excurved to vein 4, then incurved ; 
subtermiual line only defined by a dark shade on its inner side, bent 
inwards at vein 6, excurved and somewhat dentate at middle and 
bent outwards to tornus; the terminal area whitei" ; a terminal 
series of slight dark points ; cilia yellowish Avhite. Hind wing 



AlJPniDEIJs'A. AinETIS. 299 

pure white ; the underside with the costa slightly tinged with 
ochreous. 

Ab. 1. jordana. Fore wi'ig with the ante- and postmedial lines 
strong, black with prominent spots at costa, the reniform almost 
obsolete. — Palestine. 

JJab. Armenia, 1 J ; Asia Minoe, Poutus ; Palestine, I cS . 
Exjy. 38 millim. 

Genus ATHETI3. rr 

lype. 

Athetis, Hlibti. Verz. p. 209 (1827) furmda. 

At.ypha, Hiibn. Verz. p. 213 (1827) pulmonaris. 

El'uphria, Hiibn. Verz. p. 230 (18'27) movphvKs. 

Hapalotis, Hiibn. Verz. p. 254 (1827) furmda. 

Nehrissa, Wlk. Journ. Linn. Soc, Zool. vi. p. 194 (1862) bimactda. 

Anorthodes, Smith, Trans. Am. Ent. Soc. xviii. p. 114 (1891) ... tarda. 

Proboscis fully developed ; palpi upturned, the 2nd joint reaching about to 
vertex of head and moderately fringed with scales iu front, the 3rd short; 
frons smooth ; eyes large, round ; antennas of male typically ciliated ; thorax 
clothed with hair and hair-like scales mixed with some scales, the prothorax 
with small spreariing crest, the metathorax without distinct crest ; tibire 
moderately fringed with hair ; abdomen without crests. Fore wing rather 
narrow, the costa and inner margin subparallel, the apex rounded, the termen 
evenly curved and slightly crenulate; veins 3 and 5 from near angle of cell; 
(i from upper angle; 9 from 10 anastomosing with 8 to form the areole ; 
11 from cell. Hind wing with veins 3, 4 from angle of cell: 5 obsolescent 
from middle of discocellulars ; 6, 7 from upper ai'gle ; 8 anastomosing with 
the cell near base only. 

Sect. I. Antennce of male bipectinate with moderate branches, the apex serrate. 

A. Fore wing fuscous black mixed with grey, the lines dis- 

tinct, black chionopis . 

B. Fore wing capre(jus brown, the linfs indistiijct alhipuncta. 

3914. Athetis chionopis, n. n. 

Caradrina Imcopis, PImpsn. Ann. S. Afr. Mus. ii. p. 443 (1902), nee p. 293. 

Head and thorax black-brown mixed with some grey, the thorax 
with a metallic gloss ; abdomen grey tinged with fuscous, the ventral 
surface blackish. Fore wing fuscous black mixed with greyish ; 
subbasal line represented by slight double black stride from costa 




Fig. 91. — Athetis chionopis, S . \. 

filled in with greyish : antemedial line black defined by- greyish on 
inner side, rather oblique, waved ; orbicular a small rather elongate 
black spot ; reniform a small black spot with pure white bar on its 
outer edge ; traces of a sinuous medial dark line ; postmedial line 



300 



N0CTl'ID,?5. 



l)lack defined by greyish on outer side, strongly bent outwards 
below costa, then minutely dentate and strongly incurved below 
vein 4, some white points beyond it on costa ; subterminal line 
slight, greyish, defined on inner side by black suffusion, minutely 
waved, angled outwards at vein 7 and excurved at middle; a 
lunulate black terminal line; cilia greyish fuscous with a black 
line near base. Hind wing white tinged with brown especially on 
terminal area ; cilia whitish with a fuscous line near base ; the 
unilerside whitish, the costal and terminal areas suffused and 
irrorated with fuscous, a small discoidal spot and curved post- 
medial line from costa to vein 4. 

Huh. Basdtoland, Machaka (CnnvsJuiy), 5 J, 1 5 type. Ed-^y. 
34 millim. 

3915. Athetis albipuncta. (Plate CXXIX. fig. 9.) 

Scsamia alhipuncta, Hmpsn. Aun. S. Afr. Mus. ii. p. 297 (1902). 

c? . Head, thorax, and abdomen greyish suffused with dark brown ; 
palpi with the 2nd joint blackish behind, fore legs blackish above. 
Fore wing cupreous brown; traces of a curved antemedial line 
from cell to inner margin ; a white discoidal spot with short 
blackish streak before and beyond it in discal fold ; traces of a 
curved postmedial line. Hind wing greyish suffused with brown 
with a slight reddish tinge; the underside paler irrorated with 
dark brown, the apical area suffused with fuscous, a dark discoidal 
lunula and diffused curved postmedial line. 

Hah. C. Colony, Trauskei {Miss F. Barrett), 1 cJ type. Exp. 
30 millim. 

Sect. II. Antenna; of male bipectinate with very short branches, the apex 
serrate. 

3916. Athetis caeca. 

Charidea cceca, Huipsn. Ann. S. Afr. Mus. ii. p. 442 (1902). 

S . Head and thorax grey mixed with fuscous brown ; palpi and 
frons black-brown, the former with pale ring at extremity of 2nd 
joint ; abdomen grey tinged with brown, ventrally blackish irrorated 




-Tig. ^2.— Athetis caca , S . \. 

with~grey. Fore wing grey suffused and thickly irrorated with 
brown ; subbasal line represented by slight double black stripe from 
costa ; antemedial line slight, black, bent inwards in cell, then 
sinuous; claviform an elongate black patch ; orbicular and reniform 



ATHRTTS. 301 

black, the former elongate elliptical, the latter irregularly rounded ; 
jjostmedial line slight, black, with more prominent spot at costa, 
bent outwards below costa, then minutely dentate, slightly incurved 
at discal fold, incurved below vein 4 and angled outwards on vein 1, 
some whitish and black striae beyond it on costa ; subterminal line 
defined by brown suffusion on inner side, excurved below vein 7 
and at middle and angled inwards at discal and submedian lolds ; 
a terminal series of slight black lunules. Hind wing grey suffused 
with iuscous brown ; cilia brownish at base, white at tips ; the 
underside whitish tinged and irrorated with brown, the costal area 
darker, a small discoidal spot and indistinct postmedial line excurved 
to vein 4, then oblique. 

Eah. Natal, Charleston, 1 J type ; Cape Colony, Strydfonteia 
(MoxJiam), 1 d • E.vp. 34 millim. 

Si'.CT. III. Antennse of male serrate, 

A. Fore wing with yellow discoidal bar pl:ioed on a blact 

spot melunoins. 

B. Fore wing witli white discoidal spot placed on a black 

streak Icucopis. 

C. Fore wing with white discoidal point on an ill-deiined 

fuscous spot iiepkrosiicfa, 

D. Fore wing witlioiit white or yellow discoidal mark. 

a. Fore wing with white annuliis to renift)r!ii. 

«i. Fore wing with black centre to reniform copicola.. 

h'. Fore wing with rufous centre to reniform rttfipwicta. 

b. Fore wing without white annulus to reniform. 

«'. Fore wing with the reniform defined by white 

points poliostroia. 

lA. Fore wing with the reniform not defined by white 
points. 
a.-. F'^ore wing with the reniform defined by black ... microtera. 
I)-. Fore wing with the reniform rather darker than 
the ground-colour and undefined. 
«3. Fore wing with the subterminal line faintly 
defined by fuscous on inner side. 
a*. Fore wing tinged with purple and with rnfous 

spot on reniform tenebraia. 

h^. Fore wing not tinged with purple and without 

rufous spot on reniform expoliia. 

P. Fore wing with the subterminal line yellowish 
defined on inner side by red-brown. 
fA Fore wing with series of dark points beyond 

postmedial line externa. 

h"^. Fore wing without series of dark points 

beyond postmedial line cervina. 

c'. Fore wing with the reniform absent castaneipars. 

3917. Athetis melanopis, n. sp. (Plate CXXIX. fig. 10.) 

S . Head and thorax black with a slight grey tinge ; pectus and 
legs greyish mixed with brown and black ; the tarsi black ringed 
Avith white ; abdomen ochreous white mixed with brown. Fore 
wing reddish brown suffused with black and glossed with purplish 
grey ; subbasal line represented by a black striga from costa defined 



302 NOCTUIBiK. 

by rufous on outer side ; antemedial line black defined by rufous 
on inner side, represented by a black striga from costa and waved 
line from cell to inner margin ; orbicular represented by an elongate 
black spot, the reniforra by a rounded black spot with yellow bar 
near its outer edge, with a slight black streak in discal fold from 
it to subterminal line ; postmedial line very slight and formed of 
black scales, bent outwards below costa, oblique to discal fold where 
it is angled outwards, then oblique and minutely dentate ; sub- 
terminal line very indistinct, defined on inner side by slight blackish 
dentate marks at middle and somewhat incurved at discal and 
submedian folds ; a terminal series of slight black lunules ; a fine 
pale line at base of cilia. Hind wing yellowish white, the veins 
and terminal area, except towards tornus, tinged with fuscous ; a 
blackish discoidal spot and terminal line except towards tornus ; 
the underside with the costal area and terminal area to vein 2 
irrora ted with fuscous, a black discoidal spot and traces of post- 
medial line from costa to vein 2. 

Hab. Transvaal, White R. {C'ooTce), 1 J ^ype. ii't^:>. 36 millira. 

3918. Athetis leucopis. 

Charidea leucopis, Hmpsn. Ann. S. Afr. Mus. ii. p. 293 (1902). 

Head and thorax grey tinged with brown and mixed with black ; 
palpi whitish at tips ; abdomen grey tinged with brown. Fore 
wing grey suffused with brown and irrorated with fuscous ; sub- 
basal line represented by black striae from costa and cell defined 
by grey on outer side ; a fine black streak in submedian fold from 
near base to subterminal line ; antemedial line fine, black defined 
by grey on inner side, angled outwards in submedian fold and above 
inner margin and inwards in cell and on veiii 1 ; claviform a wedge- 
shaped black mark on the submedian streak ; a black streak in 




Fig. 93.-~Aiheiis leucopis, c?. r- 

discal fold from middle of cell to subterminal line expanding on 
inner side of the small round pure white reniform stigma ; traces 
of a diffused medial line ; postmedial line fine, black with more 
prominent spot at costa, strongly bent outwards below costa, then 
dentate, excurved to vein 4, then oblique, angled inwards in sub- 
median fold and outwards on vein 1, some pale points beyond it on 
costa; subterminal line slight, greyish defined on inner side by 
small dentate black marks, excurved below vein 7 and at middle 
and angled inwards at discal and submedian folds; a terminal 
series of slight black lunules. Hind wing whitish tinged with 



ATIIETIS. 303 

brown; cilia whiter; the underside whitish tinged with brown, 
the costal area irrorated with brown. 

Hah. Cape Colont, Deelfontein (Shggett), 1 c? , 1 $ , Transkei 
(M'iss F. Barrett), 1 (S type. Evp. 34 millim. 

3919. Athetis nephrosticta, n. ap. (Plate CXXIX. fig. 11.) 

5 . Head and thorax brown mixed with grey ; abdomen grey 
tinged •with brown. Fore wing grey thickly irrorated with brown, 
the terminal area snffused with brown : antemedial line blackish, 
oblique, sinuous, angled inwards on vein 1 ; orbiciilar represented 
by a minute black point, the reniform by a diii'used dark mark 
with white point near its outer edge : medial line oblique to 
reniform, oblique and sinuous from lower angle of cell to inner 
margin ; postmedial line blackish, minutely dentate, nearly evenly- 
curved ; subterminal line whitish, excurved below vein 7 and at 
middle. Hind wing grey tinged with brown, a fine dark terminal 
line; the underside Avhitish thickly irrorated with brown, a brown 
discoidal spot and postmedial line incurved below vein 3. 

Bab. Tkajsisvaal, White li. (Cooke), 2 $ type. Ea^. 28 millim. 

3920. Athetis capicola. 

Spodaptera (ta/picola, Herr.-Schaff. Ausseveur. Schmett. f. 131 (18g0). 

Head and thorax whitish mixed with pale brown, the head 
Avhiter ; palpi black, white at tips ; abdomen grey sufiused with 
brown. Eore wing grey-white tinged with brown and slightly 
irrorated with fuscous ; subbasal line represented by small black 
spots below costa and cell ; antemedial line blackish with black 
spot at costa, oblique, sinuous ; orbicular a small round white spot 
with brown scales in centre; reniform an elliptical black spot 
defined by white ; an indistinct diffused medial line oblique from 
costa to reniform and incurved below the cell ; postmedial line fine, 
black defined slightly by white on onter side and with black spot 
at costa, bent outwards below costa, then dentate and produced to 
points on the veins, incurved below vein 4, some white points 
beyond it on costa ; the terminal area tinged with fuscous, the 
subterminal line indistinct, whitish defined on inner side by slight 
black marks, excurved below vein 7 and at middle ; a terminal 
series of black striae slightly defined by white on inner side. Hind 
wing whitish suffused with brown, the cilia paler ; the underside 
whitish, the costal area irrorated with brown, a slight discoidal 
lunnle. 

Hab. Cape Colony, Transkei {Miss F. Barrett), 3 J , 1 $ . Exp. 
26-28 millim. 

3921. Athetis rufipuncta. (Plate CXXIX. fig. 12.) 

Caradrina rvfipuncta, Hmpsn. Ann. S. Afr. Mus. ii. p. 300 (1902). 

cJ . Head and thorax gre3'-white slightly tinged with brown; 
2nd joint of palpi at sides and pectus in front blackish ; abdomen, 



304 xocTriD^';. 

white slightly irrorated with brown. Fore wing grey- white 
slightly irrorated with blackish ; subbasal line represented by some 
black scales below costa ; faint traces of an oblique sinuous ante- 
medial line ; orbicular a small round white spot with some rufous 
scales in centre ; reuiform a rufous bar slightly defined by white ; 
an indistinct oblique dark medial line from lower angle of cell to 
inner margin ; postmedial line represented by a series of slight 
blackish points, beut outwards below costa, excurved to vein 4, 
then oblique ; a subterminal series of slight blackish marks with 
Avhite points on their outer side, somewhat angled outwards at 
vein 7 and excarved at middle ; a terminal series of slight black 
points. Hind wing whitish sufl'used with brown ; the underside 
whiter tinged and irrorated with brown, traces of a discoidal point 
and postmedial series of minute streaks on the veins. 

Ilah. Cape Colony, 4nnshaw (Miss F. Barrett), 1 c5' type. Exp. 
28 millim. 

3922. Athetis poliostrota, n. sp. (Plate CXXIX. fig. 13.) 

c? . Head, thorax, and abdomen grey tinged with brown and 
irrorated with fuscous ; palpi black, the extremities of 2nd and 
3rd joints white; frons with lateral black bars; antennae black; 
metathorax with metallic blue-black patch ; tarsi black ringed 
with white. Fore wing grey tinged with reddish brown and irro- 
rated with black, the terminal area slightly darker; subbasal line 
represented by small black spots below costa and cell ; anteraedial 
line slight, black with small spot at costa, waved, excurved in sub- 
median interspace ; orbicular a black point ; reniform represented 
by two black points with white points on their inner side ; post- 
medial line represented by a series of black points, bent outwards 
below costa, then with series of black points beyond it on the veins, 
slightly incurved below vein 4 ; subterminal line faintly defined by 
fuscous on inner side and slightly excurved below vein 7 and at 
middle; a fine terminal black line. Hind wing white tinged with 
brown especially on the veins and terminal area ; a fine dark 
terminal line ; cilia white with a strong fuscous line at middle ; 
the underside white, the costal area and terminal area to vein 2 
irrorated with brown, a small discoidal spot and traces of waved 
postmedial line from apex to vein 4, 

Hah. Mashonalastd, Salisbury (MarsJiall), 1 J type. Exp. 
26 millim, 

3923. Athetis microtera. (Plate CXXIX. fig. 14.) 
Caradrina microtera, Hnipsn. Ann. S. Afr. Mus. ii. p. 301 (1902). 

Head and thorax white mixed wdth pale brown, the back of 
head yellowish ; palpi black, white at tips ; antennae blackish 
except basal joint ; tarsi brownish with pale rings ; abdomen 
whitish tinged with brown. Fore wing white thickly irrorated 
with pale brown, the terminal area tinged with fuscous ; subbasal 



ATHKTIS. 305 

line represented by stiiall black spots below costa and cell ; ante- 
medial line black with small spot at costa, waved, erect ; orbicular 
a small round blackish annulus ; reniform small, slightly defined 
by black ; traces of an oblique medial line from cell to inner 
margin ; postraedial line black with small spot at costa, bent out- 
wards below costa, then dentate, oblique below vein 4, some pale 
points beyond it on costa ; subterminal line slightly defined by 
fuscous on inner side, excurved below vein 7 and at middle ; a 
terminal series of black points. Hind wing white, the apex tinged 
with brown ; a fine terminal dark line from apex to vein 2 ; cilia 
tinged with brown at apex ; the underside with the apical area 
irrorated with brown. 

Hub. Mashonaland, Salisbury {Marshall), 1 c? , 2 $ type. 
E.vp. 26 millim. 

3924. Athetis tenebrata. (Plate CXXIX. fig. 15.) 
Caradrina tenebrata, Hmpsn. Ann. S. Afr. Mus. ii. p. 301 (1902). 

Head, thorax, and abdomen red-bi-own mixed with some whitish ; 
palpi blackish at sides ; tibiae and tarsi blackish, the latter ringed 
with white. Fore wing reddish brown tinged with grey and 
slightly irrorated with fuscous ; subbasal line black defi'ned bj- grej' 
on outer side, curved, from costa to submedian fold ; antemedial 
line double, blackish, the lines widely separated and filled in with 
grey, slightly excurved below costa and cell ; orbicular and reniform 
represented bj^ some rufous sufiusion ; a diffused blackish medial 
shade; postmedial line double, blackish, the lines widely sejDarated 
and filled in with grey, bent outwards below costa, then oblique 
and slightly sinuous ; subterminal line slightly defined by brown 
on inner side and somewhat angled outwards at vein 7 and excurved 
at middle ; a fine pale line at base of cilia. Hind wing whitish 
suff'used with reddish brown especially on the veins and terminal 
area, a fine dark terminal line ; cilia brownish at base, whitish at 
tips ; the underside white, the costal and terminal areas thickly 
irrorated with red-brown, a large black discoidal lunule and slightly 
sinuous brown postmedial line. 

Hah. Capk CoLosrr, Transkei {Miss F. Barrett), 1 (5' , 1 § type. 
Exp. 28 millim. 

3925. Athetis expolita. (Plate CXXIX. fig. 16.) 

Caradrina exjiolita, Biitl. A. M. N. H. (4) xvii. p. 407 (1876). 

5 . Head, thorax, and abdomen reddish brown mixed with some 
greyish ; palpi black at sides, white in front and at tips ; pectus, 
legs, and ventral surface of abdomen whitish irrorated with brown. 
Fore wing reddish brown mixed with grey and slightly irrorated 
with fuscous ; subbasal line slight, black, from costa to vein 1 ; 
antemedial line slight, black, oblique from costa to median nervure, 
then erect : orbicular absent ; reniform a faint dark lunule with 

VOL. VIII. X 



306 NOCTUIDiE. 

oblique fuscous shade from it to inner margin ; postmedial line 
black, slight, with small spot at costa and series of points beyond it 
on the veins, slightly excurved from costa to vein 4, then slightly 
incurved ; subterminal line faintly defined by fuscous on inner side, 
slightly excurved below vein 7 and at middle ; a terminal series of 
slight black points. Hind wing whitish tinged with yellow-brown 
especially on the veins and termen ; cilia whitish with brown line 
near base ; the underside whitish, the costal and terminal areas 
irrorated with brown, a small discoidal spot, postmedial series of 
minute streaks on the veins and terminal series of points from apex 
to vein 2. 

Hah. EoDKiGUEZ {Gulliver), 1 $ type. Exp. 28 millim. 

3926. Athetis externa. (Plate CXXIX. fig. 17.) 
Orihosia externa, Wlk. xxxiii. 715 (1865) ; Hmpsn. Moths Ind. ii. p. 265. 

(5 . Head and thorax rufous slightlj^ mixed with greyish ; palpi 
fuscous brown ; tarsi fuscous wdth pale rings ; abdomen pale 
greyish rufous mixed with some fuscous. Eore wing rufous 
slightly irrorated with fuscous ; subbasal line fuscous, curved, from 
costa to submedian fold ; antemedial line fuscous, angled outwards 
below costa, then oblique and angled slightly inwards on vein 1 ; 
orbicular a small fuscous spot ; reniform a fuscous bar somewhat 
constricted at middle ; medial line rather diffused, dark, oblique 
from costa to reniform and somewhat incurved below the cell ; 
postmedial line slight, blackish, ■bent outwards below costa, then 
oblique and with black points beyond it on the veins ; subterminal 
line yellowish defined on inner side by red-brown, oblique, nearly 
straight ; a terminal series of minute black points ; cilia fuscous 
brown. Hind wing reddish brown with a greyish tinge, the cilia 
more ochreous ; the underside greyish tinged with ochreous and 
irrorated with brown, a blackish discoidal lunule, waved postmedial 
line, and terminal series of small black lunules. 

Hah. SiKHiM, 5 cJ . Exp. 32-36 millim. 



3927. Athetis cervina. (Plate CXXIX. fig. 18.) 

Ilattia cervina, Moore, P. Z. S. 1881, p. 348, pi. 38. f. 12 ; llmpsD. Mctlis 
Ind. ii. p. 266. 

2 . Head and thorax cupreous brown slightly tinged with grey ; 
palpi, pectus, legs, and abdomen grey-brown. Pore wing cupreous 
brown ; subbasal line indistinct, straight, from costa to submedian 
fold ; antemedial line brown, angled outwards below costa and in- 
wards in cell, then excurved ; orbicular small, defined by rufous and 
somewhat elliptical ; reniform a small lunule obscured by a diffused 
rufous patch ; an indistinct medial shade, oblique from costa to lower 
angle of cell, then inwardly oblique ; postmedial line brown, slightly 
bent outwards below costa, then minutely dentate, excurved to vein 4, 
then incurved, some faint pale points beyond it on costa ; subterminal 



ATHETIS. 307 

line whitish defined on inner side bj^ z'ufous, almost straight ; a fine 
terminal brown line ; cilia with a tine white line at base. Hind 
wing greyish suffused with cupreous brown ; a fine brown terminal 
line ; cilia with a fine whitish line at base ; the underside whitish 
thickly irrorated and suffused with cupreous brown, a dark discoidal 
lunule and indistinct curved postmedial line. 

Hah. SiKHiM {Atkinson), 1 5 type. Ex^i. 30 millim. 

3928. Athetis castaneipars. (Plate CXXIX. fig. 19.) 

TiBniocampa castaneipars, Moore, Lep. Atk. p. 122 (1882) ; Hmpsn. Motlis 
lud. ii. p. 266. 

5 . Head and thorax red-brown, the latter with a slight purplish 
gloss except on tegulse ; pectus whitish tinged with rufous ; tarsi 
ringed with whitish; abdomen whitish suft'used with brown, the 
extremity and ventral surface more oofireous. Fore wing red- 
brown strongly glossed with purple except on terminal half of costa 
and terminal area; subbasal li.je slight, brown, minutely waved, 
from costa to vein 1 ; antemedial line brown, minutely waved, 
oblique ; orbicular and reniform absent ; a diffused brown medial 
shade, oblique from costa to lower angJe of cell, then incurved ; 
postmedial line slightly bent outwards below costa, then minutely 
dentate, excurved to vein 4, then incurved ; a fine deep red terminal 
line ; cilia with a slight pale line at base, the tips red. Hind wini; 
ochreous white, the veins and terminal area tinged wdth brown ; a 
slight discoidal point ; the underside with small discoidal spot and 
indistinct curved postmedial line. 

Hah. SiKHiM, 1 § type, Exp. 32 millim. 

Si'.CT. IV. Antennae of male ciliated. 

A. Fore wing of male with slight fovea in end of cell and groove beyond t,lie 
cell below vein 6. 

3929. Athetis foveata, n, sp, ' 

cT . Head, thorax, and abdomen ochreous white ; palpi black at 
sides, white in front and at tips ; antennae black ; tarsi black ringed 
with white. Fore wing ochreous white irrorated with a few brown 




Athetis foveata, t^. 



scales, the terminal area suffused with browm ; subbasal and ante- 
medial lines represented by black points on costa; orbicular absent ; 
reniform very small and faintly defined by brown ; an indistinct 



xii 



(308 XOCTTJID^. 

sinuous brown line from lower angle of cell to inner margin ; post- 
medial line very indistinct, brownish with bluck point at costa, bent 
outwards below costa, then oblique ; subterminal line indistinct, 
pale, defined on inner side by brown suffusion, excurved below 
vein 7 and at middle ; a terminal series of black strise ; cilia brown 
at base, pale at tips. Hind wing yellowish white, the terminal 
area tinged with brown from apex to vein 2 ; a fine brown terminal 
line ; cilia brownish at apex ; the underside with the costal area 
slightly irrorated with brown, the apex tinged with brown. 

5 . Head, thorax, abdomen, and fore wing much more strongly 
irrorated with brown, the last with slight subbasal line from costa 
to submedian fold and traces of an oblique sinuous antemedial line 
and of a minute brownish orbicular stigma. 

Hah. Tkansvaal, White E. (Coole), 1 ,^,1 $. Exj-). d 22, 
5 24 millim. 

B. Hind wing of male without secondary sexual characters. 
a. Fore wing witli the reniform with pale anniilus. 
a'. Fore wing with the reniibrui filled in with black. 
a''. Fore wing M-ith the black centre of reniform 

broken up by pale streaks on the veins dehcta, 

h-. Fore wing with the black centre of reniform 

bisected by a pale streak at middle consjncua. 

c~. Fore wing with the black centre of reniform 
entire. 
a^. Fore wing with dentate black marks on inner 

side of subterminal line towards costa triquetra. 

Ifi. Fore wing without dentate black marks on 

inner side of subterminal line towards costa . atriluna. 
l>^. Fore wing with the reniform not filled in with 
black. 
a-. Fore wing with the reniform constricted at middle 
and angled inwards on median nervure. 
a^. Fore wing with the orbicular black with white 
annnlus. 
a*. Hind wing white, the apex suffused with 

brown govwiephra. 

h^. Hind wing uniform brown prceiexia. 

h^. Fore wing with the orbicular reduced to a 

slight pale point coniusa. 

l)~. Fore wing with the reniform not constricted at 
middle or angled inwards on median nervure. 
a-*. Hind wing uniform brown. 

a**. Fore wing with waved whitish terminal 

line placcda. 

h-*. Fore wing without waved whitish terminal 
line. 
«°. Fore wing with the subtei-minal line 

almost straight divisa. 

b^. Fore wing with the subterminal line 

sinuous furvida. 

Ifi. Hind wing whitish tinged with brown especially 
on terminal area, 
ft"*. Fore wing witliout distinct black spots on 
costa at ante- and postmedial lines. 
a^. Fore M'ing not strongly irrorated with 
black. 



309 



a". Fore wing ocbreous tinged with rufous; 

hind wing brownish ochreous alsines. 

b^. Fore wing red-brosvn tinged witli grey; 
hind wing white, the terminal area 

suffused with brown hlanda. 

c5. Fore wing whitish tinged with rufous ; 

hind wing ahnost wholly white cunhigua. 

b°. Fore wing strongly irrorated with black . super^tes. 
/>*. Fore wing with distinct black spots on costa 

at ante- and postmedial lines respcrsa. 

h. Fore wing with the reniform defined by more or less 
prominent white points. 
a'. Hind wing wholly suffused with brown. 

a-. Fore wing with the ground-colour not yellow. 
a^. Fore wing with prominent white spot on sub- 
terminal line above tornus leitcosticta. 

b^. Fore wing without white spot on subterminal 
line above tornus. 
«•*. Fore wing with the reniform filled in with 
deep rufous. 
«•'. Fore wing nearly uniform red-brown. 
0.5. Fore wing dark red-brown ; antennaj of 

male mmutely ciliated intcrstuiota. 

W. Fore wing greyer ; antenme of male 

with long cilia longkiliata. 

/>'. Fore wing pale rufous or greyish varie- 
gated with deep rufous or brown fasclata. 

/;■*. Fore wing with the reniform eoncolorous. 
«■'. Fore wing with small white spot on outer 
edge of reniform with white points above 

and below it satcUitia. 

b^. Fore wing with the reniform defined by 

slight white ])oinfs covfurmis. 

h". Fore wing yellow suffused with rufous piol iiwnaris. 

b^. Hind wing white, the terminal area suffused with 
brown. 
a^. Fore wing with distinct black spot on costa at 
medial line. 

u^. Fore wing yellow tinged with red fiava. 

b^. Fore wing not yellow tinged with red. 

a*. Fore wing with the postmedial area suffuspd 
with fuscous and darker than the ground- 
colour. 
a^. Fore wing with the terminal area suffused 

with fuscous fusca. 

is. Fore wing with the terminal area not 

suffused with fuscous iiiorosa. 

b*. Fore wing with the postmedial area not 
darker than the ground-colour, 
a*. Fore wing with the reniforoi filled in with 

black reheli. 

b^. Fore wing with the reniform not filled in 
with black. 
flS. Fore wing not, or hardly, irrorated with 
black. 
«7. Fore wing whitish grey without 

ochreous or brown tinge rougemonti. 

b^ . Fore wing more or less strongly 
tinged with brown or ochreous. 
a*. Fore wing with the subterminal line 
defined on inner side by slight 
dentate rufous njarks. 



310 NOCitJIDili;. 



a^. Fiire wing white faintly tinged 

with bi-own Jurast^ica. 

b^. Fore wing purplish brown 
suffused with grey, the sub- 
terminal line grey aud con- 
tinuous selini. 

c^. Fore wing ochreous brown 
suffused with grey, the sub- 
terminal line formed of och- 
reous points flavircna. 

ffi. Fore wing with the subterminal 
line defined on inner side by 

fuscous vuUsMcgcli. 

Fore wing distinctly irrorated with 

black. 
'v. Hind wing slightly tinged with brown 
especially in female. 
a^. Fore wing grey faintly tinged with 
ochreous brown. 
a^. Fore wing with the medial line 

strong, black sdinokles. 

b^. Fore wing with the medial line 
much less prominent. 
a^^. Fore wing with the dentate 
marks before subterminal line 
black. 
a}^. Fore wing with the sub- 
terminal line not angled 
inwards and forming a dark 

mark at discal fold menefriesi. 

h^'^. Fore wing with the sub- 
terminal line angled in- 
wards and forming a dark 

mark at discal fold brcmusa. 

6'o. Fore wing with the dentate 
marks before subterminal line 

rufous , mxdtifera. 

6". Fore wing much more strongly 
tinged with ochreous brown. 
a^. Fore wing with the subterminal 
line defined on inner side by 

dentate rufous marks himaleyica. 

P. Fore wing with the subterminal 
line defined on inner side by 

fuscous chinensis. 

h'l . Hind wing pure white, the veins and 
teiunen only tinged with brown. 
0.8. Fore wing distinctly tinged with 

ochreous brown clavipaljois. 

h^. Fore wing whitish slightly tinged 
with ochreous. 
r/-'. Fore wing with the terminal area 

suffused with fuscous extima. 

h^. Fore wing with the terminal area 

not suffused with fuscous grisca. 

c^. Fore wing grey with hardly any 
brown or ochreous tinge. 
«■'. Fore wing with the terminal area 

n ot suffused with fuscou s hispan ica. 

b^. Fore wing with the terminal area 

suffused with fuscous ivcjraln. 



ATHETIS. 311 

^2. Fore wing without black spot on costa at medial 
line. 
a-^. Hind wing pure white, the termen not suffused 

with brown alhma. 

b^. Hind wing with the termen suffused with 
brown, 
ft''. Fore wing with Yerj prominent dentate 
black marks before middle of snbterminal 

line tcrrea. 

h*. Fore wing with much less distinct dentate 
rufous marks before middle of subteruiinal 

line fuscicornis. 

c^. Fore wing with the snbterminal line repre- 
sented by slight dentate black marks inelanosticta. 

d*. Fore wing with slight fuscous shade before 
subteraiinal line. 
a^. Fore wing with tlie gronnd-colour 

ochreous white jlavipwncia. 

b'". Fore wing grey suffused with brown. 
0-6, Fore wing with the postmedial line 
excurved from below costa to vein 4. 
cii. Fore wing with deep orange spot on 

outer edge of reni form croceipmida,. 

b'. Fore wing with slight yellowish spot 
on outer edge of reniform. 
(fi. Fore wing with the orbicular a 

small indistinct spot germ liiii. 

b^. Fore wing with the orbicular a 
black point. 
ap. Fore wing with the postmedial 
line minutely dentate, 
a'o. Fore wing without series of 
black points beyond post- 
medial line obtusa. 

iio. Fore wing with series of black 
points beyond postmedial 

line ignava. 

b^. Fore wing w<th the postmedial 

line not dentate pigra. 

c'. Fore wing with sliglit white spot on 

outer edge of reniform sincera. 

b^. Fore wing with the postmedial line 
straight from below costa to vein 4. 
a'!. Fore wing with the antemedial line 

angled inwards on vein I placida. 

b'. Fore wing with the antemedial line 

not angled inwards on vein 1 cognaia. 

c'. Fore wing yellowish suffused with rufous . singula,. 
dfi. Fore wing blackish. 

tt^. Fore wing with orange spot on outer 

edge of reniform heliaMis. 

b^. Fore wing with slight white lunule on 

outer edge of reniform anomcsosis. 

Fore wing with the reniform not defined by white 

points. 
a}. Fore wing with the reniform white. 

({2. Fore wing without black lunule in centre of 

reniform albirenci. 

b^. Fore wing with black lunule in centre of reni- 
form leucoiiephra. 



312 TJOCTTJIDiE. 

b^. Fore wing with tlie reniform Glled in wilJi black. 
a'~. Hind wing white, the terminal area more or less 
suffused with brown. 
«3. Fore wing with black lunule on outer edge of 

reniform and two black jjoints on inner edge . bicornis. 
b^. Fore wing without black points on inner edge 
of reniform. 
«/*. Fore wing with the orbicular a black point . meralis. 
b*. Fore wing with the oi'bicular a black spot. 
u°. Fore wing with the postmedial Hue not 

dentate onelan opis. 

b^. Fore wing with the postmedial line 
minutely dentate, 
a". Fore wing without black streak in discal 

fold beyond postmedial line glauca. 

b^. Fore wing with black streak in discal 

fold beyond posimedial line melancphra, 

b^. Hind wing wholly suffused with brown. 

«3. Fore wing with the reniform a black lunide ... atrircna. 
b'^. Fore wing with the reniform an elliptical 
fuscous spot. 

«■*. Fore wing rufous suffused with fuscous absorhcns. 

b-^. Fore wing grey suffused with brown jjaUicoi^nis. 

c^. Fore wing with the reniform not filled in with 
black, 
a-. Fore wing with black spot on costa at medial 
line. 
a^. Fore wing yellowish white not irrorated with 

black, the lines indistinct ^jer^'t'waj?. 

i^. Fore wing ochreous wiiite irrorated with black, 

the lines with black spots on them vicina. 

c^. Fore wing greyish ochreous largely suffused 

with fuscous, the lines indistinct fuscous ... jiavifincta. 
b'^. Fore wing without black spot on costa at medial 
line. 
g3. Fore wing with the orbicular a small dark sjjot. 
«■*. Fore wing with the subterminal line nearly 

st ra igl 1 1 sUjgia. 

c(fl. Foie wing with the subterminal line 
sinuous. 

cfi. Fore wing grey paupera. 

b^. Fore wing greyish ochreous morfheus. 

c^. Fore wing red- brown. 

a'. Fore wing without medial shade (sschria. 

b'<. Fore wing with oblique medial shade 

from ceil to inner margin nitens. 

cP. Fore wing black-brown funesia. ^ 

i3. Fore wing with the orbicular a black point. 
«■*. Fore wing without dark spot beyond post- 
medial line in discal fold. 
a^. Fore wing greyish suffused with dark 
brown. 
«•>. Hind wing wholly tinged with brown. 
a''. Fore wing with the postmedial line 

strongly bent outwards below costa . glutcom. 
b''. Fore wing with the postn)edial line 

oblique from costa to vein 6 tarda. 

b^. Hind wing white, the costal area and in 
female the terminal area tinged with 

brown sminiha. 

&'. Fore wing whitish tinged wilh brown and 

irrorated with black aspersa. 



A THETIS, 313 

h^. Fore win^ witli dark spot beyond postinedial 
line in discal fold. 
a*. Fore wing with the terminal area con- 

colorous macidatra. 

Ifl. Fore wing with the terminal area suffused 

with dark reddish brown himcicida. 

c^. Fore wing with the orbicular absent. 

a*. Fore wing dark cupreous brown maurella. 

h^. Fore wing suffused with reddish brown. 
a*. Fore wing with the medial shade very 

indistinct liijpcrcEschra. 

b^. Fore wing with the medial shade pro- 
minent vrn-iana. 

c*. Fore wing pale grey gllva. 

d*. Fore wing yellowish white. 

(1^. Fore wing with dark medial shade drasteroides. 

h^. Fore wing without medial shade Jixscni. 

d'^. Fore wing with the orbicular a small rufous 

spot casearia. 

d. Fore wing with the renifonn absent melanurina. 

3930. Athetis delecta. 

Caradrina delecta, Moore, P. Z. S. 1881, p. 349, pi. 38. f. 15 ; Hmpsn. 
Moths Ind. ii. p. 261. 

Head and thorax white tinged and slightly irrorated •with 
brown ; palpi blackish at sides except at tips ; antennae fuscous ; 
abdomen whitish tinged with brown. Fore wing whitish tinged 
with pale brown and very slightly irrorated with fuscous, the 
terminal area somewhat browner ; subbasal line black, excurved 
below costa and ending at submedian fold ; antemedial line fine, 
black, oblique, sinuous ; orbicular black defined by white and 
broken up by white into three spots ; reniform black broken iip by 
white into three spots on inner side and four on outer ; an indistinct 
sinuous medial line ; postraedial line slight, blackish and with 
small black spot at costa, bent outwards below costa, then with 
series of black points beyond it ou the veins, oblique, and slightly 
incurved at submedian fold ; a prominent white subterminal line 
slightly incurved below vein 3; a terminal series of black points 
with white points on inner side ; cilia with a fine white line at 
base. Hind wing white, the veins and marginal areas tinged with 
brown, a slight discoidal point ; cilia whitish with a slight brown 
line through them ; the underside with the costal and terminal 
areas slightly irrorated with brown, a small discoidal spot and 
postmedial series of minute streaks on the veins. 

Hah. C. China, Fu-chau (Leech), 1 $ ; Punjab, I\ulu, Sultanjjur 
(6r. Young), 2 5, Umballa; Sikhim (Dudgeon), 1 J, 1 $. 
B.vp. 30 millim. 

3931. Athetis conspicua. (Plate CXXIX. fig. 20.) 

Orthosia conspicua, Leech, Trans. Ent. Soc. 1900, p. 79. 

Head and thorax reddish brown mixed with grey ; palpi dark 
brown at sides, whitish in front and at extremities of 2nd and 



314 X0CT1JIDJ3. 

Srd joints ; tibiae at extremity and tarsi ringed with white ; 
abdomen grey-brown. Fore wing purplish grey thickly irrorated 
with brown, the postmedial costal area and terminal area suffused 
with red-brown ; a black subbasal line from costa to subraedian 
fold, slightly escurved below costa ; antemedial line black, strong 
at costa, then slight and interrupted, oblique, and slightly angled 
inwards on the veins ; orbicular and reniform deep black with 
white annuli defined by black scales, the former large, irregularly 
rounded, the latter narrow, bisected by a white streak at middle 
and angled inwards on median nervure ; a diffused red-brown 
medial line, oblique from costa to reniform and angled inwards in 
subraedian fold ; postmedial line with black spot on costa, then 
reduced to a series of black points and striae with series of black 
points beyond them on the veins followed hj a grey shade, slightlv 
bent outwards below costa, then slightly excurved to vein 4 and 
approximated to reniform, oblique to submedian fold, then some- 
what excurved ; subterminal line white defined on inner sid9 by a 
red-brown line, very slightly excurved ; a fine waved grey line 
just before termen ; a fine brown terminal line ; cilia with grey 
line at base followed by a brown line. Hind wing pale reddish 
brown, the terminal area somewhat darker ; cilia with yellowish 
line at base followed by a brown line ; the underside whitish 
tinged and irrorated with brown, the terminal area suffused with 
brown except towards tornus, a blackish discoidal spot and in- 
distinct sinuous postmedial line. 

Ilab. W. China, Chang-yang (Pratt), 1 (^ type, Chia-kou-ho 
(Pratt), 1 d , 2 $ , Ta-chien-lu (Pratt), 2 $ . E.iy.. 32 millim. 

3932. Athetis triquetra. (Plate CXXIX. fig. 21.) 

Pyrophila triqicctra, Grote, Papilio, iii. p. 78 (1883) ; Smith, Cat. Kocfc. 
N. Am. p. I'JT. 

(S . Head and thorax grey tinged with brown and mixed with 
some fuscous ; palpi black at sides, whitish in front and at tips ; 
antennte black ; pe'^.tus and legs whitish mixed with some brown, 
the tarsi fuscous ringed with white ; abdomen grey suii'used with 
brown. Fore wing grey tinged with brown and irrorated with 
fuscous ; subbasal line represented by a slight dark striga from 
costa ; antemedial line indistinctly double filled in with grey, the 
outer line with small blackish spot at costa, oblique, sinuous ; 
orbicular and reniform large, fuscous with whitish annuli, the 
former round, the latter elliptical; postmedial line blackish defined 
by whitish on outer side, double towards costa and the inner line 
with small black spot at costa, bent outwards below costa, slightly 
angled inwards at discal fold, incurved below vein 4, the costa 
beyond it whitish; subterminal line indistinct, pale, defined on 
inner side by a black patch at costa with small spot below it and 
Avedge-shaped patch at discal fold, then slightly by fuscous, very 
slightly angled outwards at vein 7, then somewhat oblique ; a 



ATHETIS. 315 

fine blackish ierminal line and white line at base of cilia. Hind 
wing whitish, the terminal area tinged with brown from apex to 
submedian fold ; a brown terminal line ; cilia brown at apex, then 
white with yellowish line at base followed by some brown ; the 
underside with the costal area irrorated with brown, a small black 
discoidal spot and terminal series of slight lunules from apex to 
vein 2. 

IJah. U.S.A., Arizona, Huachnca Mts., 3 J . Exp. 30 millim. 



3933. Athetis atriluna. 

Caradrii\a atriluna, Giien. Noct. i. p. 252 (1852). 

Caradrina indicata, Wlk. x. 299 (1856). 

Caradrina infusca, Rmbr. Cat. Lep. S. And. pb 11. f. 5 (1858). 

Caradrina mediterranecB, Beth. -Baker, Trans. Ent. See. 1894, p. 42, pi. 1. 

f. 11; Stand. Cat. Lep. paL p. 196. 
Caradrina distincta, Staud. Iris, x. p. 286, pi. 4. f. 21 (1897) ; id. Cat. 

Lep. pal. p. 196. 

Head and thorax whitish suffused with pale red-brown, the 
head whiter ; palpi black, white at tips ; antenna brown except at 
l)ase ; abdomen pale brown. Fore wing grey tinged with brown 
and with slight derk irroration, the terminal area somewhat darker; 
a black point at base of costa ; subbasal line represented by black 
points below costa and cell ; traces of an oblique sinuous antemedial 
line with small black spot at costa ; orbicular absent ; reniform a 
narrow black lunule with slight white annulus defined at sides by- 
some black scales ; a small medial black spot on costa ; postmedial 
line indistinct, dark, faintly defined by Avhitish on outer side and 
with small black spot at costa, bent outwards below costa, then 
minutely dentate, excurved to vein 4, then oblique, some whitish 
points beyond it on costa ; subterminal line represented bv some 
whitish points towards costa ; traces of a terminal series of dark 
points ; cilia with a fine white line at base. Hind wing white, the 
apex tinged with brown ; a fine brown terminal line ; the underside 
with the costal area slightly irrorated with brown, a terminal series 
of dark points from apex to vein 2. 

Hab. ? Spain, Andalusia ; St. Heles-a ( Wollaston'), 1 c? , 3 5 , type 
indicata ; Egypt, Alexandria, type f mediterranece in Coll. Bethune- 
Baker, Cairo (Graves), 1 d ; Palestine ; Abyssinia ; Br, E. Ai'rica 
(Gregory), 1 (^ , Kibauni (Craivshay), 16, Machakos (Crawshay), 
1 J, 1 $, jSTeugia (Crawshay), 1 $ , Eb Urru (Betton), 1 2; 
Mashonaland, Salisbury (Dohhie), 1 5 ; Transvaal (Cholmley), 1 $ ; 
C. Colony, Deelfontein (Sloggett), 2 $ , Simonstown (de la Garde), 
1 c? . Ely- 24-32 millim. 



3934, Athetis gonionephra, n, sp, (Plate CXXIX. fig. 22.) 

S . Head, thorax, and abdomen whitish mixed with brown ; 
palpi with the 2nd joint black at sides; antennse black; tarsi 



316 NOCTUIDiE. 

slightly ringed with white. Fore wing pale grey-brown with a 
cupreous gloss, the veins somewhat darker ; subbasal line repre- 
sented by a black striga from costa and spot below the cell ; ante- 
medial line black, with black spot at costa, slightly angled outwards 
below costa and in submedian fold and inwards on median nervure 
and vein 1 ; orbicular fuscous defined by some white scales, round ; 
reniform with pale centre defined by fuscous, with slight white 
annulus, constricted at middle and angled inwards on median 
nervure ; a slight oblique sinuous medial line from lower angle of 
cell to inner margin; postmedial line black, bent outwards below 
costa, then dentate and produced to black points on the veins, 
oblique below vein 4 ; subterminal line indistinct, ochreous defined 
on inner side by fuscous suffusion, angled outwards at vein 7 and 
excurved at middle ; a terminal series of black striae ; cilia fuscous 
mixed with greyish. Hiiid wing white, the costal area suffused 
w^ith brown, the veins and a fine terminal line broivn ; cilia brown 
with a fine white line at base, wholly white towards tornus ; the 
xmderside with the costal area irrorated with brown. 

Hab. Natal, Maritsburg (QuecJcetf), 1 (S type. E.vp. 24 millim. 



3935. Athetis prsetexta. (Plate CXXIX. fig. 23.) 

Caraclrina prcetexta, Swiiih. A. M. N. H. (7) xv. p. 152 (1905). 

Head and thorax grey tinged with brown ; palpi blackish at sides 
except at tips ; tarsi blackish ringed with w"hite ; abdomen grey 
suffused with dark brown, the anal tuft of male yellow. Fore wing 
grey-white irrorated and in parts suffused with red-brown ; sub- 
basal line double filled in with whitish, waved, from costa to sub- 
median fold ; antemedial line double filled in with whitish, angled 
outwards below costa and excurved below submedian fold ; orbicular 
a black point defined by whitish ; reniform chocolate-brown with 
whitish annulus, constricted at middle and slightly angled inwards 
on median nervure ; a waved dark medial shade ; postmedial line 
double filled in with whitish, slightly bent outwards below costa, 
then produced to double black points on the veins, oblique below 
vein 4, some whitish points beyond it on costa ; subterminal line 
whitish defined on inner side by red-brown, slightlj^ angled out- 
wards below costa and excurved at middle; terminal area suffused 
with brown ; a terminal series of small black lunules slightly 
defined on inner side b}- whitish : cilia brown with a waved white 
line through them. Hind wing greyish suffused with brown, an 
indistinct discoidal lunule ; a terminal series of slight dark lunules 
from apex to vein 2 ; cilia yellowish white with a brown line 
through them ; the underside greyish irrorated with brown, a large 
dark discoidal spot, minutely waved postmedial line, incurved below 
vein 2, traces of a subterminal band and a tei'minal series of small 
black lunules. 

Hah. Assam, Khiisis, 1 c? , 1 $ type. Eay. 32 millim. 



317 



3936. Athetis contusa. 



Noctua contusa, Frr. Neue Beitr. pi. 534. f . 2 & pi. 550 (1849) ; Herr.- 
Schaff. Eur. Schniett., Noct. fF. 517, 518; Guen. Noct. ii. p. 5, pi. 7. 
f. 4 ; Stand. Cat. Lep. pal. p. 204. 

Head and thorax pale red-brown mixed with gi-ey ; pectus paler ; 
abdomen grey tinged with brown. Fore wing pale red-brown 
tinged with grey and with slight dark irroration, the terminal area 
rather darker ; subbasal line represented by a slight dark striga 
from costa ; antemedial line dark, excurved below costa and above 
inner margin and incurved in submedian interspace ; orbicular a 
pale point faintly defined by brown ; reniform dark with faint pale 
annulus, narrow above, constricted at middle and triangular below; 
a diffused dark medial shade, oblique from costa to lower angle of 
cell, then inwardly oblique ; postmedial line brown defined by 
greyish on outer side, oblique from costa to vein 4, then inwardly 
oblique ; subterminal line pale defined on inner side by brown, 
slightly excurved below vein 7 and at middle and angled inwards 
at discal and submedian folds. Hind wing greyish suffused with 
brown, the cilia pale at tips ; the underside whitish tinged and 
slightly irrorated with brown, a narrow discoidal lunule and diiFused 
curved postmedial line. 

Hah. Germany, Zeller & D'Emmick Colls. ; E. Siberia, Dahuria, 
Ussuri. Exp. 32-38 miliim. 

Larva. Kirbv, Butt. & Moths Eur. p. 186; H£fm. Raup. p. 115, pi. 31, 
f. 10. 

Pale green, whitish above ; dorsal line pale, dull ; lateral stripe 
white ; warts white. Eood-plant : Popidus tremulus, between 
united leaves. 5. 



3937. Athetis placata. (Plate CXXIX. fig. 24.) 

Orthopia 'placata, Leecli, Trans. Ent. Soc. 1900, p. 79. 

(5 . Head and thorax brown largely mixed with grey; palpi 
black-brown at sides, grey in front ; tarsi ringed with white ; anal 
tuft tinged with rufous. Fore w'ing grey irrorated with brown 
and blackish, especially on costal and terminal areas ; subbasal line 
represented by faiiit double dark strite from costa ; antemedial line 
very indistinct, oblique, double at costa ; orbicular and reniform 
large with brownish centres and whitish annuli, the former round ; 
a faint oblique dark medial shade ; postmedial line represented by 
a double series of black points, bent outwards below costa and 
incurved below vein 4, some whitish points beyond it on costa ; 
subterminal line white defined by red-brown on inner side, oblique, 
very slightly curved ; a terminal series of small black lunules 
defined by a waved whitish line ; cilia with two slight whitish lines 
at middle and white tips. Hind wing grey-brown, the terminal 
area rather darker ; a fine brown terminal line; cilia Avith fine 
ochreous line at base and white tips ; the underside grey-Avhite 



318 N0CTCIDJ5. 

thickly irroratecl with brown, a brown discoidal spot and curved 
postmedial line. 

liah. W. China, Chia-kou-ho {Pratt), 1 § type. Exp. 3S millim. 

3938. Athetis divisa. (Plate CXXIX. fig. 25.) 

Ipimorpha divisa, Moore, Lep. Atk. p. 123 (1882); Hnipsn. Moths Ind. ii. 
p. 2(i5. 

Head and thorax reddish brown mixed with grey; palpi blackish ; 
tegulse and prothoracic crest with slight whitish tips ; tarsi black 
ringed with white ; abdomen grey-brown. Fore wing reddish 
brown tinged with grey and with slight dark irroratiou ; subbasal 
line whitish, slightly excurved below costa and ending at submedian 
told, a slight oblique whitish striga beyond it in cell ; antemedial 
line blackish defined by white on inner side, oblique, almost straight; 
orbicular and reniform large with white annuli, the former round, 
the latter elliptical ; a faint diffused dark medial shade ; postmedial 
line dark defined by white on outer side and with slight dark poiits 
beyond it on the veins, excurved from costa to vein 4, then slightly 
incurved, some pale points beyond it on costa ; subterminal line 
white defined by brown on inner side, oblique, almost straight ; 
a terminal series of minute black lunules ; cilia with fine yellowish 
line at base. Hind wing grey suffused with brown ; cilia whitish ; 
the underside whitish irrorated with brown, the costal area suffused 
with brown and irrorated with whitish, a blackish discoidal lunule 
and diffused postmedial and subterminal lines. 

Hab. Kashmir, Narkundah (Leech), 1 cj , 3 5; Punjai!, Simla, 
Ic?, 1$ type, Dharmsala {Hock'uig), Id", 8 $. Exp. 28 -3a 
millim. 

3939. Athetis furvula. 

Noctua fiirvula, Hiibn. Eur. Selimett., Noct. f. 390 (1808). 

ISoctua dasychira, Hiibn. Eur. Schmett., Noct. i". 634 (1818). 

Caradrina leiita, Treit. Schmett. Eur. t. (2) p. 257 (1825) ; Hiibn. Eur. 

Schmett., Noct. f. 825 (1834) ; Frr. Beitr. pi. 47 ; Diip. Lep. Fr., Suppl. 

iii. p. 305, pi. 28. f. 3 ; Stand. Cat. Lep. pal. p. 198. 
Caradrina lentina, Staud. Stett. ent. Zeit. 1888, p. 255. 

Head and thorax grey mixed with red-brown ; palpi black, 
whitish at tips ; antennse ringed black and white at base ; tarsi 
fuscous with slight pale rings ; abdomen red-brown with slight 
greyish segmental lines. Pore wing greyish thickly irrorated with 
brown, the postmedial and terminal areas suffused with brown ; 
subbasal line brown, angled outwards below costa and ending at 
submedian fold ; antemedial line blackish with stronger bar from 
costa, oblique, waved, angled inwards at vein 1 ; orbicular a black 
point defined by whitish ; reniform dark brown with some whitish 
scales on edges, elliptical ; a diffused dark medial shade from costa 
to reniform and lower angle of cell to inner margin ; postmedial 
line blackish, bent outwards below cosf a, then dentate and produced 
to points on the veins, slightly incurved at discal fold, incurved 



319 



below vein 4, some whitish points beyond it on costa ; subterminal 
line whitish defined on inner side by dark reddish brown, oblique 
towards costa, angled outwards at vein 7 and excnrved at middle ; 
a terminal series of small black lunules defined on inner side by a 




Fig. 95. — Afhetis furvula, (^ . \. 

fine waved white line. Hind wing greyish suffused with brown ; 
a fine terminal brown line ; the underside whitish thickly irrorated 
with brown, especially on costal and terminal areas, a slight dis- 
coidal spot and diffused curved postmedial line. 

Ab. 1. leniina. Smaller and darker. — "W. and E. Turkestan, 
E. Siberia, Japan, Corea. 

Hab. Austria, Tirol; Hdngaey, Zeller, Fry, Leech and D"Emmick 
Colls. ; Etjssia, Sarepta ; ? Armenia ; W. Turkestan, Issyk Ivul ; 
W. Siberia, Altai ; E. Turkestan. Thian-Shan Mts. ; Mongolia, 
TJiiassutai ; E. Siberia, Amurland, TJssuri ; Japan, Oiwake (Pryer), 
2 c? , 1 2 ; CoRBA. ^^jj>. 22-30 millim. 

Larva. Khhj. Butt. & Moths Eur. p. 175; Hffm. Eaiip. p. 110, pi. 30. f. 8. 

Clay-coloured speckled with brown ; thoracic somites with pale 
lateral line, the abdominal somites with oblique yellowish streak 
edged with black. Eood-plants : Low- growing herbs. 

3940. Athetis alsines. 

Nodua alsines, Brahm, Ins. Kal. ii. p. 114 (1791) ; Borkh. Eur. Schmett 
iv. p. 607 (1792) ; Hiibn. Eur. Schmett., Noct. f. 677 ; Dup. Lep. Fr.' 
vi. p. 63, pi. 76. f. 4; Herr.-Schaff. Eur. Schmett., Noct. f. 379; Staud. 
Cat. Lep. pal. p. 197. 

Caradrina sericea, Speyer, Stett. ent. Zeit. 1867, p. 73. 

Caradrina levis, Staud. Stett. ent. Zeit. 1888, p. 29. 

Caradrina amurensis, Staud. Eom. Mem. vi. p. 486 (1892). 

Head and thorax greyish ochreous suffused with rufous ; palpi 
fascous at sides with slight greyish ring at extremity of 2ad joint ; 
abdomen ochreous tinged with brown. Eore wing ochreous tinged 
with rufous and irrorated with fuscous, the postmedial and terminal 
areas suffused with fuscous ; subbasal line represented by a slight 
dark striga from costa ; antemedial line indistinct, oblique, sinuous, 
angled inwards on vein 1 : orbicular and reniform well developed, 
brown M'ith whitish annuli, the former rather oblique elliptical ; 
a diffused dark medial line, oblique from costa to reniform, incurved 
from lower angle of cell to inner margin ; postmedial line indistinct, 
defined by ochreous on outer side, bent outwards below costa, then 
minutely dentate and produced to black points on the veins, 
excurved to vein 4, then incurved ; subterminal line ochreous defined 



820 NocTuin.Ti;. 

by fuscous on inner side, slightly excurved below vein 7 and at 
middle, then incurved; traces of a terminal series of black points ; 
cilia with a fine ochreous line at base. Hind wing brownish ochre- 
ous, the cilia with a brownish line through them from costa to 
vein 2 ; the underside with the costal area irrorated with brown, 
a small black discoidal spot. 

Ab, 1. sericea. Fore wing narrower, silky grey. — Holland, 
Germany. 

Ab. 2. levis. Much paler ; fore wing yellowish. — Armenia, Asia 
Minor, W. Turkestan. 

Ab. 3. amurensis. Smaller and darker. — Ussuri. 

Hab. Bkitain, Scotland, Leech Coll., Forres (Salvage), England, 
Leech Coll., Ireland , Derry (Salvage) ; Prance, Sand Coll. ; Holland ; 
Germany, Zeller, Frey and Leech Colls. ; Austria ; Hungary, Leech 
Coll. ; Switzerland ; Spain, Catalonia, Bilbao, Castille ; Italy ; 
Russia, Livonia, Zeller Coll.; Armenia; Asia Minor, Eithynia ; 
W. Turkestan, Ferghana, Issyk Kul; W. Siberia, Altai; E. Siberia, 
Ussuri. E.vp. 30-3(3 millim. 

Larva. Meyr. Brit. Lep. p. 122; Barrett, Lep. Brit. v. p. 287, pi. 221. f. 2. 

Ochreous, sometimes tinged Avith reddish, dorsally browner ; 
dorsal line pale, partly dark-edged ; subdorsal line pale, dark- 
edged, more broadly below ; a Literal series of dark brown marks 
sometimes present ; spiracular line pale ; head dark brown. Food- 
plants : Stdlaria, liumex, Viola, etc. 9-5. 

3941. Athetis blanda. 

Foctua hlanda, Schiff. Wien. Verz. p. 77 (1770) ; Fabr. Mant. T7i9. ii. p. 1-17 

(1787) ; Dup. Lep. Fr. tI. p. 55, pi. 75. f. 6. 
Noctua tara.raci, Hiibn. Eur. Schmett.. Noct. f. 575(1802); Dup. Lep. 

Fr. vi. p. 50, pi. 75. I'. 4 ; Staud. Cat. Lep. pal. p. 197. 
Orthosia guitilinea, Wlk. xv. 1709 ( 1858). 

Head and thorax pale reddish brown ; palpi black, whitish at 
tips : antennae fuscous, whitish at base ; tarsi fuscous with slight 
pale rings ; abdomen whitish tinged with reddish brown. F'ore 
Aving greyish suffused with red-brown and irrorated with black, 
the costal edge Avhitish; subbasal line slight, blackish, curved, from 
costa to submedian fold ; antemedial line indistinct, oblique, 
sinuous with blackish points at costa, median nervure and vein 1 ; 
orbicular and reniform large, brown defined hj white, the former 
round, the latter elliptical ; faint traces of an oblique line from 
lower angle of cell to inner margin ; postmedial line indistinct, 
with black point at costa and series of points beyond it on the 
veins, bent outwards below costa and incurved below vein 4 ; 
subterminal line whitish, defined on inner side by fuscous suffusion 
and the area beyond it suffused with fuscous, slightly excurved 
below vein 7 and at middle ; traces of a terminal series of dark 
points ; cilia with a slight whitish line at base. Hind wing white, 
the veins and terminal area tinged with reddish brown ; cilia 
white at base, mixed with broAvn at tips ; the underside with the 



ATHETTS. 321 

costal area tinged with rufous and irrorated with brown, a discoidal 
point and traces of subterminal line from costa to discal fold. 

Hah. Britain, Leech Coll. ; France ; Germany, Zeller and Leech 
Colls.; AirsTRiA, Zeller Coll. ; Hun&aky, Leech Coll. ; Switzerland, 
Prey Coll. ; ? Spain, Catalonia ; Scandinavia (Schot/en) ; Finland, 
Leech Coll.; Eussia, Urals; Armenia; ? Asia Minor, Bithynia; 
hah. ign., 1 (S type f/uttilinea. j51i^:). 30-36 millim. 

Larva. Meyr. Lep. Brit. p. 123 ; Barrett, Brit. Lep. v. p. 290, pi. 221. f. 3. 

Pale ochraceous or brownish, slightly freckled with blackish ; 
dorsal line pale yellowish, traversing a series of small blackish 
marks ; subdorsal line pale, defined below by a strong dark brown 
line ; spiracular line brownish ; head ochreous marked with brown. 
Food-plants : Stellaria, Rumex, Grasses, &c. 9-4. 



3942. Athetis ambigua. 

NoctiM amhigua, Schiff. Wien. Verz. p. 77 (1876) ; Fabr. Mant. Ins. ii. 

p. 148 (1787) ; Stand. Oat. Lep, pal. p. 197. 
Noctua plantaginis, Hiibn. Eur. Schmett., Noct. f. .576 (1802) ; Diip. Lep. 

Fr. vi. p. 59, pi. 76. f. 2; Herr.-Schaigp. Eur. Schmett., Noct. f. 381. 
Orthosia uniformis, Swiiih. Trans. Eiit. Soc. 1885, p. 350, pi. 9. f. 6 ; 

Hmpsn. Moths Ind. ii. p. 261. 
Caradri7ia hilaris, Staud. Oat. Lep. pal. p. 197 (1901). 

Head and thorax whitish mixed with pale rufous; palpi with 
the 1st and 2nd joints blackish at sides; abdomen whitish tinged 
with rufous. Fore wing whitish suffused with pale rufous and 
slightly irrorated with brown, the costal edge white ; subbasal line 
blackish, curved, from costa to submedian fold; antemedial line 
blackish, oblique, waved, excurved below submedian fold and 
angled inwards on vein 1 ; orbicular and reniform large, reddish 
brown defined by white, the former round, the latter elliptical ; 
faint traces of a diffused sinuous line from lower angle of cell to 
inner margin ; postmedial line blackish, bent outwards below 
costa, then dentate and produced to black points on the veins, 
incurved below vein 4, a faint whitish line beyond it ; subterminal 
line whitish excurved below vein 7 and at middle ; a terminal 
scries of black points; cilia with a fine whitish line at middh , 
Hind wing white ; the underside with the costal area irrorated 
with brown, a small discoidal spot, traces of a postmedial line with 
minute black streaks on the veins and terminal series of points 
from apex to vein 2. 

Ab. 1. uniformis. Paler; palpi slightly tinged with fuscous at 
sides; fore wing with an ochreous tinge. — Syria, W. Turkestan, 
Beluchistan. 

Hob. Britain ; France, Sand and Leech Colls. ; Germany, 
Zeller, Frey, and Leech Colls. ; Austria ; Hungary ; Switzerland, 
Frey Coll. ; Italy, Capri (C. /S'. Broivne) ; Dalmatia, Leech Coll. ; 
Algeria; Eussia, Livonia; Armenia; Asia Minor, Pontus, 
Lydia ; Syria ; W. Turkestan, Turcomania, Syr Daria, 1 cJ , 1 $ , 

VOL. VIII. Y 



322 , NocTUTD.ii;, 

Ferghana, Sarawshan, Issyk Knl ; Beluchistan, Quetta (SivinJioe), 
1 2 t3'pe uniformis. E.vjj. 30-38 raillirn. 

Larva. Barrett, Lep. Brit. v. p. 284, pi. 221. f. 1 ; Kirby, Butt. & Moths 
Eur. p. 174 ; Hflm. Eaup. p. 110, pi. 30. f. 6. 

Brownish grey finely shaded with blackish ; dorsal and subdorsal 
lines fine, pale ; lateral line black with oblique black streaks 
above it. Food-plants : Plantago, Taraxicum, &c. 5. 

3943. Athetis superstes. 

Noctua blanda, Hiibn. Eur. Scbmett,, Noct. f. 162 (1802), nee Scliiff. 
Varadrina su'per&tes, Treit. Schuiett. Eur. v. (2) p. 260 (1825); Frr. Neue 

Beitr.pl. 190; Herr.-Schaff. Eur. Scbmett., Noct. f. 382; Staud. Cut. 

Lep. pal. p. 197. 

Head and thorax whitish faintly tinged with rufous and 
irrorated with dark brown ; palpi with the 1st and 2nd joints 
black at sides ; tarsi blackish with slight pale rings ; abdomen 
whitish irrorated with brown, the lateral tufts pale rufous. Fore 
wing whitish slightly tinged with rufous except towards base, and 
irrorated with black ; subbasal line slight, black, waved, from costa 
to submedian fold ; antemedial line indistinct, blackish with 
small spot at costa, oblique, waved, angled inwards to black points 
on median nervure and vein 1 ; orbicular and reniform well- 
developed, brownish defined by white, the former rather elliptical ; 
an indistinct diffused incurved line from lower angle of cell to 
inner margin ; postmedial line black with small spot at costa, bent 
outwards below costa, then dentate and produced to black points 
on the veins, incurved below vein 4 ; subterminal line whitish 
slightly defined by brown on inner side, excurved below vein 7 and 
at middle and incurved at submedian fold, a terminal series of black 
points ; cilia with a fine whitish line at middle. Hind wing 
whitish, the veins and terminal area tinged with brown ; a 
terminal series of dark points and the cilia with a brownish line 
through them from apex to vein 2 ; the underside with the costal 
area irrorated with brown, a slight sinuous subterminal line from 
costa to discal fold. 

Hah. Gebmany, Zeller and Frey Colls. ; Austeia ; Hungary, 
Leech Coll. ; Switzerland, Valais, Frey^ and Leech Colls. ; Spain, 
Castille ; Italy; Etjssia, Sarepta {Christoph) ; Armenia; Asia 
Minor, Pontus. Exp. 30-36 millim. 

Larva. Kirby, Butt. & Moths Eur. p. 174; Hffm. Eaup. p. 110, pi. 30. 
f. 5. _ 

Grey, with a dark dorsal line, pale lateral stripes and oblique 
streaks between them ; head brow n. Food-plants : Low growing 
herbs. 5-6. 

3944. Athetis respersa. 

Noctua respersa, Schiff. Wien. Verz. p. 314 (1776); Hiibn. Eur. Selnnett., 
Noct. f. 164 ; Dup. Lep. Fr. mi. p. 78, pi. 77. f. 5 ; Frr. Neue Beitr. i. 
pi. 94 ; Staud. Cat. Lep. pal. p. 197. 

Head w^hite ; palpi black, white at tips ; antennae fuscous except 



ATHEns. 323 

at base ; thorax whitish irrorated Avith brown ; tarsi blackisli ; 
abdomen white tinged with brown. Fore wing grey-white tinged 
with brown and irrorated with fuscous; subbasal line representod 
b}' black points on costa and median nervure ; antemedial line 
indistinct with series of black points on it and small spot at 
costa, oblique, minutely waved, angled inwards on vein 1 ; orbicular 
a slight brownish spot ; the reniform a small brown lunule ; an 
incurved brown shade from lower angle of cell to iuner margin ; 
postmedial line with black spot at costa, bent outwards below 
costa, then dentate and produced to black points on the veins, 
excurved to vein 4, then incurved ; a slight brown subterminal 
line excurved below vein 7 and at middle ; a terminal series of 
black points. Hind wing whitish suffused with reddish brown, 
the cilia paler ; the underside white irrorated with brown, especially 
on costal and terojinal areas, a small discoidal spot, postmedial 
series of minute streaks on the veins, and terminal series of small 
black lunules from apex to vein 2. 

Bab. France; Germany, Zeller and Leech Colls.; Austria, 
Zeller and Frey Colls. ; Hungary ; Switzerland ; JST. Italy ; 
Balkan States ; Russia, Livonia ; Armenia ; Asia Minor, 
Eithynia. Exp. 34-36 millim. 

Larva. Kirbv, Butt. & Moths Eur. p. 174 ; Hffm. Raup. p. 109, pi. 30. 
f. 3. 

Dark brown with a paler dorsal stripe edged by the whitish 
subdorsal lines ; laterally suffused with blackish and with two 
whitish spots on each somite. Food-plants : Grasses, tfec, hiber- 
nating under stones. 10-5. 



3945. Athetis leucosticta, n. sp. (Plate CXXIX. fig. 26.) 

$. Head and thorax reddish brown slightly mixed with grey; 
palpi dark brown mixed with white, the terminal joint rather 
long ; antennae ringed with white toM^ards base ; tar^i blackish 
ringed with white ; abdomen dark brown mixed with whitish and 
with dark segmental lines. Fore wing reddish brown suffused and 
irrorated with fuscous and a few white scales, the ante- and post- 
medial areas somewhat darker ; subbasal line indistinct, slightly 
defined by whitish on outer side, waved, from costa to submedian 
fold ; antemedial line black defined by whitish on inner side 
towards costa, erect, waved, slightly angled outwards below costa ; 
orbicular an obscure dark spot ; reniform an obscure dark mark 
with small white spot at its upper extremity ; a dark medial shade, 
oblique from costa to lower angle of cell ; postmedial line black, 
slightly defined by whitish on outer side towards costa, bent 
outward below costa, then minutely dentate and produced to slight 
white points on the veins, somewhat angled inwards at discal fold 
and incurved below vein 4, some white points beyond it on costa ; 
subterminal line represented by a series of yellowish-white points 
and a spot above tornus, defined by brown on inner side, excurved 
below vein 7 and at middle ; a fine black terminal line with white 

y2 



324 NOCTTJID^. 

points at the veins. Hinrl wing greyish brown ; a dark terminal 
line ; cilia with a fine whitish line at base ; the-underside whitish 
strongh' irrorated with dark brown, a large brown discoidal lunulo, 
postmedial line from costa to vein 4 and terminal series of black 
striae. 

Ab. 1. Fore wing with the white spot only and not the points 
op subterminal line. 

Hab. Bk. E. Aprioa, Masailand, E. Quaso {Betton), 1 $ type, 
Ndimu {Betton), 1 $ . Exp. 26 millim. 

3946. Athetis interstincta. (Plate CXXIX. fig. 27.) 

Graphiphora intersthicta, Moore, Lep. Atk. p. 118 (1882) ; Hnipsn. 
Moths Ind. ii. p. 267. 

Head and thorax red-brown mixed with grey, the head paler : 
palpi black-brown, greyish at tips; tarsi fuscous with pale rings ; 
abdomen dark reddish brown. Fore wing deep red-brown slightlj' 
tinged with grey and with slight dark irroration ; snbbasal line 
black, curved, from costa to submedian fold ; antemedial line black, 
bent inwards to costa and excurved above inner margin ; orbicular 
a black point ; reniform chocolate-brown, rather constricted at 
middle, with a white point at tipper extremity and two at lower ; 
a diffused dark medial line, oblique from costa to lower angle of 
cell and angled inwards below the cell ; postmedial line black, 
slightly bent outwards below costa, then with black points beyond 
it on the veins, excurved to vein 4, then oblique ; subterminal line 
faint, pale, defined on inner side by red-brown, excurved below 
vein 7 and at middle ; a terminal series of minute dark lunules ; 
a fine whitish line at base of cilia. Hind wing reddish brown 
tinged with grey, a fine whitish line at base of cilia; the underside 
whitish tinged with brown and irrorated with dark brown, a black 
discoidal spot, diffused curved postmedial line, and terminal series 
of small black lunules from apex to vein 2. 

Hab, SiKHiM {Riissell), 1 cJ , 3 $ type ; Bhutan {Dudgeon), 1 5 . 
Exp. 36-40 millim. 

3947. Athetis longiciliata, n. sp. (Plate CXXIX. fig. 28.) 

S . Head and thorax rufons mixed with a few dark brown 
scales ; palpi black at sides except at extremities of 2nd and 3rd 
joints ; tarsi fuscous with pale rings ; abdomen pale rufous suffused 
with fuscous except the anal tuft. Eore wing rufous tinged with 
grey and slightly irrorated witli brown ; subbasal line blackisli, 
angled outwards below costa and ending at submedian fold ; ante- 
medial line blackish, oblique to vein 1 , then erect ; orbicular a blackish 
point; reniform a narrow lanule defined by diffused rufous, and 
Avith slight whitish points round it ; medial Hue brown, rather 
diffused, oblique from costa to lower angle of cell, then inwardly 
oblique and sinuous ; postmedial line brown, excurved from costa 
to vein 4, then oblique, with traces of a series of dark points 



ATHETIS. 325 

beyond it on the veins ; subtcrminal line yellowish, defined on 
inner side by brown suffusion, slightlj^ excurved below vein 7 and 
at middle; a terminal series of black points; cilia M-ith a fine 
j-ellowiih line at base. Hind wing red-brown tinged with fuscous ; 
a diffused blackish discoidal spot ; a terminal series of slight dark 
lunules; cilia with a fine yellowish line at base; the underside 
whitish irrorated with dark brown, a black discoidal spot, rather 
diffused curved brown postmedial line, and terminal series of small 
black lunules from apex to vein 2. 

Antennae with the cilia rather long. 

Hub. Assam, Khasis, 1 (S tyi)e. E.rp. 36 millim. 



3948. Athetis fasciata. (Plate CXXIX. fig. 29.) 

Graphiphora fasciata, Moore, P. Z. S. 1867, p. 54; Hmpsn. Moths Ind. 
ii. p. 267. 

Head, thorax, and abdomen pale rufous ; palpi black-brown 
except at tips ; antennae black-brown ; tarsi with pale rings. 
Fore wing pale rufous, the terminal area deep rufous ; subbasal 
line black, waved, from costa to submedian fold ; antemedial line 
black, slightly angled outwards below costa, then oblique and 
angled inwards to black points on median nervure and vein 1 ; 
orbicular a black point ; reniforra chocolate-brown, elliptical, with 
white point on inner side below, one at upper extremity and two 
at lower ; a diffused brown medial shade, oblique from costa to 
reniform, then sinuous ; postmedial line black, double at costa, 
slightly bent outwards below costa, then dentate and produced to 
black points on the veins, evenly curved : subtermiual line 
yellowish defined on inner side by red-brown suffusion, excurved 
below vein 7 and at middle ; a terminal series of minute dark 
points ; a fine yellow line at base of cilia which are dark brown. 
Hind wing reddish brown with an ochreous tinge, the cilia rather 
])aler ; the underside whitish tinged with red-brown, the costal 
and terminal areas irrorated with red-brown, a blackish discoidal 
lunule, rather diffused sinuous postmedial line, and terminal series 
oi small black lunules from apex to vein 2. 

Ab. 1. Fore wing with the ground-colour grey suffused with 
brown, without rufous tinge. 

ilah. SiKHiM (Atkinson, LidderdaU, Dadgeon\ 7 c? , 4 5 type ; 
lioMBAT ; Madkas, Bclgaum (Watson), 1 $ . Entp. 34-42 millim. 

3949. Athetis satellitia. (Flate CXXIX. fig. 30.) 

Caradrina satellitia, Hmpsn. Ann. S. Afr. Mus. ii. p. 302 (1902). 

Head white slightly tinged with rufous ; antennae black ringed 
with white, the basal joint Avhite ; thorax pale rufous ; tarsi 
fuscous ringed with white ; abdomen pale rufous slightly irrorated 
with brown. Fore Aving pale rufous slightly irrorated with brown; 



326 KocTuri).??,. 

siibbasal line slight., defined by whitish on outer side, from costa to 
submedian fold ; antemedJal line slight, black, with white point 
before it at costa, oblique, waved ; orbicular a minute white point ; 
reniform a small round white spot with point above it and two 
below it ; traces of a sinuous medial line, oblique from costa to 
lower angle of cell ; postmedial line slight, black, with white point 
at costa, bent outwards below costa, then minutely dentate and 
produced to points on the veins, incurved below vein 4 ; sub- 
terminal line faintly defined by brown on inner side, excurved 
below vein 7 and at middle ; a terminal series of black points with 
white points on their inner side. Hind wing whitish tinged with 
red-brown especiallj' on the veins and terminal area ; cilia white, 
brown at apex and at base to vein 2 ; the underside white, the 
costal a.rea irrorated with red-brown, the apical area suffused with 
red-brown to discal fold, a slight discoidal spot. 

Hah. MozAMBiauE, Delagoa Bay (Junod), 1 $ ; jNTatal, Victoria 
Distr. (Gooch), 1 § type, Durban (Bowker, Leigh), 1 J , 2 § . 
Eop. 30-34 millim. 



3950. Athetis conformis. (Plate CXXIX. fig. 31.) 

Caradrina conformis, Wlk. x. 298 (1856). 

$ . Head and thorax pale grey-brown mixed with white, the 
head whiter ; palpi fuscous brown, whitish at tips ; tarsi fuscous 
ringed with whitish ; abdomen whitish mixed with brown. Eore 
"wing pale brown irrorated with white and a few dark brown 
scales ; subbasal line dark, oblique, from costa to submedian fold ; 
antemedial line dark, oblique, slightly angled outwards below 
costa and inwards on vein 1; orbicular a minute black point; 
reniform only defined by faint w^hite points ; a rather diffused 
dark medial line, oblique from costa to lower angle of cell, then 
erect; postmedial line indistinct, dark, slightly bent outwards 
below costa, then minutely dentate, excurved to vein 4, then 
incurved ; subterminal line whitish defined by dark brown on 
inner side, very slightly excurved below vein 7 and at middle. 
Hind wing whitish suffused with brown ; the underside whitish 
tinged with brown, the costal and terminal areas irrorated with 
brown, a dark discoidal spot and indistinct curved postmedial 
line. 

Hah. ignotus, 1 5 type. Exj), 34 millim. 



3951. Athetis pnlmonaris. 

Noctua ptolmonaris, Esp. Schmett. iv. pi. 151. f. 5 (1790); Frr. Keue Beitr. 

pi. 215; Stand. Oat. Lep. pal. p. 198. 
Noctua fuscago, Esp. Schmett. iv. pi. 176. ff. 5, 6 (1791). 
Noctua ■pulmonari(B, Hiibn. Eur. Schmett., IVoct. f. 98 (1802). 

Head, thorax, and abdomen yellow mixed with rufous ; palpi 



ATHETIS. 327 

brownish at sides, whitish at tips ; tarsi brownish with pale rings. 
Fore wing yellow suffused with rufous ; subbasal line iudistinetly 
double filled in with wbitish, curved, from costa to submedian 
fold ; antemedial line brown defined by whitish on inner side, 
slightly angled inwards at subcostal and median nervures and 
vein 1, and excurved in submedian interspace and above inner 
margin ; orbicular with faint whitish annulus defined by brown, 
round ; reniform brown with whitish annulus to lower part 
defined by brown ; a diffused brown medial line, oblique from 
costa to reniform, inwardly oblique from lower angle of cell to 
inner margin ; ])ostmedial line double filled in with pale yellowish, 
bent outwards below costa, then very minutely waved, excurved 
to vein 4, then incurved, some whitish points beyond it on costa ; 
subterminal line yellowish, slightly defined on inner side by brown 
and with brown patch before it at eosta, oblique towards costa, 
then minutely dentate, excurved below vein 7 and at middle, then 
incurved ; a brown terminal line ; a slight pale line at base of 
cilia. Hind wing yellowish suffused with red-brow^n ; a fine 
brown terminal line ; cilia whitish with a red-brown line near 
base ; the underside whitish, the costal area tinged with ochreous, 
a small brown discoidal spot, postmedial line excurved to vein 4, 
then oblique, and traces of a diffused subterminal band. 

Hah. France, Sand Coll. ; Germany, Zeller Coll. ; Austria, 
Leech Coll., Galicia ; Htjngauy, Frey and Leech Colls. ; IjlWLy ; 
Greece. Exp. 36-42 millim. 

Larva. Kirby, Butt. & M(3tbs Eur. p. 174 ; Hffm. Eaup. p. 109, pi. 30. f. 2. 

Dull green with a whitish dorsal line ; head yellowish brown. 
Food-plant, Pulmonaria. 5. 

3952. Athetis flava. 

Caradrina flava, Oberth. Et. Ent. i. p. 45, pi. 4. f. 3 (1876); Stand. Cat. 
Lep. pal. p. 196. 

Head and thorax reddish yellow irrorated with a few black 
scales, the head whiter ; palpi blackish at base ; tarsi fuscous 
with pale rings ; abdomen white with obscure brown dorsal 
bands. Fore wing reddish yellow slightly irrorated with fuscous ; 
subbasal line represented by a small black spot on costa : ante- 
medial line indistinct, double, the lines widely separated, with a 
black spot on outer line at costa, oblique, very minutely waved ; 
orbicular and reniform very small, reddish brown with some 
white points round them, the former round; an indistinct medial 
line with black spot at costa, oblique from costa to reniform, 
incurved below the cell and angled outwards on vein 1 ; post- 
medial line indistinct, double, the lines widely separated and with 
black spot on inner line at costa, slightly bent outwards below 
costa, then minutely Avaved, incurved below vein 4, some pale 
points beyond it on costa ; subterminal line indistinct, paie with 
slight dark suffusion on inner side, somewhat excurved below 
vein 7 and at middle : a terminal series of slight dark strise ; cilia 



328 N0CTiriT)J5. 

■with a slight brown line throno-h them. Hind wing white, the 
veins and terraen slightly tinged with pale brown. 

Hab. Algeria {Mrs. Nicholl), 1 (^ ; Canakies, Guimar ( Wahim/- 
liam), 1 S ; Palestine ; Persian Gulf, Fao (Ctimmmg), 3 $ . 
Kv/>. 34 millim. 

3953. Athetis fusca. (Plate CXXIX. fig. 32.) 
Caradrma fusca. Leech, Ti-ans. Ent. Soc. 1900, p. 118. 

$ . Head and thorax grey mixed with fuscous browai ; palpi 
black, whitish at tips ; tarsi fuscous with pale rings ; abdomen 
grey -brown. Fore wing grey almost entirely sutfused with 
fuscous brown ; subbasal line slight, blackish detined by grey ou 
outer side, sinuous, from costa to vein 1 ; antemedi;il line slight, 
blackish defined by grey on inner side and with black point at 
costa, oblique, minutely waved ; drbicnlar absent ; reniform a 
faint fuscous lunule with slight pale points on inner and outer 
sides above and below ; an indistinct dark medial shade, oblique 
from costa to lower angle of cell ; postmedial line slight, dark, 
defined by grey on outer side, bent outwards below costa, then 
minutely dentate, oblique below vein 4 ; subterminal line faintly 
defined by brown sufl'usion on inner side, slightly waved ; a fine 
dark terminal line ; cilia with whitish line at base. Hind wing 
wbiiish sufi'used with brown ; a fine dark terminal line ; cilia 
white at base, brown at tips ; the underside grey, the costal area 
irrorated with brown, a small discoidal spot and indistinct curved 
postmedial line. 

Hah. W. Chixa, Xitou, 1 $, Ta-chien-lu (Pi-att), 1 5 type. 
E.r^). 36 miilim. 

3954. Athetis morosa. (Plate CXXX. fig. 1.) 

Caradrina morosa, Led. Verb, zool.-bot. Ges. Wien, 1853, p. 373, pi. 5. 
f. 3 ; Staud. Oat. Lep. pal. p. 195. 

c? . Head and thorax white tinged with ochreous brown ; palpi 
black, white at tips ; antennae blackish ; tarsi black ringed with 
white ; abdomen whitish tinged with brown. Pore wing whitish 
tinged with ochreous brown and slightly irrorated wdth fuscous ; 
subbasal line slight with black spot at costa, ending at vein 1 ; 
antemedial line indistinct, double, with black spot on the outer 
line at costa, oblique, waved ; orbicular absent ; reniform a blackish 
lunule with white point on inner side below and two on outer ; a 
dark medial shade with black spot at costa, oblique from costa to 
lower angle of cell, then incurved ; postmedial line blackish with 
black spot at costa, slightly bent outw^ards below costa, then 
minutely dentate, incurved below vein 4, an indistinct curved 
line beyond it, the area beyond it suffused with fuscous, with 
some pale points on costa, defining the minutely waved whitish 



ATHETIS. 329 

subtcrminal line wliich is excurved below vein 7 and at middle ; 
a terminal series of slight black liinules. Hind wing white 
tinged with brown especiall}'^ on the veins and terminal halt' 
from costa to vein 2 ; cilia pure white ; the underside white, 
the costal area irrorated with brown, a small discoidal spot and 
traces of a curved postmedial line. 

H((h. W. Siberia, Altai, 1 J; Mongolia. Ullassatai ; E, Siberia, 
Amurland, Ussari. Exj). 38 millim. 



8955. Athetis rebeli. (Plate CXXX. fig. 2.) 

Caradrina favirena, Rebel, Ann. Nat. Hofiiius. Wien, ix. p. 69 & xiii. 

p. 3(>() (nee Giien.). 
Caradrina rebeli, Stand. Cat. Lep. pal. p. 196 (1901). 

S . Head and thorax grey tinged with brown ; palpi black, 
white at tips ; antennae blackish ; tarsi fuscous with pale rings ; 
abdomen grey dorsally suH'used Avitli fuscous brown, ventrally 
whitish. Fore wing grey slightly irrorated with brown ; subbasal 
line represented by small black spots below costa and cell ; 
antemedial line indistinct, oblique, sinuous, with small black spots 
at costa and submedian fold ; orbicular a small round blackish 
spot ; reniform a rather diffused blackish Innule with some whitish 
])oints round it ; a small black spot at middle of costa ; postmedial 
line indistinct, blackish, interrupted, with black spot at costa, 
bent outwards below costa, then minutely waved, incurved below 
vein 4, some whitish points with slight black streaks between 
them beyond it on costa; subterminal line whitish deHned by 
fuscous on inner side, excurved below vein 7 and at middle and 
angled inwards at discal and submedian folds ; the terminal area 
slightly tinged with brown ; a terminal series of black stria? ; a 
fine whitish line at base of cilia. Hind wing greyish suffused 
with brown, a fine white line at base of cilia : the underside 
whitish tinged with brown, the costal area irrorated with brown, a 
black discoidal lunule, postmedial series of short streaks on the 
veins, and terminal series of small lunulas. 

$ . Uniformly suffused with fuscous. 

Hah. Ca^staries, Teneriffe ( W. White), 4 cJ , 1 ^ , Guimar 
( Wahiwjham), 5 c? , 3 5 . Exj). 28-32 millim. 



3956. Athetis rougemonti. 

Caradrina rougemonti, Spuler, Schiuett. Eur. p. 231, pi. 29. f. 32 (1906). 

Head white ; palpi black, white at tips ; antennae fuscous 
except at base ; thorax grey ; tarsi blackish ringed with white ; 
abdomen white slightly mixed with grey. Fore wing white 
suffused with grey and with slight dark irroration ; subbasal line 
represented by a black point on costa ; aatemedial line very 
indistinct, oblique, minutely waved, with black spot at costa ; 



330 



KOCTDID^E. 



orbicular a small round fuscous spot slightly defined by white : 
reuiform a fuscous lunule surrounded by white points ; faint 
traces of a medial line with fuscous point at costa ; postmedial 
line very indistinct, with small black spot at costa, bent outwards 
below costa, then minutely dentate, incurved below vein 4, some 
whitish points beyond it on costa ; subterminal line represented bj'' 
a series of minute white lunules defined on inner side by slight 
rufous marks, somewhat angled outwards at vein 7 ; a terminal 
series of minute black lunules slightly defined by whitish on inner 
side. Hind wing pure white ; the underside with the costal area 
slightly irrorated with grey, a terminal series of small black 
lunules from apex to vein 2, 

Hah. S. Prance, Digne, 1 cJ , 1 $ ; Switzerlaxd, Zermatt, 1 J, 
1 $ . Exp. 32-36 millira. 

Larva. Ochreous grey mottled and striated with brown excejit 
on ventral surface ; dorsal line slight, pale ; subdorsal line daru- 
edged below ; stigmatal line slight, dark, the stigmata black ; 
head brown. 



3957. Athetis jurassica. 

Caradrlnajurassica, Riggenbach, Mitth. Schweiz. Ent. Ges. iv. p. 607 (1877); 
Mill. Ann. Soc. Linn. Lyons, 1878, pi. 155. f. 9; Stand. Cat. Lep. pal. 
p. 196. 

S . Head and thorax white slightly tinged with brown ; palpi 
black, white at tips ; antcnnse blackish except at base ; tarsi 
blackish with pale rings ; abdomen white mixed with reddish 
})rown. Pore wing white tinged with reddish brown except 
towards base and slightly irrorated with fuscous : subbasal line 
])lack with small spot at costa, waved, from costa to submediau 
fold ; antemedial line blackish with black spot at costa and point at 
submedian fold, oblique, rather irregular, angled inwards at vein 1 
and bent inwards to inner margin ; orbicular a dark point ; 
reniform faintly defined by brown and with traces of pale points 
round it ; a dark medial line with small black spot at costa, 
excurved to below cell, then slightly waved ; postmedial line dark 
with black spot at costa, slightly bent outwards below costa, then 
minutely dentate, excurved to vein 4, then incurved and angled 
inwards at vein 1 ; subterminal line indistinct, pale, defined on 
inner side by slight dentate rufous marks, excurved below vein 7 
and at middle; a terminal series of black points. Hind wing 
white, the terminal area tinged with reddish brown from apex to 
submedian fold ; the underside with the costal area irrorated with 
brown, a discoidal point, rather diffused curved postmedial line 
from costa to submedian fold with minute dark streaks on the 
veins, and terminal series of minute black lunules from apex to 
vein 2. 

Hal). SAViTZEEr..A.>'i), Jura, Qjuingen, 2 J , Frey Coll. Exp. 32 
millira. 



ATHETIS. 331 

3958. Athetis selini. 

Caradrina sdini, Boisd. Gen. & Ind. Meth. p. 137 (1840) ; Dup. Lep. Fi'., 
Suppl. iii. p. 576, pi. 48. f. 3 ; HeiT.-Sc4iafl:. Eur. Sc4amett., Noct. f. Ul ; 
Stand. Cat. Lep. pal. p. 196. 

Head and thorax whitish tinged with red-brown ; palpi black, 
white at tips ; antennte blackish except at base ; tarsi black 
ringed with white ; abdomen whitish suffused with red-brown. 
Fore wing whitish thickly irrorated with purplish red-brown, the 
terminal half suft'used with red-brown ; subbasal Hue black with 
black spot at costa, then, oblique and ending at submedian fold ; 
antemedial line very indistinct with black spot at costa and point 
in submedian fold, oblique, sinuous ; orbicular absent ; reniforra a 
brownish lunule with two white points on inner edge and three oh 
outer with small yellow mark at middle of outer side ; medial 
line brownish with black spot at costa, excurved to below cell 
and slightly angled outwards at vein 1 ; postmedial line very 
indistinct with black spot at costa, bent outwards below costa, 
then minutely dentate, excurved to vein 4, then oblique ; sub- 
terminal line indistinct, grey defined on inner side by rufous, 
minutelv waved, excurved below vein 7 and at middle ; a terminal 
series of blackish points. Hind wing white, the veins of terminal 
half and the terminal area from apex to submedian fold suffused 
with reddish brown ; the underside with the costal area irrorated 
with brown, a blackish discoidal ptoint, postmedial series of minute 
streaks on the veins, and terminal series of small iunules from 
apex to vein 2. 

JJah. S. FfvAJs^cb, Nice, Leech Coll., Midi, Leech Coll.; Germany', 
Pomerania, Silesia, Frankfort, Zeller Coll. : Hungary, Frey and 
Leech Colls. ; Savitzerland, Valais, Tei uel ; Spain, Castille, 
Andalusia ; Corsica ; LrALr ; Sicily, Zeller Coll. ; Dalmatia ; 
Greece ; Russia, Livonia, Leech Coll., Sarepta, Leech Coll. ; Asia 
Minor, Pontus, Taurus ; Syria. Exp. 24-34 millim. 

3959. Athetis flavirena. 

Cm-adrina flavirena, Gruen. Noct. i. p. 2rj0 (185-) ; Stand. Cat. Lep. pal. 

p. 196. 
Caradrina nodivcga, Bell. Ann. Soe. Ei t. Fi-. 1S63, p. 420, pi. 9. f. 4. 
Caradrina, infusca, Const. Ann. Soc. Ent. Er. 186.'), p. 194, pi. 7. ff. 10 a., h 

(nee Rinbi-.). 
Caradrina minor, Kalchb. Iris, x. p. 176 (1897). 

Head and thorax ochreous brown suffused with grey ; palpi 
black, white at tips ; tarsi blackish ringed with white ; abdomen 
ochreous white irrorated with brown. Fore wing ochreous brown 
suffused with grey ; subbasal line black, waved, from costa to 
submedian fold, a black point beyond it in cell ; antemedial line 
with a small black spot on costa, oblique, waved ; orbicular a 
small round brown spot defined by whitish scales ; rcniform 



3.'i2 NOCTXJID^. 

Lrown with white points round it and a small yellow spot at 
middle of outer odo;e ; a small black spot at middle of costa ; 
postmedial line with small black spot at costa, bent outwards 
lielow costa, then dentate, incurv'ed below vein 4 ; subterminal 
line formed of ochreous points defined on inner side by minute 
dentate rufous marks, angled outwards at vein 7 and excurved at 
middle ; a terminal series of slight black lunules. Hind wing 
white, the veins, costal area and terminal area to vein 2 suffused 
with brown ; cilia with a brownish line through them from apex 
to vein 2 ; the underside wath the costal area irrorated with brown, 
a small discoidal spot, postmedial series of short streaks on the 
veins, and terminal series of small lunules. 

Ab. 1. minor. Smaller. Gen. sest. — Centr. & S. Italy. 

Ab. 2. infusca. Fore wing of male with the terminal area 
suffused with fuscous, of female wholly suffused. 

Ab. 3. Rather greyer. — Switzerland, Valais. 

Nab. S. France, Nice, D'Emmick & Leech Colls,; Austria, 
Tirol ; Spaix, Catalonia, Castile ; Centr. Italy ; Sicily, Zelicr 
Coll. ; Asia Minor, Pontus ; Palestine, Jordan P. i/Ir/). lG-32 
millim. 

*3960. Athetis vullsclilegeli. (Plate CXXIX. fig. 3.) 

Caradrina widhcMegeli, Piing. Soc. Ent. xVn. p. 145 (1903). 

Head whitish mixed with grey-browm on vertex ; palpi deep 
black, the extremity of 2nd joint white, the 3rd joint white with 
black point at side ; frons M'ith some brown at sides ; antennae 
l)lack; thorax brown mixed with grey ; tarsi blackish ringed with 
white ; abdomen whitish mixed with brown. Fore wing browji 
mixed with grey ; subbasal line blackish, from costa to submedian 
fold, a blackish point beyond it in cell ; antemedial line blackish 
■with small black spot at costa, oblique, minutely waved ; orbicular 
a small round black spot ; rcniform blackish defined by a few 
whitish scales and with a slight whitish point below on inner side 
and two on outer, constricted at middle ; a blackish spot on 
middle of costa and an oblique diffused incurved line from lower 
angle of cell to inner margin ; postmedial line blackish defined by 
grey on outer side and with black spot at costa, bent outwards 
below costa, then dentate and produced to blackish points on the 
veins, incurved below vein 4, some slight pale striae beyond it from 
costa ; subterminal line pale, slightly defined on inner side by 
fuscous, excurved below vein 7, excurved and waved at middle 
and ending on termen at vein 1 ; a terminal series of black points ; 
a fine pale line at base of cilia. Hind wing white, the costal area 
and terminal area to vein 2 suffused with brown, wholly suffused 
with brown in female; a slight discoidal spot; cilia white with 
brown line through them from apex to vein 2, the tips wholly 
brown at apex ; the underside white, the costal and terminal areas 
irrorated with brow'u, a small discoidal spot, diffused sinuous 



ATUETIS. 333 

postmediul line witli minute black streaks at the veins, and 
terminal series of black points from apex to vein 2. 

Hub. Switzerland, Zormatt, types t J $ in Coll. Piiugeler. 
Exp. J 31, $ 30 millim. 

3961. Athetis selinoides. 

Caradrina selinoides, Bell. Ann. Soo. Ent. Fr. 1862, p. 379, pi. 9. f. 1 ; 
Staud. Cat. Lep. pal. p. 196. 

S . Head and thorax white tinged with brown and slightly 
irrorated with fuscous ; palpi black, white at tips ; antenuae 
blackish except at base ; tarsi blackish ringed with white ; abdomen 
grey suffused with brown. Eore wing grey-white tinged with 
brown, except on costal area, and irrorated with fuscous ; subbasal 
line black, waved, from costa to submedian fold ; antemedial line 
black with small spot at costa, minutely waved and slightly oblique ; 
orbicular a slight dark point ; reniform a dark lunule with white 
point on inner side at lower extremity and two on outer; a rather 
diffused dark medial line oblique from costa to reniform and 
sinuous from cell to inner margin ; postmedial line black with 
small spot at costa, slightly bent outwards below costa, then 
dentate, incurved below vein 4 ; subterminal line defined by brown 
on inner side, minutely dentate, angled outwards at vein 7 and 
slightly excurved at middle, a terminal series of small black lunules. 
Hind wing white tinged with brown, the terminal area suffused 
with brown ; cilia white with a dark line near base ; the underside 
with the costal area irrorated with brown, a blackish discoidal 
point, diffused curved subterminal band, and terminal series of 
small black lunules. 

Hab. CoKsiCA {^Yerbury), 1 S • E.vp. 34 millim,. 

3962. Athetis menetriesi. 

Caradrina menetriesii, Kretschmar, Berl. ent. Zeit. 1863, p. 432, pi. 2, 

f. 7 ; Stand. Cat. Lep. pal. p. 197. 
Caradrina montana, Brem. Lep. Ost-Sib. p. 49, pi. 4. f. 8 (1861). 
Caradrina petrma, Tengstr. Ac. Soc. Flor. & Fann. Feon. vii. p. 356 (1870). 

Head white with a few brown scales ; palpi black, white at tips ; 
antennae black except at base ; thorax grey-white slightly mixed 
with brown ; tarsi blackish ringed with white. Fore wing pale 
grey sparsely irrorated with black ; subbasal line represented by a 
black striga from costa ; antemedial line hardly traceable, double, 
oblique, sinuous, with small black spots at costa and submedian 
fold; orbicular a small black spot; reniform a narrow lunule slightly 
defined by black : a small black spot at middle of costa and traces 
of a sinuous line from lower angle of cell to inner margin ; post- 
medial line black, inierrupted, with small spot at costa, bent 
outwards below costa, then minutely dentate, slightly angled in- 
wards at discal fold and incurved below vein 4, some white points 
beyond it on costa ; subterminal line represented by a series of 



334 



NOCTUID.E. 



slight white striae defined on inner side by small dentate blaok 
marks, somewhat excurved below vein 7 and at middle and in- 
curved at submedian fold ; a terminal series of minute black lunules. 
Hind wing white, the terminal area slightly irrorated with brown ; 
a blackish discoidal point and terminal series of striae from apex to 
vein 2 ; the underside with the costal and terminal areas irrorated 
with brown, a small black discoidal spot and indistinct diffused 
curved subterminal line. 

Hah. Sweden ; llussiA, Finland, 2 c? , 2 § , Livon'a; "W. Tuek- 
EST.VN, Issyk Kul ; W. Siberia, Altai ; Mongotia, Uliassutai, 
Changai Mts. ; E. SiBEPaA, Dahuria, Amurland, Ussuri. Exp. 3-t 
millim. 

3963. Athetis bremusa. (Plate CXXXIX. %. 4.) 

Caradrina brevmna, Swinh. P. Z. S. 1685, ^. 4.51 ; Hmpsu. Moths Ind. ii. 
p. 260. 

Head and thorax whitish mixed with brown ; palpi black, white 
at tips ; antennae blackish ; tarsi blackish slightly ringed witli 
white ; abdomen whitish irrorated with fuscous. Fore wing 
whitish tinged with brown and irrorated with black, the terminal 
area suffused with fuscous ; subbasal line black, curved, from costa 
to submedian fold ; antemedial line black, oblique and minutely 
waved from costa to subcostal nervure, then reduced to black points 
on the veins ; orbicular a black point; reniform blackish defiiicd 
by some white scales, constricted at middle and with ochreous point 
on its outer edge ; traces of a waved medial line with blackish mark 
at costa ; postmedial line slight, with small black spot at costa, 
slightly bent outwards below costa, then dentate and produced to 
black points on the veins, excurved to vein 4, then incurved ; sub- 
terminal line indistinct, pale, defined on inner side by black forming 
small dentate marks and a spot at discal fold, minutely waved, 
excurved below vein 7 and at middle, a terminal series of black 
points slightly defined by greyish on inner side. Hind wing 
whitish tinged with brown, especially on the veins and terminal 
ai'ea ; cilia whitish with a slight brown line near base ; the under- 
side white, the costal area irrorated with brown, a slight discoidal 
lunule and postmedial series of points on the veins from costa to 
vein 3. 

Hah. Punjab, Simla {Harford), 1 $ , Cawnpore (Betton), 1 J ; 
Bombay, Poena {Sivmhoe), 1 S type; Madras, Belgaum (Watnon), 
1 c? , Gonty (Cam,pheU), 1 cS , Xilgiris (Hampson), 2 5; CEYLOisr, 
Puttalam (Pole), 1 9 ; Burma, Hsipaw (de Niceville), 1 5 . Exj:>. 
28-30 millim. 

3964. Athetis multifera. (Plate CXXX. fig. 5.) 

Caradrina multifera, Wlk. x. 293 (1856); Smith, Cat. Noet. N. Am. 

p. 190. 
Segeiia fidicularia, Morr. Proc. Bost. Soc. N. H. xvii. p. 145 (1874). 

Head and thorax grey-white slightly irrorated with black ; palpi 



ATHETIS. 335 

black, white at tips ; antennoe black except at base ; tarsi black 
ringed with white ; abdomen white slightly irrorated with brown. 
Fore wing pale grey irrorated with black ; subbasal line black, 
from costa to submedian fold ; antemedial line black with small 
spot at costa, oblique, waved, angled inwards on vein 1 ; orbicular 
a small black spot; reniform a blackish lunule surrounded by white 
points and with slight rufous mark on outer edge ; medial line 
blackish with small spot at costa, oblique to reniform and incurved 
below the cell ; postmedial line with black spot at costa, bent out- 
wards below costa, then dentate, incurved at discal fold and below 
vein 4, some white points beyond it on costa ; subterminal line 
whitish defined on inner side by small dentate rufous marks between 
veins 7 and 2, minutely waved, excurved below vein 7 and at 
middle ; a terminal series of small black spots. Hind wing white 
tinged with brown, especially on the veins and terminal area; 
cilia white ; the underside with the costal area irrorated with 
brown, a blackish discoidal spot, waved postmedial line from costa 
to vein 5, and terminal scries of small lunules from apex to 
vein 2. 

Uab. Catstada {Normaii), 1 J , 1 § , jSTova Scotia {Redman), 2 2 
type ; U.S.A., 1 J , 1 § , Maine, New York, New Jersey, Distr. of 
Columbia, Illinois, Minnesota. E,vj). 32-34 millim. 

3965. Athetis himaleyica. (Plate CXXX. fig. 6.) 

Caradrina himaleyica, Koll. Hiigel's Kascbmir, iv. p. 479 (1844); Huipsn, 

Moths Ind. ii. p. 260. 
Caradrina urenacea, Moore, P. Z. S. 1881, p. 349. 

Head, thorax, and abdomen grey-white slightly irrorated with 
brown ; palpi black, white at tips ; antennae blackish except at 
base ; tarsi black ringed with white. Pore wing grey- white 
slightly tinged and irrorated with brown ; subbasal line represented 
by a small black spot on costa ; antemedial line indistinct, double, 
minutely waved, oblique, with black spot on the outer line at 
costa ; orbicular a brownish point ; reniform a narrow lunule 
defined by rufous, with some fuscous at lower extremity, two white 
points on inner edge and three on outer and a rufous point beyond 
it at middle ; medial line with black spot at costa, oblique to the 
reniform and sinuous from lower angle of cell to inner margin ; 
postmedial line indistinct, with black spot at costa, bent outw^ard 
below costa, then minutely waved and with some black points beyond 
it on the veins, incurved below vein 4, some white points with 
slight black streaks between them beyond it on costa; subterminal 
line whitish defined on inner side by small somewhat dentate 
rufous marks, angled outward at vein 7 and excurved at middle ; 
the terminal area suffused with fuscous; a terminal series of 
minute black lunules ; cilia with a fine whitish line at base. Hind 
wing white slightly tinged with reddish brown, especially on the 
veins and terminal area ; cilia white : the underside with the costal 
and terminal areas irrorated with brown, a small discoidal spot, 



336 NOCTTJTD.Ii:. 

postmerlial series of minute streaks on the veins, and terminal series 
of small black lunules. 

Hah. W. China, Pu-tsu-fang, 1 S ; Kashmir, Goorais Valley 
{Leech), 1 c? , 2 5 , Scinde Yalley (L^ec/i), 1 J ; Punjab, Kulu, 1 S , 
Dalhousie {Harford), 1 §, Dharmsala {HorJciiu/), 3 c? , 3 $, 
llmballa ; Sikhim Tibet, Yatons: {liohson), 1 j , 3 $ ; Sikhim 
{Dudgeon), 2 $ type arenaeea. Exp. 32-36 millim. 

3966. Athetis chinensis. (Plate CXXX. fig. 7.) 
Caradrina chinensis. Leech, Trans. Ent. Soc. 1900, p. 117. 

Head and thorax grey-white tinged with brown; pali)i black, 
white at tips ; antennse black ; tarsi black ringed with white ; 
abdomen grey dorsally suffused with brown, ventrally irrorated 
with black, the anal tuft tinged with rufous. Fore wing grey 
tinged with brown and irrorated with fuscous ; subbasal line slight 
Avith black spot at costa, oblique, from costa to vein 1 ; antemedial 
line slight, with black spot at costa, oblique, waved ; orbicular 
absent; reniform slightly defined by red-brown with a white point 
above on outer side, below with a white point on inner side and 
two on outer ; an indistinct medial line with black spot at costa, 
oblique from costa to lower angle of cell, then inwardly oblique ; 
postmedial line black with black spot at costa, bent outwards below 
costa, then minutely dentate, incurved below vein 4, another faint 
curved line beyond it ; subterminal line grey defined on both sides 
l)y fuscous suffusion from costa to vein 2, minutelj^ waved, a 
terminal series of slight black lunules defined by greyish on inner 
bide. Hind wing whitish tinged with brown, especially on the 
veins and terminal area; a fine dark terminal line; cilia whitish ; 
the underside grey, the costal area irrorated with fuscous, a blackish 
discoidal spot and rather diffused sinuous postmedial line. 

Hah. W. China, Pu-tsu-fang, 6 c? , 2 $ type, Ta-chien-lu {Pratt), 
1 $ . Exp. 32-40 millim. 

3967. Athetis clavipalpis. 

Phalmna clavipaljns, Scop. Ent. Carn. p. 213 (1763). 

Noctua quadrifiinctata, Fabr. Sjst. Ent. p. 594 (1776); Stand. Cat. Lep. 

pal. p. 196. 
Noctua cuhicularis. Scliiff. Wien. Verz. p. 72 (1776) ; Borkh. Eur. Schmett. 

iv. p. 212 (1792); Hiibn. Eur. Schmett., Noct. f. 417; Dup. Lep. Pr. 

vi. p. 57, pi. 76. f. 1 ; Stepli. 111. Brit. Ent., Haust. ii. p. 168. 
Phalcena grisea, Eott. Natiirt. ix. p. 138 (1776). 
IS'octua segetum, Esp Schmett. iv. pi. 150. ff. 4, 6 (nee Linn.). 
Noctua leucoptera, Tbubg. Disc. Eut. ii. p. 41 (1791) ; Spangb. Ent. Tidslir. 
• 1880, p. 92, pi. 1. f. 3. 

Caradrina laciniosa, Donz. Ann. Soc. Ent. Fr. 1847, p. 529, pi. 8. f. 4. 
Caradrina pulverosa, Wlk. x. 295 (186(i). 
Caradrina inilleri, Schulz, Stett. ent. Zeit. 1862, p. 367, pi. 1. ft'. 6, &,r. 

Head and thorax grey-white slightly tinged with rufous and 
irrorated with black ; palpi black, whitish at tips ; antennae 



hlackisli except at base ; tarsi black riuged with white ; abdomen 
whitish suffused with brown. Fore wing grey tinged with ochreous 
brown and irrorated with fuscous, the terminal area suffused with 
fuscous ; subbasal line represented by a small black spot on costa 
and striga from cell ; antemedial line indistinct, double, oblique, 
minutely waved, with small black spots on the outer line at costa 
and submedian fold ; orbicular and reniform small, tinged with 
fascous and defined by blackish, the former rounded, the latter a 
narrow luniale with two white points on its inner edge and three 
on outer ; an indistinct sinuous medial line excurved in cell and 
with small black spot at costa; postmedial line with small black 
spot at costa, bent outwards below costa, then dentate, incurved 
below vein 4, another indistinct line beyond it and some whitish 
points on costa with slight dark streaks between them ; subterminal 
line indistinct, pale, deliued on inner side by small dentate rufous 
marks, minutely waved, angled outwards at vein 7 and excurved 
at middle ; a terminal series of minute black lunules. Hind wing- 
white, the veins and termeu slightly tinged with brown ; the 
underside with the costal area irrorated with brown, a slight dis- 
coidal point, postmedial series of minute streaks on the veins and 
terminal series of small black lunules from apex to vein 2. 

Ab. 1. leiicoptera. Head, thorax, and fore wing suffused with 
fuscous. — Scandinavia, Finland, Urals. 

Hah. Beitain, Leech Coll.^ Fkakcb ; Denmaek, Leech Coll.; 
Germany, Zeller & Leech Colls. ; Austria, Frey Coll., Tirol 
(Hamjjson); Hungaky, Leech Coll.; 8witzkrland, Frey Coll.; 
Spain ; Lialy, Savoy (Hampnon), Capri (5rown) ; Gkeece ; Algeria, 
Biskra ( WahingJiam), 2 $ , Khenchela ( Walsingham), 1 J ; Madeira 
(WoUaston), 1 §; Balkan States ; Scandinavia, Sondmore, Zeller 
Coll., Sarendal (Christi/) ■ Ktissia, Livonia, Zeller Coll.; Egypt, 
Cairo (Graves), 1 (5 ; Asia Minor, Pontiis, Bithynia, Amanus Mts., 
1 cJ; W. Turkestan, Issyk Kul ; W. Siberia, Altai; E. Turke- 
stan, Hi, Kashgar; E. Siberia, Araurland, 1 $; ? S. Africa, 1 c? 
type pidvero'sa (almost certainly a European specimen). Exjl>. 26- 
3t) millim. 

Larva. Meyr. Brit. Lep p. 122 ; Barrett, Lep. Brit. v. p. 293, pi. 221. f. 4. 

Fuscous, sometimes dorsal ly tinged with greenish ; dorsal line 
indistinctly paler, dark-edged, sometimes interrupted; lateral line 
hardly paler, sometimes dark-eds'ed ; spiracular line ])ale, dark- 
edged above ; head blackish or fuscous. Food-plants : Corn, Peas, 
&c., especially in ricks, forming a small chamber for habitation. 
9-5. 

3963. Athetis extima. (Plate CXXX. fig. 8.) 

Caradrina exthna Wlk. xxxii. 687 (1865) ; Suiitb, Cat. Noct. N. Am, 

p. 196. 
Caradrina civica, Gx-ote, Papiho, iii. p. 74 (1883). 

Head, thorax, and abdomen grey- white slighlly irrorated witli 
brown; palpi black, white at tips; antennaE! blacki.sh except at 
base; tarsi black, ringed with white. Fore wing grey- white 

VuL. VIII, z 



338 i^ocTuiD^. 

slightly irrorated with fuscous ; subbasal line black with small 
spot at costa and ending at submedian fold ; antemedial line black 
with small spot at costa, oblique, waved, angled inwards at vein 1; 
orbicular a small round blackish spot ; reniform a blackish lunale 
with some white points on its edges ; medial line blackish with 
small spot at costa, oblique to the reniform and incurved below the 
cell ; postmedial line black with small spot at costa, bent outwards 
below costa, then dentate, incurved below vein 4, some whitish 
points beyond it on costa ; subterminal line whitish defined on 
inner side by small dentate rufous marks, very slightly excurved 
below vein 7 and at middle ; the terminal area suffused with 
fuscous ; a terminal series of black points slightly defined by 
whitish on inner side. Hind wing white, the terminal area tinged 
with brown ; a terminal series of small dark spots from apex to 
vein 2 ; the underside with the costal and terminal areas slightly 
irrorated with brown, a blackish discoidal spot, postmedial rather 
diffused line from costa to vein 5, and terminal series of small spots. 

Hah. Canada, Manitoba, Aweme (CridcUe), 2 (5, Saskatchewan, 
Regina (Willinc/). I J, Alberta, Calgary {Wolley-Dod, Baird), 
6 c? 5 1 $ 5 ^^- Columbia (Hiss Ricardo), 1 $ , Vancouver {Haivhins, 
J. J. Walker), 1 c? , 1 ? type ; U.S.A., Oregon, Dalles, 1 2 , 
Colorado {Coclcerell), 2 S , Denver (Oslar), 1 c? , 1 5 , jN'evada, 1 c? , 
California ( Walsingham), 3 J • E.vjy. 32-38 millim. 

Larva. Head small, shining blackish, slightly brown-mottled. 
Body robust, obscure brown-mottled, with a broad paler dorsal 
stripe. Cervical shield concolorous wdth body. Food-plants : Low 
herbs ; lives concealed underground or under leaves. — H. G. D. 

3969. Athetis grisea. (Plate CXXX. fig. 9.) 

Caradrhia grinea, Ev. Bull. Mosc. 1848, iii. p. 215, & 1855, iv. p. 324 ; 

Stand. Cat. Lep. pal. p. 197. 
Caradrina cinerascens, Tengstr. IVot. Sails. Flor. & Faun. Fenn. vii. p. 309 

(1870). 

Head and thorax white tinged with red-brown and slightly 
irrorated wdth fuscous ; palpi black, white at tips ; antennae fuscous 
except at base ; tarsi fuscous ringed with white ; abdomen white 
mixed with some brown. Fore wing grey slightly tinged with 
reddish brown and irrorated with fuscous, the terminal area 
suffused with fuscous ; subbasal line represented by a black point 
on costa ; antemedial line very indistinct, double, with black spot 
on the outer line at costa, oblique, minutely waved ; orbicular a 
minute round whitish anuulus ; reniform defined by two white 
points on inner side and three on outer, some fuscous in lower 
part ; traces of a medial line with small black spot at costa ; post- 
medial line very indistinct, double, with small black spot at costa, 
bent outwards below costa, then minutely dentate, oblique below 
vein 4 ; subterminal line represented by a series of yellowish-white 
strise defined on inner side by small rufous dentate marks, exr 
curved below vein 7 and at middle ; a terminal series of blackish 



ATHETIS, 339 

points ; cilia with a fine pale line at base. Hind wing white, the 
apical area and termen to vein 2 tinged with brown ; the underside 
with the costal area slightly irrorated with brown, an indistinct 
rather dii1:used postmedial line from costa to vein 6 and terminal 
series of points from apex to vein 2. 

Hah. Scandinavia ; Russia, Finland, 1 $ , Urals, Sarepta 
{Christoph), 2 c^ , 2 $ . E.iy. 30-32 milJim. 

3970. Athetis hispaiiica. 

Carddrina hlspanica, Mab. Ann. Soc. Ent. Fr. 1906, p. 31, pi. 3. f. 1. 

$ . Head, thorax, and abdomen pale grey slightly mixed with 
fuscous ; palpi black, white at tips; antennae black except at base; 
tarsi black ringed with white. Fore wing pale grey irrorated with 
black, the terminal area suffused with fuscous ; subbasal line black, 
with small spot at costa and ending at submedian fold ; antemedial 
line black with spot at costa, oblique, minutely dentate and angled 
inwards at vein 1 ; orbicular a small round fuscous spot; reniform 
a fuscous Innule ; medial line fuscous with small black spot at 
costa, excurved at median nervure and angled outwards at vein 1 ; 
postmedial line black with small spot at costa, slightly bent out- 
wards below costa, then dentate, incurved below vein 4; subterminal 
line grey defined f)y rufous on inner side, angled outAvards at vein 7 
and excurved at middle ; a terminal series of small black lunules 
slightly defined by grey on inner side; a fine grey line at base of 
cilia. Hind wing white, the veins and terminal area to submedian 
fold suffused with brown ; a discoidal point ; cilia white with a 
brown line near base from apex to vein 2 ; the underside with the 
costal area irrorated with fuscous, a small discoidal spot, postmedial 
series of minute streaks on the veins, and terminal series of black 
points from apex to vein 2. 

Hab. S. Feance, Hautes Alpes {Hampson), 2 § ; Spain, La 
Granja, type t $ in Coll. Dumont. Exp. 32 millim. 

3971. Athetis ingrata. 

Caradrina ingrata, Staud. Iris, s. pp. 175, 286, pi. 4. L 13 (1897); id. 
Cat. Lep. pal. p. 196. 

Head and thorax white slightly mixed with brown ; palpi black 
at sides, white in front and at tips ; antennae black except basal 
joint ; tarsi black ringed with white ; abdomen white slightly 
irrorated with brown. Fore wing grey-white irrorated with brown, 
the terminal area suffused Avith fuscous ; subbasal line indistinct, 
double, with black point on outer line at costa, from costa to sub- 
median fold ; antemedial line indistinct, double, with black point on 
the outer line at costa, somewhat oblique and slightly angled out- 
Avards below costa and inwards on vein 1 ; orbicular a dark point; 
reniform a narrow brown luuule with some white scales on its 
edges ; traces of a diffused dark medial line with black spot on 

z2 



340 yocTTJiDJs. 

costa ; postmedial line blackish with black spot at costa, slightly 
bent outwards below costa, then minutely dentate, slightly angled 
inwards at discal fold, incurved below vein 4 and angled outwards 
at vein 1, some pale points with slight dark streaks between them 
beyond it on costa ; subterminal line formed of slight white marks 
defined by fuscous on inner aide, minutely waved, angled outwards 
at vein 7 and excurved at middle ; a terminal series of black points ; 
cilia with fine white line at base. Hind wing white, the termen 
tinged with brown from apex to vein 2 ; the underside with the 
ajiical area slightly irrorated with brown. 

Hah. Syria ; Palestine, 1 (5,1 5 • Exp. 22 millim. 

3972. Athetis albina. 

Caradrina cuhicidaris, Herr-Scluiif. Eur. Schitiett., Noct. f. 425 (nee Scliiff.). 
Caradrina albina, Ev. Bull. Mosc. 1848, iii. p. 215, & 1855, iv. p. 325 ; 

Stand. Cat. Lep. pMl. p. 196. 
Charadrina congesta. Led. Verb, zool.-bot. Ges. Wien. 1853, p. 372, pi. 5. f.2. 

Head and thorax ochreous white ; palpi blackish, white at tips ; 
antennse tinged with fuscous except at base; tarsi .tinged witli 
fuscous and ringed with white ; abdomen white slightly tinged 
with ochreous. Fore wing pale ochreous, the terminal area tinged 
with fuscous : subbasal line represented by a fuscous point on costa, 
the antemedial line by a small black spot on costa and fuscous 
points in submedian fold and on inner margin ; oi'bicular absent ; 
reniform faintly tinged with fuscous, with two white points on 
inner side and three on outer ; a medial fuscous point on costa ; 
postmedial line indistinct, with small black point at costa, bent 
outwards below costa, slightly incurved at discal fold, incurved 
below vein 4 ; subterminal line whitish slightly defined by rufous 
on inner side and slightly excurved below vein 7 and at middle ; 
a terminal series of slight fuscous points. Hing wing pure white. 

Ab. 1. congesta. Fore wing greyer and irrorated with black. 

Hah. Russia, Urals, Orenburg, 2 c? , 2 $ ; S. Russia (Grimi- GrisJi- 
mailo), 1 2 5 Odessa, 2 c? : Asia Minok, Pontus ; Persia, Shahkuh 
(Chrisfoph), 1 $ ; W. Turkestan, Ferghana, Saisan, Issyk Kul, Ala 
Tau ; W. Siberia, Altai ; Tibet, Kuku Nor. Ea-p. 32-34 millim. 

Larva. Ochreous faintly mottled and striated with brown 
except on ventral surface ; subdorsal line indistinct, pale ; stigmata 
black ; head brownish, 

3973. Athetis terrea. 

NocUa ierrca. Err. Neue Beitr. Schroett. iv. p. 26. pi. 303. ff. 3, 4 (1842); 

Herr.-Schaff. Eur. Sobmett., Noct. ff. 90, 409 : Staud. Cat. Lep. pal. p. 197. 
Caradrina u&tirena, Boisd. G-eii. & Ind. Meth. p. 137 (1810); Dup. Lep. 

Fr., Suppl. iv. p. 221, pi. 69. f. 3. 
Caradrhia dubiosa, Staud. Cat. Lep. Eur. p. Ill (1871). 

Head and thorax pale red-brown ; palpi black, Avhite at tips ; 
antennti? blackish except at base ; tarsi blackish ringed with white; 



ATHETIS. 341 

abdomeu wliiti&h sviffusod with red-brown. Fore wing pale reddish 
brown slightly irrorated with black, the terminal area suffused 
with fuscous ; subbasal line represented by a black point on costa ; 
antemedial line double, the inner line very indistinct, slightly 
angled outwards below cosfa and inwards on vein 1, with small 
black spot at costa ; orbicular small, round, defined by blackish ; 
reniform narrow, defined by blackish, with white point on iuner 
side below, one on outer above and two below ; an indistinct medial 
line oblique from costa to median nervure, then sinuous ; post- 
medial line double, the outer liue indistinct, with black spot at 
costa, bent outwards below costa, then dentate, incurved at discal 
fold and b^low vein 4; subterminal line indistinct, pale, defined on 
inner side by small dentate black marks between veins 7 and 3, 
very slightly excurved below costa and at middle ; a terminal 
stries of slight blackish striae, Huid wing white, the termeu 
suffused with fuscous from apex to vein 2, difi'used inw^ards on the 
veins ; the undei'side with the costal area irrorated with brown, a 
slight discoidal point. 

Ab. 1. dubiosa. Fore wing wath the dentate fdaek subfermiual 
marks obsolete. 

Ab. 2. ustirena. Paler; fore wing more ochreous brown, the 
markings less developed. — S. France, 

Ab. 3. Head, thorax, and fore wing grey without any brown or 
ochreous tinge, — Zermalt. 

Hab. S. France, Zeller & Leeeh Colis. ; Germany, Leech Coll. ; 
Austria, Tirol ; Hctngaky, Zeller, Frey & Leech Colls, ; Switzer- 
land, Zermatt ; Dalmatia ; S. Russia, Sarepta (Christoph); Asia 
Minor, Taurus; Persia; W. Turkestan, Ferghana, Issyk Kul ; 
Mongolia, Urga ; E. Siberia, Amurland. E.xy. 34-38 millim. 

Larva. Kirby, Butt. & Moths Eur. p. 173 ; Hffm. Eaup. p 109. 

Pale grey mottled with brown ; dorsal line and segmental rings 
whitish ; stigmata black ; head dark brown. Food-plants : Taruxl- 
cam and other low-growing herbs. 

3974. Athetis fusicornis. 

Caradrina fusicornis, Rtnbr. Ann. Soc. Ent. Fr. 1832, p. 286, pi. 9. f. 5 ; 

Diip. Lep. Pr.,Suppl. iii. pi. 29. f. 4; Staud. Cat. Lep. pal. p. 190. 
Nocfica kadenii, Frr. Neue Beitr. Schmett. ii. p 147, pi. 18i) (1836) ; Fisrtli. 

von Eiosl. Schmett. pi. 36. ff. 2a, b. ; Dup. Lep. Fr., Suppl. iii. pi. 29. 

fF. i,a,b; Herr.-Schafi'. Eur. Schmett., Noct. f. 408 ; Hinpsn. Moths 

Ind. ii. p. 260 ; Staud. Cat. Lep. pal. p. 197. 
Caradrina pj'oxima, Rmbr. Faun. And. pi. 18. f. 7 (1839). 
Caradrina variabilis, Bell. Ann. Soc. Ent. Fr. 1865, p. 104. pi. 2. f. 1. 
Caradrina farinacea, Moore, P. Z. S. 1888, p. 411. 

Head and thorax whitish tinged with pale reddish brown ; palpi 
black, white at tips ; antennae blackish except at base ; tarsi 
blackish, ringed with white ; abdomen whitish tinged with ochreous 
brown. Fore wing whitish tinged with pale reddish brown and with 
islight dark irroration ; subbasal line represented by a black point 
on costa and striga from cell; antemedial line very indistinct, oblique, 



342 TJ0CTTT1D.1-:. 

sinuous, with black spot at costa ; orbicular a rufous point; 
reniform a rufous lunule defined by whitish points ; faint traces of a 
sinuous medial line ; postmedial line very indistinct, with series of 
black poijits on it and spot at costa, bent outwards below costa, then 
minutely dentate, incurved below vein 4; subterminal line repre- 
sented by a series of slight whitish strise defined on inner side by 
small rufous dentate marks at middle, slightly excurved below 
vein 7 and at middle and more or less angled inwards at discal 
fold ; a terminal series of black strise. Hind wing pure M'hite with 
some blackish strise on termen from below apex to vein 2 ; the 
underside with the costal area irrorated with brown, a slight 
discoidal lunule, postmedial series of points on the veins, and 
terminal series of black striae. 

Ab. 1. 2}ro.vima. Paler; fore wing whitish grey. 

Ab. 2. variabilis. Fore wing whitish grey slightly irrorated 
with pinkish or yellowish. — Corsica. 

Ab. 3. farinacea. Fore wing with the centre of reniform 
fuscous with black points round it. 

Hah. S. Feance. Frey Coll ; Atjstiiia. Tirol ; Hungaet, Zeller, 
Frey & Leech Colls., Carniola; Spain; Corsica, typef $ in Coll. 
Mabille; Italy; Sjcily, Zeller Coll; Dalmatia ; Turkey, Leech 
Coll. : S. Russia; Asia Minok, Pontus, Taurus; Japan, Yokohama 
(Manleif), 1 cJ , 1 $ ; Cokea ; Kashmie, Narkundah {Mc Arthur), 
2 5 ; Punjab, Kulu, Sultanpur {O. Yoimg), 1 (5,1 $ , Simla, 1 $ 
Ivpe farinacea, Dharmsala {Hoclcing), 3 5,5$, Umballa, 2 J. 
^.rp. '32-36. 

Larva. Kirby, Butt. & Motlis Eiir. p. 173; Hffia. Eaup. p. 109, pi. 30. 

Grey-brown ; dorsal line whitish ; lateral lines dark ; head and 
thoracic shield dark brown. Feeds on various low-growing plants. 
3-4. 

3975. Atlietis melanosticta, n. sp. (Plate CXXX. fig. 10.) 
Head and thorax ochreous white slightly irrorated with brown ; 
palp,, black, white at tips; antennse fuscous except towards base; 
tibisR and tarsi fuscous, the latter with slight pale rings ; abdomen 
ochieous white, the anal tuft tinged with rufous, the ventral surface 
suffused with fuscous except at base. Fore wing pale ochreous 
thickly irrorated with fuscous, the terminal area suffused with 
fuscous from apex to vein 4 ; subbasal line absent ; antemedial line 
represented by black points on the veins; orbiculHr a black point ; 
reniform small, defined by black and whitish points; traces of a 
medial line, oblique and sinuous from costa to lower angle of cell ; 
postmedial line indistinct, with black point at costa, bent outwards 
below costa, then oblique, dentate and produced to black points on 
the veins; subterminal line represented by small dentate black 
marks from costa to vein 4, somewhat angled outwards at vein 7 ; 
a terminal series of prominent black points. Hind wing pure 
white ; the underside with the costal area tinged with ochreous 
and irrorated with brown. 



ATHETIS. 343 

Ab. 1„ Fore wing much, more thickly irrorated with fuscous, the 
markings obscured. 

IJah. Ek. E. A]?kica, Taveta (Rogers), 3 2 , Athi-ya-Mawe 
(Betton), 1 c? type; Mashonaland (I>o66)!"e), 1 ($ ; Natal, Estcourt 
{Hutchinson), 1 2 , Durban {Leigh), 1 S . Exp. 24-26 millim. 



3976. Athetis flavipuncta, n. sp. (Plate CXXX. fig. 11.) 

Head and thorax ochreous white ; palpi with, the 2nd joint black 
behind ; antennae black ; tarsi fuscous ringed with white ; abdomen 
white irrorated with brown. Fore wing ochreous white with slight 
dark irroration ; subbasal line represented by slight black points on 
josta and median nervure with a black point beyond them in cell ; 
antemedial line indistinct, blackish, curved, with black point at 
costa and angled inwards to black points on median nervure and 
vein 1 ; orbicular an indistinct small round brown spot ; reniform 
indistinct, fascous, constricted at middle, with orange spot on its 
outer edge with white point above it and two below it ; postmedial 
line indistinct, blackish, interrupted, with black point at costa, bent 
outwards below costa, then dentate and produced to slight blackish 
points on the veins, incurved below vein 4; subterminal line 
yellowish defined on inner side by fuscous, slightly angled out- 
wards at vein 7 and incurved at submedian fold ; the terminal area 
tinged with fuscous ; a terminal series of black striae defined on 
inner side by slight yellowish marks; cilia fuscous mixed with 
grey and with slight grey line through them. Hind wang pure 
white, the apical area tinged with brown ; a fine brown terminal 
line; cilia tinged with brown at apex; the iinderside with the 
costal area slightly tinged with yellow and irrorated wdth brown, a 
small discoidal spot and terminal series of black stria?. 

Hah. Mashonaland, ^Vlisbury {Marshall, Bobbie), 3 c? , 2 $ 
type. Exp. 28-30 miUim. 



3977. Athetis croceipuncta, n. sp. (Plate CXXX. fig. 12.) 

(^ . Head and thorax reddish brown mixed with some grey ; 
palpi black, the extremity of 2nd joint and the 3rd joint in front 
Avbite ; antennae black ; tarsi fuscous ringed with white ; abdomen 
whitish suffused with brown. Fore wing greyish tinged with red- 
brown; subbasal line represented by black points on costa and 
below cell with a point beyond them in cell ; antemedial line fine, 
blackish, with black point on costa, slightly angled outwards below 
costa and in submedian fold and inwards on median nervure and 
vein 1 ; orbicular a round brown spot, faintly defined by whitish ; 
reniform defined by brown and with some white points round it and 
orange point on outer edge, somewhat constricted at middle ; an 
indistinct oblique brown line from lower angle of cell to inner 
margin; postmedial line fine, blackish, with black point at costa, 
bent outwards below costa, then oblique, dentate and produced to 



344 KOCTtflD.E. 

black points on the veins; siibterrainal line faintly defined by 
brown suffusion on inner side, angled outwards at vein 7 and 
excurved at middle ; a terminal series of black striae ; cilia greyish 
fuscous. Hind wing white, the costal area tinged with brown ; a 
fine brown terminal line ; cilia brown towards apex ; the underside 
with the costal area irrorated with fuscous brown. 

Hah. Transvaal {Cliolmley), 1 ci" ; C. Colony, Transkei {Miss F. 
Barrett), 2 c5' type. Kv2y. 24-30 millim. 

3978. Athetis germaini. 

Bryophila germainii, Dup. Ami. Soc. Ent. Fr. 1835, p. 194, pi. 4 a. f. 2 ; 
id. Lep. Fr., Suppl. iii. pi. 28. f. 5; Rmbr. Faun. And. pi. 18. f. 8 ; 
Frr. Neue Beitr. Schmett. pi. 4H7. f. \i ; Herr.-Schiiff'. Eur. Schinett., 
Noct. f. 143; Staud. Oat. Lep. pal. p. TJ?. 

Head and thorax whitish suffused with pale red-brown ; palpi 
black, white at tips ; antennae blackish except at base ; tarsi 
blackish ringed with white ; abdomen white tinged with brown. 
Fore wing pale red brown irrorated with fuscous, the terminal area 
suffused with fuscous ; a slight subbasal line from costa to sub- 
median fold with black point at costa; autemedial line very 
indistinct, oblique, sinuous, with small black spot at costa ; 
orbicular represented by a few black scales ; renitorm a brown 
lunule with two white points on inner edge and three on outer and 
a small yellowish lunule at middle of outer side; faint traces of a 
curved medial line; postmedial line hardly traceable, double, with 
small black spot at costa, slightly bent outwards below costa and 
incurved below vein 4, some yellowish points beyond it on costa ; 
subterminal line indistinct, pale, slightly defined by fuscous on 
inner side, somewhat angled outwards at vein 7 and excurved at 
middle ; a terminal series of minute blackish points with whitish 
points on their inner side : a fine pale line at base of cilia. Hind 
wing white, the veins and marginal areas suffused Mith reddish 
brown ; cilia white, brown at apex and with brown line near base 
from apex to vein 2; the underside with the costal area irrorated 
with brown, a discoidal point, postmedial series of points on the 
veins, and terminal series of points from apex to vein 2. 

Hab. S. France, Zellei' Coll ; Spain, Catalonia ; Sicily ; Al&eria. 
E.vp. 30 millim. 

3979. Athetis obtusa. 

Caradrina ohtusa, Hmpsn. 111. Het. B. M. viii. p. 79, pi. 145. f. 6 (1891) ; 
id. Moths Ind. ii. p. 261. 

Head and thorax whitish tinged with red-brown ; palpi black, 
"white in front and at tips ; antennae fuscous except at base; tarsi 
fuscous ringed with white ; abdomen grey tinged with brown and 
irrorated with fuscous. Fore wing grey slightly tinged with red- 
brown and irrorated with fuscous ; subbasal line blackish, curved, 
-from costa to submedian fold; antemedial line blackish, curved, 
minutely dentate; orbicular a black point; reniform indistinct, 



ATHETIS. 345 

fuscous brown, constricted at mirldle wlierc there is a slight yellowish 
point on its outer edge with traces of white ])oints above and below 
it; traces of a sinuous brown medial line; postmedial line black, 
oblique from costa to vein 7, then dentate, slightly incurved at 
submediau fold ; subterminal line defined by fuscous suffusion on 
inner fide, slightly angled outwards at veins 7, 6, exeurved and 
waved at middle ; a terminal series of black strise ; cilia with a 
yellowish line at base. Hind wing white, the costal area tinged 
with brown ; the underside with the costal area irrorated with 
brown, a discoidal point and postmedial and terminal series of 
points from costa to vein 2. 

Hah. Hong Kong {J. J. WalJcer), 1 2 ; Madras, Nilgiris (Ramp- 
son), 4 5 type ; Eoeneo, Kuching (Shelford), 1 ? , Mt. Marapok, 
1 cJ ; Queensland, Townsville (Dodd), 1 $ , Mackay, 1 $ , Bris- 
bane (Turner), 1 (5,1 2- ^-^T- 34-36 millira. 

3980. Athetis ignava, (Plate CXXX. fig. 13.) 

Caradrina ignava, Gnen. ISoct. i. p. 247 (1852). 
Caradrina 'pervicax, Wllgni. Ofv. Vet-.-Akad. Forh. 1875. i. p. 107. 
Caradrina 'partita, Hmpsn. Nat. Hist. Sokotra, p. 323, pi. -U. f. 24 
(.iieo Wlk.). 

Head and thorax pale grey tinged with reddish brown ; palpi 
black, the 2nd joint white in front and at tips; antennae with the 
basal half white, the terminal half fuscous ; pectus and legs grey 
mixed with fuscous, the tarsi fuscous ringed with white ; abdome:i 
grey dorsally suffused with fuscous, ventrally irrorated with fuscous. 
Fore wing grey tinged with reddish brown and irrorated with 
fuscous ; subbasal line slight, fuscous, curved, from costa to sub- 
median fold ; antemedial line indistinct, fuscous, oblique, sinuous ; 
orbicular a small round black spot ; reniform slightly defined by 
fuscous, with small yellow spot on its outer edge with one white point 
above it and two below it ; an indistinct oblique sinuous medial line ; 
postmedial line slight, blackish, oblique from costa to vein 7, in- 
curved at discal fold, oblique from vein 4 to submedian fold and 
exeurved above inner margin, a series of slight black points beyond 
it on the veins followed by a faint curved line; subterminal line 
indistinct, pale, slightly defined by brown on inner side, exeurved 
below vein 7 and at middle ; a terminal series of slight black points ; 
cilia with a fine yellow line at base. Hind wing pure white ; the 
underside with the costal area tinged with yellow and slightly 
irrorated with brown, postmedial black points on veins 8 to 6. 

Hah. SoKOTEA, Adho Dimellus (O.-Orant), 2 $ ; Be. E. Africa, 
Athi-ya-Mawe (Betton), 1 2 , Lagari (Betton),2 $ , Ndimu (Bettoa), 
5 2 ^ Nairowa (Betton), 3 2 , Kikuja (Craws/my), 1 $ ; Gazaland, 
Chirinda Forest (Marshall), 1 c? ; Teansvaal (Cholmley), 2 c? , 
1 §, Pretoria (Janse), 1 d" , Piet Retief (Crawshay), 1 c5' , 1 2 ; 
Natal, Tugela R. (Beynolds), 1 ,2 , Estcourt (Hutchinson), 2 S ; 
Matjrttiijs, Curepipe (Tidloch), 2 J • Ha'jJ. 30-32 millim. Type f 
in Mus, Paris. 



346 



NOCTriD.^:. 



3981. Athetis pigra. (Plate CXXX. fi- 14.) 

Caradrina pigra, Guen. Noct. i. p. 248 (1852). 
Caradrlna partita, Wlk. x. 294 (185()). 

Caradrina orhata, MoscLil. Verh. zool.-bot. Ges. Wien, xxxiii. p. 293, 
pi. xvi. f. 7 (1883). 

Head, thorax, and abdomen pale rufous mixed with greyish ; 
palpi black, greyish at tips ; antennae fuscous except at base ; 
pectus and legs fuscous brown, the tarsi with pale rings. Fore 
wing greyish sufi'used and irrorated with rufous ; subbasal line 
slight, angled outwards below costa and ending at submedian fold ; 
antemedial line indistinct, double, the lines widely separated, bent 
inwards to costa, then erect, sinuous; orbicular absent; reniform 
faint, brownish, with minute yellow lunule on outer edge with 
white point above it and three below it ; an oblique sinuous brown 
medial line ; postmedial line brown, excurved from costa to vein 3 
and incurved in submedian interspace, with series of slight dark 
points beyond it on the veins followed by a faint curved line 
approximated to the indistinct brown sublerminal line, which is 
slightly angled outwards at vein 7 ; a fine dark terminal line and 
yellow line at base of cilia. Hind wing white, the apex faintly 
tinged with brown ; a fine brown terminal line ; cilia brownish at 
apex ; the underside with the costal area strongly irrorated with 
brown, a postmedial series of minute dark streaks on the veins 
from costa to vein 2 with dark line on costal area. 

Hah. W. Africa, Congo (liicJiardson), 1 5 type partita • Be. E. 
Africa, Mombasa (de la Garde), 3 $ ; Tkansvaal, White R. 
(GooJce), 1 2 ; Natal {Gooch), 1 cT , 1 2 ; C, Colont, Caff'raria ; 
Reunion ; Mauritius, Curepipe (Talloch), 2 cJ . Exj). 30-32 
millim. 

3982. Athetis siiicera. (Plate CXXX. fig. 15.) 

82}CBlotis sincera. Swinli. P. Z. S. 1889, p. 411; Hmpsn. Moths Ind. ii, 
p. 261. 

Head, thorax, and abdomen ochreous ; palpi black at sides except 
at tips ; antennae blackish except at base ; tarsi tinged with fuscous 
and with slight pale rings. Fore wing ochreous tinged with 
fuscous and irrorated with whitish ; subbasal line represented by 
slight dark points below costa and cell ; antemedial line indistinct, 
waved ; orbicular a dark point ; reniform indistinct, fuscous 
surrounded by some white points, narrow above and constricted at 
middle ; medial shade indistinct, waved ; postmedial line indistinct, 
minutely dentate, excurved from costa to vein 4, then incurved ; 
subterminal line indistinct, pale, slightly defined by fuscous on 
inner side, angled outwards at vein 7 and excurved at middle ; a 
terminal series of slight dark points. Hind wing white slightly 
tinged Avith ochreous ; the underside with the costal area slightly 
irrorated with brown. 

Hah. Punjab, Ivulu, Sultanpur {G. Yoiuirj), 5 d, 2 5? Simla 
(iSwmJwe), 1 2 type. Ex2). 30-34 millim. 



ATniriis. 347 



3983. Athetis placida. 

Bttdinacra placida^ Moore, Lep. Ceyl. iii. p. 30, pi. 147. f. 4 (1884) ; 
Hmpsii. Moths Ind. ii. p. 261. 

Head, thorax, and abdomen pale rufous mixed with greyish ; palpi 
hlack, white at tips ; antennae black ; tarsi black ringed with white. 
J'"ore wing greyish suffused with rufons and with slight dark 
irroration ; subbasal line slight, dark, curved, from costa to sub- 
median fold; aniemedial line very indistinct, oblique, sinuous; 
orbii-ular a black point ; reniform indistinct, diffused, blackish, 
constricted at middle, with an ochreous point on its outer edge 
and slight whitish points round it ; traces of a dark medial line, 
oblique from costa to reniform and sinuous below the cell ; post- 
medial line slight, blackish, bent outwards below costa, then 
minutel}- dentate, incurved below vein 4 ; subterminal line defined 
by blackish suffusion on inner side, minutely dentate, excurved 
I'clow vein 7 and at middle; a terminal series of black striae. 
Hind wing whif e, the apex slightly tinged with brown ; the under- 
side with the costal area tinged with ochreous, a dark discoidal 
point and postmedial points on the veins from costa to vein 4. 

Hah. Ceylon, 3 cj- , 1 $ type. Exp. 26-30 millim. 



3984. Athetis cognata. (Plate CXXX. fig. 16.) 

Gmplnphora cognata, Moore, Lep. Atk. p. 119 (1882); Hiupsn. Mollis 
Ind. ii. p. 259. 

Head and thorax grey mixed with pale brown ; palpi black at 
sides, whitish in front aad at tips ; tarsi fuscous ringed with white ; 
abdomen grey suffused with brown. Fore wing grey tinged with 
ochreous and irrorated wdth brown, the terminal area suffused with 
fuscous ; subbasal line black, curved, from costa to submedian fold ; 
antemedial line black, excurved below costa and slightly incurved 
below submedian fold ; orbicular a black point ; reniform a minute 
yellow spot with white point above it; medial line fuscous, oblique 
from costa to lower angle of cell, then incurved ; postmedial line 
black, oblique from costa to vein 7, then produced to slight streaks 
on the veins, incurved below vein 4 and bent outwards above inner 
margin, traces of a curved line beyond it and some pale points on 
costa ; subterminal line defined by fuscous suffusion on inner side, 
excurved below vein 7 and at middle ; a slight black terminal line 
and slight pale lines at base and middle of cilia. Hind wing white, 
the veins, costal area, and termen tinged with brown ; a fine 
brown terminal line ; cilia white with a brown line through them ; 
the underside with the costal area irrorated with brown, a slight 
discoidal spot and postmedial series of points on the veins from 
costa to vein 3. 

Hah. Punjab, Jubbulpore, 1 5 ; Sikhim {AtMnson, Dudgeon), 
1 J , 1 2 fype ; EoMBAY (SivirJwe), 5 $ ; Madras, Bellary, Raman 
drug (Ca})i_[)bdl). 1 d" , Xilgiris {Hampson), 1 J. Exp. 22 millim. 



348 xocTUJD.i;. 

3985. Athetis singula. (Plate CXXX. fig. 17.) 

Caradrina shignla, Moschl. Verli. zool.-bol. Ges. Wien, xxxiii. p. 292, 
pi. xvi. f. 6 (1883). 

Head and thorax rufous; palpi black, whitish at tips ; antenna? 
black except basal joint ; pectus and legs ochreous mixed with 
fuscous, the tarsi black ringed with white ; abdomen pale rufous 
tinged with fuscous. Fore wing yellowish suffused with rufous ; 
subbasal line black, escnrved below costa and ending at submedian 
fold; antemedial line black with small spot at costa, slightly angled 
outwards below costa, excurved below cell and above inner margin and 
angled inwards on vein 1 ; orbicular an indistinct round fuscous 
spot; reniform fuscous with small ochreous white lunule on its 
outer edge, usuall}^ with points above and below it ; medial line 
diffused, fuscous, oblique from costa to lower angle of cell, then 
incurved; postmedial line black with small spot at costa, bent 
outwards below costa, then minutely dentate and produced to slight 
streaks on the veins, excurved to vein 4, then incurved ; sub- 
lerminal line defined by fuscous suffusion on inner side, angled 
outwards at vein 7 and excurved at middle; a terminal series of 
black points with white points on their inner side ; cilia greyish 
fuscous with fine pale lines at base and middle. Hind wing white, 
the costal area and tcrmen to vein 2 tinged with ochreous brown, 
a fine brown terminal line ; cilia brownish at apex ; the underside 
with the costal area irrorated with brown, a blackish discoidal spot, 
slight postmedial line on costal area, and black terminal line. 

Hah. Mashonaland, Salisbury {Marshall, Bobbie), 1 c? , 3 5 : 
BBCnuANALAND, jSF'Gami (Lugarcl), 1 J" : Natal, Maritzburg 
(Burnuj)), 1 d , 1 $ , Duff Eoad, 1 J ; C. Colony, Caffraria. 
Ex2J. 28-30 millim. 

3986. Athetis heliastis, n. sp. (Plate CXXX. fig. 18.) 

S . Head whitish ; palpi black, white at tips and with black 
point on 3rd joint ; frons with lateral black spots ; antennae 
blackish ; thorax black-brown with a slight greyish tinge ; pectus 
and legs grey mixed with black, the tarsi black ringed with white ; 
abdomen fuscous mixed with grey. Fore wing black-brown 
irrorated with grey ; subbasal line black slightly defined by 
ochreous on outer side, from costa to submedian fold, a white point 
beyond it in cell : antemedial line black with ochreous point on 
costa, oblique, waved; orbicular with ochreous points on inner and 
outer edges ; reniform a small round orange spot with ochreous point 
oninnerside above, white point on outer, and three w^hite points below 
all defined by black ; a faint dark line from lower angle of cell to 
inner margin ; postmedial line indistinct, blackish slightly defined 
by grey on outer side, bent outwards below costa, then with black 
points beyond it on the veins, excurved to vein 4, then incurved, 
some while points beyond it on costa ; subterminal line represented 
by a series of faint pale points, excurved below vein 7 and at middle; 



ATHETTS. 349 

a terminal series of black points with white points on their inner 
side ; cilia fuscous black. Hind wing white, the apical area and 
termen tinged with fuscous ; a Wack terminal line ; cilia white 
with fuscous line through them from apex to vein 2 ; the underside 
white, the costal area irrorated with black, the apex tinged with 
brown, a black discoidal spot, and sinuous postmedial line from 
costa to vein 3. 

Bah. Teaxsvaal, White E,. {Cools), 1 (S ^ype. Exp. 30 millim. 



3987. Athetis anomoeosis, n. sp. (Plate CXXX. fig. 19.) 

5. Head and thorax reddish browai tinged with gre)' ; palpi 
black, white at tips ; lower part of f rons Avhilish ; antennae Wack ; 
pectus and legs whitish mixed with brown, the tarsi fuscous 
ringed with white ; abdomen reddish brown, the ventral surface 
white irrorated with brown. Fore wing reddish brown suffused 
with fuscous and irrorated with grej- ; subbasal line black, 
excurved below costa and ending at submedian fold ; antemedial 
line indistinct, blackish, oblique, waved, with small black spot at 
costa; orbicular a faint dark mark; reniform a minute whitish 
lunule with white points above and below it ; traces of a slight 
dark medial line ; postmedial line indistinct, slight, faintly defined 
by grey on outer side, with small black spot at costa, bent outwards 
below costa, then minutely waved, incurved below vein 4, some pale 
])oints with slight blacki.sh streaks between them beyond it on 
costa ; subterminal line very indistinct, pale, faintly defined by 
brown suffusion on inner side, excurved below vein 7 and at 
middle; a fine dark terminal line and pale line at base of cilia. 
Hind Aving pure white ; a fine brown terminal line from apex to 
vein 2 ; cilia yellowish with brown tips from apex to vein 2 ; the 
iinderside with the costal area irrorated Avith dark brown, a dark 
discoidal spot, difi['u«ed postmedial line from costa to vein 6, and 
terminal series of minute lunules. 

Hah. Br. E. Afkica, Gwelil (Befton), 2 5 typo. Ed^. 28 
miUini. 



3988. Athetis albirena. 

Caradriua albirena, Hippsn. Ann. S. Afr. Mas. ii. p. 302 (1902). 

c5' . Head white mixed with some fuscous ; palpi blackish, white 
at tips ; thorax fuscous mixed with some white : pectus and legs 
whitish, the tibiae banded with fuscous, the tarsi fuscous ringed with 
white ; abdomen grey irrorated with brown, the anal tuft tinged with 
rufous. Fore wing fuscous mixed with white ; antemedial line 
Avhitish, ill-defined and diffused, slightly waved, erect ; orbicular 
absent ; renil'orm white defined by black and tinged with yellow at 
middle; postmedial line hardly traceable, defined by a few white scales 
and with white snot at costa, bent outwards below costa, then 



350 N0CTTJID2E. 

minutely waved, incurved below vein 4, a white point beyond it on 
costa ; subterminal line represented by slight w^bite points and 
small white spots on costa just before apex and above tornus. 
Hind Aving white irroratcd with brown especially on terminal area ; 
a slight discoidal spot ; cilia white with a slight brown line near 
base ; the underside with the costal and terminal areas irroratcd 
wath brown, a small discoidal spot and indistinct curved jjostmedial 
line. 

Hah. Bechuanaland, N'Gami (Lugard), 1 J type. Ex'p. 20 
millim. 



3989. Athetis leuconephra, n. sp. (Plate CXXX. fig. 21.) 

S . Head and tegulse white tinged with rufous ; palpi black at 
base : antennae black ringed with white ; thorax dark brown with 
some white scales, the metathorax blue-black ; pectus and legs 
ochreous white, the tibiae banded with black, the tarsi black ringed 
with white; abdomen brown mixed with ochreous, the ventral 
surface ochreous white irrorated with brown. Fore wing greyish 
fuscous irrorated with white and with some ochreous below 
costa and in submedian fold to postmedial line ; subbasal line black 
defined by white on outer side, minutely waved, from costa to 
submedian fold ; anteraedial line black slightly datined by white on 
inner side on costal half, angled outwards below costa, then oblique, 
sinuous ; orbicular a small round black spot with white annulus, a 
black patch beyond it before the reniform, which is pure white 
slightly defined by black and with slight black lunule in centre ; a 
diffused oblique sinuous dark line from lower angle of cell to inner 
margin ; postmedial line black defined by ochreous on outer side, 
strongly bent outwards below costa, then minutely waved, 
excurved to vein 4, then incurved, some white points beyond it on 
costa ; subterminal line formed of white scales with minute black 
streaks before it from below costa to vein 3, angled outwards at 
vein 7, excurved at middle and angled inwards at discal and sub- 
median folds ; a terminal series of black striae. Hind wing ochreous 
suffused with brown; cilia ochreous white, brown at apex; the 
underside white slightly irrorated with brown, the costal area 
tinged with ochreous, a dark discoidal point, curved postmedial line, 
and terminal series of dark stria3. 

Bab. Mashojjaland, Salisbury (Marshall), 1 c5' type. E^^p. 26 
millim. 

3990. Athetis bicornis. 

Orthosia hicornis, Hoipsn. 111. Het. B. M. viii. p. 77, pi. 145. f. 18 (1891) ; 
id. Moths Ind. ii. p. 262. 

Head, thorax, and abdomen whitish mixed with brown ; palpi 
black at sides except at tips ; tarsi fuscous ringed with white. 
Fore wing grey suffused Avith browu and irrorated with fuscous, the 



ATHETIS. 351 

terminal area rather browner ; subbasal line black, from costa to 
submedian fold ; antemedial line indistinct, blackish, oblique from 
costa to median nervure, then slightly sinuous ; orbicular repre- 
sented by an oblique black bar on inner side touching the 
antemedial line, with two points beyond it ; reniform a black lunule 
slightly defined by whitish and with two black points on its inner 
side ; a faint dark medial line oblique from costa to reniform, then 
erect ; postmedial line very indistinct, with small black spot at costa 
and slightly defined by grey on outer side, bent outwards below 
costa, excurved to vein 4, then incurved, some white points beyond 
it on costa ; subterminal line prominent, whitish, excurved at vein 7 
and slightly incurved below vein 3 ; a terminal series of minute 
black points ; cilia with white line at base. Hind wing white, the 
veins and marginal areas tinged with brown, a slight discoidal 
point ; cilia white with a slight brown line through them ; the 
underside with the costal and terminal area to vein 2 irrorated with 
brown, a black discoidal point, postmedial series of points on the 
veins, and terminal series of points from apex to vein 2. 

Hah. Madras, Gooty {Camphdl), 1 c? , Nilgiris {Hampton), 1 J, 
2 $ type. Exjp. 30 millim. 

3991. Athetis meralis. (Plate CXXX. fig. 22.) 

Caradrina meralis, Morr. Can. Ent. vii. p. 215 (1875) ; Sinitli, Cat. Noct. 

N. Am. p. 195. 
Carairina bilunata, Grote, Can. Ent. ix. p. 199 (1877). 

5 . Head and thorax pale brown tinged with rufous and 
mixed with whitish ; palpi black at sides, the tips whitish ; tarsi 
blackish ringed with whitish ; abdomen pale reddish brown. 
Pore wing grey tinged with rufous and thickly irrorated with 
black; subbasal line black defined by greyish on outer side, from 
costa to submedian fold ; antemedial line indistinctly double filled in 
with grey, oblique, minutely and irregularly sinuous ; orbicular 
absent ; reniform a small black lunule ; postmedial line indistinctly 
double filled in with grey, bent outwards below costa, then 
minutely waved, oblique below vein 4 ; traces of a minutely waved 
subterminal line ; a terminal series of black striae. Hind wino- 
white, the veins and marginal areas slightly irrorated with brown ; 
the underside with the costal area irrorated with brown, a slight 
discoidal lunule and traces of postmedial line from costa to vein 4. 

Hah. Canada, Br. Columbia, Kaslo (CocMe), 1 5; U.S.A. 
N. & E. States, Maine, Massachusetts, Magnolia (Thaxier), 2 $ type 
hiliinata, JSTew Mexico. Ex/>. 34 millim. 



3992. Athetis melanopis, n. sp. (Plate CXXX. fig. 23.) 

(^ . Head and thorax fuscous brown mixed with some grev ; 
pectus and legs paler ; abdomen grey irrorated with brown. PoVe 



.'J52 NOCTtJJDiE. 

wing greyish thicl^l^- suffused and irrorated Avith fuscous Ijrown ; 
subhasal line blackish, Avaved, from cosfa to submedian fold ; ante- 
medial line indistinct, dark, oblique from costa to median nervure, 
then slightly incurved ; orbicular a somewhat oblique black spot 
touching the antemedial linti ; reniform rather oblique elliptical with 
small black spot on upper edge ard two at lower extremity ; a rather 
diffused dark line from lower angle of cell to innermargin : postmedial 
line indistinct, dark, defined by whitish on outer side, excurved from 
costa to vein 4, then oblique ; a faint pale curved subterrainal line 
defined by some black scales on inner side ; a terminal series of 
slight black points : a fine white line at base of cilia. Hind wing 
white; the underside with the costal area slightly irrorated with 
brown, a black discoidal point. 

Hah. Mashonaland, Salisbury {^Marshall), 1 J fype. Exp. 30 
millim. 

3993. Athetis glauca. (Plate CXXX. fig. 24.) 
Caradrina glauca, Hmpsn. Ami. S. Afr. Miis. ii. p. 304 (1902). 

Head and thorax brown mixed with grey ; pal[)i black, white at 
tips; tarsi brown ringed with white ; abdomen grey suffused with 
brown. Pore wing grej'-brown slightly irrorated with white and 
with faint ochreous streaks in discal and submedian folds; subbasal 
line blackish, waved, from costa to submedian fold ; antemedial line 
blackish, oblique, sinuous, angled outwards in submedian fold and 
inwards on vein 1 ; orbicular a small round blackish spot; reniform 
small, defined by blackish and rather constricted at middle ; post- 
medial line black, bent outwards below costa, then dentate and 
produced to white points on the veins, excurved to vein 4, then 
incurved ; subtcrminal line faint, whitish, slightly defined on inner 
.*:ide by fnscous suffusion, excurved below vein 7 and at middle ; a 
terminal series of black stripe. Hind wing pure white, the costal 
area and veins of terminal area tinged with brown, a fine brown 
terminal line; the underside wirh the costal area suflTused with 
brown and irrorated with white, traces of a punctiform postmedial 
line from costa to vein 3. 

Ab. 1. Fore wing with the orbicular elongate. 

Hah. Br. E. Africa, Machakoe {Craivsliay), 5 J, Kikuyu 
iCrcnvshay), 1 $ , Eb Urru (Betton), 1 $ ; Transvaal (Pead), 1 cT , 
Piet Ptetief (CrausJiay), 2 J, Johannesburg (Coulee), 1 5 ; Natal, 
Estcourt (Hutchinson), 1 J , 1 $ type. Exj^. 24-32 millim. 



3994. Athetis melanephra, n. sp. (Plate CXXX. fig. 25.) 

Head and thorax fuscous mixed with grey-white; paljawith the 
third joint whitish ; antenuse whitish; tegulse tipped with white; 



ATHETIS. 353 

tarsi fuscous rin<2;ed with white ; abdomen white tinged with brown. 
Fore wing whitish suffused with brown and irrorated with fuscous, 
the veins with slight dark streaks; subbasal line double filled in 
with whitish, waved, from costa to submedian fold in which there 
is a slight blackish streak beyond it ; antemedial line black defined 
by white on inner side, angled outwards below costa, then oblique, 
sinuous ; orbicular a rather elongate black spot ; reniform a black 
lunule ; postmedial line black defined by white on outer side and 
with small black spot at costa, bent outwards below costa, then 
dentate, incurved below vein 4, a fuscous patch beyond it on costal 
area with white points on costa ; subterminal line indistinct, whitish, 
defined on inner side by fuscous suffusion, slightly angled outwards 
at vein 7 and angled inwards at submedian fold where there is a 
diffused blackish mark before it ; a terminal series of black striae. 
Hind wing pure white, the apex slightly tinged with fuscous ; the 
underside with the costal area suffused and irrorated with fuscous, 
a slight disooidal spot and fine brown terminal line. 

Bah. Bechuanaland, N'Gami (Lurjard), 1 $ ; Tkansvaal, Modder- 
fontein (Cruger), 1 § ; Natal, Mooi R., 1 $ ; Bastttoland, Maseru 
{Crawshay), 1 J , 1 § type, Masite {Grawshay), 1 cJ • Exp. 28 
millim. 



3995. Athetis atrirena. (Plate CXXX. fig. 26.) 

Caradrina atrirena, Hinpsn. Ann. S. Afr. Mus. ii. p. 304 (1902). 

Head and thorax pale rufous ; palpi black, whitish at tips ; fore 
tibise blackish, the tarsi black with pale rings; abdomen whitish 
tinged with red-brown. Pore wing pale rufous irrorated with fuscous; 
subbasallmeblack expanding into a spot at costa, waved, from costa to 
submedian fold; antemedial line black with small spot at costa, 
angled inwards below costa, then oblique, waved ; orbicular absent ; 
reniform a narrow black lunule ; a diffused fuscous medial line, 
oblique from costa to reniform and slightly incurved from lower 
angle of cell to inner margin ; postmedial line black with small 
spot at costa, oblique from costa to vein 7, then minutely dentate, 
somewhat incurved at discal fold, incurved below vein 4, some slight 
pale points beyond it on costa ; subterminal line defined by fuscous 
suffusion on inner side, oblique towards costa, excurved below 
vein 7, excurved and minutely waved at middle ; a terminal series 
of minute black lunules. Hind wing pale reddish brown; cilia 
yellowish at base, with diffused brown line at middle and whitish 
tips; the underside whitish tinged with ochreous and slightly 
irrorated with brown, a blackish discoidal lunule and indistinct 
cui'ved postmedial line. 

Hah. Cape Colony, Worcester Distr., Matjesfontein, 1 S type, 
Deelfontein {Slorjgeft)^ 1 $ . E.rj). 32 millim. 



VOL. Till. 



2a 



354 NocTrin,^. 



3096. Athetis al)sorbens. (Plate CXXX. fig. 27.) 
Graphipho7-a ahsorbens, Wlk. x. 403 (1856). 

Head, thorax, and abdomen pale rufous mixed Avith whitish ; 
pa]])i tinged with fuscous. Fore wing pale rufous ; traces of a 
subbasal dark striga from costa ; an oblique sinuous antemedial line 
angled inwards on vein 1 ; orbicular and renit'orm fuscous brown, 
undefined, the former round, the latter elliptical ; traces of a dark 
medial line oblique from costa to reniform and sinuous from cell to 
inner margin ; postmedial line indistinct, dark, oblique from costa 
to vein 6, then , dentate and produced to points on the veins, 
excurved to vein 4, then incurved ; subterminal line slightly defined 
by fuscous on inner side, angled outwards at vein 7 and excurved 
at middle ; a terminal series o<^^ dark striae ; cilia fuscous at tips. 
Hind wing whitish suffused and irrorated with reddish brown, the 
underside with dark discoidal spot and diffused curved postmedial 
line. 

Ab. 1. Fore wing with the postmedial area suffused with 
fuscous. — Kokstad. 

Bah. Cape Colony {Sir A, Smith), 1 J , 2 5 ^^vpe, Kokstad 
{Mrs. Priyigle), 1 6 ■ Exp. 32-38 millim. 



3997. Athetis pallicornis. 

Caradrina pallicornis, Feld. Reis. Nov. pi. lOy. f. 20 (1874). 

Head and thorax brown mixed with grey-white ; palpi and front 
of pectus fuscous brown ; fore tibi^ banded with fuscous, the tarsi 
fuscous ringed with white ; abdomen grey suffused with brown. 
Fore wing grey-brown ; subbasal line slight, blackish, curved, a 
black point beyond it in cell; antemedial line blackish, angled 
outwards below costa and excurved in submedian interspace ; 
orbicular a minute dark point ; reniform a diffused round black 
spot; medial line blackish, sinuous, oblique from costa to reniform; 
postmedial line blackish, oblique from costa to vein 6, then dentate 
and produced to black points on the veins, excurved to vein 4, then 
oblique, siibterminal line faintly defined by fuscous on inner side 
and with fuscous mark before it below vein 7, excurved below 
vein 7 and at middle; a terminal series of minute dark lunules. 
Hind wing grey suffused with fuscous brown, an indistinct 
discoidal spot and curved postmedial line ; the underside somewhat 
paler with blackish discoidal lunule, diffused curved postmedial line, 
and termina^ series of minute blackish lunules. 

Hah. Bastjtoland, Maseru (Crrn(;6'7?a2/;i, 1 $; C. Colony, Transkei 
(iliivs F. Barrett), Id, 1 §, Knysna, {7 rimm), type f d" in Coll. 
Kolhschild. Exp. 32-3(3 millim. 



A.THETIS. 355 

' 3998. Athetis pertinax. 

Caradrma pertinax, Stand. Hor. Soe. Ent. Ross. xiv. p. 387 (1878) ; id. Cat. 

Lep. pal. p. 19i3. 
Caradrina vicina, Rom. Mem. ii. p. 55, pi. 3. f. 3 (1885), nee Staud. 
Cnradrina melanura, Alph. Rom. Mein. ix. p. 34(1897). 
Carad.rina expansa, Alph. Rom. Mem. ix. p. 34 (1897). 
Caradrina morosa, Alph. Roin, Mem. ix. p. 34 (1897), nee Led. 
Agrotis iuumhrata, Staud, Iris, xii. p. 363 (1899). 

Head and thorax -white slightly tinged with ochreous brown ; 
palpi black, white in front and at tips ; tarsi black ringed with 
white ; abdomen white. Fore wing ochrooi]s white slightly 
irrorated with brown, the terminal area suffused with pale brown ; 
subbasal line represented by a small black spot on costa ; ante- 
medial line indistinct, double, with black spot on the outer line at 
costa, oblique, waved ; orbicular a brown point ; reniform a browji 
lanule with greyish centre ; a slight medial dai'k shade with black 
spot at costa, oblique from costa to reniform ; postmedial line 
indistinct, double, with black spot on inner line at costa, minutely 
waved, escurved from costa to vein 4, then incurved, some ochreous 
points beyond it on costa ; subterminal line ochreous, minutely 
waved, angled outwards at vein 7, excurved at middle and angled 
inwards at discal and submedian folds ; a terminal series of minute 
black lunules ; cilia white, the bases yellowish followed by a slight 
brown line. Hind wing pure white, the termen slightly tinged with 
brown from apex to vein 2 ; the underside with slight brown patch 
at apex. 

Ab. 1. inumhrata. Fore wing more ochreous, the terminal area 
broadly suffused with fuscous; hind wing with the terminal area 
suffused with fuscous. — Taurus. 

Ab. 2. melanura. Fore wing whitish, the terminal area broadly 
black. — Armenia. 

Ab. 3. expansa. Fore wing with the markings more distinct, the 
undei'side almost without dark suffusion on terminal area, — W. and 
E. Turkestan. 

Hah. Armenia, 1 <S ; Asia Minor, Pontus, 2 5 , Taurus, Zeitun ; 
Syria, 1 5 ; W. Turkestan, Ferghana, Issyk Kul ; E. Tctrkestajv, 
Thian-Shan Mts. Exy. 30 millim, 

3999. Athetis vicina. (Plate CXXX. fig. 28.) 

Caradrina vicina, Staud. Berl. ent. Zeit. 1870, p. 118 ; id. Cat. Lep. pal. 

p'. 196. 
Caradrina belucha. Swinb. Trans. Ent. See. 1885, p. 348. pi. 9. f. 2 ; 

Hmpsn. Moths Ind. ii. p. 261. 
Caradrina. syriaca, Staud. Iris, iv. p. 294 (1892). 
Caradrina fergana, Staud. Iris, iv. p. 294 (1892). 

(5 . Head and thorax ochreous white slightly irrorated with red- 
brown ; palpi with black-brown patch at side of 2nd joint ; tarsi 
blackish ringed with white ; abdomen white. Fore wing yellowish 
white slightly irrorated with brown, the terminal area suffused with 

2a2 



356 NOCTUID.IE. 

fuscous brown ; subbasal line represented b}' black striae from costa 
and median nervare ; anteraedial line blackish with black spot on 
costa, oblique, interrupted ; orbicular a small round brown spot ; 
renitorni a small lunule defined by blackish ; medial line with black 
spot at costa, oblique to reniform, slightly sinuous from cell to inner 
margin; postmedial line much interrupted with small black spots at 
costa, submedian fold and inner margin, strongly bent outwards 
below costa, slightly incurved at discal fold, incurved below vein 4, 
some yellow points beyond it on costa ; traces of a pale subterminal 
line, excurved below vein 7 and at middle ; a terminal series of 
small black lunules ; cilia brownish with a fine pale line at base. 
Hind wing white, the veins of terminal area and termen slightly 
tinged with brown from apex to vein 2 ; a fine brown terminal line 
from apex to submedian told ; cilia tinged with brown at apex ; 
the underside with small apical brownish patch and terminal series 
of small blackish lunules from apex to vein 2. 

2. Fore wing with the terminal area hardly suff'used with 
fuscous except before subterminal line. 

Ab. 1. fergana. Pore wing more distinctly marked but without 
the dark sutt'usion on terminal area. — Armenia, W. Turkestan. 

Ab. 2. syrutca. Darker, the hind wing wholly tinged with 
fuscous. — Asia Minor, Syria. 

H((b. Spai:n^, Murcia ; S. IIdssia, Sarepta, 1 c? , 3 5 , Zeller and 
Frey Colls.; Akmenia ; Asia Minor, Pontus, Taurus: SrniA ; 
Peksia ; W. Turkestan, Turcomania, Ferghana, Issyk Kul ; 
E. Turkestan, Hi; Beluchistan, Quetta {Sivinhoe), i $ type 
helucha. E.cp. cj 30, 5 32 millim. 



4000. Athetis flavitincta, n. sp. (Plate CXXX. fig. 29.) 

Head and thorax